CN101891424B - Inorganic thermal insulation and decoration mortar and preparation method thereof - Google Patents

Inorganic thermal insulation and decoration mortar and preparation method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101891424B
CN101891424B CN201010230778.3A CN201010230778A CN101891424B CN 101891424 B CN101891424 B CN 101891424B CN 201010230778 A CN201010230778 A CN 201010230778A CN 101891424 B CN101891424 B CN 101891424B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
parts
thermal insulation
decoration mortar
inorganic
inorganic thermal
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CN201010230778.3A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN101891424A (en
Inventor
张志峰
周强
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武汉奥捷高新技术有限公司
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Priority to CN201010230778.3A priority Critical patent/CN101891424B/en
Publication of CN101891424A publication Critical patent/CN101891424A/en
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Publication of CN101891424B publication Critical patent/CN101891424B/en

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Classifications

    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B28/00Compositions of mortars, concrete or artificial stone, containing inorganic binders or the reaction product of an inorganic and an organic binder, e.g. polycarboxylate cements
    • C04B28/02Compositions of mortars, concrete or artificial stone, containing inorganic binders or the reaction product of an inorganic and an organic binder, e.g. polycarboxylate cements containing hydraulic cements other than calcium sulfates
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B2111/00Mortars, concrete or artificial stone or mixtures to prepare them, characterised by specific function, property or use
    • C04B2111/20Resistance against chemical, physical or biological attack
    • C04B2111/27Water resistance, e.g. waterproof or water-repellant materials
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B2111/00Mortars, concrete or artificial stone or mixtures to prepare them, characterised by specific function, property or use
    • C04B2111/20Resistance against chemical, physical or biological attack
    • C04B2111/28Fire resistance, i.e. materials resistant to accidental fires or high temperatures
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/50Reuse, recycling or recovery technologies
    • Y02W30/91Use of waste materials as fillers for mortars or concrete

Abstract

The invention relates to an inorganic thermal insulation and decoration mortar, which is characterized by comprising the following components in parts by weight: 180-220 parts of cement, 40-60 parts of flyash, 560-600 parts of sand, 50-70 parts of heavy calcium carbonate powder, 70-100 parts of inorganic lightweight aggregate, 3-9 parts of bentonite, 4-8 parts of wood fiber, 2-7 parts of moisture repellent, 2-5 parts of saltpetering inhibitor, 0.5-4 parts of cellulose ether, 6-15 parts of rubber powder and 1-30 parts of pigment. The preparation method is implemented as follows: evenly mixing the cement, flyash, sand, heavy calcium carbonate powder, bentonite, wood fiber, moisture repellent, saltpetering inhibitor, cellulose ether, rubber powder and pigment, adding the inorganic lightweight aggregate, and carrying out mechanical mixing uniformity to obtain the product in the invention. The mortar in the invention has the advantages of thermal insulation, strong hydrophobicity, fire resistance, environment protection, no pollution, same duration with buildings and the like.

Description

Inorganic thermal insulation and decoration mortar and preparation method thereof
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of material of construction, particularly relate to a kind of mortar of exterior wall finish, more specifically relate to a kind of utilize light inorganic aggregate to make it play decoration function while also possess inorganic thermal insulation and decoration mortar of heat insulating effect and preparation method thereof.
Background technology
Decoration mortar last century Europe exterior wall finish system be widely used, instead of with the characteristic of its excellence the only selection that coating and face brick become finish coat.Its deadweight is lighter than face brick, add the security of outer wall structure of building, and can by selecting template, the instrument of different graphic, impose and drag, roll, scrape, turn round pressure, the different operating method such as to rub, metope is changed and the various patterns such as embossing, ripple, wood grain, can form the effect of multiple texture, color and texture, expressive force is enriched, artistic feeling is strong, more ideally can merge with physical environment, architectural style and historical sites.Although but prior art solves mortar accumulation of salt in the surface soil problem, improves endurance quality etc., does not have heat insulating effect, exterior-wall heat insulation and reducing energy consumption engineering also exist limitation.
Decoration mortar is not long in the history of China, but has above advantage because of it, within nearly 2 years, obtains at home and develops fast.Particularly country has formulated the development strategy of " low-carbon economy " now, and for reducing energy consumption, decreasing pollution, reduction discharge, for " low-carbon economy " makes contributions, fast-developing and that widespread use is novel dry powder decoration mortar is imperative.
Summary of the invention
Technology to be solved by this invention is in order to overcome the deficiency of above existence; there is provided a kind of and be cheaply suitable for inorganic thermal insulation and decoration mortar of large public building and covil construction and preparation method thereof; for gelling material with cement, flyash; take expanded and vitrified small ball as insulation light skeletal; mix multiple additives and pigment, make and have that heat insulating, hydrophobic nature are strong, the free of contamination inorganic thermal insulation and decoration mortar of fireproof environmental.
Technical scheme of the present invention: a kind of inorganic thermal insulation and decoration mortar, its component and weight content are:
Cement 180-220 part, flyash 40-60 part, sand 560-600 part,
Dry powder 50-70 part, light inorganic aggregate 70-100 part, wilkinite 3-9 part,
Wood fibre 4-8 part, hydrophober 2-7 part, accumulation of salt in the surface soil inhibitor 2-5 part,
Ether of cellulose 0.5-4 part, rubber powder 6-15 part, pigment 1-30 part.
Described light inorganic aggregate is that unit weight is less than 120kg/m 3iI class expanded and vitrified small ball.Described cement is normal silicate 42.5 cement or white silicate 42.5 cement.Described flyash is I level or II level flyash.Described sand is through scouring, the natural sand of drying or quartz sand.Described pigment is iron oxide pigment.Described rubber powder is the redispersable latex powder of the one or more combination in the multipolymer of vinyl acetate and tertiary ethylene carbonate, ethene, acrylate.Described hydrophober is organosilicon moisture repellent.Described accumulation of salt in the surface soil inhibitor is a kind of Special Resin based powders being used for suppressing accumulation of salt in the surface soil phenomenon to produce.
The preparation method of inorganic thermal insulation and decoration mortar: first cement, flyash, sand, dry powder, wilkinite, wood fibre, hydrophober, accumulation of salt in the surface soil inhibitor, ether of cellulose, rubber powder and pigment are mixed, subsequently light inorganic aggregate is added, even by mechanically mixing again, i.e. obtained inorganic thermal insulation and decoration mortar.
The present invention compared with prior art has following beneficial effect: 1, by adding light inorganic aggregate, utilizes material itself to have the structure of internal porous, the advantage that unit weight is low, is used for reducing the deadweight of material, reduces the thermal conductivity of material, improves its thermal property.2, by adding the high molecular polymers such as hydrophober, accumulation of salt in the surface soil inhibitor, ether of cellulose, rubber powder, making mortar have certain flexibility, can ensure to there will not be when repeated deformation fatigure failure, produce crack.And mortar internal structure is changed, improves the effect of hole, micromolecular water vapour molecule can be made so freely to pass through, and macromolecular water molecules cannot be through, thus the hydrophobic function of reinforced mortar, suppress the phenomenon of the accumulation of salt in the surface soil.3, select inorganic oxide iron pigment to mix colours, ensure the strong not fugitive color of the color fastness of material.
The main performance index of inorganic thermal insulation and decoration mortar all detects according to JC/T1024-2007, and detected value sees the following form:
Embodiment
Embodiment 1: a kind of inorganic thermal insulation and decoration mortar; its component and weight content are: reach the clouds board normal silicate 42.5 cement 180 parts; 60 parts, flyash; 600 parts, sand; dry powder 50 parts; expanded and vitrified small ball 70 parts; wilkinite 9 parts; TECHNOCEL 1004-7N wood fibre 4 parts; watt gram SILRES PowderD (69051VP) hydrophober 7 parts, 5 parts, Elotex ERA100 accumulation of salt in the surface soil inhibitor, Bermocoll M30 ether of cellulose 4 parts; watt gram VINNAPAS 5044N 6 parts, Shanghai one product S110 ferric oxide red colorant 30 parts.
Embodiment 2: a kind of inorganic thermal insulation and decoration mortar, its component and weight content are: reach the clouds board normal silicate 42.5 cement 220 parts, 40 parts, flyash; 560 parts, sand; dry powder 70 parts, expanded and vitrified small ball 100 parts, wilkinite 3 parts; TECHNOCEL 1004-7N wood fibre 8 parts; Elotex SEAL80 hydrophober 2 parts, 2 parts, Elotex ERA100 accumulation of salt in the surface soil inhibitor, Bermocoll M30 ether of cellulose 0.5 part; Elotex FX7000 rubber powder 15 parts, Shanghai one product S340 black iron oxide pigment 30 parts.
Embodiment 3: a kind of inorganic thermal insulation and decoration mortar; its component and weight content are: white silicate 42.5 cement 200 parts; 50 parts, flyash; 580 parts, sand; dry powder 60 parts; expanded and vitrified small ball 85 parts; wilkinite 6 parts; TECHNOCEL 1004-7N wood fibre 5 parts; watt gram SILRES PowderD (69051VP) hydrophober 5 parts, 3 parts, Elotex ERA100 accumulation of salt in the surface soil inhibitor, Bermocoll M30 ether of cellulose 2 parts; watt gram VINNAPAS 5044N rubber powder 10 parts, Shanghai one product S930 ferric oxide yellow pigment 15 parts.
Embodiment 4: a kind of inorganic thermal insulation and decoration mortar, its component and weight content are: board normal silicate 42.5 cement 210 parts that reaches the clouds, 55 parts, flyash, 595 parts, sand, dry powder 65 parts, expanded and vitrified small ball 85 parts, wilkinite 7 parts, TECHNOCEL 1004-7N wood fibre 6 parts, Elotex SEAL80 hydrophober 6 parts, Elotex ERA100 accumulation of salt in the surface soil inhibitors 4 part, Bermocoll M30 ether of cellulose 3 parts, ElotexFX7000 rubber powder 15 parts, Shanghai one product S868 iron oxide brown pigment 18 parts.
Embodiment 5: a kind of inorganic thermal insulation and decoration mortar, its component and weight content are: white silicate 42.5 cement 220 parts, 60 parts, flyash, 600 parts, sand, dry powder 70 parts, expanded and vitrified small ball 100 parts, wilkinite 9 parts, TECHNOCEL 1004-7N wood fibre 8 part, watt gram SILRES PowderD (69051VP) hydrophober 7 parts, 5 parts, Elotex ERA100 accumulation of salt in the surface soil inhibitor, Bermocoll M30 ether of cellulose 4 parts, Shanxi D S WF-06 rubber powder 20 parts, Shanghai one product S960 iron oxide orange pigments pigment 1 part.
The preparation method of above-described embodiment is: first cement, flyash, sand, dry powder, wilkinite, wood fibre, hydrophober, accumulation of salt in the surface soil inhibitor, ether of cellulose, rubber powder and pigment mix, subsequently light inorganic aggregate is added, even by mechanically mixing again, use when building-site is watered stirring until mortar.

Claims (8)

1. an inorganic thermal insulation and decoration mortar, is characterized in that its component and weight content are:
Cement: 180-220 part, flyash: 40-60 part, sand: 560-600 part,
Dry powder: 50-70 part, light inorganic aggregate: 70-100 part, wilkinite: 3-9 part,
Wood fibre: 4-8 part, hydrophober: 2-7 part, Elotex ERA100 accumulation of salt in the surface soil inhibitor: 2-5 part,
Ether of cellulose: 0.5-4 part, rubber powder: 6-15 part, pigment: 1-30 part;
Described light inorganic aggregate is that unit weight is less than 120kg/m 3iI class expanded and vitrified small ball.
2., according to the inorganic thermal insulation and decoration mortar described in claim 1, it is characterized in that described cement is normal silicate 42. 5 water
Mud or white silicate 42. 5 cement.
3., according to the inorganic thermal insulation and decoration mortar described in claim 1, it is characterized in that described flyash is I level or II level fine coal
Ash.
4., according to the inorganic thermal insulation and decoration mortar described in claim 1, it is characterized in that described sand is natural through what clean, dry
Sand or quartz sand.
5., according to the inorganic thermal insulation and decoration mortar described in claim 1, it is characterized in that described pigment is iron oxide pigment.
6., according to the inorganic thermal insulation and decoration mortar described in claim 1, it is characterized in that described rubber powder is vinyl acetate and tertiary carbon
The redispersable latex powder of the one or more combination in the multipolymer of vinyl acetate, ethene, acrylate.
7., according to the inorganic thermal insulation and decoration mortar described in claim 1, it is characterized in that described hydrophober is organosilicon moisture repellent.
8. prepare a method for the inorganic thermal insulation and decoration mortar described in claim 1, it is characterized in that first by cement, fine coal
Ash, sand, dry powder, wilkinite, wood fibre, hydrophober, Elotex ERA100 accumulation of salt in the surface soil inhibitor, ether of cellulose, rubber powder and pigment mix, subsequently light inorganic aggregate is added, even by mechanically mixing again, i.e. obtained inorganic thermal insulation and decoration mortar.
CN201010230778.3A 2010-07-20 2010-07-20 Inorganic thermal insulation and decoration mortar and preparation method thereof CN101891424B (en)

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CN101891424B true CN101891424B (en) 2015-03-11

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CN102557557A (en) * 2012-02-24 2012-07-11 江苏建筑职业技术学院 Decoration mortar for external wall thermal insulation system
CN102584148A (en) * 2012-03-14 2012-07-18 沈阳顺风新城建筑材料有限公司 Alkali-resistant crack sealer for ceramic tiles
CN103896528B (en) * 2012-12-24 2016-02-24 深圳市嘉达高科产业发展有限公司 A kind of flooring sound-insulating waterproof mortar and preparation method thereof
CN103159446B (en) * 2013-03-01 2014-12-17 山西新举节能建材科技有限公司 Phenolic resin anti-crack mortar and preparation method thereof
CN103102130B (en) * 2013-03-01 2014-10-29 山西新举节能建材科技有限公司 Phenolic resin adhesive mortar and preparation method thereof
CN103274651A (en) * 2013-06-17 2013-09-04 杜彬 Colorful surface mortar material of energy-saving building and preparation method
CN103496878B (en) * 2013-08-29 2016-03-16 王传福 High workability mortar king
CN103922689A (en) * 2014-03-29 2014-07-16 北京工业大学 Method for preparing thermal-insulation building block by utilizing foam glass leftover wastes
CN104193237A (en) * 2014-07-24 2014-12-10 蚌埠市时代电子有限公司 External wall decoration mortar and preparation method thereof
CN104230227B (en) * 2014-08-25 2016-03-09 筑隆建材科技有限公司 A kind of decoration mortar and preparation method thereof
CN104230265B (en) * 2014-09-02 2016-06-15 德清扬泰建筑材料有限公司 A kind of plastering material of thin layer and preparation method thereof
CN104446235A (en) * 2014-11-11 2015-03-25 黄美忠 Colorful environment-friendly alkali-efforescence-resistant wall facing mortar
CN105601212A (en) * 2015-12-30 2016-05-25 卓达新材料科技集团威海股份有限公司 Saltpetering-prevention sulphoaluminate cement product and preparation method thereof
CN106565185A (en) * 2016-11-14 2017-04-19 上海希诺建筑材料有限公司 High-performance mortar for EPS decorative lines and preparation method thereof
CN106565189A (en) * 2016-11-14 2017-04-19 上海希诺建筑材料有限公司 High-color-retention colored mortar used for EPS decoration lines and preparation method of high-color-retention colored mortar
CN106587760B (en) * 2016-11-24 2019-04-09 长兴欧立亚新型建材有限公司 A kind of waterproof anti-corrosion colour premixing mortar
CN106639206A (en) * 2017-01-20 2017-05-10 南通苏宝建筑节能科技有限公司 Construction process of colored heat-insulation and heat-preservation dry powder mortar
CN107129239A (en) * 2017-04-04 2017-09-05 亚士漆(上海)有限公司 Colored finish mortar and preparation method thereof

Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
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CN101041577A (en) * 2006-03-23 2007-09-26 同济大学 Polystyrene foam particle heat-insulating mortar
CN101519901A (en) * 2009-03-16 2009-09-02 汕头经济特区龙湖科技有限公司 External decorative mortar system and construction process thereof

Patent Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101041577A (en) * 2006-03-23 2007-09-26 同济大学 Polystyrene foam particle heat-insulating mortar
CN101519901A (en) * 2009-03-16 2009-09-02 汕头经济特区龙湖科技有限公司 External decorative mortar system and construction process thereof

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