CN101863557B - Manufacture and use method of screen mesh type ecological floating bed - Google Patents

Manufacture and use method of screen mesh type ecological floating bed Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101863557B
CN101863557B CN2010101854260A CN201010185426A CN101863557B CN 101863557 B CN101863557 B CN 101863557B CN 2010101854260 A CN2010101854260 A CN 2010101854260A CN 201010185426 A CN201010185426 A CN 201010185426A CN 101863557 B CN101863557 B CN 101863557B
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China
Prior art keywords
floating bed
ecological floating
framework
bed
ecological
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CN2010101854260A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN101863557A (en
Inventor
贾久满
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唐山师范学院
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Priority to CN2010101854260A priority Critical patent/CN101863557B/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W10/00Technologies for wastewater treatment
    • Y02W10/10Biological treatment of water, waste water, or sewage

Abstract

The invention relates to a manufacture and use method of a screen mesh type ecological floating bed, which comprises the following steps: taking light-weight lumber to be cut into wood strips; weaving the wood strips into a framework of the ecological floating bed; respectively covering screen meshes on the upper side and the lower side of the framework of the ecological floating bed; selecting plants suitable for growing on the floating bed for carrying out seedling in the field; inserting young plants after the seedlings into the floating bed through mesh openings of the screen mesh at the upper layer to be transplanted onto the floating bed; supporting the root parts of the young plants by the screen mesh at the lower layer; mutually connecting a plurality of floating beds with planted young plants for forming an ecological floating island; planting the ecological floating island on corresponding water level; and using cables for fixing the ecological floating island to the shore or the water bottom. The invention uses the light-weight lumber as main raw materials for manufacturing the framework, iron wire screen meshes are covered on the upper side and the lower side of the framework to be made into the ecological floating bed, the weaving method is simple, and the environment is protected. Ornamental plants planted on the floating bed can be applied to the landscape water level, and vegetable plants planted on the floating bed can be applied to the agricultural culture water level. The water level is purified, in addition, the ecological floating bed can be used as the ornamental landscape, and at the same time, crops can be harvested.

Description

Screen mesh type ecological floating bed making and using method

Technical field

The present invention relates to a kind of biological floating bed making and using method, particularly relating to a kind of is the screen mesh type ecological floating bed method that main raw is made with light woods such as fast growth poplar, bamboos, and on the water surface of eutrophication water with the various hydroponic plants of biological floating bed plantation, and it is coupled to the using method of the ecological floating island that comes in every shape.

Background technology

In recent years,, cause body eutrophication, destroyed the eubiosis of water body because a lot of water bodys such as rivers, lake, reservoir, pond are subjected to environmental pollution.Utilize biological floating bed or ecological floating island plantation hydroponic plant can remove pollutents such as nitrogen in the polluted-water, phosphorus, suppress the algae excessive growth in the water body, simultaneously can also the beautifying water body view, be the effective ways of administering polluted-water.Yet, the present biological floating bed employing macromolecule polymeric material that has that uses, though easy to use, because cost is too high, be difficult to large scale application; The biological floating bed employing porous plastics that has, though cost is lower, because capacity of anti-storm difference and cause secondary pollution, so be not suitable for large-area applications.Therefore, make a kind ofly draw materials conveniently, economical and practical, do not have the biological floating bed of secondary pollution, again according to the design needs on the water surface with the various hydroponic plants of biological floating bed plantation, and a plurality of floating beds are coupled to the ecological floating island that comes in every shape, to the improvement eutrophication water with significant.

Summary of the invention

It is too high to the objective of the invention is the floating bed cost made at the macromolecule polymeric material of prior art, is difficult to large scale application; Porous plastics floating bed capacity of anti-storm difference and may cause the deficiency of secondary pollution, one provide a kind ofly draw materials conveniently, economical and practical, the screen mesh type ecological floating bed making method that do not have secondary pollution, two provide a kind of screen mesh type ecological floating bed using method.

Realize above-mentioned purpose by the following technical solutions:

A kind of screen mesh type ecological floating bed making method comprises the steps:

A. get light wood, be cut to long 1000mm~2000mm, wide 10mm~100mm, the long stuff of high 50mm~200mm is woven into biological floating bed framework with batten;

B. covering constant aperture on biological floating bed framework is screen cloth above 10mm~100mm, covers constant aperture and be screen cloth below 3mm~20mm below biological floating bed framework.

A kind of screen mesh type ecological floating bed using method comprises the steps:

A. choose and be adapted on the floating bed growing plants and grow seedlings, then the mesh of the rice shoot that cultivates by the upper strata screen cloth inserted in the floating bed, transplant on floating bed in the field;

B. hold the root of seedling with lower screen;

C. there is the floating bed of rice shoot to be connected with each other a plurality of plantations, forms ecological floating island by web member;

D. ecological floating island is placed on the corresponding water surface, and with hawser and bank or water-bed fixing.

Compared with prior art, the present invention is that main raw is made biological floating bed framework with light woods such as fast growth poplar, bamboos, makes biological floating bed coated with the iron wire screen cloth up and down at framework; Weaving method is simple, the protection environment.On this floating bed, plant ornamental plants such as iris, Canna generalis Bailey, calamus and be applied to the view water surface, on floating bed, plant greengrocery plants such as Wildcelery Herb, Herba basellae rubrae, three-coloured amaranth and be applied to the agricultural breeding water surface; Again floating bed is interconnected into ecological floating island, be fixed on the corresponding water surface, this mode has realized the three-dimensional view of the water surface and the production of stereo ecological agricultural, has realized the improvement of body eutrophication simultaneously.Not only purified the water surface, but also as viewing and admiring view, but harvesting crops also simultaneously.

Description of drawings

Fig. 1 is a structural representation of the present invention.

Fig. 2 is the upward view of Fig. 1.

Fig. 3 is the present invention's intention that serike is shown on floating bed.

Embodiment

The invention will be further described below in conjunction with accompanying drawing

Embodiment 1: screen mesh type ecological floating bed making method

See Fig. 1, Fig. 2, getting light woods such as quality is low weight, price comparison is low fast growth poplar, bamboo is main raw, present embodiment is selected fast growth poplar for use.With fast growth poplar cut growth 1000mm~2000mm, wide 10mm~100mm, the long stuff of high 50mm~200mm, be woven into biological floating bed framework 1 with these battens according to design requirements, framework 1 high 200mm, wide 100mm can be square or rectangular or hexagonal structure, present embodiment is length of side 1000mm~2000mm, the square structure of high 50mm~400mm.

2. select for use bamboo as the framework braided material, its specification is: long 1000mm~2000mm, diameter 20mm~100mm;

3, on biological floating bed framework 1 and below cover fixedly iron wire screen cloth respectively, above the aperture of screen cloth 2 be 10mm~100mm, below the aperture of screen cloth 3 be 3mm~20mm.This aperture each plant growth that suits.

4, when biological floating bed framework height surpassed 200mm, framework 1 adopted double-layer frame shown in Figure 2, is divided into upper strata frame 5 and lower floor's frame 4, and upper and lower layer frame 5,4 usefulness web members link together such as rope, hasp etc.

Embodiment 2: screen mesh type ecological floating bed using method

Using method is undertaken by following step:

1, chooses plants such as iris, Canna generalis Bailey, calamus, Wildcelery Herb, Herba basellae rubrae, three-coloured amaranth and grow seedlings, according to the design needs transplanted seedling 6 that cultivates is planted on floating bed then in the field.

2, select the floating bed of corresponding height and mesh size according to characteristics such as the plant height of choosing plant, diameter of a cross-section of a tree trunk 1.3 meters above the ground sizes;

3, see Fig. 3, the mesh of transplanted seedling 6 by upper strata screen cloth 2 inserted in the floating bed, hold the root of seedling with lower screen 3.

4, as required a plurality of floating beds are interconnected with hasp, form ecological floating island.

5, ecological floating island is placed on the corresponding water surface such as rivers, lake, reservoir, pond, with hawser on the bank or water-bed fixing.

6, plant-growth is by the time gathered in time the suitable size as required.

More than disclosed only be specific embodiments of the invention; though the present invention discloses as above with preferred embodiment; but the present invention is not limited thereto; any those skilled in the art can think variation; in not breaking away from design philosophy of the present invention and scope; the present invention is carried out various changes and retouching, all should drop within protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (2)

1. a screen mesh type ecological floating bed making method is characterized in that, comprises the steps:
A. get light wood, be cut to long 1000mm~2000mm, wide 10mm~100mm, the long stuff of high 50mm~200mm is woven into biological floating bed framework with batten;
B. covering constant aperture on biological floating bed framework is screen cloth above 10mm~100mm, covers constant aperture and be screen cloth below 3mm~20mm below biological floating bed framework.
2. a screen mesh type ecological floating bed according to claim 1 using method is characterized in that, comprises the steps:
A. choose and be adapted on the floating bed growing plants and grow seedlings, then the mesh of the rice shoot that cultivates by the upper strata screen cloth inserted in the floating bed, transplant on floating bed in the field;
B. hold the root of seedling with lower screen;
C. there is the floating bed of rice shoot to be connected with each other a plurality of plantations, forms ecological floating island by web member;
D. ecological floating island is placed on the corresponding water surface, and with hawser and bank or water-bed fixing,
CN2010101854260A 2010-05-28 2010-05-28 Manufacture and use method of screen mesh type ecological floating bed CN101863557B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2010101854260A CN101863557B (en) 2010-05-28 2010-05-28 Manufacture and use method of screen mesh type ecological floating bed

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2010101854260A CN101863557B (en) 2010-05-28 2010-05-28 Manufacture and use method of screen mesh type ecological floating bed

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CN101863557A CN101863557A (en) 2010-10-20
CN101863557B true CN101863557B (en) 2011-10-19

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Families Citing this family (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102079582A (en) * 2010-12-31 2011-06-01 中国林业科学研究院林业新技术研究所 Lightweight detachable composite ecological floating island and constructing method thereof
CN104030448A (en) * 2013-03-08 2014-09-10 昆山瀚潮环保科技有限公司 Algae-bacterium symbiotic water biological-purifier
CN103130329A (en) * 2013-03-08 2013-06-05 国家海洋局第三海洋研究所 Paspalum distichum ecological floating bed and application thereof in purifying seawater culture water quality
CN103663714A (en) * 2013-12-21 2014-03-26 上海海洋大学 Double-layer net bed for repairing water by planting submerged plants and water repairing method
CN104276662B (en) * 2014-09-16 2016-08-24 江苏农林职业技术学院 The method of plant floating bed purifying eutrophic landscape water body
CN105546467A (en) * 2016-03-08 2016-05-04 成都蒲江珂贤科技有限公司 Water surface solar energy-saving lamp

Family Cites Families (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1785848A (en) * 2005-10-21 2006-06-14 武汉大学 Method of controlling water bloom blue algae
CN200959766Y (en) * 2006-04-30 2007-10-17 湖北大学 Multi-functional culturing floating bed for straw foil on water

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