CN101832540A - Biomass energy continuous steam supply numerical control normal pressure boiler - Google Patents

Biomass energy continuous steam supply numerical control normal pressure boiler Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101832540A
CN101832540A CN201010169978A CN201010169978A CN101832540A CN 101832540 A CN101832540 A CN 101832540A CN 201010169978 A CN201010169978 A CN 201010169978A CN 201010169978 A CN201010169978 A CN 201010169978A CN 101832540 A CN101832540 A CN 101832540A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
heater
auxilliary
boiler
water tank
normal pressure
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CN201010169978A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN101832540B (en
Inventor
高海华
苏树森
高睿
杜戈
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河南巨烽生物能源开发有限公司
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Priority to CN2010101699782A priority Critical patent/CN101832540B/en
Publication of CN101832540A publication Critical patent/CN101832540A/en
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Publication of CN101832540B publication Critical patent/CN101832540B/en

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Abstract

The invention relates to a biomass energy continuous steam supply numerical control normal pressure boiler, which comprises an automatic feeding device and a boiler body assembly connected with the automatic feeding device, wherein the automatic feeding device comprises a feed box bracket, a feed box fixedly arranged on the feed box bracket, a stirrer arranged inside the feed box, a conveying barrel arranged at the bottom of the feed box and communicated with the feed box through a feeding hole, and a pusher main shaft arranged inside the conveying barrel and provided with a motor; and the boiler body assembly comprises a main boiler body, a first auxiliary boiler body communicated with the main boiler body through a first firework pipe, a second auxiliary boiler body communicated with the first auxiliary boiler body through a second firework pipe, an exhaust port communicated with the second auxiliary boiler body and a water jacket arranged outside the first auxiliary boiler body. The boiler enlarges the absorption area of the boiler body on heat in firework, improves the thermal conversion efficiency by 30 to 40 percent compared with a traditional boiler at market, realizes low-temperature discharge of smoke waste heat at the temperature of below 200 DEG C at the exhaust port, improves the utilization rate of heat, and does not need a fireman to look after for long time so as to relieve the manpower intensity.

Description

Biomass energy continuous steam supply numerical control normal pressure boiler

Technical field

The present invention relates to the biomass energy source domain, specifically relate to a kind of living beings of using and act as a fuel, can realize automatic feed and add the biomass energy continuous steam supply numerical control normal pressure boiler of water according to the water level inductive switch automatically for body of heater.

Background technology

The existing normal pressure steam supply of existing market boiler is many to be made of body of heater, water jacket, burner hearth and chimney, the heat that water jacket, body of heater can utilize coal burning to produce can produce steam, its weak point is that this boiler is when operation, the flame of burner hearth is directly to rise, from chimney, discharge, its stack temperature is more than 400 ℃, heat-energy losses is more, the deficiency of its pot maximum is continuously a steam supply, only be confined to the volume evaporation of autophage water tank, moisturizing continuously in gas generation process more can not the long-time continuous steam supply.Refuelling also need manually work without cessation, time-consuming, take a lot of work, efficient is low.

Summary of the invention

The objective of the invention is to overcome the deficiencies in the prior art, provide a kind of automaticity height, simple in structure, pollution-free, cost is low, energy-conserving and environment-protective, biomass energy continuous steam supply numerical control normal pressure boiler that energy conversion ratio is high.

The scheme that the present invention solves its technology is achieved in that a kind of biomass energy continuous steam supply numerical control normal pressure boiler, comprise automatic feeding device, and the body of heater assembly that is connected with automatic feeding device, described automatic feeding device comprises the hopper support, be fixedly mounted on the hopper on the hopper support, be arranged on hopper inside agitator, be arranged on hopper bottom by feed opening be connected with hopper transport tube, be installed in the pusher main shaft that has motor of transport tube inside, the agitator drive wherein is installed on the agitator, the pusher driving wheel is installed on the pusher main shaft, and the agitator drive is connected by the V-belt with the pusher driving wheel;

Described body of heater assembly comprises main furnace body, an auxilliary body of heater that is connected with main furnace body by the first pyrotechnics pipe, assist the two auxilliary bodies of heater that body of heater is connected by the second pyrotechnics Guan Yuyi, exhaust opening that is connected with two auxilliary bodies of heater and the water jacket that is installed in an auxilliary body of heater outside, wherein main furnace body inside is provided with the burner hearth that is connected with transport tube, upper furnace is provided with the consumption water tank, consuming water tank is connected with water jacket by the hot water conveying pipe, water jacket is connected with the endothermic water tank who is installed in two auxilliary body of heater inside by water pipe in parallel, endothermic water tank inside is provided with endothermic tube through the fire, and endothermic tube through the fire is connected with exhaust opening.

The position that agitator stretches into hopper is equipped with the long tooth of stirring and two short teeth of stirring, and agitator is rack-mount by the agitator bearing, and support is fixed on the transport tube, and hopper is fixedly mounted on the transport tube by ring flange.

Described burner hearth is connected with transport tube by the auto feed mouth, also offer manual charge door on the burner hearth, manually charge door top is provided with the burner hearth flame-observing hole, burner hearth inside is provided with and consumes the heat-absorbing water pipe that water tank is connected, burner hearth bottom is provided with fire grate, Dust Storage Room is connected with burner hearth by fire grate, offers the ash discharge oxygenation port on the Dust Storage Room.

On the described consumption water tank thermometer is installed, thermometer one side is provided with water level sensor, consumes to be equipped with on the water tank to consume the water tank liquid level gauge, and the gas outlet is opened in the consume water box top, and gas outlet one side is equipped with safety valve.

Offer automatic exhaust steam valve on the water jacket at described one auxilliary body of heater top, an auxilliary bottom of furnace body is provided with an auxilliary body of heater Dust Storage Room, offers an auxilliary body of heater ash hole on the auxilliary body of heater Dust Storage Room.

Described two auxilliary bottom of furnace body are provided with anti-burning switch room, and the anti-bottom, switch room of burning is provided with two auxilliary body of heater Dust Storage Rooms, offers two auxilliary body of heater ash holes on the two auxilliary body of heater Dust Storage Rooms.

Described endothermic water tank top is provided with endothermic water tank's safety valve, also is equipped with on the endothermic water tank to wash the boiler liquid level gauge, and filler pipe is connected with the endothermic water tank, and the automatic check valve of inlet valve and electronics is installed on the filler pipe.

Described hopper is provided with speed-regulating switch, is connected with circumscripted power line on the speed-regulating switch.

The pusher main shaft is installed in transport tube inside by the propeller bearing, and the pusher main shaft is provided with the screw propulsion sheet.

Offer the auto feed observation panel on the described transport tube.

The present invention has following good effect: the present invention is simple and reasonable, and heat energy utilization rate height, soot emissions are low, and it is big to be suitable for market.

Description of drawings

Fig. 1 is a structural representation of the present invention.

Fig. 2 is a stereogram of the present invention.

Fig. 3 is a front view of the present invention.

Fig. 4 is a vertical view of the present invention.

Fig. 5 is a left view of the present invention.

The specific embodiment

As Fig. 1,2,3,4, shown in 5, a kind of biomass energy continuous steam supply numerical control normal pressure boiler, comprise automatic feeding device, and the body of heater assembly that is connected with automatic feeding device, described automatic feeding device comprises hopper support 45, be fixedly mounted on the hopper 30 on the hopper support 45, be arranged on hopper 30 inside agitator 31, be arranged on hopper 30 bottoms by feed opening 37 be connected with hopper transport tube 39, be installed in the pusher main shaft 42 that has motor 41 of transport tube 39 inside, wherein on the agitator 31 agitator drive 46 is installed, pusher driving wheel 43 is installed on the pusher main shaft 42, and agitator drive 46 is connected by V-belt 44 with pusher driving wheel 43; Described body of heater assembly comprises main furnace body 25, an auxilliary body of heater 3 that is connected with main furnace body 25 by the first pyrotechnics pipe 9, assist the two auxilliary bodies of heater 4 that body of heater 3 is connected by the second pyrotechnics pipe 55 and, exhaust opening 1 that is connected with two auxilliary bodies of heater 4 and the water jacket 7 that is installed in auxilliary body of heater 3 outsides, wherein main furnace body 25 inside are provided with the burner hearth 18 that is connected with transport tube 39, burner hearth 18 tops are provided with and consume water tank 22, consuming water tank 22 is connected with water jacket 7 by hot water conveying pipe 28, water jacket 7 is connected with the endothermic water tank 47 who is installed in two auxilliary body of heater 4 inside by water pipe 8 in parallel, endothermic water tank 47 inside are provided with endothermic tube through the fire 5, and endothermic tube through the fire 5 is connected with exhaust opening 1.

Shown in Fig. 1,2,3,4,5, the position that agitator 31 stretches into hopper 30 is equipped with the long tooth 34 of stirring and two short teeth 32 of stirring, agitator 31 is installed on the support 35 by agitator bearing 33, support 35 is fixed on the transport tube 39, and hopper 30 is fixedly mounted on the transport tube 39 by ring flange 36.Described burner hearth 18 is connected with transport tube 39 by auto feed mouth 17, also offer manual charge door 19 on the burner hearth 18, manually charge door 19 tops are provided with burner hearth flame-observing hole 21, burner hearth 18 inside are provided with and consume the heat-absorbing water pipe 20 that water tank 22 is connected, burner hearth 18 bottoms are provided with fire grate 16, Dust Storage Room 14 is connected with burner hearth 18 by fire grate 16, offers ash discharge oxygenation port 15 on the Dust Storage Room 14.On the described consumption water tank 22 thermometer 23 is installed, thermometer 23 1 sides are provided with water level sensor 24, consume to be equipped with on the water tank 22 to consume water tank liquid level gauge 53, and gas outlet 26 is opened in the consume water box top, and gas outlet 26 1 sides are equipped with safety valve 27.

Shown in Fig. 1,2,3,4,5, offer automatic exhaust steam valve 29, one auxilliary body of heater 3 bottoms on the water jacket 7 at described one auxilliary body of heater 3 tops and be provided with on auxilliary body of heater Dust Storage Room 49, the one auxilliary body of heater Dust Storage Rooms 49 and offer an auxilliary body of heater ash hole 13.Described two auxilliary body of heater 4 bottoms are provided with anti-burning switch room 10, and counter 10 bottoms, switch room of burning are provided with on two auxilliary body of heater Dust Storage Rooms 56, the two auxilliary body of heater Dust Storage Rooms 56 and offer two auxilliary body of heater ash holes 52.Described endothermic water tank 47 tops are provided with endothermic water tank's safety valve 2, also are equipped with on the endothermic water tank 47 and wash boiler liquid level gauge 6, and filler pipe 54 is connected with endothermic water tank 47, and the automatic check valve 12 of inlet valve 11 and electronics is installed on the filler pipe 54.Described hopper 30 is provided with speed-regulating switch 48, is connected with circumscripted power line 51 on the speed-regulating switch 48.Pusher main shaft 42 is installed in transport tube 39 inside by propeller bearing 40, and pusher main shaft 42 is provided with screw propulsion sheet 38.Offer auto feed observation panel 50 on the described transport tube 39.

When the present invention moves, by filler pipe the water jacket of this furnace system is added to assigned address, at main body burner hearth point biomass-burning, the starting automatic feeding device carries for the steam generator system statistic continuously, and through the chimney natural air exhaust, boiler brings into operation.The hopper of automatic feeding device is filled it up with living beings, and after the living beings in the main body stove burner hearth were lighted, the starting automatic feeding device utilized speed-regulating switch to adjust to boiler and carries living beings speed, reached optimal transport amount and abundant fired state.

The burner hearth secondary oxygenation of main body stove is given in the space that utilizes main body stove auto feed mouth naturally, living beings utilize the chimney of system to be evacuated to an auxilliary burner hearth of the furnace body in the utilization of main body burner hearth after-flame, heat absorption utilizes the back waste heat to enter two auxilliary bottom of furnace body, being evacuated to exhaust opening through two auxilliary body of heater endothermic tubes through the fire discharges through chimney, the present invention adopts closed anti-burning principle, make the volatile ingredient (combustible) in the living beings fully transform the back gasification, and combustion, have in the system hot fast, the advantage that the flame calorific value is high, nearly 1300 ℃ of its flame of centre, adopt three backhaul heat utilizations, prolonged the mobile distance of pyrotechnics, improved the absorption area of body of heater to heat energy in the pyrotechnics, improved 30%-40% than market conventional boiler thermal conversion efficiency, realized that exhaust opening fume afterheat temperature is less than 200 ℃ discharged at lower temperature, greatly reduce the biomass thermal loss of energy, improved the utilization rate of heat energy.

On probation through several test and client, smoke discharge amount is lower than national standard.The present invention is through burning, absorb heat and utilizing system's operation, the beginning steam supply, drop to and consume the water tank liquid level gauge in half along with consume cistern water level with vapour, the water level inductive switch is opened the automatic one-way cock of electronics on the water inlet pipe automatically, utilize the pressure of running water to be the boiler automatic water supplement, utilize inlet valve control flow of inlet water, reach the vapor flow rate water and equate with refill flow.The present invention does not need the fireman to keep an eye on for a long time normally in service, has alleviated manpower labour intensity.

Claims (10)

1. biomass energy continuous steam supply numerical control normal pressure boiler, comprise automatic feeding device, and the body of heater assembly that is connected with automatic feeding device, it is characterized in that: described automatic feeding device comprises hopper support (45), be fixedly mounted on the hopper (30) on the hopper support (45), be arranged on hopper (30) inner agitator (31), be arranged on hopper (30) bottom by feed opening (37) be connected with hopper transport tube (39), be installed in the inner pusher main shaft (42) that has motor (41) of transport tube (39), wherein on the agitator (31) agitator drive (46) is installed, pusher driving wheel (43) is installed on the pusher main shaft (42), and agitator drive (46) is connected by V-belt (44) with pusher driving wheel (43);
Described body of heater assembly comprises main furnace body (25), an auxilliary body of heater (3) that is connected with main furnace body (25) by the first pyrotechnics pipe (9), assist the two auxilliary bodies of heater (4) that body of heater (3) is connected by the second pyrotechnics pipe (55) and, exhaust opening (1) that is connected with two auxilliary bodies of heater (4) and the water jacket (7) that is installed in auxilliary body of heater (a 3) outside, wherein main furnace body (25) inside is provided with the burner hearth (18) that is connected with transport tube (39), burner hearth (18) top is provided with and consumes water tank (22), consuming water tank (22) is connected with water jacket (7) by hot water conveying pipe (28), water jacket (7) is connected by water pipe in parallel (8) endothermic water tank (47) inner with being installed in two auxilliary bodies of heater (4), endothermic water tank (47) inside is provided with endothermic tube through the fire (5), and endothermic tube through the fire (5) is connected with exhaust opening (1).
2. biomass energy continuous steam supply numerical control normal pressure boiler according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the position that agitator (31) stretches into hopper (30) is equipped with stirring long tooth (34) and two short teeth (32) of stirring, agitator (31) is installed on the support (35) by agitator bearing (33), support (35) is fixed on the transport tube (39), and hopper (30) is fixedly mounted on the transport tube (39) by ring flange (36).
3. biomass energy continuous steam supply numerical control normal pressure boiler according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described burner hearth (18) is connected with transport tube (39) by auto feed mouth (17), also offer manual charge door (19) on the burner hearth (18), manually charge door (19) top is provided with burner hearth flame-observing hole (21), burner hearth (18) inside is provided with and consumes the heat-absorbing water pipe (20) that water tank (22) is connected, burner hearth (18) bottom is provided with fire grate (16), Dust Storage Room (14) is connected with burner hearth (18) by fire grate (16), offers ash discharge oxygenation port (15) on the Dust Storage Room (14).
4. biomass energy continuous steam supply numerical control normal pressure boiler according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: thermometer (23) is installed on the described consumption water tank (22), thermometer (23) one sides are provided with water level sensor (24), consume to be equipped with on the water tank (22) and consume water tank liquid level gauge (53), gas outlet (26) is opened in the consume water box top, and gas outlet (26) one sides are equipped with safety valve (27).
5. biomass energy continuous steam supply numerical control normal pressure boiler according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: offer automatic exhaust steam valve (29) on the water jacket (7) at described one auxilliary body of heater (3) top, one auxilliary body of heater (3) bottom is provided with an auxilliary body of heater Dust Storage Room (49), offers an auxilliary body of heater ash hole (13) on the auxilliary body of heater Dust Storage Room (49).
6. biomass energy continuous steam supply numerical control normal pressure boiler according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described two auxilliary body of heater (4) bottoms are provided with anti-burning switch room (10), the anti-bottom, switch room (10) of burning is provided with two auxilliary body of heater Dust Storage Rooms (56), offers two auxilliary body of heater ash holes (52) on the two auxilliary body of heater Dust Storage Rooms (56).
7. biomass energy continuous steam supply numerical control normal pressure boiler according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described endothermic water tank (47) top is provided with endothermic water tank's safety valve (2), also be equipped with on the endothermic water tank (47) and wash boiler liquid level gauge (6), filler pipe (54) is connected with endothermic water tank (47), and inlet valve (11) and the automatic check valve of electronics (12) are installed on the filler pipe (54).
8. biomass energy continuous steam supply numerical control normal pressure boiler according to claim 1 is characterized in that: described hopper (30) is provided with speed-regulating switch (48), is connected with circumscripted power line (51) on the speed-regulating switch (48).
9. biomass energy continuous steam supply numerical control normal pressure boiler according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: pusher main shaft (42) is installed in transport tube (39) inside by propeller bearing (40), and pusher main shaft (42) is provided with screw propulsion sheet (38).
10. biomass energy continuous steam supply numerical control normal pressure boiler according to claim 1 is characterized in that: offer auto feed observation panel (50) on the described transport tube (39).
CN2010101699782A 2010-05-12 2010-05-12 Biomass energy continuous steam supply numerical control normal pressure boiler CN101832540B (en)

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CN2010101699782A CN101832540B (en) 2010-05-12 2010-05-12 Biomass energy continuous steam supply numerical control normal pressure boiler

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2010101699782A CN101832540B (en) 2010-05-12 2010-05-12 Biomass energy continuous steam supply numerical control normal pressure boiler

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CN101832540B CN101832540B (en) 2012-05-23

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104180360A (en) * 2014-08-19 2014-12-03 灵璧县长城锅炉制造厂 Biomass steam generator
CN104406158A (en) * 2014-12-21 2015-03-11 云南华意科技有限公司 Biomass burning machine provided with tubular furnace hearth
CN104879736A (en) * 2015-05-18 2015-09-02 山东好帮环保科技有限公司 Heat transfer compounding integrated furnace for biomass burning
CN105805762A (en) * 2016-05-12 2016-07-27 周永林 Multifunctional efficient energy-saving dust-free boiler with dust self removal and biofuel self-production functions

Family Cites Families (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN86205888U (en) * 1986-08-02 1987-10-03 李广仁 Waterpipe scale remover of dual-grate retro-combustion domestic low-pressure boiler
CN86208213U (en) * 1986-10-27 1987-12-23 鞍山市沙河茶炉厂 Horizontal steam boiler with three cycling loops
CN201652309U (en) * 2010-05-12 2010-11-24 河南巨烽生物能源开发有限公司 Numerical control normal pressure boiler supplied by steam through biomass energy source

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104180360A (en) * 2014-08-19 2014-12-03 灵璧县长城锅炉制造厂 Biomass steam generator
CN104406158A (en) * 2014-12-21 2015-03-11 云南华意科技有限公司 Biomass burning machine provided with tubular furnace hearth
CN104406158B (en) * 2014-12-21 2016-08-24 云南华意科技有限公司 A kind of tubular type burner hearth biomass combustion machine
CN104879736A (en) * 2015-05-18 2015-09-02 山东好帮环保科技有限公司 Heat transfer compounding integrated furnace for biomass burning
CN105805762A (en) * 2016-05-12 2016-07-27 周永林 Multifunctional efficient energy-saving dust-free boiler with dust self removal and biofuel self-production functions

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Inventor after: Gao Haihua

Inventor after: Wu Tongjing

Inventor after: Wu Yanhong

Inventor after: Su Shusen

Inventor after: Gao Rui

Inventor after: Du Ge

Inventor before: Gao Haihua

Inventor before: Su Shusen

Inventor before: Gao Rui

Inventor before: Du Ge

COR Change of bibliographic data

Free format text: CORRECT: INVENTOR; FROM: GAO HAIHUA SU SHUSEN GAO RUI DU GE TO: GAO HAIHUA WU TONGJING WU YANHONG SU SHUSEN GAO RUI DU GE

PE01 Entry into force of the registration of the contract for pledge of patent right
PE01 Entry into force of the registration of the contract for pledge of patent right

Denomination of invention: Biomass energy continuous steam supply numerical control normal pressure boiler

Effective date of registration: 20171130

Granted publication date: 20120523

Pledgee: Puyang City Rural Credit Cooperatives

Pledgor: Henan Jufeng Bio-Energy Development Co., Ltd.

Registration number: 2017990001101