CN101874978A - Decorative material for removing formaldehyde - Google Patents

Decorative material for removing formaldehyde Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101874978A
CN101874978A CN2009102485078A CN200910248507A CN101874978A CN 101874978 A CN101874978 A CN 101874978A CN 2009102485078 A CN2009102485078 A CN 2009102485078A CN 200910248507 A CN200910248507 A CN 200910248507A CN 101874978 A CN101874978 A CN 101874978A
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Prior art keywords
formaldehyde
agent
tio
decorative
nano
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Pending
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CN2009102485078A
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Chinese (zh)
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王秀宝
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王秀宝
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Priority to CN2009102485078A priority Critical patent/CN101874978A/en
Publication of CN101874978A publication Critical patent/CN101874978A/en
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Abstract

The invention relates to a non-toxic, environment-friendly and smellless decorative material for removing formaldehyde, which is mainly suitable for being used as a finishing material on walls, ceilings, cylindrical surfaces and the like inside buildings. 3-15g of nano TiO2/infusorial earth composite catalysts are added in the decorative material per square meter, and the nano TiO2/infusorial earth composite catalysts are formaldehyde removing agents. The decorative material of the invention can improve the indoor artistic environment to provide beautiful enjoyment for people, has various functions such as heat insulation, dampproofness, fire protection, sound absorption, sound insulation, and the like, and has the unique effects for absorbing and degrading free formaldehyde in the indoor air.

Description

Decorative material for removing formaldehyde
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of ornament materials, relate in particular to a kind of asepsis environment-protecting, scentless decorative material for removing formaldehyde, mainly be applicable to the covering material of interior of building metope, ceiling, cylinder etc.
Background technology
The Modern Interior Decoration material; can not only improve indoor art environment; make people obtain beautiful enjoyment; also have multiple functions such as thermal insulation, protection against the tide, fire prevention, sound absorption, sound insulation simultaneously concurrently; play the protection constructure body structure; the effect that prolongs its service life and satisfy some specific (special) requirements is that modern architecture is decorated an indispensable class material.But house decorative material of the prior art does not have function of removing formaldehyde.
Aldehyde radical is arranged in the formaldehyde molecule, is a kind of important Organic Ingredients, is irritative gas colourless, that have overpowering odor.The decoration on metope, ground is laid, and always has formaldehyde and discharges.Often suck a small amount of formaldehyde, can cause slow poisoning, mucous hyperemia, skin irritatin disease, allergic dermatitis, nail angling and fragility, nail matrix finger tip pain etc. occur.Constitutional symptom have headache, weak, that stomach is received is poor, palpitaition, have a sleepless night, lose weight and vegetative nervous disorder etc.Formaldehyde mainly contains the following aspects to health hazard: spread effect, the main harm of formaldehyde shows as Mucocutaneous spread effect, formaldehyde is the protoplasmic poison material, can occur the serious stimulation of respiratory tract and oedema, eye stimulation when sucking, have a headache with combined with protein, high concentration; Sensitization, skin directly contact formaldehyde can cause allergic dermatitis, color spot, necrosis, can bring out bronchial astehma when sucking high-concentration formaldehyde.Mutagenesis, high-concentration formaldehyde still are a kind of genotoxicity material.Animal used as test can cause rhinopharyngeal neoplasm under the situation that the laboratory high concentration sucks.Indoor is human topmost activity space, people every day the indoor live and work time at least more than 12 hours, room air has fundamental influence to human beings'health.Because technology and material are limit, in making indoor furniture and fitment process, also can't total ban use the raw material that contain formaldehyde components at present, can't remove the harm of formaldehyde from the source, use owing to can not limit formaldehyde comprehensively, eliminating and reducing formaldehyde harm is the task of top priority.
Summary of the invention
The present invention is directed to the problem that exists in the above-mentioned conventional art, explore through great efforts and study, a kind of decorative material for removing formaldehyde is provided, in ornament materials, add and remove the formaldehyde agent, it is the compound porous photocatalytic material of nano TiO 2/diatomite, eliminate and reduce formaldehyde harm, fixing and absorb formaldehyde in the ornament materials; Simultaneously can also absorb airborne formaldehyde.
Technical scheme of the present invention is as follows:
Add the 6-8g nano-TiO in every square metre of ornament materials 2/ tripolite composite catalyst, nano-TiO 2/ tripolite composite catalyst is except that the formaldehyde agent.
Described ornament materials is finish paint, priming paint, putty, wallpaper, wall paper, walltile, ceiling board and decorative panel.
Described finish paint is to add the 14g nano-TiO in the 1000g finish paint 2The agent of/diatomite composite photocatalytic is promptly added 8g except that the formaldehyde agent in every square metre of finish paint.
Described priming paint is to add the 13g nano-TiO in the 1000g priming paint 2The agent of/diatomite composite photocatalytic is promptly added 7g except that the formaldehyde agent in every square metre of priming paint.
Described putty is to add the 10g nano-TiO in the 1000g putty 2The agent of/diatomite composite photocatalytic is promptly added 6g except that the formaldehyde agent in every square metre of putty.
Described wallpaper is to add the 15g nano-TiO in the 1000g wallpaper 2The agent of/diatomite composite photocatalytic is promptly added 6g except that the formaldehyde agent in every square metre of wallpaper.
Described wall paper is to add the 14g nano-TiO in the 1000g wall paper 2The agent of/diatomite composite photocatalytic is promptly added 6.5g except that the formaldehyde agent in every square metre of wall paper.
Described walltile is to add the 1g nano-TiO in the 1000g walltile 2The agent of/diatomite composite photocatalytic is promptly added 6g except that the formaldehyde agent in every square metre of walltile.
Described ceiling board is to add the 3g nano-TiO in the 1000g ceiling board 2The agent of/diatomite composite photocatalytic is promptly added 8g except that the formaldehyde agent in every square metre of ceiling board.
Described decorative panel is to add the 2g nano-TiO in the 1000g decorative panel 2The agent of/diatomite composite photocatalytic is promptly added 7.5g except that the formaldehyde agent in every square metre of decorative panel.
Advantageous effect of the present invention is as follows:
It is key of the present invention that adding removes the formaldehyde agent, crosses the major general and does not reach except that the formaldehyde effect, too much will influence every index of material.Studies show that the Nano/micron compound particle is meant two or more micron, the ultrafine particle that nano particle forms after surface coating and Combined Processing.When nano particle and micro particles are carried out suitable compound tense, the compound particle that makes had often both had the characteristic of nano particle, but also can make micro particles show the characteristic of nano particle.
The main effect of carrier of photocatalyst has:
(1) carrier is with TiO 2Fix and to prevent TiO 2The loss of powder particle and be easy to recycle has overcome suspended phase TiO 2Shortcoming.
(2) carrier can improve TiO 2Utilization rate, promptly covered one deck TiO at carrier surface 2, increased TiO 2Specific area, and then increased effective TiO 2Amount.
(3) some carriers can same TiO 2Interact, help electronics (e -) and (h +) separation and increase absorption to reactant, improve TiO 2Photocatalytic activity.
(4) utilization rate of raising light source is with TiO 2After making film, do not have the problem of covering between catalyst particle, being subjected to light-struck catalyst particle number increases, and helps improving photocatalytic activity.
(5) with carrier catalyst is fixed, be convenient to catalyst is carried out finishing and makes the reactor of different shape.
At present, formaldehyde gas improvement method mainly contains physisorphtion, chemical reaction method, catalytic oxidation, bioanalysis, composite algorithm and cold plasma method.The whole bag of tricks relatively, photocatalytic oxidation have at room temperature can use, advantages such as energy consumption is low, non-secondary pollution, be a kind of new method that purifies air that has a extensive future.In view of above reason, utilize the nano-TiO of preparation 2The research of photocatalytic degradation formaldehyde gas has been carried out in the agent of/diatomite composite photocatalytic, is used for the feasibility that formaldehyde gas purifies with the composite catalyst of exploring this research preparation.Nano-TiO 2/ tripolite composite catalyst repeated experiment studies show that the composite catalyst recycling of Experiment Preparation is convenient, has stability and reusability preferably, and this feature is significant to its practical application.
Photocatalytic oxidation is a kind of novel environmental clean technologies that recent two decades grows up, it have the reaction condition gentleness, with low cost, can make full use of characteristics such as luminous energy, energy consumption are low, non-secondary pollution, the many organic matters that are difficult to biodegradation or are difficult to handle of degradable by other chemical method, therefore, photocatalytic oxidation has very wide application prospect in the sterilization of drinking water and the aspects such as advanced treating of virus killing, various bio-refractory organic wastewater, industry and sanitary wastewater.
This composite photocatalyst material all has excellent photocatalytic performance and stability and repeat performance good under ultraviolet light and sunshine and fluorescent lamp.Under sunshine, the percent of decolourization and the COD clearance of Rhodamine-B solution have all reached more than 95% in the 2h; The degradation rate of phenol reaches 99.18% in the 6h; COD degradation rate 95.59%; Under the fluorescent lamp irradiation, 24h Degradation Formaldehyde rate is greater than 80%.With the nano titanium oxide success be carried on the diatomite surface, prepare nano-TiO 2/ diatomite composite material is used for administering waste water, waste gas, and both comprehensive advantages of the two can overcome the two deficiency again, has developed the new method of a kind of environmental improvement and the utilization of resources simultaneously again.TiO 2Photocatalysis oxidation technique can utilize sunshine to be used for environmental improvement for main energy sources, and this Products Development utilization, more has outstanding meaning at the today the energy, the environment two large problems puzzlement mankind.Only the 24h content of formaldehyde reaches or near the E1 level environmental protection standard that country's " IAQ standard " GB18883-2002 regulation both it has often been said, is suitable for penetration and promotion.
Ornament materials of the present invention can not only improve indoor art environment, makes people obtain beautiful enjoyment, except that having multiple functions such as thermal insulation, protection against the tide, fire prevention, sound absorption, sound insulation, also has the effect of free formaldehyde in unique absorption, the degraded room air.
The specific embodiment
In conjunction with specific embodiments, specifically describe as follows to production technology of the present invention:
Embodiment 1
During construction, add the 14g nano-TiO in the mute light interior wall latex finish paint of honest golden hundred scholars of 1000g assistant 2The agent of/diatomite composite photocatalytic is promptly added 8g except that the formaldehyde agent in every square metre of mute light interior wall latex finish paint of honest golden hundred scholars of assistant.
Embodiment 2
1000g helps and adds the 13g nano-TiO in the honest interior wall seal coat 2The agent of/diatomite composite photocatalytic is promptly added 7g except that the formaldehyde agent in every square metre of honest interior wall seal coat of assistant.
Embodiment 3
Add the 10g nano-TiO in the big precious novel mildew resistant water proof putty of 1000g 2The agent of/diatomite composite photocatalytic is promptly added 6g except that the formaldehyde agent in every square metre big precious novel mildew resistant water proof putty.
Embodiment 4
1000g sage resembles and adds the 15g nano-TiO in auspicious precious jazz's wind WE71202 wallpaper 2The agent of/diatomite composite photocatalytic, promptly every square metre of sage resembles and adds 6g in auspicious precious jazz's wind WE71202 wallpaper except that the formaldehyde agent.
Embodiment 5
Described sage resembles auspicious precious pearl wall paper, adds the 14g nano-TiO in the 1000g wall paper 2The agent of/diatomite composite photocatalytic, promptly every square metre of sage resembles and adds 6.5g in the auspicious precious pearl wall paper except that the formaldehyde agent.
Embodiment 6
Add the 1g nano-TiO in the walltile of 1000g Rome 2The agent of/diatomite composite photocatalytic is promptly added 6g except that the formaldehyde agent in every square metre of Rome walltile.
Embodiment 7
Add the 3g nano-TiO in the good moral overlay film of the 1000g ceiling board 2The agent of/diatomite composite photocatalytic is promptly added 8g except that the formaldehyde agent in every square metre of good moral overlay film ceiling board.
Embodiment 8
Add the 2g nano-TiO in the good moral film coated decorative of the 1000g plate 2The agent of/diatomite composite photocatalytic is promptly added 7.5g except that the formaldehyde agent in every square metre of good moral film coated decorative plate.
Nano-TiO 2/ tripolite composite catalyst is used tripolite loading nano TiO 2Material, on the diatomite surface uniform load crystal formation be the nano-TiO of anatase titanium dioxide 2Particle; TiO 2Grain size is about 12nm; TiO 2Combine between particle and the diatomite closely; TiO 2Coating thickness 200nm~300nm; TiO 2Load capacity is 15%~60% of a diatomite quality.

Claims (10)

1. decorative material for removing formaldehyde is characterized in that adding in every square metre of ornament materials the 3-15g nano-TiO 2/ tripolite composite catalyst, nano-TiO 2/ tripolite composite catalyst is except that the formaldehyde agent.
2. decorative material for removing formaldehyde according to claim 1 is characterized in that described ornament materials is finish paint, priming paint, putty, wallpaper, wall paper, walltile, ceiling board and decorative panel.
3. decorative material for removing formaldehyde according to claim 2 is characterized in that described finish paint is, adds the 14g nano-TiO in the 1000g finish paint 2The agent of/diatomite composite photocatalytic is promptly added 8g except that the formaldehyde agent in every square metre of finish paint.
4. decorative material for removing formaldehyde according to claim 2 is characterized in that described priming paint is, adds the 13g nano-TiO in the 1000g priming paint 2The agent of/diatomite composite photocatalytic is promptly added 7g except that the formaldehyde agent in every square metre of priming paint.
5. decorative material for removing formaldehyde according to claim 2 is characterized in that described putty is, adds the 10g nano-TiO in the 1000g putty 2The agent of/diatomite composite photocatalytic is promptly added 6g except that the formaldehyde agent in every square metre of putty.
6. decorative material for removing formaldehyde according to claim 2 is characterized in that described wallpaper is, adds the 15g nano-TiO in the 1000g wallpaper 2The agent of/diatomite composite photocatalytic is promptly added 6g except that the formaldehyde agent in every square metre of wallpaper.
7. decorative material for removing formaldehyde according to claim 2 is characterized in that described wall paper is, adds the 14g nano-TiO in the 1000g wall paper 2The agent of/diatomite composite photocatalytic is promptly added 6.5g except that the formaldehyde agent in every square metre of wall paper.
8. decorative material for removing formaldehyde according to claim 2 is characterized in that described walltile is, adds the 1g nano-TiO in the 1000g walltile 2The agent of/diatomite composite photocatalytic is promptly added 6g except that the formaldehyde agent in every square metre of walltile.
9. decorative material for removing formaldehyde according to claim 2 is characterized in that described ceiling board is, adds the 3g nano-TiO in the 1000g ceiling board 2The agent of/diatomite composite photocatalytic is promptly added 8g except that the formaldehyde agent in every square metre of ceiling board.
10. decorative material for removing formaldehyde according to claim 2 is characterized in that described decorative panel is, adds the 2g nano-TiO in the 1000g ceiling board 2The agent of/diatomite composite photocatalytic is promptly added 7.5g except that the formaldehyde agent in every square metre of decorative panel.
CN2009102485078A 2009-12-17 2009-12-17 Decorative material for removing formaldehyde Pending CN101874978A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2009102485078A CN101874978A (en) 2009-12-17 2009-12-17 Decorative material for removing formaldehyde

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2009102485078A CN101874978A (en) 2009-12-17 2009-12-17 Decorative material for removing formaldehyde

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN101874978A true CN101874978A (en) 2010-11-03

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102409823A (en) * 2010-09-21 2012-04-11 王世荣 Diatom rock-soil wall paper
CN104861787A (en) * 2015-04-27 2015-08-26 天津市嘉美士涂料厂 Long-term formaldehyde decomposition purification interior wall latex paint
CN106747024A (en) * 2017-02-21 2017-05-31 李爱伏 A kind of decorative panel material with except formaldehyde sterilization noise reduction air purification function and preparation method thereof
CN107216752A (en) * 2016-06-13 2017-09-29 嘉力丰科技股份有限公司 Wallpaper basement membrane and preparation method thereof
CN108837697A (en) * 2018-06-08 2018-11-20 佛山市简陶瓷有限公司 A kind of durability photocatalysis is except formaldehyde ceramic tile and preparation method thereof

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102409823A (en) * 2010-09-21 2012-04-11 王世荣 Diatom rock-soil wall paper
CN104861787A (en) * 2015-04-27 2015-08-26 天津市嘉美士涂料厂 Long-term formaldehyde decomposition purification interior wall latex paint
CN107216752A (en) * 2016-06-13 2017-09-29 嘉力丰科技股份有限公司 Wallpaper basement membrane and preparation method thereof
CN106747024A (en) * 2017-02-21 2017-05-31 李爱伏 A kind of decorative panel material with except formaldehyde sterilization noise reduction air purification function and preparation method thereof
CN108837697A (en) * 2018-06-08 2018-11-20 佛山市简陶瓷有限公司 A kind of durability photocatalysis is except formaldehyde ceramic tile and preparation method thereof

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Application publication date: 20101103

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