The present invention relates to Mixing Machine, be specifically related to a kind of vertical mixer.
Existing mixer generally is divided into drum-type and stirs shaft type two classes, and drum-type is realized mixing of material by the rotation of barrel, stirs the shaft type barrel and fixes, and is packed in the rotation of stirring the blade on the axle by stirring the axle drive, realizes mixing of material.The mixer of said structure, mixer means is single, and mixing speed is slow, and the material Blending Efficiency of Blending is poor.
Summary of the invention
The technical problem to be solved in the present invention is for defects, provides that a kind of stirring efficiency is high, the vertical mixer of favorable material mixing effect.
For solving the problems of the technologies described above, the invention provides a kind of vertical mixer of following structure, comprise frame and open-topped barrel, being rotatably connected on the frame and by the power set that are contained on the frame that barrel is vertical drives, be rotatably connected to the main shaft and the secondary shaft that stretch in the barrel on the frame, on main shaft and the secondary shaft paddle is housed respectively, main shaft and secondary shaft are driven by the stirring power set that are contained on the frame, barrel bottom centre position is provided with discharging opening, is furnished with openable discharging lid on the discharging opening; Its design feature is: the keying of described discharging lid is driven by shedding mechanism, shedding mechanism comprises the swing case that is rotatably connected on the frame bottom, swing on the case and be connected with support box, the top of support box is connected with fairlead, slidely connect the lifting cover in the fairlead, be rotatably connected to back shaft in the lifting cover, the discharging lid is fixed in the back shaft upper end; Be hinged with unloading fuel tank on the frame, unloading fuel tank drives the lifting cover along the swing that slides up and down and swing case of fairlead by linkage.
The bottom of described barrel is connected with the guiding friction sleeve that its inner surface is wedge shape, and discharging covers and is connected with the brake pad that matches with the friction sleeve that leads.
Described linkage comprises the connecting lever that is hinged in the support box and the capstan winch that is hinged on the swing case, one end of connecting lever is hinged by connecting rod and lifting cover, the other end of connecting lever is hinged by pull bar and capstan winch, capstan winch and unloading fuel tank are hinged, capstan winch is provided with block, swings case and is provided with the limited block that is positioned at the block both sides.
Be connected with registration arm on the described support box, be connected with the shackle member that matches with registration arm on the frame.
Different and the main shaft of rotating speed of described barrel, main shaft and secondary shaft and the switched in opposite of secondary shaft.
Described barrel bottom is connected with discharging opening encirclement gear ring within it, is connected with on the frame and support set, and gear ring is rotatably connected on the support set, and gear ring is driven by power set.
Be provided with the arc scraper that can fit with barrel in the described barrel, the arc scraper is fixed on the scraper arm, and the arc scraper arm is driven by the driving mechanism that is contained on the frame.
Described driving mechanism comprise be contained on the frame and in axle sleeve and the oil cylinder of rotating shaft are housed, the rotating shaft upper end is hinged by affixed swing arm and the piston rod of oil cylinder thereon, the rotating shaft lower end is fixedly connected with the upper end of scraper arm by yoke plate.
The top of described barrel is provided with the cover that is fixed on the frame, cover is provided with charge door, two axis holes that pass for main shaft and secondary shaft respectively and for the slotted eye of scraper arm activity, the edge of cover is connected with the sealing shroud for sealing cover and barrel gap, be connected with the filler pipe road on the bottom surface of cover, the filler pipe road is provided with apopore.
Use procedure of the present invention is as follows: will need the material of mixing to add in the feeding cylinder, and then start power set and drive barrel and rotate, start and stir that power set drive main shaft and secondary shaft rotates, and can realize the stirring of material.
Because barrel and main shaft and secondary shaft can both rotate, mixing, the flowing velocity of material are faster, thereby make the present invention have advantages of that stirring efficiency is high, favorable material mixing effect.
Description of drawings
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing the specific embodiment of the present invention is described in further detail:
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of vertical mixer;
Fig. 2 is the top view of Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is the left view of Fig. 1;
Fig. 4 is the structural representation that the shedding mechanism when closing is covered in discharging;
Fig. 5 is the top view of shedding mechanism among Fig. 4;
The structural representation of the shedding mechanism when Fig. 6 is the unlatching of discharging lid;
Fig. 7 is the top view of shedding mechanism among Fig. 6;
Fig. 8 is that A among Fig. 7 is to view;
The positional structure schematic diagram of arc scraper when Fig. 9 is the discharging state.
The specific embodiment
Such as Fig. 1, Fig. 2 and shown in Figure 3, vertical mixer comprises frame 1 and open-topped barrel 2.Barrel 2 vertical being rotatably connected on the frame 1 and by the power set that are contained on the frame 1 drive, and barrel 2 bottom centre positions are provided with discharging opening, are furnished with openable discharging lid 5 on the discharging opening; The structure that barrel 2 is rotatably connected on the frame 1 is as follows: barrel 2 bottoms are connected with discharging opening encirclement gear ring 21 within it, be connected with support set 22 on the frame 1, gear ring 21 is rotatably connected on the support set 22, gear ring 21 is driven by power set, power set comprise barrel motor 38 and the gearbox 39 that is connected with barrel motor 38 power, are equipped with on the output shaft of gearbox 39 and gear ring 21 meshed gears 40; Barrel 2 can also be rotatably connected on the frame 1 in the following ways, be to be connected with ring flange on the frame 1, also be connected with ring flange on the barrel of barrel 2, the connection that is rotatably assorted of two ring flanges, be connected with gear ring on the barrel of barrel 2, drive the rotation that gear ring is realized barrel 2 by the power set that are contained on the frame 1; Except above-mentioned two kinds of connected modes, other connected mode that can also adopt those skilled in the art easily to expect that is rotationally connected of barrel 2 and frame 1 is given unnecessary details no longer one by one at this.The top of barrel 2 is provided with the cover 13 that is fixed on the frame 1, cover 13 is provided with charge door 15, two axis holes 16 that pass for main shaft 3 and secondary shaft 4 respectively and for the slotted eye 17 of scraper arm 7 activities, the edge of cover 13 is connected with for the sealing shroud 18 of sealing cover 13 with barrel 2 gaps, be connected with filler pipe road 19 on the bottom surface of cover 13, filler pipe road 19 is provided with apopore.Be rotatably connected on the frame 1 and pass respectively two axis holes 16 and stretch into main shaft 3 and secondary shaft 4 in the barrel 2, respectively be equipped with on main shaft 3 and the secondary shaft 4 for the paddle 20 that stirs, main shaft 3 and secondary shaft 4 are driven by the stirring power set that are contained on the frame 1, stirring power set can be that 41, two motors 41 of two motors drive respectively main shaft 3 and secondary shaft 4; Stirring power set also can be a motor, drives simultaneously main shaft 3 and secondary shaft 4 by gear transmission chain.The present invention adopts two motors to drive respectively main shaft 3 and secondary shaft 4, its benefit is: can realize easily that main shaft 3 and secondary shaft 4 turn to different, and the convenient rotating speed of regulating main shaft 3 and secondary shaft 4, change easily the speed discrepancy of the two, obtain better mixing effect, improved stirring efficiency.Be provided with the arc scraper 6 that can fit with barrel in the barrel, arc scraper 6 is fixed on the scraper arm 7, and scraper arm 7 is driven by the driving mechanism that is contained on the frame 1.Driving mechanism comprise be contained on the frame 1 and in the axle sleeve 9 of rotating shaft 8 is housed and is hinged on oil cylinder 10 on the frame 1, rotating shaft 8 upper ends are hinged with the piston rod of oil cylinder 10 by affixed swing arm 11 thereon, and rotating shaft 8 lower ends are fixedly connected with by the upper end of yoke plate 12 with scraper arm 7.The effect of arc scraper 6 is that arc scraper 6 can be pushed material to discharging opening, is conducive to drawing off fast of material after stirring was finished.
The keying of discharging lid 5 can be by manually carrying out, but in order to increase work efficiency, the present invention adopts shedding mechanism to drive the keying of discharging lid 5.Shedding mechanism comprises swing case 23 as shown in Figure 4 and Figure 5, and frame 1 bottom is connected with reach 42, swings case 23 and is rotatably connected on the reach 42, that is to say to swing case 23 being rotationally connected by reach 42 realizations and frame 1; Swing on the case 23 and be connected with support box 24, the top of support box 24 is connected with fairlead 25, slidely connects lifting cover 26 in the fairlead 25, is rotatably connected to back shaft 27 in the lifting cover 26, and discharging lid 5 is fixed in back shaft 27 upper ends.The bottom of barrel 2 is connected with the guiding friction sleeve 29 that its inner surface is wedge shape, be connected with the brake pad 30 that matches with the friction sleeve 29 that leads on the discharging lid 5, the cooperation of friction sleeve 29 and brake pad 30 is except to the closing the guide effect of discharging lid 5, and discharging lid 5 is rotated with barrel 2 under the effect of the mutual frictional force of brake pad 30 and friction sleeve 29.Be hinged with unloading fuel tank 28 on the frame 1, unloading fuel tank 28 drives 26 swings that slide up and down and swing case 23 along fairlead 25 of lifting cover by linkage.Linkage comprises connecting lever 31 and capstan winch 32, connecting lever 31 is hinged in the support box 24, capstan winch 32 is hinged on the otic placode 43 that swings on the case 23, to overlap the key seat 44 of 26 lower ends hinged with being fixed in lifting by connecting rod 46 for one end of connecting lever 31, the other end of connecting lever 31 with can be to swing the interior freely movable pull bars 33 of case 23 and support box 24 hinged, pull bar 33 is hinged with capstan winch 32 by universal hinge 47, and capstan winch 32 is hinged with unloading fuel tank 28; Be provided with block 34 with reference to Fig. 5, Fig. 7 and Fig. 8 capstan winch 32, the otic placode 43 that swings case 23 is provided with the limited block 35 that was listed in block 34 both sides in two pieces minutes.With reference to Fig. 4 and Fig. 6, also be connected with registration arm 36 on the support box 24, be connected with the shackle member 37 that matches with registration arm 36 on the frame 1.In order to prevent that foreign material from falling into, affect the lifting of lifting cover 26, cover has telescopic dirt-proof boot 45 in the outside of lifting cover 26 and fairlead 25.
Turning to of the best different and main shaft 3 of the rotating speed of barrel 2 of the present invention, main shaft 3 and secondary shaft 4 and secondary shaft 4 is preferably opposite, material is because of the otherness with rotating speed of turning between barrel 2, main shaft 3 and the secondary shaft 4, can form reverse and horizontal material flow, what not only make mixing of materials more evenly is that mixing is good, and has greatly improved stirring efficiency.
Below with reference to Fig. 4, Fig. 5, Fig. 6 and Fig. 7 the opening-closing process that shedding mechanism drives discharging lid 5 is described:
The unlatching of discharging lid 5: Fig. 4 and state shown in Figure 5 are the closed condition of discharging lid 5, during unlatching, starting unloading fuel tank 28 makes its piston rod retraction drag capstan winch 32 around its hinge rotation, the capstan winch 32 that rotates drives connecting lever 31 by pull bar 33 and rotates around its hinge, the connecting lever 31 that rotates is by connecting rod 46, key seat 44 drag lifting cover 26 and be rotationally connected within it back shaft 27 together along fairlead 25 downwards namely to support box 24 interior slippages, thereby realize vertical disengagement of discharging lid 5 and discharging opening 48, when the block 34 on the capstan winch 32 touches the limited block 35 that arranges near unloading fuel tank 28 on the otic placode 43, capstan winch 32 no longer rotates around its hinge, discharging this moment lid 5 has dropped to low spot and has broken away from discharging opening 48 fully, the piston rod of unloading fuel tank 28 continues retraction, unloading fuel tank 28 realizes swinging case 23 rotations by the limited block 35 that the block 34 on the capstan winch 32 promotes on the otic placode 43, the swing case 23 that rotates drives the shackle member 37 that support box 24 rotates together and registration arm 36 disengagings are matched, thereby realize that discharging lid 5 laterally removes from discharging opening 48 belows, the opening process of discharging lid 5 is finished, and the state after unlatching is finished as shown in Figure 6 and Figure 7.
Closing of discharging lid 5: Fig. 6 and state shown in Figure 7 are the opening of discharging lid 5, after discharging is complete, starting unloading fuel tank 28 stretches out its piston rod, this moment is because to be the angle of axial line of the line of centres in axle center of the centre of gyration of capstan winch 32 and piston rod hinge and piston rod very little the axle center of capstan winch 32 hinges, capstan winch 32 does not occur to rotate around its hinge under the promotion of piston rod, but promote to swing case 23 revolutions by otic placode 43, rotating swing case 23 drives 5 revolutions of discharging lid by support box 24, when registration arm 36 engages with shackle member 37, swinging case 23 no longer rotates at the spacing lower of registration arm 36 and shackle member 37, discharging lid 5 turned round put in place be in discharging opening 48 under, this moment is because the angle increase of the axial line of above-mentioned line of centres and piston rod, the continuing to stretch out of piston rod just can drive capstan winch 32 around its hinge revolution, capstan winch 32 is by pull bar 33, connecting lever 31, connecting rod 46, key seat 44 promotes liftings cover 26 and is rotationally connected within it back shaft 27 together along fairlead 25 upwards slippages, thereby move on the realization discharging lid 5, when the block 34 on the capstan winch 32 touches the limited block 35 that arranges away from unloading fuel tank 28 on the otic placode 43, capstan winch 32 no longer rotates, move on to the position on the discharging this moment lid 5 with discharging opening 48 sealings, the closing process of discharging lid 5 is finished.
Below with reference to Fig. 2, Fig. 3 and Fig. 9 the course of action of arc scraper 6 is described.During stirring, arc scraper 6 is attached on the inwall of barrel 2 as shown in Figures 2 and 3, after stirring is finished, open discharging lid 5 and carry out discharging, after the major part material in the barrel draws off, start oil cylinder 10 and promote 8 rotations of swing arm 11 drive shafts, it is state shown in Figure 9 that the rotating shaft 8 of rotation is flapped toward discharging opening by yoke plate 12 driving scraper arm 7 drive arc scrapers 6, thereby realization arc scraper 6 is pushed the material of barrel 2 bottoms to discharging opening 48, to reach the purpose of accelerating discharging.After discharging was finished, the return of arc scraper 6 was opposite with said process, does not repeat them here.