CN101906287B - Light-heat transformation working medium composition - Google Patents

Light-heat transformation working medium composition Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101906287B
CN101906287B CN200910015500.1A CN200910015500A CN101906287B CN 101906287 B CN101906287 B CN 101906287B CN 200910015500 A CN200910015500 A CN 200910015500A CN 101906287 B CN101906287 B CN 101906287B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
water
working medium
light
heat
black
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Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN200910015500.1A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN101906287A (en
Inventor
许刚
王娇
许亮
刘昭勇
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BEIJING DRAGON LUCK TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.
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Zibo Dayun Special Engineering Materials Technology Co Ltd
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Priority to CN200910015500.1A priority Critical patent/CN101906287B/en
Publication of CN101906287A publication Critical patent/CN101906287A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN101906287B publication Critical patent/CN101906287B/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/40Solar thermal energy, e.g. solar towers

Abstract

The invention relates to a light-heat transformation working medium composition, which is black liquid and comprises a water-based liquid material and an oil-water emulsified or oil-based composition. A water-based or emulsified light-heat transformation working medium composition used at the low temperature of between 35 DEG C below zero and 110 DEG C consists of a black heat-absorbing material, an organic alcohol storing and conducting material, a preservative, a tackifier and water or consists of the black heat-absorbing material, a lithium bromide storing and conducting material, the preservative, the tackifier and the water. An oil-based liquid light-heat transformation working medium composition used at the intermediate temperate of between 40 DEG C below zero and 400 DEG C consists of the black heat-absorbing material and a storing and conducting material, wherein the storing and conducting material is a mixture of naphthenic hydrocarbon, aromatic hydrocarbon, biphenylene oxide, phenyltolylmethane, heavy alkylbenzene, diphenyl methyl ethane or synthetic alkane. The composition of the invention has the characteristics of high absorption rate, low emissivity, high performance, scaling resistance, corrosion resistance, wide applicability in solar energy collection engineering, simple preparation process and convenient popularization.

Description

A kind of light-heat transformation working medium composition
Technical field
The invention belongs to technical field of solar utilization technique, relate to a kind of solar heat collector light-heat transformation working medium composition.
Background technology
Conventional solar boilers and hot water engineering adopt the black coating by sunlight heating, vacuum pipe or metal tube substantially, and then after heating tube wall by water or dielectric heating, thermal absorption efficiency is greatly about 80% left and right, heat collector is made and material is limited to larger.
Summary of the invention
Technical problem to be solved by this invention is to provide a kind of light-heat transformation working medium composition, by traditional, then conduct method to medium become by direct irradiation of sunlight to light-heat transformation working medium from light heating tube wall, and solar energy is converted into heat energy.
A kind of light-heat transformation working medium composition of the present invention, is black liquor, includes water fluid material, oil-water emulsion type or oil-based composition.
A kind of oil-water emulsion type light-heat transformation working medium composition of ℃ use in low temperature-35~110, be calculated in mass percent, by the water of black absorbing material 0.5-5%, Organic Alcohol storage material 35-55%, sanitas 0.5-1%, tackifier 0.5-1% and surplus, formed.
A water base light-heat transformation working medium composition for low temperature-35~110 ℃ use, is calculated in mass percent, and the water of black absorbing material 0.5-5%, lithiumbromide storage material 40-55%, sanitas 0.5-1%, tackifier 0.5-1% and surplus, consists of.
Wherein black absorbing material can adopt the ultra-fine carbon black of high blackness or the carbon element pigment of PH6-8, and Organic Alcohol storage material is ethylene glycol, glycerol or methyl alcohol etc., and sanitas is nano zine oxide, silver suboxide or titanium oxide etc.Lithiumbromide is superconducting material, and gasification in the time of 35 ℃ has the characteristic of conduction at a high speed, liquid phase specific absorption 95%, and emittance < 5%.
A kind of oil base light-heat transformation working medium composition using in middle temperature (40~400 ℃), be calculated in mass percent, by black absorbing material 0.5~5% and storage material 95~99.5%, formed, described storage material is naphthenic hydrocarbon, the mixture of aromatic hydrocarbons, Biphenyl Ether, benzyl toluene, heavy alkyl benzene, diphenyl-methyl alkane or synthesizing alkanes.
Wherein said black absorbing material can adopt the ultra-fine carbon black of high blackness or the carbon element pigment of PH6-8.
The principle of work of the composition of light-heat transformation working medium of the present invention, is to be converted into heat energy after the luminous energy that sees through the sunlight of heat collector is absorbed, and by thermal cycling or mandatory thermal cycling, heat is passed to energy storage system by interchanger.
Feature of the present invention, high-absorbility, low-launch-rate, low temperature resistant or high temperature resistant, excellent property, non-scaling, corrosion-resistant, can be widely used in solar energy heat collection engineering, manufacture craft is simple, stable performance, the life-span is long, is convenient to promote.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with embodiment, the present invention is described, but does not limit the present invention.Each percentage ratio all refers to mass percent.
Embodiment 1:
PH6-8,1500 order carbon blacks 3%, ethylene glycol 40%, water 56%, nano phase ag_2 o 0.5%, xanthan gum 0.5%.Heatproof-35--100 ℃, specific absorption is 95%, emittance < 5%.
Embodiment 2:
100 nano carbon blacks 3%, lithiumbromide 45%, water 50.5%, xanthan gum 1%, nano zine oxide 0.2%, nano titanium oxide 0.3%.Heatproof-40-110 ℃, specific absorption is 95%, emittance < 5%.
Embodiment 3:
100 nano carbon powder 5%, lithiumbromide 55%, xanthan gum 0.5%, nano zine oxide 1%, water 38.5%.Heatproof-40-110 ℃, specific absorption is 95%, emittance < 5%, can be for 300 ℃ of above uses.
Embodiment 4:
PH6-8,1500 order carbon blacks 1%, glycerol 50%, water 47%, nano phase ag_2 o 1%, xanthan gum 1%.Heatproof-35--+100 ℃, specific absorption is 95%, emittance < 5%.
Embodiment 5:
100 nano carbon powder 2%, Biphenyl Ether and phenylate mixture 98%.Heatproof-40~390 ℃, specific absorption is 95%,, emittance < 5%, can be for 300 ℃ of above uses.

Claims (2)

1. a light-heat transformation working medium composition, it is characterized in that being calculated in mass percent, water by black absorbing material 0.5-5%, Organic Alcohol storage material 35-55%, sanitas 0.5-1%, tackifier 0.5-1% and surplus forms, described black absorbing material adopts the ultra-fine carbon black of high blackness or the carbon element pigment of pH6-8, Organic Alcohol storage material is ethylene glycol, glycerol or methyl alcohol, and sanitas is nano zine oxide, silver suboxide or titanium oxide.
2. a light-heat transformation working medium composition, it is characterized in that being calculated in mass percent, water by black absorbing material 0.5-5%, lithiumbromide storage material 40-55%, sanitas 0.5-1%, tackifier 0.5-1% and surplus forms, described black absorbing material adopts the ultra-fine carbon black of high blackness or the carbon element pigment of pH6-8, sanitas is nano zine oxide, silver suboxide or titanium oxide, and tackifier adopt xanthan gum.
CN200910015500.1A 2009-06-03 2009-06-03 Light-heat transformation working medium composition Expired - Fee Related CN101906287B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN200910015500.1A CN101906287B (en) 2009-06-03 2009-06-03 Light-heat transformation working medium composition

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN200910015500.1A CN101906287B (en) 2009-06-03 2009-06-03 Light-heat transformation working medium composition

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CN101906287A CN101906287A (en) 2010-12-08
CN101906287B true CN101906287B (en) 2014-01-22

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Families Citing this family (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US9644127B2 (en) 2012-09-14 2017-05-09 Tokyo Ohka Kogyo Co., Ltd. Heating medium composition for solar thermal power generation system
CN104178092A (en) * 2013-05-27 2014-12-03 山东恒导石油化工股份有限公司 High-temperature organic heat carrier and production technology thereof
CN106085373A (en) * 2016-06-15 2016-11-09 内蒙古旭力恒新能源开发有限公司 A kind of solar heating superconducting fluid special
CN106085374A (en) * 2016-06-15 2016-11-09 内蒙古旭力恒新能源开发有限公司 A kind of energy-saving heating superconductive liquid
CN106085372A (en) * 2016-06-15 2016-11-09 内蒙古旭力恒新能源开发有限公司 A kind of yttrium bromide superconducting fluid with excellent cold performance
CN106318335A (en) * 2016-06-15 2017-01-11 内蒙古旭力恒新能源开发有限公司 Europium bromide thermally-superconductive medium with environment-friendly composite scale and corrosion inhibitor

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN85102293A (en) * 1985-04-01 1986-09-17 河北省科学院能源研究所 Hydrated material for light-heat transition in solar energy utilization
CN1071674A (en) * 1992-08-06 1993-05-05 张云山 A kind of passive solarenergy water heater's heat-absorbing paint
CN1275703A (en) * 1999-05-31 2000-12-06 刘昌炎 Solar energy heat collector
CN101024762A (en) * 2006-02-23 2007-08-29 白松泉 Industrial corrosion-preventive scale-resisting heat-conductive medium

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN85102293A (en) * 1985-04-01 1986-09-17 河北省科学院能源研究所 Hydrated material for light-heat transition in solar energy utilization
CN1071674A (en) * 1992-08-06 1993-05-05 张云山 A kind of passive solarenergy water heater's heat-absorbing paint
CN1275703A (en) * 1999-05-31 2000-12-06 刘昌炎 Solar energy heat collector
CN101024762A (en) * 2006-02-23 2007-08-29 白松泉 Industrial corrosion-preventive scale-resisting heat-conductive medium

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Address after: 102200 Beijing City, Changping District small town east village on the west side of the Loess room B No. 15

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