CN101913754A - Six-drop individual section bottle-making machine and pressing and blowing production technology thereof - Google Patents

Six-drop individual section bottle-making machine and pressing and blowing production technology thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101913754A
CN101913754A CN2010102530790A CN201010253079A CN101913754A CN 101913754 A CN101913754 A CN 101913754A CN 2010102530790 A CN2010102530790 A CN 2010102530790A CN 201010253079 A CN201010253079 A CN 201010253079A CN 101913754 A CN101913754 A CN 101913754A
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China
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bottle
shaping
parison
mould
piston
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CN2010102530790A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN101913754B (en
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景传舜
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山东嘉丰玻璃机械有限公司
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Publication of CN101913754A publication Critical patent/CN101913754A/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P40/00Technologies relating to the processing of minerals
    • Y02P40/50Glass production, e.g. reusing waste heat during processing or shaping
    • Y02P40/57Improving the yield, e-g- reduction of reject rates

Abstract

The invention discloses a six-drop individual section bottle-making machine and pressing and blowing production technology thereof, belongs to the field of bottle-making machines, in particular to a multi-drop bottle-making machine and bottle-making technology thereof. The bottle-making machine comprises a frame, a parison mold molding mechanism, a molding mold molding mechanism and a bottle poking mechanism, and is characterized in that: a molding device of the parison mold molding mechanism is an integral multi-cavity stamping device which comprises a driving cylinder, a combined cylinder, a punch, a piston push-pull plate and a piston, wherein the piston is connected with the piston push-pull plate; six punches are arranged at the upper end of the piston push-pull plate; mold switching devices of the parison mold molding mechanism and the molding mold molding mechanism adopt a parallel switching mode in a horizontal plane; the bottle poking mechanism is driven by two stepping motors; and the two stepping motors drive a rotating disc and bottle poking arms of the bottle poking mechanism through a synchronous belt. The technology comprises six steps of separating materials, producing parison, turning, molding, clamping bottles and poking the bottles. The bottle-making machine has the advantages of high bottle-making yield, good molding quality and capacity of manufacturing high-grade glass bottles in multiple specifications.

Description

A kind of six-drop individual section bottle-making machine and pressing and blowing production technology thereof
Technical field
The invention belongs to the bottle-making machine field, be specifically related to a kind of many tear drops glass bottle-making machine and production technique thereof.
Background technology
Vial production industry, bottle-making machine adopt many forming techniques to improve single machine yield.The industry of system bottle is promoted to two dripping or three bottle-making machines by the development of four more than ten years from single system bottle, and it can be under the identical prerequisite of unit energy consumption, and the bottle of two to three times of output of output is to reduce production costs.But the easy shaping mechanism of traditional bottle-making machine utilization is taked the vacuum take-off bottleneck, blow back moulding bottle base, the old technology of positive blowing moulding bottle, two or three vials of once shaped, but exist machine speed slow, poor product quality, yield rate is low, problems such as energy consumption height.The spanning development that existing two, three tear drop low-quality low speed bottle-making machines are realized having replacement meaning to high-quality high speed six tear drop bottle-making machines, how merely being not only of required solution increase the problem that the system bottle drips number, all is being faced with great technological challenge aspect each shaping mechanisms such as sub-material, moulding, upset, pincers bottle and bottle moving.
The applicant organizes high-caliber R﹠D force by concentrating, emphasis tackling key problem difficult point project, on sub-material, pincers bottle and switching mechanism, made important innovation, multinomial technical research success such as the servo tripper of crank-linkage type, servo brank switching mechanism and servo clip bottle mechanism is that the development of six tear drop bottle-making machines is laid a good foundation.
Yet, produce all gratifying six tear drop bottle-making machines of output and quality, also need in parison mo(u)ld moulding, mould open/close mode and bottle moving mechanism, make further exploration and improvement.Reason is as follows:
First, the first type moulding general using of bottle is installed in traditional bottle-making machine press-and-blow machine structure of parison mo(u)ld lower end, this mechanism comprises: liftable driving cylinder and in conjunction with cylinder, two kinds of shaped devices can be installed in conjunction with cylinder: a kind of is that osculum blows-blowing apparatus, use first blow moulding bottleneck earlier, back blow back moulding bottle base; Another kind is osculum suction-blowing apparatus, uses earlier the vacuum take-off bottleneck, back blow back moulding bottle base.All there is following problem in these two kinds of forming methods: rely on pressure-vaccum technology to make the moulding of vial idiosome merely, frit in mould because of not waiting duration of contact, reasons such as unbalance stress, cause the body surface to form the defective of " half waist " and " wave striped ", have a strong impact on the visual appearance of bottle, can't produce high-grade vial.In addition, because former press-and-blow machine structure complex structure, processing step is loaded down with trivial details, has limited the machine speed and the output of bottle-making machine.
The second, glass is in moulding process under the condition of high temperature, needs to overturn 180 ° to the moulding of shaping mould inflation after the parison mo(u)ld shaping blank.The forming mould on-off action was made " fan-shaped " angle switch under cylinder and linkage assembly driving in the past, this structure can not adapt to the requirement that high machine speed is produced, little during work because of the mould angle of release, brank arm and mould often interfere, collision phenomenon, especially when many tear drops bottle-making machine is produced bottle, machine speed is fast especially, and problem is more outstanding.And, quality has also been caused seriously influence because " fan-shaped " folding order is accepted the refrigerative asynchronism(-nization) with the bottle of a collection of moulding.
The 3rd, bottle-making machine bottle moving mechanism is installed in before the machine on the machine conveyor, and function is the bottle with forming, and in a certain order and spacing distance, dialling from parked aerofoil changes on 90 ° of machine conveyor guipures of pulling over.Traditional bottle moving mechanism, be divided into mechanical cam formula and single motor and add two kinds of patterns of horizontal air cylinder, basically can satisfy the bottle moving requirement of single, double tear drop bottle-making machine, but, on many many tear drops of group bottle-making machines,, be a difficult problem how with more than one group bottle global transfer stably on the high speed guipure.Through regular meeting bottle takes place to squeeze in the production process, a bottle phenomenon has a strong impact on machine speed and qualification rate.
Domestic similar function bi-motor bottle moving mechanism; adopt 220V exchange, at a high speed, the import stepper-motor of little torque; other adds two planetary reduction gear transmissions; drive the compound motion of rotating disk and bottle-shifting board again, there is following defective in this structure: increased the one-level transmission, made complex structure, efficient reduce; there is not the overload defencive function; and adopt the import alternating current machine, there is the uneasy congruent problem of using in the expense height.
Overcoming the above problems will be the key of successfully researching and developing six formula ranks bottle-making machines.
Summary of the invention
In order to overcome the prior art deficiency, the invention provides a kind of six-drop individual section bottle-making machine and pressing and blowing production technology thereof, system bottle output height, Forming Quality is good.
The technical solution adopted for the present invention to solve the technical problems is: design a kind of six-drop individual section bottle-making machine, comprise frame, parison mo(u)ld shaping mechanism, shaping mould shaping mechanism and bottle moving mechanism, the parison mo(u)ld shaping mechanism comprises shaped device, parison mo(u)ld and mould switching arrangement, the shaping mould shaping mechanism comprises shaping mould and mould switching arrangement, it is characterized in that:
The shaped device of parison mo(u)ld shaping mechanism is an one multi-cavity decompressor, and one multi-cavity decompressor comprises driving cylinder, in conjunction with cylinder, drift, piston draw back plate and piston, and piston connects the piston draw back plate, and six drifts are installed in piston draw back plate upper end;
The mould switching arrangement of parison mo(u)ld shaping mechanism and shaping mould shaping mechanism all adopts the form of parallel folding in the horizontal plane;
Bottle moving mechanism comprises rotating disk, the bottle moving arm and the mounting bracket of group plate has been installed; Bottle moving mechanism adopts two stepper-motors to drive, and two stepper-motors connect the rotating disk and the bottle moving arm that drive bottle moving mechanism respectively by band transmission synchronously.
A kind of six-drop individual section bottle-making machine of the present invention is characterized in that in the inner chamber of drift inserting the internal cooling pipe, and internal cooling Guan Yiduan and inner chamber link, the other end and cold gas body source link; The inner chamber UNICOM vacuum suction apparatus of drift.
Parison mo(u)ld and shaping mould are installed on the tong arm of mould switching arrangement; Left and right sides tong arm is sleeved on one group of parallel axis of guide, an end of tong arm articulated linkage, and the hinged rocking arm of the other end of connecting rod, rocking arm connects the switch cylinder by splined shaft.
Bottle moving mechanism comprises two groups of synchronous belt transmission devices, every group of synchronous belt transmission device comprises a big belt wheel, a small pulley and synchronous band, small pulley connects the motor shaft of stepper-motor, the power supply of stepper-motor is 24 volts of direct current safety voltages, small pulley drives big belt wheel by band connection synchronously, two big belt wheels of two groups of synchronous belt transmission devices are installed in the rotating disk main drive shaft respectively and dial on the plate servo axis, and the rotating disk main drive shaft connects rotating disk, dial the plate servo axis and connect the bottle moving arm.
The present invention also comprises the crank connecting link feeding distribution mechanism, and the crank connecting link feeding distribution mechanism is by stream material pipe coupling parison mo(u)ld shaping mechanism; The crank connecting link feeding distribution mechanism comprises worm reducer, and worm reducer connects first servomotor, and driving crank is set on the worm reducer, the driving crank articulated linkage, and rod hinge connection sub-material collection dress module, sub-material collection dress module is hinged on the frame; Sub-material collection dress module comprises six component material mechanisms; Feeding distribution mechanism comprises driven crank, sleeve and material wooden dipper; The middle part of driven crank is hinged on the frame, an end articulated linkage of driven crank, the other end hinged sleeve, fixing material wooden dipper on the sleeve;
The present invention also comprises the servo tipper structure, and the servo tipper structure is installed between parison mo(u)ld shaping mechanism and the shaping mould shaping mechanism; The servo tipper structure comprises second servomotor and electric machine support, and second servomotor is arranged on the electric machine support, and second servomotor connects worm screw by shaft coupling, and worm and wheel is meshed; Closed case is installed on the electric machine support, and worm gear and worm screw are arranged in the closed case; Worm screw one end connects shaft coupling, and the other end is provided with manual wrench.
The present invention also comprises servo clip bottle mechanism, servo clip bottle mechanism comprises the 3rd servomotor, support and worm reducer, and the 3rd servomotor is arranged on the support, and the 3rd servomotor connects worm reducer by shaft coupling, cantilever mounted on the worm reducer, cantilever hinged jaw tongs bottle anchor clamps; Frame bottom is provided with lifting device.
The pressing and blowing production technology of a kind of six-drop individual section bottle-making machine of the present invention is characterized in that in turn including the following steps:
Step 1: sub-material;
The first driven by servomotor worm reducer drives the driving crank rotation, driving crank makes connecting rod reciprocating on level attitude, and then drive driven crank around itself and the swing of the pin joint of frame, make sleeve and fixed material wooden dipper thereof make dividing movement clocklike, the realization sub-material;
Step 2: first type;
The glass tear drop flows in the parison mo(u)ld shaping mechanism by stream material pipe, and the order of mould switching arrangement is installed in the parison mo(u)ld closure on the tong arm; The piston of one multi-cavity decompressor is upwards promoted by gas-pressure adjustable, and drift inserts in the parison mo(u)ld from bottom to top, makes bottle become type just, and after dying, piston moves down, and drift retreats to charging position;
Step 3: upset;
The mould switching arrangement order of parison mo(u)ld shaping mechanism is installed in parallel the opening of parison mo(u)ld on the tong arm, is added by the servo tipper structure and holds bottleneck bottle down type just, overturns 180 ° to the shaping mould shaping mechanism, and bottleneck up;
Step 4: moulding;
The mould switching arrangement order of shaping mould shaping mechanism is installed in the shaping mould closure on the tong arm, becomes bottle final blow molding in the shaping mould shaping mechanism of type just;
Step 5: pincers bottle;
Add the bottle of holding moulding by servo clip bottle mechanism and from the shaping mould shaping mechanism, clamp out, move on the parked plate of machine conveyor;
Step 6: bottle moving;
Bottle moving mechanism dials out to the bottle of moulding on the machine conveyor guipure.
The beneficial effect that the present invention had is:
1, the present invention has realized making glass wall thickness uniform distribution by integral type multi-cavity osculum stamping technology, reaches not only weight reduction but also keeps the purpose of intensity.It can pass through a plurality of drifts of synchronized drive of piston draw back plate, carries out the first type operations for forming of bottle, faster production efficient, economize in raw materials and the energy, improved quality product greatly, not only wall thickness is even, and eliminated " ripple glaze " on body surface, bottleneck size is precisely controlled.The internal cooling pipe is installed in the drift, and pressurized air enters the inner chamber of drift by the internal cooling pipe, and drift is cooled to suitable temperature, vacuum suction apparatus will during the hot waste gas that produces extract out, keep punch head surface to meet the requirement of press temperature with this.Multi-cavity, the synchronous punching press of many drifts will greatly improve the production output and the body quality of the industry of system bottle, very suitable popularizing.
2, the present invention adopts parallel mould on-off mechanism, more former angle mould on-off mechanism, owing to remove part in addition such as former pincers axle, retainer, anti-inclined to one side plate, make simple in structure, operating space size increase, simultaneously; the reach of rocking arm force, the connecting rod pressure angle increases, and mould is held power tightly and strengthened; the parallel switch of mould; good to neutrality, die wear is little, in addition; mould and cooling air are chewed the seat and put equidistantly; the die cavity temperature is even before and after making, and helps the breakthrough of glass ware forming, parallel die sinking technology, is that bottle-making machine plays an important role in many tear drops, high machine speed production.
3, the stepper-motor of two same model direct currents, low speed, high pulling torque is equipped with in the present invention, after the synchronous pulley speed change, drives rotating disk respectively and does to rotatablely move, make group plate to do reciprocal 90 ° bottle moving campaign with counterclockwise 150 ° clockwise.Two stepper-motors overlap the pulse command that computer control system is independently sent by two, control the motor forward and backward respectively, the plus-minus movement velocity, form the compound curvilinear motion, reaching bottle moving speed follows the guipure linear velocity and is synchronized with the movement or realizes differential regulatory function, guarantee that the bottle spacing of bottle on guipure equates, proper alignment in line, for follow-up bottle is sent smoothly, is turned and give security.
The present invention adopts stepper-motor to drive band transmission synchronously, has avoided losing the generation of step phenomenon, mechanical shift accurate positioning zero deflection; Can satisfy the bottle moving requirement under the many groups, many, high machine speed working condition.Adopt direct current 24V safety voltage on the structure; adopting synchronously, band changes transmission; have simple in structure, reliable operation, long service life; has overload protection function; and the present invention is a standardised prod, the bottle-making machine of adaptive all size type, the production cost of saving horizontal air cylinder and two-position-five-way solenoid valve; has high cost performance, suitable applying.
4, toggle is applied on the tripper, has realized limiting six material wooden dippers while sub-materials in the width between centers scope, cooperate the use of six tear drop bottle-making machines.With the design of worm reducer drive toggle, the replacement rack-and-pinion in the past and the nonstandardized technique product of leading screw cooperation transmission not only be convenient to select and purchase processing, and sealing property are good, and failure rate is low.This project organization is simple, also can have the sub-material collection dress module of not counting feeding distribution mechanism on the same group by replacing, can realize that the sub-material of different tear drops is supplied with, and is convenient and swift, generally is applicable to the bottle-making machine type of various different sizes.
5. the servo tipper structure substitutes traditional cylinder, hydraulic buffer mechanism by servomotor, makes rotary movement quick, stable; Replace " open type " gear, rack gear by " enclosed " worm and gear wheel box, long service life can be applied to the brank upset of other many tear drops bottle-making machines such as single tear drop, two tear drop, three tear drops, four tear drops.In the worm screw upper end manual wrench, regulating mechanism height with the need are set.
6. the servomotor of servo clip bottle mechanism is according to the operation of pincers bottle program curve, substitute traditional cylinder, hydraulic buffer mechanism, replace gear, the open type of belt drive of tooth bar with the standard worm reducer, make the action of pincers bottle quick, stable, be difficult for causing operation in spite of illness because of foreign matter enters transmission rig, machine long service life, action are consistently.In frame bottom lifting device is set, the regulating mechanism height is adapted to the different needs of producing with the need.
7. inventive point of the present invention is defeated in detail the technical barrier that existing industrial production faces, and has finally realized six tear drop system bottles, has not only improved system bottle output, and the various mass defects of having avoided traditional technology system bottle to be brought.The present invention can the high-quality production vial of high speed, and simple in structure, and the technology refining has brought the advanced bottle making equipment and the Technology of suitable popularization, has promoted Chinese glass bottle industrial expansion greatly.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the present invention's structural representation of (not containing bottle moving mechanism);
Fig. 2 is the present invention's structural representation of (not containing crank connecting link feeding distribution mechanism, stream material pipe and bottle moving mechanism)
Fig. 3 is the vertical view of Fig. 2;
Fig. 4 is the structural representation of crank connecting link feeding distribution mechanism;
Fig. 5 is that the A of Fig. 4 is to structural representation;
Fig. 6 is a toggle principle of work synoptic diagram;
Fig. 7 is the structural representation that the mould switching arrangement of parison mo(u)ld tool has been installed;
Fig. 8 is the vertical view of Fig. 7;
Fig. 9 is a rocking arm limit of sports record position view;
Figure 10 is the structural representation of one multi-cavity decompressor;
Figure 11 is the B-B structural representation of Figure 10;
Figure 12 is the C portion partial enlarged drawing of Figure 11;
Figure 13 is the structural representation of servo tipper structure;
Figure 14 is the structural representation of servo clip bottle mechanism;
Figure 15 is the structural representation of bottle moving mechanism;
Figure 16 is the vertical view of Figure 15;
Among Fig. 1,2,3: 1, crank connecting link feeding distribution mechanism, 2, stream material pipe, 3, the parison mo(u)ld shaping mechanism, 4, servo tipper structure, 5, the shaping mould shaping mechanism, 6, servo clip bottle mechanism, 3.1, the mould switching arrangement of parison mo(u)ld has been installed, 3.2, one multi-cavity decompressor
Among Fig. 4,5,6: 1.1, first servomotor, 1.2, the material wooden dipper, 1.3, sleeve, 1.4, worm reducer, 1.5, sub-material collection dress module, 1.6, driven crank, 1.7, connecting rod, 1.8, driving crank,
Among Fig. 7,8,9: 3.1.1, support, 3.1.2, the parallel axis of guide, 3.1.3, left and right sides tong arm, 3.1.4, composite bearing, 3.1.5, rocking arm, 3.1.6, connecting rod, 3.1.7, splined shaft, 3.1.8, mould,
Among Figure 10,11,12: 3.2.1, driving cylinder, 3.2.2, piston, 3.2.3, return spring, 3.2.4, the piston draw back plate, 3.2.5, in conjunction with cylinder, 3.2.6, plunger adaptor, 3.2.7, snap ring, 3.2.8, the internal cooling pipe, 3.2.9, drift, 3.2.10, parison mo(u)ld, 3.2.11, vacuum suction apparatus, 3.2.12, cold gas body source access port, 3.2.13, charging position
Among Figure 13: 4.1, second servomotor, 4.2, shaft coupling, 4.3, electric machine support, 4.4, worm screw, 4.5, manual wrench, 4.6, brank, 4.7, worm gear, 4.8, closed case, 4.9, induction controller,
Among Figure 14: 6.1, the 3rd servomotor, 6.2, shaft coupling, 6.3, support, 6.4, worm reducer, 6.5, lifting device, 6.6, pincers bottle anchor clamps, 6.7, cantilever,
Among Figure 15,16: 7.1, stepper-motor, 7.2, small pulley, 7.3, small pulley, 7.4, stepper-motor, 7.5, big belt wheel, 7.6, big belt wheel, 7.7, dial the plate servo axis, 7.8, the rotating disk main drive shaft, 7.9, the bottle moving arm, 7.10, dial plate, 7.11, rotating disk, 7.12, the machine conveyor guipure, 13, mounting bracket.
Embodiment
A kind of six-drop individual section bottle-making machine is as shown in Figure 1, 2, 3 installed crank connecting link feeding distribution mechanism 1 on the frame, crank connecting link feeding distribution mechanism 1 connects parison mo(u)ld shaping mechanism 3 by stream material pipe 2.Parison mo(u)ld shaping mechanism 3, servo tipper structure 4, shaping mould shaping mechanism 5 and servo clip bottle mechanism 6 orders are installed on the frame.
Shown in Fig. 4,5,6, first servomotor 1.1 is installed on the frame, the output shaft of first servomotor 1.1 connects worm reducer 1.4 by shaft coupling, driving crank 1.8 is set on the worm reducer 1.4, one end of driving crank 1.8 articulated linkage 1.7, the hinged sub-material collection dress of the other end of connecting rod 1.7 module 1.5.Sub-material collection dress module 1.5 comprises six component material mechanisms.Feeding distribution mechanism comprises driven crank 1.6, sleeve 1.3 and material wooden dipper 1.2.The middle part of driven crank 1.6 is hinged on the frame, one end articulated linkage 1.7, the other end hinged sleeve 1.3, fixing material wooden dipper 1.2 on the sleeve 1.3.During sub-material, first servomotor 1.1 drives worm reducer 1.4 and drives driving crank 1.8 rotations, driving crank 1.8 makes connecting rod 1.7 reciprocating on level attitude, and then drive driven crank 1.6 and swing around its pin joint with frame, make sleeve 1.3 and fixed material wooden dipper 1.2 thereof make dividing movement clocklike, realize sub-material.
Parison mo(u)ld shaping mechanism 3 is identical with the mould switching arrangement structure of shaping mould shaping mechanism 5, all adopts parallel on-mode structure.Shown in Fig. 7,8,9, the left and right sides tong arm 3.1.3 of mould 3.1.8 is installed, be installed on the parallel axis of guide 3.1.2 of support 3.1.1, left and right sides tong arm 3.1.3 connects with the mode that parallel axis of guide 3.1.2 adopts axle sleeve type to slide; Parallel axis of guide 3.1.2 is supported by composite bearing 3.1.4; Splined shaft 3.1.7 connects rocking arm 3.1.5, rocking arm 3.1.5 articulated linkage 3.1.6, and rocking arm 3.1.5 connects left and right sides tong arm 3.1.3 by connecting rod 3.1.6.
In equipment when operation,, the motivating force of switch cylinder acts on the splined shaft 3.1.7, makes it do reciprocating type rotation along himself axis in certain angle, drives the Rocker arm 5 that connects with it and does reciprocating type oscillating motion.Rocking arm 3.1.5 articulated linkage 3.1.6, rocking arm 3.1.5 connects left and right sides tong arm 3.1.3 by connecting rod 3.1.6, and left and right sides tong arm 3.1.3 is installed on the horizontally-guided axle 3.1.2.The reciprocating type oscillating motion of rocking arm 3.1.5 under the tangential movement direction restriction of horizontally-guided axle 3.1.2, transforms the horizontal rectilinear motion for left and right sides tong arm 3.1.3 by hinged, realizes the athletic performance of the parallel switch of mould 3.1.8.
Fig. 9 is a rocking arm 3.1.5 limit of sports record position view, waves 3.1.5 when limit position A, and corresponding left and right sides tong arm 3.1.3 is in full open position; Rocking arm 3.1.5 is when limit position B, and corresponding left and right sides tong arm 3.1.3 is in closure state.
In the parison mo(u)ld shaping mechanism 3, below the mould switching arrangement 3.1 that parison mo(u)ld has been installed, one multi-cavity decompressor 3.2 is installed.Shown in Figure 10,11,12, the structure of one multi-cavity decompressor 3.2 is as follows: in conjunction with six the plunger adaptor 3.2.6 that are provided with among the cylinder 3.2.5, each plunger adaptor 3.2.6 connects a drift 3.2.9 by snap ring 3.2.7.Six plunger adaptor 3.2.6 are installed on the piston draw back plate 3.2.4, and the lower end of piston draw back plate 3.2.4 connects piston 3.2.2, and piston 3.2.2 is installed among the driving cylinder 3.2.1, and piston 3.2.2 goes up suit return spring 3.2.3.
Insert internal cooling pipe 3.2.8 in the inner chamber of drift 3.2.9, internal cooling pipe 3.2.8 one end and inner chamber link, and the other end and cold gas body source access port 3.2.12 link; The vacuum suction apparatus 3.2.11 of inner chamber UNICOM of drift 3.2.9.Cold air in the operation postcooling gas source enters the inner chamber of drift 3.2.9 rapidly by internal cooling pipe 3.2.8, drift 3.2.9 is cooled to suitable temperature, the hot gas that produces during vacuum suction apparatus 3.2.11 incites somebody to action is extracted out, keeps drift 3.2.9 surface temperature to meet the requirement of stamping press with this.
During use, piston 3.2.2 upwards promotes drift 3.2.9 by gas-pressure adjustable and carries out the punching press action, and after dying, piston 3.2.2 is playback downwards under the effect of return spring 3.2.3.Drift 3.2.9 inserts among the parison mo(u)ld 3.2.10 from bottom to top, once makes the tear drop impact briquetting, removes technology usefulness gas and moulding actions such as " first blow ", " blow back ", " vacuum take-off ", and simple and practical, ratio of briquetting height and bottle quality are guaranteed.Drift 3.2.9 adopts " internal-circulation type " from cooling structure, the punching press action is linked up carry out, and the surface of drift 3.2.9 remains suitable processing temperature, has improved production efficiency thus greatly.
Servo tipper structure 4 between parison mo(u)ld shaping mechanism 3 and shaping mould shaping mechanism 5.Servo tipper structure 4 as shown in figure 13, second servomotor 4.1 is arranged on the electric machine support 4.3, second servomotor 4.1 connects worm screws 4.4 by shaft coupling 4.2, worm screw 4.4 is meshed with worm gear 4.7.Worm gear 4.7 is arranged in the closed case 4.8 with worm screw 4.4, and closed case 4.8 is installed on the electric machine support 4.3.The present invention also is provided with induction controller 4.9, and induction controller 4.9 connects second servomotor 4.1, by the situation of monitoring brank 4.6, determines the roll-over procedure starting point, and the operation of servomotor 4.1 is controlled in intellectuality.Worm screw 4.4 upper ends are provided with manual wrench 4.5, and the regulating mechanism height is adapted to the different needs of producing with the need.Servo pincers bottle rotary movement fast and stable, the worm wheel gearbox of being made up of worm gear 4.7, worm screw 4.4 and closed case 4.8 is the stdn accessory, is convenient to select and purchase processing, simultaneously good airproof performance, be not subject to the influence of extraneous production environment, can not influence the equipment operation because of advancing dirt and glass disintegrating slag.
Be equipped with mould switching arrangement on the shaping mould shaping mechanism 5 with parison mo(u)ld shaping mechanism 3 same structures.
Servo clip bottle mechanism 6 is installed in abutting connection with shaping mould shaping mechanism 5.The 3rd servomotor 6.1 and the worm reducer 6.4 of servo clip bottle mechanism 6 are arranged on the support 6.3, and servomotor 6.1 connects worm reducer 6.4 by shaft coupling 6.2, and cantilever mounted 6.7 on the worm reducer 6.4, cantilever 6.7 hinged jaw tongs bottle anchor clamps 6.6.During use, start servomotor 6.1, drive worm reducer 6.4 operations and get up, make cantilever 6.7 do 180 ° of swings in the scope, thereby order pincers bottle anchor clamps 6.6 are finished the pincers of vial are gone into and clamped out action around its point of fixity on worm reducer 6.4.In support 6.3 bottoms lifting device 5 is set, can regulates machine height with the need, be adapted to the different needs of producing.Servo pincers bottle action fast and stable, enclosed worm reducer 6.4 is the stdn accessory, is convenient to select and purchase processing, good airproof performance simultaneously is not subject to the influence of extraneous production environment, suits to popularize in modern glass industry is produced.
Bottle moving mechanism installs in abutting connection with servo clip bottle mechanism 6, and the upper limit of its bottle moving arm 7.9 is connected mutually with servo clip bottle mechanism 6, and the lower limit of bottle moving arm 7.9 is connected mutually with machine conveyor guipure 7.12.On mounting bracket 7.13 tops stepper-motor 7.1 is housed, stepper-motor 7.1 drives big belt wheel 7.6 through small pulley 7.2, after slowing down by 3: 1, drives the rotating disk 7.11 on the rotating disk main drive shaft 7.8, does clockwise or counterclockwise 150 ° and rotatablely moves.In mounting bracket 7.13 bottoms stepper-motor 7.4 is housed, stepper-motor 7.4 drives big belt wheel 7.5 through small pulley 7.3, and after slowing down at 3: 1, drive group plate servo axis 7.7 orders about bottle moving arm 7.9 and does positive and negative 90 ° bottle moving campaign.Be equipped with on the bottle moving arm 7.9 and dial plate 7.10.
Stepper-motor 7.1 and 7.4 operations simultaneously, control two rotating speed of motor respectively and turn to by computer, thereby control rotating disk 7.11 and the compound curve motion of dialling plate 7.10 form different bottle moving speed and spacing, can smoothly that the vial profiled member is the neat machine conveyor guipure 7.12 of pulling on.
The pressing and blowing production technology of a kind of six-drop individual section bottle-making machine of the present invention in turn includes the following steps:
Step 1: sub-material;
First servomotor 1.1 drives worm reducer 1.4 and drives driving crank 1.8 rotations, driving crank 1.8 makes connecting rod 1.7 reciprocating on level attitude, and then drive driven crank 1.6 and swing around its pin joint with frame, make sleeve 1.3 and fixed material wooden dipper 1.2 thereof make dividing movement clocklike, realize sub-material:
Step 2: first type;
The glass tear drop flows in the parison mo(u)ld shaping mechanism 3 by stream material pipe 2, and the order of mould switching arrangement is installed in the parison mo(u)ld 3.2.10 closure on the tong arm 3.1.3 of the left and right sides; The piston 3.2.2 of one multi-cavity decompressor 3.2 is upwards promoted by gas-pressure adjustable, and drift 3.2.9 inserts among the parison mo(u)ld 3.2.10 from bottom to top, makes bottle become type just, and after dying, piston 3.2.2 is downward, and drift 3.2.9 retreats to charging position 3.2.13;
Step 3: upset;
The order of mould switching arrangement is installed in parallel the opening of parison mo(u)ld 3.2.10 on the tong arm 3.1.3 of the left and right sides, is added by servo tipper structure 4 and holds bottleneck bottle down type just, overturns 180 ° in shaping mould shaping mechanism 5, and bottleneck up;
Step 4: moulding;
The order of mould switching arrangement is installed in the shaping mould closure on the tong arm 3.1.3 of the left and right sides, becomes bottle final blow molding in shaping mould shaping mechanism 5 of type just;
Step 5: pincers bottle;
Adding the bottle of holding moulding by servo clip bottle mechanism 6 clamps out from shaping mould shaping mechanism 5 to the parked plate of machine conveyor;
Step 6: bottle moving;
Bottle moving mechanism dials out to the bottle of moulding on the machine conveyor guipure 7.12.

Claims (8)

1. six-drop individual section bottle-making machine, comprise frame, parison mo(u)ld shaping mechanism, shaping mould shaping mechanism and bottle moving mechanism, the parison mo(u)ld shaping mechanism comprises shaped device, parison mo(u)ld and mould switching arrangement, and the shaping mould shaping mechanism comprises shaping mould and mould switching arrangement, it is characterized in that:
The shaped device of parison mo(u)ld shaping mechanism is an one multi-cavity decompressor, and one multi-cavity decompressor comprises driving cylinder, in conjunction with cylinder, drift, piston draw back plate and piston, and piston connects the piston draw back plate, and six drifts are installed in piston draw back plate upper end;
The mould switching arrangement of parison mo(u)ld shaping mechanism and shaping mould shaping mechanism all adopts the form of parallel folding in the horizontal plane;
Bottle moving mechanism comprises rotating disk, the bottle moving arm and the mounting bracket of group plate has been installed; Bottle moving mechanism adopts two stepper-motors to drive, and two stepper-motors connect the rotating disk and the bottle moving arm that drive bottle moving mechanism respectively by band transmission synchronously.
2. a kind of six-drop individual section bottle-making machine according to claim 1 is characterized in that in the inner chamber of drift inserting the internal cooling pipe, and internal cooling Guan Yiduan and inner chamber link, the other end and cold gas body source link; The inner chamber UNICOM vacuum suction apparatus of drift.
3. a kind of six-drop individual section bottle-making machine according to claim 1 and 2 is characterized in that parison mo(u)ld and shaping mould are installed on the tong arm of mould switching arrangement; Tong arm is sleeved on one group of parallel axis of guide, an end of tong arm articulated linkage, and the hinged rocking arm of the other end of connecting rod, rocking arm connects the switch cylinder by splined shaft.
4. a kind of six-drop individual section bottle-making machine according to claim 3, it is characterized in that bottle moving mechanism comprises two groups of synchronous belt transmission devices, every group of synchronous belt transmission device comprises a big belt wheel, a small pulley and synchronous band, small pulley connects the motor shaft of stepper-motor, the power supply of stepper-motor is 24 volts of direct current safety voltages, small pulley drives big belt wheel by band connection synchronously, two big belt wheels of two groups of synchronous belt transmission devices are installed in the rotating disk main drive shaft respectively and dial on the plate servo axis, the rotating disk main drive shaft connects rotating disk, dials the plate servo axis and connects the bottle moving arm.
5. according to claim 1 or 2 or 4 described a kind of six-drop individual section bottle-making machines, it is characterized in that also comprising the crank connecting link feeding distribution mechanism, the crank connecting link feeding distribution mechanism is by stream material pipe coupling parison mo(u)ld shaping mechanism; The crank connecting link feeding distribution mechanism comprises worm reducer, and worm reducer connects first servomotor, and driving crank is set on the worm reducer, the driving crank articulated linkage, and rod hinge connection sub-material collection dress module, sub-material collection dress module is hinged on the frame; Sub-material collection dress module comprises six component material mechanisms; Feeding distribution mechanism comprises driven crank, sleeve and material wooden dipper; The middle part of driven crank is hinged on the frame, an end articulated linkage of driven crank, the other end hinged sleeve, fixing material wooden dipper on the sleeve;
6. according to claim 1 or 2 or 4 described a kind of six-drop individual section bottle-making machines, it is characterized in that also comprising the servo tipper structure, the servo tipper structure is installed between parison mo(u)ld shaping mechanism and the shaping mould shaping mechanism; The servo tipper structure comprises second servomotor and electric machine support, and second servomotor is arranged on the electric machine support, and second servomotor connects worm screw by shaft coupling, and worm and wheel is meshed; Closed case is installed on the electric machine support, and worm gear and worm screw are arranged in the closed case; Worm screw one end connects shaft coupling, and the other end is provided with manual wrench.
7. according to claim 1 or 2 or 4 described a kind of six-drop individual section bottle-making machines, it is characterized in that also comprising servo clip bottle mechanism, servo clip bottle mechanism comprises the 3rd servomotor, support and worm reducer, the 3rd servomotor is arranged on the support, the 3rd servomotor connects worm reducer by shaft coupling, cantilever mounted on the worm reducer, cantilever hinged jaw tongs bottle anchor clamps; Frame bottom is provided with lifting device.
8. the pressing and blowing production technology of a six-drop individual section bottle-making machine is characterized in that in turn including the following steps:
Step 1: sub-material;
The first driven by servomotor worm reducer drives the driving crank rotation, driving crank makes connecting rod reciprocating on level attitude, and then drive driven crank around itself and the swing of the pin joint of frame, make sleeve and fixed material wooden dipper thereof make dividing movement clocklike, the realization sub-material;
Step 2: first type;
The glass tear drop flows in the parison mo(u)ld shaping mechanism by stream material pipe, and the order of mould switching arrangement is installed in the parison mo(u)ld closure on the tong arm; The piston of one multi-cavity decompressor is upwards promoted by gas-pressure adjustable, and drift inserts in the parison mo(u)ld from bottom to top, makes bottle become type just, and after dying, piston moves down, and drift retreats to charging position;
Step 3: upset;
The mould switching arrangement order of parison mo(u)ld shaping mechanism is installed in parallel the opening of parison mo(u)ld on the tong arm, is added by the servo tipper structure and holds bottleneck bottle down type just, overturns 180 ° to the shaping mould shaping mechanism, and bottleneck up;
Step 4: moulding;
The mould switching arrangement order of shaping mould shaping mechanism is installed in the shaping mould closure on the tong arm, becomes bottle final blow molding in the shaping mould shaping mechanism of type just;
Step 5: pincers bottle;
Add the bottle of holding moulding by servo clip bottle mechanism and from the shaping mould shaping mechanism, clamp out, move on the parked plate of machine conveyor;
Step 6: bottle moving;
Bottle moving mechanism dials out to the bottle of moulding on the machine conveyor guipure.
CN2010102530790A 2010-08-16 2010-08-16 Six-drop individual section bottle-making machine and pressing and blowing production technology thereof CN101913754B (en)

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Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103043884A (en) * 2012-12-31 2013-04-17 山东省药用玻璃股份有限公司 5-6-drop production method of line-row type bottle machine
CN103531366A (en) * 2013-10-25 2014-01-22 铜陵泽辉电子有限责任公司 Multi-cavity mold for processing capacitor cardboards
CN104016570A (en) * 2014-06-20 2014-09-03 山东华鹏玻璃股份有限公司 Vacuum sucker rotator of glass formation blower
CN105110606A (en) * 2015-09-24 2015-12-02 山东三金玻璃机械有限公司 Independently adjusted row type trough support for bottle-making machine
CN105130167A (en) * 2015-08-31 2015-12-09 荆门市楚大机电有限公司 Multi-set double-dropping and double-molding rotary type individual section machine
CN105502891A (en) * 2016-01-31 2016-04-20 山东省药用玻璃股份有限公司 Multi-drop bottle-making machine
CN106277720A (en) * 2016-08-31 2017-01-04 南通科博莱工艺品有限公司 A kind of crack glass vessel bubbling machine parison mold mechanism
CN106348572A (en) * 2016-08-31 2017-01-25 南通科博莱工艺品有限公司 Cracked glassware bulb blowing machine
CN109354387A (en) * 2018-12-28 2019-02-19 山东泰山生力源玻璃有限公司 A kind of bottle pressure blows manufacture system

Cited By (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103043884A (en) * 2012-12-31 2013-04-17 山东省药用玻璃股份有限公司 5-6-drop production method of line-row type bottle machine
CN103043884B (en) * 2012-12-31 2015-09-30 山东省药用玻璃股份有限公司 Individual section machine 5-6 drips production method
CN103531366A (en) * 2013-10-25 2014-01-22 铜陵泽辉电子有限责任公司 Multi-cavity mold for processing capacitor cardboards
CN104016570A (en) * 2014-06-20 2014-09-03 山东华鹏玻璃股份有限公司 Vacuum sucker rotator of glass formation blower
CN105130167A (en) * 2015-08-31 2015-12-09 荆门市楚大机电有限公司 Multi-set double-dropping and double-molding rotary type individual section machine
CN105130167B (en) * 2015-08-31 2017-06-13 荆门市楚大机电有限公司 A kind of multigroup double drops are double into mould swinging Mechanism of I. S. Machine
CN105110606A (en) * 2015-09-24 2015-12-02 山东三金玻璃机械有限公司 Independently adjusted row type trough support for bottle-making machine
CN105110606B (en) * 2015-09-24 2017-06-16 山东三金玻璃机械有限公司 A kind of individual section machine chute support of independent adjustment
CN105502891A (en) * 2016-01-31 2016-04-20 山东省药用玻璃股份有限公司 Multi-drop bottle-making machine
CN106348572A (en) * 2016-08-31 2017-01-25 南通科博莱工艺品有限公司 Cracked glassware bulb blowing machine
CN106277720A (en) * 2016-08-31 2017-01-04 南通科博莱工艺品有限公司 A kind of crack glass vessel bubbling machine parison mold mechanism
CN106348572B (en) * 2016-08-31 2019-02-22 南通科博莱工艺品有限公司 A kind of crack glass vessel bubbling machine
CN109354387A (en) * 2018-12-28 2019-02-19 山东泰山生力源玻璃有限公司 A kind of bottle pressure blows manufacture system

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