CN101879474B - Energy-saving split combined-type crusher - Google Patents

Energy-saving split combined-type crusher Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101879474B
CN101879474B CN 201010222590 CN201010222590A CN101879474B CN 101879474 B CN101879474 B CN 101879474B CN 201010222590 CN201010222590 CN 201010222590 CN 201010222590 A CN201010222590 A CN 201010222590A CN 101879474 B CN101879474 B CN 101879474B
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axle sleeve
volute
belt pulley
main shaft
grating disk
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CN 201010222590
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CN101879474A (en
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李晓文
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李晓文
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Priority to CN201010162104A priority Critical patent/CN101811080A/en
Priority to CN201010162104.4 priority
Application filed by 李晓文 filed Critical 李晓文
Priority to CN 201010222590 priority patent/CN101879474B/en
Publication of CN101879474A publication Critical patent/CN101879474A/en
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Abstract

The invention provides an energy-saving split combined-type crusher which comprises a shell and a crushing mechanism, wherein the shell comprises a feed hopper, a cover, a volute casing and a base; a mounting hole is formed between the base and the volute casing; the volute casing is internally provided with screening sheets; the crushing mechanism comprises a cover board, a shaft sleeve, a main shaft and a belt pulley and a crushing disk which are respectively sheathed on two ends of the main shaft; the crushing disk is provided with striking teeth; the main shaft is arranged in the shaft sleeve; and a detachable connection structure is formed between the crushing mechanism and the volute casing through the cover board. The energy-saving split combined-type crusher changes the structure of the traditional crusher integrating the volute casing with the shaft sleeve, adopts a detachable connection mode to avoid eccentricity of the crushing disk while taking out and then reassembling the disk, and sets an air intake passage on the belt pulley and the shaft sleeve, thus obviously improving the radiating and cooling effect.

Description

Energy-saving split-combined type pulverizer
Technical field
The present invention relates to agriculture processing equipment, particularly a kind of machine that agricultural byproducts such as grain, feed and forage thereof are carried out the grinding and processing operation, it belongs to the technical field of agricultural machinery, specifically a kind of energy-saving split-combined type pulverizer.
Background technology
Be fast development, the raising agricultural production efficiency that advances agricultural economy, the agricultural machinery scientific and technical personnel of China's agricultural machinery battle line make great efforts to develop and constantly improve and released various novel agricultural machinery products listings, can supply wide farmers family to choose use.At present, the most of peasant families of China have all generally used pulverizer and fiberizer agricultural byproducts such as grain, feed and forage to be carried out operations such as powder process, slurrying.Though simple in structure, cheap, easy for operation, production efficiency advantages of higher that this type miniature farm machinery product has receives friend's peasant favor.But; Need not to dare not or would not speak up; Also there are some technical bugs in existing pulverizer product on the agricultural machinery market on the structural design at present: because existing pulverizer is in aggregates volute and axle sleeve designing two portions when design; Such integrative-structure is very high to the casting technique requirement of volute, and manufacturing process comparatively bothers.Pulverizer in the course of the work; Particle dish rotation at a high speed carries out particle, when particle is accomplished or in the process at particle, sometimes need take out grating disk and clear up; But it is not only inconvenient when the structure of its one causes taking out grating disk; Be prone to cause grating disk eccentric when reinstalling behind the cleaning grating disk, influence the operating efficiency of pulverizer, and will produce great noise.And a large amount of heats that existing pulverizer is produced in operation process are to be gathered in gradually in the body; If the time of operations is longer continuously; A large amount of heats of assembling will cause the pulverizer body to occur that temperature rise is too high, the phenomenon of bearing running hot; This will shorten the normal service life of bearing and machine greatly, also can lead to the equipment breakdown that burns out a bearing when serious.If the grating disk in the volute is taken out heat radiation, then will have a strong impact on the production efficiency of pulverizer operations, still can run into assembling when allocating volute into and be prone to eccentric problem when grating disk refills.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is intended to be directed against the defective that prior art exists on structural design, and proposes a kind of energy-saving split-combined type pulverizer.The present invention has changed traditional pulverizer volute and axle sleeve is holistic structure, has avoided taking out when assembling once more behind the grating disk and can cause the eccentric problem of grating disk.
The technical scheme that the present invention adopted is:
Energy-saving split-combined type pulverizer comprises engine housing and disintegrating mechanism, and said engine housing comprises feed hopper, cover, volute, base; Be formed with installing hole between base and the volute; The sieve sheet is installed in the volute, and said disintegrating mechanism comprises cover plate, axle sleeve, main shaft and is set in belt pulley, the grating disk at main shaft two ends, is fitted with against tooth on the grating disk; Main shaft is fitted in the axle sleeve, it is characterized in that: said disintegrating mechanism constitutes detachable syndeton through cover plate and volute.
Be provided with flabellum in the said belt pulley, belt pulley axially and obliquely be respectively equipped with air inlet through hollow shaft road and oblique air inlet duct.
Said axle sleeve is provided with radially air inlet duct; Also be provided with the axle sleeve air inlet through hollow shaft road that is communicated with belt pulley on the said axle sleeve.
Between axle sleeve and its cover plate, be provided with reinforcement.
The diameter of said installing hole is greater than the diameter of grating disk.
The invention has the advantages that:
1, the present invention has changed traditional pulverizer volute and axle sleeve is holistic structure, adopts detachable connected mode, has avoided taking out when assembling once more behind the grating disk and can cause the eccentric problem of grating disk.
2, belt pulley housing or axle sleeve are provided with air intake passage; Can obviously improve the heat radiation cooling effect, reduce the temperature rise of complete machine body, effectively avoid bearing to damage because of overheated; Make the works fine state that pulverizer also can the maintaining heat cyclic balance under the operating mode of working continuously
3, the present invention have novelly reasonable in designly, simple in structure be easy to make, comminution process efficient is high, for convenience detach, power consumption reduces obviously and the outstanding feature that can effectively increase the service life.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is a structural representation of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is an assembly structure sketch map of the present invention;
Mark among the figure: 1 is hopper, and 2 is cover, and 3 is volute, and 4 is oblique air inlet duct, and 5 are the sieve sheet; 6 is main shaft, and 7 is the air inlet through hollow shaft road, and 8 is grating disk, and 9 is against tooth, and 10 is axle sleeve; 11 is cover plate, and 12 are air inlet duct radially, and 13 is base, and 14 is fan; 15 is axle sleeve air inlet through hollow shaft road, and 16 is reinforcement, and 17 is belt pulley, and 18 is the particle chamber.
The specific embodiment
Describe below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, energy-saving split-combined type pulverizer comprises engine housing and disintegrating mechanism; Said engine housing comprises feed hopper 1, cover 2, volute 3, base 13, is formed with installing hole between base 13 and the volute 3, and sieve sheet 5 is installed in the volute 3; Said disintegrating mechanism comprises cover plate 11, axle sleeve 10, main shaft 6 and is set in belt pulley 17, the grating disk 8 at main shaft two ends; Be fitted with against tooth 9 on the grating disk 8, main shaft 6 is fitted in the axle sleeve 10, and said disintegrating mechanism constitutes detachable syndeton through cover plate 11 and volute 3; Detachable syndeton such as screw connection, snapping etc. all can; Be provided with flabellum 14 in the said belt pulley 17, belt pulley 17 axially and obliquely be respectively equipped with air inlet through hollow shaft road 7 and oblique air inlet duct 4, said axle sleeve 10 is provided with radially air inlet duct 12; Also be provided with the axle sleeve air inlet through hollow shaft road 15 that is communicated with belt pulley 17 on the said axle sleeve 10, between axle sleeve 10 and its cover plate 11, be provided with reinforcement 16, the diameter of said installing hole is greater than the diameter of grating disk 8.
When needs cleaning or replacing particle dish, because disintegrating mechanism constitutes detachable syndeton through cover plate 11 and volute 3, its connected mode can connect for screw specifically; Also can be modes such as buckle connection, after cover plate 11 and volute were opened in 3 minutes, can be directly with disintegrating mechanism from installing hole after whole the taking-up; Grating disk is cleared up, avoided fragment to block grating disk, influence the operating efficiency of pulverizer; After cleaning is accomplished,, couple together the cover plate 11 and the volute 3 of disintegrating mechanism directly through connectors such as screw or buckles; The main shaft 6 that be positioned at axle sleeve 10 this moment is not disassembled separately; So when also just having avoided existing pulverizer behind the cleaning grating disk, to install, grating disk and main shaft occur and produce off-centre, and have influence on the problem of the operating efficiency of pulverizer.
When pulverizer carries out operations; By main shaft 6 drive particle dish rotations at a high speed in the particle chamber 18 of volute 3,, impact tooth by one group that rotates at a high speed material is impacted until pulverizing repeatedly from hopper 1 feeding material to be pulverized; In the comminution process process; The particle dish of rotation also can drive institute's comminuting matter and in the particle chamber of volute housing, form eddying motion at a high speed, just because of the eddying motion effect of material, can form negative pressuren zone by the central part in particle chamber 18; At this moment, axial, the oblique air inlet duct on the fan on the belt pulley 14, the belt pulley 17 just can increase air output.
Axle sleeve air inlet through hollow shaft road can also be set on axle sleeve; Form continuous cooling air draught in the axle sleeve air inlet through hollow shaft road and carry out heat exchange and take away heat with bearing block; Can reduce the body temperature rise greatly and then effectively avoid bearing running hot impaired, keep the optimum duty of self thermal cycle balance even can guarantee pulverizer under the operating mode of working continuously, also can rely on heat exchange all the time.
The installing hole that forms between base and the volute, i.e. when dismounting or installation, disintegrating mechanism takes out from here or installs, because the diameter of installing hole is greater than the diameter of grating disk, when needs are installed, when changing grating disk, can directly be installed through installing hole.

Claims (1)

1. energy-saving split-combined type pulverizer; Comprise engine housing and pulverize structure; Said engine housing comprises feed hopper (1), cover (2), volute (3), base (13); Be formed with installing hole between base (13) and the volute (3), sieve sheet (5) is installed in the volute (3), said disintegrating mechanism (4) comprises bonnet, main shaft (6) and is set in belt pulley (7), the grating disk (8) at main shaft two ends; Be fitted with against tooth (9) on the grating disk (8); Main shaft (6) is fitted in the axle sleeve (10), it is characterized in that: said bonnet comprises cover plate (11) and axle sleeve (10), is detachable the connection between said cover plate (11) and the volute (3);
For can be used for being equipped with the hollow type belt pulley of flabellum, the axial or oblique direction of the belt pulley housing on the said disintegrating mechanism (4) is provided with air intake passage (12) in the said belt pulley (7);
Axle sleeve (10) on the said disintegrating mechanism (4) is provided with the air intake passage (12) that communicates with the axle sleeve inner radial, also be provided with on the axle sleeve (10) on the said disintegrating mechanism (4) with the hollow type Pulley shaft to the air intake passage that is communicated with (12);
Be provided with reinforcement between axle sleeve (10) and its cover plate (11) or between the connecting portion of cover plate (11) and volute (3) and the axle sleeve (10);
Said installing hole diameter is greater than the diameter of grating disk (8).
CN 201010222590 2010-05-04 2010-06-29 Energy-saving split combined-type crusher Active CN101879474B (en)

Priority Applications (3)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201010162104A CN101811080A (en) 2010-05-04 2010-05-04 Energy-saving split-combined type pulverizer
CN201010162104.4 2010-05-04
CN 201010222590 CN101879474B (en) 2010-05-04 2010-06-29 Energy-saving split combined-type crusher

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201010222590 CN101879474B (en) 2010-05-04 2010-06-29 Energy-saving split combined-type crusher

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CN101879474A CN101879474A (en) 2010-11-10
CN101879474B true CN101879474B (en) 2012-12-12

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CN 201010222590 Active CN101879474B (en) 2010-05-04 2010-06-29 Energy-saving split combined-type crusher

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Families Citing this family (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111745861A (en) * 2020-06-17 2020-10-09 泉州市景江电子科技有限公司 Medical injection hose concentrates recovery unit

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2176183Y (en) * 1993-12-21 1994-09-07 覃建明 Fodder grinder with two chambers and claw hammers
CN2542329Y (en) * 2002-01-28 2003-04-02 刘兴贵 Rotor changeable multi-functional disintegrator
EP1623765A1 (en) * 2000-05-22 2006-02-08 Nara Machinery Co., Ltd. Particle processing apparatus
CN201020385Y (en) * 2007-04-12 2008-02-13 廖世奇 Tooth claw type powder sucking crusher
CN101757963A (en) * 2008-11-16 2010-06-30 高华东 High-efficiency hammer mill
CN201720090U (en) * 2010-05-04 2011-01-26 李晓文 Energy-saving split combined crusher

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2176183Y (en) * 1993-12-21 1994-09-07 覃建明 Fodder grinder with two chambers and claw hammers
EP1623765A1 (en) * 2000-05-22 2006-02-08 Nara Machinery Co., Ltd. Particle processing apparatus
CN2542329Y (en) * 2002-01-28 2003-04-02 刘兴贵 Rotor changeable multi-functional disintegrator
CN201020385Y (en) * 2007-04-12 2008-02-13 廖世奇 Tooth claw type powder sucking crusher
CN101757963A (en) * 2008-11-16 2010-06-30 高华东 High-efficiency hammer mill
CN201720090U (en) * 2010-05-04 2011-01-26 李晓文 Energy-saving split combined crusher

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CN101811080A (en) 2010-08-25
CN101879474A (en) 2010-11-10

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