CN101887065A - Full-automatic urine analyzer and test paper plate used for same - Google Patents

Full-automatic urine analyzer and test paper plate used for same Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101887065A
CN101887065A CN 201010208880 CN201010208880A CN101887065A CN 101887065 A CN101887065 A CN 101887065A CN 201010208880 CN201010208880 CN 201010208880 CN 201010208880 A CN201010208880 A CN 201010208880A CN 101887065 A CN101887065 A CN 101887065A
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China
Prior art keywords
test paper
paper plate
test
paper box
boosting
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CN 201010208880
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Chinese (zh)
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CN101887065B (en
Inventor
龙桂忠
骆颖章
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龙桂忠
骆颖章
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Publication of CN101887065B publication Critical patent/CN101887065B/en

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Abstract

The invention discloses a full-automatic urine analyzer and a test paper plate used for the same. A selecting mechanism of the full-automatic urine analyzer mainly comprises a hollow test paper box and a lifting device, wherein the lifting device is connected with the test paper box and can drive the test paper box to move up and down integrally; a boost groove is arranged at the bottom side of the test paper box; a test paper outlet is arranged at the back side of the test paper box; a detection block is arranged in a matrix shape on the front side of a substrate; and the test paper blocks are frontally placed inside the test paper box When in service, boost teeth arranged on a conveying mechanism smoothly pass through the boost groove and push the bottommost test paper plate stored in the test paper box out from the test paper outlet to a conveyer belt. The invention has the advantages of simple structure, low cost, quick selection, reliable detection result and the like.

Description

Full automatic urine analyzer and the test paper plate that is used for this full automatic urine analyzer
Technical field
The present invention relates to urine detection and analysis field, the test paper plate that is specifically related to a kind of full automatic urine analyzer and is used for this full automatic urine analyzer.
Background technology
The urine check is the conventional sense project in modern medical engineering and the clinical medicine, is one of three big conventional sense.Urine Analyzer is to engage the instrumentation that carries out clinical urinalysis with the test paper plate that adopts the dry chemical principle to make.Test paper plate produces change color according to the content of several special components in the urine, and Urine Analyzer then is used for discerning the color of Urine test paper plate, and exports test report after being converted into component content thus.
Full automatic urine analyzer mainly by select bar mechanism, sample charging mechanism, sample disc, send bar mechanism, several major parts such as testing agency and printout mechanism form.Sending bar mechanism is reciprocating structure.Select bar mechanism, sample charging mechanism and testing agency along sending the transmission direction of bar mechanism to arrange and be located at the top of sending bar mechanism in turn.Full automatic urine analyzer needed to place in advance many positive and negative test paper plates that stack without immersion liquid in selecting bar mechanism cylinder before work.During work, place the pendulum in the cylinder to stir test paper plate back and forth, utilize the gap test paper plate of pendulum and cylinder wall freely to fall on the travelling belt that send bar mechanism from the sidewall upper shed in the cylinder at the cylinder internal cavities.The test paper plate of selecting deliver under the drive of sending bar mechanism sample charging mechanism below.Sample charging mechanism draws the urine in the sample disc, and urine dripped is immersed on the test paper plate.Be soaked with the below that the test paper plate of urine delivered to testing agency by gear train and carry out check and analysis, and analyze by with testing agency detection signal being passed to CPU, output mechanism outputs test result, detect finish after, connecting gear shifts out test paper plate and abandons.
The test paper plate that generally uses at present is the wall scroll shape, and its structure is shown in the Chinese invention patent Shen Qing Publication instructions that publication number is CN1888900A, and this test paper plate comprises substrate and is installed in a plurality of detection pieces of substrate upper surface.Detect the number of piece and determine, and these detect pieces and are arranged as a row along the length direction of substrate by the project that detects.Because the test paper plate of wall scroll shape is thinner, and test paper plate only has the detection piece in the front, send all test paper plates front of hanking, and needs a large amount of time; Secondly the also crooked easily and distortion of the test paper plate of wall scroll shape, and phenomenon such as card article appears, moreover the whereabouts attitude of test paper plate is uncontrollable, occurs the reverse side phenomenon up of test paper plate easily, can't carry out smoothly thereby cause detecting.
Summary of the invention
Existing test paper plate of technical matters to be solved by this invention and full automatic urine analyzer be the unreasonable structure of selecting bar mechanism and test paper plate of full automatic urine analyzer particularly, and cause select bar difficulty and unstable, and problem, the test paper plate that a kind of full automatic urine analyzer is provided and is used for this full automatic urine analyzer such as test result is unreliable.
For addressing the above problem, the full automatic urine analyzer that the present invention is designed is mainly by selecting bar mechanism, sample charging mechanism, sample disc, sending bar mechanism, testing agency and output mechanism to form; Send bar mechanism to comprise drive motor and the travelling belt that drives by drive motor, select bar mechanism to be built-in with test paper plate, select bar mechanism to stride the top of being located at travelling belt; Its difference is at the boosting tooth that also is provided with on the direction of transfer of travelling belt more than 2 groups or 2 groups; Select bar mechanism mainly by the paper box of hollow, and link to each other with paper box and also can drive the lifting gear that paper box moves up and down in overall and form; The cavity floor of above-mentioned paper box matches with the shape and size of test paper plate and test paper plate is faced up and overlays successively on the cavity floor of paper box; The bottom of paper box offers the boosting groove, the boosting groove connect with the internal cavities of paper box and the direction of transfer of bearing of trend and travelling belt identical; The below of the rear wall of paper box also offers a test paper outlet, and the bearing of trend of this test paper outlet is perpendicular to the direction of transfer of travelling belt; During work, lifting gear is fallen paper box, this moment, the cavity floor surface level of living in of paper box was lower than boosting tooth top portion surface level of living in, the boosting tooth passes through in the boosting groove under the drive of travelling belt smoothly, and the test paper plate of depositing in the paper box, be positioned at the bottom is pushed out on the travelling belt from the test paper exit.
For the ease of stacking of test paper plate, also upset in order to avoid shining because of test paper plate is meticulous, preferably combine on the described test paper plate by the traditional test paper plate more than 2 or 2, be test paper plate mainly by substrate be packed in on-chip detection piece and form, above-mentioned detection piece is rectangular and is arranged on the substrate; Test item along the detection piece more than 2 or 2 in the same delegation that the test paper plate Width distributes is identical, and the test item of the same detection piece more than 2 or 2 that lists that distributes along the test paper plate length direction has nothing in common with each other.
For the ease of the release of test paper plate, the stack mode of described test paper plate in paper box is preferably: the length direction of test paper plate is vertical with the direction of transfer of travelling belt, and the Width of test paper plate and the direction of transfer of travelling belt are in the same way.
In the such scheme, the distance between per 2 groups of boosting teeth should help test paper plate to put into smoothly between 2 groups of boosting teeth more than or equal to the width of test paper plate like this.
The number of every group of boosting tooth can be for more than 1 or 1, but for test paper plate being released in paper box stably, number on the described boosting tooth that is positioned on same group of such scheme is preferably more than 2 or 2, and it is vertical with the direction of motion of travelling belt all the time to be in the line of the boosting tooth on same group.
Such scheme is described, and to send the drive motor in the bar mechanism be either-rotation motor, can partly send into the below of testing agency and detect dripping the test block that soaks through sample charging mechanism in the same test paper plate like this, also can will drip the below that the test block that soaks is retracted into sample charging mechanism without sample charging mechanism in the same test paper plate.
Only can release 1 plate test paper plate of the bottom in order to ensure 1 group of boosting tooth, the difference of the cavity floor of described paper box surface level of living in and boosting tooth top portion surface level of living in is less than or equal to the thickness of test paper plate.
Be exclusively used in the test paper plate of above-mentioned full automatic urine analyzer, mainly be made up of substrate and the detection piece that is packed in the substrate front, described detection piece is rectangular and is arranged on the substrate; Test item along the detection piece more than 2 or 2 in the same delegation that the test paper plate Width distributes is identical, and the test item of the same detection piece more than 2 or 2 that lists that distributes along the test paper plate length direction has nothing in common with each other.
Drip the accuracy of soaking in order to ensure sample charging mechanism, also in order to reduce the control difficulty of sample charging mechanism, in the such scheme, the row distance that per 2 row detect between the piece is identical.
For the ease of the counting statistics of application of sample process and testing process, a side of the described substrate of such scheme preferably is provided with the count block more than 2 or 2, and all corresponding row of each count block detect piece.
Compared with prior art, the present invention is by simple architecture advances, be selecting bar mechanism and sending the improvement of bar mechanism of full automatic urine analyzer, thus overcome that existing full automatic urine analyzer selects at random that bar brings select bar unstable and select the bar difficulty and cause thus select problems such as long and testing result error of bar time; In addition, the present invention also cooperates the structure of having improved test paper plate, traditional wall scroll shape test paper plate is become many stick form test papers plate, this had both effectively prevented phenomenons such as the card article of test paper plate in selecting the bar process, distortion, can avoid test paper plate attitude in the shaping process to be difficult to control again and problem such as direction upset occurred; Therefore the present invention have simple in structure, with low cost, select a series of advantages such as bar is rapid, testing result is reliable.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of a kind of full automatic urine analyzer of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is for selecting bar mechanism structural representation of (on carry under the state) before work among Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 selects the bar mechanism structural representation of (under the decline state) at work among Fig. 1;
Fig. 4 is the structural representation of a kind of test paper plate of the present invention.
Indicate among the figure: 1, select bar mechanism; 11, paper box; 12, lifting gear; 13, boosting groove; 14, test paper outlet; 15, loam cake; 2, sample charging mechanism; 3, sample disc; 4, send bar mechanism; 41, drive motor; 42, travelling belt; 42, boosting tooth; 5, testing agency; 6, test paper plate; 61, substrate; 62, detect piece.
Embodiment
The structural representation of a kind of full automatic urine analyzer of the present invention as shown in Figure 1, it is mainly by selecting bar mechanism 1, sample charging mechanism 2, sample disc 3, sending bar mechanism 4, testing agency 5 and output mechanism to form.Select bar mechanism 1, sample charging mechanism 2 and testing agency 5 to arrange in turn and stride and be located at the top of sending bar mechanism 4 along the transmission direction of sending bar mechanism 4.The structure of the corresponding mechanism on sample charging mechanism 2, sample disc 3, testing agency 5 and output mechanism and the traditional full automatic urine analyzer is identical with installation position or close.Sample charging mechanism 2 comprises a sample arm that can vertically move and laterally move, and sample arm draws the urine in the sample disc 3, and allows urine drop on the detection piece 62 of test paper plate 6.The test paper plate 6 of delivering to its below, also flooding through urine is detected and analyzed in testing agency 5, and the signal of testing result is delivered to output mechanism.Above-mentioned output mechanism can be the data logging machine structure of printer or display or other types, is used for the testing result that testing agency 5 sends back is shown and output.
Select bar mechanism 1 main linking to each other also can drive the lifting gear 12 that paper box 11 moves up and down in overall and form by the paper box 11 of hollow and with paper box 11.Above-mentioned lifting gear 12 can adopt lifting gear 12 commonly used on the market, in the preferred embodiment of the present invention, lifting gear 12 is arranged on the left and right sides of paper box 11, comprises that promoting motor, cogged drive belt, bearing and middle part runs through the axle sleeve that is nested on the bearing.One side of above-mentioned axle sleeve is connected with transmitting cingulum, and a left side and/or the right side wall of a relative side and paper box 11 are connected.Transmit cingulum and move reciprocatingly by promoting motor-driven, and drive axle sleeve thus and slide up and down in axle sleeve, paper box 11 also moves up and down thereupon.Paper box 11 is provided with an openable loam cake 15, and its cavity is built-in with test paper plate 6, and the cavity floor of above-mentioned paper box 11 matches and test paper plate 6 is faced up with the shape and size of test paper plate 6 and overlays successively on the cavity floor of paper box 11.For test paper plate 6 being released from selecting in the bar mechanism 1 stably, overlay the test paper plate 6 in the paper box 11, its length direction is vertical with the direction of transfer of travelling belt 42, and the direction of transfer of its Width and travelling belt 42 is in the same way.The bottom of paper box 11 offers boosting groove 13, boosting groove 13 connect with the internal cavities of paper box 11 and the direction of transfer of bearing of trend and travelling belt 42 identical.The below of the rear wall of paper box 11 also offers a test paper outlet 14, and the bearing of trend of this test paper outlet 14 is perpendicular to the direction of transfer of travelling belt 42.Referring to Fig. 2 and Fig. 3.
Mainly form with the bar mechanism 1 that selects that selects bar mechanism 1 to cooperate by drive motor 41 with by the travelling belt 42 that drive motor 41 drives.Travelling belt 42 is provided with 2 groups or 2 groups of above boosting teeth 43, and these boosting teeth 43 are packed in the surface of travelling belt 42, and are intervally arranged along the direction of transfer of travelling belt 42.Distance between per 2 groups of boosting teeth 43 can be more than or equal to the width of test paper plate 6, but for the test paper plate 6 that will select bar mechanism 1 to select is limited between two groups of boosting teeth 43, simultaneously send skidding of test paper plate 6 in the bar process to influence testing result with sideslip in order to place, in the preferred embodiment of the present invention, the distance between per 2 groups of boosting teeth 43 equals the width of test paper plate 6 just.Every group of boosting tooth 43, promptly the number of the boosting tooth 43 that is provided with on perpendicular to travelling belt 42 direction of transfers can be for more than 1 or 1, but for test paper plate 6 can be released and be fallen stably, in the preferred embodiment of the present invention, the number of boosting tooth 43 is more than 2 or 2 on the same group, and it is vertical with the direction of motion of travelling belt 42 all the time to be in the line of the boosting tooth 43 on same group.The difference of the cavity floor of paper box 11 surface level of living in and boosting tooth 43 tops surface level of living in is less than or equal to the thickness of test paper plate 6, only can release 1 test paper plate 6 of the bottom to guarantee 1 group of boosting tooth 43.In order to prevent the waste of test paper plate 6, this selects bar mechanism 1 selected drive motor 41 to be either-rotation motor, the below of partly sending into testing agency 5 through 2 test blocks that soak of sample charging mechanism in the same test paper plate 6 can be detected like this, also can will be retracted into the below of sample charging mechanism 2 in the same test paper plate 6 without 2 test blocks that soak of sample charging mechanism.In addition, also belt is provided with a plurality of optocouplers and counts, these optocouplers respectively with select bar structure, sample charging mechanism 2 and testing agency 5 corresponding.
The present invention can adopt existing wall scroll shape test paper plate 6, but in order to place conveniently, the present invention preferably uses and aims at the designed special test paper plate 6 of this full automatic urine analyzer.This test paper plate 6 that is exclusively used in this full automatic urine analyzer mainly is made up of substrate 61 and the detection piece 62 that is packed on the substrate 61, above-mentioned detection piece 62 is the rectangular front that is arranged in substrate 61, test item along the detection piece 62 more than 2 or 2 in the same delegation that test paper plate 6 Widths distribute is identical, and the test item of the same detection piece 62 more than 2 or 2 that lists that distributes along test paper plate 6 length directions has nothing in common with each other.The row distance that per 2 row detect between the piece 62 is identical.One side of described substrate 61 is provided with the count block more than 2 or 2, and all corresponding row of each count block detect piece 62.Referring to Fig. 4.
Full automatic urine analyzer is before work, need in the cavity that selects bar mechanism 1, to place many in advance without dripping the test paper plate 6 that soaks, these test paper plates 6 are heads successively overlay paper box 11 on, the test paper plate 6 of its bottom pastes mutually with the boosting groove 13 that the bottom surface and the bottom of cavity offered, export to flat, referring to Fig. 2 with test paper plate 6 in the horizontal direction.During work, lifting gear 12 is fallen paper box 11, this moment, the cavity floor surface level of living in of paper box 11 was lower than boosting tooth 43 tops surface level of living in, boosting tooth 43 passes through in boosting groove 13 under the drive of travelling belt 42 smoothly, and test paper plate 6 that deposit, that be positioned at the bottom in the paper box 11 is exported 14 from test paper be pushed out on the travelling belt 42, referring to Fig. 3.Test paper plate 6 deliver under the drive of sending bar mechanism 4 sample charging mechanism 2 below.The sample arm of sample charging mechanism 2 draws after the urine in the sample disc 3 urine dripped and is immersed on the test paper plate 6.A kind of urine of sampling is also dripped and is immersed on the row detection piece 62 at every turn, and urine not of the same race is then dripped on the detection piece 62 that is immersed in different lines.Be soaked with the below that the test paper plate 6 of urine delivered to testing agency 5 by gear train and carry out check and analysis, and output test result by the output mechanism that links to each other with testing agency 5.By being arranged on the use amount of selecting near the optocoupler counting statistics test paper plate 6 that is provided with the bar structure, detecting pieces 62 by application of sample and detection near sample charging mechanism 2 and testing agency 5, promptly there are how many row to detect pieces 62 and used by how many row are arranged in the test paper plate 6 of optocoupler counting statistics that is provided with.Detect in the test paper plate 6 as counter and to also have 1 row or the above indicator paper block of 1 row not to be used, then drive motor 41 counter-rotatings drive travelling belts 42 and moves backward, and next application of sample is waited until in the test paper below of delivering to sample charging mechanism 2 of resetting; Indicator paper block as all row in test paper plate 6 of counter inspection detection all is used, and then drive motor 41 drives travelling belts 42 continuation operation operation forward, test paper plate 6 is shifted out abandon.
The core of this full automatic urine analyzer is to select bar mechanism 1, places test paper plate 6 that selects in the bar mechanism 1 and the architecture advances of sending bar mechanism 4.In addition, the present invention not only uses the detection with urine, also is applicable to the detection of blood simultaneously.

Claims (10)

1. full automatic urine analyzer is mainly by selecting bar mechanism (1), sample charging mechanism (2), sample disc (3), sending bar mechanism (4), testing agency (5) and output mechanism to form; Send bar mechanism (4) to comprise drive motor (41) and the travelling belt (42) that drives by drive motor (41), select bar mechanism (1) to be built-in with test paper plate (6), select bar mechanism (1) to stride the top of being located at travelling belt (42); It is characterized in that: at the boosting tooth (43) that also is provided with on the direction of transfer of travelling belt (42) more than 2 groups or 2 groups; Select bar mechanism (1) main linking to each other also can drive the lifting gear (12) that paper box (11) moves up and down in overall and form by the paper box (11) of hollow and with paper box (11); The cavity floor of above-mentioned paper box (11) matches and test paper plate (6) is faced up with the shape and size of test paper plate (6) and overlays successively on the cavity floor of paper box (11); The bottom of paper box (11) offers boosting groove (13), boosting groove (13) connect with the internal cavities of paper box (11) and the direction of transfer of bearing of trend and travelling belt (42) identical; The below of the rear wall of paper box (11) also offers a test paper outlet (14), and the bearing of trend of this test paper outlet (14) is perpendicular to the direction of transfer of travelling belt (42); During work, lifting gear (12) is fallen paper box (11), the cavity floor surface level of living in of paper box this moment (11) is lower than boosting tooth (43) top surface level of living in, boosting tooth (43) passes through in boosting groove (13) under the drive of travelling belt (42) smoothly, and test paper plate that deposit, that be positioned at the bottom (6) in the paper box (11) is pushed out on the travelling belt (42) from test paper outlet (14).
2. full automatic urine analyzer according to claim 1 is characterized in that: test paper plate (6) mainly is made up of substrate (61) and the detection piece (62) that is packed on the substrate (61), and above-mentioned detection piece (62) is rectangular and is arranged on the substrate (61); Test item along the detection piece (62) more than 2 or 2 in the same delegation that test paper plate (6) Width distributes is identical, and the test item of the same detection piece (62) more than 2 or 2 that lists that distributes along test paper plate (6) length direction has nothing in common with each other.
3. full automatic urine analyzer according to claim 1 and 2, it is characterized in that: overlay the test paper plate (6) in the paper box (11), its length direction is vertical with the direction of transfer of travelling belt (42), and the direction of transfer of its Width and travelling belt (42) in the same way.
4. full automatic urine analyzer according to claim 3 is characterized in that: the distance between per 2 groups of boosting teeth (43) is all more than or equal to the width of test paper plate (6).
5. full automatic urine analyzer according to claim 1 and 2, it is characterized in that: the number of the boosting tooth (43) on every group of boosting tooth (43) is more than 2 or 2, and it is vertical with the direction of motion of travelling belt (42) all the time to be in the line of the boosting tooth (43) on same group.
6. full automatic urine analyzer according to claim 1 and 2 is characterized in that: sending the drive motor (41) in the bar mechanism (4) is either-rotation motor.
7. full automatic urine analyzer according to claim 1 is characterized in that: the difference of the cavity floor surface level of living in of paper box (11) and boosting tooth (43) top surface level of living in is less than or equal to the thickness of test paper plate (6).
8. test paper plate, mainly by substrate (61) be packed in the positive detection piece (62) of substrate (61) and form, it is characterized in that: described detection piece (62) is rectangular and is arranged on the substrate (61); Test item along the detection piece (62) more than 2 or 2 in the same delegation that test paper plate (6) Width distributes is identical, and the test item of the same detection piece (62) more than 2 or 2 that lists that distributes along test paper plate (6) length direction has nothing in common with each other.
9. test paper plate according to claim 8 is characterized in that: the row distance that per 2 row detect between the piece (62) is identical.
10. according to Claim 8 or 9 described test paper plates, it is characterized in that: a side of described substrate (61) is provided with the count block more than 2 or 2, and all corresponding row of each count block detect piece (62).
CN201010208880A 2010-06-23 2010-06-23 Full-automatic urine analyzer and test paper plate used for same CN101887065B (en)

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WO2012130131A1 (en) * 2011-03-30 2012-10-04 Liao Qinghua Adding and pushing out device suitable for plate-type reagents
WO2013123661A1 (en) * 2012-02-23 2013-08-29 爱威科技股份有限公司 Test strip dispensing device for fully-automatic dry chemical analyzer
CN103823074A (en) * 2014-02-27 2014-05-28 何勇 Automatic urine analyzer
CN103913561A (en) * 2013-01-09 2014-07-09 西安鑫龙医疗器械有限公司 Test paper delivery device
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CN103991638A (en) * 2013-02-18 2014-08-20 上海优爱宝机器人技术有限公司 Test strip storage box and device used for taking test strips from test strip storage box
CN104155437A (en) * 2014-08-27 2014-11-19 珠海科域生物工程有限公司 Automatic card adding and conveying device of colloidal gold test paper card
CN104391108A (en) * 2014-12-04 2015-03-04 爱威科技股份有限公司 Test paper separation device
CN104790487A (en) * 2015-03-27 2015-07-22 深圳大学 Automatic intelligent closestool for urine analysis, urine analysis method and system thereof
CN104914265A (en) * 2015-05-25 2015-09-16 李昌伟 Full-automatic urine analyzer
CN105259171A (en) * 2015-11-11 2016-01-20 天津九安医疗电子股份有限公司 Automatic immersion system and portable urine analyzer
CN105738609A (en) * 2016-05-10 2016-07-06 北京峰誉科技有限公司 Urine detection device and intelligent closestool comprising same
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WO2012130131A1 (en) * 2011-03-30 2012-10-04 Liao Qinghua Adding and pushing out device suitable for plate-type reagents
WO2013123661A1 (en) * 2012-02-23 2013-08-29 爱威科技股份有限公司 Test strip dispensing device for fully-automatic dry chemical analyzer
CN103913561A (en) * 2013-01-09 2014-07-09 西安鑫龙医疗器械有限公司 Test paper delivery device
CN103991638A (en) * 2013-02-18 2014-08-20 上海优爱宝机器人技术有限公司 Test strip storage box and device used for taking test strips from test strip storage box
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CN103823074A (en) * 2014-02-27 2014-05-28 何勇 Automatic urine analyzer
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CN104155437A (en) * 2014-08-27 2014-11-19 珠海科域生物工程有限公司 Automatic card adding and conveying device of colloidal gold test paper card
CN104155437B (en) * 2014-08-27 2016-03-02 珠海科域生物工程有限公司 Colloidal gold test paper card adds card conveyer automatically
CN104391108A (en) * 2014-12-04 2015-03-04 爱威科技股份有限公司 Test paper separation device
CN104790487A (en) * 2015-03-27 2015-07-22 深圳大学 Automatic intelligent closestool for urine analysis, urine analysis method and system thereof
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CN104914265A (en) * 2015-05-25 2015-09-16 李昌伟 Full-automatic urine analyzer
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CN105738609A (en) * 2016-05-10 2016-07-06 北京峰誉科技有限公司 Urine detection device and intelligent closestool comprising same
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