CN101857089A - Plane parachute - Google Patents

Plane parachute Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101857089A
CN101857089A CN200910058854A CN200910058854A CN101857089A CN 101857089 A CN101857089 A CN 101857089A CN 200910058854 A CN200910058854 A CN 200910058854A CN 200910058854 A CN200910058854 A CN 200910058854A CN 101857089 A CN101857089 A CN 101857089A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
umbrella
cabin
umbellule
hatch door
parachute
Prior art date
Application number
CN200910058854A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
陈昌志
Original Assignee
陈昌志
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 陈昌志 filed Critical 陈昌志
Priority to CN200910058854A priority Critical patent/CN101857089A/en
Publication of CN101857089A publication Critical patent/CN101857089A/en

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Abstract

The invention discloses a plane parachute, which is formed by developing and improving the traditional parachute, wherein the parachute is a group of umbrellas consisting of one to two guide assistant small umbrellas and a plurality of layers of large umbrellas; the group of umbrellas are usually folded in a parachute cabin, when the parachute cabin is started, the small umbrellas pop up, and the small umbrellas are full of air and then bring out the large combined umbrella so as to make the plane safely land. One plane can be provided with one or more groups of umbrellas as required, and the parachute is suitable for various planes and aerospace aircrafts. The parachute manufactured according to the invention can greatly improve the safety of the plane flight and greatly reduce the flight accident and loss.

Description

Plane parachute
Affiliated technical field: aviation aircraft safe falling deceleration instrument.
Background technology:
From the invention aircraft till now, according to the paper says air crash having taken place in the whole world has several thousand, and death toll is up to ten thousand, if it is just bigger to add the loss of war air battle aircraft, economic loss can't be calculated.In order to protect aircraft and the personnel safety when flying, avoid the fatal crass when having an accident as far as possible, thereby the invention plane parachute.With parachute of the present invention the aeroplane accident accident is greatly reduced, aircraft and driver and crew have safety control very much, can greatly improve the safety of aircraft flight, with minimizing accident probability and economic loss.This invention is suitable equally to other space flight and aviation aircraft, as space shuttle, airship, satellite recovery etc.Plane parachute is had many uses general, and market development application prospect is fine, and economic value is very big.
Summary of the invention:
Parachute is invented and widespread use already, his principle of work is to utilize air resistance, the expandable aerodynamic decel erator that dependence is inflating expanded with respect to air movement makes people or object drop to ground-surface a kind of aviation instrument from air security, is mainly made by flexible fabric.Plane parachute is to have obtained on the basis of widespread use through improving development at common parachute.The parachute of usefulness generally all is to be made by one deck flexible fabric now, because the umbrella face area is limited, so load carrying ability is all little.Because of the size of parachute flexible fabric face area is directly proportional with load carrying ability, make parachute have very big load carrying ability just must increase the total face area of flexible fabric, if it also is very limited only increasing face area on one deck umbrella, so must could solve the problem of the very heavy amount of umbrella to the multi-layer umbrella development, the present invention realizes according to this technical scheme of utilization.In fact plane parachute is equivalent to some monolayer umbrellas are connected the big parachute of compound type of combining and forming, and therefore can increase the load carrying ability of umbrella greatly, and umbrella can be opened to protect flight safety at aircraft flight mis-use breakdown clutch.
The technical scheme of plane parachute is achieved in that as shown in Figure 5, collapsible auxiliary umbellule 1 of guiding and the compound type gamp 2 of being placed with in the umbrella cabin, and umbellule is connecting gamp, and gamp master rope is connecting the airframe main framing.As shown in figure 15, the umbrella door cover is provided with umbellule and launches guiding hook 1, links up with the tail direction of 1 opening towards fuselage, umbellule is housed on the hook launches the guiding rope.Hinge of spring 4 is equipped with in junction in umbrella hatch door and umbrella cabin, when needing umbrella work, hatch door 2 back doors that unlock can be automatically springed open; Operating hydraulically operated (or air pressure) and for example shown in Figure 14 device is opened two umbrella hatch doors.When opening the umbrella hatch door, launch and take the auxiliary umbellule of guiding out of, umbellule opens automatically by charge of air under the aircraft flight inertial force, because aircraft is being advanced forward, umbellule ejects stressed opening can be to the float of tail direction and with the traction rope slippage on the hatch door hook, umbellule is to floating in the air, at this moment umbellule is inflated fully and stressedly can be taken ground floor gamp in the cabin out of by umbellule, stressed the opening of ground floor gamp inflation taken other layers umbrella again out of, and the like in one group of umbrella every layer of umbrella all open work.The main rope of umbrella is connecting the mainframe of aircraft, and helicopter is provided with special machine umbrella clutch disk 6 as shown in figure 11.Opening one deck gamp needs about 2 to 3 seconds approximately, and opening one group 10 to 20 layers umbrella needs 20 to 30 seconds approximately, and 30 layers of umbrella need 1 to 2 minute.If umbrella is more than two groups, open second group again after opening first group, opening sequence be open earlier nearest apart from airplane tail group, more successively to heading.If the group number of umbrella is more, can the umbrella high and low position be staggered every group of umbrella master rope sample different in size, in order to avoid opening back work, umbrella influences each other.Can be after the aircraft safety is landed with in the folding income of the parachute umbrella cabin, if the umbrella zero damage is used after also can being provided with again.
Description of drawings:
Fig. 1 opens work situation figure for the blimp umbrella, the auxiliary umbellule of 1-guiding among the figure, 2-compound type work gamp, 3-umbrella cabin.
Fig. 2 opens work situation figure for the autogyro umbrella, the auxiliary umbellule of 1-guiding among the figure, 2-compound type work gamp, 3-umbrella cabin.
Fig. 3 opens work situation figure for the opportunity of combat umbrella, the auxiliary umbellule of 1-guiding among the figure, 2-compound type work gamp, 3-umbrella cabin.
Fig. 4 opens work situation figure for medium-sized passenger plane umbrella, the auxiliary umbellule of 1-guiding among the figure, 2-compound type work gamp, 3-umbrella master rope, 4-umbrella cabin.
Fig. 5 is that umbrella lamination in the cabin is placed figure, the auxiliary umbellule of 1-guiding among the figure, 2-compound type work gamp, 3-umbrella rope, 4-umbrella cabin.
Fig. 6 is work in combination umbrella and body connection mode figure one, the auxiliary umbellule of 1-guiding among the figure, 2-compound type work gamp, 3-body body frame.
Fig. 7 is work in combination umbrella and body connection mode figure two, the auxiliary umbellule of 1-guiding among the figure, 2-compound type work gamp, 3-body body frame.
Fig. 8 organizes the work in combination umbrella more and body connects the mode map interlinking, the auxiliary umbellule of 1-guiding among the figure, 2-compound type work gamp, 3-body body frame.
Fig. 9 opens sight figure for two hatch doors, the auxiliary umbellule hook of 1-guiding among the figure, the auxiliary umbellule of 2-guiding, 3-umbrella hatch door, 4-hinge of spring and rotating shaft, 5-compound type Umbrella for working, 6-umbrella cabin, 7-body.
Figure 10 is a umbrella cabin planar view, and a is for facing (transversal surface) figure among the figure, and b is a lateral plan, 1-S. A. among the figure, 2-umbrella cabin.
Figure 11 is provided with figure for autogyro umbrella cabin, 1-umbrella hatch door among the figure, 2,3-umbrella cabin, 4-fixed main shaft, 5-mother Luo, 6-umbrella machine clutch disk, the last lining of 7-, lining under the 8-, 9-screw propeller, 10-bearing, 11-screw propeller mounting flange, the hollow live spindle of 12-.
Figure 12 is an autogyro umbrella cabin form planar view, a-front elevation among the figure, b-lateral plan, c-birds-eye view, 1-umbrella hatch door, 2-umbrella cabin.
Figure 13 is hatch door electromagnetic mechanism locking figure, 1-umbrella hatch door among the figure, and the 2-rubber seal, 3-umbrella cabin, 4-locks hook, 5-electromagnetic mechanism locking security door, 6-insurance lock, 7-button, 8-retracing spring, 9-electromagnetic core, 10-magnet coil, 11-electric wire.
Figure 14 handles for two hatch doors and figure is set, 1-rubber seal among the figure, 2-hatch door electromagnetic locking mechanism, 3-hatch door, 4-hydraulic efficiency gear rack, 5-hatch door open and close swing pinion, 6-hydraulic oil pipe, 7-hydraulic efficiency gear, 8-umbrella cabin.
Figure 15 is provided with figure for single hatch door, 1-rubber seal among the figure, 2-electromagnetic mechanism blocking device, 3-umbrella hatch door, 4-hinge of spring, 5-umbrella cabin, 6-cabin body, 7-hatch door hook, 8-umbellule.
Figure 16 for the umbrella cabin at the upper planar view that installs of body, a is a front elevation among the figure, b is a lateral plan, 1-umbrella hatch door among the figure, 2-umbrella cabin, 3-body.
Figure 17 for two umbrella cabins at the upper figure that installs of body, 1-handles umbrella hatch door arm revolving gear, 2-umbrella hatch door, 3-rotating shaft, 4-bearing, 5-frame among the figure.
The specific embodiment:
Shown in Fig. 1 to 4, manufacture various multi-form parachutes to adapt to its needs according to different type of airplanes.Umbrella shape has cylindrical, conical, rectangular arc, whatsoever one group of umbrella of the shape of sample all must be to be combined by the several layers umbrella.The group number of umbrella and how much being decided by the total weight of aircraft again of the number of plies are set, and aircraft is big more heavy more, and the number of plies of umbrella and group number are many more.Blimp is general installs one group, and medium-and-large-sized machine can be installed 2 to 3 groups or more groups.The total quantity of group number and the number of plies all is to need load carrying ability for the face area that makes the umbrella flexible fabric reaches, and makes umbrella can guarantee safety opening the fall speed control of (landing) of back aircraft about 5 meter per seconds.According to one group of umbrella of needs of aircraft minimum which floor, arrive several ten layers at most, main chute layer and interfloor distance are about 3 to 5 meters, what the number of plies was few can be more than 5 meters.
The position that is provided with of parachute compartment also is according to different type of airplanes and difference with shape, and autogyro can be arranged on above the screw propeller as shown in Figure 2, is shaped as flat ellipse, air resistance when flying to reduce, as shown in figure 12.Other types are all at body upper, for oblong as shown in figure 16.The all folded formula of parachute is housed in the cabin as shown in Figure 5.Hatch door has single open-door as shown in figure 15, has double door as shown in Figure 9.
The umbrella hatch door has circular shown in c among Figure 12 and rectangular arc, and shown in Fig. 9,10, hinge of spring and rainwater sealing rubber strip are equipped with in the junction in hatch door and cabin.The opening ways of hatch door has following several: as shown in figure 13,1, by calutron operation and electric operating, 2, operating hydraulically operated (or air pressure) device that manually touches the button at operator's compartment or at umbrella cabin door place is opened, 3, also can adopt the wireless installation remote operation, 4, be arranged to use the computer automatic guidance.5, before flight, can open the safe reliability inspection that the umbrella hatch door be made umbrella with all set-up mode at ordinary times, can reliably open use when the critical accident of flight takes place.
The parachute rope has main rope and auxiliary rope two classes, and the connection mode of main rope and body is different and different because of type of airplane, and as shown in figure 11, autogyro is provided with a special clutch disk 6 in the umbrella cabin.Other types are shown in Fig. 6,7,8, and umbrella master rope is mounted on the main framing of fuselage.
Umbrella is as long as original intensity is with repeated use repeatedly after once when keeping its new clothes.
Note item: must not at will not open umbrella when having accident, otherwise can cause aircraft accident on the contrary, therefore the manipulation of umbrella needs to carry out when very critical in that need time spent and accident are special, therefore handling device will be added safety device, and is accidents caused to prevent maloperation.

Claims (9)

1. plane parachute is multilayer or super multi-layer combined type umbrella, has very big load carrying ability, according to the needs of planeload, can one or more groups umbrella be set a machine.To be one group of umbrella by multi-layer umbrella connect very much the principal character of umbrella from top to bottom combines one group of big main chute, is provided with 1 to 2 auxiliary umbellule of guiding in the top of main chute, usually all collapsible being placed in the ad hoc umbrella cabin; The operation relevant apparatus is opened the umbrella hatch door when the Aeronautics and Astronautics aircraft needs time spent and aircraft mis-use breakdown, ejectable went out the auxiliary umbellule of guiding when hatch door was opened, take the ground floor gamp that is placed on the compound parachute the superiors in the umbrella cabin out of after filling air work by umbellule, take second layer umbrella after the ground floor umbrella opens again out of, and the like make the combination gamp all open work.
2. according to claim 1, the umbrella hatch door is provided with the electromagnetic mechanical locking, it is characterized by: have the automatically reset calutron of spring, electromagnetic and mechanical locking can be at the scene or at the operator's compartment M/C, also can operate by radio telecommand, the operation of electromagnetic mechanical locking dress is provided with safety device and avoids maloperation.
3. according to claim 1, being provided with umbellule on circular, the single, double umbrella hatch door of rectangular arc launches and draws hook, it is characterized by: umbellule launches draws the hook opening towards the tail direction, hatch door will draw rope from linking up with automatic slippage after opening stressed the opening of back umbellule inflation, umbellule freely floats in the air, and umbellule is connecting the last layer of combination gamp.
4. according to claim 1, between umbrella door cover and cabin body, be provided with the rainwater sealing rubber strip.It is characterized by: making a circle along joint between umbrella door cover and cabin body is hermetically sealed.
5. according to claim 1, between umbrella door cover and cabin body, be provided with two groups of hinge of springs or many groups.It is characterized by: Spring Hinge can automatically spring open the umbrella hatch door after the umbrella door cover unlocks.
6. according to claim 1, be provided with the umbrella cabin above in the screw propeller of autogyro, it is characterized by: umbrella shape out of my cabin is a flat ellipse, on circular hatch door, there is umbellule guiding rope to forge ties, topmost be equiped with the guiding umbellule in the cabin, connecting collapsible combination gamp below the umbellule, gamp master rope is connecting a umbrella machine clutch disk of extreme lower position in the cabin, disk is installed on a fixedly upper end of upright shafts, and this lower end is connected with the body body frame of autogyro.The outside of the external fixedly upright shafts in bottom cabin in the umbrella cabin, also overlapping and be equiped with a hollow shaft that rotates by the copter engine drive, hollow rotating shaft is equipped with bearing and flange topmost, the autogyro screw propeller is housed on the flange, and therefore the work of umbrella and screw propeller separate and be not subjected to dried sorrow mutually.
7. according to claim 1, other umbrella cabins all are arranged on top, body top except that autogyro, and it is characterized by: minicomputer is generally a umbrella cabin, and medium-and-large-sized machine is 2 to 3 cabins or more, one group of compound parachute that works alone separately of installing in the cabin.
8. according to claim 1, the opening ways of umbrella hatch door has multiple, it is characterized by: according to the different opening ways of aircraft kind and difference, can operate each opening ways when the safe reliability of flight previous crops umbrella is checked tests, as installing at bridge operation button, usefulness computer programed control calutron electric device, hydraulic pressure (air pressure), operate to umbrella hatch door on-site manual, or all can with the radio telecommand operation.
9. according to claim 1, one group of umbrella is to be made of the several layers flexible fabric.It is characterized by: umbrella shape has cylindrical, cone shape, rectangular arc, the interval is 3 to 5 meters between layer and the layer, and the number of plies of umbrella is decided on planeload with the group number, and aircraft is big more heavy more, the number of plies of umbrella and group number are just many more, the root a tree name need one group of umbrella minimum which floor, tens layers at most.
CN200910058854A 2009-04-07 2009-04-07 Plane parachute CN101857089A (en)

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CN200910058854A CN101857089A (en) 2009-04-07 2009-04-07 Plane parachute

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Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103832591A (en) * 2012-11-28 2014-06-04 陈昌志 Multifunctional new energy airplane
CN103832582A (en) * 2012-11-28 2014-06-04 陈昌志 Multifunctional helicopter
CN104568370A (en) * 2014-12-11 2015-04-29 中国航天空气动力技术研究院 Rapid parachute-opening wind tunnel test device of supersonic lander
CN105644799A (en) * 2016-04-11 2016-06-08 长光卫星技术有限公司 Separated type parachute ejection capsule for an unmanned aerial vehicle
CN106428576A (en) * 2015-08-12 2017-02-22 北京韦加天地通航空科技有限公司 Single-point type parachute hanging device and single-point type parachute hanging method
CN110921593A (en) * 2019-11-16 2020-03-27 兰州万里航空机电有限责任公司 Electric equipment is retrieved to umbrella area
EP3532388A4 (en) * 2016-10-28 2020-06-17 Kitty Hawk Corporation Bimodal parachute deployment system

Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103832591A (en) * 2012-11-28 2014-06-04 陈昌志 Multifunctional new energy airplane
CN103832582A (en) * 2012-11-28 2014-06-04 陈昌志 Multifunctional helicopter
CN104568370A (en) * 2014-12-11 2015-04-29 中国航天空气动力技术研究院 Rapid parachute-opening wind tunnel test device of supersonic lander
CN104568370B (en) * 2014-12-11 2017-05-03 中国航天空气动力技术研究院 Rapid parachute-opening wind tunnel test device of supersonic lander
CN106428576A (en) * 2015-08-12 2017-02-22 北京韦加天地通航空科技有限公司 Single-point type parachute hanging device and single-point type parachute hanging method
CN105644799A (en) * 2016-04-11 2016-06-08 长光卫星技术有限公司 Separated type parachute ejection capsule for an unmanned aerial vehicle
EP3532388A4 (en) * 2016-10-28 2020-06-17 Kitty Hawk Corporation Bimodal parachute deployment system
CN110921593A (en) * 2019-11-16 2020-03-27 兰州万里航空机电有限责任公司 Electric equipment is retrieved to umbrella area

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Application publication date: 20101013

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