CN101884992B - New energy-saving cleaning technology and device of light oil rail tanker, liquefied gas tanker or ammonia tanker - Google Patents

New energy-saving cleaning technology and device of light oil rail tanker, liquefied gas tanker or ammonia tanker Download PDF

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CN101884992B
CN101884992B CN2010102262227A CN201010226222A CN101884992B CN 101884992 B CN101884992 B CN 101884992B CN 2010102262227 A CN2010102262227 A CN 2010102262227A CN 201010226222 A CN201010226222 A CN 201010226222A CN 101884992 B CN101884992 B CN 101884992B
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China
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water
pump
cleaning
tanker
oil
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CN2010102262227A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN101884992A (en
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杨贵荣
曾进忠
王耕捷
官崇祺
郭志强
张涛
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昆明铁路局科学技术研究所
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Abstract

The invention relates to a new environmentally friendly and energy-saving cleaning technology and device of light oil rail tankers, liquefied gas tankers or ammonia tankers, which adopt the jet cleaning technology, the hot water supply technology and the waste oil/gas recovery technology. The invention belongs to the cleaning equipment of the railway tank car. The technology of the invention is as follows: solar energy is fully utilized, an air heat pump is used to obtain the heat energy of the environment; the obtained 60-90 DEG C hot water is used for cleaning while a three-dimensional tank washer, a centrifugal pump and a self-sucking pump are used to perform cleaning, suction, vacuum suction and oil-water separation at the same time; a waste oil/gas recovery device and an oil-water separation device are used to recover and utilize the waste oil and gas in various light oil rail tankers, liquefied gas tankers or ammonia tankers through the oil-water separation technology. Therefore, the cleaning efficiency is increased and the labor intensity is reduced.

Description

Light oil rail tanker, Liquefied gas tanker or ammonia tank car new energy-saving cleaning technology and equipment
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of employing jet cleaning technique, hot water provisioning technique, waste oil/waste gas recovery technology and oily water separation technique, the new technology and the equipment of energy-conservation cleaning railway transportation light oil tank wagon, Liquefied gas tanker or ammonia tank car.Belong to tank car cleaning equipment field.
Background technology
China all has millions of tank cars regularly to clean every year.Common tank car cleaning method work method, wash method, steamed fumigation and chemical method.The ablution cleaning efficiency of working is low, and workman's amount of labour is not greatly used yet.The method that washes is cleaned needs to consume great lot of water resources, cleans clean inadequately potassium hydroxide.Chemical method cleans to be needed to use chemical, can produce environmental pollution in a large number.China railways tank car cleaning method mainly is the smoked technology of steamed now, and its operation is first with hot water injection's (or washing agent is scrubbed) tank truck inner wall, and then with two steps of hot blast drying.The smoked technology amount of labour maximum of steamed is in flushing or scrubs operation that the workman needs in the tank car jar, to accomplish the manual labor of cleaning Vehicle inwall greasy dirt operation.Because there is dirty, malicious, hot, the environment of choking in tank car; Can cause this post workman to suffer from multiple occupational disease; Also often occur scavenger in the news and enter into and prepare in the tank car to clean,, cause workman's paralysis of poisoning to be poured on the industrial accident report in the jar because of there being a large amount of oil vapours in the jar.
Because the China railways tank car is from transporting consideration safely; The oil truck bottom is not designed the charge of oil hole or is unloaded oilhole; This structural defective; Make China's tank car clean difficulty, sewage can only be extracted out from the tank car top-portion apertures, and Chinese patent disclosed the cleaning method and the used cleaning equipment thereof of a rail tank car or similar greasy dirt in oil tank wagon in 93 years; The cleaning equipment of this patent greasy dirt in oil tank wagon of railway comprises vavuum pump, pulling equipment, oil truck washing trough machine and throughcirculation dryer, and four operations of working continuously are arranged: vavuum pump extracts Residual oil operation in the oil truck; Greasy dirt while Pressure water discharging operation in the oil truck washing trough machine pressurized hot water flushing car; The throughcirculation dryer drying process.But exist railway to accomplish with segmentation in the various cleanings all, its cleaning frequency is long; The various sewage that produce during cleaning do not have retracting device; Clean all special firing equipments and supply with hot water, cost is high, also needs the people to enter in the oil truck sometimes and cleans, and accident potential is not eliminated.
Summary of the invention
It is not enough to the objective of the invention is to overcome above-mentioned prior art, invents a kind of new technology and equipment that cleans light oil rail tanker or Liquefied gas tanker or ammonia tank car with energy-conservation cleaning way.It makes full use of solar energy, air heat pump obtains heat energy in the environment, obtains 60 ℃ of-90 ℃ of hot water and is used for cleaning, and uses three-dimensional device for cleaning tank, centrifugal pump and self priming pump simultaneously; Realization cleaning, suction, vacuum draw and water-oil separating are carried out synchronously; Utilize waste oil, waste gas recovering device and oily-water seperating equipment,, recycle the waste oil/waste gas technology in all kinds of light oil rail tankers, Liquefied gas tanker or the ammonia tank car through oily water separation technique; Improve cleaning efficiency, reduce labour intensity.
The technical scheme that the present invention adopts is: light oil rail tanker, Liquefied gas tanker or ammonia tank car new energy-saving cleaning technology and equipment are by hot water joint supply device; Boiler (70), centrifugal pump (32), three-dimensional device for cleaning tank (33), self priming pump (34), vavuum pump (50,51), control appliance (36), retracting device (37), separator (38), middle water treatment facilities (39), pulling equipment (30), hanging device (31) constitute cleaning equipment; Control appliance (36) is connected with hanging device (31) with self priming pump (34), vavuum pump (50,51), centrifugal pump (32), drain oil recovery equipment (37), oily-water seperating equipment (38), middle water treatment facilities (39), pulling equipment (30) respectively through cable; Centrifugal pump (32) one termination boilers (70), another termination lifting pipe; Vavuum pump (50) one termination drain oil recovery equipments (37), another termination suction tube; Water treatment facilities (39) in vavuum pump (51) one terminations, another termination suction tube;
Earlier the simplified waste oil in oil truck inside is drawn into drain oil recovery equipment (37) with vavuum pump (50); Use centrifugal pump (32) that hot water is pressurizeed then; Be placed on the inner three-dimensional device for cleaning tank (33) of oil truck through revolving in advance; The inwall of oil truck is carried out jetting type cleans, the waste water after the cleaning through the self priming pump (34) of putting into oil truck in advance be drawn into oily-water seperating equipment (38) perhaps water treatment facilities (39) handle; Use vavuum pump (51) that the waste gas of oil truck inside is aspirated at last again.
Nozzle in the described three-dimensional device for cleaning tank (33) can carry out 360 ° of rotating jets and clean or position the jet cleaning.
Hanging device (31) can put the drinking-water pipe of the lifting pipe of centrifugal pump (32), three-dimensional device for cleaning tank (33), self priming pump (34), the disposable lifting of suction tube of vavuum pump (50,51) in place respectively.
Described retracting device (37) is meant drain oil recovery equipment or waste gas recovering device, is used to recycle Residual oil; Described separator (38) is meant oily-water seperating equipment; When operation centrifugal pump (32), three-dimensional device for cleaning tank (33) and self priming pump (34), clean, aspirate waste water work synchronously, the water yield of spraying hot water equates with the water yield of suction waste water.
Described hot water joint supply device by air source heat pump (1), solar thermal collector (2), fan coil (3), lower coil pipe floor heating (4), auxiliary electric heater unit (5), water pump (60,61,62,63), boiler (70), air conditioning hot case (71), pipeline (80,81,811,82,821,83,831,84,841,85,851,86,861,87,871,88), valve (9), flowmeter (10), controller (11), power supply (13), cable (120,121,122,123,124,125,126), heat exchanger (14) constitute, air source heat pump (1) through water pump (60) after through pipeline (82,821) and boiler (70) connection; Solar thermal collector (2) is connected through pipeline (81,811) and boiler (70); Behind cold water process valve (9) and the flowmeter (10), get in the boiler (70) through pipeline (80), hot water is through pipeline (88) output in the boiler (70); Heat exchanger (14) is connected through pipeline (83,831) and boiler (70) behind water pump (61); Heat exchanger (14) is connected through pipeline (86,861) and air conditioning hot case (71) behind water pump (62), and ground lower coil pipe floor heating (4) is connected through pipeline (87,871) and pipeline (84,841); Fan coil (3) is connected through air conditioning hot case (71) through pipeline (84,841) behind water pump (63); Auxiliary electric heater unit (5) is housed in the air conditioning hot case (71); Controller (11) is through cable (120,121,122,123,124,125,126) difference control air source heat pump (1) and water pump (60), auxiliary electric heater unit (5), water pump (63), water pump (62) and water pump (61).
Controller (11) control auxiliary electric heater unit (5) is as returning heating source or as air source heat pump (1) or solar thermal collector (2) independent failure or whole subsequent use thermal water sources of faults.
Refrigeration in the integrated use device is to adopt fan coil (3), and heating is to adopt ground lower coil pipe floor heating (4).
Hot water in the described boiler (70) under controller (11) control, is air conditioning hot case (71) heat exchange, heating through heat exchanger (14), water pump (62) and water pump (61).
Railway of the present invention (light oil) tank car new energy-saving cleaning technology equipment comprises hot water joint supply device (1), centrifugal pump (2), three-dimensional device for cleaning tank (3), self priming pump (4), vavuum pump (50,51), control appliance (6), drain oil recovery equipment (7), oily-water seperating equipment (8), middle water treatment facilities (9), pulling equipment (10), hanging device (11) etc.Described hot water joint supply device is by solar thermal collector, air source heat pump or earth source heat pump or water resource heat pump or middle heat pump of high-temp water source, water circulating pump, water tank, pipe-line system, valve system, control system, power supply, cable, utilizes in solar energy and the air heat energy to produce 60-90 ℃ of hot water and uses uninterrupted supply as producing.
Hot water joint supply device of the present invention as much as possible utilizes heat energy in solar energy, the air, underground water heat energy and surface water heat energy heating tank car to clean and uses hot water, uninterruptedly supplies 60-90 ℃ of hot water, reduces energy consumption.
The present invention is under the co-operation of pulling equipment 30 and hanging device 31; With oil truck and three-dimensional device for cleaning tank placed in position, utilize three-dimensional device for cleaning tank one point location cleaning technique, three-dimensional device for cleaning tank realizes that through hydro powered 360 ° of jets clean; Pressure 1.0-2.0Mpa, flow 6-10m 3/ h.
Centrifugal pump of the present invention 32, three-dimensional device for cleaning tank 33 and self priming pump 34 jet simultaneously clean suck purge waste water simultaneously.
The inventive method is simple, and structure is ingenious, applicable to cleaning various types of tank cars; It has improved operating efficiency; The person's of lightening one's labor intensity and minimizing industrial accident are promoted the use of this patent project, and can practice thrift millions of tons of resources every year for country; Having extensive market prospects is, a kind of energy-saving and environmental protection, low carbon products.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is that hot water joint supply device that the present invention uses is coupled to each other and concerns sketch map.
Fig. 2 is the sketch map that railway light oil of the present invention or liquefied ammonia tank car new energy-saving cleaning technology are coupled to each other relation.
Fig. 3 is that railway Liquefied gas tanker new energy-saving cleaning technology of the present invention is coupled to each other and concerns sketch map.
Among Fig. 1: the 1-air source heat pump; The 2-solar thermal collector; The 3-fan coil; The lower coil pipe floor heating of 4-ground; The 5-auxiliary electric heater unit; 60,61,62,63-water pump; The 70-boiler; 71-air conditioning hot case; 80,81,811,82,821,83,831,84,841,85,851,86,861,87,871,88-pipeline; The 9-valve; The 10-flowmeter; The 11-controller; 120,121,122,123,124,125,126-cable; The 13-power supply; The 14-heat exchanger.
Among Fig. 2 and Fig. 3: the 30-pulling equipment; The 31-hanging device; The 32-centrifugal pump; The three-dimensional device for cleaning tank of 33-; The 34-self priming pump; The 36-control appliance; The 37-retracting device; The 38-separator; Water treatment facilities among the 39-; The 50-vavuum pump; The 51-vavuum pump.
The specific embodiment
The used hot water joint supply device mode as shown in Figure 1 of the present invention interconnects.Its hot water joint supply device comprises that air source heat pump 1, solar thermal collector 2, fan coil 3, floor heating 4, auxiliary electric heater unit 5, water pump 6, water tank 70,71, pipe-line system 80,81,811,82,821,83,831,84,841,85,851,86,861,87,871,88, valve system 9, flowmeter system 10, control system 11, power supply 13, cable 120,121,122,123,124,125,126, heat exchanger 14 constitute.
The hot water of solar thermal collector 2 and air source heat pump 1 production also can directly use when satisfying service condition as domestic hot-water's thermal source, carries out work by auxiliary electric heater unit 5 when temperature can not satisfy service condition, and temperature is brought up to 40-60 ℃.
Air source heat pump 1 main frame is not worn circulating pump, and air source heat pump 1 is worked with circulating pump 60 simultaneously.
Cold water is from the moisturizing of water tank bottom water inlet, and according to water tank 70 SEA LEVEL VARIATION, moisturizing is carried out in magnetic valve and fluid level controller associated working.Boiler 70 bottom water inlets are connected in cool water circulating pipe road 81, let solar thermal collector 2 directly use the relative colder water in the boiler 70.Hot water circuit pipeline 82 is connected boiler 70 top water inlets according to the corresponding gradient; Let the relative colder water of air source heat pump 1 main frame and circulating pump 60 in can co-operation heat hot water tanks 70; Boiler 70 bottom water inlets are connected in cool water circulating pipe road 82, and hot water circuit pipeline 821 is connected water tank 70 top water inlets.According to the water temperature in the boiler 70, air source heat pump 1 can start automatically.Air source heat pump 1 is set to manually with automatically combine with circulating pump 60.
According to the boiler 70 of life usefulness, the temperature of air conditioning hot case 71 arrives 71 heating of air conditioning hot case through the heat energy heat exchange of 14 pairs of domestic hot-water's casees 70 of heat exchanger, and fan coil 3 capable of using and ground lower coil pipe floor heating 4 heat.
Automatically start according to the water temperature air source heat pump 1 of air-conditioning water tank summer, when domestic hot-water's case 70 water temperatures at setting range, refrigeration is got rid of the hot water of boiler 70, cooling load starts adjusting through variable frequency pump 63.
The power of auxiliary electric heater unit 5 is per hour loaded definite according to high-temperature air conditioner boiler 71 and user, device is set to manually and combination automatically.Auxiliary electric heater unit 5 can be used as the back-up system of solar thermal collector 2 or air source heat pump 1 independent failure or whole faults, improves safe and stable arrangement property.
Solar thermal collector 2 is produced 40-60 ℃ of hot water with air source heat pump 1 and is used uninterrupted supply heat energy as life.Auxiliary electric heater unit is heated to 60 ℃-90 ℃ again as the hot water that solar thermal collector, air source heat pump equipment produce, and perhaps as the stand-by provision of fault, improves security and reliability that entire equipment is used.
Air, fan coil, lower coil pipe, auxiliary electric heater unit, water pump, tank pipe system, valve system, flowmeter system, control system, power supply, cable etc. can be the refrigeration in summer.
Solar energy, air source heat pump, fan coil, lower coil pipe, auxiliary electric heater unit, water pump, tank pipe system, valve system, flowmeter system, control system, power supply, cable etc. can be heat supply in winter;
Solar energy heating apparatus in the used hot water joint supply of the present invention device is worked under solar radiation expeditiously, utilizes natural solar energy resources, nature or forced circulation thermal-arrest; Winter, domestic hot-water's water tank heat energy fully can heat to the heat exchange of air-conditioning water tank through heat exchanger.The multi-functional unit of heat pump apparatus of air source; Unit can provide refrigeration and heat-production functions to adapt to the needs of a machine winter summer refrigeration and heating; Providing life use hot water, particularly summer to utilize the hot blast of unit refrigeration eliminating can heat the domestic hot-water simultaneously, intelligent three hot water and air conditioner combined device can the maximum using regenerative resources; The cold that device provides can satisfy summer refrigeration and domestic hot-water supply, and heat energy can satisfy heat supply in winter and domestic hot-water supply needs.
Select for use existing sell on the market drain oil recovery equipment 7, oily-water seperating equipment 8, middle water treatment facilities 39, hanging device 31, centrifugal pump 32, three-dimensional device for cleaning tank 33 all can equipment.Make light oil rail tanker new energy-saving cleaning technology equipment of the present invention by connected mode shown in Figure 2.
Embodiment 1 (light oil; As shown in Figure 2): the light oil oil truck that row are prepared to clean is dragged on the outer line to be washed of tank washing point by pulling equipment 30; The light oil oil truck is dragged to the rinsing table position of light oil oil truck in pulling equipment 30 tractions; After hanging device 31 is aimed at the opening on first segment light oil oil truck top; Hanging device 31 once lifts the suction tube on the drinking-water pipe on the lifting pipe on the centrifugal pump 32, three-dimensional device for cleaning tank 33, the self priming pump 34, vavuum pump 50 and the vavuum pump 51 and puts in place, connects the lifting pipe in the centrifugal pump 32, the suction tube of self priming pump 34 and the drinking-water pipe in the vavuum pump 50,51 respectively, and preliminary preparation is ready.
Start-up control equipment 36 vavuum pumps 50 control buttons at first; Vavuum pump 50 begins suction, the Residual oil/waste oil in the light oil oil truck is transported in the drain oil recovery equipment 37 recycles, and the operation of vacuum draw Residual oil is after 5-10 minute; And then the synchronous cleaning suction control button of start-up control equipment 36; Centrifugal pump 320, three-dimensional device for cleaning tank 33 and self priming pump 34 start simultaneously, but the revolution of the nozzle rotation in the three-dimensional device for cleaning tank 33, and can flow out water pressure 360 ° of scope injections is that 1.0-1.5Mpa, temperature are 60-90 ℃ hot water; The greasy dirt at each position in the jar is flushed to the car bottom; Centrifugal pump 32, self priming pump 34 and three-dimensional device for cleaning tank 33 synchronization jobs, and the oily waste water water yield of eliminating is equated with the wastewater flow rate of flushing, the waste water of suction gets into oily-water seperating equipment 38; Water treatment facilities 39 during waste water enters after the water-oil separating are accomplished hot water jets and are cleaned after 10-15 minute; Again, start-up control equipment 36 vavuum pumps 51 suction control buttons, the vacuum draw operation is accomplished in the operation of vacuum draw oil truck after 10-15 minute; Last hanging device 31 once once lifts centrifugal pump 32 lifting pipes, three-dimensional device for cleaning tank 33, self priming pump 34 drinking-water pipes, vavuum pump 50,51 suction tubes to tank body, breaks off lifting pipe, suction tube and drinking-water pipe; Accomplish the light oil tank wagon washing and cleaning operation, get into other maintenance operation.
So railway (light oil) tank car new energy-saving cleaning technology system, whole matting only needs 25-40 minute, and the smoked operation of steaming of the smoked technology of original steamed needed 6-8 hour.
Embodiment 2 (liquefied ammonia; As shown in Figure 2) row liquefied ammonia tank car to be cleaned is dragged on the outer line to be washed of tank washing point by pulling equipment 30; The liquefied ammonia tank car is dragged to liquefied ammonia tank car rinsing table position by pulling equipment 30; After hanging device 31 was aimed at Liquefied gas tanker car mouth, hanging device 31 once lifted the suction tube on the drinking-water pipe on the lifting pipe on the centrifugal pump 32, three-dimensional device for cleaning tank 33, the self priming pump 34, the vavuum pump 50,51 respectively and puts in place;
At first start-up control equipment 36 cleans the suction control button synchronously; With centrifugal pump 50 thin liquid ammonia in the liquefied ammonia retracting device 37 is pressurizeed earlier; But through three-dimensional device for cleaning tank 33 rotations revolution, can flow out water pressure 360 ° of scope injections is the thin liquid ammonia solution of 1.0-1.5Mpa, and the dope ammonia vol of eliminating is equated with the thin liquid ammonia vol of flushing; The dope ammonia solution of suction enters liquefied ammonia retracting device 37, accomplishes remaining liquefied ammonia recovery operation after 15-20 minute; And then start-up control equipment 363 cleans the suction control button synchronously; Centrifugal pump 32 starts with self priming pump 34 simultaneously; But three-dimensional device for cleaning tank 33 rotations revolution, can flow out water pressures 360 ° of scope injections be that 1.0-1.5Mpa, temperature are 60-90 ℃ hot water, and the remaining liquefied ammonia at each position in the tank car jar is flushed to the car bottom; Self priming pump 34 and three-dimensional device for cleaning tank 33 synchronization jobs; And the liquefied ammonia wastewater flow rate that contains that lets pump drainage go out equates that with the wastewater flow rate of flushing the waste water of suction directly enters middle water treatment facilities 39, after 10-15 minute, accomplishes hot water jets and cleans; Again, start-up control equipment 36 vavuum pumps 51 suction control buttons, the vacuum draw operation was accomplished in the operation of vacuum draw tank car after 10-15 minute; Last hanging device 30 is more respectively with disposable the lifting to tank car of suction tube in the drinking-water pipe in the lifting pipe in the centrifugal pump 32, three-dimensional device for cleaning tank 33, the self priming pump 4, the vavuum pump 50,51; Break off lifting pipe, drinking-water pipe and suction tube; Accomplish liquefied ammonia tank car washing and cleaning operation, get into other maintenance operation.
Therefore railway (liquefied ammonia) tank car new energy-saving cleaning technology system matting only needs 35-50 minute, and original liquefied ammonia reclaims and the smoked operation of steaming of the smoked technology of steamed needs 11-13 hour.
Embodiment 3 (liquefied gas; As shown in Figure 3) row Liquefied gas tanker to be cleaned is dragged on the outer line to be washed of tank washing point of the present invention by pulling equipment 30; Liquefied gas tanker is dragged to Liquefied gas tanker rinsing table position by pulling equipment 30; After hanging device 31 was aimed at Liquefied gas tanker car mouths, hanging device 31 once lifted the drinking-water pipe in the lifting pipe in the centrifugal pump 32, the self priming pump 34, suction tube in the vavuum pump 51 and puts in place.
At first start in centrifugal pump 50 suction water and the residual solution gasification through reclaiming in the retracting device 37 of liquefied gas liquefaction, was accomplished liquefied gas liquefaction recovery operation after 2-3 hour to Liquefied gas tanker; Start vavuum pump 51 suction control buttons then, the remaining LNG gasifaction of vacuum draw reclaims residual solution gasification gas pumping to liquefied gas gas and water separator 8, and waste water enters middle water treatment facilities 9, after 1 hour, accomplishes the work of residual solution gasification Gas Recovery; Water treatment facilities 9 during last self priming pump 34 drinking-water pipes are pumped to waste water in the jar were accomplished the suction operation after 2-3 hour.
After hanging device 31 is aimed at Liquefied gas tanker car mouth once more; After hanging device 31 is aimed at Liquefied gas tanker car mouth; Hanging device 31 puts the drinking-water pipe on the lifting pipe on the centrifugal pump 321, three-dimensional device for cleaning tank 33, the self priming pump 34, the disposable lifting of suction tube on the vavuum pump 51 in place three-dimensional device for cleaning tank 33 1 point locations.
At first start-up control equipment 36 cleans the suction control button synchronously; Centrifugal pump 32 starts with self priming pump 34 simultaneously; But three-dimensional device for cleaning tank 33 rotations and revolution, can flow out water pressures 360 ° of scope injections be that 1.0-1.5Mpa, temperature are 60-90 ℃ hot water, and the residual solution gasification at each position in the jar is flushed to the car bottom; Self priming pump 34) with three-dimensional device for cleaning tank 33 synchronization job; And the liquefied gas wastewater flow rate that contains of eliminating is equated with the wastewater flow rate of flushing, and the waste water of suction directly enters middle water treatment facilities 9, after 10-15 minute, accomplishes hot water jets and cleans; And then start-up control equipment 36 vavuum pumps 51 control buttons, the vacuum draw operation was accomplished in the operation of vacuum draw tank car after 10-15 minute; Last hanging device 31 breaks off suction tube, water inlet pipe and drainage pipeline with the drinking-water pipe on centrifugal pump 32 lifting pipes, three-dimensional device for cleaning tank 33, the self priming pump 34, the suction tube on the vavuum pump 51, accomplishes the Liquefied gas tanker washing and cleaning operation, gets into other maintenance operation.
Therefore the energy-conservation cleaning of railway Liquefied gas tanker system matting only needs 6-8 hour, and original liquefied gas reclaims and the smoked operation of steaming of the smoked technology of steamed needs 12-16 hour.

Claims (8)

1. a light oil rail tanker, Liquefied gas tanker or the energy-conservation cleaning of ammonia tank car; It is characterized in that by hot water joint supply device; Boiler (70), centrifugal pump (32), three-dimensional device for cleaning tank (33), self priming pump (34), first and second vavuum pumps (50,51), control appliance (36), retracting device (37), separator (38), middle water treatment facilities (39), pulling equipment (30), hanging device (31) constitute cleaning equipment; Control appliance (36) is connected with hanging device (31) with self priming pump (34), first and second vavuum pumps (50,51), centrifugal pump (32), drain oil recovery equipment (37), oily-water seperating equipment (38), middle water treatment facilities (39), pulling equipment (30) respectively through cable; Centrifugal pump (32) one termination boilers (70), another termination lifting pipe; First vavuum pump (50) one termination drain oil recovery equipments (37), another termination suction tube; Water treatment facilities (39) in second vavuum pump (51) one terminations, another termination suction tube; Earlier the simplified waste oil in oil truck inside is drawn into drain oil recovery equipment (37) with first vavuum pump (50); Use centrifugal pump (32) that hot water is pressurizeed then; Through being placed on the inner three-dimensional device for cleaning tank (33) of oil truck in advance; The inwall of oil truck is carried out jetting type cleans, the waste water after the cleaning through the self priming pump (34) of putting into oil truck in advance be drawn into oily-water seperating equipment (38) perhaps water treatment facilities (39) handle; Use second vavuum pump (51) that the waste gas of oil truck inside is aspirated at last again.
2. light oil rail tanker according to claim 1, Liquefied gas tanker or the energy-conservation cleaning of ammonia tank car is characterized in that the nozzle in the described three-dimensional device for cleaning tank (33) can carry out 360 ° of rotating jets cleanings or position jet cleaning.
3. light oil rail tanker according to claim 1 and 2, Liquefied gas tanker or the energy-conservation cleaning of ammonia tank car is characterized in that hanging device (31) can put the drinking-water pipe of the lifting pipe of centrifugal pump (32), three-dimensional device for cleaning tank (33), self priming pump (34), the disposable lifting of suction tube of first and second vavuum pumps (50,51) in place respectively.
4. light oil rail tanker according to claim 1 and 2, Liquefied gas tanker or the energy-conservation cleaning of ammonia tank car is characterized in that described retracting device (37) is meant drain oil recovery equipment or waste gas recovering device, is used to recycle Residual oil; Described separator (38) is meant oily-water seperating equipment; When operation centrifugal pump (32), three-dimensional device for cleaning tank (33) and self priming pump (34), clean, aspirate waste water work synchronously, the water yield of spraying hot water equates with the water yield of suction waste water.
5. light oil rail tanker according to claim 1 and 2, Liquefied gas tanker or the energy-conservation cleaning of ammonia tank car; It is characterized in that described hot water joint supply device by air source heat pump (1), solar thermal collector (2), fan coil (3), lower coil pipe floor heating (4), auxiliary electric heater unit (5), the first, second, third and the 4th water pump (60,61,62,63), boiler (70), air conditioning hot case (71), pipeline (80,81,811,82,821,83,831,84,841,85,851,86,861,87,871,88), valve (9), flowmeter (10), controller (11), power supply (13), cable (120,121,122,123,124,125,126), heat exchanger (14) constitute, air source heat pump (1) through first water pump (60) after through pipeline (82,821) and boiler (70) connection; Solar thermal collector (2) is connected through pipeline (81,811) and boiler (70); Behind cold water process valve (9) and the flowmeter (10), get in the boiler (70) through pipeline (80), hot water is through pipeline (88) output in the boiler (70); Heat exchanger (14) is connected through pipeline (83,831) and boiler (70) behind second water pump (61); Heat exchanger (14) is connected through pipeline (86,861) and air conditioning hot case (71) behind the 3rd water pump (62), and ground lower coil pipe floor heating (4) is connected through pipeline (87,871) and pipeline (84,841); Fan coil (3) is connected through air conditioning hot case (71) through pipeline (84,841) behind water pump the 4th (63); Auxiliary electric heater unit (5) is housed in the air conditioning hot case (71); Controller (11) is through cable (120,121,122,123,124,125,126) difference control air source heat pump (1) and first water pump (60), auxiliary electric heater unit (5), the 4th water pump (63), the 3rd water pump (62) and second water pump (61).
6. light oil rail tanker according to claim 5, Liquefied gas tanker or the energy-conservation cleaning of ammonia tank car is characterized in that controller (11) control auxiliary electric heater unit (5) is as returning heating source or as air source heat pump (1) or solar thermal collector (2) independent failure or whole subsequent use thermal water sources of faults.
7. light oil rail tanker according to claim 5, Liquefied gas tanker or the energy-conservation cleaning of ammonia tank car is characterized in that the refrigeration in the integrated use device is to adopt fan coil (3), and heating is to adopt ground lower coil pipe floor heating (4).
8. light oil rail tanker according to claim 5, Liquefied gas tanker or the energy-conservation cleaning of ammonia tank car; It is characterized in that the hot water in the described boiler (70) passes through heat exchanger (14), the 3rd water pump (62) and second water pump (61); Under controller (11) control, be air conditioning hot case (71) heat exchange, heating.
CN2010102262227A 2010-07-14 2010-07-14 New energy-saving cleaning technology and device of light oil rail tanker, liquefied gas tanker or ammonia tanker CN101884992B (en)

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CN2010102262227A CN101884992B (en) 2010-07-14 2010-07-14 New energy-saving cleaning technology and device of light oil rail tanker, liquefied gas tanker or ammonia tanker

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CN102145342A (en) * 2010-12-21 2011-08-10 镇江液压件厂有限责任公司 Device and method for clearing residual oil in full hydraulic redirector
CN102615074B (en) * 2012-04-17 2014-11-26 碧海舟(北京)石油化工设备有限公司 Device and method for cleaning and processing storage tank
CN104567005A (en) * 2014-12-30 2015-04-29 昆明铁路局科学技术研究所 Building photovoltaic integrated system equipment
CN104554184A (en) * 2014-12-30 2015-04-29 昆明铁路局科学技术研究所 Novel energy-saving cleaning process and novel energy-saving cleaning equipment for wagons
CN105215029A (en) * 2015-11-17 2016-01-06 北京石油化工学院 A kind of oil storage tank robot cleaning system and method
CN106076999B (en) * 2016-06-12 2019-09-20 湖北省安全生产应急救援中心 A kind of liquid chemical groove tank car automatic cleaning system and its cleaning process
CN107175244A (en) * 2017-05-27 2017-09-19 华油惠博普科技股份有限公司 One kind is used for skid-mounted type tank car automatic cleaning system

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CN1103645C (en) * 1993-07-26 2003-03-26 中国石化集团洛阳石油化工工程公司 Method for cleaning greasy dirt in oil tank wagon of railway and equipment thereof
CN1270855A (en) * 1999-05-17 2000-10-25 中国石化集团洛阳石油化工工程公司 Oil stain eliminating equipment for rail tanker
EA200802323A1 (en) * 2006-05-15 2009-06-30 Петроджет Интернешенел Oil tank cleaning system and method of cleaning the oil tank
CN201871518U (en) * 2010-07-14 2011-06-22 昆明铁路局科学技术研究所 Energy-saving cleaning device for railway light tank car, liquefied gas storage tank car or ammonia gas tank car

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