CN101893726A - Aeolian sand disaster simulating device and method - Google Patents

Aeolian sand disaster simulating device and method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101893726A
CN101893726A CN2010102353940A CN201010235394A CN101893726A CN 101893726 A CN101893726 A CN 101893726A CN 2010102353940 A CN2010102353940 A CN 2010102353940A CN 201010235394 A CN201010235394 A CN 201010235394A CN 101893726 A CN101893726 A CN 101893726A
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sandstorm
module
data
analogue
evaluating
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CN2010102353940A
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刘连友
张小啸
吕艳丽
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Beijing Normal University
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Beijing Normal University
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A90/00Technologies having an indirect contribution to adaptation to climate change
    • Y02A90/10Information and communication technologies [ICT] supporting adaptation to climate change, e.g. for weather forecasting or climate simulation

Abstract

The invention relates to an aeolian sand disaster simulating device and an aeolian sand disaster simulating method. The simulating device comprises a data acquiring device, a data storing device for storing the data acquired by the data acquiring device, the aeolian sand disaster simulating device and an aeolian sand disaster estimating device; the data storing device comprises a regional basic data module and an aeolian sand disaster basic data module; the aeolian sand disaster simulating device comprises a system base map module and an aeolian sand disaster power simulating module; the system base map module is connected with the regional basic data module; the aeolian sand disaster power simulating module is connected with the aeolian sand disaster basic data module; the aeolian sand disaster simulating device further comprises a superposition operation module which is connected with the system base map module and the aeolian sand disaster power simulating module; and the superposition operation module is connected with the aeolian sand disaster estimating device which is connected with an external output device. The invention can provide the simulation condition of the aeolian sand disaster in real time and, early warn and detect the risk of the aeolian sand disaster.

Description

A kind of sandstorm analogue means and analogy method
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of sandstorm analogue means and analogy method that can directly apply to the sandstorm simulation.
Background technology
The problem of this complicated spontaneous phenomenon of sandstorm and initiation thereof has become the hot research field of a plurality of subjects such as ecology, physical geography, meteorology, blown sand physics, the theory of calamity and environmental science.At present, China is progressively carrying out gordian technique researchs such as the real-time estimate forecast of sandstorm disaster and emulation early warning, but also is in the starting stage.The research in current sandstorm field rests on the qualitative examination stage more, the space distribution Quantitative study of dust material during whole sandstorm incident also is short of very much, its real-time mobilism distributed process and rule also are not fully aware of, and the disaster alarm means of sandstorm are also needed badly lifting.Mostly prior art is that the blown sand physics angle of still having no way of is differentiated the technology of sandstorm generation, development and mobile route from the migration rule of meteorological angle prediction sandstorm.
Summary of the invention
The objective of the invention is to, overcome the defective of above-mentioned prior art and a kind of sandstorm analog case that can provide in real time is provided, and can carry out the sandstorm analogue means that the sandstorm Risk-warning detects.
For achieving the above object, the present invention takes following design proposal:
A kind of sandstorm analogue means, comprise data collector, be used to store the data storage device of described data collector image data, and sandstorm analogue means and sandstorm apparatus for evaluating, wherein, described data storage device comprises regional basic data module and sandstorm basic data module, described sandstorm analogue means comprises system's base map module and sandstorm represent dynamically module, described system base map module and described regional basic data module link, described sandstorm represent dynamically module and described sandstorm basic data module link, and, described sandstorm analogue means also comprises the stack computing module that links with described system base map module and sandstorm represent dynamically module, described stack computing module and described sandstorm apparatus for evaluating link, and are connected with outside output unit on the described sandstorm apparatus for evaluating.
Preferably, described data collector comprises real-time data acquisition device and historical data input device.
Further, described real-time data acquisition device is gathered one or more parameters in big monsoon intensity, wind erosion speed, sand and dust concentration, settling amount and the visibility of environment to be measured by sensor or detector.
More preferably, described sandstorm analogue means also comprises simulated data verification module, and simulated data verification module links with described data storage device and described sandstorm apparatus for evaluating respectively.
Further, described sandstorm analogue means also comprises the Risk-warning module, and described Risk-warning module and described sandstorm apparatus for evaluating link.
Another object of the present invention may further comprise the steps for a kind of sandstorm analogy method is provided:
A, will treat that by data collector Back ground Information, geography information and the sandstorm Back ground Information of geodetic are entered in the data storage device;
B, from described data storage device, call in data by the sandstorm analogue means then, calculate and simulate, and externally form system's base map and on system's base map, form the sandstorm simulated view on the output unit;
C, the simulated data among the step b is judged, assessed, and the result is presented on the outside output unit by the sandstorm apparatus for evaluating.
Preferably, by simulated data verification module the simulation of described sandstorm analogue means and sandstorm apparatus for evaluating and each time of assessment or real-time result are fed back to data storage device, go forward side by side line data verification and simulation adjustment.
Further, when the Risk-warning module that links with described sandstorm apparatus for evaluating was received the data-signal that surpasses setting value, described Risk-warning module was sent alerting signal.
Advantage of the present invention is:
1. utilize TM image data and national topography profile data generation system base map, this base map is corresponding with satellite image, can be directly used in the comparison with satellite cloud picture, for the distribution range of utilizing satellite cloud picture to read sandstorm provides reference frame.
2. by sandstorm Back ground Information module (comprising a plurality of databases), provide the analysis data of multi-angle for the analogue simulation of sandstorm.Can utilize the face of land to play sand, databases such as sand and dust distribution carry out the simulation that sandstorm forms development, can carry out the history reproduction to the sandstorm disaster takes place by sandstorm historical events data module again, the research that sandstorm disaster rule has taken place for nearest 30 years facilitates.
3. by stack, utilize the sandstorm modeling algorithm, generate dust storm the condition of a disaster evaluation graph intuitively master data in socioeconomic data in the geographical information module in basis and the sandstorm basic data module.The professional can utilize evaluation graph that the sandstorm disaster scenarios it is carried out analysis and assessment, and simultaneously, the layman also is easy to read the distribution situation of sandstorm disaster.
4. increased information databases such as API, sand and dust concentration in the sandstorm information module, not only the inquiry of air quality provides information during the sandstorm in order to take place, and the important reference to prediction of air quality between the following sandstorm emergence period also is provided simultaneously.
5. be provided with sandstorm Risk-warning system and device, this device is the result who utilizes the sandstorm evaluation module, according to sandstorm disaster different brackets, the risk of sandstorm disaster is carried out grade classification.On this basis, utilize the early-warning and predicting device that the different stage disaster is carried out early warning and remind, for government department's issue early warning information provides direct technical support.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is a structural representation of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the synoptic diagram of system of the present invention base map;
Fig. 3 is a sandstorm Simulation result synoptic diagram of the present invention;
Fig. 4 is the result schematic diagram of sandstorm path simulation of the present invention.
Embodiment
Referring to Fig. 1, the preferred embodiment of a kind of sandstorm analogue means of the present invention shown in it, comprise data collector 1, preferably, this data collector 1 comprises real-time data acquisition device 11 and historical data input device 12, described real-time data acquisition device 11 can be by the big monsoon intensity of harvesters such as sensor or detector to environment to be measured, wind erosion speed, sand and dust concentration, settling amount, and one or more parameters in the visibility gather, and described historical data input device 12 comprises the various geography of from the information database of national statistics department typing certain or certain areas, humane, traffic, cities and towns distribute, population distribution, historical datas such as TM image data; Sandstorm analogue means of the present invention also comprises the data storage device 2 that is used to store described data collector 1 image data, and sandstorm analogue means 3 and sandstorm apparatus for evaluating 4, wherein, described data storage device 2 comprises regional basic data module 21 and sandstorm basic data module 22, described sandstorm analogue means 3 comprises system's base map module 31 and sandstorm represent dynamically module 32, described system base map module 31 links with described regional basic data module 21, and described sandstorm represent dynamically module 32 links with described sandstorm basic data module 22.
Wherein, described system base map module 31 reads TM image Gallery (for example remote sensing satellite take TM image data), topographic database and social population, the economic data storehouse etc. (for example can obtain corresponding information from national statistics division data storehouse) of this area from described regional basic data module 21, and utilizes above-mentioned database information to generate system's base map (as shown in Figure 2) of sandstorm analogue means of the present invention; On described system base map, promptly comprise the real-time cloud atlas of remote sensing satellite like this, can show the population of national statistics again, the economic dispatch data message; Thus, when the sandstorm disaster takes place, can provide data and technical support to the disaster-stricken situation statistics of supporting body.
Described sandstorm represent dynamically module 32 reads information such as the husky database in the face of land, sand and dust distributed data base, atmospheric falling dust spatial and temporal distributions database, extreme wind speed isoline database, API isoline database, sandstorm historical events database of corresponding area from described sandstorm basic data module 22, for the simulation and the early warning of sandstorm provides detailed, concrete data support, make the present invention approach real objective environment more to the represent dynamically of sandstorm.Thus, the present invention can be in the sandstorm represent dynamically, can disclose that typical sandstorm incident takes place, development and the rule that develops, for the assessment of dust storm the condition of a disaster and disaster Risk-warning provide technical foundation.
Further, sandstorm analogue means 3 of the present invention also comprises the stack computing module 33 that links with described system base map module 31 and sandstorm represent dynamically module 32, described stack computing module 33 links with described sandstorm apparatus for evaluating 4, is connected with outside output unit (as shown in Figure 3 and Figure 4) on the described sandstorm apparatus for evaluating 4.Preferably, to the assessment of sandstorm risk, can be to carry out classification, and assess from several aspects such as economic loss that the coverage and the sandstorm of sandstorm are brought by the intensity of sandstorm.Thus, system's base map module 31 and sandstorm represent dynamically module 32 are carried out compound, stack by described stack computing module 33, the assessment of the sector-style of going forward side by side sand calamity evil, and then corresponding results is presented on (for example display, screen, communication terminal etc.) on the outside output unit, intuitively real-time or historical sandstorm situation are presented to user or inquiry.
Preferably, sandstorm analogue means of the present invention also comprises simulated data verification module 6, and simulated data verification module 6 links with described data storage device 2 and described sandstorm apparatus for evaluating 4 respectively.Thus, make the present invention promptly to carry out the sandstorm simulation by historical data, real time data that again can be by follow-up each time to analog result before proofread and correct, verification, go forward side by side one-step optimization and improve simulation process, reach to sandstorm predict as far as possible accurately, assessment and early warning.And described sandstorm analogue means also comprises Risk-warning module 5, and described Risk-warning module 5 links with described sandstorm apparatus for evaluating 4.After sandstorm degree that described sandstorm apparatus for evaluating 4 is assessed out had surpassed setting value, the present invention just can send alerting signal by Risk-warning module 5, notice associative operation person or relevant departments employ prevention and treatment measures.Therefore, can reduce property and the material damage that sandstorm is brought for society and people's production, life widely.
Particularly, the present invention also provides a kind of sandstorm analogy method, may further comprise the steps:
A, will treat that by data collector Back ground Information, geography information and the sandstorm Back ground Information of geodetic are entered in the data storage device; B, from described data storage device, call in data by the sandstorm analogue means then, calculate and simulate, and externally form system's base map and on system's base map, form the sandstorm simulated view on the output unit; C, the simulated data among the step b is judged, assessed, and the result is presented on the outside output unit by the sandstorm apparatus for evaluating.
Simultaneously, system design is directed to the sandstorm disaster and has to a certain degree uncertainty, in order to make analog result more near actual conditions, the present invention is on the basis of prognosis modelling, also result and the historical data that each time point or time period are detected, simulate out compare, verification, truth after promptly taking place with the sandstorm disaster is relatively fed back the deficiency of data model in each module, improves and revises.In constantly improving, make system and device more accurate in the simulation early warning.Particularly, can the simulation of described sandstorm analogue means and sandstorm apparatus for evaluating and each time of assessment or real-time result be fed back to data storage device, go forward side by side line data verification and simulation adjustment by simulated data verification module.
And as mentioned above, when the Risk-warning module that links with described sandstorm apparatus for evaluating was received the data-signal that surpasses setting value, Risk-warning module of the present invention can also be sent alerting signal.
Have more ground, the simulation kind that the present invention can carry out comprises:
The mobile simulation of a, satellite cloud picture
According to the time period of appointment, simulation shows that the simulation cloud atlas mobile route in the sandstorm time period changes on map.
B, sand and dust cloud atlas move simulation
According to the time period of appointment, the mobile route of sand and dust cloud atlas changes in the simulation sandstorm time period on map.
The dynamic similation of c, airflow field near the ground (extreme wind speed, wind direction)
Call the data such as extreme wind speed of typing,, generate the isoline (isoline generates isoline according to the wind speed that website records, and according to the size of wind direction, and the corresponding icon of mark is on map) of extreme wind speed according to the time period of appointment.
The dynamic change that d, air pollution index (API) distribute
According to the API data of user's importing and the time period of formulation, the isoline that generates corresponding A PI value also is presented on the map and (generates the pollution index isoline, mark class of pollution scope with different colours).
E, atmospheric falling dust distribution plan
The depositing dust data that import according to the user and the time period of appointment generate corresponding isoline and are presented on the map.
F, sand and dust source region distribution plan
Extreme wind speed data, wind erosion equation and soil utilization according to different sandstorm incidents, set up sand and dust and discharge model, calculate different surface (mobile, semifixed and fixing sand ground, farmland, meadow, playa lake, Gobi desert) maximum silt discharge and dust rate of release, generate sand and dust source region distribution plan based on the dust storm dynamic process.
G, generation correspondence in batches be the sectional drawing of each data constantly, and is implemented in the simulation of above function on the network.
On the other hand, the sandstorm assessment carried out of the present invention comprises:
A, wind-sand activity strength assessment
The distribution of analysis-by-synthesis airflow field near the ground, land use pattern, API isoline value, classification generate sand district, floating dust district, sandstorm district, strong sandstorm district, and are labeled on the map.
B, the assessment of sandstorm scope
Wind-sand activity strength assessment result and geo-spatial data and socioeconomic data are carried out overlay analysis, information such as the area of the different sandstorm events affectings of rapid extraction and population.
C, sandstorm loss assessment
According to the assessment result of wind-sand activity intensity, sandstorm scope, and in conjunction with on-site inspection and relevant statistics, the economic loss that the analytical calculation sandstorm causes.
As mentioned above, the present invention also comprises Risk-warning module 5, and particularly, the present invention can carry out early warning and alarming to sandstorm by modes such as audible alarm unit of the prior art, image warning devices, for example:
A, sandstorm Risk-warning model
Analog simulation result according to historical sandstorm incident, foundation has the sandstorm Risk-warning model of spacetime correlation feature, comprises wind field spatial distribution model near the ground, soil drifting forecasting model, plays husky dust quantity computation model, visibility calculating model and atmospheric falling dust amount and the pollution index forecasting model etc. of rising.
B, sandstorm monitoring and Risk-warning
Obtain the real-time Monitoring Data of various dusts storm, utilize disaster Risk-warning model to analyze, judge, determine the quantitative indices and the grade of sandstorm Risk-warning, comprise big monsoon intensity, wind erosion speed, sand and dust concentration, dustfall content, visibility early warning and air pollution index etc.
Obviously, those of ordinary skill in the art can constitute various types of disaster analogue means and analogy method with a kind of sandstorm analogue means of the present invention and analogy method.
The foregoing description is only for the usefulness that the present invention is described; and be not to be limitation of the present invention; the those of ordinary skill in relevant technologies field; without departing from the present invention; can also make various variations and modification; therefore all technical schemes that are equal to also should belong to category of the present invention, and scope of patent protection of the present invention should be limited by each claim.

Claims (8)

1. sandstorm analogue means, it is characterized in that: comprise data collector (1), be used to store the data storage device (2) of described data collector (1) image data, and sandstorm analogue means (3) and sandstorm apparatus for evaluating (4), wherein, described data storage device (2) comprises regional basic data module (21) and sandstorm basic data module (22), described sandstorm analogue means (3) comprises system's base map module (31) and sandstorm represent dynamically module (32), described system's base map module (31) links with described regional basic data module (21), described sandstorm represent dynamically module (32) links with described sandstorm basic data module (22), and, described sandstorm analogue means (3) also comprises the stack computing module (33) that links with described system's base map module (31) and sandstorm represent dynamically module (32), described stack computing module (33) links with described sandstorm apparatus for evaluating (4), is connected with outside output unit on the described sandstorm apparatus for evaluating (4).
2. sandstorm analogue means according to claim 1 is characterized in that: described data collector (1) comprises real-time data acquisition device (11) and historical data input device (12).
3. sandstorm analogue means according to claim 2 is characterized in that: described real-time data acquisition device (11) is gathered one or more parameters in big monsoon intensity, wind erosion speed, sand and dust concentration, settling amount and the visibility of environment to be measured by sensor or detector.
4. according to claim 2 or 3 described sandstorm analogue means, it is characterized in that: described sandstorm analogue means also comprises simulated data verification module (6), and simulated data verification module (6) links with described data storage device (2) and described sandstorm apparatus for evaluating (4) respectively.
5. sandstorm analogue means according to claim 4 is characterized in that: described sandstorm analogue means also comprises Risk-warning module (5), and described Risk-warning module (5) links with described sandstorm apparatus for evaluating (4).
6. sandstorm analogy method is characterized in that: may further comprise the steps:
A, will treat that by data collector Back ground Information, geography information and the sandstorm Back ground Information of geodetic are entered in the data storage device;
B, from described data storage device, call in data by the sandstorm analogue means then, calculate and simulate, and externally form system's base map and on system's base map, form the sandstorm simulated view on the output unit;
C, the simulated data among the step b is judged, assessed, and the result is presented on the outside output unit by the sandstorm apparatus for evaluating.
7. sandstorm analogy method according to claim 6, it is characterized in that: the simulation of described sandstorm analogue means and sandstorm apparatus for evaluating and each time of assessment or real-time result are fed back to data storage device, go forward side by side line data verification and simulation adjustment by simulated data verification module.
8. sandstorm analogue means according to claim 7 is characterized in that: when the Risk-warning module that links with described sandstorm apparatus for evaluating was received the data-signal that surpasses setting value, described Risk-warning module was sent alerting signal.
CN2010102353940A 2010-07-23 2010-07-23 Aeolian sand disaster simulating device and method Pending CN101893726A (en)

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Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102903289A (en) * 2012-09-24 2013-01-30 无锡科隆试验设备有限公司 Test method for reproducing and simulating natural environment randomly
CN105260833A (en) * 2015-10-14 2016-01-20 成都信息工程大学 Statistic analysis tool for preventing heavy rainfall disaster
CN105512399A (en) * 2015-12-09 2016-04-20 国家电网公司 Three-dimensional simulation system for power transmission lines
CN106371153A (en) * 2016-08-16 2017-02-01 合肥东上多媒体科技有限公司 Unattended small automatic weather station
CN106448432A (en) * 2016-09-30 2017-02-22 浙江大学 Wind-field multi-element fusion visualization method for map service
CN108196317A (en) * 2018-02-06 2018-06-22 南京邮电大学 A kind of Predictive meteorological methods for micro-grid system
CN109101863A (en) * 2018-03-01 2018-12-28 曹婷 Weather danger alarm method based on image analysis
CN109782373A (en) * 2018-12-14 2019-05-21 内蒙古工业大学 A kind of sand-dust storm forecast method based on improved Naive Bayesian-CNN multiple target sorting algorithm
CN110954869A (en) * 2019-12-20 2020-04-03 北京航天泰坦科技股份有限公司 Animation display method, device and system for sand-dust meteorological disaster data

Cited By (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102903289A (en) * 2012-09-24 2013-01-30 无锡科隆试验设备有限公司 Test method for reproducing and simulating natural environment randomly
CN102903289B (en) * 2012-09-24 2015-12-09 无锡科隆试验设备有限公司 A kind of test method of random render analog physical environment
CN105260833A (en) * 2015-10-14 2016-01-20 成都信息工程大学 Statistic analysis tool for preventing heavy rainfall disaster
CN105512399A (en) * 2015-12-09 2016-04-20 国家电网公司 Three-dimensional simulation system for power transmission lines
CN106371153A (en) * 2016-08-16 2017-02-01 合肥东上多媒体科技有限公司 Unattended small automatic weather station
CN106371153B (en) * 2016-08-16 2019-08-23 谢秀英 Unmanned small-sized automatic weather station
CN106448432A (en) * 2016-09-30 2017-02-22 浙江大学 Wind-field multi-element fusion visualization method for map service
CN108196317A (en) * 2018-02-06 2018-06-22 南京邮电大学 A kind of Predictive meteorological methods for micro-grid system
CN108196317B (en) * 2018-02-06 2019-12-13 南京邮电大学 Meteorological prediction method for micro-grid system
CN109101863A (en) * 2018-03-01 2018-12-28 曹婷 Weather danger alarm method based on image analysis
CN109782373A (en) * 2018-12-14 2019-05-21 内蒙古工业大学 A kind of sand-dust storm forecast method based on improved Naive Bayesian-CNN multiple target sorting algorithm
CN110954869A (en) * 2019-12-20 2020-04-03 北京航天泰坦科技股份有限公司 Animation display method, device and system for sand-dust meteorological disaster data
CN110954869B (en) * 2019-12-20 2021-09-14 北京航天泰坦科技股份有限公司 Animation display method, device and system for sand-dust meteorological disaster data

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