CN101857008B - Active-mode intelligent safety monitoring instrument for car - Google Patents

Active-mode intelligent safety monitoring instrument for car Download PDF

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CN101857008B
CN101857008B CN 201010159743 CN201010159743A CN101857008B CN 101857008 B CN101857008 B CN 101857008B CN 201010159743 CN201010159743 CN 201010159743 CN 201010159743 A CN201010159743 A CN 201010159743A CN 101857008 B CN101857008 B CN 101857008B
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alarm
vehicle
embedded
system
circuit
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CN101857008A (en
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王立颖
路军
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路军
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Abstract

The invention relates to the field of the car electronic and artificial intelligent field, and particularly discloses an active-mode intelligent safety monitoring instrument for a car and a monitoring method thereof. The active-mode intelligent safety monitoring instrument for the car comprises an embedded system (comprising a microprocessor, a monitoring program and relevant algorithm, which arecured inside a chip), a GPS module, a GSM module, an SIM card reader, an alarming device, a CCD camera, a multi-axis acceleration sensor, a power supply system (a lithium battery, a solar battery anda power supply adapter interface), an integrated circuit board, a shell (comprising a functional plate and a battery cover), an antitheft remote controller, a buckling-type rubbery-prevention remote controller and a power supply adapter. The instrument utilizes the GPS to realize the positioning, displacement bulgur prevention, speed measurement and timing, utilizes GSM to realize the auxiliary positioning and the SMS automatic alarming, utilizes the CCD combination mode to identify and monitor the fatigue driving, robbery and accident state and utilizes the acceleration sensor to detect the accident state. The instrument can realize the functions such as mobile positioning, over-speed alarming, positioning antitheft automatic alarming, positioning robbery-prevention alarming, fatigue driving prevention and warning, traffic accident automatic positioning, alarming and help, and the like.

Description

一种车用主动式智能安全监控仪器 A vehicle intelligent active safety monitoring equipment

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明涉及汽车电子和人工智能领域。 [0001] The present invention relates to the field of artificial intelligence and automotive electronics. 具体公开一种车用主动式智能安全监控仪器及其监控方法,用于汽车主动安全检测和报警求助。 Specific discloses a vehicle intelligent active safety monitoring equipment and monitoring method, used in automotive active safety detection and alarm for help. 可达到GPS/GSM集成移动定位、高速公路超速报警、车辆定位防盗自动报警、车辆定位防抢报警、防疲劳驾驶警示、重大交通事故自动定位报警求助等功能。 Up to GPS / GSM integrated mobile positioning, highway speed alarm, automatic vehicle location anti-theft alarm, vehicle location snatches alarm, anti-fatigue driving warning, automatic positioning of major accidents to the Police and other functions.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 汽车电子发展的一大趋势是安全性。 [0002] a trend of development of automotive electronics is security. 市场对于能够保证驾驶更加安全的技术和产品有着庞大的需求。 For the market to ensure safer driving techniques and products have huge demand. 现在已经在被动安全技术取得了重大的进展,如碰撞传感器、气囊、安全带、随动转向结构、以及金属板冲撞区等产品。 Now we have made significant advances in passive safety technology, such as a crash sensor, airbags, seat belts, steering follower structure, and a metal plate collision zone, and other products. 但是,最新的发展方向是主动安全性,通过采用传感器、嵌入式系统等技术,用于提醒驾驶者安全控制汽车、防盗、防抢、自动求助。 However, the latest development direction of active safety, through the use of sensors, embedded systems and other technology to alert the driver control the car safety, security, snatches, automatic help.

[0003] 国内外的相关研究主要集中在定位、防疲劳驾驶、电子防盗技术三方面,不过都是单一功能和单一产品。 [0003] domestic and international research focused on positioning, anti-fatigue driving, electronic anti-theft technology in three areas, but are single-function and single product. 欧盟在交通事故求助报警方面有些研究。 Some studies in the European Union for help traffic accident to the police.

[0004] 1、定位技术。 [0004] 1, positioning technology. 移动定位技术目前广泛应用的是GPS,但GPS在建筑物密集的城市基本起不到作用。 Mobile positioning technology is currently widely used is the GPS, but the GPS in built-up urban basic no effect. 为弥补这个不足,在城市定位中还应用了GPS0NE,据说定位精度可达到5-50米,但实际应用开发误差极大,有时达到1000米以上,技术不够成熟。 To make up for this deficiency, in the city location also applied GPS0NE, reportedly positioning accuracy can reach 5-50 meters, but the actual application development a great error, sometimes up to 1000 meters above technology is not mature enough.

[0005] 2、防疲劳驾驶技术。 [0005] 2, anti-fatigue driving. 国外对于这种技术都在研究中,开发出了一些产品,但需要改装汽车或重新设计且价格高昂,目前已经有部分高级轿车在应用。 For this technique are abroad in the study, developed a number of products, but need to modify or redesign and expensive cars, there are already some limousine in the application. 如美国Attention Technologies公司推出的Driver Fatigue Monitor (DD850)通过红外摄像头采集驾驶人眼部信息,采用PERCL0S作为疲劳报警指标,可直接安装在仪表盘上,但只有晚上才有效,且眼部信息采集误差极大,对于眼睛很小的人或戴墨镜的驾驶员几乎不起作用;美国Digital Installations开发的S. Α. Μ.疲劳报警装置利用置于方向盘下方的磁性条检测方向盘转角,如果一段时间内驾驶员没有对方向盘进行任何修正操作,则系统推断驾驶员进入疲劳状态,并触发报警。 Attention Technologies U.S. launched the Driver Fatigue Monitor (DD850) acquired by the infrared camera driver eye information using PERCL0S as fatigue alarm indicator can be directly mounted on the dashboard, but is effective only at night, and the error information collection eye great for small eyes of a driver wearing sunglasses or little effect; U.S. Digital Installations S. Α Μ developed using a fatigue alarm detecting magnetic strip placed below the steering wheel angle of the steering wheel, if a period of time. the driver does not perform any correction operation of the steering wheel, the driver enters the inferred fatigue, and trigger an alarm. 但如果在蛇形路、连续弯道、盘山路、环形路中误报非常严重。 But if in a serpentine path, continuous curve, mountain road, ring road of false positives is very serious.

[0006] 国内对驾驶人安全状态监测技术的研究起步较晚,相关研究主要在大学等研究机构进行。 [0006] China started research on driver safety condition monitoring technology of late, mainly related research conducted at universities and other research institutions. 相关领域的研究主要集中在基于视频信号的驾驶人眼部生理特征的研究方面,且目前各种算法在识别精度、可靠性、实时性等基础性能方面尚存在问题。 Research in related fields of study focused on the motorists based on the physiological characteristics of the eye video signals respects and algorithms currently in recognition accuracy, reliability, timeliness and other basic terms of performance, there are still problems.

[0007] 3、电子防盗技术。 [0007] 3. Electronic anti-theft technology. 国内外电子防盗器主要有三种。 Domestic and foreign electronic anti-theft devices are mainly three. 中控式防盗比较实用,拥有特殊锁紧螺母的防盗器可以应付一般的偷车贼;单向防盗器具有遥控锁车功能,遇到异常震动时会报警;双向防盗器进行了改进,能够在遥控器上显示车辆状态,更为直观。 In more practical anti-theft control, the lock nut has a special anti-theft device can meet the general car thieves; unidirectional remote lock having a car alarm function, an alarm will be encountered when the abnormal vibration; two-way security is improved, it is possible the vehicle state on the remote controller display, more intuitive. 但当车主用遥控器开关车门时,藏在附近的偷车贼可以用接收器盗取信号并解码。 However, when the owner of the door with a remote control switch, can be hidden in the vicinity of the car thieves to steal the receiver and signal decoding. 目前无论哪种防盗技术,车主远离汽车后都失控,且车被盗后无踪可觅。 Regardless of the current anti-theft technology, the owner of the car are far from out of control, and the car is stolen without a trace can be identified.

[0008] 4、交通事故自动报警。 [0008] 4, traffic accident alarm. 目前国内尚无此方面的研究和相关产品。 At present, there is no aspect of this research and related products. 欧盟有一种求助系统是发生碰撞安全气囊打开而触发报警。 The EU there is a help system is open-impact airbags and triggers an alarm occurs. 如果安全气囊不爆出,如坠落、多数车侧碰等, 则无法实现。 If the airbag is not broke, such as a fall, the majority of car side impact, etc., can not be achieved.

[0009] 本发明设计思想来源于汽车主动安全仪器的实际需求,目前为国内外第一款功能集成性汽车主动安全监控仪器。 [0009] The present invention is derived from the actual design needs of the automotive active safety equipment, is currently the first functional integration of domestic and foreign automotive active safety monitoring equipment. 本发明集多种实用功能于一体,且功能并不是简单累加,而是关键技术相互补充,达到一加一大于二的效果。 The present invention is set in one practical features and functions not simply additive, but rather key technologies complement each other to achieve a plus one is greater than two. 所采用、集成和创新的技术提高了安全监控效果且价格低廉。 Used, integrated and innovative technology to improve the safety monitor performance and low prices.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0010] 本发明的目的是提供一种车用主动式智能安全监控仪器及其监控方法。 [0010] The object of the present invention is to provide a vehicular active intelligent security monitoring device and monitoring method. 该仪器利用GPS实现定位、位移防盗、测速、计时,利用GSM实现辅助定位、SMS自动报警,利用CCD结合模式识别监控疲劳驾驶、盗窃、抢劫和交通事故状态,利用加速度传感器检测交通事故强度。 The instrument uses GPS positioning to realize displacement security, speed, timing, auxiliary locating achieved using GSM, the SMS alarm, pattern recognition using a CCD driver fatigue monitoring, theft, robbery and accidents state, the acceleration sensor detects the intensity of the traffic accident. 本发明可达到GPS/GSM集成移动定位、高速公路超速报警、车辆定位防盗自动报警、车辆定位防抢报警、防疲劳驾驶警示、重大交通事故自动定位报警求助等功能。 The present invention can be achieved GPS / GSM mobile positioning integration, highway speed alarm, burglar alarm vehicle location, vehicle location alarm snatches, anti-fatigue driving warning, automatic positioning major accident report to the police and so on.

[0011] 本发明解决上述问题所采用的技术方案是: [0011] aspect of the present invention to solve the above problems is adopted:

[0012] 车用主动式智能安全监控仪器(简称安监仪),其特征在于:包括嵌入式系统(以嵌入式微处理器为核心,监控程序和相关算法固化在芯片中)、GPS模块、GSM模块、SIM卡读卡器、蜂鸣警报器、CCD摄像头、多轴加速度传感器、供电系统(包括锂离子电池、太阳能电池、电源适配器接口)、机壳(含锂电池和SIM卡盖)、功能板(位于机壳上,含电源指示灯、防盗遥控接收器、防抢遥控接收器、警报器中断按键)、集成电路板,无线电防盗遥控器、 卡扣式无线电防抢遥控器、电源适配器。 [0012] The active smart vehicle safety monitoring device (referred to as safety supervision apparatus), characterized in that: the system comprises an embedded (embedded microprocessor core, and monitor the curing in the chip correlation algorithm), GPS module, GSM module, a SIM card reader, an alarm buzzer, CCD camera, multi-axis acceleration sensor, a power supply system (including a lithium ion battery, solar cell, power adapter), the housing (including cover lithium battery and SIM card), the function plate (located on the casing containing the power indicator, alarm remote receiver snatches remote receiver, alarm interrupt button), integrated circuit boards, radio remote alarm, snatches snap radio remote control, power adapter.

[0013] 嵌入式系统以嵌入式微处理器为核心,监控程序和相关算法固化在芯片中,通过集成电路与GPS模块、GSM模块、蜂鸣警报器、CCD摄像头、多轴加速度传感器、供电系统、功能板、锂电池和SIM卡盖连接,接收GPS、GSM、(XD、多轴加速度传感器、功能板和锂电池和SIM卡盖的信息,并发送控制信号给GSM、蜂鸣警报器; [0013] Embedded systems embedded microprocessor core, and monitor the curing in the chip correlation algorithm, by the integrated circuit and the GPS module, GSM module, an alarm buzzer, CCD camera, multi-axis acceleration sensor, a power supply system, function board, lithium battery and SIM card connector cover, the GPS receiver, GSM, (information XD, multi-axis acceleration sensor, and the function board and the SIM card lithium battery lid, and transmits a control signal to a GSM, alarm buzzer;

[0014] GPS模块通过集成电路与嵌入式微处理器和供电系统连接,接收卫星定位数据并将格式数据(含经度、纬度、日期、时间、速度、方位角等)不断传送给嵌入式微处理器; [0014] GPS module is connected to the embedded microprocessor by the integrated circuit and the power supply system, receiving satellite positioning data and format data (including longitude, latitude, date, time, velocity, azimuth, etc.) are continually transmitted to the embedded microprocessor;

[0015] GSM模块通过集成电路与嵌入式微处理器、供电系统和SIM卡读卡器连接,接受嵌入式系统的指令以SMS方式通过SIM卡向特定接收人发送报警求助信息,或通过SIM卡接受外部定位指令,GSM利用基站三角定位法通过AT指令(需在移动服务提供商处开通)将所在区域的位置信息以SMS发送给外部接收人; [0015] GSM module is an integrated circuit with an embedded microprocessor, and SIM card reader power supply system, and receives an SMS command embedded systems send alarm information to a particular recipient assistance by the SIM card, SIM card or by receiving external positioning instruction, GSM base station triangulation by using aT commands (for an opening at the mobile service provider) area of ​​position information to an external recipient to the SMS;

[0016] SIM卡读卡器通过连接电路与GSM模块连接,容纳SIM卡片; [0016] SIM card reader is connected by a connecting circuit and the GSM module, for receiving a SIM card;

[0017] 蜂鸣警报器通过集成电路与嵌入式微处理器和供电系统连接,接收嵌入式系统的控制指令发出警报鸣叫; [0017] The alarm buzzer embedded microprocessor and an integrated circuit connected to the power supply system, the embedded system receives the control command alarm beep;

[0018] CXD摄像头通过连接电路与集成电路板之嵌入式微处理器、供电系统连接,将采集到的视频信号传送给嵌入式系统,嵌入式系统利用模式识别技术和算法进行信息处理和信号检测,判定环境状态,当达到设定阀值则向相应部件发出控制信号; [0018] CXD embedded camera connected via the connection circuit board and the integrated circuit of a microprocessor, a power supply system, the collected video signal to the embedded system, the embedded system using pattern recognition technology and information processing algorithms and signal detection, determining environmental conditions, it reaches a set threshold value when the control signal from the respective member;

[0019] 多轴加速度传感器通过集成电路与嵌入式微处理器和供电系统连接,将检测到的各轴向加速度或减速度变化转化成电压值送给嵌入式系统,嵌入式系统利用模式识别技术和算法进行信息处理和信号检测,判定环境状态,当达到设定阀值则向相应部件发出控制信号; [0019] The multi-axis acceleration sensor and an integrated circuit with embedded microprocessor power supply system connected to each of the transformed detected axial acceleration or deceleration is changed to a voltage value to the system, embedded system using pattern recognition technology and and signal information processing algorithm for detecting, determining the state of the environment, when it reaches a set threshold control signal from the respective member;

[0020] 供电系统通过输电电路与锂电池和SIM卡盖、功能板、集成电路板连接,通过集成电路板与嵌入式微处理器、GPS模块、GSM模块、蜂鸣警报器、CCD摄像头、多轴加速度传感器连接起来,提供所需电力。 [0020] The power supply system of the cap through the transmission circuit and the lithium battery and SIM card function board, circuit boards are connected through the circuit boards with an embedded microprocessor, GPS module, GSM module, an alarm buzzer, CCD camera, multi-axis an acceleration sensor connected to provide the desired power. 供电系统由锂离子电池和太阳能电池构成,可用电源适配器接口连接电源适配器通过车内点烟器接口给锂离子电池充电或直接使用车载蓄电池电力; The power supply system is constituted by a lithium ion battery and a solar cell, the available power adapter is connected through a car cigarette lighter power adapter interface to the lithium-ion battery or a direct-vehicle battery using electric power;

[0021] 机壳为安监仪外壳,所述功能板位于机壳上,通过连接电路和集成电路板上的嵌入式微处理器、供电系统连接。 [0021] Work Safety cabinet for the instrument housing, the functional plate is positioned on the housing, via an embedded microprocessor, an integrated circuit and a power supply system connected to the circuit board. 防盗遥控接收器接收防盗遥控器启动指令并传送给嵌入式系统,启动防盗程序,车辆进入布防状态;防盗遥控接收器接收防盗遥控器关闭指令并传送给嵌入式系统,关闭防盗程序,车辆进入撤防状态;防抢遥控接收器接收卡扣式防抢遥控器报警指令并传送给嵌入式系统,启动防抢程序,GSM模块在嵌入式系统控制下向特定接收人发出抢劫报警信息;按压警报器中断按键被则继电器断开,蜂鸣警报器停止鸣叫;电源灯直接和供电系统连接,有电红灯长亮,低电红灯闪烁,没电灯熄灭; Theft alarm remote receiver receives the instruction to start the remote control and transmitted to the embedded systems, anti-theft program to start the vehicle into the deployed state; burglar alarm remote receiver receives a closing command the remote control and transmitted to the embedded system, the program closes theft, the vehicle enters disarm state; snatches the remote receiver receives a snap snatches the remote controller and transmitted to the alarm instruction embedded systems, program start snatches, GSM module sends an alarm message to a particular robbery recipient under the control of the embedded system; alarm interrupt pressing the relay key is turned off, to stop crying alarm buzzer; lights and power supply system is connected directly to an electric long red light, red light flashes low, no lights off;

[0022] 锂电池和SIM卡盖位于机壳上,设置常开电路,通过连接电路和供电系统、集成电路板上的微处理器连接,当车处于布防状态时,锂电池和SIM卡盖被打开则常开电路中断, 嵌入式系统检测到该信号启动防盗报警程序;当车处于撤防状态时,锂电池和SIM卡盖常开电路处于中断状态; [0022] The lithium battery and the SIM card is located in the upper housing cover is provided a normally open circuit, and a power supply system by connecting the circuit, an integrated circuit board connected to the microprocessor, when the vehicle is in the armed state, the cap is a lithium battery and SIM card opens the normally open circuit interruption, embedded system detects the start signal burglar alarm program; when the vehicle is in the disarmed state, the lithium battery and SIM card cover normally open circuit in the interrupt state;

[0023] 集成电路板承载嵌入式微处理器、GPS模块、GSM模块、多轴加速度传感器、蜂鸣警报器和其它一些辅助电气元件,通过印刷电路与各部件边为一体; [0023] carrying circuit boards embedded microprocessor, GPS module, GSM module, a multi-axis acceleration sensor, a buzzer alarm and other auxiliary electrical component through the printed circuit integrally with the side member;

[0024] 无线电防盗遥控器,由芯片、触发电路、按钮、钮扣电池和发射器组成,布防和撤防时按相应按钮。 [0024] Radio alarm remote from the chip, a trigger circuit, a button, and a button cell composed of a transmitter, arming and disarming press the corresponding button. 无线电遥控可进行编码设计,保证一机一码; Radio remote control design can be encoded to ensure that a machine one yard;

[0025] 卡扣式无线电防抢遥控器,可卡在方向盘左手边,以利于驾驶员在紧急情况下隐蔽触发,由芯片、触发电路、按钮、钮扣电池和发射器组成,抢劫发生时按下按钮,可发射无线电信号进而启动安监仪的防抢程序。 [0025] The snap-snatches radio remote control, you may be stuck in the left hand side of the steering wheel, in order to facilitate the driver in an emergency situation triggers hidden by the chips, flip-flop circuit, a button, and a button cell composed of a transmitter, occur in robbery down button, and further may transmit a radio signal to start the program snatches instrument safety supervision. 无线电遥控可进行编码设计,保证一机一码; Radio remote control design can be encoded to ensure that a machine one yard;

[0026] 电源适配器由仪器接口、电路、变压器和车载点烟器接口组成,将点烟器12V输入电压转换需要的输出电压,在安监仪低电或无电时进行充电或直接给安监仪供电。 [0026] The power from the instrument interface adapter, circuits, transformers and interface composition car cigarette lighter, the cigarette lighter 12V output voltage of the input voltage conversion required for charging at low or no safety supervision apparatus or directly to an electrical safety supervision instrument power supply.

[0027] 所述的车用主动式智能安全监控仪器CXD采用红外摄像头,俯仰角度和左右角度可在一定范围内调整。 [0027] The vehicle of the infrared camera with active intelligent security monitoring equipment CXD, left and right angle and pitch angle can be adjusted within a certain range.

[0028] 所述的车用主动式智能安全监控仪器多轴加速度传感器是线加速度计。 [0028] The vehicular safety monitoring device active intelligent multi-axis acceleration sensor is a linear accelerometer.

[0029] 所述的车用主动式智能安全监控仪器无线电防盗遥控器可与车钥匙一体化设计, 锁车则启动防盗程序进入布防状态,开门则关闭防盗程序进入撤防状态。 [0029] The vehicle can be started with the active radio intelligent security alarm remote monitoring device with integrated design car keys, the program proceeds to vehicle anti-theft lock armed state, the door is closed the program proceeds to disarm the alarm state.

[0030] 所述的车用主动式智能安全监控仪器可以吸盘方式安装于汽车前挡风玻璃左上部或中间下部,亦可以粘贴方式安装于操作台顶部中间。 [0030] The vehicular active smart chuck safety monitoring device can be attached to the front lower portion of the intermediate or upper left car windshield, also may be attached to a top middle console mounted.

[0031] 本发明所述的监控方法特征在于,根据安监仪的不同功能,其监控方法不同,安监仪具有GPS/GSM集成移动定位、高速公路超速报警、定位防盗自动报警、定位防抢报警、防疲劳驾驶警示、重大交通事故自动定位报警求助等6种功能及监控方法,其中: [0031] The monitoring method of the present invention is characterized in that, depending on the function of the safety supervision apparatus, which monitors various methods, safety supervision instrument having a GPS / GSM mobile positioning integration, highway speed alarm, burglar alarm positioning, positioning snatches alarm, anti-fatigue driving warning, a major traffic accident six functions automatic positioning and monitoring methods for police assistance, of which:

[0032] GPS/GSM集成移动定位监控方法如下: [0032] GPS / GSM mobile positioning monitor integration as follows:

[0033] (1)车辆通过安监仪GPS模块将自身有关信息传送给监控中心的监控计算机; [0033] (1) of the vehicle by the GPS module safety supervision device transmits information about itself to a monitoring center computer monitor;

[0034] (2)监控中心的监控计算机将有关信息转换到GIS系统或存储的电子地图中; [0034] The monitoring computer (2) the monitoring center to convert the information to the electronic map in the GIS system, or stored;

[0035] (3) GIS或电子地图根据坐标数据显示车辆具体位置; [0035] (3) GIS map or a specific location of the vehicle based on the coordinate data of the display;

[0036] (4)若在城市等建筑物密集区,GPS无法定位时,监控中心通过短消息广播请求各监控对象位置; [0036] (4) If in the city and other built-up areas, GPS can not locate, the monitoring center to monitor each request object position through the short message broadcast;

[0037] (5)车辆通过安监仪GSM模块(三角定位法)将自身信息以SMS全部发送到短消息业务中心; [0037] (5) of the vehicle itself by sending an SMS message safety supervision device GSM module (triangulation) to all short message service center;

[0038] (6)监控中心通过中继线路(如DDN)从短消息业务中心获取数据并利用GIS或电子地图确定车辆具体位置 [0038] (6) to acquire data from the monitoring center short message service center via trunk line (e.g. DDN) using GIS map or determining the specific location of the vehicle

[0039] 高速公路超速报警监控方法如下: [0039] highway speed alarm monitoring method as follows:

[0040] (1)安监仪根据不同区域高速公路对不同种类车辆限速标准设定超速阀值(如辽宁省高速公路轿车限速120km/h,客车限速110km/h,货车限速100km/h); [0040] (1) Safety Supervision instrument set speed threshold (such as highway speed sedans, Liaoning Province, 120km / h, bus speed 110km / h speed limit for vehicles of different types according to different regions of the highway, truck speed limit 100km / h);

[0041 ] (2)车辆通过安监仪GPS模块采集相对位移速度并传送给嵌入式系统; [0041] (2) of the vehicle acquired by the relative displacement velocity safety supervision device and transmitted to the GPS module embedded systems;

[0042] (3)当车辆行驶速度超过设定阀值,嵌入式系统发送报警控制信号给蜂鸣警报器逻辑电路继电器; [0042] (3) when the vehicle speed exceeds the set threshold value, the embedded system to send alarm signals to the control logic circuit relay the alarm buzzer;

[0043] (4)继电器接通电路蜂鸣警报器鸣叫,车辆降到阀值速度以下,在嵌入式系统控制下30秒后断开电路,亦可人工按压警报器中断按键断开电路,停止鸣叫; [0043] (4) the relay circuit is turned on the alarm buzzer beeps, the threshold vehicle speed falls below the embedded system after 30 seconds OFF control circuit may interrupt the alarm button is pressed artificial cutoff circuit stops tweet;

[0044] (5)车辆降到阀值速度以下后,安监仪启动新一轮超速报警程序。 After the [0044] (5) threshold vehicle speed falls below safety supervision apparatus start a new round of speed alarm program.

[0045] 定位防盗自动报警监控方法如下: [0045] positioned burglar alarm monitoring is as follows:

[0046] (1)车辆停泊,司机锁车或按下防盗遥控器启动按钮; [0046] (1) the vehicle is parked, the driver locks the vehicle or remote alarm by pressing the start button;

[0047] (2)安监仪接收无线指令启动防盗程序,车辆布防; [0047] (2) safety supervision alarm device receives a wireless command to start the program, the vehicle arm;

[0048] (3)GPS/GSM标定初始坐标并向嵌入式系统传送数据; [0048] (3) GPS / GSM initial calibration and coordinate system for transmitting embedded data;

[0049] (4)(XD进入监控状态记录视野内初始画面并向嵌入式系统传送数据; [0049] (4) (XD enter the monitoring state of the recording field of view of the initial screen data transmitted to the embedded system;

[0050] (5)锂电池和SIM卡盖常开电路接通; [0050] (5) lithium battery and SIM card cover normally open circuit connected;

[0051] (6)嵌入式系统记录初始数据、检测常开电路状态并进入防盗程序; [0051] (6) embedded system records initial data, the detection circuit is normally open state and enter the security procedure;

[0052] (7)如果车辆被移动,GPS/GSM坐标发生变化; [0052] (7) if the vehicle is moving, GPS / GSM changed coordinates;

[0053] (8)嵌入式系统将新坐标与初始坐标进行比对,当发生变化则向GSM模块发出防盗报警指令; [0053] (8) embedded new coordinate system to compare with the initial coordinates, when a change instruction is issued to the GSM module burglar alarm;

[0054] (9)如果窃贼将安监仪撤除,CXD视野内画面发生变化 [0054] (9) If the thief safety supervision device removed, the screen is changed within the field of view CXD

[0055] (10)嵌入式系统将新画面与初始画面进行比对,当发生变化则向GSM模块发出防盗报警指令; [0055] (10) embedded new screen for comparison with the initial screen, when the change instruction is issued to the GSM module burglar alarm;

[0056] (11)如果窃贼将安监仪电池和SIM卡盖打开把电池或SIM卡拔出,则常开电路中断; [0056] (11) If the thief safety supervision system battery and the battery cover open SIM card or the SIM card is unplugged, the normally open circuit interruption;

[0057] (12)嵌入式系统检测到电池和SIM卡盖常开电路中断则向GSM模块发出防盗报警指令; [0057] (12) detects the embedded battery and SIM card cover normally open circuit interruption instruction is issued to the GSM module burglar alarm;

[0058] (13)GSM模块接受防盗报警指令以SMS向特定接收人发出报警信息(theft+坐标+速度+时间) [0058] (13) GSM module accepts an instruction to burglar alarm SMS alarm information (coordinate Theft + + + time speed) to a specific recipient

[0059] (14)特定接收人收到信息可迅速查明情况或报警; [0059] (14) receives the specific information is received by the case or can quickly identify the alarm;

[0060] (15)在车辆被非法移动情况中,安监仪将间隔一定时间向特定接收人发出报警信息,可追踪车辆位置,为破案和寻车提供直接线索。 [0060] (15) In case the vehicle is illegally moved, a certain time interval meter safety supervision alarm information to specific recipients, track the vehicle position, the vehicle for the direct detection and seek clues.

[0061] 定位防抢报警监控方法如下: [0061] positioned snatches alarm monitoring as follows:

[0062] (1)当抢劫发生,司机可隐蔽按下卡在方向盘左手边的防抢遥控器按钮; [0062] (1) When the robbery, the driver can press the card hidden in the left-hand steering wheel snatches remote control button;

[0063] (2)安监仪接收无线指令并传送给嵌入式系统; [0063] (2) safety supervision apparatus receives a wireless command and transferred to embedded systems;

[0064] (3)嵌入式系统启动防抢程序并向GPS/GSM请求定位数据; [0064] (3) an embedded system boot program and snatches GPS / GSM location data request;

[0065] (4)嵌入式系统定时向GSM模块发送防抢报警指令和最新数据;[0066] (5)GSM模块接受指令以SMS不断向特定接收人发出报警信息(rob+坐标+速度+ 时间) [0065] (4) an embedded system timing transmission snatches alarm instruction and data to the latest GSM module; [0066] (5) GSM SMS module constantly receiving an instruction to send alarm information (coordinate Rob + + + time speed) to a specific recipient

[0067] (6)特定接收人收到信息可迅速报警并跟踪和标定位置,为解救被劫持者、缉拿犯罪嫌疑人赢得时间和机会; [0067] (6) specific recipients receive information quickly and calibration alarm and location tracking, to gain time and opportunity to rescue abductees, apprehend suspects;

[0068] 防疲劳驾驶警示监控方法如下: [0068] Anti-fatigue driving alarm monitoring method as follows:

[0069] (1)防盗程序关闭,防疲劳驾驶程序启动; [0069] (1) anti-theft program is closed, the anti-fatigue driving program is started;

[0070] (2) C⑶摄像头采集司机头部状态进行视频处理并将处理后的数据传送给嵌入式系统(疲劳驾驶时,司机会出现瞌睡打盹、点头的规律动作,实验发现点头的动作和瞌睡有非常好的相关性); [0070] (2) C⑶ driver captured by the camera head and the state of the video processing when transmitting the processed data to the embedded system (fatigue driving, the driver will be sleepy nap, nodding action law, was found nodding action and drowsiness there are very good correlation);

[0071] (3)当司机长时间驾驶,出现疲劳打盹点头状态; [0071] (3) when the driver driving time, fatigue nod doze state occurs;

[0072] (4)嵌入式系统采用模式识别技术和算法提取特征并与疲劳驾驶特征库进行特征比对; [0072] (4) embedded systems that employ pattern recognition and feature extraction algorithm, and feature comparison fatigue driving feature database;

[0073] (5) GPS将坐标、速度信息不断并传送给嵌入式系统; [0073] (5) GPS coordinates, speed information and continuously transferred to the embedded system;

[0074] (6)如果连续一定时间坐标无变化或速度为零则嵌入式系统判定车辆处于停泊状态, [0074] (6) If the continuous speed change or certain time zero coordinate system is embedded in a parked state of the vehicle is determined,

[0075] (7)如果停泊状态被打破则嵌入式微处理器开始计时,记录连续驾驶时间 [0075] (7) If the parked state is broken then the embedded microprocessor starts timing, recording continuous driving time

[0076] (8)嵌入式系统检测驾驶持续时间; [0076] (8) embedded system detects driving time duration;

[0077] (9)当点头视频数据特征比对符合疲劳驾驶且持续驾驶时间检测值达到或超过设定阀值,嵌入式系统判定司机疲劳驾驶; [0077] (9) When the video data characteristics than the nod that meet driver fatigue and continuous driving time reaches or exceeds the set detection threshold value, the system determines the driver fatigue driving embedded;

[0078] (10)嵌入式系统控制接通继电器,蜂鸣警报器接通电路并持续鸣叫; [0078] (10) embedded control system turns on the relay, the alarm buzzer beeps continuously and the electrical circuit;

[0079] (11)司机可人工按压警报器中断按键关闭警报器,停车休息; [0079] (11) the driver can manually press the alarm button to turn off the alarm interrupt, stop to rest;

[0080] (12)当警报器被关闭后,嵌入式系统启动新一轮疲劳驾驶检测。 [0080] (12) when the alarm is turned off, the embedded system to start a new detection of driver fatigue.

[0081] 重大交通事故自动定位报警求助监控方法如下: [0081] major traffic police for help monitor the automatic positioning method is as follows:

[0082] (1)车辆行驶或停泊中; [0082] (1) the vehicle is running or at anchor;

[0083] (2)发生严重碰撞或坠落事故; [0083] (2) serious collision or fall accident;

[0084] (3)多轴加速度传感器检测各轴向加速度或减速度并将变化值转换成电压信号传送给嵌入式系统 [0084] (3) each multi-axis acceleration sensor detects the acceleration or deceleration and the axial variation value into a voltage signal to the embedded system

[0085] (4)嵌入式系统判断电压值是否达到或超过阀值 [0085] (4) an embedded system determines whether the voltage reaches or exceeds a threshold value

[0086] (5) CXD摄像头采集画面信息; [0086] (5) CXD picture information captured by the camera;

[0087] (6)当发生重大交通事故时,车辆产生巨大振动,CXD摄像头采集的画面发生剧烈抖动,该视频信息经过模数转换传送给嵌入式系统; [0087] (6) When a major traffic accident, the vehicle generates great vibration, CXD picture captured by the camera shake violently, the video information is transmitted to the analog to digital conversion via embedded systems;

[0088] (7)嵌入式系统采用模式识别技术和相应算法提取特征值并与特征库进行比对, 判断是否出现剧烈振动; [0088] (7) embedded systems that employ pattern recognition algorithms and corresponding feature value is extracted and compared with the characteristics of the database, it is determined whether there is severe vibration;

[0089] (8)当嵌入式系统判定某轴向加速度传感器输出电压达到或超过设定阀值而且监控画面出现剧烈振动则启动重大交通事故自动定位报警求助程序; [0089] (8) When the embedded system determines an axial acceleration sensor output voltage reaches or exceeds the set threshold value and the monitor screen vibration radical initiating automatic positioning major traffic police assistance program;

[0090] (9)嵌入式系统发送交通事故报警控制信号给蜂鸣警报器逻辑电路继电器; [0090] (9) embedded system sends control signals to a traffic accident alarm buzzer relay logic circuit;

[0091] (10)继电器接通电路蜂鸣警报器并持续鸣叫; [0091] (10) the relay circuit is turned on and the alarm buzzer beeps continuously;

[0092] (11)无论司机清醒与否,在15秒之内蜂鸣警报器没有关闭,嵌入式系统向GSM发出事故报警求助指令和坐标数据;[0093] (12)GSM模块接受指令以SMS向特定接收人发出报警信息(SOS+坐标+速度+时间),每隔3分钟发送一条信息,共发送3条信息; [0092] (11) whether or not the driver awake, within 15 seconds of the alarm buzzer is not turned off, the embedded system accident alarm issued instructions and help coordinate data to the GSM; [0093] (12) GSM SMS module accepts instructions to issued to a particular person receiving the alarm information (the coordinates of the SOS + + + time speed), sends a message every 3 minutes, a total of three transmission information;

[0094] (13)特定接收人收到信息可迅速报警并跟踪和标定位置,为救助事故伤者赢得时间和机会; [0094] (13) specific recipients receive information quickly and calibration alarm and location tracking, to gain time and opportunity for rescue accident victims;

[0095] (14)若15秒内蜂鸣警报器被关闭,则嵌入式系统不发出求助指令。 [0095] (14) If the alarm buzzer are turned off within 15 seconds, the embedded system does not issue instructions for help.

[0096] 本发明的有益效果在于: [0096] Advantageous effects of the present invention:

[0097] (1)本发明设计思想来源于汽车主动安全仪器的实际需求,目前为国内外第一款功能集成性汽车主动安全监控仪器。 [0097] (1) design concept of the present invention is derived from the actual needs of the automotive active safety equipment, it is currently at home and abroad the first functional integration of active safety monitoring equipment. 本发明集多种实用功能于一体,所采用和创新的技术提高了安全监控效果且价格低廉。 The present invention sets a variety of useful functions in one, and used innovative technology to improve the safety monitor performance and low prices. 产品功能并不是简单累加,而是关键技术相互补充,达到一加一大于二的效果。 Product functionality is not simple accumulation, but the key technologies complement each other to achieve one plus one is greater than two. 嵌入式系统是核心,用于所有功能;GPS即用于定位监控,还用于定位防盗、防抢定位,交通事故定位、防疲劳驾驶计时、超速警示测速;GSM即用于无线定位, 还用于防盗SMS报警、防抢SMS报警、交通事故SMS报警;CCD和模式识别即用于防疲劳驾驶警示,还用于防盗监控,CXD还可用来对抢劫监视,交通事故中的驾驶员状态监视。 Embedded system is the core for all functions; GPS positioning that is used to monitor, but also for locating security, snatches positioning, positioning traffic accidents, anti-fatigue driving time, speed warning speed; GSM wireless location that is used, but also with SMS anti-theft alarm, alarm snatches SMS, SMS traffic accident alarm; i.e., the CCD, and pattern recognition for anti-fatigue driving warning, for further security monitoring, CXD also be used to monitor the robbery, the driver condition monitoring traffic accidents.

[0098] (2) GPS/GSM集成移动定位技术使定位更全面准确。 [0098] (2) GPS / GSM mobile positioning technology allows integration of more comprehensive and accurate positioning. GPS在城市建筑密集区将无法定位,GSM定位利用成熟的GSM通信网络,采用基站三角定位方法,精度可达到300米,越发达的城市基站越多,定位精度越高。 GPS will not locate in urban built-up areas, using the GSM positioning mature GSM communications network, using the base station triangulation method, accuracy can be up to 300 meters, the more the more developed cities base stations, the higher positioning accuracy. 而且GSM还具有短信收发功能,通信成本低。 But also with GSM messaging functions, communication cost is low. 实验结果表明,这种GPS/GSM集成移动定位技术可达到准确、实时、全天候、无盲点定位。 Experimental results show that the GPS / GSM integrated mobile positioning technology can achieve accurate, real-time, all-weather, no blind spot positioning.

[0099] (3)主动防盗技术缩短了车辆被盗时的报警响应时间,增加了监控点,可使车主在最短的时间内得到信息并可以随时跟踪被盗车辆,为侦破提供最直接的线索,提高侦破效率。 [0099] (3) active anti-theft alarm technology to shorten response times when the vehicle is stolen, the control points increased, the owner can obtain the information in the shortest time tracking the stolen vehicle and can always provide the most direct detection of clues improve the detection efficiency.

[0100] (4)主动防抢技术为被抢劫司机提供了隐蔽的报警手段,赢得了被救援的时间和机会,同时能够使警方随时跟踪被劫持车辆,为实施救援和抓获犯罪嫌疑人提供支持。 [0100] (4) active snatches technology offers the driver was robbed of a hidden alarm means, won the time and opportunity to be of assistance, while enabling the police to keep track of hijacked vehicles, rescue and arrested the suspect to provide support for the implementation of .

[0101] (5)疲劳驾驶头部视频检测技术提高了疲劳驾驶判别率。 [0101] (5) a head driver fatigue video detection rate increased driver fatigue determination. 目前国内外在疲劳驾驶视频检测技术中广泛使用的是对驾驶员眼部的检测,如眨眼次数、瞳孔扫描,或是对车道标线扫描。 At home and abroad in the video driver fatigue detection technique is widely used in the detection of the driver's eye, such as blink, pupil scans, or scanning of lane markers. 眼部检测很不准确,眼睛扫描面积小,对于眼睛很小的人或戴墨镜的驾驶员几乎不起作用;车道标线扫描受环境限制很大,在雨、雪、雾天气或车道标线很不清晰、无标线道路基本不起作用。 Eye detection is very accurate, small eyes scanning the area for small eyes or people wearing sunglasses driver almost does not work; scan lane markings affected by environmental constraints lot, in the rain, snow, fog or lane markings very clear, no road markings basically does not work. 本发明采用驾驶员头部状态扫描、图像模式识别的方法和相应算法、特征库,能够大大提高对疲劳驾驶的判断,疲劳驾驶时,司机会出现瞌睡打盹、点头的规律动作。 The present invention uses state of the scan head, and a method for image pattern recognition algorithm corresponding driver feature library, can greatly improve the determination of fatigue driving, fatigue driving, the driver will be sleepy nap, nodding motion law. 实验发现点头的动作和瞌睡有非常好的相关性。 It was found that nodding movements sleepy and there is a very good correlation. 头部扫描面积大、点头信息容易采集,算法容易设计,特征库容易建立,而且不受气候、环境和司机个体差异的影响。 Head scanning area, nodded information is easily collected, the algorithm is easy to design, easy to set up feature library, and is not affected by climate, environment and individual differences driver.

[0102] (6)重大交通事故自动报警技术使求助时间大大缩短。 [0102] (6) major traffic accident automatic alarm technology to help significantly reduce the time. 目前国内尚无此方面的研究。 Research in this area are still no. 欧盟的求助系统是发生碰撞安全气囊打开而触发报警。 EU's help system is open and the airbag collision alarm is triggered. 如果安全气囊不爆出,如坠落、 多数车侧碰等,则无法实现。 If the airbag is not broke, such as a fall, the majority of car side impact, etc., can not be achieved. 本项目开发的自动报警技术利用三轴加速度传感器,在正、侧碰或坠落情况下,减速度达到设计值,安监仪辅助CCD视频抖动参量来判定发生重大车祸, 准确性和实用性更高。 This automatic alarm technology development project using a triaxial acceleration sensor, at the positive side of a fall or collision, the deceleration reaches the design value, the auxiliary safety supervision CCD video jitter meter parameters determined major accident, higher accuracy and usefulness . 据预测,利用这种自动报警技术可以使救助时间平均缩短50%。 It is predicted that using this technology allows the alarm rescue an average reduction of 50%.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0103] 图1是车用主动式智能安全监控仪器结构框图 [0103] FIG. 1 is a block diagram active intelligent vehicle safety monitoring device

[0104] 图2是GPS/GSM集成移动定位技术原理图[0105] 图3是定位防盗自动报警技术原理图 [0104] FIG. 2 is a GPS / GSM mobile positioning technology integrated Schematic [0105] FIG. 3 is positioned burglar alarm technology Schematic

[0106] 图4是高速公路超速警示技术原理图 [0106] Figure 4 is a schematic diagram of highway speeding warning technology

[0107] 图5是定位防抢报警技术原理图 [0107] FIG. 5 is a schematic diagram of positioning technology alarm snatches

[0108] 图6是防疲劳驾驶警示技术原理图 [0108] FIG. 6 is anti-fatigue driving warning technology Schematic

[0109] 图7是CXD视频监控+模式识别+连续驾驶时间检测数据流程图 [0109] FIG. 7 is a pattern recognition CXD video surveillance + + continuous driving time detection data flow

[0110] 图8是重大交通事故自动定位报警求助技术原理图 [0110] FIG. 8 is a major traffic accident automatic positioning technology for police assistance schematics

具体实施方式 Detailed ways

[0111] 如图1所示,为本发明设计的仪器结构图。 [0111] As shown, the structure of the instrument of FIG. 1 of the present invention is designed. 由机壳、集成电路板、供电系统、CCD摄像头、无线电防盗遥控器、卡扣式防抢了遥控器、电源适配器等几部分组成。 A housing, circuit boards, power supply system, CCD camera, radio remote alarm, remote controller snap snatches, several parts power adapter. 机壳是仪器的外壳,设有功能板,用于显示电源状态、接收无线电信号、中断警报;还有锂电池和SIM卡盖,设有常开电路,用于防止窃贼卸下锂电池和SIM卡。 The housing is the housing of the instrument, the plate is provided with function for displaying a power status, the radio signal reception, alarm interrupt; lithium battery and a SIM card as well as a cover, a normally open circuit, for preventing thieves remove lithium and SIM card. 集成电路板是仪器的核心,承载嵌入式微处理器、GPS模块、GSM模块、多轴加速度传感器、蜂鸣警报器和其它一些辅助电气元件,嵌入式微处理器是处理中心,通过印刷电路与各部件连为一体,接收并处理信息,发出指令。 The integrated circuit board is the core of the instrument, carrying embedded microprocessor, GPS module, GSM module, a multi-axis acceleration sensor, a buzzer alarm and other auxiliary electrical components, embedded microprocessor is processing center, through the printed circuit and the components as a single entity, receiving and processing information, issues an instruction. 供电系统由可充电锂离子电池、太阳能电池和车载直流电(通过电源适配器连接点烟器接口)组成并提供不间断供电。 The system may be powered by a rechargeable lithium ion battery, a solar cell and a vehicle DC (via connector cigarette lighter power adapter) composition and provide uninterrupted power supply. CCD摄像头用来进行视频监控和采集并将信息提供给嵌入式系统。 CCD camera used for video surveillance and collection of information to and embedded systems. 无线电防盗遥控器由钮扣式电池供电,用来发出编码的无线电指令进行车辆布防和撤防,可与汽车遥控钥匙一体化设计,锁门布防,开门撤防。 The radio remote control by the alarm button type battery, used to issue instructions encoded radio arming and disarming the vehicle, with integrated design car key fob, to lock arm, disarm the door. 卡扣式防抢了遥控器由钮扣式电池供电,用来发出编码的无线电指令触发防抢报警程序。 Snatches snap button of the remote controller by a battery-powered, radio command encoding used to issue an alarm procedure is triggered snatches. 电源适配器可为供电系统锂离子电池充电或直接连接利用车载12V直流电供电。 Rechargeable power adapter or direct connection-vehicle 12V DC power supply system for the lithium-ion battery.

[0112] 如图2所示,为本发明GPS/GSM集成移动定位技术原理图。 [0112] As shown in FIG 2, the present invention GPS / GSM mobile positioning technology integrated schematic. 定位系统由监控中心(这个监控中心也可以是特定接收人)和车载定位终端(安监仪)两部分构成,安监仪中GSM模块不但与监控中心通过短消息进行通信之外还要通过STK从移动运营商获得位置服务的信息。 The positioning system is constituted by the monitoring center (the control center may be specific recipient) and vehicle positioning terminal (Work Safety device) in two parts, not only the safety supervision instrument GSM module with the monitoring center by the short message to communication but also through STK obtain location information services from mobile operators. 安监仪以短消息的形式将GPS位置信息或从GSM网络获得的定位信息发送至监控中心。 Work Safety device in the form of a short message will be sent the GPS location information or location information obtained from the GSM network to the monitoring center. 监控中心集成GIS地图,依靠接收的短消息中的定位信息来完成移动单元与电子地图的匹配及一些导航、控制、报警、求助指令等。 GIS map integrated monitoring center, the short message to rely on positioning information received to complete the mobile unit and the map matching and a number of navigation, control, alarm, help instructions and the like.

[0113] 如图3所示,为本发明是定位防盗自动报警技术原理图。 [0113] FIG. 3, the present invention is positioned burglar alarm technology diagram. 当安监仪功能板防盗遥控接收器接收到遥控器的启动指令,将此信息传送给嵌入式微处理器,嵌入式系统启动防盗程序。 When the safety supervision alarm panel scanner function remote control receiver receives the start instruction of the remote control, this information is transmitted to the embedded microprocessor, an embedded system immobilizer program. 处理器记录此时从GPS模块或GSM模块获得的坐标数据为初始坐标并写入历史数据库。 Processor records the coordinate data obtained at this time from the GPS module or GSM module as the initial coordinates and written history database. 从GPS模块和GSM模块获得的坐标信息不断写入处理器内存,经相应的算法处理与初始坐标进行比对,并将处理结果存入实时数据库。 Coordinate information obtained from the GPS module and the GSM module processors continually written to memory, to compare the respective arithmetic processing by the initial coordinates, and the results stored in real-time database. 布防时CCD摄像头采集视野内画面信息并传送给嵌入式微处理器,处理器记录此时画面为初始画面并写入历史数据库。 CCD camera field of view acquired when armed and transmits the screen information to the embedded microprocessor, processor records the picture at this time is the initial screen and written history database. 从CXD 获得的画面信息不断写入处理器内存,经相应的算法处理与初始画面进行比对,并将处理结果存入实时数据库。 CXD screen information obtained from the continuous processor write memory, to compare the respective arithmetic processing by the initial screen, and the results stored in real-time database. 布防时锂电池和SIM卡盖常开电路接通,处理器记录此时状态为初始状态并写入历史数据库,同时不断检测常开电路状态并写入实时数据库。 When the lithium battery and SIM card cover arming normally open circuit is turned on, the processor state is the initial state at this time recorded and written history database, while constantly detecting circuit normally open state and to write real-time database. 供电系统处理工作状态,白天可由太阳能电池供电,夜间可由锂电池或连接电源适配器由车载蓄电池供电。 Processing the power supply system state, daytime powered by solar cells, lithium batteries at night or may be connected to the vehicle battery power adapter. 当坐标、监控画面和常开电路状态中任何一个数据发生变化则系统判定车辆被盗,从而向GSM模块发出报警指令。 When the coordinate, monitor screen data generating any of a normally open circuit state and change the system determines that the vehicle is stolen, so that an alarm command to the GSM module. GSM模块通过SIM卡以SMS向最近的基站发出报警信息(theft+ 坐标+速度+时间),并由基站转发将信息发送给特定接收人。 GSM module sent by SMS to the SIM card to the nearest base station alarm information (coordinate Theft + + + time speed) by the base station forwards the information to the particular recipient. 特定接收人亦可使用AT命令经过中转基站和移动服务商随时了解车辆的位置信息。 Specific recipients can also use AT commands transit through the base station and mobile service providers to keep abreast of the location information of the vehicle. 当安监仪功能板防盗遥控接收器接收到遥控器的关闭指令,将此信息传送给嵌入式微处理器,嵌入式系统关闭防盗程序。 When the scanner function plate safety supervision alarm remote receiver receives a closing instruction of the remote control, this information is transmitted to the embedded microprocessor, an embedded security system shutdown procedure.

[0114] 如图4所示,为本发明高速公路超速警示技术原理图。 [0114] As shown in FIG 4, the present invention highway speed warning technical principles FIG. 防盗报警程序关闭,高速公路超速警示程序启动,存在历史数据库中的预设限速值被读入内存。 Burglar alarm program closes, highway speeding warning program starts, there is a preset speed limit value history database is read into memory. 供电系统处理工作状态,白天可由太阳能电池供电,夜间可由锂电池或连接电源适配器由车载蓄电池供电。 Processing the power supply system state, daytime powered by solar cells, lithium batteries at night or may be connected to the vehicle battery power adapter. 嵌入式微处理器记录从GPS模块获得的相对位移速度数据为初始速度并写入实时数据库。 Embedded microprocessor records a relative displacement velocity data obtained from the GPS module writes the initial velocity and real-time database. 从GPS模块获得的速度信息不断写入处理器内存,经相应的算法处理与预设限速值进行比对, 并将处理结果存入实时数据库。 Speed ​​information obtained from the GPS module continues to write processor memory, for comparison by the corresponding algorithm dealing with the preset speed limit value, and the results stored in the database in real time. 当最新速度数据超过预设限速值则系统判定车辆超速,处理器控制继电器接通蜂鸣警报器电路,警报器鸣叫。 When the latest velocity data exceeds a preset speed limit, the system determines that the vehicle speed value, the processor controls the buzzer alarm relay circuit ON, the alarm sounds. 警报状态下当最新速度数据低于预设限速值则系统判定车辆已不超速,处理器控制继电器断开蜂鸣警报器电路,警报器停止鸣叫。 The alarm condition when the latest data rate lower than a preset value, the system determines that the vehicle speed is the speed limit, the processor controls the relay is switched off buzzer alarm circuit stops the alarm beeps. 警报器可人工断开,人工断开后警报器不再呼叫,当最新速度数据低于预设限速值则系统判定车辆已不超速,系统启动新一轮超速报警程序。 Sirens can be manually turned off, the alarm will not disconnect the call manually, when the latest data rate is lower than the preset speed limit value, the system determined that the vehicle was not speeding, speeding alarm system start a new round of the program.

[0115] 如图5所示,为本发明定位防抢报警技术原理图。 As shown in [0115] FIG. 5, FIG positioning snatches alarm technical principles of the present disclosure. 当安监仪功能板防抢遥控接收器接收到遥控器的报警指令,将此信息传送给嵌入式微处理器,嵌入式系统判定车辆遭到抢劫从而启动防抢程序。 When the scanner function plate snatches safety supervision remote control receiver receives the alarm instruction to the remote control, this information is transmitted to the embedded microprocessor, an embedded system determines that the vehicle thereby starting the looting snatches program. 供电系统处理工作状态,白天可由太阳能电池供电,夜间可由锂电池或连接电源适配器由车载蓄电池供电。 Processing the power supply system state, daytime powered by solar cells, lithium batteries at night or may be connected to the vehicle battery power adapter. 从GPS模块和GSM模块获得的坐标、速度、时间信息不断写入处理器内存,存入实时数据库。 Coordinates obtained from the GPS module and a GSM module, speed, memory, processor time information continues to be written, stored in the real-time database. 嵌入式微处理器向GSM模块发出报警指令。 Embedded microprocessor alarm instruction to the GSM module. GSM 模块通过SIM卡以SMS向最近的基站发出报警信息(rob+坐标+速度+时间),并由基站转发将信息发送给特定接收人。 GSM module sent by SMS to the SIM card to the nearest base station alarm information (coordinate Rob + + + time speed) by the base station forwards the information to the particular recipient. 特定接收人亦可使用AT命令经过中转基站和移动服务商随时了解车辆的位置信息。 Specific recipients can also use AT commands transit through the base station and mobile service providers to keep abreast of the location information of the vehicle.

[0116] 如图6所示,为本发明防疲劳驾驶警示技术原理图。 [0116] As shown in FIG 6, the present invention is the anti-fatigue driving warning technical principles FIG. 防盗报警程序关闭,防疲劳驾驶警示程序启动。 Burglar alarm closes, preventing fatigue driving alarm starts. 供电系统处理工作状态,白天可由太阳能电池供电,夜间可由锂电池或连接电源适配器由车载蓄电池供电。 Processing the power supply system state, daytime powered by solar cells, lithium batteries at night or may be connected to the vehicle battery power adapter. CCD摄像头采集驾驶员头部动作,将此信息传送给嵌入式微处理器。 CCD camera capture driver head movement, this information is transmitted to the embedded microprocessor. 嵌入式微处理器对视频数据利用相应算法进行特征提取、分类并登记特征在库。 Video data embedded microprocessor with the corresponding feature extraction algorithm, characterized in that the registration and classification library. 从CCD获得的视频数据不断写入处理器内存,经相应的算法处理与历史数据库中的特征库疲劳驾驶特征进行比对,并将处理结果存入实时数据库。 Video data obtained from the CCD continues to write processor memory, to compare the library driver fatigue characteristics characterized by the corresponding algorithm processing history database, and the results stored in real-time database. 从GPS模块的坐标、速度信息不断写入处理器内存,存入实时数据库。 From the coordinates of the GPS module, processor speed information continuously written to memory, stored in the real-time database. 如果连续一定时间坐标无变化或速度为零则嵌入式系统判定车辆处于停泊状态,当停泊状态被打破则嵌入式微处理器开始计时,记录连续驾驶时间,并将计时信息不断写入实时数据库。 If a continuous period of time did not change the coordinates of the velocity is zero or embedded system determines the vehicle is parked state, when a parked state is broken then the embedded microprocessor starts timing, recording continuous driving time, and the timing information is continuously written to the real-time database. 当司机头部监控视频特征比对符合疲劳驾驶且被记录的连续驾驶时间达到或超过设定阀值,则系统判定司机疲劳驾驶,处理器控制继电器接通蜂鸣警报器电路,警报器鸣叫。 When the driver head than continuous monitoring video characteristics comply fatigue driving and driving time recorded reaches or exceeds the threshold, the system determines the driver fatigue driving, the processor controls the buzzer alarm relay circuit ON, the alarm sounds. 司机可人工按下警报器中断按钮停止鸣叫并停车休息。 The driver can manually press the button to stop the beeps and sirens interrupted rest stop. 若停止鸣叫后司机不停车休息,只要头部监控视频特征比对符合疲劳驾驶则系统判定司机疲劳驾驶,处理器再次控制继电器接通蜂鸣警报器电路,警报器鸣叫。 If the driver does not stop the rest stop chirping, as long as the head of the video monitor feature values ​​match, the system determines the driver fatigue driving fatigue driving, the processor is turned on again, the control relay buzzer alarm circuit, the alarm sounds. 司机停车休息后系统进入新一轮防疲劳驾驶程序。 After the break the driver to stop the system enters a new round of anti-fatigue driving program.

[0117] 如图7所示,为本发明C⑶视频监控+模式识别+连续驾驶时间检测数据流程图。 [0117] As shown in FIG. 7, the pattern recognition + + continuous driving time detecting C⑶ video surveillance data flow of the present invention. 根据车内照明情况,CCD摄像头进行光圈调节和控制,被采集到的驾驶员头部运动状态模拟数据经降噪、滤波、放大等视频处理后进行模数转换成数字格式,通过与嵌入式系统的输入输出接口传送给嵌入式微处理器,处理器调用防疲劳驾驶程序,对捕获的头部运动数字图像进行点头动作的分离与检测,即模式识别。 The interior lighting conditions, CCD camera for aperture adjustment and control, the driver's head being collected motion data after the analog noise reduction, filtering, amplification, analog to digital conversion process video into a digital format by the embedded system transmitting input and output interfaces to the embedded microprocessor, processor invokes anti-fatigue driving program, the head moving digital images captured by the detection of nodding separating operation, i.e., pattern recognition. 程序调用模式识别算法对获得的点头动作数据进行特征值计算并提取特征值,提取的特征登记到疲劳驾驶特征库并进行分类。 Program calls the pattern recognition algorithm to the data obtained nodding motion feature value calculation and the feature value is extracted, the extracted features to the registration feature library driver fatigue and classified. 每次提取的分类特征与特征库中的设定值进行比对,比对结果存入实时数据库等待决策。 Setting value extracted from each classification, characteristics and features of the library for comparison, than to wait for the results stored in the database in real-time decision making. GPS不断从卫星获得坐标、速度数据并输入嵌入式系统,处理器根据相应的算法记录连续驾驶时间并写入实时数据库等待决策。 Continued use of GPS satellite coordinates obtained from the velocity data and enter the embedded system processor waits for decisions based on the corresponding algorithm written record of continuous driving time and real-time database.

[0118] 如图8所示,为本发明重大交通事故自动定位报警求助技术原理图。 [0118] As shown in FIG 8, the present invention automatically locate major traffic police assistance technical principles FIG. 安监仪上电, 重大交通事故自动定位报警求助程序启动。 Safety Supervision instrument is powered on, a major traffic accident automatic positioning for police assistance program starts. 供电系统处理工作状态,白天可由太阳能电池供电,夜间可由锂电池或连接电源适配器由车载蓄电池供电。 Processing the power supply system state, daytime powered by solar cells, lithium batteries at night or may be connected to the vehicle battery power adapter. 多轴加速度传感器检测各轴向加速度或减速度变化,经模数转换不断输送给嵌入式微处理器,嵌入式系统将得到的数据与历史数据库中的加速度变化设定阀值进行比对,并将结果存入实时数据库。 Multi-axis acceleration sensor detects the acceleration or deceleration of each axis changes continuously conveyed by the analog-digital conversion to the embedded microprocessor, an embedded system, the resulting change in acceleration data with historical database and set the threshold for comparison, and Real-time results are stored in the database. CCD摄像头采集视频信息经模数转换不断输送给嵌入式微处理器,嵌入式系统将得到的视频数据进行视频抖动异常检测,并将结果存入实时数据库。 CCD camera to capture video information by the analog-digital conversion continuously supplied to the embedded microprocessor, an embedded system, the video data obtained video motion abnormality detection, and the results stored in real-time database. 当某一个轴向的加速度或减速度变化达到或超过设定阀值且同时系统检测到视频抖动出现异常,则判定车辆出现重大交通事故,从而向GSM模块发出报警求助指令。 When a change in the acceleration or deceleration reaches or exceeds a set axial threshold while the system detects that the video jitter abnormal, it is determined that the vehicle major accident occurs, so that an alarm command to the GSM module for help. GSM模块通过SIM卡以SMS向最近的基站发出报警求助信息(S0S+坐标+速度+时间),每隔3分钟发一次,共发3次,并由基站转发将信息发送给特定接收人,从而报警或救援。 GSM module sent by SMS to the SIM card to the nearest base station alarm help information (coordinate S0S + + + time speed), made every 3 minutes, a total of three times sent by the base station transmits information to a particular forwarding recipients, resulting in an alarm or rescue. 特定接收人亦可使用AT命令经过中转基站和移动服务商随时了解车辆的位置信息。 Specific recipients can also use AT commands transit through the base station and mobile service providers to keep abreast of the location information of the vehicle.

Claims (6)

1.车用主动式智能安全监控仪器,其特征在于:包括嵌入式系统、GPS模块、GSM模块、 SIM卡读卡器、蜂鸣警报器、CXD摄像头、多轴加速度传感器、供电系统、机壳、锂电池、SIM卡盖、功能板、集成电路板,无线电防盗遥控器、卡扣式无线电防抢遥控器、电源适配器;所述嵌入式系统以嵌入式微处理器为核心,监控程序和相关算法固化在芯片中,通过集成电路与GPS模块、GSM模块、蜂鸣警报器、CCD摄像头、多轴加速度传感器、供电系统、功能板、锂电池和SIM卡盖连接,接收GPS模块、GSM模块、CXD摄像头、多轴加速度传感器、功能板和锂电池和SIM卡盖的信息,并发送控制信号给GSM模块、蜂鸣警报器;所述GPS模块通过集成电路与嵌入式微处理器和供电系统连接,接收卫星定位数据并将含经度、纬度、日期、时间、速度、方位角的格式数据不断传送给嵌入式微处 1. Intelligent Vehicle active safety monitoring equipment, characterized by: comprising an embedded system, GPS module, GSM module, SIM cards reader, an alarm buzzer, CXD camera, multi-axis acceleration sensor, a power supply system, the housing , lithium battery, SIM card cover boards, and integrated circuit boards, radio remote alarm, snatches snap radio remote control, power adapter; embedded system, the embedded microprocessor core, monitor and correlation algorithm solidified in the chip, by an integrated circuit with a GPS module, GSM module, an alarm buzzer, CCD camera, multi-axis acceleration sensor, a power supply system boards, and a lithium battery cover and the SIM card connector, receiving GPS module, GSM module, CXD camera, multi-axis acceleration sensor information, and the function board and the SIM card cover lithium, and send control signals to the GSM module, an alarm buzzer; GPS module via the embedded microprocessor integrated circuit and power supply system, receiving satellite positioning data and format data including latitude, longitude, date, time, velocity, azimuth continuously transferred to the embedded microprocessor 器;所述GSM模块通过集成电路与嵌入式微处理器、供电系统和SIM卡读卡器连接,接受嵌入式系统的指令以SMS方式通过SIM卡向特定接收人发送报警求助信息,或通过SIM卡接受外部定位指令,GSM模块利用基站三角定位法通过AT指令将所在区域的位置信息以SMS 发送给外部接收人;所述SIM卡读卡器通过连接电路与GSM模块连接,容纳SIM卡片; 所述蜂鸣警报器通过集成电路与嵌入式微处理器和供电系统连接,接收嵌入式系统的控制指令发出警报鸣叫; 所述CCD摄像头通过连接电路与集成电路板之嵌入式微处理器、供电系统连接,将采集到的视频信号传送给嵌入式系统,嵌入式系统利用模式识别技术和算法进行信息处理和信号检测,判定环境状态,当达到设定阀值则向相应部件发出控制信号;所述多轴加速度传感器通过集成电路与嵌入式微处理器和供电系统连接 ; Said GSM module and an integrated circuit embedded microprocessor, and SIM card reader power supply system, and receives an SMS command embedded systems send alarm information to a particular recipient assistance by the SIM card, SIM card, or by receive external positioning instruction, the base station GSM module using triangulation to SMS sent to the external recipient by the position information of the region where the aT commands; the SIM card reader connected to the GSM module through the connecting circuit, for receiving a SIM card; the alarm buzzer emitted by the integrated circuit is connected to the embedded microprocessor and power supply systems, embedded systems to receive control commands alarm beeps; a CCD camera is connected through an embedded integrated circuit board connected to the circuit of a microprocessor, a power supply system, signal is transmitted to video capture to the embedded system, the embedded system using pattern recognition technology and information processing algorithms and signal detection, determining the state of the environment, when it reaches a set threshold control signal from the respective member; multi-axis acceleration sensor is connected to the embedded microprocessor by the integrated circuit and power supply systems ,将检测到的各轴向加速度或减速度变化转化成电压值送给嵌入式系统,嵌入式系统利用模式识别技术和算法进行信息处理和信号检测,判定环境状态,当达到设定阀值则向相应部件发出控制信号;所述供电系统通过输电电路与锂电池和SIM卡盖、功能板、集成电路板连接,通过集成电路板与嵌入式微处理器、GPS模块、GSM模块、蜂鸣警报器、CCD摄像头、多轴加速度传感器连接起来,提供所需电力;供电系统由锂离子电池和太阳能电池构成,用电源适配器接口连接电源适配器通过车内点烟器接口给锂离子电池充电或直接使用车载蓄电池电力; 所述机壳为车用主动式智能安全监控仪器外壳;所述功能板位于机壳上,通过连接电路和集成电路板上的嵌入式微处理器与供电系统连接;无线电防盗遥控接收器位于功能板上,接收无线电防盗遥控器启动指令并传 , Each of the detected acceleration or deceleration of the axial variation into a voltage value to the system, embedded system using pattern recognition technology and information processing algorithms and signal detection, determining the state of the environment, when it reaches a set threshold value sends control signals to respective components; lithium battery and the power supply system and the SIM card cover by transmission circuit, functional board, circuit boards are connected through the circuit boards with an embedded microprocessor, GPS module, GSM module, an alarm buzzer , CCD camera, multi-axis acceleration sensor is connected to provide the desired power; a power supply system including a lithium ion battery and a solar cell, a power adapter is connected through a car cigarette lighter power adapter interface to the lithium-ion battery or car directly battery power; the housing is a smart active vehicle safety monitoring device enclosure; functional plate positioned on the casing, via an embedded microprocessor and an integrated circuit and a power supply system connected to the circuit board; alarm remote radio receivers function board is located, receives the radio alarm remote start command and pass 送给嵌入式系统,启动防盗程序,车辆进入布防状态;无线电防盗遥控接收器接收无线电防盗遥控器关闭指令并传送给嵌入式系统,关闭防盗程序,车辆进入撤防状态;无线电防抢遥控接收器位于功能板上,接收卡扣式无线电防抢遥控器报警指令并传送给嵌入式系统,启动防抢程序,GSM模块在嵌入式系统控制下向特定接收人发出抢劫报警信息;按压位于功能板上的警报器中断按键则继电器断开,蜂鸣警报器停止鸣叫;电源灯位于功能板上并直接和供电系统连接,有电红灯长亮,低电红灯闪烁,没电灯熄灭;所述锂电池和SIM卡盖位于机壳上,设置常开电路,通过连接电路和供电系统、集成电路板上的嵌入式微处理器连接,当车处于布防状态时,锂电池和SIM卡盖被打开则常开电路中断,嵌入式系统检测到该信号启动防盗报警程序;当车处于撤防状态时 To the embedded systems, anti-theft program to start the vehicle into the deployed state; a radio receiver for receiving a radio alarm remote alarm and remote closing command is transmitted to the embedded system, the program closes theft, the vehicle enters a disarmed state; snatches the radio receiver is located remote board function, a radio receiving snap snatches remote alarm instruction and transferred to the embedded system, the program starts snatches, GSM module sends an alarm message to a particular robbery recipient under the control of the embedded system; function pressing plate located interrupt relay alarm buttons are turned off, to stop crying alarm buzzer; lamp power supply and located on the system board and function is directly connected with an electrical length of the red light, the red light flashes low, no lights off; the lithium battery SIM card and positioned on the casing cover is provided a normally open circuit, and by connecting the power supply circuit system, an integrated circuit board connected to the embedded microprocessor, when the vehicle is in the armed state, the lithium battery cover is opened, and the SIM card is normally open circuit interruption, embedded system detects the start signal burglar alarm program; when the vehicle is disarmed 锂电池和SIM卡盖常开电路处于中断状态;所述集成电路板承载嵌入式微处理器、GPS模块、GSM模块、多轴加速度传感器、蜂鸣警报器和其它一些辅助电气元件,通过印刷电路与各部件连为一体;所述无线电防盗遥控器,由芯片、触发电路、按钮、钮扣电池和发射器组成,布防和撤防时按相应按钮,无线电遥控可进行编码设计,保证一机一码;所述卡扣式无线电防抢遥控器,卡在方向盘左手边,以利于驾驶员在紧急情况下隐蔽触发,由芯片、触发电路、按钮、钮扣电池和发射器组成,抢劫发生时按下按钮,发射无线电信号进而启动车用主动式智能安全监控仪器的防抢程序,无线电遥控可进行编码设计,保证一机一码;所述电源适配器由仪器接口、电路、变压器和车载点烟器接口组成,将点烟器12V输入电压转换需要的输出电压,在车用主动式智能安全 Lithium battery and SIM card cover normally open circuit in an interrupted state; and the integrated circuit board carrying the embedded microprocessor, GPS module, GSM module, a multi-axis acceleration sensor, a buzzer alarm and other auxiliary electrical components, and through the printed circuit the components as a single entity; the remote radio alarm, a chip, a trigger circuit, a button, and a button cell composed of a transmitter, arm and press the corresponding button, may be encoded radio remote control design disarmed, one yard to ensure a machine; the snap snatches radio remote control, the card wheel in the left hand side, to facilitate covert triggers the driver in an emergency situation, a chip, a trigger circuit, a button, and a button cell composed of a transmitter, press button looting , transmit radio signals to start the vehicle snatches program further active intelligent security monitoring equipment, radio remote control design can be encoded to ensure that a machine one yard; the instrument interface by a power adapter, circuits, and the car cigarette lighter transformer composed Interface the cigarette lighter 12V input voltage into the output voltage required, in the active smart vehicle safety 控仪器低电或无电时进行充电或直接给车用主动式智能安全监控仪器供电。 Charge or directly to the vehicle active safety monitoring equipment intelligent power supply control device when low or no electricity.
2.根据权利要求1所述的车用主动式智能安全监控仪器,其特征在于:CCD摄像头采用红外摄像头,俯仰角度和左右角度可在一定范围内调整。 The vehicle according to claim 1 active intelligent safety monitoring equipment, wherein: CCD camera, infrared camera, the pitch angle and side angle can be adjusted within a certain range.
3.根据权利要求1所述的车用主动式智能安全监控仪器,其特征在于:所述的多轴加速度传感器是线加速度计。 The vehicle according to claim 1 active intelligent safety monitoring equipment, wherein: the multi-axis acceleration sensor is a linear accelerometer.
4.根据权利要求1所述的车用主动式智能安全监控仪器,其特征在于:无线电防盗遥控器可与车钥匙一体化设计,锁车则启动防盗程序进入布防状态,开门则关闭防盗程序进入撤防状态。 The vehicle according to claim 1 active intelligent safety monitoring equipment, wherein: the remote control radio alarm immobilizer integrated design procedure and car keys, lock the vehicle into the deployed state, the door is closed the program proceeds immobilizer disarmed state.
5.根据权利要求1所述的车用主动式智能安全监控仪器,其特征在于:车用主动式智能安全监控仪器以吸盘方式安装于汽车前挡风玻璃左上部或中间下部,或以粘贴方式安装于操作台顶部中间。 The vehicle according to claim 1 active intelligent safety monitoring equipment, wherein: suction cup attached to the vehicle windshield or to the front upper left car with a lower portion of the intermediate active intelligent security monitoring equipment, or to paste manner mounted on the top of the middle console.
6.权利要求1所述的车用主动式智能安全监控仪器的监控方法,其特征在于,根据车用主动式智能安全监控仪器的不同功能,其监控方法不同,车用主动式智能安全监控仪器具有GPS/GSM集成移动定位、高速公路超速报警、定位防盗自动报警、定位防抢报警、防疲劳驾驶警示、重大交通事故自动定位报警求助6种功能及监控方法,其中:GPS/GSM集成移动定位监控方法如下:(1)车辆通过车用主动式智能安全监控仪器GPS模块将自身有关信息传送给监控中心的监控计算机;(2)监控中心的监控计算机将有关信息转换到GIS系统或存储的电子地图中;(3) GIS系统或电子地图根据坐标数据显示车辆具体位置;(4)若在城市的建筑物密集区,GPS模块无法定位时,监控中心通过短消息广播请求各监控对象位置;(5)车辆通过车用主动式智能安全监控仪器GSM模块利用三角定位法将自身 6. A vehicle according to claim 1 active intelligent security monitoring method of monitoring equipment, characterized in that, depending on the functional active intelligent vehicle safety monitoring instrument, which monitors the various methods, active intelligent vehicle safety monitoring device with a GPS / GSM integrated mobile positioning, highway speed alarm, burglar alarm positioning, positioning snatches alarm, anti-fatigue driving warning, a major traffic accident six functions automatic positioning and monitoring methods for police assistance, of which: GPS / GSM integrated mobile positioning monitoring method as follows: (1) the vehicle will be transmitted to the monitoring computer monitoring center by the vehicle active intelligent security monitoring equipment GPS module itself relevant information; monitoring computer (2) the monitoring center to convert information to the GIS system, or stored in an electronic map; (3) GIS system or a map display according to the vehicle specific position coordinate data; (4) If the city in built-up areas, GPS positioning module not, the monitoring center by the short message broadcast request each monitoring target location; ( 5) vehicle use triangulation itself through active intelligent vehicle safety monitoring equipment GSM module 信息以SMS全部发送到短消息业务中心;(6)监控中心通过中继线路从短消息业务中心获取数据并利用GIS系统或电子地图确定车辆具体位置;高速公路超速报警监控方法如下:(1)车用主动式智能安全监控仪器根据不同区域高速公路对不同种类车辆限速标准设定超速阀值; (2)车辆通过车用主动式智能安全监控仪器GPS模块采集相对位移速度并传送给嵌入式系统;(3)当车辆行驶速度超过设定阀值,嵌入式系统发送报警控制信号给蜂鸣警报器逻辑电路继电器;(4)继电器接通电路蜂鸣警报器鸣叫,车辆降到阀值速度以下,在嵌入式系统控制下30秒后断开电路,或人工按压警报器中断按键断开电路,停止鸣叫;(5)车辆降到阀值速度以下后,车用主动式智能安全监控仪器启动新一轮超速报警程序;定位防盗自动报警监控方法如下:(1)车辆停泊,司机锁车或按下防盗遥 SMS sending all information to a short message service center; (6) to acquire data from the monitoring center short message service center by using the GIS system trunk lines or electronic map to determine the specific location of the vehicle; highway speed alarm monitoring method as follows: (1) vehicle setting active intelligent safety monitoring device according to different regions highway speed limits to different class of vehicle speed threshold value; (2) vehicle speed acquisition relative displacement with active intelligent safety monitoring device through the GPS module embedded system and transmitted to the vehicle ; (3) when the vehicle speed exceeds the set threshold value, the embedded system transmits the alarm buzzer alarm control signal to the relay logic circuit; (4) the relay circuit is turned on the alarm buzzer beeps, the vehicle speed down to the threshold in the embedded system control circuit 30 seconds off, or manually pressing the alarm button off circuit interruption, to stop crying; (5) the vehicle down to the threshold speed, the car started with the active intelligent security monitoring equipment new a speed alarm procedures; burglar alarm monitoring is positioned as follows: (1) the vehicle is parked, the driver presses the lock or anti-theft vehicle remote 器启动按钮;(2)车用主动式智能安全监控仪器接收无线指令启动防盗程序,车辆布防;(3)GPS/GSM标定初始坐标并向嵌入式系统传送数据;(4)CCD摄像头进入监控状态记录视野内初始画面并向嵌入式系统传送数据;(5)锂电池和SIM卡盖常开电路接通;(6)嵌入式系统记录初始数据、检测常开电路状态并进入防盗程序;(7)如果车辆被移动,GPS/GSM坐标发生变化;(8)嵌入式系统将新坐标与初始坐标进行比对,当发生变化则向GSM模块发出防盗报警指令;(9)如果窃贼将车用主动式智能安全监控仪器撤除,CXD摄像头视野内画面发生变化;(10)嵌入式系统将新画面与初始画面进行比对,当发生变化则向GSM模块发出防盗报警指令;(11)如果窃贼将车用主动式智能安全监控仪器电池和SIM卡盖打开把电池或SIM卡拔出,则常开电路中断;(12)嵌入式系统检测到电池和SIM卡盖常开电路中 Start button; (2) receives a wireless command vehicle using active intelligent security alarm monitoring device to start the program, the vehicle arm; (3) GPS / GSM initial calibration of the coordinate data transferred to the embedded system; (4) CCD camera enters the monitoring state recording the initial screen and the field of view system for transmitting embedded data; (5) lithium battery and SIM card cover normally open circuit turns; (6) embedded system records initial data, the detection circuit is normally open state and enter the security procedure; (7 ) if the vehicle is moving, GPS / GSM coordinates changes; (8) with the new coordinate system embedded initial coordinates for comparison, when the change instruction is issued to the GSM module burglar alarm; (9) if the vehicle thief active intelligent security monitoring equipment is removed, the field of view CXD camera screen changes; (10) embedded new screen to the initial screen for comparison, when a change is issued burglar alarm command to the GSM module; (11) if the thieves car active safety with smart SIM card and the battery monitoring device to open the battery cover or the SIM card is unplugged, the normally open circuit interruption; (12) detects the embedded battery and SIM card cover normally open circuit 断则向GSM模块发出防盗报警指令;(13)GSM模块接受防盗报警指令以SMS向特定接收人发出报警信息;(14)特定接收人收到信息可迅速查明情况或报警;(15)在车辆被非法移动情况中,车用主动式智能安全监控仪器将间隔一定时间向特定接收人发出报警信息,可追踪车辆位置,为破案和寻车提供直接线索;定位防抢报警监控方法如下:(1)当抢劫发生,司机隐蔽按下卡在方向盘左手边的卡扣式无线电防抢遥控器按钮;(2)车用主动式智能安全监控仪器接收无线指令并传送给嵌入式系统;(3)嵌入式系统启动防抢程序并向GPS/GSM请求定位数据;(4)嵌入式系统定时向GSM模块发送防抢报警指令和最新数据;(5)GSM模块接受指令以SMS不断向特定接收人发出报警信息;(6)特定接收人收到信息迅速报警并跟踪和标定位置,为解救被劫持者、缉拿犯罪嫌疑人赢得时间和机会;防疲劳 Off the burglar alarm issuing instructions to the GSM module; (13 is) burglar alarm GSM module accepts an instruction to send alarm information to a particular SMS recipient; (14) receives the specific information is received by the case or can quickly identify the alarm; (15) movement of the vehicle is illegal, the active intelligent vehicle safety monitoring device at certain intervals to send alarm information to specific recipients, track the vehicle position, searching cars for the detection and direct clue; snatches alarm monitoring positioning follows :( 1) when the robbery, the driver presses the card hidden in the left-hand steering wheel snap snatches radio remote control button; (2) receives a wireless command vehicle using active intelligent security monitoring device and transmitted to the embedded system; (3) embedded system startup program and snatches GPS / GSM location data request; (4) an embedded system timing transmission snatches alarm instruction to the GSM module and the latest data; (. 5) GSM module accepts an instruction was issued to a particular person receiving an SMS alarm information; (6) specific recipients receive information quickly and calibration alarm and location tracking, to rescue abductees, apprehend suspects to win time and opportunity; anti-fatigue 驾驶警示监控方法如下:(1)防盗程序关闭,防疲劳驾驶程序启动;(2)CCD摄像头采集司机头部状态进行视频处理并将处理后的数据传送给嵌入式系统; (3)当司机长时间驾驶,出现疲劳打盹点头状态;(4)嵌入式系统采用模式识别技术和算法提取特征并与疲劳驾驶特征库进行特征比对;(5) GPS模块将坐标、速度信息不断并传送给嵌入式系统;(6)如果连续一定时间坐标无变化或速度为零则嵌入式系统判定车辆处于停泊状态;(7)如果停泊状态被打破则嵌入式微处理器开始计时,记录连续驾驶时间;(8)嵌入式系统检测驾驶持续时间;(9)当点头视频数据特征比对符合疲劳驾驶且持续驾驶时间检测值达到或超过设定阀值,嵌入式系统判定司机疲劳驾驶;(10)嵌入式系统控制接通继电器,蜂鸣警报器接通电路并持续鸣叫;(11)司机人工按压警报器中断按键关闭警报器,停 Driving alarm monitoring method as follows: (1) anti-theft program is closed, the anti-fatigue driving program is started; (2) CCD camera capture video processing driver head state and transmits the processed data to the embedded system; (3) when the driver length driving time, fatigue nod doze state occurs; (4) embedded systems that employ pattern recognition and feature extraction algorithms and feature matching and feature database driver fatigue; (5) GPS module coordinates, speed information and continuously transferred to the embedded system; (6) If the continuous speed change or certain time zero, then the coordinates of the embedded system determines that the vehicle is parked state; (7) if the parked state is broken embedded microprocessor starts timing, the continuous driving time recording; (8) embedded system detects driving time duration; (9) wherein the video data when the comparison nod meet fatigue driving and continuous driving time reaches or exceeds the set detection threshold value, the system determines the driver fatigue driving embedded; (10) embedded control system turns on the relay, and the circuit is turned on the alarm buzzer beeps continuously; (11) the driver presses the alarm interrupt artificial alarm off button, stop 车休息;(12)当警报器被关闭后,嵌入式系统启动新一轮疲劳驾驶检测; 重大交通事故自动定位报警求助监控方法如下:(1)车辆行驶或停泊中;(2)发生严重碰撞或坠落事故;(3)多轴加速度传感器检测各轴向加速度或减速度并将变化值转换成电压信号传送给嵌入式系统;(4)嵌入式系统判断电压值是否达到或超过阀值;(5) CXD摄像头采集画面信息;(6)当发生重大交通事故时,车辆产生巨大振动,C⑶摄像头采集的画面发生剧烈抖动,该视频信息经过模数转换传送给嵌入式系统;(7)嵌入式系统采用模式识别技术和相应算法提取特征值并与特征库进行比对,判断是否出现剧烈振动;(8)当嵌入式系统判定某轴向加速度传感器输出电压达到或超过设定阀值而且监控画面出现剧烈振动则启动重大交通事故自动定位报警求助程序;(9)嵌入式系统发送交通事故报警控制信 Car break; (12) when the alarm is turned off, the embedded system starts a new round of driver fatigue detection; automatic positioning of a major accident report to the police monitoring methods are as follows: (1) the vehicle is traveling or at anchor; (2) serious collision or fall accident; converting (3) the multi-axis acceleration sensor detects the acceleration or deceleration of each axis and the voltage change value to transmit a signal to the embedded system; (4) an embedded system determines whether the voltage value reaches or exceeds the threshold; ( 5) CXD picture information captured by the camera; (6) when a major accident occurs, a huge vehicle vibration, C⑶ picture captured by the camera shake violently, the video information is transmitted to the analog to digital conversion via embedded systems; (7) embedded systems that employ pattern recognition algorithms and corresponding feature value is extracted and compared with the characteristics of the database, it is determined whether there is severe vibration; (8) when the embedded system determines an axial acceleration sensor output voltage reaches or exceeds the set threshold value and the monitor screen vibration radical initiating automatic positioning major traffic police assistance program; (9) embedded transmission system control signal traffic accident 号给蜂鸣警报器逻辑电路继电器;(10)继电器接通电路蜂鸣警报器并持续鸣叫;(11)无论司机清醒与否,在15秒之内蜂鸣警报器没有关闭,嵌入式系统向GSM模块发出事故报警求助指令和坐标数据;(12)GSM模块接受指令以SMS向特定接收人发出报警信息,每隔3分钟发送一条信息, 共发送3条信息;(13)特定接收人收到信息可迅速报警并跟踪和标定位置,为救助事故伤者赢得时间和机会;(14)若15秒内蜂鸣警报器被关闭,则嵌入式系统不发出求助指令。 A logic circuit for the alarm buzzer number relay; (10) turns the relay circuit and the alarm buzzer beeps continuously; (11) whether or not the driver awake, within 15 seconds of the alarm buzzer is not turned off, the embedded system GSM module issues instructions accident alarm and help coordinate data; (12 is) GSM SMS module accepts an instruction to send alarm information to a particular receiver, a message transmission 3 minutes, a total of three transmission information every; (13) receives the receipt-specific alarm and tracking information quickly and calibration location, to gain time and opportunity for rescue accident victims; (14) if the buzzer alarm is turned off within 15 seconds, the embedded system does not issue instructions for help.
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