CN101858160A - Translational elevating vehicle loading platform for translational elevating three-dimensional parking equipment - Google Patents

Translational elevating vehicle loading platform for translational elevating three-dimensional parking equipment Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101858160A
CN101858160A CN 201010208541 CN201010208541A CN101858160A CN 101858160 A CN101858160 A CN 101858160A CN 201010208541 CN201010208541 CN 201010208541 CN 201010208541 A CN201010208541 A CN 201010208541A CN 101858160 A CN101858160 A CN 101858160A
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China
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translation
vehicle frame
lifting
translational
elevating
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CN 201010208541
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CN101858160B (en
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王建生
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王建生
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Abstract

The invention discloses a translational elevating vehicle loading platform for translational elevating three-dimensional parking equipment. The platform comprises a translational vehicle loading frame and a translational driving device, wherein the translational vehicle loading frame is supported on a translational track through a translational roller on the translational vehicle loading frame; the translational track is fixed to a beam; the beam is fixed to an upright post; the translational driving device drives the translational vehicle loading frame to move along the translational track; an elevating vehicle loading frame is arranged below the translational vehicle loading frame; the upper end of a steel rope for lifting the elevating vehicle loading frame is wound on a steel rope winding drum; the steel rope winding drum is movably supported on the translational vehicle loading frame; the translational vehicle loading frame is also provided with an elevating driving device for driving the steel rope winding drum to rotate; and the elevating vehicle loading frame can also be provided with a turn-round bedplate and a rotary driving device of the turn-round bedplate. The platform has the advantages of performing time management to reduce the access time of the translational elevating three-dimensional parking equipment by more than 50 percent and performing turn-around in an idle state by using an air parking area without adding additional ground turn-around area.

Description

The translational elevating vehicle loading platform that is used for translational elevating three-dimensional parking equipment
Technical field
The present invention relates to the mechanical three-dimensional parking device, refer more particularly to the translational elevating vehicle loading platform that is used for translational elevating three-dimensional parking equipment.
Background technology
In various types of mechanical three-dimensional parking devices, translational elevating three-dimensional parking equipment has advantages such as space availability ratio height, energy consumption is low, noise is little, but also exists access too much defective consuming time simultaneously.The translational elevating three-dimensional parking equipment typical construction of known technology is: the multilayer crossbeam equidistantly is set respectively on one column of front and back, and the space that column impales is shared hoist trunk, is the bicycle parking position between the crossbeam on shared hoist trunk both sides.Usually in the some bicycle parking of hierarchal arrangement position, the one or both sides of shared hoist trunk, be provided with the translation car bearing platform in each bicycle parking position, the translation car bearing platform can be travelled to and fro between between bicycle parking position and the shared hoist trunk along track separately under translation driving device drives, then be provided with shared lifting car bearing platform in shared hoist trunk, the lifting car bearing platform can rest against each layer bicycle parking position and ground under lifting drive drives.The course of work is: when depositing vehicle in, vehicle is promoted to position in the summary of place, sky bicycle parking position aspect by the lifting car bearing platform, the translation car bearing platform of this parking stall moves to lifting car bearing platform below, mode by the pectination handing-over is handover to the translation car bearing platform with vehicle from the lifting car bearing platform, and the translation car bearing platform of vehicle is return the bicycle parking position.When taking out vehicle, the lifting car bearing platform stops to the summary upper/lower positions of this place, car bicycle parking position aspect, the translation car bearing platform of this parking stall moves to lifting car bearing platform top, mode by the pectination handing-over is handover to the lifting car bearing platform with vehicle from the translation car bearing platform, the translation car bearing platform of unstowing is return the bicycle parking position, and the lifting car bearing platform of vehicle drops to ground.In the above-mentioned access procedure, the lifting car bearing platform must run to access site from position of readiness, must join between translation car bearing platform and the lifting car bearing platform, and hoist trunk is occupied during this period, and other parking stalls can not be moved.This shows, the inside lifting of translational elevating three-dimensional parking equipment is consuming time, the handing-over is consuming time and passage to take consuming time be very considerable, and access consuming time be exactly these three rigidity additions consuming time, between overlap joint not, the promptly not free leeway of planning strategies for of meaning.In addition, at the narrow zone that it is inconvenient that vehicle turns around, self time loss need be increased when not only vehicle turns around and area takies, even also other vehicle is caused conflict and influence on the time and space, these conflicts and influence may directly cause frequent blocking up, and cause access consuming time than predicted value increase manyfold.And translational elevating three-dimensional parking equipment self can not be realized head end operation, in order to ensure the smooth and easy collecting and distributing of its outside, needs to be equipped with the tune place in addition, has both increased floor space, and it is consuming time to have increased access again, and is also convenient inadequately in the application.
Access is consuming time too much to be current all total defectives of mechanical three-dimensional parking device, but translational elevating three-dimensional parking equipment is more outstanding.And access consuming time just be car owner's problem the most deeply concerned, we can say that this is the key factor that influences mechanical three-dimensional parking device large-scale application.So, if can be the supporting a kind of car bearing platform of reversing end for end to operate can planned strategies for the time of carrying out and be convenient to of translational elevating three-dimensional parking equipment, it is consuming time obviously to shorten access, tightens floor space, can make things convenient for the client again, make the application of translational elevating three-dimensional parking equipment more extensive.
Summary of the invention
The object of the present invention is to provide a kind of translational elevating vehicle loading platform that is used for translational elevating three-dimensional parking equipment, be convenient to the time of carrying out plan strategies for, the access of obviously shortening translational elevating three-dimensional parking equipment is consuming time.
Further purpose of the present invention is to provide a kind of be convenient to reverse end for end to operate, additionally do not increase tune area and the access translational elevating vehicle loading platform that is used for translational elevating three-dimensional parking equipment consuming time.
For realizing purpose of the present invention, the technical solution used in the present invention is: the translational elevating vehicle loading platform that is used for translational elevating three-dimensional parking equipment, comprise: vehicle frame is carried in translation, the two ends that vehicle frame is carried in translation are movably set with the translation roller, the translation roller rolls with translation track and contacts, translation carry vehicle frame by the translation roller wheel bearing on translation track, translation track is fixed on the crossbeam, crossbeam is fixed on the column, also be provided with the driving translation and carry the translation driving device that vehicle frame moves along translation track, be characterized in: translation carry vehicle frame below be provided with lifting and carry vehicle frame, the upper end of hanging the steel cable that draws high the load shedding vehicle frame is wound on the rope drum, rope drum is actively supported on translation by the rope drum axle and carries on the vehicle frame, and translation is carried and also is provided with the lifting drive that drives the rope drum rotation on the vehicle frame.
First kind of structure of the lifting drive of above-mentioned driving rope drum rotation is: comprise the worm gear coaxial with rope drum, worm gear and worm engaging, the power intake of worm screw is provided with gear, be provided with the lifting reducing motor corresponding to the crossbeam in the translational elevating three-dimensional parking equipment of gear engagement position, can be connected with the lifting reducing motor through clutch with the lifting driven wheel of meshed transmission gear.
Second kind of structure of the lifting drive of above-mentioned driving rope drum rotation is: be movably set in translation and carry the same end of the rope drum axle of vehicle frame both sides bevel gear all is set, the equal quadrature of rope drum shaft end of power transmission shaft and both sides, power transmission shaft one end fixed conveyor bevel gear, drive bevel gear and bevel gear engagement, the other end connection reducer of power transmission shaft is installed on translation and carries the two two ends that go out spindle motor of the brake type of vehicle frame connection reducer respectively.
For realizing further purpose of the present invention, the further technical scheme that the present invention adopts is: described lifting is carried and also is provided with the tune platen on the vehicle frame, lifting is carried vehicle frame and is rolled between the platen with tune and contact, also is provided with to drive to reverse end for end the rotating driving device that platen rotates.The structure of the rotating driving device of described driving tune platen rotation is: the center fixation of tune platen has king, king rotates and is installed in the axle bed, axle bed carries vehicle frame with lifting fixedlys connected, king is provided with the gear of flatting turn, flat turn gear and travelling gear the engagement, travelling gear is installed on the driving gearshaft, driving gearshaft is actively supported on lifting and carries vehicle frame, the transmission worm gear is set on the driving gearshaft, transmission worm screw and the engagement of transmission worm gear, the rotation of transmission worm shaft is arranged at lifting and carries vehicle frame, one end of transmission worm shaft is provided with the tune gear, be provided with the tune driven wheel in the translational elevating three-dimensional parking equipment corresponding to the tune gear engagement position, the tune driven wheel can with the tune meshed transmission gear, the tune driven wheel is connected with the tune reducing motor through the tune clutch, and the tune reducing motor is arranged on the support, and support is installed on column.
Being provided with some on the wheel carrier of above-mentioned tune platen bottom surface is the roller of revolution center with the king, and roller carries the top of frame rolling with lifting and contacts.
A kind of further technical scheme of the present invention is: also be provided with the fast lifting guiding device, the structure of described fast lifting guiding device is: carry vehicle frame in lifting and four jiaos guide wheel is set respectively, each guide wheel all rotates and is installed on its guide wheel shaft, be arranged at the riser guide and the crossbeam of the up/down perforation of guide wheel opposite position and fix, guide wheel can be resisted against the riser guide scroll-up/down, fracture is set to dodge continuous riser guide on the translation track of riser guide and existing translation track infall, the one side two ends of carrying the close shared hoist trunk of vehicle frame in translation respectively add a secondary translation roller, center to center distance between secondary translation roller and the original translation roller is greater than the width of fracture on the translation track, guide wheel shaft is fixed on the wheel carrier, and each wheel carrier is connected with separately guide wheel jack.
The structure of above-mentioned guide wheel jack is: wheel carrier carries wheel stand on the vehicle frame in lifting through wheel frame axle is hinged; rocking arm carries rocker stand on the vehicle frame in lifting through rocker arm shaft is hinged; the connecting rod two ends are hinged rocking arm and wheel carrier through link pin and wheel carrier pin respectively; spring one end connects the connecting rod other end and connects lifting and carry vehicle frame; an end fix stopper of rocking arm; carry in translation push rod is installed on the vehicle frame, lifting carry in the vehicle frame uphill process backing pin can contact with push rod against.
A kind of structure of above-mentioned translation driving device is: the two ends that vehicle frame is carried in translation respectively are provided with a toothed rack, and the translation reducing motor is fixedly set in the translation track downside, are arranged at pan drive gear and tooth bar engaged transmission on the translation reducing motor axle.
What above-mentioned translation carried on the vehicle frame that the position of carrying four jiaos of vehicle frames corresponding to lifting is provided with enlarging only shakes bar.
Technique scheme can reduce: the translation on each bicycle parking position is carried vehicle frame and is all carried lifting and carry vehicle frame, vehicle frame is carried in each lifting also can carry the tune platen, be that translation is carried vehicle frame carrying lifting and carried vehicle frame, vehicle frame carrying tune platen, tune platen vehicle are carried in lifting.Translation lifting and the tune independently of each bicycle parking position.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows: translation can start lifting immediately when carrying vehicle frame and moving to shared hoist trunk carries vehicle frame or lifting and carries vehicle frame and rise to support in shared hoist trunk and can start translation immediately when vehicle frame is carried in translation and carry vehicle frame, removes handshaking therebetween from.And, in shared hoist trunk, the operation that vehicle frame will no longer influence bicycle parking position, below is carried in the lifting that has been raised to the top, perhaps Shang Fang lifting is carried vehicle frame and can be dropped in advance on the bicycle parking position of moving, below and wait for, zero handing-over consuming time adds that so the time of carrying out plans strategies for again, can be more than 50% with the average access minimizing consuming time of translational elevating three-dimensional parking equipment, and lifting is carried tune platen that vehicle frame carries and can be utilized the area of bicycle parking position and shared hoist trunk to carry out to reverse end for end in the air when idle, need not increase ground tune facility, additionally do not increase ground tune area, it is consuming time also additionally not increase access.
Description of drawings
Below in conjunction with embodiment and accompanying drawing the present invention is described in further detail:
Fig. 1 is the first kind of structural representation that is used for the translational elevating vehicle loading platform of translational elevating three-dimensional parking equipment of the present invention;
Fig. 2 carries vehicle frame for the lifting among Fig. 1 and rises the view of carrying vehicle frame to translation;
Fig. 3 is the A-A sectional structure schematic diagram among Fig. 1;
Fig. 4 is the B-B sectional structure schematic diagram among Fig. 1;
Fig. 5 carries the structural principle schematic diagram of the another kind of driven in translation mode of vehicle frame for translation shown in Fig. 1;
Fig. 6 carries the plan structure schematic diagram that vehicle frame is reduced to the state of ground for the lifting among Fig. 1;
Fig. 7 is the guide rod schematic diagram;
Fig. 8 is the general picture figure of the translational elevating three-dimensional parking equipment that is made of translational elevating vehicle loading platform shown in Figure 1;
Fig. 9 is for adding the principle schematic of steel cable lifting drive in each bicycle parking position among Fig. 8;
Figure 10 carries the structural representation that tune platen and rotating driving device thereof are set on the vehicle frame for the second kind of structural representation and the lifting of the lifting drive that drives the rope drum rotation in the translational elevating vehicle loading platform shown in Figure 1;
Figure 11 carries vehicle frame for the lifting among Figure 10 and rises the view of carrying vehicle frame to translation;
Figure 12 is the C-C sectional structure schematic diagram among Figure 10;
The situation that Figure 13 reverses end for end simultaneously for a plurality of bicycle parking position in the elevating translational type stereo parking facility that is made of the translational elevating vehicle loading platform of structure shown in Figure 10;
Figure 14 is the general picture figure of the another kind of translational elevating three-dimensional parking equipment that is made of the translational elevating vehicle loading platform of structure shown in Figure 10;
Figure 15 is for having additional the structural representation of fast lifting guiding device in the translational elevating vehicle loading platform of the present invention;
The view that Figure 16 packs up for guide wheel;
The view that Figure 17 puts down for guide wheel;
Figure 18 is the plane relation structural representation of overlooking between riser guide shown in the direction and the jack.
Among the above-mentioned figure: 1, column, 2, crossbeam, 3, the translation roller, 4, translation track, 5, worm screw, 6, worm shaft, 7, vehicle frame is carried in translation, and 8, gear, 9, the lifting driven wheel, 10, clutch, 11, the lifting reducing motor, 12, the translation reducing motor, 13, pan drive gear, 14, tooth bar, 15, the rope drum axle, 16, worm gear, 17, rope drum, 18, the translation roller shaft, 19, only shake bar, 20, steel cable, 21, vehicle, 22, vehicle frame is carried in lifting, and 23, guide rod, 24, melt pit, 25, the tune platen, 26, bevel gear, 27, power transmission shaft, 28, drive bevel gear, 29, reducer, 30, axle bed, 31, king, 32, roller, 33, the gear of flatting turn, 34, travelling gear, 35, driving gearshaft, 36, the transmission worm gear, 37, the transmission worm screw, 38, the transmission worm shaft, 39, the tune gear, 40, wheel carrier, 41, brake type is two to go out spindle motor, 42, shaft coupling, 43, riser guide, 44, fracture, 45, secondary translation roller, 46, guide wheel, 47, push rod, 48; rocker stand; 49; rocker arm shaft, 50; backing pin, 51; rocking arm; 52; link pin; 53; connecting rod, 54; spring, 55; wheel frame axle; 56; wheel carrier; 57; wheel carrier pin, 58; guide wheel shaft, 59; wheel stand; 60; bearing support; 61; tune driven wheel, 62; tune reducing motor, 63; support; 64; reductor power shaft, 65; the tune clutch.
The specific embodiment
One, the first kind of basic structure that is used for the translational elevating vehicle loading platform of translational elevating three-dimensional parking equipment of the present invention is showed from different directions and section by Fig. 1 to Fig. 4: 7 four jiaos of fastening translation roller shafts 18 of vehicle frame are carried in translation, rotating translation roller 3 is installed on it, translation roller 3 rolls with translation track 4 and contacts, translation is carried vehicle frame 7 and is supported on the translation track 4 by translation roller 3, translation track 4 is fixed in crossbeam 2, crossbeam 2 is fixed in column 1, the two ends that vehicle frame 7 is carried in translation respectively are fixed with a toothed rack 14, translation reducing motor 12 is fixedly set in the permanent position of translation track 4 downsides, be installed on pan drive gear 13 and tooth bar 14 engagements on it, make the reducing motor 12 at two ends start synchronous operation simultaneously by control device, can make translation carry vehicle frame 7 and travel to and fro between between shared hoist trunk and the bicycle parking position along translation track 4.The driven in translation mode that vehicle frame 7 is carried in translation is not limited to above-mentioned a kind of, as shown in Figure 5, also tooth bar 14 can be arranged at crossbeam 2, translation reducing motor 12 and pan drive gear 13 are arranged at translation and carry vehicle frame 7, also can make one coaxial with the pan drive gear 13 at two ends this moment, be supported on translation and carry bearing support 60 on the vehicle frame 7, only drive with a separate unit translation reducing motor 12.Translation carry vehicle frame 7 below be provided with lifting and carry vehicle frame 22, the upper end of hanging four steel cables 20 that draw high load shedding vehicle frame 22 is wound on the rope drum 17, respectively there is a rope drum axle 15 at the two ends of carrying vehicle frame 7 in translation, the two ends of every axle are fixing rope drum 17 respectively, and worm gear 16 also is fixed in this axle, and rope drum axle 15 two ends rotating supports carry vehicle frame 7 in translation, see shown in Figure 3, for drawing for purpose of brevity, omitted rotating bearing components such as bearing, after this each accompanying drawing is as the same.Worm shaft 6 two ends of lateral direction penetrating are provided with worm screw 5 and worm gear 16 engagements among Fig. 1, and an end of worm shaft 6 is provided with gear 8.Lifting driven wheel 9 is connected with lifting reducing motor 11 through clutch 10, lifting reducing motor 11 is fixedly set in the permanent position on the crossbeam 2, the effect of clutch 10 is: lift lifting driven wheel 9 at ordinary times, break away from engagement position with gear 8---see the position of the dotted line gear 9 shown in Fig. 4, when needing lifting driven wheel 9 pushed the engagement position, and transmit the power of lifting reducing motor 11 incessantly to lifting driven wheel 9, see the position of the solid line gear 9 among Fig. 4, the concrete structure of clutch 10 belongs to the known technology category, do not do to launch carefully to state, the clutch effect at other position of below addressing is also like this, does not repeat statement.When gear 8 carries vehicle frame 7 and moves to shared hoist trunk in company with translation, start clutch 10, lifting driven wheel 9 promptly meshes with gear 8, starts lifting reducing motor 11 and can make four rope drum 17 synchronous forward or antiport, synchronous isometric retractable steel cable 20.It is a planar plate members that vehicle frame 22 is carried in lifting, its the four jiaos steel cables 20 that connect respectively on the rope drum 17, the lifting with the folding and unfolding of steel cable 20, what Fig. 1 showed is that the situation that vehicle frame 22 is fallen is carried in lifting, what Fig. 2 showed is that 22 liters of situations of carrying vehicle frame 7 to translation of vehicle frame are carried in lifting, dashed graph among Fig. 3 also is to represent lifting to carry 22 liters of situations of carrying vehicle frame 7 to translation of vehicle frame, among the figure as seen, so-called rise to support be meant that lifting carries vehicle frame 22 and rise to translation and carry extreme position in the vehicle frame 7, carrying vehicle frame 7 by translation is taken in, because of the self-locking action of worm gear 16 with worm screw 5, can not fall, can enter the translation duty.The bar 19 that only shakes that 7 four jiaos of vehicle frames are carried in translation is used to prevent that lifting carries vehicle frame 22 and carry rocking during vehicle frame 7 translations with translation.Guide rod 23 is used to then prevent that lifting carries vehicle frame 22 rocking when the vehicles passing in and out of ground, sees Fig. 6, and the shape of guide rod 23 is seen Fig. 7, contraposition when its enlarging position is convenient to guide lifting to carry vehicle frame 22 near ground.In like manner, only shake bar 19 lower ends also can as guide rod 23, enlarging be set, carry vehicle frame in order to lifting and support preceding guiding for 22 liters, diagram in addition.Melt pit 24 is also nonessential, and vehicle frame 22 is carried in lifting also can reduce to ground proximity, and build with slope 21 turnover of buying car in installments at two ends, does not draw in addition.Steel cable 20 also can be substituted by steel band, is wound in its reel as tape measure, does not illustrate in addition.
All end and the side with vehicle is consistent with side for the end at the above each position of translational elevating vehicle loading platform, and promptly vehicle is two ends end to end, and left and right sides car door is both sides, and after this each embodiment is as the same.
The lifting of said structure is carried vehicle frame 22 and is belonged to straight movement type, and promptly from driving into out, the ground installation of this mode is the simplest, does not need motor-driven ground car bearing platform from two ends for vehicle, is convenient to use under the complete reliable conditions of security protection facility, and cost is also lower.
A kind of translational elevating three-dimensional parking equipment that is made up by the translational elevating vehicle loading platform of said structure is referring to Fig. 8: multilayer crossbeam 2 equidistantly is set on the front and back column 1, the space that column 1 impales is shared hoist trunk, be the bicycle parking position between the crossbeam 2 on shared hoist trunk both sides, taking in lifting carry the translation of vehicle frame 22 carry vehicle frame 7 be standby in each bicycle parking position, lifting is carried can vehicle on the vehicle frame 22.Each parts and the drive unit that are relevant to translational motion, elevating movement are showed and narration in Fig. 1 to Fig. 4, no longer repeat.The course of work of this translational elevating three-dimensional parking equipment self is comparatively simple, mainly can the time of carrying out plans strategies for effectively and rationally by computer control system: during bicycle parking, vehicle frame 7 is carried in the translation of empty wagons position to move to and starts its lifting immediately behind the shared hoist trunk and carry vehicle frame 22, reducing to ground waits to send a car to sail into and comes to a complete stop, restart this lifting and carry vehicle frame 22, rise when vehicle frame 7 is carried in translation, the startup translation is carried vehicle frame 7 and is returned the bicycle parking position.Carry in vehicle frame 22 uphill process in this lifting, it dynamically can move each layer bicycle parking position of below.When picking up the car, vehicle frame 7 is carried in the translation of institute bicycle parking position move to and start its lifting immediately behind the shared hoist trunk and carry vehicle frame 22, reduce to ground and treat that vehicle 21 sails out of, restart this lifting and carry vehicle frame 22, rise when vehicle frame 7 is carried in translation, the startup translation is carried vehicle frame 7 and is returned the bicycle parking position.Equally, carry in vehicle frame 22 uphill process in this lifting, it dynamically can move the bicycle parking position of each layer of below.Simultaneously, the lifting that vehicle frame 7 upper stratas are carried in this translation is carried vehicle frame 22 and can be dropped to this translation that is moving in advance and carry on the vehicle frame 7 and wait for, after carrying vehicle frame 7 and return the bicycle parking position Deng this translation that is moving, the lifting of waiting for is carried vehicle frame 22 and can be brought into operation from holding fix, and significantly the saving operation is consuming time.Arrow is represented the traffic direction of vehicle among the figure, down together.
Again and then, as shown in Figure 9, except in shared hoist trunk, being provided with the drive unit that drives the rope drum rotation, in each bicycle parking position, also be provided with the drive unit that drives the rope drum rotation---also comprise driven wheel, clutch and lifting reducing motor, translation is carried vehicle frame 7 and is stopped at when (promptly being in holding state) in the bicycle parking position, its gear 8 is in the lifting driven wheel treats that engagement is a disengaged position, and its principle is seen shown in Figure 9.Under such power configuration, when running into running status shown in Figure 8, take out the left side from bottom to top during the vehicle in the 3rd layer of bicycle parking position, just can wait until that shared hoist trunk carries out when idle again, and the pan drive gear 13 in the position of second layer bicycle parking from bottom to top on the left of can starting, vehicle frame 7 is carried in translation move to shared hoist trunk, restart from bottom to top the lifting driven wheel in the 3rd layer of bicycle parking position immediately, make its lifting carry vehicle frame 22 and reduce in the auxiliary melt pit in left side, outgoing vehicles gets final product.So as seen, above-mentioned equipment configuration can make translational elevating three-dimensional parking equipment change access path neatly, adjusts out more emergent access chance, and time of carrying out of also being more convenient for while plans strategies for.
From the above mentioned as seen, purpose of the present invention reaches, and described translational elevating vehicle loading platform is convenient to the time of carrying out and is planned strategies for, and the access of obviously shortening translational elevating three-dimensional parking equipment is consuming time.
Two, for making translational elevating three-dimensional parking equipment that the tune service can be provided, known technology normally adds the tune facility on the ground in addition, and this just is absorbed in an awkward contradiction: do not add the tune facility, just be necessary for vehicle the tune area is provided, but add the tune facility, still will increase floor space.And no matter add and do not add, actual access is consuming time all can be increased a lot.The present invention is carried to be provided with on the vehicle frame in lifting and is reversed end for end can utilize the area of bicycle parking position and shared hoist trunk to reverse end for end in the air behind the platen, and can arrange at one's leisure or do not have when interference with the operation of other bicycle parking position and finish, can be and avoid above-mentioned awkward contradiction that a kind of approach is provided.
Of the present inventionly be arranged on the basic structure of rotating driving device that lifting carries the tune platen on the vehicle frame and drive the rotation of tune platen referring to Figure 10 to Figure 12, what wherein Figure 10 showed is that the situation that vehicle frame 22 is fallen is carried in lifting, what Figure 11 showed is that 22 liters of situations of carrying vehicle frame 7 to translation of vehicle frame are carried in lifting, and Figure 12 carries the horizontal stagewise cutaway view structural representation of vehicle frame 22 for tune platen 25 and lifting.As seen from Figure 12, the center that vehicle frame 22 and tune platen 25 are carried in lifting is provided with axle bed 30 and king 31 respectively, and king 31 can rotate in axle bed 30, and wherein king 31 is fixedlyed connected with tune platen 25,30 of axle beds carry vehicle frame 22 with lifting fixedlys connected, and vice versa.Being provided with some on the wheel carrier 40 of tune platen 25 bottom surfaces is the roller 32 of revolution center with king 31, and roller 32 carries the rolling of vehicle frame 22 end faces with lifting and contacts.Certainly also carrying vehicle frame 22 end faces in lifting is provided with roller 32, and rolling with tune platen 25 bottom surfaces contacts.The gear 33 of flatting turn is set on king 31, with travelling gear 34 engagements, driving gearshaft 35 is provided with transmission worm gear 36, transmission worm screw 37 is engaged with, 38 rotations of transmission worm shaft are arranged at lifting and carry vehicle frame 22, its power intake is provided with tune gear 39, the position of engagement corresponding to this tune gear 39 in the translational elevating three-dimensional parking equipment is provided with tune driven wheel 61, tune driven wheel 61 can with tune gear 39 engaged transmission, tune driven wheel 61 is connected with tune reducing motor 62 through tune clutch 65, tune reducing motor 62 is arranged at support 63, and support 63 is fixed on the column 1.Dashed graph among Figure 12 also is to represent lifting to carry 22 liters of vehicle frames and support translation and carry the situation of vehicle frame 7 and rise lifting in the process of supporting and carry vehicle frame 22 and only shaken the situation of enlarging guiding of bar 19.
The slew gear of tune platen 25 also is not limited to above-mentioned, and other various known slew gears also can be applicable to this, for example engineering machinery turntable bearing or roller commonly used--ring rail device, the gear 33 coaxial revolving mebers that are linked in these devices of flatting turn.The gear 33 of flatting turn can also be worm gear, pin wheel, sprocket wheel, ratchet or belt wheel, and each driving member with correspondence is attached thereto transmission and gets final product.
Be also shown in from Figure 10 to Figure 12, the second kind of structure that drives the lifting drive of rope drum rotation in the translational elevating vehicle loading platform of the present invention is: rope drum axle 15 changes is located at the both sides that vehicle frame 7 is carried in translation, the same end of both sides rope drum axle 15 all is provided with bevel gear 26, power transmission shaft 27 and both sides rope drum axle 15 end quadratures, power transmission shaft 27 1 end fixed conveyor bevel gears 28, drive bevel gear 28 and bevel gear 26 engagements, the other end connection reducer 29 of power transmission shaft 27, brake type is two to go out spindle motor 41 two ends respectively through shaft coupling 42 connection reducers 29.Start forward or backwards that brake type is two to go out spindle motor 41, can synchronous isometric retractable lifting carry the steel cable 20 of 22 4 jiaos of vehicle frames, make it steady lifting.Twoly go out spindle motor to mix electricity loss brake also passable with common, will reach the dead electricity braking action in a word, make lifting carry vehicle frame 22 rise support and the end, fall and after do not weigh down from the normal position.Carry vehicle frame 22 and stop maintenance normal position, back for further guaranteeing lifting, can also go out on 41 of spindle motors or the rope drum axle 15 to add various known back-stop mechanisms in that reductor power shaft 64, brake type are two, as axial tooth embedding, radially tooth embedding or click etc.Brake type is two to be gone out spindle motor 41 and powers on and need unlock before the operation, throws off the tooth embedding or lift ratchet with any technique known means (as electromagnet, cam or screw rod etc.) get final product, out of service after then recovery lock, do not give unnecessary details and illustrate.
The process that certain one deck in the translational elevating three-dimensional parking equipment need be reversed end for end in the air is as follows: when the free time, the translation of this layer bicycle parking position is carried the intersection that vehicle frame 7 moves to bicycle parking position and shared hoist trunk and is stopped, start tune clutch 65, tune driven wheel 61 promptly meshes with tune gear 39, start tune reducing motor 62, driving force promptly is passed to the gear 33 of flatting turn through transmission worm shaft 38, driving gearshaft 35, and vehicle 21 is promptly with 25 revolutions of tune platen.Stall after changeing full 180 °, translation is carried vehicle frame 7 translations and is returned the bicycle parking position, and Figure 13 shows is situation when having turned round 90 °.The translational elevating vehicle loading platform of each bicycle parking position is translation and tune independently, and only carries out in space, this layer place,, can reverse end for end the situation of reversing end for end as the second layer among Figure 13 and layer 5 simultaneously so samely list down each bicycle parking position mutually noninterfere.Because tune is all arranged at one's leisure or do not have when interfering with the operation of other bicycle parking position and to carry out, so access is consuming time has nothing to do with the tune process.
Be another kind of translational elevating three-dimensional parking equipment as shown in figure 14: multilayer crossbeam 2 equidistantly is set on the front and back column 1, space between the multilayer crossbeam 2 that column 1 impales is the bicycle parking position, both sides, bicycle parking position are shared hoist trunk, are taking in lifting and are carrying the translation of vehicle frame 22 and carry vehicle frame 7 standbies in each bicycle parking position.The left and right sides of each bicycle parking position all is shared hoist trunk, thus its translation carry vehicle frame 7 can two-direction moving.This is a kind of fast access type, can carry out the access of two cars simultaneously.For realizing two-direction moving, the two ends of tooth bar 14 all are provided with pan drive gear 13, and each must connect its translation reducing motor 12 through clutch 10, alternately to switch power, pan drive gear 13 engagements by from left end to left drive, pan drive gear 13 engagements by from right-hand member to right translation drive, and do not illustrate in addition.Because both sides, bicycle parking position all are shared hoist trunks, the head end operation of Figure 14 just needn't start translation and carry vehicle frame 7, be arranged at the position of readiness that carries vehicle frame 7 on the support 63 corresponding to translation but will reverse end for end driven wheel 61 and tune clutch 65 with tune reducing motor 62, in each bicycle parking position, directly start tune clutch 65 and tune reducing motor 62 25 revolutions of tune platen are got final product.
From the above mentioned as seen, further purpose of the present invention also reaches, lifting is carried tune platen 25 that vehicle frame 22 carries and can be utilized the area of bicycle parking position and shared hoist trunk to carry out to reverse end for end in the air when idle, need not increase ground tune facility, additionally do not increase ground tune area, it is consuming time also additionally not increase access.
Three, in the described in front structure, only have and only shake bar 19 and 23 pairs of liftings of guide rod and carry vehicle frame 22 and carry out the horizontal direction constraint at the The initial segment of elevating movement and ending segment, stage casing in elevating movement there is no constraint, thereby, vehicle frame 22 is carried in lifting must be with than the steady lifting of low velocity, to reduce rocking of horizontal direction.Among the present invention,, also be provided with the fast lifting guiding device,, make it can be with the fast speeds lifting as elevator to improve the rising or falling speed that vehicle frame 22 is carried in lifting for further improving access efficiency.The structure of described fast lifting guiding device is extremely shown in Figure 180 referring to Figure 15: carry vehicle frame in lifting and 22 4 jiaos guide wheel 46 is set respectively, each guide wheel 46 all rotates and is installed on its guide wheel shaft 58, be arranged at the riser guide 43 of the up/down perforation of guide wheel 46 opposite positions fixing with crossbeam 2, guide wheel 46 can be resisted against riser guide 43 scroll-up/down, because every layer all has translation to carry vehicle frame 7 and will pass in and out shared hoist trunk, the riser guide 43 of up/down perforation must intersect mutually with the existing translation track 4 of each layer, fracture 44 is set to dodge continuous riser guide 43 on the translation track 4 of riser guide 43 and existing translation track 4 infalls, riser guide 43 is arranged at the position that shared hoist trunk carries 22 4 jiaos of vehicle frames corresponding to lifting, and the fracture 44 of translation track 4 also is arranged at herein.The one side two ends of carrying vehicle frame 7 close shared hoist trunks in translation respectively add a secondary translation roller 45, center to center distance between secondary translation roller 45 and the original translation roller 3 is greater than the width of fracture 44 on the translation track 4, see Figure 15, translation among the figure is carried vehicle frame 7 and has also been arrived shared hoist trunk from the bicycle parking position on the left of the drawing, the state when dotted line roller vice translation roller 45 and translation roller 3 pass through fracture 44.Whenever the mode that this two-wheel is crossed fracture can guarantee fracture not to be both sides all have wheel to be exactly that a side has two-wheeled at least, and vehicle frame 7 is carried in translation can not be absorbed in fracture 44.Guide wheel shaft 58 is fixed on the wheel carrier 56, because the guide wheel 46 that vehicle frame 22 is carried in lifting when lifting need be embedded in riser guide 43, and guide wheel 46 needs to break away from riser guides 43 during translation; For this reason, each wheel carrier 56 is connected with separately guide wheel jack.
The structure of above-mentioned guide wheel jack is: wheel carrier 56 carries wheel stand 59 on the vehicle frame 22 in lifting through wheel frame axle 55 is hinged; Rocker arm 51 carries rocker stand 48 on the vehicle frame 22 in lifting through rocker arm shaft 49 is hinged; connecting rod 53 two ends are hinged Rocker arm 51 and wheel carrier 56 through link pin 52 and wheel carrier pin 57 respectively; spring 54 1 ends connect connecting rod 53 other ends and connect lifting and carry vehicle frame 22; an end fix stopper 50 of Rocker arm 51; carry in translation push rod 47 is installed on the vehicle frame 7, lifting carry in vehicle frame 22 uphill process backing pin 50 can contact with push rod 47 against.When lifting was carried 22 liters of vehicle frames and supported translation and carry vehicle frame 7, as Figure 16, push rod 47 compressing backing pins 50 caused Rocker arm 51 by connecting rod 53 pull-up wheel carriers 56, and guide wheel 46 is packed up, and breaks away from riser guide 43, and vehicle frame 7 is carried in translation can translation.When lifting is carried vehicle frame 22 when shared hoist trunk begins to descend, backing pin 50 leaves push rod 47 gradually, because of the strength of spring 54 and the deadweight effect of connecting rod, guide wheel and wheel carrier, guide wheel 46 puts down, and is chimeric with riser guide 43, as Figure 17, when push rod 47 and backing pin 50 break away from fully; the line that rocker arm shaft 49, link pin 52 and wheel carrier pin are 57 3 is a straight line or the broken line that is folded to the spring force direction, and under this self-locking state, the external force that acts on guide wheel 46 can not make it folding and unfolding.Thereby carrying the whole process of vehicle frame 22 liftings in lifting, guide wheel 46 keeps reliable chimerism with riser guide 43 all the time.More than dashed graph among two figure represent the working position state corresponding with this figure solid line figure.
In addition, the folding and unfolding of guide wheel 46 also can have multiple implementation, for example with drive unit rotating screw bolt folding and unfolding guide wheel 46 or with drive unit push-and-pull fork folding and unfolding guide wheel 46 or the like, repeats no more.

Claims (12)

1. the translational elevating vehicle loading platform that is used for translational elevating three-dimensional parking equipment, comprise: vehicle frame (7) is carried in translation, the two ends that vehicle frame (7) is carried in translation are movably set with translation roller (3), translation roller (3) rolls with translation track (4) and contacts, translation is carried vehicle frame (7) and is supported on the translation track (4) by translation roller (3), translation track (4) is fixed on the crossbeam (2), crossbeam (2) is fixed on the column (1), also be provided with the driving translation and carry the translation driving device that vehicle frame (7) moves along translation track (4), it is characterized in that: be provided with lifting in the below that vehicle frame (7) is carried in translation and carry vehicle frame (22), the upper end of hanging the steel cable (20) that draws high load shedding vehicle frame (22) is wound on the rope drum (17), rope drum (17) is actively supported on translation by rope drum axle (15) and carries on the vehicle frame (7), and translation is carried and also is provided with the lifting drive that drives rope drum (17) rotation on the vehicle frame (7).
2. the translational elevating vehicle loading platform that is used for translational elevating three-dimensional parking equipment according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: first kind of structure of the lifting drive of described driving rope drum (17) rotation is: comprise the worm gear (16) coaxial with rope drum (17), worm gear (16) and worm screw (5) engagement, the power intake of worm screw (5) is provided with gear (8), be provided with lifting reducing motor (11) corresponding to the crossbeam (2) in the translational elevating three-dimensional parking equipment of gear (8) position of engagement, can be connected with lifting reducing motor (11) through clutch (10) with the lifting driven wheel (9) of gear (8) engaged transmission.
3. the translational elevating vehicle loading platform that is used for translational elevating three-dimensional parking equipment according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: second kind of structure of the lifting drive of described driving rope drum (17) rotation is: be movably set in translation and carry the same end of the rope drum axle (15) of vehicle frame (7) both sides bevel gear (26) all is set, the equal quadrature in rope drum axle (15) end of power transmission shaft (27) and both sides, power transmission shaft (27) one end fixed conveyor bevel gears (28), drive bevel gear (28) and bevel gear (26) engagement, the other end connection reducer (29) of power transmission shaft (27) is installed on translation and carries the two two ends that go out spindle motor (41) of the brake type of vehicle frame (7) connection reducer (29) respectively.
4. according to claim 1 or the 2 or 3 described translational elevating vehicle loading platforms that are used for translational elevating three-dimensional parking equipment, it is characterized in that: described lifting is carried and also is provided with tune platen (25) on the vehicle frame (22), lifting is carried to roll between vehicle frame (22) and tune platen (25) and contact, also is provided with to drive to reverse end for end the rotating driving device that platen (25) rotates.
5. the translational elevating vehicle loading platform that is used for translational elevating three-dimensional parking equipment according to claim 4, it is characterized in that: the structure of the rotating driving device of described driving tune platen (25) rotation is: the center fixation of tune platen (25) has king (31), king (31) rotates and is installed in the axle bed (30), axle bed (30) carries vehicle frame (22) with lifting fixedlys connected, king (31) is provided with the gear of flatting turn (33), the gear (33) of flatting turn meshes with travelling gear (34), travelling gear (34) is installed on the driving gearshaft (35), driving gearshaft (35) is actively supported on lifting and carries vehicle frame (22), transmission worm gear (36) is set on the driving gearshaft (35), transmission worm screw (37) and transmission worm gear (36) engagement, transmission worm shaft (38) rotation is arranged at lifting and carries vehicle frame (22), one end of transmission worm shaft (38) is provided with tune gear (39), be provided with tune driven wheel (61) in the translational elevating three-dimensional parking equipment corresponding to tune gear (39) position of engagement, tune driven wheel (61) can with tune gear (39) engaged transmission, tune driven wheel (61) is connected with tune reducing motor (62) through tune clutch (64), tune reducing motor (62) is arranged on the support (63), and support (63) is installed on column (1).
6. the translational elevating vehicle loading platform that is used for translational elevating three-dimensional parking equipment according to claim 4, it is characterized in that: being provided with some on the wheel carrier (40) of tune platen (25) bottom surface is the roller (32) of revolution center with king (31), and roller (32) carries the rolling of vehicle frame (22) end face with lifting and contacts.
7. according to claim 1 or the 2 or 3 described translational elevating vehicle loading platforms that are used for translational elevating three-dimensional parking equipment, it is characterized in that: also be provided with the fast lifting guiding device, the structure of described fast lifting guiding device is: carry vehicle frame in lifting and (22) four jiaos guide wheel (46) is set respectively, each guide wheel (46) all rotates and is installed on its guide wheel shaft (58), be arranged at the riser guide (43) of the up/down perforation of guide wheel (46) opposite position fixing with crossbeam (2), guide wheel (46) can be resisted against riser guide (43) scroll-up/down, fracture (44) is set to dodge continuous riser guide (43) on the translation track (4) of riser guide (43) and existing translation track (4) infall, the one side two ends of carrying the close shared hoist trunk of vehicle frame (7) in translation respectively add a secondary translation roller (45), center to center distance between secondary translation roller (45) and the original translation roller (3) goes up the width of fracture (44) greater than translation track (4), guide wheel shaft (58) is fixed on the wheel carrier (56), and each wheel carrier (56) is connected with separately guide wheel jack.
8. the translational elevating vehicle loading platform for translational elevating three-dimensional parking equipment according to claim 7; It is characterized in that: the structure of described guide wheel jack is: wheel carrier (56) carries wheel stand (59) on the vehicle frame (22) in lifting through wheel frame axle (55) is hinged; Rocking arm (51) carries rocker stand (48) on the vehicle frame (22) in lifting through rocker arm shaft (49) is hinged; Connecting rod (53) two ends are hinged rocking arm (51) and wheel carrier (56) through link pin (52) and wheel carrier pin (57) respectively; Spring (54) one ends connect connecting rod (53) other end connection lifting and carry vehicle frame (22); One end fix stopper (50) of rocking arm (51); Carry vehicle frame (7) in translation push rod (47) be installed, lifting carry in vehicle frame (22) uphill process backing pin (50) can contact with push rod (47) against.
9. according to claim 1 or the 2 or 3 described translational elevating vehicle loading platforms that are used for translational elevating three-dimensional parking equipment, it is characterized in that: a kind of structure of described translation driving device is: the two ends that vehicle frame (7) is carried in translation respectively are provided with a toothed rack (14), translation reducing motor (12) is fixedly set in translation track (4) downside, is arranged at pan drive gear (13) and tooth bar (14) engaged transmission on translation reducing motor (12) axle.
10. according to claim 1 or the 2 or 3 described translational elevating vehicle loading platforms that are used for translational elevating three-dimensional parking equipment, it is characterized in that: what described translation carried that vehicle frame (7) goes up that the position of carrying (22) four jiaos of vehicle frames corresponding to lifting is provided with enlarging only shakes bar (19).
11. the translational elevating vehicle loading platform that is used for translational elevating three-dimensional parking equipment according to claim 4, it is characterized in that: also be provided with the fast lifting guiding device, the structure of described fast lifting guiding device is: carry vehicle frame in lifting and (22) four jiaos guide wheel (46) is set respectively, each guide wheel (46) all rotates and is installed on its guide wheel shaft (58), be arranged at the riser guide (43) of the up/down perforation of guide wheel (46) opposite position fixing with crossbeam (2), guide wheel (46) can be resisted against riser guide (43) scroll-up/down, fracture (44) is set to dodge continuous riser guide (43) on the translation track (4) of riser guide (43) and existing translation track (4) infall, the one side two ends of carrying the close shared hoist trunk of vehicle frame (7) in translation respectively add a secondary translation roller (45), center to center distance between secondary translation roller (45) and the original translation roller (3) goes up the width of fracture (44) greater than translation track (4), guide wheel shaft (58) is fixed on the wheel carrier (56), and each wheel carrier (56) is connected with separately guide wheel jack.
12. the translational elevating vehicle loading platform for translational elevating three-dimensional parking equipment according to claim 11; It is characterized in that: the structure of described guide wheel jack is: wheel carrier (56) carries wheel stand (59) on the vehicle frame (22) in lifting through wheel frame axle (55) is hinged; Rocking arm (51) carries rocker stand (48) on the vehicle frame (22) in lifting through rocker arm shaft (49) is hinged; Connecting rod (53) two ends are hinged rocking arm (51) and wheel carrier (56) through link pin (52) and wheel carrier pin (57) respectively; Spring (54) one ends connect connecting rod (53) other end connection lifting and carry vehicle frame (22); One end fix stopper (50) of rocking arm (51); Carry vehicle frame (7) in translation push rod (47) be installed, lifting carry in vehicle frame (22) uphill process backing pin (50) can contact with push rod (47) against.
CN2010102085415A 2010-06-22 2010-06-22 Translational elevating vehicle loading platform for translationally elevating three-dimensional parking equipment Expired - Fee Related CN101858160B (en)

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CN103352590A (en) * 2013-07-13 2013-10-16 李祥啟 Catching swing mechanism for three-dimensional parking equipment
CN103850500A (en) * 2014-03-30 2014-06-11 江西龙腾工程机械有限公司 Intelligent stereo garage
CN103938904A (en) * 2014-03-26 2014-07-23 安徽凯旋智能停车设备有限公司 Mechanical type lifting transmission system for two-layer lifting and transversely-moving type three-dimensional parking device
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CN104831961A (en) * 2015-05-21 2015-08-12 山东科技大学 Hand-cranking lifting device of vertical lift two-layer two-stall household stereoscopic garage
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CN110219493A (en) * 2019-03-08 2019-09-10 浙江捷易智能科技股份有限公司 A kind of upper and lower hanging apparatus of parking systems
CN111140061A (en) * 2018-12-07 2020-05-12 长沙理工大学 Rotary avoidance-free three-dimensional parking device
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CN108612365A (en) * 2018-06-12 2018-10-02 西南石油大学 Combined intelligence earth's surface shutdown system
US11040288B2 (en) 2018-11-29 2021-06-22 Universal City Studios Llc Multi-degree of freedom elevator ride system
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