CN101911835B - A light source - Google Patents

A light source Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101911835B
CN101911835B CN 200980102174 CN200980102174A CN101911835B CN 101911835 B CN101911835 B CN 101911835B CN 200980102174 CN200980102174 CN 200980102174 CN 200980102174 A CN200980102174 A CN 200980102174A CN 101911835 B CN101911835 B CN 101911835B
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China
Prior art keywords
lighting
controller
element
light source
light
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CN 200980102174
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Chinese (zh)
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CN101911835A (en
Inventor
G·W·范德文
P·戴克希勒
C·J·雅林克
P·斯塔弗斯
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皇家飞利浦电子股份有限公司
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Priority to EP08150254.4 priority Critical
Priority to EP08150254 priority
Application filed by 皇家飞利浦电子股份有限公司 filed Critical 皇家飞利浦电子股份有限公司
Priority to PCT/IB2009/050121 priority patent/WO2009090601A1/en
Publication of CN101911835A publication Critical patent/CN101911835A/en
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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H05ELECTRIC TECHNIQUES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • H05BELECTRIC HEATING; ELECTRIC LIGHTING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • H05B37/00Circuit arrangements for electric light sources in general
    • H05B37/02Controlling
    • H05B37/0209Controlling the instant of the ignition or of the extinction
    • H05B37/0245Controlling the instant of the ignition or of the extinction by remote-control involving emission and detection units
    • H05B37/0254Controlling the instant of the ignition or of the extinction by remote-control involving emission and detection units linked via data bus transmission

Abstract

具有多个照明元件(207)和用于控制照明元件的控制系统的光源。 Having a plurality of lighting elements (207) and a light source control system controlling the lighting element. 所述控制系统包括多个照明元件控制器(213),每个照明元件控制器连接到相应的照明元件(207),并被安置为获取照明元件数据;该控制系统还包括通过光源总线(209)连接到照明元件控制器(213)的总线接口(203)。 The control system comprises a plurality of light element controllers (213), each light element controller is connected to the corresponding lighting elements (207), and arranged to obtain light element data; The control system further comprises a light source through a bus (209 ) is connected to the light element controllers (213) bus interface (203). 该总线接口(203)向照明元件控制器(213)提供通用命令,并且所述照明元件控制器基于所述通用命令和所述照明元件数据产生照明元件驱动信号。 The bus interface (203) provides general commands to the light element controller (213), and the controller generates an illumination element lighting element drive signals based on the general command and said light element data.

Description

一种光源 A light source

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明涉及一种具有多个照明元件和用于控制所述多个照明元件的控制系统的光源。 [0001] The present invention relates to a light source having a plurality of lighting elements and a control system for controlling said plurality of lighting elements.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 传统的光源示意性地示于图1。 [0002] The conventional light sources, shown schematically in FIG. 其具有多个照明元件,如RGB元件107 ;也就是产生红光的元件、产生绿光的元件、产生蓝光的元件。 Having a plurality of lighting elements, such as RGB elements 107; i.e. generate red component, the green light generating element that generates blue light component. 当组合照明元件107时能提供任何所需的发射光颜色。 As can provide any desired color light emitting element 107 is a combined illumination. 为了获得所需的、发射光的颜色或特性(其通常被定义为色点),控制系统被包括在光源101中。 To achieve the desired color characteristics or light emission (which is typically defined as color point), the control system 101 is included in the light source.

[0003] 控制系统的主要部分是光源控制器103,其为所有的照明元件107计算单个驱动信号,并将该单个驱动信号馈送到单个照明元件107,更具体地是馈送到单个照明元件的驱动器105。 [0003] The main portion of the control system is a light source controller 103, which all lighting elements 107 calculates individual drive signals, and feeds the individual drive signals to the single lighting element 107, and more specifically fed to a single lighting element drive 105. 这通过光源总线109来实现,其中光源控制器103连续地寻址照明元件107。 This is achieved by a light source bus 109, wherein the light source controller 103 consecutively addressable lighting element 107. 该控制器的功耗比较高,因为它与持续开启的(简单)电脑不相上下。 The power consumption of the controller is relatively high, because it stays on par with (simple) computer.

[0004] 现有技术光源的例子公开在US 5544037中,其中照明元件被分配成组并被提供组地址。 Examples [0004] In the prior art US 5544037 discloses a light source in which the lighting elements are assigned to a group and group address provided. 控制接收器连接到每个光源以对其进行控制,并且控制传输器传输依组地址被寻址的命令到控制接收器。 The control receiver is connected to each light source to be controlled, and controls the transmitter transmits the group address is addressed by the control command to the receiver.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0005] 本发明的目的在于提供其中控制系统具有降低的功耗的光源。 [0005] The object of the present invention to provide a light source wherein the control system has a reduced power consumption.

[0006] 该目的通过根据本发明的如下所定义的光源来实现。 [0006] This object is achieved by a light source in accordance with the present invention as defined in the following.

[0007] 本发明是基于这样一个见解,即控制器的分布式网络相对于集中的结构而言是节能的。 [0007] The present invention is based on the insight that a distributed network of controllers relative to the concentration of the energy-saving structure.

[0008] 因此,根据本发明的一个方面,提供具有多个照明元件和用于控制所述多个照明元件的控制系统的光源。 [0008] Thus, according to one aspect of the present invention, there is provided a light source having a plurality of lighting elements and a control system for controlling said plurality of lighting elements. 该控制系统包括: The control system comprises:

[0009]-多个照明元件控制器,每个连接到所述照明元件中相应的一个,并设置为获取照明元件数据;以及 [0009] - a plurality of light element controllers, each connected to a respective one of the lighting element, and arranged to obtain light element data; and

[0010]-总线接口,其通过光源总线连接到所述照明元件控制器,其中所述总线接口设置为向所述照明元件控制器提供通用命令,其中所述照明元件控制器设置为基于所述通用命令和所述照明元件数据生成照明元件驱动信号; [0010] - a bus interface, which is connected to said light element controllers via a light source bus, wherein said bus interface to provide a generic command set to said light element controllers, wherein said light element controllers is provided based on the general command and said light element data generating lighting element driving signal;

[0011]-连接到所述照明元件控制器及连接到所述感测器接口的同步发生器。 [0011] - connected to the synchronous generator connected to said light element controllers and to said sensor interface.

[0012] 通过分散计算功能,总线接口的结构被简化为最简单的一种,并不需要为每个照明元件计算单个驱动信号。 [0012] calculation function, the bus interface by dispersing structure is reduced to a most simple one, it does not need to calculate individual drive signals for each of the lighting elements. 因此,频率要求可大为降低。 Thus, the frequency requirements can be greatly reduced. 此外,每个单个照明元件控制器仅需为单一的照明元件执行计算,与现有技术的中央控制器相比这也是一个很大的缓解。 Further, each individual light element controller only need to perform calculations single illumination element, which is a great compared with the central controller mitigation prior art. 这通常也意味着,控制器的供应电压可以降低。 This usually also means that the supply voltage of the controller can be reduced. 尽管控制器的数量成倍增加,所提及的区别于现有技术的变化导致总功耗降低。 Although the number of controllers multiplied, and the proposed change is different from the prior art lead to lower overall power consumption. 应当指出,“照明元件”可理解为单一的光发射器,这是典型的情况,也可理解为同时被驱动的、即被同一驱动信号驱动的一组光发射器。 It should be noted, "Lighting element" is understood a single light emitter, which is the typical case, it is understood to be driven simultaneously, i.e. a group of the same driving signal for driving the light emitter. [0013] 此外,在光源总线上传输的数据量急剧下降。 [0013] In addition, a sharp decline in the amount of data transmitted light source bus.

[0014] 按照本发明的一种实施方式,光源总线设为广播模式。 [0014] According to one embodiment of the present invention, the light source bus is set in broadcast mode. 该实施方式的优点是,通用命令在一次操作中简便地广播给所有照明元件。 An advantage of this embodiment is that the general command in one operation and easily broadcast to all lighting elements. 例如,这可与现有技术的单独寻址比较,在现有技术中为了传输一条命令到光源内所有N个照明元件,发出命令的频率必须是N倍高。 For example, this can be compared with the prior art individual addressing, in the prior art in order to transmit a command to all N light elements within illumination, issuing the command must be N times higher frequency. 此外,在现有技术的光源中,光源总线要传输地址和复杂的数据信息二者,而根据该实施方式,光源总线只传输简单的数据信息。 Further, the light source in the prior art, both the source address bus to transfer data and complex information, according to this embodiment, the light source bus transfers only simple data information.

[0015] 按照本发明的一种实施方式,控制器可以单独被关断。 [0015] According to one embodiment of the present invention, the controller may be individually turned off. 举例来说,只要一个或更多的颜色不是正在被使用就可以这样做。 For example, as long as one or more colors it is not being used to do so. 这更减少了功率消耗。 This reduces power consumption even more.

[0016] 按照本发明的一种实施方式,总体照明设置被从总线接口发送到照明元件控制器。 [0016] The overall lighting settings is transmitted in accordance with one embodiment of the present invention from the bus interface to the light element controllers. 这是根据本发明的分布式控制器结构的典型的和有利的使用。 This is a typical and advantageous use of the distributed controller structure according to the invention. 例如,照明设置可以是色点、饱和度、色调和/或亮度。 For example, the color point of the illumination may be provided, saturation, hue and / or brightness.

[0017] 按照本发明的一种实施方式,每个照明元件控制器具有照明元件存储。 [0017] According to one embodiment of the present invention, each light element controller has a lighting element stores. 照明元件数据可以预存或/和在光源工作期间从外部源接收。 Light element data can be prestored or / and received from an external source during light work.

[0018] 按照本发明的一种实施方式,符号标签用作简单的手段用以当发送通用命令时获得某种程度的选择。 [0018] According to one embodiment of the present invention, symbol tag as simple means for sending a generic command obtained when some degree of choice. 但是,依什么类型的符号标签包含在命令中,可以选择从一个没有到所有照明元件中的任何形式。 However, depending on what type of symbol tag is included in the command may be selected from any form without all lighting elements.

[0019] 按照本发明的一种实施方式,如果照明元件内部状态改变,则每个照明元件控制器能重新定义相关联的符号标签。 [0019] According to one embodiment of the present invention, if the lighting element to change the internal state, each light element controller is able to redefine an associated symbol tag.

[0020] 此外,根据本发明,提供一种包括大量光源的照明设备。 [0020] Further, according to the present invention, there is provided a lighting apparatus comprising a light source of a lot. 包括在照明设备中的照明设备控制器,传送通用命令到光源的总线接口。 Luminaire controller comprises an illumination device in transmitted light the general command to the bus interface.

[0021] 按照本发明的一种实施方式,照明设备控制器包括效果转译器,效果转译器被设置为接收体验数据并将其转译成至少一种效果,所述效果继而实现为一系列的一条或多条通用命令。 [0021] According to one embodiment of the present invention, luminaire controller comprises an effect translator, effects translator is arranged to receive experience data and translate it into at least one transfer effect, then the effect is implemented as a series of one or more common command bar. 体验数据涉及到照明设备的用户所应该感受到的作为光源的输出结果的体验,比如柔和的夜间光线、黑夜、明亮的工作光线等。 Experience data relates to an illumination device user should feel the result of the experience as an output light source, such as soft evening light, darkness, bright working light, etc. 效果与光源的设置有关,如调光、闪烁、发出特别颜色的光等。 For the light source of the effects, such as dimming, flashing, emitting light of specific color and the like.

[0022] 按照本发明的一种实施方式,照明设备控制器也有符号标签解释器,所述解释器以与光源的总线接口中的符号标签解释器类似的方式工作。 [0022] According to one embodiment of the present invention, luminaire controller has a symbol tag interpreter, the interpreter to work with the bus interface of the light source symbol tag interpreter in a similar manner.

[0023] 此外,根据本发明,提供了一种照明设备系统,该照明设备系统包括几个照明设备和连接到照明设备的系统控制器。 [0023] Further, according to the present invention, there is provided a lighting system, the lighting system comprises several lighting apparatus and a lighting device connected to the system controller. 系统控制器发送关于上述体验的输出数据到照明设备控制器。 The system controller sends output data of the above experience to the luminaire controllers.

[0024] 按照本发明的一种实施方式,输出数据是单个的体验命令,其被寻址到所选择的单个照明设备。 [0024] According to one embodiment of the present invention, the output data is individual experience commands, which are addressed to selected individual lighting apparatus. 在这个级别上进行寻址的功耗并不高,当存在应该被区别地设置的照明设备时所述寻址是有利的。 Addressing power consumption at this level is not high, when the present lighting device should be differently set the addressing is advantageous. 但是,另一方面,在另一实施方式中,输出数据被广播到照明设备,这种在同一时间发送相同的命令到几个照明设备是一种有效的方式。 However, on the other hand, in another embodiment, the broadcast data is output to the lighting device, which transmits the same command to several at the same time the illumination device is an effective way.

[0025] 按照本发明的一种实施方式,系统控制器具有符号标签生成器,符号标签生成器生成在上述提到的系统中被处理的符号标签。 [0025] According to one embodiment of the present invention, the system controller has a symbol tag generator, a symbol tag generator generates symbol tags in the system mentioned above are processed.

[0026] 总体上,本发明特征在于用于照明系统的控制器。 [0026] In general, the invention features a controller for a lighting system. 命令接收电路被设计为接收照明命令消息。 Command receiving circuitry designed to receive lighting command messages. 所述消息的格式包括标签值和指令值,标签值指定该消息被引导向的照明装置的物理属性。 The format of the message includes a tag value and an instruction value, the tag value specifies a physical attribute of the lighting device to which the message is directed. 指令值指定该消息被引导向的照明装置应采取的行动。 Command value specifies the message is directed to mobile illumination apparatus to be taken. 命令接收电路有标签比较电路,比较电路被设计为检测其标签值对应于照明装置的消息。 Command receiving circuitry has tag comparison circuit, the comparison circuit is designed to detect the tag value corresponds to the lighting device message. 照明装置控制电路被设计为接受具有被检测到的相应标签值的消息的指令值,并且作为响应输出用于控制照明装置的照明元件的指令值。 The lighting device controlling circuitry being designed to accept message having a tag value corresponding to the detected value of the command, and as a response to an output instruction for controlling lighting elements of the lighting device value.

[0027] 总体上,在第二个方面,本发明特征在于用于照明系统的控制器。 [0027] In general, in a second aspect, the invention features a controller for a lighting system. 命令接收电路被设计为接收照明命令消息。 Command receiving circuitry designed to receive lighting command messages. 所述消息的格式包括指定将被消息所导向到的照明装置诱导出的人类情绪体验的指令值。 The message format includes specifying a message to be induced by the lighting device to guide a human emotional experience command value. 照明装置控制电路被设计为接受具有被检测到的相应标签值的消息的指令值,并且作为响应将情绪体验转译为用于控制照明装置的照明元件的特定等级值。 The lighting device controlling circuitry being designed to accept message having a tag value corresponding to the detected value of the command, and in response to the emotional experience translates into specific rating values ​​for controlling lighting elements of the lighting device.

[0028] 本发明实施方式可包括一个或多个下列特征。 [0028] Embodiments of the invention may include one or more of the following features. 可有多个照明元件控制器,每个连接到所述照明元件中相应的一个。 There may be a plurality of light element controllers, each connected to a respective one of the lighting element. 至少某些照明元件控制器可包括包含有针对照明元件的存储的校准数据的照明元件数据存储器。 At least some of the light element controllers may include a light element data memory for storing the calibration data in the lighting element comprises. 可以用广播模式发送消息。 Message may be sent using a broadcast mode. 存储电路可以被设计为存储与照明元件相关的校准数据,照明元件控制电路可被进一步设计为基于所述校准数据产生照明元件驱动信号。 The memory circuit may be designed to store calibration data relating to the illumination element, the illumination element control circuit may be further designed to generate the calibration data element drive signal based on the illumination. 标签指定的属性可以是照明装置的位置或照明装置的功能。 Tag specifies the location attribute may be a function of the lighting device or lighting device. 照明装置可通过几种不同类型的标签被标记。 The lighting device may be labeled by several different types of tags. 照明元件可是固态光源或LED。 However, solid state light lighting element or LED. 照明元件控制器可以在开和关状态间单独切换。 Individual light element controllers may switch between on and off states. 指令可以包括颜色设置。 The instructions may include color settings. 照明元件控制器可包括状态监测器,如果照明元件内部状态改变,状态监测器能够重新定义所述至少一个符号标签。 Light element controllers may include state monitors, if the internal lighting element to change state, condition monitor to redefine said at least one symbol tag. 所述控制器除了标签指定之外可以有地址,并且可以通过命令向所述控制器发出命令。 The controller may be specified in addition to the address tag, and may issue a command to the controller by command. 所述控制器可以是照明设备控制器、房间控制器或建筑物控制器。 The controller may be a luminaire controller, a room controller or a building controller.

[0029] 参照本文后面所述的实施方式,这些和其它方面、特征、以及本发明的优点将是显而易见的并将被阐述。 [0029] with reference to embodiments later herein, these and other aspects, features, and advantages of the invention will be apparent from and elucidated.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0030] 参考附图,将对本发明进行详细的描述,其中: [0030] Referring to the drawings, the present invention will be described in detail, wherein:

[0031] 图1是现有技术光源的示意图; [0031] FIG. 1 is a schematic diagram of the prior art light source;

[0032] 图2是根据本发明光源的一个实施方式的框图; [0032] FIG. 2 is a block diagram of one embodiment of a light source of the present invention;

[0033] 图3是根据本发明照明系统的一个实施方式的框图; [0033] FIG. 3 is a block diagram of an illumination system according to one embodiment of the present invention;

[0034] 图4是照明系统的一个实施方式的框图; [0034] FIG. 4 is a block diagram of one embodiment of the illumination system;

[0035] 图5是图4照明系统中的照明设备的一部分的框图; [0035] FIG. 5 is a block diagram of a portion of the illumination device 4 of the illumination system of FIG;

[0036] 图6是示例性的建筑物照明系统的框图; [0036] FIG. 6 is a block diagram of an exemplary lighting system of the building;

[0037] 图7是照明系统的一个实施方式的框图; [0037] FIG. 7 is a block diagram of one embodiment of the illumination system;

[0038] 图8是图7的照明设备控制器的一部分的框图; [0038] FIG. 8 is a block diagram of a portion of FIG. 7, the controller of the lighting device;

[0039] 图9是照明系统的一个实施方式的框图;以及 [0039] FIG. 9 is a block diagram of one embodiment of an illumination system; and

[0040] 图10是照明设备的一个实施方式的框图。 [0040] FIG. 10 is a block diagram of one embodiment of the lighting device.

具体实施方式 Detailed ways

[0041] 参照图2,是光源201的实施方式,其包括照明元件207、照明元件驱动器205和用于控制照明元件的控制系统。 [0041] Referring to FIG. 2, the embodiment is a light source 201, which includes a lighting device 207, an illumination element driver 205 and a control system for controlling the lighting element. 所述控制系统包括通过光源总线209连接到多个照明元件控制器(LECTRL.)213的总线接口(BUS IF) 203。 The control system comprises a controller connected to a plurality of lighting elements (LECTRL.) 213 bus interface (BUS IF) 203 through the light source bus 209. 所述控制器213用于致使光源201发射出具有所需要特性的光线,所需特性例如关于颜色和强度。 The controller 213 causes the light source 201 for emitting light in need issued characteristic, for example on the desired characteristics of color and intensity. 光源总线设成广播模式,这意味着从总线接口203的输出被同时发送到所有照明元件控制器213。 The light source bus is set to broadcast mode, which means that the bus is transmitted from the output interface 203 simultaneously to all light element controllers 213.

[0042] 每个照明元件控制器213连接到照明元件207的驱动器205。 [0042] Each light element controller 213 is connected to the illumination element 207 driver 205. 在示出的实施方式中有几个照明元件207,每个都具有三种不同的颜色即红(R)、绿(G)和蓝色(B)中的每一种,每种颜色的一个照明元件207示于图2中。 There are several lighting elements in the embodiment illustrated 207, each having three different colors, i.e., red (R), green (G) and blue (B) each one of each color of a lighting element 207 is shown in FIG. 2. 例如,照明元件207是LED,但任何固态照明(SSL)元件包含在本发明的范围内。 For example, the illumination element 207 an LED, but any solid state lighting (SSL) element included within the scope of the present invention. 此外,该发明适用于传统光源(TL、HID等)和具有可控照明元件的混合光源。 Furthermore, the invention is applicable to conventional light sources (TL, HID, etc.) and the hybrid light source having a controllable lighting elements. 每个照明元件控制器213具有存储器214,其中存储有针对照明元件207的照明元件数据,如峰值波长、光通量和温度特性。 Each light element controller 213 has a memory 214 having stored therein data for illumination element lighting element 207, such as peak wavelength, flux and temperature characteristics. 照明元件数据被预存在存储器214中,并源于LED编码和LED-制造数据。 Light element data is prestored in the memory 214, and encoding and LED- LED from manufacturing data. 此外,还可能通过外部数据输入215更新存储的照明元件数据,存储器一开始可以是空的,首次需要时加载有照明元件数据。 Moreover, external data may be input by illumination element 215 update the stored data, the memory may initially be empty, loaded with the first data element lighting when required. 作为可选的实施方式,照明元件控制器213直接从或是在光源外部或是在光源内部的另一个源获得照明元件数据,而不是从存储器214获取照明元件数据。 As an alternative embodiment, the light element controller 213 or obtained directly from the light element data in an external light source or another light source inside, rather than lighting elements 214 acquires data from the memory.

[0043] 根据本发明的光源201的优点是,由于控制功能是分布的并且光源总线209运行在广播模式下,光源很容易扩展。 [0043] An advantage of the present invention, the light source 201 is, since the control function is distributed and the light source bus 209 operating in broadcast mode, the light source can easily be extended. 换句话说,很容易增加照明元件,而不必对任何总线接口203重新编程,等等。 In other words, it is easy to increase the lighting elements, 203 without having to reprogram any bus interface, and the like. 从下面容易看出,在更高级别上尤为强调可扩展性,例如照明设备有几个光源或照明系统有几个照明设备。 Readily apparent from the following, scalability is particularly emphasized on a higher level, for example, the illumination device has several light sources or illumination systems have several lighting devices. 因此,照明系统有利地模块化了。 Thus, the illumination system is advantageously modular.

[0044] 光源的控制操作如下。 [0044] The light source control operates as follows. 总线接口203广播通常包括针对照明元件207的总体照明设置的通用命令到照明元件控制器213。 Broadcast bus interface 203 typically comprises a generic command for general lighting illumination element 207 is provided to the lighting device controller 213. 每个照明元件控制器213具有针对其所连接到的照明元件207计算特定的驱动信号数据的功能。 Each light element controller 213 has a calculating specific drive signal data for its connection to the lighting element 207 functions. 因此,基于照明元件通过照明元件总线209接收到的通用命令和从存储器214读取的照明元件数据,每个照明元件控制器213接着针对与其所连接到的特定照明元件确定单独的驱动信号,并将该驱动信号施加到照明元件驱动器205。 Thus, the illumination element 209 based on the common command received through the bus and the lighting element light element data read from the memory 214, each light element controller 213 then determines for a specific lighting element to which it is connected to a separate drive signals, and the driving signal is applied to the illumination element driver 205. 照明元件驱动器205相应地接着设置去往照明元件207的驱动电流。 Lighting element driver 205 then sets the drive current corresponding lighting element 207 destined. 更具体地说,如本领域技术人员已知的,优选地将矩阵计算应用于将照明设置转换成经调制的驱动电流,该电流被馈送到照明元件207。 More specifically, as known to the skilled person, preferably matrix calculation to convert the illumination provided to the modulated driving current, the current is supplied to the illumination element 207. 驱动照明元件207的方法,即调制它们的驱动电流,可以是任何已知的或未来的方法,如驱动电流的PWM,即脉冲宽度调制、AM、FM、PCM等。 The method of driving the lighting elements 207, i.e. modulating their drive currents, can be any known or future method, the PWM driving current, i.e. Pulse Width Modulation, AM, FM, PCM, etc.

[0045] 由于总线接口203是“哑的”,也就是说,它无需用于执行计算的计算功能,其结构可做得非常简单。 [0045] Since the bus interface 203 is a "dumb", that is, it does not have the function for calculating performing calculations, the structure can be made very simple. 进一步,它仅用于广播命令,这意味着它也不需要有任何寻址功能。 Further, it is only for broadcast command, which means it does not need any addressing. 控制器“智能”已被移入每个单独的照明元件控制器213。 Controller "smart" has been moved into each individual light element controller 213. 但由于每个照明元件控制器213仅需为与它直接相连的单一的照明元件服务,与现有技术的光源控制器103相比,对它的性能需求明显降低了。 However, since each light element controller 213 only needs to be a single lighting element directly connected with the service, as compared with the prior art light source controller 103, its performance requirements significantly reduced. 至于总线接口203,例如,相比于现有技术的光源控制器103而言其以较低的电压水平管理,如1.5V的供应电压而不是2.5V。 As bus interface 203, e.g., as compared to prior art light source controller 103 in terms of its management at a lower voltage level, such as 1.5V supply voltage instead of 2.5V. 照明元件控制器213也可被供应1.5V。 Light element controllers 213 can be supplied 1.5V. 应该指出,这仅是实际实施的非限制性的例子。 It should be noted that this is the only non-limiting examples of practical implementation. 此外,相较于现有技术光源,所必需的是大幅降低的总线速度或时钟频率,而总线位宽度也可以降低,这也降低了功耗和结构的复杂性。 Moreover, compared to the prior art light source, the necessary speed or clock frequency of the bus is significantly reduced, and the bit width of the bus can be reduced, which also reduces the power consumption and the complexity of the structure.

[0046] 完整的照明系统由许多光源组成,可视为结构化成几个级别。 [0046] The complete lighting system consists of many light sources composed, it can be regarded as structured in several levels. 将光源视为特定的级别。 The light source as a specific level. 则在一个更高的级别,有包括多个光源的照明设备,并且在更高的级别有包括多个照明设备的照明设备系统,如图3和4所示。 Then at a higher level, an illumination device comprises a plurality of light sources, illumination devices and illumination system comprises a plurality of devices at a higher level, as shown in Figures 3 and 4. 照明设备系统级别通常是房间级别,甚至是建筑物级别。 Lighting system level is usually room level, or even a building level.

[0047] 因此,在照明设备系统的一种实施方式,图3中的照明设备系统301包括房间控制器,或建筑物控制器302,它通过系统总线304连接到几个照明设备303、313。 [0047] Thus, in one embodiment of the luminaire system, lighting system 301 in FIG. 3 comprises a room controller, or building controller 302, which is connected to several lighting devices 303 and 313 via a system bus 304. 更具体地,房间控制器302连接到每个照明设备303、313的照明设备控制器305、315。 More specifically, the room controller 302 is connected to a luminaire controller 305, 303, 313 of each lighting device. 每个照明设备控制器305、315进而通过照明设备总线311、321连接至多个光源307、317的总线接口。 Each luminaire controller 305, 315 is in turn connected to a plurality of light sources 307, 317 via bus interface luminaire bus 311, 321. 光源307,317具有如上所述的相同的结构。 The light source 307, 317 has the same structure as described above. 照明设备控制器305、315被设置为将通用命令广播到光源307、317,光源负责以如上所述的方式处理该通用命令。 Luminaire controller 305, 315 is arranged to broadcast general commands to the light source 307, 317, the light source is responsible for the general manner described above command. 在图2中照明设备控制器也以虚线在211示出,它连接到总线接口203。 Also shown in phantom at 211 in FIG. 2 in a luminaire controller, which is connected to the bus interface 203. 每个照明设备305、315进而接收来自房间控制器302的输入数据。 Further each luminaire 305, 315 receive input data from the room controller 302. 该输入数据呈高度抽象的形式并被称为体验数据或体验命令。 The input data is highly abstract form called experience data, or experience and command. 体验的例子已经在上面结合发明内容给出,更多的例子有“冷水”、“浪漫”、“宴会”等。 Examples of experience has been combined SUMMARY given above, there are more examples of "cold water", "romantic", "party" and so on. 例如,已知的飞利浦的amBX(环境体验)协议,如在由飞利浦公司发行的杂志amBIENT中所述的,可用来描述体验。 For example, Philips known amBX (ambient experience) protocol, as described in Journal of amBIENT issued by Philips, the experience can be used to describe. 在最高级别,房间控制器302有用户界面,照明系统的用户通过用户界面从可获得的体验列表中选择所需的体验。 At the highest level, room 302 controller user has a user interface, lighting system to select the desired experience from a list of available experience through the user interface. 可选地或另外,房间控制器302是可编程的,使得用户有可能定义个人的体验。 Alternatively or additionally, the room controller 302 is programmable, so that the user is possible to define personal experiences. 或者,用户界面也有无线输入。 Alternatively, the user interface has a wireless input. 当从房间控制器302接收到输入,每个照明设备控制器305、315通过效果转译器309、319将体验命令转译为效果。 When the controller 302 receives an input from a room, each luminaire controller 305, 315 through 309, 319 will experience the effect of the command translator translates into effect. 为此功能,照明设备控制器305、315保持预存储在其内存的转译数据。 This function, luminaire controller 305, 315 to maintain a pre-translation data stored in its memory. 结果,照明设备控制器309,319向光源307、317发送一条通用命令或一串通用命令。 Consequently, luminaire controller 309, 319 sends a command to the light source 307, 317 or generic series of general commands. 这意味着,效果作为总体照明设置实现,并且为了实现效果,需要在时间上分隔开的、几种不同的照明设置。 This means that, as the overall effect is to achieve illumination setting, and in order to achieve the effect, it is necessary to separate in time, several different illumination settings. 例如,一种体验可要求在不同的颜色间重复变换,该重复变换一直继续直到房间控制器302命令另一种体验。 For example, an experience may require repeated conversion between different colors, which is repeated until the conversion is continued room controller command 302 experiences another.

[0048] 在照明设备系统301可选的实施方式中,系统总线设置为寻址模式,而不是广播模式。 [0048] In the luminaire system 301 of the alternative embodiment, the addressing mode is set to the system bus, instead of broadcast mode. 也就是说,房间控制器302利用单独的照明设备地址向一个或多个选定的照明设备305,315发送体验命令。 That is, the room controller 302 sends experience commands to one or more selected luminaries 305, 315 with a separate lighting device address.

[0049] 此外,如将在下面解释的,参考图4和图5,本发明包括使用标签。 [0049] Furthermore, as will be explained in the following, with reference to FIGS. 4 and 5, the present invention includes the use of tags. 在采用符号标签的照明设备系统401中,房间控制器402发送被标记有一个符号标签或多个符号标签的体验命令。 In the luminaire system 401 uses the symbol tags, the room controller 402 sends experience commands is tagged with a symbol tag or a plurality of symbol tags. 符号标签用作命令的限定符。 Symbol tag for a command qualifier. 多个符号标签可以附加到单一的命令。 A plurality of symbol tags can be attached to a single command. 另外,连接到系统总线404的多个照明设备控制器405、415可响应于相同的符号标签。 Further, a system bus connected to the plurality of illumination devices 405, 415 of the controller 404 in response to the same symbol tag. 可能的选择是使用致使所有照明设备控制器405、415进行响应的特殊的符号标签,以及使用致使没有一个控制器405、415进行响应的特殊的符号标签。 Possible choice is to use a special symbol tag causing all luminaire controllers 405, 415 to respond, and the use of a controller 405, 415 so that no special symbol tag response. 后者对于诊断目的将是有用的。 The latter would be useful for diagnostic purposes. 每个照明设备控制器405、415有符号标签解释器406、416,解释器能够解释符号标签并能检查照明设备405、415是否有相应的活跃符号标签。 Each luminaire controller 405, 415 has a symbol tag interpreter 406, 416, symbol tag interpreter capable of interpreting and to check whether the lighting apparatus 405, 415 has a corresponding active symbol tag. 如果答案是肯定的,体验命令被接受并被处理。 If the answer is yes, the experience command is accepted and processed. 当体验命令使得照明设备405、415通过照明设备总线411、421向照明设备403、413的光源407,417发送一条或多条通用命令,该通用命令也包括符号标签。 When the lighting device 405, 415 that experience commands 411, 421 transmits a command bar or general lighting source 407, 417 to 403, 413 by the lighting device bus, the command also includes the generic symbol tag. 每个光源407、417的总线接口包括标签解释器408、418,所述解释器以与照明设备405、415的标签解释器类似的方式解释附着于每个通用命令的符号标签。 Bus interface of each light source 407, 417 includes a tag interpreter 408, 418, the interpreter with the lighting apparatus of the tag interpreter 405, 415 in an analogous manner symbol tag attached to each general command.

[0050] 标签解释器501的一个实施方式包括存储在照明设备控制器存储器中的多个活跃的符号标签505A.T.UA.T.2、...ATN。 One embodiment of [0050] the tag interpreter 501 comprises a plurality of active symbol tags stored in the luminaire controller 505A.T.UA.T.2 memory, ... ATN. 传入命令的符号标签从标签总线511上、在标签解释器501处被接收,并被馈送到多个比较元件507,每个存储位置一个符号标签,每个存储位置保持一个符号标签或者是空的但被保留给符号标签,所述符号标签可以是活跃的或去活的。 Incoming commands symbol tag, the tag is received from the bus 511 in the tag interpreter 501, and fed to a plurality of comparison elements 507, one symbol tag each storage location, each storage location holding a label or sign is empty but is reserved symbol tag, the symbol tag may be active or deactivated. 比较元件507每个输出逻辑I或O到OR-门510,OR-门连同比较元件507被包括在比较器单元509中。 Each output logic comparing element 507 to the I or O OR- gates 510, OR- gate element together with the comparator 507 is included in the comparison unit 509. 如果接收到的符号标签与存储的活跃的符号标签(或多个标签)505之间出现任何匹配,OR-门510经由启用连接515输出逻辑I到命令解释器503,命令解释器从而被启用并解释在命令总线513上收到的命令。 If the active symbol tag received symbol tag and the stored (or tags) any match occurs between 505, OR- gate 510 is enabled via the output 515 is connected to logical I command interpreter 503, command interpreter so as to be enabled and interprets the commands on the command bus 513 received. 通过使用符号标签的方式,总线可以设为广播模式,而仍然获得选择性的通信。 By way of the use of symbol tags, the bus can be set to broadcast mode, while selective communication is still obtained.

[0051] 参照图6,作为一个应用实例,假设如上所述的建筑物/房间控制器302或402用作建筑物控制器603用于控制具有多个房间605、607、609的整体建筑物的照明系统601。 [0051] Referring to Figure 6, as an application example, as described above assuming building / room controller 302 or 402 is used as a building controller 603 for controlling the whole building having a plurality of rooms 605,607,609 The illumination system 601. 则在每个房间的子照明系统包括连接到建筑物控制器603的房间控制器605a、607a、609a和如上面解释的分别连接到房间控制器605a、607a、609a的至少一个照明设备605b,c、607b、609b, c,d。 Connected to the building controller 603 comprises a room controller of each room a sub lighting system 605a, 607a, 609a, and as explained above are connected to the room controller 605a, 607a, 605b 609a least one lighting device is, c , 607b, 609b, c, d. 建筑物控制器603用于数据的输入,其中所述数据对整个系统是共用的,所述数据在适当的时候被分发到房间控制器605a、607a、609a。 Building controller 603 for inputting data, wherein said data is common to the whole system, the data is distributed at the appropriate time to the room controller 605a, 607a, 609a. 可选地,单个房间数据也通过建筑物控制器603输入,然后接着被分发到相关的房间控制器605a、607a或609a。 Alternatively, individual room data is also input via the building controller 603 and then distributed to the relevant room controller 605a, 607a or 609a.

[0052] 此外,假设使用其中采用了符号标签的实施方式,以及假设个人设置已经被编程入系统。 [0052] Further, it is assumed that the embodiment which uses a symbol tag, and assuming that personal settings have been programmed into the system. 此外,在这个例子中,利用了房间控制器605a、607a、609a的无线输入,优选地是无线电输入。 Further, in this example, use of the room controller 605a, the wireless input 607a, 609a, preferably a radio input. 当具有存储在照明系统601中的个人数据的个人进入房间605时,他/她的保持在无线通信单元中的标识(ID)被无线地发送到房间控制器605a的无线输入。 When 605 individuals with personal data stored in the lighting system 601 into the room, his / her identity is maintained in the wireless communication unit (ID) is transmitted wirelessly to the wireless input of the room controller 605a. 该ID信号在房间照明系统601的符号标签解释器中安装或激活该个人的私人符号标签。 The ID signal install or activate an individual's personal symbol tag of the room lighting system 601 in the symbol tag interpreter. 建筑物控制器603继而广播附带有该个人的符号标签的个人照明设置。 Building controller 603 then broadcasts the lighting settings included with personal symbol tag of the person. 仅有所述个人目前所在的房间605与符号标签相匹配。 The 605 room only with personal symbol tag matches the current location. 照明设备605a、605b等的照明设备控制器致使光源按照所述个人的照明设置发射光。 Lighting apparatus 605a, 605b, etc. lighting controller causes the light emitting illumination provided according to the individual source. 当所述个人离开房间605时,他/她的个人符号标签从所述特定房间的房间照明系统的符号标签解释器中移除。 When the individual leaves the room 605 his / her personal symbol tag is removed from the symbol tag interpreters of the room lighting system in a particular room. 因此,个人偏好的照明设置跟随着所述的个人而遍游整个建筑物,无需中央控制器如建筑物控制器603知道所述的个人实际上在哪里。 Therefore, the personal preferences of lighting settings follow the personal and traveled throughout the building without a central controller such as a building controller 603 of the individuals actually know where it is. 因此,ID和相应的符号标签的安装和移除是局部的、受房间约束的交互作用。 Thus, ID, and the corresponding symbol tag installation and removal are local, room bound by interaction.

[0053] 优选的个人照明设置可与个人的状态例如浪漫、年龄(例如较为明亮的光线以弥补减弱的视力)以及活动性有关,例如当个人在游戏机上在玩游戏时,照明直接与发生在游戏中的事件和环境等相关联。 [0053] Preferred individual illumination settings and personal conditions such as romantic, age (e.g., brighter light to compensate for reduced vision) and activity-related, such as when an individual on the gaming machine playing a game, the illumination directly occurs game and other associated events and environments.

[0054] 参照图7,照明网络和照明设备系统中的控制器采用标签来指定应当对控制消息进行响应的那些照明设备100、102。 [0054] Referring to FIG 7, a lighting network and a controller in a luminaire system employ tags to specify those of the lighting device 100, 102 should be performed in response to the control message. 中央控制器110,例如针对房间里的照明设备100、102的控制器,发送被标记有一个或多个符号标签124的消息122。 Central controller 110, for example, room lighting controller 100, 102, the transmission is marked with one or more symbol tags 124 of messages 122. 每个符号标签124充当消息122的限定符,使得连接到网络120的每个照明设备控制器130、132识别出与存储在照明设备控制器130、132的内存140、142中的符号标签匹配的符号标签124。 Each symbol tag 124 acts as a qualifier of message 122, such that each luminaire controller connected to the network 120 a match is identified 130, 132 and symbol tags stored in memory 140, 142 of luminaire controllers 130, 132 of the symbol label 124. 符号标签值可对应于某特定照明设备的位置和/或照明功能,特定消息122可以被引导向满足这些标签的房间里的所有照明设备。 Symbol tag values ​​may correspond to certain particular lighting device location and / or lighting function, the specific message 122 or may be directed to the lighting device satisfying all these labels in the room. 例如,标签值可能被分配以指定房间的北侧和南侧,及照明设备是否可发射出可变的白色色温的光,可发送消息以提高房间北边的色温。 For example, the tag value may be assigned to the specified light northern and southern rooms, and if the lighting device can emit a variable white color temperatures, may send a message to increase the color temperature of the room to the north. 匹配指定的标签的那些照明设备会适当地进行响应。 Tag that matches the specified lighting device will respond appropriately.

[0055] 照明设备可被设置有经由照明设备总线150、152连接到多个照明元件控制器160、162、164、166的照明设备控制器130、132。 [0055] The lighting device may be provided with a plurality of light element controllers connected to a luminaire controller 130, 132 160,162,164,166 luminaire bus 150, 152 via. 照明元件控制器160、162、164、166可控制光源180、182、184、186的输出以发射出所需特性的光,其中所述特性为例如颜色和强度。 Light element controllers 160,162,164,166 180,182,184,186 may control the output light source to emit light of the desired properties, for example, wherein the characteristic color and intensity. 照明元件180、182、184、186可具有不同的颜色,例如红色(R)、绿色(G)和蓝色(B)。 Lighting elements 180,182,184,186 can have different colors, such as red (R), green (G) and blue (B). 每个照明元件控制器160、162、164、166可以针对相应的照明元件180,182,184,186或照明元件的集合连接到驱动器170、172、174、176。 Each light element controller 160,162,164,166 170,172,174,176 can be connected to the driver for a set of corresponding illumination element or illumination elements 180,182,184,186. 一般来说,连接到单一的驱动器170、172、174、176和照明元件控制器160、162、164、166的照明元件可具有相同的颜色。 In general, a single drive is connected to the light element controllers 160,162,164,166 170,172,174,176 and lighting elements may have the same color. 由一个较高级别的控制器发送给较低级别控制器的命令,例如从中央控制器Iio到照明设备控制器130,或从照明设备控制器130到照明元件控制器160、162、164,可以是非常高等级的“体验”的描述,所述“体验”是照明设备的用户希望体验的、作为光源输出结果的如柔和的夜间光线、黑夜、明亮的工作光线、“冷水”、“浪漫”、“宴会”等。 Transmitted by the higher-level controller a command to lower-level controller, for example, from the central controller to Iio luminaire controller 130, or from luminaire controller 130 to light element controllers 160, 162, may is the "experience" very high level of description, the "experience" is the desired user experience lighting device, such as a soft output of the source light at night, the dark, bright working light, "cold", "romantic" "Banquet" and so on. 较低级别的控制器可将高级别的描述性的命令转译成驱动照明元件180、182、184的等级命令。 Lower-level controller may be high-level descriptive command is translated to drive lighting elements 180, 182-level command.

[0056] 中央控制110可以是具有输入和输出功能的微处理器,这些功能允许用户定义用于房间或建筑物的适当的标签和命令,并支持标签被分配给具体的照明设备100、102。 [0056] The central control 110 may be a microprocessor having input and output functions, these functions allow a user to define appropriate tags and commands a room or building, and support the label is allocated to a particular lighting device 100, 102.

[0057] 照明网络120可是任何传统的或应用程序特定的总线结构,例如RS-232、RS-422、RS-485、X10、DALI 或在EP 0482680 “Programmable illumination system” 中所描述的MCSlOO 总线结构、或DMX-512 (参见United States Institute for TheaterTechnology,Inc.的DMX512/1990Digital Data Transmission Standard for Dimmers andControllers)。 [0057] Lighting network 120 MCSlOO bus structure may be any conventional or application- specific bus structure, for example, RS-232, RS-422, RS-485, X10, DALI, or as described in EP 0482680 "Programmable illumination system" in or DMX512 (see United States Institute for TheaterTechnology, Inc. of DMX512 / 1990Digital Data Transmission Standard for Dimmers andControllers). 通常用于局域网或类似的数十至数百米的通信的物理层的实现一般来说是更可取的。 Is typically used for LAN physical layer or the like several tens to hundreds of meters in communication is generally preferable. 通过引用将所述EP' 680专利和这里提到的各种已知协议的规范合并于此。 By reference in the specification EP '680 patents, and the various known protocols mentioned here are incorporated herein.

[0058] 系统总线120上的消息122可以以广播模式被传输,使得来自中央控制器110的消息对于所有照明设备控制器130、132而言是同时可以获得的。 [0058] The system bus 122 on the message 120 may be transmitted in broadcast mode, so that messages from central controller 110 to all luminaire controllers 130, 132 in terms of simultaneously available.

[0059] 消息122的格式可以是实现所需的最终结果的任何形式。 [0059] The message format 122 may be in any form to achieve the desired end result. 在某些情况下,消息122可以打包为DMX512数据包。 In some cases, messages 122 may be packaged as DMX512 packet. 在其它情况下,应用程序特定的数据包形式可以利用数据包报头、一组标签124、以及一个或多个命令值126来定义。 In other cases, an application-specific packet form may use the packet header, a set of tags 124, and one or more commands 126 to define values.

[0060] 标签值124可由照明系统组件的制造商提供,例如其中标签涉及到一个特定的照明设备的功能,或标签值可以由单个用户定义,例如其中标签涉及到照明设备的安装位置。 [0060] The manufacturer tag value 124 may be a lighting system components, for example where the tag relates to the function of a particular lighting device, or tag value may be defined by a single user, for example where the tag relates to the installation position of the lighting device.

[0061] 按照光源的一种实施方式,如果照明元件的内部状态改变,每个照明元件控制器能够重新定义相关联的符号标签。 [0061] According to one embodiment of the light source, if the lighting element to change the internal state, each light element controller is able to redefine an associated symbol tag.

[0062] 带标签的消息格式可允许照明网络的容易可扩展性,因为带标签的消息格式可允许控制功能被分布遍及到组件,并可允许系统总线120操作在广播模式。 [0062] tagged message formats may permit easy scalability of the lighting network, since tagged message formats may permit control functions to be distributed throughout the components, and may allow the system bus 120 operate in broadcast mode. 因为更易于添加照明元件而不必对任何中央控制器进行重新编程,等等,因此出现可扩展性。 Because easy to add more lighting elements without having to reprogram any central controller, and the like, resulting in scalability. 可扩展性可在更低和更高两种网络级别上被增强,例如具有多个光源的照明设备或具有多个照明设备的照明系统。 Scalability may be enhanced in the lower and higher levels of two networks, such as a lighting device having multiple light sources or lighting system with a plurality of lighting devices.

[0063] 命令值126的形式可以是绝对值终点或增量型。 [0063] in the form of command values ​​126 may be the absolute value of the end point or incremental type. 例如,“返回至当前条件A”、“返回至预设条件B”、“变得更明亮”、“变得更黑暗”、“更红”、“更蓝”、“增大饱和度”、“减小饱和度”、“返回到默认的白色”,等。 For example, "return to present condition A", "return to preset condition B", "become brighter", "darker becomes", "redder", "more blue", "increase saturation" "reducing saturation", "return to default white," and so on. 其它命令值126可涉及上面所讨论的体验。 Other command values ​​126 may relate to experiences as discussed above. 例如,已知的源于飞利浦的amBX协议可用来描述体验。 For example, the known amBX protocol from Philips can be used to describe the experience. 其它命令值126可涉及到光源的设置,如调光、闪烁、发射出特别的颜色等。 Other command values ​​126 may relate to a light source, such as dimming, flashing, emitting a particular color like.

[0064] 每个照明设备控制器130、132截获在总线120上的消息122的标签124并检查看照明设备100、102是否应当响应。 [0064] Each luminaire controller 130, 132 intercepts the message on the bus 120 and 122 of the tab 124 checks to see if the lighting device 100, 102 should respond. 例如,照明设备控制器130、132可具有用于存储照明设备100、102应当响应的标签的标签存储器140、142。 For example, luminaire controller 140, 142, 130, 132 may have a tag memory for storing tag should respond to the lighting device 100, 102 is. 如果标签匹配,那么消息122被接受并被处理。 If a tag match, then message 122 is accepted and processed.

[0065] 参照图8,照明设备控制器130的标签检测器可包括多个存储在标签存储器140中的活跃符号标签AT1、AT2、...ATN。 [0065] Referring to FIG 8, the tag detector luminaire controller 130 may include a plurality of active symbol tag AT1 stored in the tag memory 140, AT2, ... ATN. 传入消息122的符号标签124可被照明设备控制器130接收并被馈送到比较器507,标签存储器140中每个位置一个活跃或去活的符号标签。 Incoming message symbol tag 122 luminaire controller 124 may be received 130 and fed to the comparator 507, 140 in each location a tag memory or deactivation of active symbol tag. 可选地,照明设备控制器130的软件可遍及标签存储器120而顺序循环从而对每个标签与接收到的符号标签124进行比较。 Alternatively, the lighting device 130 may be distributed throughout the controller software 120 tag memory cycle thereby sequentially compare each tag to received symbol tag 124. 每个比较器507输出逻辑I或O到OR-门510。 Each comparator 507 outputs a logic OR- gate to O or I 510. 如果任何收到的符号标签124与标签存储器140中的任何标签相匹配,OR-门510输出逻辑I到消息解释器503,消息解释器503从而被启用并解释从消息122收到的命令126。 If any tag any received symbol tag 124 matches the tag memory 140, gate 510 outputs a logic OR- I to the message interpreter 503, message interpreter 503 is thereby enabled and interprets the command received from the message 122,126. 使用符号标签允许消息122及其组成命令126有选择地被接收,即使总线广播所有消息。 Use symbol tag message 122 allows its constituent commands 126 to be selectively received, even though the bus broadcasts all messages.

[0066] 再次参照图7,依据消息122中的标签值124,可以没有任何照明设备、所有的照明设备、或介于其间的照明设备对消息有所反应。 [0066] Referring again to FIG. 7, according to the label value 124 in message 122, without any lighting equipment, all lighting devices or lighting devices interposed therebetween respond to messages. 在某些情况下,特殊的符号标签值可以指定所有的照明设备控制器130、132进行响应,并且另一种特殊符号标签值可指定没有任何一个控制器130、132响应。 In some cases, a special symbol tag value may specify that all luminaire controllers 130, 132 to respond, and another special symbol tag value may specify a controller 130, without any response. 后者可用于诊断目的。 The latter can be used for diagnostic purposes.

[0067] 在某些情况下,照明设备控制器130、132可是“哑”控制器,其唯一功能是识别应该由所述控制器的照明设备100、102对其做出响应的消息122,并将该消息继续传递到照明元件控制器160、162、164、166用于其后者去充分解释并对消息做出反应。 [0067] In some cases, luminaire controller 130, 132 but "dumb" controller whose only function is to be identified by the illumination apparatus 100, 102 of the controller 122 in response thereto the message, and the message passed on to the light element controllers 160,162,164,166 for the latter to fully explain its message and respond. 在这种情况下,照明设备控制器130、132有很少或没有责任来协调照明元件180、182、184、186的照明输出,或是来为特定的照明元件180、182、184、186确定等级;相反,此计算被向下推到照明元件控制器160、162、164、166。 In such cases, luminaire controller 130, 132 has little or no responsibility for coordinating the light output of lighting elements 180,182,184,186, or to determine the specific lighting elements 180,182,184,186 level; rather, this computation is pushed down to light element controllers 160,162,164,166.

[0068] 在其它情况下,照明设备控制器130、132可以是“智能的”。 [0068] In other cases, luminaire controller 130, 132 may be "smart." 例如,照明设备控制器130可负责解释消息122并将其呈现为针对照明元件180、192、184的绝对照明级别。 For example, luminaire controller 130 may be responsible for interpreting messages 122 and presented to the absolute level of illumination for the lighting elements 180,192,184.

[0069] 照明设备总线150、152可以是任何适合于目的的总线结构。 [0069] luminaire bus 150, 152 may be any bus structure suitable for the purpose. 例如,如Pares等人的美国专利N0.5,420,482 “Controlled Lighting System”的图7所示的多路复用的数据线可有利于减少用于连接各控制器的导体数目。 For example, as shown in FIG. 7 Pares multiplexed et al., U.S. Patent No. N0.5,420,482 "Controlled Lighting System" FIG data line can be advantageously reduces the number of conductors used to connect the controllers. Pares的专利'482中廉价的总线结构可能会带来信号畸变,但这些在典型的照明应用中可是无害的。 Pares in Patent '482 inexpensive bus structure may lead to signal distortion, but in a typical lighting applications, but harmless. 其它总线结构可能具有不同的一组折衷选择,也同样合适。 Other bus structures may have a different set of trade-off, they are also suitable.

[0070] 完整的照明系统可以具有很多光源,并且可被视为结构化成不同的级别。 [0070] The complete lighting system may have many light sources and can be regarded as structured in different levels. 例如,照明设备控制器130及其照明元件控制器160、162、164之间的关系可被视为相似于中央控制器110和照明设备控制器130、132之间的关系。 For example, the relationship between luminaire controller 130 and its light element controllers 160, 162 may be considered similar to the relationship between central controller 110 and luminaire controllers 130, 132. 类似地,整个建筑物可有针对具体房间对控制器发送指示的控制器。 Similarly, the entire building may have controller sends instructions for a particular room controller. 这种相似可允许类似的技术用于各个级别。 This similarity may permit similar techniques for various levels.

[0071] 在利用所述的多级别相似的情形中,照明设备总线150、152上的消息可类似于系统总线120上的消息,只针对高级别的“概念”,而不是针对绝对的照明等级。 [0071] In a similar case, with the multi-level, the messages on luminaire bus 150, 152 may be similar to system bus 120 on the message, the absolute level of illumination only for high-level "concept", but not for . 这可能出现于照明设备控制器130、132是“哑的”以及计算责任下放给照明元件控制器160、162、164、166的情况下。 This may occur in the luminaire controller 130, 132 is "dumb" and computing responsibilities are delegated to light element controllers 160,162,164,166 case of. 在这些情况中,来自照明设备控制器130、132的消息可以在照明设备总线150、152上被同时广播到所有照明元件控制器160、162、164、166。 In these cases, messages from luminaire controller 130, 132 may be broadcast simultaneously to all light element controllers 160,162,164,166 on luminaire bus 150, 152. 在某些情况下,可以以与消息122类似的方式对照明设备总线150、152上的消息进行标记,单个照明元件控制器160、162、164、166可有标签比较器,使得他们基于该标签对消息做出响应。 In some cases, the message 122 may be performed in a manner similar to messages on luminaire bus 150, 152 mark, the individual light element controllers 160,162,164,166 may have tag comparators so that they are based on the tag respond to the message.

[0072] 在其它情况下,照明设备总线150、152上的消息可携带其它类型的消息,例如,将由照明元件180、182、184、186输出的绝对照明级别,例如以在美国专利N0.5,420, 482中所讨论的方式。 [0072] In other cases, messages on luminaire bus 150, 152 may carry other types of messages, for example, by lighting output elements 180,182,184,186 absolute lighting levels, for example, in U.S. Patent No. N0.5 , 420, 482 in the manner discussed.

[0073] 在某些情况下,以被引导向指定功能性的照明设备的通用命令的形式传输照明命令可降低在系统总线120和照明设备总线150、152上传输的数据量。 [0073] In some cases, it is directed to reduce the amount of data on the system bus 120 and luminaire bus 150, 152 to form a transmission command for transmitting the illumination lighting apparatus generic commands specified functionality.

[0074] 照明元件控制器160、162、164、166可接收照明设备控制器130、132广播的消息。 [0074] The light element controllers 160,162,164,166 may receive a broadcast message luminaire controller 130, 132. 这些广播消息可以是通用命令,所述通用命令通常意味着针对照明元件180、182、184、186的改变、或明确指定的颜色设置。 These broadcast messages may be general commands, typically the general command means for changing the lighting elements 180,182,184,186, or explicit color settings. 每个照明元件控制器160、162、164、166接着可以针对相应的照明元件180、182、184、186计算出具体的驱动信号数据。 Each light element controller 160,162,164,166 may then calculate specific drive signal data for the corresponding lighting elements 180,182,184,186. 因此,基于照明元件控制器160、162、164、166通过照明设备总线150、152接收的通用命令,每个照明元件控制器160、162、164、166则可以针对其所连接到的特定照明元件确定驱动信号,并将所述驱动信号施加到其相应的照明元件驱动器170、172、174、176。 Thus, based on the light element controllers 160,162,164,166 general command received by the luminaire bus 150, 152, each light element controllers 160,162,164,166 may be connected to it for specific lighting element determining a drive signal and the drive signal is applied to its respective drive lighting elements 170,172,174,176. 相应地,照明元件驱动器170、172、174、176则向各自的照明元件180、182、184、186提供电流。 Accordingly, the lighting elements 170,172,174,176 drive current is supplied to the respective lighting elements 180,182,184,186.

[0075] 每个照明元件控制器160、162、164、166可以有一个存储器,其中存储有针对相应照明元件180、182、184、186的校准数据,如峰值波长、光通量和温度特性。 [0075] Each light element controller 160,162,164,166 can have a memory in which is stored calibration data for the respective lighting elements 180,182,184,186, such as peak wavelength, flux and temperature characteristics. 校准数据可以基于LED编码和LED-制造数据被存储在存储器214中,或者也可以由用户设置,例如,由于LED的年龄以及亮度丧失。 The calibration data may be based on LED binning and LED- manufacturing data stored in the memory 214, or stored by the user may be provided, for example, the age and the LED brightness loss. 由照明元件控制器160、162、164、166计算出的驱动信号可以基于这些校准数据而被调整。 Calculated by light element controllers 160,162,164,166 may be based on the driving signal is adjusted calibration data.

[0076] 在某些情况下,照明设备100可具有检测照明等级的感测器,或可接收来自房间内感测器的照明等级的数据。 [0076] In some cases, the illumination device 100 may have a sensor detects the lighting level, lighting levels, or may receive data from sensors in the room. 来自这样的感测器的数据可被用于计算作为反馈的驱动信号以确保所需的输出实际上被获得。 Data from such sensors may be used to calculate a drive signal as feedback to ensure that the desired output is actually obtained. 这将通过下面参考图9和图10的更多的实施方式而进一步被举例说明。 This will be further exemplified by further embodiments below with reference to FIGS. 9 and 10.

[0077] 通过分散计算责任,照明设备控制器130、132可以从针对每个照明元件计算单个驱动信号的需要中被解除。 [0077] The computing responsibilities, luminaire controller 130, 132 may be released by dispersing from a single drive signal is calculated for each of the lighting elements required. 此外,每个单个的照明元件控制器160、162、164、166仅需要为其直接连接到的单一的照明元件或驱动器计算出数值,从而降低了对照明元件控制器的性能要求。 Further, each individual light element controller only need to calculate the values ​​160,162,164,166 for direct connection to a single light element or driver, which reduces the performance requirements for the light element controllers. 因此,照明设备控制器130、132和照明元件控制器160、162、164、166可操作于更低的频率和更低的电压。 Thus, luminaire controller 130, 132 and light element controllers 160,162,164,166 operable to lower frequencies and lower voltages. 此外,一旦一种或多种颜色不再被使用,则单个控制器可以被关断。 Additionally, once one or more colors no longer be used, then a single controller may be turned off. 最后,以广播模式向所有带标签限定符的控制器发送消息,而不是必需向每个有明确地址的控制器发送单个的消息,可以减少传输消息的数量,降低总线速度和驱动要求,并降低寻址所涉及的开销,这继而又可降低用于控制器的所需的时钟频率。 Finally, the transmission in a broadcast mode to all controllers with tag qualifiers message, and not required to each have a specific address controller sends a single message, can reduce the number of messages transmitted, reduce bus speeds and drive requirements, and reduce the addressing overhead involved, which in turn may reduce the required clock frequency for the controller. 虽然控制器的数量可能增多了,但是时钟频率、电压和通电时间的降低可以实现总功率消耗的降低。 Although the number of controllers may be increased, but the clock frequency, the voltage reduction and the energization time can be reduced overall power consumption.

[0078] 在某些情况下,可以用一种使用对特定的控制器进行寻址的模式而不是广播模式来发送消息。 [0078] In some cases, messages can be sent in a mode used for addressing the specific controller rather than a broadcast mode. 在这种情况下,消息可是“体验”或其它无级别的命令,如上所述的。 In this case, the message but "experience" or other non-level commands, as described above.

[0079] 驱动器170、172、174、176可使用任何适宜的方法来提供及调节到照明元件180、182、184、186的电流,其中所述方法包括电压和/或电流输出随来自照明元件控制器160、162、164、166的输入驱动信号而变化的数模转换器、脉冲宽度调制(PWM)、位角调制、频率调制功率调节等。 [0079] 170,172,174,176 drive may use any suitable method to provide and adjust the current to the lighting elements 180,182,184,186, wherein the method comprises a voltage and / or current output from the lighting device with control an input drive signal varies digital to analog converter, a pulse width modulation (the PWM), bit angle modulation, frequency modulated power regulation, etc. of 160,162,164,166.

[0080] 照明元件180、182、184、186可以是任何类型的照明元件,例如,LED、白炽灯、荧光灯、卤素灯等。 [0080] 180,182,184,186 lighting element may be any type of lighting element, e.g., LED, incandescent, fluorescent, halogen and the like. 在某些情况下,多个元件可由一个单一的驱动器来驱动-例如,因为蓝色LED目前不如绿色LED高效,以及绿色LED不如红色LED高效,照明设备100可包括两个红色LED、四个绿色LED、和六个蓝色LED,以得到令人满意的白平衡。 In some cases, a plurality of elements by a single drive to drive - for example, because blue LED is currently not as efficient green LED, red LED and the green LED is better efficiency, the lighting device 100 may include two red LED, a green four LED, and six blue LED, in order to obtain a satisfactory balance.

[0081] 系统的编程可通过到中央控制器110的用户界面来实现。 Programming [0081] The system may be implemented by a user interface to the central controller 110. 照明系统的用户从可获得的体验列表中选择所需的体验。 Lighting system user to select the desired experience from a list of available experience. 可选地或另外,房间控制器是可编程,因此用户有可能定义个人体验。 Alternatively or additionally, the controller is a programmable room, the user is possible to define personal experiences. 当接收到中央控制器Iio的输入,照明设备控制器130、132中的软件可将体验命令转译为较低级别的效果或照明数据,并将原有的体验命令、效果、或照明数据发送到照明元件控制器160、162、164、166。 When receiving the input to the central controller Iio, luminaire controller 130, 132 may be software translated command will experience a lower level effect or lighting data, and the original experience command, the effect of transmission, or data to the illumination light element controllers 160,162,164,166. 有些效果可以以颜色设置、或随时间变化的几种不同的 Some color effects may be provided, with a different time or in several

颜色设置来实现。 Color settings to achieve. 例如,一种体验可要求在不同的颜色间重复变换,该重复变换一直继续直到中央控制器110命令另一种体验。 For example, an experience may require repeated conversion between different colors, which is repeated until the conversion is continued another central controller 110 commands experience. 许多修改和替代性的实施方式在本发明的范围内是可能的。 Many modifications and alternative embodiments are within the scope of the present invention are possible.

[0082] 综上所述,公开了一种用于照明系统的控制器,其中所述控制器包括设计为接收照明命令消息的命令接收电路,所述消息的格式包括标签值和指令值,标签值指定该消息被引导向的照明装置的物理属性,指令值指定该消息被引导向的照明装置应采取的行动。 [0082] In summary, there is disclosed a controller for a lighting system, wherein said controller comprises a receiving circuit designed to receive lighting command messages command the format of the message includes a tag value and an instruction value, the tag value specifies the message is directed to the physical properties of the lighting device, the command value specifies the message is directed to a lighting apparatus of action to be taken. 命令接收电路有标签比较电路,比较电路被设计为检测其标签值对应于照明装置的消息。 Command receiving circuitry has tag comparison circuit, the comparison circuit is designed to detect the tag value corresponds to the lighting device message. 照明装置控制电路被设计为接受具有所检测到的相应的标签值的消息的指令值,并且作为响应输出用于控制照明装置的照明元件的指令值。 The lighting device controlling circuitry being designed to accept message having a tag value corresponding to the detected value of the command, and as a response to an output instruction for controlling lighting elements of the lighting device value.

[0083] 所述控制器进一步包括设计为接收照明命令消息的命令接收电路,所述消息的格式包括指定将被该消息被引导向的照明装置所诱导出来的个人情绪体验的指令值。 [0083] The controller further comprises an illumination designed to receive a command circuit receiving a command message, the message format includes specifying instruction value to be induced by the message is directed out of the lighting device to the individual emotional experience. 照明装置控制电路被设计为接受具有所检测到的相应的标签值的消息的指令值,并且作为响应将情感体验转译为用于控制照明装置的照明元件的具体级别值。 The lighting device controlling circuitry being designed to accept message having a tag value corresponding to the detected value of the command, and in response to emotional experience into specific level values ​​for translating controlling lighting elements of the lighting device.

[0084] 此外,所述控制器可包括针对照明元件包含有存储的校准数据的照明元件数据存储器;存储电路被设计为存储与照明元件相关的校准数据,照明元件控制电路被进一步设计为基于所述校准数据产生照明元件驱动信号。 [0084] Further, the controller may include a lighting device for lighting elements comprising a data memory with a stored calibration data; memory circuit is designed to store calibration data relating to the illumination element, the illumination element control circuit is further designed based on the illuminating said calibration data generating element driving signal.

[0085] 现在,接着对符号标签进行进一步的一般说明。 [0085] Now, a further symbol tag Next, general description. 符号标签作为特定事件的结果而被传送。 Tag symbol is transmitted as a result of a particular event. 符号标签最有用的是用于造成系列的或连续的改变,如从一种照明设置衰变到另一种照明设置,并且除了照明元件的单个控制器之外对所有单元均有最小的计算功率要求。 Symbol tags are most useful for causing or continuous series of changes, such as decay from one set to another lighting illumination settings, in addition to a single controller and a lighting element requires minimal computational power for all units are . 可被使用的符号标签的进一步的示例是以下这些符号标签,其代表或造成:白色相关色温、最大流明输出、逐步调整颜色、调光、照明设备的年龄、快速或慢速动态照明功能、照明设备在房间的位置、和光源的类型。 A further example of symbol tags can be used is the following symbol tags, representing or causing: white correlated color temperature, the maximum lumen output, color and gradually adjusting for age, dimming, lighting equipment, fast or slow dynamic lighting function, lighting position of the device in the room, and the type of light source. 有一定范围的可能的方式来激活和去活符号标签,从手动操作的物理开关例如DIP开关,到由软件执行的功能。 There are a range of possible ways to activate and deactivate the symbol tags, from manually operated physical switches such as DIP switches, the functions performed by software.

[0086] 现在参照图9,在包括多个照明设备900、902等的照明系统的其它实施方式中,每个照明设备900、902具有用于提高照明设备900、902所产生光线的质量的反馈和/或前馈功能。 [0086] Referring now to Figure 9, in other embodiments, the lighting device comprises a plurality of lighting systems 900, 902, etc., each luminaire 900, 902 has a feedback 900, 902 for improving the quality of the illumination device light generated and / or feed-forward function. 为简便起见,仅进一步说明多个照明设备中的一个。 For simplicity, only illustrates one further plurality of lighting devices. 照明设备900包括照明设备控制910和至少一个光源915。 Lighting apparatus 900 includes a lighting control device 910 and at least one light source 915. 除了本身包括总线接口920、光源总线925、照明元件控制器930、驱动器940、和照明元件950的控制系统(如在上述的实施方式中示出的),根据本实施方式的每个光源915 (更具体地其控制系统)包括用于检测照明元件950的特性的感测器接口(SENSOR IF) 960。 In addition itself includes a bus interface 920, a light source bus 925, light element controllers 930, drivers 940, and a lighting system control element 950 (as shown in the above described embodiment), each light source 915 (the embodiment according to the present embodiment more specifically, the control system) comprises a sensor interface (sENSOR IF) 960 for detecting properties of a lighting element 950. 典型特性有相当于强度或光通量的温度,和光学特性,其中光学特性如色点和其它涉及光输出的颜色内容的特性。 Typical features are the temperature corresponding to the intensity or flux, and optical characteristics, wherein the optical characteristics such as color point and other characteristics relate to the color content of the light output. 在本实施方式中感测器接口960包括温度感测器970和颜色感测器980,温度感测器970测量照明元件950的温度,颜色感测器980例如通过测量光输出的色点来测量颜色内容。 In the present embodiment, sensor interface 960 includes a temperature sensor 970 and color sensor 980, a temperature sensor 970 measuring the temperature of the lighting element, a color sensor 980 to measure 950, for example, by measuring the color point of the light output color content. 感测器接口960向光源总线925输出感测器接口信号,其中感测器接口信号包括关于温度的数据和关于颜色内容的数据。 Sensor interface 960 outputs a signal to the light sensor interface bus 925, which sensor interface signal comprises data regarding the temperature and data regarding the color content. 温度感测器970和颜色内容感测器980测量总值,即来自照明元件950的单个贡献的总和的值。 The value of the sum of the contents of the color temperature sensor 970 and sensor 980 measure total, i.e., from the illumination element 950 is a single contribution. 感测器接口信号在光源总线925上被广播传向所有照明元件控制器930。 Sensor interface signal is broadcast transmitted to all light element controllers 930 on the light source bus 925. 每个照明元件控制器930具有计算功能,包括提取算法用于从感测器接口信号提取由该照明元件控制器控制的特定的照明元件950产生的贡献。 Each light element controller 930 has a computing function, including extraction algorithm for extracting from the sensor interface signal generated by a particular lighting elements of the light element controller 950 controls the contribution. 此外,每个照明元件控制器930包括能启用照明元件控制器930计算修正值的反馈或前馈算法,所述修正值是照明元件950维持被请求的设置点所需要的,而该设置点又与如前所述的被请求的体验相关联。 Additionally, each light element controller 930 can enable the set point comprises a feed forward algorithm feedback controller 930 calculates a lighting element or before the correction value, the correction value is provided to maintain the point of the illumination element 950 requested required, and the experience associated with the requested previously described. 彩色控制算法通常是需要用到系统中所有颜色信息的矩阵计算。 Color control algorithms usually need to use matrix calculations for all color information system. 为了使每个照明元件控制器930能够执行这样的计算,除了那些与所述控制器控制的照明元件950相关联的照明元件,其还需要知道其它照明元件950的光学特性。 In order for each light element controller 930 is capable of performing such calculation, except those lighting elements of the lighting element 950 associated with the controller, which also need to know the optical properties of other lighting elements 950. 因而代表了所有照明元件的组合的光输出的感测器接口信号是有用的。 Thus sensor interface signal representing the combined light output of all lighting elements is useful.

[0087] 为了能够提取自己的照明元件950的信息,每个控制单一颜色光输出的照明元件控制器930,可以比如具有关于哪些其它单一颜色在总输出光中出现了的知识。 [0087] In order to be able to extract information about its own light element 950, each of the control of a single color light output from the light element controllers 930, such as may have knowledge about which other single colors appeared in the total output light. 例如,如果颜色内容数据代表总光输出信号的色点,在各单一颜色混合时只有唯一的组合可以产生所述色点。 For example, if the color content data represents the color point of the total light output signal, when there is only a single color mixing of the color point of the composition may be produced.

[0088] 另外,总线接口920被提供计算功能。 [0088] In addition, the bus interface 920 is provided computing. 因此,在这个可选的实施方式中感测器接口信号由总线接口920接收,总线接口执行计算并向单个照明元件控制器广播结果,单个照明元件控制器直接利用该结果用于调整照明元件950。 Thus, in this alternative embodiment the sensor interface signal is received by the bus interface 920, bus interface and performs the calculation of a single light element controller broadcasts a result, the individual light element controllers directly use the result to adjust the lighting elements 950 .

[0089] 参照图10,照明设备1000包括一个或多个光源1015。 [0089] Referring to FIG. 10, the lighting device 1000 includes one or more light sources 1015. 每个光源1015包括如刚才参照图9描述的一个光源的相同部件,即总线接口1020、照明元件控制器1030、驱动器1040、照明元件1050、和包括温度感测器1070和颜色感测器1080的感测器接口1060。 Each light source 1015 comprises a light source of the same components described earlier with reference to FIG. 9, such that the bus interface 1020, light element controllers 1030, drivers 1040, a lighting device 1050, and includes a temperature sensor 1070 and a color sensor 1080 sensor interface 1060. 此夕卜,它包括同步发生器1090,即产生同步信号的发生器。 Bu this evening, which includes a sync generator 1090, i.e., generating a synchronization signal generator. 同步发生器1090连接到所有照明元件控制器1030,并连接到感测器接口1060,使它们的操作同步。 Sync generator 1090 is connected to all light element controllers 1030, and is connected to the sensor interface 1060, so that they operate synchronously. 当照明元件1030由PWM(脉冲宽度调制)驱动信号驱动,以及感测器接口1060的温度感测器1070检测光通量时,这种同步至少是非常有用的。 When the lighting element 1030 is driven by a drive signal PWM (pulse width modulation), a temperature sensor 1070 and sensor interface 1060 detects the flux, this synchronization is at least useful. 光通量测量则需要与PWM的占空比同步。 The flux measurement needs to be synchronized with the PWM duty cycle.

[0090] 上面已经描述了根据本发明如在所附的权利要求书中定义的光源、照明设备及照明设备系统的实施方式。 [0090] The embodiments have been described above matter defined in the present invention as claimed in the appended claims light source, lighting equipment and lighting equipment system. 这些应被视为仅是非限制性的例子。 These should be seen as merely non-limiting examples. 如本领域技术人员理解的,许多修改和可能的替代的实施方式在本发明的范围是可能的。 As appreciated by those skilled in the art, many modifications and alternative embodiments are possible within the scope of the present invention are possible.

[0091] 例如,如本领域技术人员所知的,应当理解的是为了确保照明元件实际上获得所需的输出,每个光源可被提供有反馈控制。 [0091] For example, as those skilled in the art, it should be appreciated that the lighting element to ensure the desired output is actually obtained, each light source may be provided with feedback control. 然而,因为这不是本发明的核心部分,这种反馈控制没被更详细的描述。 However, because it is not a core part of the present invention, this feedback control is not described in more detail.

[0092] 因此,正如依照上面的实施方式所解释的,有利的是分散光源控制器,以使针对设置照明元件驱动信号的最后的计算尽可能接近单个照明元件。 [0092] Thus, in accordance with the above embodiment as it explained embodiment, the dispersion is advantageously a light source controller, so the final calculation for the lighting element drive signals as close to a single lighting element. 必须指出,为本申请的目的,特别是关于所附的权利要求,词语“包括”不排除其它单元或步骤,不定冠词“一个”或“一种”不排除复数形式,这本身对本领域技术人员将是显而易见的。 It must be noted purposes of this application, in particular with regard to the appended claims, the word "comprising" does not exclude other elements or steps, and the indefinite article "a" or "an" does not exclude a plurality, which per se in the art technologies It will be obvious.

Claims (20)

1.一种具有多个照明元件和用于控制所述多个照明元件的控制系统的光源,其中所述控制系统包括: -多个照明元件控制器,每个连接到所述照明元件中相应的一个,并被安置为获取照明元件数据;以及-总线接口,其通过光源总线连接到所述照明元件控制器, 其中所述总线接口被安置为向所述照明元件控制器提供通用命令,其中所述照明元件控制器被安置为基于所述通用命令和所述照明元件数据产生照明元件驱动信号,并且其中所述控制系统进一步包括感测器接口,所述感测器接口被安置为通过感测照明元件的照明输出而检测其属性,并且所述感测器接口被连接到所述光源总线,其中所述感测器接口被安置为提供承载着关于所述属性的数据的感测器接口信号到所述光源总线; -连接到所述照明元件控制器及连接到所述感测器接口的同步发生器。 A plurality of lighting elements and having a light source of the control system controlling a plurality of lighting elements, wherein said control system comprises: - a plurality of light element controllers, each connected to a respective lighting element a, and arranged to obtain light element data; and - a bus interface, which is connected by a light source to said light element controllers bus, wherein said bus interface is arranged to provide a generic control commands to the lighting element, wherein said light element controllers are arranged to generate the lighting element drive signals based on the general command and said light element data, and wherein said control system further comprises a sensor interface, the sensor interface is arranged to sense by measuring the light output of the lighting element and its attributes detected, and the sensor interface is connected to the light source bus, wherein the sensor interface is arranged to provide a sensor interface carrying the attribute data about signal to the light source bus; - is connected to said light element controllers connected to the synchronous generator and the sensor interface.
2.根据权利要求1的光源,其中所述光源总线被设置为广播模式。 The light source according to claim 1, wherein said light source bus is set in broadcast mode.
3.根据权利要求1或2的光源,其中所述照明元件是固态照明元件。 The light source according to claim 1 or claim 2, wherein said lighting element is a solid state lighting element.
4.根据权利要求1或2的光源,其中所述照明元件控制器是在开和关状态间单独可切换的。 4. A light source as claimed in claim 1 or 2, wherein said light element controllers are individually switchable between on and off states.
5.根据权利要求1或2的光源,其中所述通用命令包括总体照明设置。 The light source according to claim 1 or claim 2, wherein said general command include overall illumination settings.
6.根据权利要求1或2的光源,其中所述照明元件控制器中的每个包括包含有所述照明元件数据的照明元件数据存储器。 6. A light source according to claim 1 or claim 2, wherein each of said light element controllers includes a light element data includes a light element data storage.
7.根据权利要求1或2的光源,其中所述照明元件控制器中的每个包括符号标签解释器,并被用至少一个符号标签进行标记,其中所述通用命令中的每个包括至少一个符号标签,并且其中存在几种不同类型的符号标签。 7. A light source according to claim 1 or claim 2, wherein said light element controllers each comprise a symbol tag interpreter and is tagged with at least one symbol tag, wherein said general command each include at least one symbol tag, and wherein there are several different types of symbol tags.
8.根据权利要求7的光源,其中所述符号标签解释器包括符号标签比较器,所述比较器被安置为对在所述通用命令里接收到的符号标签与用以对照明元件控制器进行标记的所述至少一个符号标签进行比较,并且其中如果所述符号标签比较器发现符号标签匹配,所述符号标签解释器被安置为接受所述通用命令。 8. The lighting controller for the element symbol tag received in said general command to the light source as claimed in claim 7, wherein said symbol tag interpreter comprises a symbol tag comparator, said comparator being arranged marking the at least one symbol tag comparator, and wherein if said symbol tag comparator finds a symbol tag match, the symbol tag interpreter is arranged to accept the general command.
9.根据权利要求7的光源,其中所述照明元件控制器中的每个包括状态监测器,如果照明元件的内部状态改变,所述状态监测器能够重新定义所述至少一个符号标签。 9. A light source as claimed in claim 7, wherein said light element controllers each comprise a state monitor, if the internal state of the lighting element to change the status monitor can redefine the at least one symbol tag.
10.根据权利要求1或2的光源,其中所述感测器接口包括温度感测器和颜色感测器。 10. A light source according to claim 1 or claim 2, wherein said sensor interface comprises a temperature sensor and a color sensor.
11.根据权利要求1或2的光源,其中所述照明元件控制器中的每个被提供有计算功能,所述计算功能用于从感测器接口信号提取该控制器控制的具体照明元件做出的贡献,并且用于在此基础上计算任何产生的对相关联的照明元件驱动信号的调整。 11. A light source as claimed in claim 1 or 2, wherein said light element controllers are each provided with a calculation function, the specific function for extracting a lighting element which controls the sensor interface signal from the computing do the contribution, and the lighting adjustment signal for the associated drive element based on any computing generated.
12.一种包括多个根据前述权利要求中任意一项的光源和照明设备控制器的照明设备,所述照明设备控制器经由照明设备总线连接到所述光源的总线接口,其中所述照明设备控制器被安置为向所述总线接口提供所述通用命令。 12. A light source comprising a plurality of lighting devices and lighting controller of any one of the preceding claims, wherein the luminaire controller is connected to the light source via a bus interface luminaire bus, wherein the lighting device the controller is arranged to provide the general command to the bus interface.
13.根据权利要求12的照明设备,其中所述照明设备控制器包括用于接收关于所需体验的输入数据并将所述体验转译成至少一种效果的效果转译器,其中所述体验通过利用所述光源产生,所述至少一种效果体现为至少一条通用命令。 The lighting apparatus according to claim 12, wherein said illumination apparatus comprises a controller for receiving input data regarding a desired experience and the experience translates into at least one effect of the effect translator, wherein said through experience using said light source generates said at least one effect embodied as at least one general command.
14.根据权利要求12或13的照明设备,其中所述照明设备总线被设置成广播模式。 The lighting device according to claim 12 or claim 13, wherein said luminaire bus is set to broadcast mode.
15.根据权利要求12或13的照明设备,其中所述照明设备控制器包括符号标签解释器,并被用至少一个符号标签进行标记,其中所述符号标签解释器被安置为接收包括至少一个符号标签的输入数据,并且其中所述符号标签解释器包括符号标签比较器,该符号标签比较器被安置为对在所述输入数据里接收到的所述至少一个符号标签与用以对所述照明设备控制器进行标记的所述至少一个符号标签进行比较,并且其中如果所述符号标签比较器发现符号标签匹配,所述符号标签解释器被安置为接受所述输入数据并将其转译成所述通用命令。 The lighting device according to claim 12 or claim 13, wherein said luminaire controller comprises a symbol tag interpreter and is tagged with at least one symbol tag, wherein said symbol tag interpreter is arranged to receive at least one symbol comprising input data label, and wherein said symbol tag interpreter comprises a symbol tag comparator, the symbol tag comparator is arranged to received the input data in the tag and the at least one symbol for the illumination labeling the device controller compares the at least one symbol tag, and wherein if said symbol tag comparator finds a symbol tag match, the symbol tag interpreter is arranged to receive said input data transfer and translate them into the said general command.
16.一种照明设备系统,包括多个根据权利要求12-15中任意一项的照明设备和经由系统总线连接到所述多个照明设备的系统控制器,其中所述系统控制器被安置为产生关于体验的输出数据。 16. A luminaire system comprising a plurality of illumination apparatus according to any one of 12-15, and a system controller coupled to the plurality of illuminating devices via the system bus, wherein said system controller is arranged to generating output data on experience.
17.根据权利要求16的照明设备系统,其中所述系统总线被设置成寻址模式,其中所述输出数据是单个的体验命令,并且其中所述系统控制器被安置为发送所述单个的体验命令到单个的照明设备。 17. The luminaire system according to claim 16, wherein said system bus is set in addressing mode, wherein said output data is individual experience commands, and wherein said system controller is arranged to send the individual experience single command to the lighting device.
18.根据权利要求16的照明设备系统,其中所述系统总线被设置成广播模式,其中所述输出数据对所述多个照明设备是共同的。 18. The luminaire system according to claim 16, wherein said system bus is set in broadcast mode, wherein the output data of the plurality of lighting devices is common.
19.根据权利要求16或18的照明设备系统,其中所述系统控制器包括符号标签生成器,该符号标签生成器被安置为产生至少一个符号标签并利用所述符号标签对所述输出数据进行标记。 19. The symbol tag of the output data and generating at least one symbol tag system using the lighting device according to claim 16 or claim 18, wherein said system controller comprises a symbol tag generator, which is arranged symbol tag generator mark.
20.根据权利要求16的照明设备系统,其中所述系统控制器是房间控制器和建筑物控制器之一。 20. The luminaire system according to claim 16, wherein said system controller is one of a room controller and a building controller.
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