CN101886304B - Ring-spun cashmere, wool and spun silk blended yarn and manufacture process thereof - Google Patents

Ring-spun cashmere, wool and spun silk blended yarn and manufacture process thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101886304B
CN101886304B CN2010102265390A CN201010226539A CN101886304B CN 101886304 B CN101886304 B CN 101886304B CN 2010102265390 A CN2010102265390 A CN 2010102265390A CN 201010226539 A CN201010226539 A CN 201010226539A CN 101886304 B CN101886304 B CN 101886304B
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China
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wool
cashmere
spun
yarn
spinning
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CN2010102265390A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN101886304A (en
Inventor
李汉利
鲍智波
李希波
刘思升
冯涛
李汉顺
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山东宏业纺织股份有限公司
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Publication of CN101886304A publication Critical patent/CN101886304A/en
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Abstract

The invention relates to a ring-spun cashmere, wool and spun silk blended yarn and a manufacture process thereof, belonging to the technical field of spinning and aiming to solve the problem on how to provide a cashmere, wool and spun silk blended yarn having the advantages of warm keeping, smoothness, magnificence, nobleness and lowered finished product price and a manufacture process of the blended yarn. The purpose is achieved through the following technical scheme: the blended yarn comprises the following components in percentage by weight: 20 percent of cashmere, 30 percent of wool and 50 percent of spun silk, and the yarn count is 28S. The manufacture process of the blended yarn comprises the following steps of: (1) pretreating fibers before spinning; (2) mixing the cashmere, the wool and the spun silks and then opening for scotching; (3) carding the opened and scotched mixed fibers; (4) drawing out; (5) roving; (6) spinning; and (7) spooling. Compared with the prior art, the blended yarn has the characteristics of warm keeping, smoothness, magnificence and nobleness; and clothing made from the yarn is comfortable to wear, and the product price is lowered.

Description

RING SPINNING cashmere, wool, silk blending yarn and manufacturing technique thereof
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of blended yarn and manufacturing technique thereof, more particularly, the present invention relates to RING SPINNING cashmere, wool, silk blending yarn and manufacturing technique thereof, belong to textile technology field.
Background technology
Cashmere, wool, spun silk all belong to natural protein fibre, and the fiber list is low by force, and is fluffy, and cohesive force is relatively poor.With half spinning or wool spinning, silk spinning, can spin at high proportion or the product of pure natural protein fibre, but institute spin and props up slightly, flexibility is poor, and range of application is less, and can not well embody the characteristic and the advantage of natural protein fibre.
Because spin the natural protein fibre product with ring ingot technology, have following advantage: yarn count is thin, the fabric sofetening degree is good, and gas permeability is strong, and fabric is slim and graceful, warming, can be widely used in underwear, garment material etc., and the clothes elegance is luxurious, unique style.Thereby now, a lot of producers are all at the blending product of producing the RING SPINNING natural protein fibre.But electrostatic phenomenon is serious in process of production owing to natural protein fibre, cause and produce difficulty, and unstable product quality, the content of natural protein fibre is less in the product of most of manufacturer production, does not more produce pure natural protein fibre product.
But its resistance value of natural protein fibre is higher, make its processing or take in the process since each other friction cause electric charge to accumulate in to be difficult to loss on the fiber, to produce bigger static, cause between fiber cohesive force relatively poor.Spin natural protein fibre with ring ingot technology, on rolling on the blowing and carding machine, become to net difficult, at drafting, rove, spinning process, it is serious particularly to twine roller at mixing in doubling step.In addition, natural protein fibre is bigger than resistance, and electrostatic phenomenon is generally heavier, causes harmful yarn defect to increase considerably.
Because of the cohesive force of natural protein fibres such as cashmere, wool, spun silk relatively poor; So need transform, adjust to the technology and the part of appliance of blowing lapper, carding machine, drafting, rove, spun yarn etc.; Fiber can be shifted smoothly, guarantee semi-finished product and end product quality.In addition, because of the ratio resistance of natural protein fibres such as cashmere, wool, spun silk is big, serious static is handled so will carry out antistatic to it, also need be to roller and the preferred optimal hardness of apron and the suitable processing coating ratio of drafting, rove, spun yarn.
Cashmere product is soft, and matte is plentiful, give elegant luxurious sensation, but it costs an arm and a leg; The characteristics of spun silk are to give fabric magnificent outward appearance, and are soft, sliding glutinous like charming gloss as the moonlight, make fabric noble elegant.But that the spun silk lining is easy to is wrinkling, fade; Thick because of wool fibre, rigidity is big, traditional Woolens be prone to produce tingling sensation in dress, uncomfortable, clothes are yielding.
Summary of the invention
One of the object of the invention provides a kind ofly has warming, smooth, magnificent, noble characteristics, and the snugness of fit of clothes, has reduced RING SPINNING cashmere, wool, the silk blending yarn of finished product price.
Two of the object of the invention provides the manufacturing technique of a kind of RING SPINNING cashmere, wool, silk blending yarn.
Above-mentioned purpose of the present invention realizes through following technical proposals:
RING SPINNING cashmere of the present invention, wool, silk blending yarn are made up of cashmere, wool and spun silk, and wherein the percentage by weight of cashmere, wool and spun silk is: cashmere 20%, wool 30%, spun silk 50%; Yarn count is 28S.
Further, the performance indications of said blended yarn are following:
The manufacturing technique of cashmere of the present invention, wool, silk blending yarn comprises following step: preceding fiber preliminary treatment is spun in (1): (3) cashmere, wool, spun silk carry out the shredding scutching cotton after mixing; (4) blended fiber behind the shredding scutching cotton is carried out comb and parallel cotton fibers prior to spinning; (5) drafting; (6) rove; (7) spun yarn; (8) winder.
In the manufacturing technique of cashmere of the present invention, wool, silk blending yarn; The fiber preprocessing process is before spinning: be sprayed on cashmere, wool and the spun silk material of tiling after water and antistatic additive were mixed by weight 100: 3, stirring then and placing temperature is more than 50 ℃ and relative humidity is that storage cotton chamber placement 80% or more is more than 24 hours.
In the manufacturing technique of cashmere of the present invention, wool, silk blending yarn, the technological parameter of said shredding scutching cotton is: cotton rolling quantity 360g/m, lap fixed length 28m, cotton-slitting beater rotating speed 450r/min, the comprehensive hired roughneck's rotating speed of three wings card wire 800r/min.
In the manufacturing technique of cashmere of the present invention, wool, silk blending yarn; The technological parameter of said comb and parallel cotton fibers prior to spinning is: weight of card sliver 15g/5m; Cylinder speed 330r/min; Licker-in speed 710r/min, doffer speed 16r/min, the 0.4mm that spaces of cylinder and cover plate, 0.38mm, 0.38mm, 0.38mm, 0.40mm.
In the manufacturing technique of cashmere of the present invention, wool, silk blending yarn, said drawing process parameter is: head also adopts 6 also, and back zone drafting multiple is 1.5; Two and adopt 8 also, back zone drafting multiple is 1.5; The end also adopts 8 also, and back zone drafting multiple is controlled at 1.15~1.25; One to three and drafting quantitatively be respectively 15g/5m, 14.5g/5m, 14.5g/5m; End and roller gauge are 10mm * 18mm, and the horn mouth diameter is 3mm, and end sliver exporting speed also is 90m/min.
In the manufacturing technique of cashmere of the present invention, wool, silk blending yarn, the technological parameter of said rove is: rove is done and quantitatively is 4.2g/10m, and roller gauge 27mm * 30mm, back zone drafting multiple are 1.2 times, spacing block 4.5mm, front roller speed 160r/min.
In the manufacturing technique of cashmere of the present invention, wool, silk blending yarn, the spinning process parameter is: the spun yarn back zone drafting multiple is 1.2 times, sieve position 20mm * 30m that spaces, and twist factor is 315, and front roller speed is 198r/min, and spacing block is used 3.0mm.
In the manufacturing technique of cashmere of the present invention, wool, silk blending yarn, the linear velocity of bobbin winder is 800m/min in the said winding procedure.
Compared with prior art, union twist yarn that the present invention knits and fabric not only have warming, smooth, magnificent, noble characteristics, and the snugness of fit of clothes, have reduced the finished product price.
The specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with embodiment the present invention is done specific descriptions.Can know that by technological general knowledge the present invention can realize that following embodiment just illustrates through necessary embodiment of not breaking away from of other, is not only, all within the scope of the present invention or the change that is equal in the scope of the present invention all comprised by the present invention.
A kind of RING SPINNING cashmere, wool, silk blending yarn, the percentage by weight of said blended yarn is: cashmere 20%, wool 30%, spun silk 50%; Yarn count is 28S.
The process for making of above-mentioned blended yarn comprises following step: preceding fiber preliminary treatment is spun in (1): (3) cashmere, wool, spun silk carry out the shredding scutching cotton after mixing; (4) blended fiber behind the shredding scutching cotton is carried out comb and parallel cotton fibers prior to spinning; (5) drafting; (6) rove; (7) spun yarn; (8) winder.
Following mask body is introduced the main technologic parameters and the technical measures of each operation:
1, spins preceding fiber preliminary treatment
Be sprayed on cashmere, wool and the spun silk material of tiling after water and antistatic additive mixed by weight 100: 3, stirring then and placing temperature is more than 50 ℃ and relative humidity is that storage cotton chamber placement 80% or more is more than 24 hours.Adopt this kind mode can effectively reduce natural protein fibre and in spinning process, gather charge generation static with the parts friction, those skilled in the art can expect adopting the steam heating and humidifying method that the temperature and humidity of the cotton chamber of storage is provided certainly.
2, shredding scutching cotton
Three kinds of pretreated fibers are mixed well after with artificial mixed, put into bale plucker.Long in order to prevent that lap from tearing and adhesion phenomenon when bringing down a fever, newly to roll up to be difficult for standing time, and coat with plastic sheeting, distribute to avoid finish and moisture.
In order to guarantee producing wound laps, suitably increase the pressure of rolling pressurization roller, to compress fibrage density.A036B adopts card wire cylinder hired roughneck, beats to comb generation.The technological parameter of said shredding scutching cotton is: cotton rolling quantity 360g/m, and lap fixed length 28m, cotton-slitting beater rotating speed 450r/min, the comprehensive hired roughneck's rotating speed of three wings card wire 800r/min,
3, comb and parallel cotton fibers prior to spinning
In this process, select Bearded-needle knitted cloth for use, and amplify the spacing of cylinder and cover plate; Cause the problem of twining cylinder with fiber and metallic card clothing friction generates static in the alleviation branch comb process; The technological parameter of said comb and parallel cotton fibers prior to spinning is: weight of card sliver 15g/5m, cylinder speed 330r/min, licker-in speed 710r/min; Doffer speed 16r/min, the 0.4mm that spaces of cylinder and cover plate, 0.38mm, 0.38mm, 0.38mm, 0.40mm.
4, drafting
Select the FA302 drawing frame for use, said drawing process parameter is: head also adopts 6 also, and back zone drafting multiple is 1.5; Two and adopt 8 also, back zone drafting multiple is 1.5; The end also adopts 8 also, and back zone drafting multiple is controlled at 1.15~1.25; One to three and drafting quantitatively be respectively 15g/5m, 14.5g/5m, 14.5g/5m; End and roller gauge are 10mm * 18mm, and the horn mouth diameter is 3mm, and end sliver exporting speed also is 90m/min.
5, rove
The technological parameter of said rove is: rove is done and quantitatively is 4.2g/10m, and roller gauge 27mm * 30mm, back zone drafting multiple are 1.2 times, spacing block 4.5mm, front roller speed 160r/min.
6, spun yarn
The spinning process parameter is: the spun yarn back zone drafting multiple is 1.2 times, sieve position 20mm * 30m that spaces, and twist factor is 315, and front roller speed is 198r/min, and spacing block is used 3.0mm.
7, winder
Select for use Germany to produce and grant the Lay good fortune 338 automatic winders, the linear velocity of bobbin winder is 800m/min in the said winding procedure.
The product that produces, the performance indications of measuring said blended yarn are following:
Can find out from last table, constant product quality, each item index all meets standard-required.

Claims (2)

1. the manufacturing technique of a RING SPINNING cashmere, wool, silk blending yarn; Its technical process comprises following several steps: preceding fiber preliminary treatment, (2) shredding scutching cotton, (3) comb and parallel cotton fibers prior to spinning, (4) drafting, (5) rove, (6) spun yarn, (7) winder are spun in (1), it is characterized in that:
Said step is specific as follows,
The fiber preprocessing process is before spinning: water and antistatic additive are sprayed on cashmere, wool and the spun silk material of tiling after mixing in 100: 3; Stirring then and placing temperature is more than 50 ℃ and relative humidity is that the cotton chamber of storage more than 80% is placed more than 24 hours;
Cashmere, wool, spun silk mix back shredding scutching cotton, and the technological parameter of said shredding scutching cotton is: cotton rolling quantity 360g/m, lap fixed length 28m, cotton-slitting beater rotating speed 450r/min, the comprehensive hired roughneck's rotating speed of three wings card wire 800r/min;
The technological parameter of said comb and parallel cotton fibers prior to spinning is: weight of card sliver 15g/5m, cylinder speed 330r/min, licker-in speed 710r/min, doffer speed 16r/min, the 0.4mm that spaces of cylinder and cover plate, 0.38mm, 0.38mm, 0.40mm;
Said drawing process parameter is: head also adopts 6 also, and back zone drafting multiple is 1.5; Two and adopt 8 also, back zone drafting multiple is 1.5; The end also adopts 8 also, and back zone drafting multiple is controlled at 1.15~1.25; One to three and drafting quantitatively be respectively 15g/5m, 14.5g/5m, 14.5g/5m; End and roller gauge are 10mmX18mm, and the horn mouth diameter is 3mm, and end sliver exporting speed also is 90m/min;
The technological parameter of said rove is: rove is done and quantitatively is 4.2g/10m, and roller gauge 27mmX30mm, back zone drafting multiple are 1.2 times, spacing block 4.5mm, front roller speed 160r/min;
The spinning process parameter is: the spun yarn back zone drafting multiple is 1.2 times, and roller gauge 20mmX30mm, twist factor are 315, and front roller speed is 198r/min, and spacing block is used 3.0mm;
The linear velocity of bobbin winder is 800m/min in the said winding procedure.
2. RING SPINNING cashmere, wool, silk blending yarn that utilizes the described fabrication process of claim 1, it is characterized in that: weight percent part of said blended yarn is: cashmere 20, wool 30, spun silk 50, yarn count are 28S.
CN2010102265390A 2010-07-14 2010-07-14 Ring-spun cashmere, wool and spun silk blended yarn and manufacture process thereof CN101886304B (en)

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Families Citing this family (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
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CN103284341A (en) * 2012-02-28 2013-09-11 太仓市隆丝达针织时装有限责任公司 Woolen sweater
CN103774319B (en) * 2012-10-18 2015-08-26 江苏丹毛纺织股份有限公司 The production method of spun silk wool blend worsted fabric
CN102936772B (en) * 2012-11-16 2016-01-13 宁夏嘉源绒业集团有限公司 High-count worsted cashmere silk blending yarn and manufacture method thereof
CN104060376A (en) * 2013-03-19 2014-09-24 恒源祥(集团)有限公司 Staple wool blended knitting fabric with low content of wool fiber
CN103343405A (en) * 2013-07-12 2013-10-09 德州华源生态科技有限公司 Method for carding and mixing wool and chemical fibers
CN103789904A (en) * 2014-01-27 2014-05-14 丁海旭 Polyimide woven cloth and preparation method thereof
CN103806206B (en) * 2014-01-27 2016-12-07 昆山彤顺针织品有限公司 A kind of polyimides looped fabric and preparation method thereof
CN103820906B (en) * 2014-03-20 2016-03-16 山东宏业纺织股份有限公司 Ring-spun cashmere/silk blending high-count yarn and production method thereof
CN104878494A (en) * 2015-06-15 2015-09-02 桐乡市运盛纺织有限公司 Spinning technology for moisture-absorbing and warm-keeping type semi-worsted yarn and yarn
CN105442126A (en) * 2015-12-15 2016-03-30 桐乡市濮院羊毛衫职业技术学校 Production method of blended cashmere yarn
CN105442127A (en) * 2015-12-15 2016-03-30 桐乡市濮院羊毛衫职业技术学校 Blended woolen sweater
CN106222825A (en) * 2016-08-19 2016-12-14 桐乡市易德纺织有限公司 A kind of production technology of silk floss cashmere Semi-worsted yarn
CN109056136B (en) * 2018-10-09 2020-08-18 康赛妮集团有限公司 Production method for yakwool and spun silk blending

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CN1027460C (en) * 1992-01-18 1995-01-18 银川六合绒业公司 66-80 count pure cashmere fine count yarn and spinning method thereof
CN1039840C (en) * 1994-11-30 1998-09-16 代子禄 Blend fabric of fine wool and silk
CN1209512C (en) * 2002-09-26 2005-07-06 泰安康平纳毛纺织有限公司 Method of producing super thin woolen spinning fabric
CN1297701C (en) * 2005-11-30 2007-01-31 山东恒泰纺织有限公司 Semi-spinning cashmere and its processing method

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