CN101858019A - Efficient and continuous dyeing process method for textile fabric through wet-state steaming - Google Patents

Efficient and continuous dyeing process method for textile fabric through wet-state steaming Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101858019A
CN101858019A CN200910020504A CN200910020504A CN101858019A CN 101858019 A CN101858019 A CN 101858019A CN 200910020504 A CN200910020504 A CN 200910020504A CN 200910020504 A CN200910020504 A CN 200910020504A CN 101858019 A CN101858019 A CN 101858019A
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China
Prior art keywords
dyeing
content
water
fabric
fixation
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Pending
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CN200910020504A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王玉平
乔传亮
林凯
韩祖彬
孙红玉
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Yuyue Home Textile Co Ltd
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Yuyue Home Textile Co Ltd
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Priority to CN200910020504A priority Critical patent/CN101858019A/en
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Abstract

The invention provides an efficient and continuous dyeing process method for textile fabric through wet-state steaming, which belongs to the fabric dyeing method. The process method comprises the following steps in sequence: fabric soaking in dyeing solution, bake-steaming for color fixation, water washing and drying and feeding. During the drying and feeding procedure, the humidity of mixed gas in the reaction steam box is 25-35 percent, the temperature of the mixed gas is 120-130 DEG C, the air volume of the mixed gas is 4m3/s, and the processing time is 2-3 minutes; the saturated vapor pressure is 0.15-0.2MPa; and during the water washing procedure, the content of the water softener B in lotion is 2-3g/L, and the rest is water. The dyeing process method shortens the process flow, thereby not only improving the production efficiency, but also saving the energy. In addition, compared with the traditional dyeing process, the dyeing process method has the advantages of high color fixing speed, high color fixing rate, bright color, no dye transfer, low alkali consumption, good reproducibility, good levelness, good penetration and the like. Therefore, the invention can be used for obtaining good washing-resistant and friction-resistant fastness.

Description

The hygrometric state decatize efficient and continuous dyeing process method of a kind of family textile fabric
Technical field
The invention provides a kind of colouring method of lining, the efficient and continuous dyeing process method of the tame textile fabric that native cellulose fibre such as especially a kind of cotton, fiber crops and regenerated celulose fibre (as artificial cotton, Lyocell, Modal) are made.
Background technology
Along with the enforcement of national energy-saving and emission-reduction and cleaner production policy, rules, dyeing also helps energy-saving and emission-reduction and helps the novel dyeing and finishing process of cleaner production at active development.Wherein, staining technique belongs to one of field of focus development.At first, exploitation environmental protection, the new varieties of REACTIVE DYES efficiently are progressively to replace the dye species that those dye-uptakes are low, degree of fixation is low, environmental pollution pressure is big, as SULPHUR DYES, direct dyes, azo dyes, ACID DYES etc.Secondly, improve the dyeing method.
Current, the tame textile fabric that native cellulose fibres such as cotton, fiber crops and regenerated celulose fibre (as artificial cotton, Lyocell, Modal) are made, the colouring method of application of active dyestuff has multiple, and open width pad dyeing method wherein just has two kinds: roll-dry by the fire-roll-steaming method and roll-dry by the fire-the roasting method; Also have dye gigging method (being dip method), cold-rolling heap staining method etc., they all have characteristics separately, but all have various defectives and deficiency.
Roll-dry by the fire-roll-the steaming method is that first pad dyeing material rerolls and carries out decatize behind the fixation liquid, decatize is promptly wet steams, and reaches and dyes the fixation purpose, but because of existing one baking operation to expend steam energy, contain a large amount of salt, alkaline agent in the waste water, cause waste water control pressure, and easily produce dye migration; And roll-dry by the fire-the roasting method is that the pad dyeing fixation is carried out decatize, i.e. dry blowing after bathing oven dry.Dye degree of depth specific humidity in the dry blowing and steam dark two one-tenth, but every fastness is lower than the former, so the former uses morely,, can consider use the dry blowing method, but putting in order and will improve the coloration of textile materials fastness with color-fixing agent in the back to the wet degree of depth that is beyond one's reach of steaming.Dye gigging method (being dip method) belongs to a kind of intermittent colouring method, and it is big to exist water consumption, and production efficiency is low, be prone to a batch aberration, the saturating core degree of dyeing is poor, the drawback of white core phenomenon occurs;
The cold-rolling heap staining method is a kind of colouring method of semi-batch, its traditional relatively two-phase pad steaming process, degree of fixation has improved 15-25%, has simple and reliable process, an advantage such as the capital expenditure expense is low, productivity ratio is high, accurate standby period is short, repeatability good, degree of fixation is high and dyestuff penetration is good.Be prone to that margin to seam seal, feel are hard, setting-out does not have pad dyeing cotton spreadability difference directly perceived, dead and need the special use problems such as tool and method of drawing a design but also exist.
Summary of the invention
The technical problem to be solved in the present invention is, the hygrometric state decatize efficient and continuous dyeing process method of a kind of family textile fabric is provided, and with shortened process, cuts down the consumption of energy.
The present invention realizes like this, the hygrometric state decatize efficient and continuous dyeing process method of a kind of family textile fabric, described process has fabric to pad dye liquor successively, machine operation under fixation, washing, the oven dry is steamed in roasting, pad in the dye liquor operation at fabric, the content of penetrating agent JFC is 2-3g/L in the dye liquor, the content of reservehao S is 1-2g/L, and the content of PMS migration inhibitor is 8-10g/L, adopts NaHCO 3During as alkaline agent, NaHCO 3Content be 9-11g/L, adopt Na 2CO 3During as alkaline agent, Na 2CO 3Content be 19-21g/L, all the other are REACTIVE DYES and water; The pick-up of evenness calender is 65%, and the mode of padding is to soak one to roll; The speed of a motor vehicle be 10-50 rice/minute; Steam in the fixation operation in roasting, the mist humidity in the reaction steam box is 25%-35%, and the mist temperature is 120-130 ℃, and the mist air quantity is 4 cubes of meter per seconds, and the processing time is 2-3 minute; Saturated vapour pressure is 0.15-0.2Mpa; In washing step, the water softener B content in the water lotion is 2-3g/L, and all the other are water.
Adopt this hygrometric state decatize efficient and continuous dyeing process method, tame textile fabric is not dried and is directly carried out quick decatize behind exhaust dyeing, finishes and dyes and fixation operation, carries out high performance counter current washing machine down again.Like this, whole dyeing flow process is become by traditional rolling-dry by the fire-roll-steam-wash five-step approach rolls-steams-footwork of giving a baby a bath on the third day after its birth, and has shortened technological process, has both improved production efficiency, has saved the energy again.In addition, with respect to traditional dyeing technology, advantage such as this dyeing method has that fixation speed is fast, degree of fixation is high, bright in colour, dyestuff is difficult for migration, the alkaline agent consumption is few, favorable reproducibility, level-dyeing property and through-dyeing are good can obtain good washable and fastness to rubbing.Production practices show, it is high by 30% that the Dry Sack rate of the conventional decatize technology of REACTIVE DYES bakes technology than routine, and the Dry Sack rate of dyeing method that should invention is then than the high 10-20% of Dry Sack rate of conventional decatize technology.This dyeing method is suitable for some unmanageable colors such as coffee, yellowish green and grey etc. especially.
The specific embodiment
Further specify the present invention below.
Pad in the dye liquor operation at fabric, when REACTIVE DYES is the dichloro s-triazine type dye, use NaHCO 3(sodium bicarbonate) makes alkaline agent.And when REACTIVE DYES is the more weak REACTIVE DYES of other reactivities, use Na 2CO 3(sodium carbonate) makes alkaline agent.The content of the REACTIVE DYES in the dye liquor determines according to the color that will dye, used situations such as REACTIVE DYES, this content determine and existing dyeing method in identical.This is conspicuous to those skilled in the art.
Steam in the fixation operation in roasting, adopt porch in the reaction steam box that the wet-steaming padding mangle of infrared radiator is installed, utilize infrared radiator that the fabric that enters before the reaction steam box is carried out preheating.To carry out preheating by infrared radiation through the hygrometric state man textile fabric of dye liquor dipping, make its intensification, after the mist fixation treatment through heated dry air in the reaction chamber and small amount of steam formation, REACTIVE DYES is fully permeated to fibrous inside by fiber surface, further improves Color.The used equipment of other operations, process conditions etc. are identical with corresponding operation in the existing dyeing method.
Embodiment 1
The hygrometric state decatize efficient and continuous dyeing process method of a kind of family textile fabric, described process has fabric to pad dye liquor successively, machine operation under fixation, washing, the oven dry is steamed in roasting, pad in the dye liquor operation at fabric, the content of penetrating agent JFC is 2g/L in the dye liquor, the content of reservehao S is 2g/L, the content of PMS migration inhibitor is 8g/L, adopts NaHCO 3During as alkaline agent, NaHCO 3Content be 11g/L, adopt Na 2CO 3During as alkaline agent, Na 2CO 3Content be 19g/L, all the other are REACTIVE DYES and water; The pick-up of evenness calender is 65%, and the mode of padding is to soak one to roll; The speed of a motor vehicle is 50 meters/minute; Steam in the fixation operation in roasting, the mist humidity in the reaction steam box is 25%, and the mist temperature is 130 ℃, and the mist air quantity is 4 cubes of meter per seconds, and the processing time is 2 minutes; Saturated vapour pressure is 0.2Mpa; In washing step, the water softener B content in the water lotion is 2g/L, and all the other are water.
Embodiment 2
The hygrometric state decatize efficient and continuous dyeing process method of a kind of family textile fabric, described process has fabric to pad dye liquor successively, machine operation under fixation, washing, the oven dry is steamed in roasting, pad in the dye liquor operation at fabric, the content of penetrating agent JFC is 3g/L in the dye liquor, the content of reservehao S is 1g/L, the content of PMS migration inhibitor is 10g/L, adopts NaHCO 3During as alkaline agent, NaHCO 3Content be 9g/L, adopt Na 2CO 3During as alkaline agent, Na 2CO 3Content be 21g/L, all the other are REACTIVE DYES and water; The pick-up of evenness calender is 65%, and the mode of padding is to soak one to roll; The speed of a motor vehicle is 10 meters/minute; Steam in the fixation operation in roasting, the mist humidity in the reaction steam box is 35%, and the mist temperature is 120 ℃, and the mist air quantity is 4 cubes of meter per seconds, and the processing time is 3 minutes; Saturated vapour pressure is 0.15Mpa; In washing step, the water softener B content in the water lotion is 3g/L, and all the other are water.

Claims (1)

1. the hygrometric state decatize efficient and continuous dyeing process method of a tame textile fabric, it is characterized in that, described process has fabric to pad dye liquor successively, machine operation under fixation, washing, the oven dry is steamed in roasting, pad in the dye liquor operation at fabric, the content of penetrating agent JFC is 2-3g/L in the dye liquor, the content of reservehao S is 1-2g/L, and the content of PMS migration inhibitor is 8-10g/L, adopts NaHCO 3During as alkaline agent, NaHCO 3Content be 9-11g/L, adopt Na 2CO 3During as alkaline agent, Na 2CO 3Content be 19-21g/L, all the other are REACTIVE DYES and water; The pick-up of evenness calender is 65%, and the mode of padding is to soak one to roll; The speed of a motor vehicle be 10-50 rice/minute; Steam in the fixation operation in roasting, the mist humidity in the reaction steam box is 25%-35%, and the mist temperature is 120-130 ℃, and the mist air quantity is 4 cubes of meter per seconds, and the processing time is 2-3 minute; Saturated vapour pressure is 0.15-0.2Mpa; In washing step, the water softener B content in the water lotion is 2-3g/L, and all the other are water.
CN200910020504A 2009-04-13 2009-04-13 Efficient and continuous dyeing process method for textile fabric through wet-state steaming Pending CN101858019A (en)

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Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102758326A (en) * 2011-04-28 2012-10-31 孚日集团股份有限公司 Reactive dye continuous pad-dyeing shorted and wet steaming machining process for towel and quilt fabrics
CN102912654A (en) * 2012-11-09 2013-02-06 愉悦家纺有限公司 Dyeing method for fabric
CN104264518A (en) * 2014-10-28 2015-01-07 中山宝德纺织有限公司 Novel cold rolling dyeing method
CN104562510A (en) * 2015-01-23 2015-04-29 绍兴国周针织科技有限公司 Continuous pad-steam dyeing loose fiber dyeing device
CN104805614A (en) * 2015-03-23 2015-07-29 曹鸿雁 Constant-temperature constant-humidity energy-saving pad dyeing process
CN106400543A (en) * 2016-08-29 2017-02-15 浙江彩蝶实业有限公司 Fabric dyeing method with good dyeing stability
WO2021088242A1 (en) * 2019-11-07 2021-05-14 华纺股份有限公司 Reactive dye moisture fixation continuous dyeing method

Cited By (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102758326A (en) * 2011-04-28 2012-10-31 孚日集团股份有限公司 Reactive dye continuous pad-dyeing shorted and wet steaming machining process for towel and quilt fabrics
CN102912654A (en) * 2012-11-09 2013-02-06 愉悦家纺有限公司 Dyeing method for fabric
CN102912654B (en) * 2012-11-09 2015-03-18 愉悦家纺有限公司 Dyeing method for fabric
CN104264518A (en) * 2014-10-28 2015-01-07 中山宝德纺织有限公司 Novel cold rolling dyeing method
CN104264518B (en) * 2014-10-28 2016-05-04 中山宝德绿色农业有限公司 A kind of new cold rolling colouring method
CN104562510A (en) * 2015-01-23 2015-04-29 绍兴国周针织科技有限公司 Continuous pad-steam dyeing loose fiber dyeing device
CN104805614A (en) * 2015-03-23 2015-07-29 曹鸿雁 Constant-temperature constant-humidity energy-saving pad dyeing process
CN104805614B (en) * 2015-03-23 2019-02-19 曹鸿雁 Constant temperature and humidity energy conservation knot dyeing technology
CN106400543A (en) * 2016-08-29 2017-02-15 浙江彩蝶实业有限公司 Fabric dyeing method with good dyeing stability
CN106400543B (en) * 2016-08-29 2018-07-27 浙江彩蝶实业有限公司 The good woven fabric colouring method of dye stability
WO2021088242A1 (en) * 2019-11-07 2021-05-14 华纺股份有限公司 Reactive dye moisture fixation continuous dyeing method

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Application publication date: 20101013