CN101847950A - High-power coaxial-driving multi-pivot synchronous supporting tracking lighting solar power station - Google Patents

High-power coaxial-driving multi-pivot synchronous supporting tracking lighting solar power station Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101847950A
CN101847950A CN201010117929A CN201010117929A CN101847950A CN 101847950 A CN101847950 A CN 101847950A CN 201010117929 A CN201010117929 A CN 201010117929A CN 201010117929 A CN201010117929 A CN 201010117929A CN 101847950 A CN101847950 A CN 101847950A
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long
axle
worm
spur gear
worm screw
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CN201010117929A
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CN101847950B (en
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张晋
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张晋
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/50Photovoltaic [PV] energy

Abstract

The invention relates to a high-power coaxial-driving multi-pivot synchronous supporting tracking lighting solar power station which can be driven by motors, can realize the automatic tracking of sunlight collection, can finish the synchronous and automatic sunlight tracking motion by driving a plurality of solar battery panels by the two motors through a mechanical driving mechanism comprising a straight gear, a long and straight rack, a long lead screw, a long nut, a long worm, a worm wheel and the like and can be used for driving the solar battery panels to realize the group synchronous and automatic tracking of sunlight collection.

Description

The high-power coaxial-driving multi-pivot synchronous supporting tracking collection solar power station
Affiliated technical field:
The present invention relates to a kind of solar automatic tracking technology, particularly a kind of a plurality of solar panels or a plurality of other solar energy receiving equipments of can be used for are synchronously from the high-power coaxial-driving multi-pivot synchronous supporting tracking collection solar power station of motion tracking sunlight, this power station can drive a plurality of solar panels or a plurality of other solar energy receiving equipments synchronously from the motion tracking sunlight, finish solar energy from the motion tracking collection.
Background technology:
Solar energy is a kind of clean energy resource, inexhaustible, nexhaustible, can not cause environmental pollution yet, nowadays, no matter in coastal cities, still in inland city, solar product enters people's the visual field just more and more, solar street light, solar lawn lamp, solar energy garden lamp, solar corridor lamp, bus station's desk lamp, traffic lights or the like, but the solar energy receiving element of these solar products receives sunlight in the fixed-site mode mostly, because of can not whole day keeping vertical, cause solar energy utilization ratio low with sunlight.Abroad in the photovoltaic matrix of some solar power stations, realized in recent years sunlight from motion tracking, also there are some small-sized throughout the country, medium-sized solar power station puts into operation, their receiving element receives sunlight in the fixed-site mode a bit, some realized sunlight from motion tracking, but the level of these tracking means is followed the tracks of rotation axis perpendicular to ground level, it is parallel with ground level vertically to follow the tracks of rotation axis, level must could realize that solar panel receives the plane and keeps vertical with sunlight by real-time tracking with vertical both direction, make these tracking means complex structures, bulky, the cost height, energy consumption is big, is difficult to apply.
Summary of the invention:
In order to overcome existing tracking means complicated in mechanical structure, bulky, shortcoming such as cost is high, energy consumption is big, the deficiency that the present invention is directed to the prior art existence is improved prior art, the three-dimensional tracking is decomposed into track and track depression angle-tracking, and proposed on this basis a kind of simple and reliable for structure, cost is low, follows the tracks of the solar power station that energy consumption is little, wind loading rating is strong.The parallel axes of the axis of the connecting axle of this each solar panel of power station and the earth moves round the sun track, solar panel can be under the driving of control system around the rotational of this connecting axle, thereby make the solar cell board plane keep vertical in real time, realize the track in power station with sunlight.The axis normal of the connecting axle of another connecting axle and each solar panel, what all solar panels in this power station were can be under the driving of control system simultaneously synchronous rotates around this connecting axle, can adjust the axis keeping parallelism of axis and the earth moves round the sun track of the connecting axle of each solar panel, realize the track depression angle-tracking in power station.Because of the earth moves round the sun 1 year, the axis of connecting axle changes very slow with respect to the axis of the earth moves round the sun track, so the adjustment of this direction can be carried out once in one day or several days, can reduce the tracking energy consumption of solar power station greatly.
The technical solution adopted for the present invention to solve the technical problems is: N solar panel is divided into many groups, and every group solar panel is all by firm being serially connected of connecting axle.Each axis of organizing the connecting axle of solar panel be parallel to each other and with the parallel axes of the earth moves round the sun track, make the axis normal of connecting axle of sunray and each group solar panel.The weight of every group solar panel is evenly distributed on the axis both sides of this group connecting axle, and the upper surface of every group solar panel is parallel to each other.The connecting axle of every group of solar panel is installed on one group of brace summer that is parallel to each other by bearing and bearing bracket stand, makes that every group solar panel can be around the smooth rotation of axis of the connecting axle of this group.What brace summer was firm is fixed on the bracing frame, bracing frame is connected with two main support rods by connecting axle, the axis of this connecting axle is mutually vertical and parallel with ground surface with the axis of the connecting axle of each group solar panel, and the rotation that bracing frame is can be around the axis of this connecting axle smooth and solar panel of driving each group by brace summer are around the synchronous simultaneously rotation in the same way of the axis of this connecting axle.
Each is organized on the connecting axle of solar panel all and firm being connected of spur gear, spur gear and connecting axle concentric axis overlap and firm being fixed on the connecting axle, each spur gear of organizing on the solar panel connecting axle is identical, each organize on the solar panel connecting axle spur gear all with good mutually meshing of long spur rack.
Firmly on the brace summer in the above-mentioned brace summer that is parallel to each other fixed a deceleration box, two orthogonal driving shafts are installed on the deceleration box by bearing and bearing bracket stand in deceleration box.Good mutually meshing of worm gear and worm screw in deceleration box, a spur gear and the worm screw concentric axis overlaps and firm being fixed on the worm screw, the motor shaft concentric axis of another spur gear and a motor overlaps and firm being fixed on this motor shaft, good mutually meshing of two spur gears.A driving shaft concentric axis in worm gear and above-mentioned two driving shafts overlaps and firm being fixed on this driving shaft, one end of this driving shaft stretches out in the deceleration box and links to each other with a spur gear, this spur gear and this driving shaft concentric axis overlap and firm being fixed on this driving shaft, the connecting axle concentric axis of another spur gear and one group of solar panel overlaps and firm being fixed on this connecting axle, this spur gear can drive this group solar panel around the smooth rotation of the axis of this group connecting axle by this connecting axle, and by the long spur rack motion of spur gear drive on this group solar panel connecting axle, long spur rack drives by the spur gear of each group on connecting axle and respectively organizes the axis simultaneously synchronously in the same way smooth rotation of solar panel around each group connecting axle, good mutually meshing of two spur gears.
When departing from vertical seat with the upper surface of each group solar panel, sunray rotates by the control system drive motors, motor is by four spur gears, worm screw, worm gear, long spur rack and respectively organize spur gear on the connecting axle and drive and respectively to organize solar panel simultaneously synchronously in the same way around the rotational of each group solar panel connecting axle, make that respectively organizing solar panel returns on the vertical seat with sunray simultaneously, realizes the track in power station.
Good mutually meshing of another worm gear and another worm screw in deceleration box, a spur gear and this worm screw concentric axis overlap and firm being fixed on the worm screw, the motor shaft concentric axis of another spur gear and another motor overlaps and firm being fixed on this motor shaft, good mutually meshing of two spur gears.Another driving shaft concentric axis in worm gear and above-mentioned two driving shafts overlaps and firm being fixed on this driving shaft, the two ends of this driving shaft are stretched out in the deceleration box and are connected with the end of two long worm screws respectively, article two, long worm screw and this driving shaft concentric axis overlap and the firm two ends that are fixed on this driving shaft, the supporting bracket that two lower ends have circular hole is installed in the other end of two long worm screws respectively, circular hole that open two supporting bracket lower ends and two long worm screw concentric axis overlap and two supporting brackets can be grown worm screw and are the smooth rotation of axle, the link that two lower ends have circular hole is installed in the middle part of two long worm screws respectively, circular hole that open two link lower ends and two long worm screw concentric axis overlap and two supporting brackets can be grown worm screw and are the smooth rotation of axle, and the upper end and the deceleration box of two supporting brackets and two links are fixed on the same brace summer.Article one, the middle part of long worm screw be installed in good mutually meshing of a worm gear in the little deceleration box, this worm gear and a long lead screw concentric axis overlap and the firm middle and upper part that is fixed on this long lead screw, the middle and upper part of long lead screw is installed in the little deceleration box by bearing and bearing bracket stand, little deceleration box is by this length worm screw and smooth being connected of link that is installed in this length worm screw middle part, little deceleration box can long worm screw be the smooth rotation of axle, one end of long lead screw stretches out in the little deceleration box and smooth this long nut of screw-in from the upper end of a long nut, the lower end of long nut is connected with the upper end of an auxilliary support bar by a connecting axle
The middle part of another long worm screw be installed in good mutually meshing of another worm gear in another little deceleration box, this worm gear and another long lead screw concentric axis overlap and the firm middle and upper part that is fixed on this long lead screw, the middle and upper part of long lead screw is installed in the little deceleration box by bearing and bearing bracket stand, little deceleration box is by this length worm screw and smooth being connected of link that is installed in this length worm screw middle part, little deceleration box can long worm screw be the smooth rotation of axle, one end of long lead screw stretches out in the little deceleration box and smooth this long nut of screw-in from the upper end of another long nut, the lower end of long nut is connected with the upper end of another auxilliary support bar by a connecting axle, and what the lower end of two auxilliary support bars was firm fixes on the ground.
When the parallel seat of axis runout of the axis of the connecting axle of each group solar panel and the earth moves round the sun track, rotate by the control system drive motors, motor is by two spur gears, worm and worm wheel drive two long worm screws and rotate, article two, long worm screw drives two worm gears and drives by two long lead screws and two long nuts respectively organizes solar panel simultaneously synchronously in the same way around the rotational of the connecting axle that is connected bracing frame and main support rod, make the axis of the connecting axle of respectively organizing solar panel return to simultaneously and the parallel axes seat of the earth moves round the sun track on.
When motor did not power up rotation, because of the one-way and the irreversibility of worm screw, worm gear and long lead screw transmission, solar panel can not move under wind-force and other external force effects, so this device has good wind resistance.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows: one-way and irreversibility by worm screw, worm gear and long lead screw transmission, can realize good wind resistance, the tracking energy consumption is little, cost is low, and is simple and reliable for structure.
Description of drawings
Be that the present invention is further described in conjunction with the accompanying drawings for embodiment with ten solar panels below.
Fig. 1 is a whole schematic diagram of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is an A-A cutaway view of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is a B-B cutaway view of the present invention.
Fig. 4 is a C-C cutaway view of the present invention.
Fig. 5 is the amplification view of deceleration box of the present invention.
Fig. 6 is the cutaway view of little deceleration box of the present invention.
Fig. 1, Fig. 2, Fig. 3, Fig. 4,1-1-1. solar panel among Fig. 5 and Fig. 6,1-1-2. solar panel, 1-2-1. solar panel, 1-2-2. solar panel, 1-3-1. solar panel, 1-3-2. solar panel, 1-4-1. solar panel, 1-4-2. solar panel, 1-5-1. solar panel, 1-5-2. solar panel, 2-1-1. long lead screw, 2-1-2. long lead screw, 2-2-1. long nut, 2-2-2. long nut, 3-1. main support rod, 3-2. main support rod, 3-3. auxilliary support bar, 3-4. assists support bar, the 4-1-1. bracing frame, 4-1-2. bracing frame, 4-2-1. brace summer, 4-2-2. brace summer, 4-2-3. brace summer, 5-1-1. connecting axle, 5-1-2. connecting axle, the long worm screw of 5-2-1., the long worm screw of 5-2-2., 5-3-1. connecting axle, 5-3-2. connecting axle, 6-1-1. supporting bracket, 6-1-2. link, 6-1-3. link, 6-1-4. supporting bracket, 7-1. deceleration box, 7-2. deceleration box, 7-3-1. little deceleration box, 7-3-2. little deceleration box, 9-1-1. connecting axle, 9-1-2. connecting axle, 9-1-3. connecting axle, 9-2-1. connecting axle, 9-2-2. connecting axle, 9-2-3. connecting axle, 9-3-1. connecting axle, 9-3-2. connecting axle, 9-3-3. connecting axle, 9-4-1. connecting axle, 9-4-2. connecting axle, 9-4-3. connecting axle, 9-5-1. connecting axle, 9-5-2. connecting axle, 9-5-3. connecting axle, 10-1. spur gear, 10-2. spur gear, 10-3. spur gear, 10-4. spur gear, 10-5. spur gear, 11. long spur racks, 12-1. motor, 12-2. motor, 13-1. motor shaft, 13-2. motor shaft, 14-1. spur gear, 14-2. spur gear, 14-3. spur gear, 14-4. spur gear, 15-1. worm screw, 15-2. worm screw, 16-1. worm gear, 16-2. worm gear, 16-3. worm gear, 16-4. worm gear, 17-1. driving shaft, 17-2. driving shaft, 18. control circuit boards, 19. spur gear, 20. spur gears.
Embodiment
In Fig. 1 and Fig. 2, solar panel is divided into five groups, solar panel (1-1-1) and solar panel (1-1-2) are first group, solar panel (1-2-1) and solar panel (1-2-2) are second group, solar panel (1-3-1) and solar panel (1-3-2) are the 3rd group, solar panel (1-4-1) and solar panel (1-4-2) are the 4th group, solar panel (1-5-1) and solar panel (1-5-2) are the 5th group, and the upper surface of every group of solar panel is parallel to each other.Connecting axle also is divided into five groups, following connecting axle (9-1-1), middle connecting axle (9-1-2) and last connecting axle (9-1-3) are first group, following connecting axle (9-2-1), middle connecting axle (9-2-2) and last connecting axle (9-2-3) are second group, following connecting axle (9-3-1), middle connecting axle (9-3-2) and last connecting axle (9-3-3) are the 3rd group, following connecting axle (9-4-1), middle connecting axle (9-4-2) and last connecting axle (9-4-3) are the 4th group, and following connecting axle (9-5-1), middle connecting axle (9-5-2) and last connecting axle (9-5-3) are the 5th group.Brace summer (4-2-1), brace summer (4-2-2) and brace summer (4-2-3) are by firm being fixed on bracing frame (4-1-1) and the bracing frame (4-1-2), three brace summers are parallel to each other, bracing frame (4-1-1) is connected by the upper end of connecting axle (5-1-1) with main support rod (3-1), bracing frame (4-1-2) is connected by the upper end of connecting axle (5-1-2) with main support rod (3-2), main support rod (3-1) and firm the fixing on the ground in main support rod (3-2) lower end, connecting axle (5-1-1) and connecting axle (5-1-2) concentric axis overlap, and two bracing frames can drive three brace summers around connecting axle (5-1-1) and the smooth rotation of connecting axle (5-1-2).Allow i get one, two, three, four, five respectively.I group solar panel is by firm being serially connected of i group connecting axle, three connecting axles of i group with one heart and the axis of three connecting axles overlap, the weight of i group solar panel is evenly distributed on the axis both sides of i group connecting axle, the last connecting axle of i group is installed on the brace summer (4-2-3) by bearing and bearing bracket stand, the middle connecting axle of i group is installed on the brace summer (4-2-2) by bearing and bearing bracket stand, the following connecting axle of i group is installed on the brace summer (4-2-1) by bearing and bearing bracket stand, and i group solar panel can be around the smooth rotation of axis of i group connecting axle.Each axis of organizing connecting axle be parallel to each other and with the parallel axes of the earth moves round the sun track.
In Fig. 1, Fig. 2, Fig. 3, Fig. 4 and Fig. 5, what deceleration box (7-2) was firm is fixed on the brace summer (4-2-3), control circuit board (18) is installed in the deceleration box (7-2), and driving shaft (17-1) and driving shaft (17-2) are vertical mutually and be installed on the deceleration box (7-2) by bearing and bearing bracket stand.What motor (12-1) was good is fixed on the deceleration box (7-2), spur gear (14-1) overlaps and firm being fixed on the motor shaft (13-1) with motor shaft (13-1) concentric axis of motor (12-1), spur gear (14-2) overlaps and firm being fixed on the worm screw (15-1) with worm screw (15-1) concentric axis, worm screw (15-1) is installed on the deceleration box (7-2) by bearing and bearing bracket stand, good mutually meshing of spur gear (14-1) and spur gear (14-2), good mutually meshing of worm screw (15-1) and worm gear (16-1), worm gear (16-1) overlaps and firm being fixed on the driving shaft (17-1) with driving shaft (17-1) concentric axis, one end of driving shaft (17-1) stretches out in the deceleration box (7-2) and is connected with spur gear (19), and spur gear (19) and driving shaft (17-1) concentric axis overlap and firm being fixed on the driving shaft (17-1).What one end of spur gear (10-1) was firm is fixed on the connecting axle (9-1-3), what one end of spur gear (10-2) was firm is fixed on the connecting axle (9-2-3), what one end of spur gear (10-3) was firm is fixed on the connecting axle (9-3-3), spur gear (20) overlaps and firm being fixed on the connecting axle (9-3-3) with connecting axle (9-3-3) concentric axis, good mutually meshing of spur gear (19) and spur gear (20), what one end of spur gear (10-4) was firm is fixed on the connecting axle (9-4-3), and what an end of spur gear (10-5) was firm is fixed on the connecting axle (9-5-3).Good mutually meshing of long spur rack (11) and spur gear (10-1), spur gear (10-2), spur gear (10-3), spur gear (10-4) and spur gear (10-5).
When motor (12-1) rotates, by motor shaft (13-1), spur gear (14-1), spur gear (14-2), worm screw (15-1), worm gear (16-1), driving shaft (17-1), spur gear (19) drives spur gear (20) and rotates, spur gear (20) drives long spur rack (11) and passes through long spur rack (11) and spur gear (10-1) by spur gear (10-3), spur gear (10-2), spur gear (10-3), spur gear (10-4) and spur gear (10-5) drive respectively organizes the axis while of solar panel around its connecting axle, synchronously, follow sunlight in the same way and rotate, realize the track in power station.
At Fig. 1, Fig. 2, Fig. 3, Fig. 4, among Fig. 5 and Fig. 6, what motor (12-2) was good is fixed on the deceleration box (7-2), spur gear (14-3) overlaps and firm being fixed on the motor shaft (13-2) with motor shaft (13-2) concentric axis of motor (12-2), spur gear (14-4) overlaps and firm being fixed on the worm screw (15-2) with worm screw (15-2) concentric axis, worm screw (15-2) is installed on the deceleration box (7-2) by bearing and bearing bracket stand, good mutually meshing of spur gear (14-3) and spur gear (14-4), good mutually meshing of worm screw (15-2) and worm gear (16-2), worm gear (16-2) overlaps and firm being fixed on the driving shaft (17-2) with driving shaft (17-2) concentric axis, driving shaft (17-2) two ends are stretched out in the deceleration box (7-2) and are connected with the end of two long worm screws (5-2-1) with long worm screw (5-2-2) respectively, long worm screw (5-2-1) and long worm screw (5-2-2) overlap and the firm respectively two ends that are fixed on driving shaft (17-2) with driving shaft (17-2) concentric axis, supporting bracket (6-1-1) is by its lower end circular hole of opening and smooth being connected of the other end of growing worm screw (5-2-1), link (6-1-2) is by its lower end circular hole of opening and smooth being connected in middle part of growing worm screw (5-2-1), link (6-1-3) is by its lower end circular hole of opening and smooth being connected in middle part of growing worm screw (5-2-2), supporting bracket (6-1-4) is by its lower end circular hole of opening and smooth being connected of the other end of growing worm screw (5-2-2), supporting bracket (6-1-1), link (6-1-2), the upper end of link (6-1-3) and supporting bracket (6-1-4) is fixed on the brace summer (4-2-3), supporting bracket (6-1-1), link (6-1-2), link (6-1-3) and supporting bracket (6-1-4) circular hole that open the lower end overlap with long worm screw (5-2-1) and long worm screw (5-2-2) concentric axis
Good mutually meshing of the middle part of long worm screw (5-2-1) and worm gear (16-3), worm gear (16-3) overlaps and firm being fixed on the long lead screw (2-1-1) with long lead screw (2-1-1) concentric axis, long lead screw (2-1-1) is installed on the little deceleration box (7-3-1) by bearing and bearing bracket stand, little deceleration box (7-3-1) is by long worm screw (5-2-1) and smooth being connected of link (6-1-2) that is installed in long worm screw (5-2-1) middle part, little deceleration box (7-3-1) can be grown worm screw (5-2-1) and be the smooth rotation of axle, one end of long lead screw (2-1-1) stretches out in the little deceleration box (7-3-1) and the smooth screw-in long nut (2-2-1) from the upper end of long nut (2-2-1), the lower end of long nut (2-2-1) is connected by the upper end of connecting axle (5-3-1) with auxilliary support bar (3-3)
Good mutually meshing of the middle part of long worm screw (5-2-2) and worm gear (16-4), worm gear (16-4) overlaps and firm being fixed on the long lead screw (2-1-2) with long lead screw (2-1-2) concentric axis, long lead screw (2-1-2) is installed on the little deceleration box (7-3-2) by bearing and bearing bracket stand, little deceleration box (7-3-2) is by long worm screw (5-2-2) and smooth being connected of link (6-1-3) that is installed in long worm screw (5-2-2) middle part, little deceleration box (7-3-2) can be grown worm screw (5-2-2) and be the smooth rotation of axle, one end of long lead screw (2-1-2) stretches out in the little deceleration box (7-3-2) and the smooth screw-in long nut (2-2-2) from the upper end of long nut (2-2-2), the lower end of long nut (2-2-2) is connected by the upper end of connecting axle (5-3-2) with auxilliary support bar (3-4), firm the fixing on the ground in lower end of auxilliary support bar (3-3) and auxilliary support bar (3-4).
When motor (12-2) rotates, by motor shaft (13-2), spur gear (14-3), spur gear (14-4), worm screw (15-2), worm gear (16-2), driving shaft (17-2) drives long worm screw (5-2-1) and long worm screw (5-2-2) is rotated, long worm screw (5-2-1) and long worm screw (5-2-2) drive worm gear (16-3) and worm gear (16-4) rotation and pass through long lead screw (2-1-1), long lead screw (2-1-2), long nut (2-2-1) and long nut (2-2-2) drive and respectively organize solar panel serve as a vertically rotation of axle with connecting axle (5-1-1) and connecting axle (5-1-2), can adjust the axis of respectively organizing the solar energy connecting axle and the axis keeping parallelism of the earth moves round the sun track.
Control system circuit board (18) is installed in the deceleration box (7-2), the angle of depression that control system circuit board (18) can be monitored the seat of the sun and sun orbit in real time changes, and drive motors (12-1) and motor (12-2) are finished the track and the track depression angle-tracking in power station.

Claims (10)

1. one by driving shaft (17-1), driving shaft (17-2), long lead screw (2-1-1), long lead screw (2-1-2), long nut (2-2-1), long nut (2-2-2), spur gear (14-1), spur gear (14-2), spur gear (14-3), spur gear (14-4), spur gear (19), spur gear (20), worm gear (16-1), worm gear (16-2), worm gear (16-3), worm gear (16-4), worm screw (5-2-1), worm screw (5-2-2), long worm screw (15-1), long worm screw (15-2), motor (12-1), motor (12-2), link (6-1-1), link (6-1-2), main support rod (3-1), main support rod (3-2), auxilliary support bar (3-3), auxilliary support bar (3-4), bracing frame (4-1-1), bracing frame (4-1-2), brace summer (4-2-1), brace summer (4-2-2), brace summer (4-2-3) deceleration box (7-1), deceleration box (7-2), little deceleration box (7-3-1), little deceleration box (7-3-1), long spur rack (11), be installed in the spur gear on each solar panel connecting axle, connecting axle, control system circuit board (18) and and the high-power coaxial-driving multi-pivot synchronous supporting tracking collection solar power station of formation such as N solar panel, N solar panel is divided into many groups, it is characterized in that: every group of firm being serially connected of connecting axle that solar panel all overlaps by one group of axis, the connecting axle of every group of solar panel all is installed on the same group of brace summer that is parallel to each other by bearing and bearing bracket stand, what this group brace summer was firm is fixed on one group of bracing frame, bracing frame by one group of connecting axle and one group of main support rod smooth be connected and the axis of this group connecting axle overlaps and vertical mutually with the axis of each group solar panel connecting axle, what main support rod was firm fixes on the ground, each has organized installation all firm on the connecting axle of solar panel spur gear and spur gear and connecting axle concentric axis overlap and firm be fixed on this connecting axle on, each spur gear all with good mutually meshing of a long spur rack (11), long spur rack (11) can drive the spur gear of respectively organizing on the solar panel and respectively organize solar panel by each spur gear drive and organize the smooth rotation of axis of the connecting axle of solar panel around each, on the brace summer in above-mentioned brace summer firm installation a deceleration box (7-2) and one group of link (6-1-1), link (6-1-2), link (6-1-3) and link (6-1-4), two orthogonal driving shafts (17-1) and driving shaft (17-2) have been installed in deceleration box (7-2), one end of driving shaft (17-1) stretches out in the deceleration box (7-2) and is connected with spur gear (19), the connecting axle concentric axis of one group of solar panel in spur gear (20) and the solar panel overlap and firm be fixed on this connecting axle on, good mutually meshing of spur gear (19) and spur gear (20), on the end that is fixed on long worm screw (5-2-2) that its other end is firm on the end that is fixed on worm screw (5-2-1) that stretch out in the deceleration box (7-2) at the two ends of driving shaft (17-2) and the one end is firm and long worm screw (5-2-1) and long worm screw (5-2-2) and driving shaft (17-2) concentric axis overlap, driving shaft (17-2) can drive long worm screw (5-2-1) and grow worm screw (5-2-2) simultaneously, synchronously, rotate in the same way, the other end of long worm screw (5-2-1) and long worm screw (5-2-2) is respectively by link (6-1-1), link (6-1-2) and link (6-1-3), link (6-1-4) lower end circular hole and link (6-1-1), link (6-1-2), link (6-1-3) and smooth being connected of link (6-1-4), link (6-1-1), link (6-1-2), what the upper end of link (6-1-3) and link (6-1-4) was firm is fixed on the brace summer (4-2-3)
The deceleration system that is made of motor (12-1), spur gear (14-1), spur gear (14-2), worm screw (15-1), worm gear (16-1) also has been installed in deceleration box (7-2), good mutually meshing of worm screw (15-1) and worm gear (16-1), worm gear (16-1) overlaps and firm being fixed on the driving shaft (17-1) with driving shaft (17-1) concentric axis
The deceleration system that is made of motor (12-2), spur gear (14-3), spur gear (14-4), worm screw (15-2), worm gear (16-2) also has been installed in deceleration box (7-2), good mutually meshing of worm screw (15-2) and worm gear (16-2), worm gear (16-2) overlaps and firm being fixed on the driving shaft (17-2) with driving shaft (17-2) concentric axis
The deceleration system that is made of little deceleration box (7-3-1), worm gear (16-3), long lead screw (2-1-1), long nut (2-2-1) and auxilliary support bar (3-3) has been installed below long worm screw (5-2-1), worm gear (16-3) is installed in the little deceleration box (7-3-1), good mutually meshing of long worm screw (5-2-1) and worm gear (16-3)
The deceleration system that is made of little deceleration box (7-3-2), worm gear (16-4), long lead screw (2-1-2), long nut (2-2-2) and auxilliary support bar (3-4) also has been installed below long worm screw (5-2-2), worm gear (16-4) is installed in the little deceleration box (7-3-2), good mutually meshing of long worm screw (5-2-2) and worm gear (16-4).
2. high-power coaxial-driving multi-pivot synchronous supporting tracking collection solar power station according to claim 1 is characterized in that: each axis of organizing the connecting axle of solar panel is parallel to each other and the upper surface of respectively organizing solar panel is parallel to each other and weight is evenly distributed on the axis both sides of its connecting axle.
3. high-power coaxial-driving multi-pivot synchronous supporting tracking collection solar power station according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the motor shaft concentric axis of spur gear (14-1) and motor (12-1) overlap and the firm motor shaft that is fixed on motor (12-1) on, spur gear (14-2) overlaps and firm being fixed on the worm screw (15-1) with worm screw (15-1) concentric axis, good mutually meshing of spur gear (14-1) and spur gear (14-2), good mutually meshing of worm screw (15-1) and worm gear (16-1), worm gear (16-1) overlaps and firm being fixed on the driving shaft (17-1) with driving shaft (17-1) concentric axis.
4. high-power coaxial-driving multi-pivot synchronous supporting tracking collection solar power station according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the motor shaft concentric axis of spur gear (14-3) and motor (12-2) overlap and the firm motor shaft that is fixed on motor (12-2) on, spur gear (14-4) overlaps and firm being fixed on the worm screw (15-2) with worm screw (15-2) concentric axis, good mutually meshing of spur gear (14-3) and spur gear (14-4), good mutually meshing of worm screw (15-2) and worm gear (16-2), worm gear (16-2) overlaps and firm being fixed on the driving shaft (17-2) with driving shaft (17-2) concentric axis.
5. high-power coaxial-driving multi-pivot synchronous supporting tracking collection solar power station according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: an end of the vertical mutually and driving shaft (17-1) of driving shaft of installing in deceleration box (7-2) (17-1) and driving shaft (17-2) stretches out in the deceleration box (7-2) and is connected with spur gear (19) and spur gear (19) and driving shaft (17-1) concentric axis overlap and firm being fixed on the driving shaft (17-1), the connecting axle concentric axis of one group of solar panel in spur gear (20) and the solar panel overlap and firm be fixed on this connecting axle on, good mutually meshing of spur gear (19) and spur gear (20), driving shaft (17-1) can drive that spur gear (19) rotates and by spur gear (19), spur gear (20), long spur rack (11) and be fixed on spur gear on the connecting axle of respectively organizing solar panel and drive the smooth rotation of axis respectively organize solar panel around the connecting axle of each group solar panel.
6. high-power coaxial-driving multi-pivot synchronous supporting tracking collection solar power station according to claim 1 is characterized in that: the two ends of the vertical mutually and driving shaft (17-2) of driving shaft of installing in deceleration box (7-2) (17-1) and driving shaft (17-2) are stretched out in the deceleration box (7-2) and are connected with the end of two long worm screws (5-2-1) and long worm screw (5-2-2) respectively and long worm screw (5-2-1) and length worm screw (5-2-2) and driving shaft (17-2) concentric axis overlap and the firm respectively two ends that are fixed on driving shaft (17-2).
7. high-power coaxial-driving multi-pivot synchronous supporting tracking collection solar power station according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: good mutually meshing of long worm screw (5-2-1) and worm gear (16-3), worm gear (16-3) overlaps and the firm middle and upper part that is fixed on long lead screw (2-1-1) with long lead screw (2-1-1) concentric axis, the middle and upper part of long lead screw (2-1-1) is installed in the little deceleration box (7-3-1) by bearing and bearing bracket stand, little deceleration box (7-3-1) is by long worm screw (5-2-1) and smooth being connected of link (6-1-1), little deceleration box (7-3-1) can be grown worm screw (5-2-1) and be the smooth rotation of axle, the lower end of long lead screw (2-1-1) stretch out in the little deceleration box (7-3-1) and from the upper end of long nut (2-2-1) smooth screw-in long nut (2-2-1), the lower end of long nut (2-2-1) is by upper end smooth be connected of connecting axle (5-3-1) with auxilliary support bar (3-3).
8. high-power coaxial-driving multi-pivot synchronous supporting tracking collection solar power station according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: good mutually meshing of long worm screw (5-2-2) and worm gear (16-4), worm gear (16-4) overlaps and the firm middle and upper part that is fixed on long lead screw (2-1-2) with long lead screw (2-1-2) concentric axis, the middle and upper part of long lead screw (2-1-2) is installed in the little deceleration box (7-3-2) by bearing and bearing bracket stand, little deceleration box (7-3-2) is by long worm screw (5-2-2) and smooth being connected of link (6-1-2), little deceleration box (7-3-2) can be grown worm screw (5-2-2) and be the smooth rotation of axle, stretch out in the little deceleration box (7-3-2) and the smooth screw-in long nut (2-2-2) from the upper end of long nut (2-2-2) lower end of long lead screw (2-1-2), the lower end of long nut (2-2-2) is by upper end smooth be connected of connecting axle (5-3-2) with auxilliary support bar (3-4), auxilliary support bar (3-3) and firm being fixed on the connecting plate (3-5) of auxilliary support bar (3-4), firm being fixed on the wall face of connecting plate (3-5).
9. high-power coaxial-driving multi-pivot synchronous supporting tracking collection solar power station according to claim 1 is characterized in that: driving shaft (17-2) can be simultaneously, synchronously, long worm screw (5-2-1) of drive in the same way and long worm screw (5-2-2) rotation are also passed through long worm screw (5-2-1), long worm screw (5-2-2), worm gear (16-3), worm gear (16-4), little deceleration box (7-3-1), little deceleration box (7-3-2), long lead screw (2-1-1), long nut (2-2-1), long lead screw (2-1-2), long nut (2-2-2), auxilliary support bar (3-3), auxilliary support bar (3-4), brace summer drives the axis while around the connecting axle that is connected bracing frame and main support rod of respectively organizing solar panel with bracing frame, synchronously, smooth rotation in the same way.
10. high-power coaxial-driving multi-pivot synchronous supporting tracking collection solar power station according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: every size correspondent equal of every size correspondent equal of worm gear (16-3) and worm gear (16-4) and long worm screw (5-2-1) and long worm screw (5-2-2), every size correspondent equal of every size correspondent equal of long lead screw (2-1-1) and long lead screw (2-1-2) and long nut (2-2-1) and long nut (2-2-2) is installed in the every size correspondent equal of spur gear on connecting axle of each group.
CN2010101179294A 2010-03-04 2010-03-04 High-power coaxial-driving multi-pivot synchronous supporting tracking lighting solar power station Expired - Fee Related CN101847950B (en)

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US6483093B1 (en) * 1999-11-24 2002-11-19 Honda Giken Kogyo Kabushiki Kaisha Solar generator system
JP2007212116A (en) * 2006-02-06 2007-08-23 Sysco:Kk Rack device driving multiple panels
CN101499744A (en) * 2009-02-23 2009-08-05 北京印刷学院 Gear rod transmitting two-dimensional solar energy automatic tracing apparatus based on reciprocating movement
CN101521479A (en) * 2009-02-21 2009-09-02 张晋 Worm wheel connecting rod driven planar solar autotracker based on reciprocation
CN101630928A (en) * 2009-03-18 2010-01-20 张晋 Automatic tracking device capable of synchronously tracking sunlight with link drive group based on running tracks of earth and sun

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US6483093B1 (en) * 1999-11-24 2002-11-19 Honda Giken Kogyo Kabushiki Kaisha Solar generator system
JP2007212116A (en) * 2006-02-06 2007-08-23 Sysco:Kk Rack device driving multiple panels
CN101521479A (en) * 2009-02-21 2009-09-02 张晋 Worm wheel connecting rod driven planar solar autotracker based on reciprocation
CN101499744A (en) * 2009-02-23 2009-08-05 北京印刷学院 Gear rod transmitting two-dimensional solar energy automatic tracing apparatus based on reciprocating movement
CN101630928A (en) * 2009-03-18 2010-01-20 张晋 Automatic tracking device capable of synchronously tracking sunlight with link drive group based on running tracks of earth and sun

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