CN101846335A - High-efficiency cooking and heating furnace - Google Patents

High-efficiency cooking and heating furnace Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101846335A
CN101846335A CN 201010119133 CN201010119133A CN101846335A CN 101846335 A CN101846335 A CN 101846335A CN 201010119133 CN201010119133 CN 201010119133 CN 201010119133 A CN201010119133 A CN 201010119133A CN 101846335 A CN101846335 A CN 101846335A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
flue
water
water jacket
furnace
fire
Prior art date
Application number
CN 201010119133
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张维平
Original Assignee
张维平
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to CN200910143816.9 priority Critical
Application filed by 张维平 filed Critical 张维平
Priority to CN 201010119133 priority patent/CN101846335A/en
Publication of CN101846335A publication Critical patent/CN101846335A/en

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Abstract

The invention discloses a high-efficiency cooking and heating furnace which comprises a water jacket furnace body provided with a cooking port and a communicated water jacket flue at one side of the water jacket furnace body. A heat exchanging body of which the upper notch is communicated with an upper water jacket in a sealed mode is suspended on the upper wall of the water jacket flue at intervals, and a smoke outlet is installed at the front end of the water jacket flue. A water inlet and a water outlet are respectively installed on the water jacket furnace body and the water jacket flue, wherein the water outlet is adjacent to the counter-fire end of the heat exchanging body near a fire inlet of the flue. The high-efficiency cooking and heating furnace having the structure enables a water flow inside the heat exchanging body to rapidly exchange heat with the heat energy of the flue; the preferred heat exchanging body is a strip groove-shaped heat exchanging body, the back-fire end of the strip groove-shaped heat exchanging body is wider than the counter-fire end, and the strip groove-shaped heat exchanging body can enhance the sandwiched heat energy division heat exchanging capability of the flue. A water supply channel which connects the water outlet to the front end direction of the flue is arranged on the upper part of the water jacket flue, which facilitates cooking and installation.

Description

High-efficiency cooking and heating furnace
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind ofly drive heating supply and conveniently do the cooking and heating furnace of cooking a meal, especially can satisfy heating supply, conveniently do and cook a meal, can utilize flue to discharge heat again, give the cooking and heating furnace of heated kang heat supply.
Background technology:
According to the overall less characteristic of northern heated kang draft, early stage heating stove such as the 98244382.x that produces of the applicant, adopted to hang at interval and established vertical monomer heat-conducting plate,, avoided the heat exchange body dust stratification problem to occur to reduce the heat exchange smoke evacuation resistance of heating stove at water jacket flue inwall.But, just make the height of monomer heat-conducting plate select to be restricted because the extension and the heat transfer efficiency of monomer heat-conducting plate lower end are inversely proportional to.
The applicant is in 02229830.4 patent document, disclose at water jacket flue inwall and hung the technical scheme of establishing double-layer water jacket body heat-conducting plate at interval, effectively promoted the whole exchange capability of heat of flue inside, but because the delivery port on water jacket flue top near the back of the body fire end of double-layer water jacket body heat-conducting plate, has occurred advancing the discharge current of burner end to the low temperature outlet side flow direction of flue by the high temperature of flue with regard to making flue upper water cover.Because having hindered, the rising water body of double-layer water jacket body counter-fire end replenishes the passage that supplies water downwards, and flue upper strata water jacket can form a reverse angle with above-mentioned discharge current to the additional water supply that flue advances the burner extreme direction, forms the water body gasification with regard to radiation, the Convective Heat Transfer that makes double-layer water jacket body counter-fire end easily because of being difficult to obtain replenishing fast of current.
Summary of the invention
The technical problem to be solved in the present invention provides a kind of water body and can flow fast to the counter-fire end at the back of the body fire end near heat exchange body inside, and flue internal flame and heat exchange body water flow inside realize cutting apart fast the high-efficiency cooking and heating furnace of heat exchange.
For addressing the above problem, the present invention has adopted a kind of like this high-efficiency cooking and heating furnace: it comprises leaving does the water jacket flue that the water jacket furnace of cooking a meal mouthful and one side are communicated with; Upper wall hangs at interval and establishes the heat exchange body that its upper end notch is communicated with the sealing of flue water jacket in this water jacket flue; Water jacket flue leading portion is provided with exhaust opening; Be respectively equipped with water inlet and delivery port on this water jacket furnace and the water jacket flue; The position of this water jacket flue delivery port is near near the counter-fire end of this heat exchange body flue advances burner.
Adopt near near the counter-fire end of heat exchange body flue advances burner and set out the mouth of a river, make flue upper water cover occur advancing the current that the burner end flows to flue, and the counter-fire end of heat exchange body reaches the different water body proportions that cause because of different temperatures with its corresponding back of the body fire end inside, can accelerate sinking to along notch near heat exchange body back of the body fire end to the current that temperature end flows to by low-temperature space in the water jacket of flue upper strata, the rising of when flowing to the counter-fire end, being heated, form the following current pressurized water supply of upper strata water jacket and heat exchange body, what promoted its inner water body and flue hot-fluid cuts apart exchange capability of heat fast.
As a further improvement on the present invention, in the water jacket of the side of water jacket flue and water jacket furnace, be provided with and below flue, vertically extend to the water jacket roof and connect the water conservancy diversion partition panel that extends forward along flue sidewall, the elongated end forward of this water conservancy diversion partition panel and pairing water-jacket outer wall leave water flowing at interval, leave water flowing at interval to the roof elongated end in furnace water jacket one side and flue upper strata water jacket, this water conservancy diversion partition panel and inside and outside water jacket wallboard join.Adopt this structure, can suitably increase the water resistance that of furnace water jacket, increase the pressure of supply water of flue front end, make water body in water jacket flue and water jacket furnace, realize the balance heat exchange.
As preferred this heat exchange body of the present invention, be that plan view shape is a strip flute profile heat exchange body, this strip flute profile heat exchange body has improved water velocity because of having reduced the circulating resistance of internal flow, shunk the cell body width, and then the clip type that has strengthened hot-fluid and water body washes away exchange capability of heat.The back of the body fire end of further improved strip flute profile heat exchange body is wider than pairing counter-fire end, width was suitable before and after this just made the monnolithic case of strip flute profile heat exchange body spaced apart and pairing flue position, thereby the external body that guarantees each strip flute profile heat exchange body is consistent, helps the standardized production of product.
As a further improvement on the present invention,, be provided with the water channel that connects delivery port extreme direction to the water jacket flue, be provided with water supply interface at the front end of water channel, so that the close body of heater outer end of the system pipeline that is connected with body of heater on the top of water jacket flue.Make to do and cook a meal and pipeline is installed more convenient.
Description of drawings
Be described in further detail below in conjunction with accompanying drawing and embodiments of the present invention
Fig. 1 is the signal half sectional view of high-efficiency cooking and heating furnace of the present invention
Fig. 2 is first kind of embodiment partial schematic sectional view
Fig. 3 is second kind of embodiment partial schematic sectional view
The specific embodiment
By high-efficiency cooking and heating furnace shown in Figure 1, adopted the water jacket furnace 1 that has refractory lining 3; This water jacket furnace 1 top is left does and cooks a meal mouthfuls 4, and both can be the uncovered of body of heater 1 upper end and sealed mutually with having the stone or metal plate for standing a stove on as a precaution against fire 11 of doing the mouth 4 of cooking a meal, also can be on the heat exchange aspect 13 on body of heater 1 top, to reserve.This heat exchange aspect 13 both can be the water jacket body that is communicated with body of heater 1 water jacket, also can be the veneer body that is connected with body of heater 1 inwall.Do the mouth 4 of cooking a meal and be provided with bell 14; Body of heater 1 bottom is provided with grate 17; This water jacket furnace 1 upper end one side is provided with water jacket flue 5 and coupled logical.Certainly, the upper strata water jacket of this water jacket flue 5 also can extend to the whole upper end of water jacket furnace 1, and is communicated with it.Formation has the water jacket body stone or metal plate for standing a stove on as a precaution against fire 11 of doing the mouth 4 of cooking a meal.At water jacket flue 5 front ends, be provided with the exhaust opening 6 that is connected with heated kang or chimney; Certainly, above-mentioned two exhaust openings also can be set up simultaneously.Constitute the upper and lower inside panel of water jacket flue, 7,10 can be two platysomes, also can be other suitable geometrical shaped body.In water jacket flue 5 inside, along the uncovered grooved heat carrier 8 in wainscot 7 some upper ends spaced apart, its upper end is uncovered corresponding with the opening on the wainscot 7, and is tightly connected in uncovered outer.Be provided with water inlet 2 in the bottom of water jacket furnace 1, this flue upper water is enclosed near near the counter-fire end of heat exchange body 8 flue advances burner 15 and is provided with delivery port 12, circulates with construction system.Delivery port 12 is located near near the counter-fire end of heat exchange body 8 flue advances burner 15, can make flue upper water cover occur advancing the current that burner 15 ends flow to flue, and the counter-fire end of heat exchange body 8 reaches the different water body proportions that cause because of different temperatures with its its inside of corresponding back of the body fire end, can accelerate sinking to along notch near heat exchange body 8 back of the body fire ends to the current that temperature end flows to by low-temperature space in the flue water jacket of upper strata, the rising of being heated when flowing to the counter-fire end forms the following current pressurized water supply of this upper strata flue water jacket and heat exchange body 8.
In first kind of embodiment shown in Figure 2, in the water jacket samdwich of the side of water jacket flue and water jacket furnace, be provided with water conservancy diversion partition panel 9, elongated end and flue upper strata inside panel 7 is equal substantially and leave water flowing at interval with flue water jacket front end exterior panel forward along flue sidewall for it; The vertical top of this water conservancy diversion partition panel 9 and the upper strata exterior panel of flue water jacket join and reserve water flowing that body of heater side water jacket flows to flue upper strata water jacket at interval, with the water outlet direction that changes body of heater side water jacket, increase and water resistance, restriction water yield.This vertical plate lower end can suitably be extended downwards along body of heater side water jacket, to tackle the front end that more current lead to water jacket flue 5, increases the pressure of supply water of flue front end.This water conservancy diversion partition panel 9 joins with inside and outside wallboard in water jacket layer.Certainly, this water conservancy diversion partition panel 9 extending forward on flue sidewall also can keep angle upwards, can make water body realize the balance heat exchange equally in water jacket flue 5 and water jacket furnace 1.Strip flute profile heat exchange body 8 is set on inside panel on the flue 7, then can reduces the circulating resistance of heat exchange body 8 internal flows, improve water velocity, and then shrink the width of heat exchange body, the clip type that strengthens hot-fluid and water body washes away exchange capability of heat.The side view of this heat exchange body 8 can be irregular trapezoidal, rectangle or other suitable shape.The selection of himself width will and highly adapt with self length.For the installation that makes things convenient for system with do and cook a meal, be provided with the water channel 16 of linking up delivery port 12 on the top of water jacket flue 5, be provided with water supply interface 22 at the front end of water channel 16.These water channel 16 cross sections can be rectangle, semicircle or other suitable shape.Certainly, horizontal water channel 16 also can be set and be connected at flue upper strata water jacket front end with water channel 16 longitudinally, and be provided with water supply interface 22 in the horizontal end of water channel 16, the water channel 16 of She Zhiing like this, can make upper of furnace body clean and tidy, the water outlet connecting leg can not placed cooker and cause obstacle.
The second kind of embodiment shown in Fig. 3 and the difference of first kind of embodiment only are that the width of these strip flute profile heat exchange body 8 back of the body fire ends is greater than pairing counter-fire end.As arranging this heat exchange body 8 by wide heat exchange air-flow, the back of the body fire end of its monnolithic case is wider than pairing counter-fire end, just in time matches less than the flue inner width with the fire door that is provided with refractory lining 3.And flame is to the setting of flue sidewall shunting, can also avoid flue gas stream isolated by both sides furnace lining 3 and can't wash away flue sidewall, helps the whole balanced heat exchange of flue.
The present invention is not limited to the structure of Fig. 1 to embodiment shown in Figure 3: the shape of heat exchange body 8 also can be selected other suitable geometrical shaped body.

Claims (5)

1. high-efficiency cooking and heating furnace comprises leaving and does the water jacket flue (5) that the water jacket furnace (1) of cooking a meal mouthful and one side are communicated with; Upper wall (7) hangs at interval and establishes the heat exchange body (8) that its upper end notch is communicated with the sealing of flue water jacket in this water jacket flue; Water jacket flue (5) front end is provided with exhaust opening (6); This water jacket furnace (1) and water jacket flue (5) top are respectively equipped with water inlet (2) and delivery port (12); It is characterized in that: the position of described water jacket flue (5) delivery port (12) is near near the counter-fire end of this heat exchange body (8) flue advances burner (15).
2. by the described high-efficiency cooking and heating furnace of claim 1, it is characterized in that: in the side water jacket of described water jacket flue (5) and water jacket furnace (1), be provided with and below flue, vertically extend to the water jacket roof and connect the water conservancy diversion partition panel (9) that extends forward along flue sidewall, the elongated end forward of this water conservancy diversion partition panel (9) and pairing water-jacket outer wall leave water flowing at interval, leave water flowing at interval to the roof elongated end in furnace water jacket one side and flue upper strata water jacket, this water conservancy diversion partition panel (9) joins with inside and outside water jacket wallboard.
3. by the described high-efficiency cooking and heating furnace of claim 2, it is characterized in that: described heat exchange body (8) is that plan view shape is the flute profile heat exchange body of strip.
4. by the described high-efficiency cooking and heating furnace of claim 3, it is characterized in that: the back of the body fire end of described strip flute profile heat exchange body (8) is wider than pairing counter-fire end.
5. by each described high-efficiency cooking and heating furnace in the claim 1 to 4, it is characterized in that:, be provided with the water channel (16) of connection delivery port (12) to the preceding extreme direction of water jacket flue (5) on the top of described water jacket flue (5); Front end at this water channel (16) is provided with water supply interface (22).
CN 201010119133 2009-05-31 2010-03-08 High-efficiency cooking and heating furnace CN101846335A (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN200910143816.9 2009-05-31
CN 201010119133 CN101846335A (en) 2009-05-31 2010-03-08 High-efficiency cooking and heating furnace

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201010119133 CN101846335A (en) 2009-05-31 2010-03-08 High-efficiency cooking and heating furnace

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN101846335A true CN101846335A (en) 2010-09-29

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104776485A (en) * 2015-05-01 2015-07-15 尹全权 Temperature equalizer for heated brick bed

Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB2151771A (en) * 1983-12-21 1985-07-24 Fergus Yuen Tung Liu Cooking apparatus
FR2596855A1 (en) * 1986-04-02 1987-10-09 Peeroo Roukshana Multi-purpose economical stove capable of using various energy sources
CN2339890Y (en) * 1998-09-30 1999-09-22 张维平 Efficient energy-saving water heating stove
CN2521512Y (en) * 2001-12-11 2002-11-20 张连勇 Energy-saving hot water warming stove
CN2530179Y (en) * 2001-08-10 2003-01-08 张维平 High efficiency energy saving water heating boiler
CN201083400Y (en) * 2007-05-24 2008-07-09 张维平 Heating stove for a heating brick bed
CN201706537U (en) * 2009-05-31 2011-01-12 张维平 High-efficient cooking and heating furnace

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB2151771A (en) * 1983-12-21 1985-07-24 Fergus Yuen Tung Liu Cooking apparatus
FR2596855A1 (en) * 1986-04-02 1987-10-09 Peeroo Roukshana Multi-purpose economical stove capable of using various energy sources
CN2339890Y (en) * 1998-09-30 1999-09-22 张维平 Efficient energy-saving water heating stove
CN2530179Y (en) * 2001-08-10 2003-01-08 张维平 High efficiency energy saving water heating boiler
CN2521512Y (en) * 2001-12-11 2002-11-20 张连勇 Energy-saving hot water warming stove
CN201083400Y (en) * 2007-05-24 2008-07-09 张维平 Heating stove for a heating brick bed
CN201706537U (en) * 2009-05-31 2011-01-12 张维平 High-efficient cooking and heating furnace

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104776485A (en) * 2015-05-01 2015-07-15 尹全权 Temperature equalizer for heated brick bed

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Open date: 20100929