CN101824332B - Production equipment for comprehensively utilizing renewable energy resources of waste and old plastics, tires and waste engine oil - Google Patents

Production equipment for comprehensively utilizing renewable energy resources of waste and old plastics, tires and waste engine oil Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101824332B
CN101824332B CN2010101900127A CN201010190012A CN101824332B CN 101824332 B CN101824332 B CN 101824332B CN 2010101900127 A CN2010101900127 A CN 2010101900127A CN 201010190012 A CN201010190012 A CN 201010190012A CN 101824332 B CN101824332 B CN 101824332B
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China
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gas
oil
equipment
waste
water
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CN101824332A (en
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许文姬
李国声
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Southern China Renewable Resources (zhongshan) Co Ltd
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Southern China Renewable Resources (zhongshan) Co Ltd
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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C01INORGANIC CHEMISTRY
    • C01GCOMPOUNDS CONTAINING METALS NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C01D OR C01F
    • C01G1/00Methods of preparing compounds of metals not covered by subclasses C01B, C01C, C01D, or C01F, in general
    • C01G1/10Sulfates
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P20/00Technologies relating to chemical industry
    • Y02P20/10Process efficiency
    • Y02P20/129Energy recovery, e.g. by cogeneration, H2recovery or pressure recovery turbines
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P20/00Technologies relating to chemical industry
    • Y02P20/10Process efficiency
    • Y02P20/133Renewable energy sources, e.g. sunlight

Abstract

The invention discloses production equipment for comprehensively utilizing renewable energy resources of waste and old plastics, tires and waste engine oil, comprising main equipment, secondary equipment, tertiary equipment, a cracking furnace tail gas processing environment-friendly system, a reutilization system generating electric energy with combustible gases, a hot gas recovery system and an environmentally-friendly high-energy low-sulfur coal system which are matched mutually, thereby providing a complete set of the production equipment for comprehensively utilizing the renewable energy resources of the waste and old plastics, the tires and the waste engine oil. The equipment can relatively adequately utilize the renewable energy resources, circularly develops and utilizes slag and heat energy of water and gas, forms a circular environmentally-friendly production chain with considerable economical values and greatly changes the single function of the conventional equipment.

Description

Equipment is produced in the renewable energy resources comprehensive utilization of waste or used plastics, tire, used oil
Technical field
The present invention discloses a renewable energy resources comprehensive utilization of overlapping waste or used plastics, tire, used oil and produces equipment, and particularly this is equipped in all kinds of materials that produce in the omnidistance production process and directly by the interacted system of equipment all is remained the product that slags, gas, water etc. all cause tool to be worth than large economy.
Background technology
Sustainable development along with environment-protecting industrial, the essence of environmental protection treatment is used commercialization direction day by day, the renewable resource utilization of development waste or used plastics, tire, used oil also tends to ripe, but the current major part of these projects all is in single utilization and development, and the resultant product in the regeneration process is not carried out comprehensive thinking of recycle.For example: be example with single waste or used plastics, tire refining equipment, most equipment is not considered real tail gas environmental protection treatment substantially, do not consider the problem of hot gas recycling yet, handle gently to retouch light theory especially or place at all for the thick assorted black safety and environmental protection of residuum of oil refining and pay no attention to.At waste or used plastics, the inflammable gas (nontoxic gas) that tire oil refining produces, just melt down burning, but in tangible production, be two concepts when the time that produces gas with the combustion time that is used for pyrolyzer, it is basic in gas melts down this time of finishing to cracking of burning, the amount of flashing back of gas has only 2/3rds, remaining combustible gas just can only be discharged to the sky, from above-mentioned pointed environmental friendly regenerated equipment, still not environmental protection in fact, may cause the secondary pollution problem again, simultaneously the recycling resource that economic worth is arranged in a large number be wasted, a kind of defective really.Equipment is produced in renewable energy resources comprehensive utilization of the present invention, in general, include the cracking and catalyzing stove, this cracking and catalyzing stove is horizontally built-inly can revolve three-sixth turn along contrary, and be with the automated randomized wall type reactor of scraping, be the reactor wall scraper of mentioning in the application documents of CN201010148298.2 and CN201010147465.1 and a kind of horizontal waste or used plastics that is mated, tire pyrolysis stove as the applicant at the number of patent application of first to file; Simultaneously, the tail gas environmental protecting device system such as the applicant that are connected to of this cracking body of heater is the fuel-pyrolysis furnace exhaust gas treatment system of mentioning in the application documents of CN201010168879.2 at the number of patent application of first to file; And being provided with the water scrubber of setting up the double seal security device in order to ensure gas safe motion, concrete structure is mentioned in the application documents of CN200510037543.1 the contriver in first to file and the patent No. of having authorized; In addition, the type of heating of the distillation catalytic tower of using in this system device adopts the silicon controlled rectifier intermediate frequency heating method, and concrete structure is mentioned in the application documents of CN200510101143.2 in contriver affiliated company in first to file and the patent No. of having authorized; The concrete using method of using in this system device of environment-friendly and high-energy low sulphur coal system is mentioned in the number of patent application of first to file is the application documents of CN201010148172.5 the applicant.
Summary of the invention
The objective of the invention is to solve the defect problem of existing regeneration environmental protection device, and the production unit that the renewable resource that a whole set of waste or used plastics, tire, used oil are provided fully utilize, this equipment can utilize the renewable energy resources more fully, make slag, water, gas, heat energy cycle development utilization, formation has the environment-friendly cycle of considerable economic worth and produces chain, has changed the individual event function of existing weaponry and equipment greatly.
For achieving the above object, the present invention has adopted following technical proposals:
Equipment is produced in the comprehensive utilization of the renewable energy resources of this waste or used plastics, tire, used oil, comprises recycling system, hot gas recovery system and the environment-friendly and high-energy low sulphur coal system of the main equipment that cooperatively interacts, second stage device, third stage device, pyrolyzer vent gas treatment environment friendly system, inflammable gas generating.
Wherein said main equipment comprises: be starting point by conveying belt, the petroleum products waste is transported to the air pressure type automatic feeding machine that is moved by rail, advance the cracking and catalyzing stove to carry out cracking and catalyzing raw material and obtain gas-oil mixture, this cracking and catalyzing furnace zone has scrapes the reactor of wall cutter having of an automated randomized setting, body of heater is connected to cracking tail gas environmental protecting device system simultaneously, with after level equipment produced in the oil gas wax oil separating tool first for gas wax oil separator conduct by the cracking and catalyzing stove in proper order, be connected with first step condenser again in turn, the hydrolock oil separator, the water seal security device, the hydrolock negative pressure device, the heavy oil carrying container, when gas-oil mixture enters the mixing oil carrying container through horizontal condenser, the inflammable gas of failing to liquefy enters in the vertical combustion gas and water scrubber thereupon), this water scrubber is set up the double seal security device, and inflammable gas enters the recycling system of inflammable gas generating after the water scrubber washing.
Described second stage device comprises the distillation catalytic tower, the distilland of this equipment comes from the mixing oil in the mixing oil carrying container in the main equipment, the type of heating of distillation catalytic tower adopts the silicon controlled rectifier intermediate frequency heating method, there is a frequency heating device to link to each other with the distillation catalytic tower, waste or used plastics oil after cracking, tire oil or used oil enter distillation tower and handle the back and enter vertical (type) condenser again through the water seal cut out according to the tangent line of the different gasification temperatures of various materials, enter bavin, gasoline carrying container.
Described third stage device is diesel oil refiner gasoline degumming equipment, this equipment is starting point by first step chemistry decarburization removal of impurities synthesizer, through floating device, dewaxing except carbon except the glue device, bavin in the device of the described second stage, the oil product in the gasoline carrying container enter this dewaxing except the glue device through input channel, this dewaxing is drum taper agitator except the glue device, be provided with in the agitator and stand to baffle plate, the bottom is provided with agitates the boiling device, stirs flow pattern and stirs to cut stream mode; The chemical agent of required interpolation is arranged in the additive container, and be divided into that chemical agent adds the district and alkaline liquid adds the district, useful thing after treatment is transported to dreg-liquid separator again, this machine filter order is from 200 order to 350 orders, the fluid of crossing after filtration is transported to the refining oil synthesis tank, the working forms of this jar separates cascade filtration, the first step is that reverse plus-pressure filters, the second stage is for forward filtering, the filtering layer of this secondary is provided with filtration medium carrying orifice plate, its filtration medium is the solid particulate thing, being filtered thing will add the chemical agent additive and place in the additive container, after gained oil product after the above processing is qualified on inspection, enter the oil depot storage area, the waste material that is produced by each refining stage simultaneously is delivered to environment-friendly and high-energy low sulphur coal system recycling by special transfer device, the waste gas that produces through each refining stage, useless flavor is discharged by sea water bath and charcoal filter through the dedicated vent pipes road.
Described decarburization removal of impurities synthesizer, except carbon floats device, dewaxing is got rid of pipeline and adopted the pressurized air force feed toward environment-friendly and high-energy low sulphur coal system except glue device lower end all connects waste residue, be provided with additive container at dreg-liquid separator equally between the refining oil synthesis tank.
Described pyrolyzer vent gas treatment environmental protecting device system links to each other with the smoke outlet of pyrocrack furnace, this system includes and is with multiple cascade gas exhaust duct, the venting port of this multiple cascade gas exhaust duct connects combustion chamber of furnace body, hot gas water surge chamber is equipped with in the centre, dual wet carbon granules strainer is equipped with in the surge chamber bottom, the other end connects double tower type wet type gas-solid separator, the gas-solid separator tail end is by pipe connection air inducing device, the lower end is by the rear section aqueduct of pipe connection air inducing device, aqueduct utilizes the pressure of air inducing device aqueous vapor to be pushed the chimney of equipment afterbody, chimney is made up of three parts, the bottom is the moisture separator of drum tank-like body, in for being used for the heat exchanger of gas phase separation, top is gas exhaust duct, alkaline water liquid spray thrower is equipped with at this pipeline middle part.
Described inflammable gas generating recycling system is connected in the gas pipeline in the main equipment, when special-purpose gas compressor is reduced to gas pressure 0.5MPA and plays first step combustion gas dehydration simultaneously, again gas is delivered to the special-purpose gas compressor in the second stage, this compressor is reduced to gas pressure 1MPA again when playing for the second time the combustion gas dehydration simultaneously, inflammable gas is delivered to the combustion gas storage vessel, holder is provided with two air outlets, an air outlet leads to the pyrocrack furnace of main equipment as the fuel of this stove, its gas is to send through the secondary decompression by method, decompression for the first time is through the pressure regulating equipment 0.4-0.5MPA that reduces pressure, and reduces to 0.1-0.2MPA through second pressure regulating equipment by 0.4-0.5MPA again and delivers to the burner hearth burning; Another air outlet leads to gaseous fuel generator (42), and its inflammable gas is to enter gaseous fuel generator after another pressure regulating equipment reduces pressure 0.1-0.5MPA again by method, and generator adopts the mode of mixing in the machinery.
Described hot gas recovery system is collected hot gas by the air-water interchanger by the red-hot gas that generator work operation produces, this air-water interchanger adopts the heat pipe heat-conducting, by heat pipe with the heat-transfer system of copper more than 1000 times heat conduction to recirculated water, hot water is delivered to the wind cabinet through heat pump, by the warm air output tube the above warm air of 120 degree is delivered to the drying plant utilization of environment-friendly and high-energy low sulphur coal system again by the wind cabinet, the generator warm air of the heat exchange of passing through after the heat exchanger cooling, is discharged through gas flue again.
Described thermal conductive pipe is some vacuum thermal pipes, be provided with the heat dissipation metal wheel at vacuum heat-conduction Guan Yiduan, between adjacent vacuum thermal pipe, be provided with cigarette water interlayer and thermal insulation layer, described air-water interchanger one end is provided with hot gas inlet tube and sourdine, the bottom is provided with carbon dust cleaning mouth, and be provided with Sewage outlet at the end that the hot gas inlet tube is set, and the circulating hot water pipe is in order to connect heat pump and air-water heat exchanger, what described heat exchanger was arranged at the air-water heat exchanger is oppositely arranged the Sewage outlet the other end, this heat exchanger upper and lower ends is provided with the circulating water outlet, the upper end is provided with the circulating water entrance, and this end links to each other with the wind cabinet by being provided with the circulating hot water pipe simultaneously.
Described environment-friendly and high-energy low sulphur coal system with in plastic waste, damaged tire, the oil refining process the i.e. thick black carbon recycling of the recrement that can not gasify, include the preaging device that thick carbon black is carried out ageing, handle through the heat steam treater again, the coarse carbon black that to handle is as major ingredient again, add the compatibility material therein, the compatibility material is raw coal, ferrocene, six methynes, four ammoniums, sodium hydroxide, unslaked lime and cakingagent, form coal-based material, wherein major ingredient shared weight percent in coal-based material is 45%-60%; Then coal-based material is made readymade coal, described thick carbon black is carried by ground screw feeder and carbon black input tape.
Thereby have following beneficial effect by this invention of technique scheme:
The individual event of existing installation is integrated, the single environmental protection production concept of existing relatively single technology, can effectively stop the secondary pollution that the residuum after environmental protection is produced causes soil and air ambient, or because the pollution that have more hazardness of single environmental protection mode before producing; System equipment of the present invention is one group of environment-friendly cycle production and recycling equipment, from primary environmental protection produce residue slag thing and obnoxious flavour, high-temperature gas remakes secondary environmental protection production recycling, the economic chain of real waste environmental protection production cycle can be played, the good beneficial effect of without sewage discharge, the discharging of no flue dust, the discharging of no room temperature, no noxious gas emission, ordorless, the discharging that has no irritating odor, low, the self-produced energy recycle of noise may be reached or reach.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is that the equipment overall diagram is produced in the renewable energy resources comprehensive utilization of this this waste or used plastics, tire, used oil.
Fig. 2 is the main body view of main equipment among Fig. 1.
Another view of main equipment among Fig. 3 Fig. 2.
Fig. 4 A is the sectional view of Fig. 1 reactor.
Fig. 4 B is the pyrolyzer figure that cooperates with Fig. 4 A.
Fig. 5 is diesel oil refiner gasoline degumming equipment figure for third stage device.
Fig. 6 is pyrolyzer vent gas treatment environmental protecting device system diagram.
Fig. 7 is chimney figure among Fig. 6.
Fig. 8 is hot gas recovery system figure.
Fig. 9 is inflammable gas generating recycling system diagram.
Figure 10 is environment-friendly and high-energy low sulphur coal system diagram.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing the present invention is made further instruction.
Extremely shown in Figure 10 as Fig. 1, equipment is produced in the comprehensive utilization of the renewable energy resources of this waste or used plastics, tire, used oil, comprises recycling system, hot gas recovery system and the environment-friendly and high-energy low sulphur coal system of the main equipment that cooperatively interacts, second stage device, three-pole device, pyrolyzer vent gas treatment environment friendly system, inflammable gas generating.
Wherein said main equipment comprises: be starting point by conveying belt 2, the petroleum products waste is transported to the air pressure type automatic feeding machine 1 that is moved by rail, advance cracking and catalyzing stove 3 to carry out cracking and catalyzing raw material and obtain gas-oil mixture, there is the reactor 5 of scraping wall cutter 4 having of an automated randomized setting in this cracking and catalyzing furnace zone, body of heater is connected to cracking tail gas environmental protecting device system simultaneously, with after level equipment produced in the oil gas wax oil separating tool first for gas wax oil separator 6 conducts by the cracking and catalyzing stove in proper order, be connected with first step condenser 7 again in turn, hydrolock oil separator 8, water seal security device 9, hydrolock negative pressure device 10, heavy oil carrying container 11, when gas-oil mixture enters mixing oil carrying container 13 through horizontal condenser 12, the inflammable gas of failing to liquefy enters in the vertical combustion gas and water scrubber 14 thereupon, this water scrubber is set up double seal security device 15, and inflammable gas enters the recycling system of inflammable gas generating after the water scrubber washing.
Described second stage device comprises distillation catalytic tower 16, the distilland of this equipment comes from the mixing oil in the mixing oil carrying container 13 in the main equipment, the type of heating of distillation catalytic tower adopts the silicon controlled rectifier intermediate frequency heating method, there is a frequency heating device 17 to link to each other with the distillation catalytic tower, waste or used plastics oil after cracking, tire oil or used oil enter distillation tower and handle the back and enter vertical (type) condenser 18 again through water seal cut out 19 according to the tangent line of the different gasification temperatures of various materials, enter bavin, gasoline carrying container 20.
Described third stage device is diesel oil refiner gasoline degumming equipment, this equipment is starting point by first step chemistry decarburization removal of impurities synthesizer 21, through floating device 22, dewaxing except carbon except glue device 23, bavin in the device of the described second stage, the oil product in the gasoline carrying container 11 enter this dewaxing except the glue device through input channel, this dewaxing is drum taper agitator except the glue device, stir to be provided with in the device and stand to baffle plate, the bottom is provided with agitates the boiling device, stirs flow pattern and stirs to cut stream mode; The chemical agent of required interpolation is arranged in the additive container 24, and be divided into that chemical agent adds the district and alkaline liquid adds the district, useful thing after treatment is transported to dreg-liquid separator 25 again, this machine filter order is from 200 order to 350 orders, the fluid of crossing after filtration is transported to refining oil synthesis tank 26, the working forms of this jar separates cascade filtration, the first step is that reverse plus-pressure filters, the second stage is for forward filtering, the filtering layer of this secondary is provided with filtration medium carrying orifice plate, its filtration medium is the solid particulate thing, being filtered thing will add the chemical agent additive and place in the additive container 24, after gained oil product after the above processing is qualified on inspection, enter the oil depot storage area, the waste material that is produced by each refining stage simultaneously is delivered to environment-friendly and high-energy low sulphur coal system recycling by special transfer device, the waste gas that produces through each refining stage, useless flavor is discharged by sea water bath and charcoal filter through the dedicated vent pipes road.
Described decarburization removal of impurities synthesizer 21, except carbon floats device 22, dewaxing is got rid of pipeline 49 and adopted pressurized air 50 force feeds toward environment-friendly and high-energy low sulphur coal system except glue device 23 lower ends all connect waste residue, be provided with additive container 24 at dreg-liquid separator equally between the refining oil synthesis tank 26.
Described pyrolyzer vent gas treatment environmental protecting device system links to each other with the smoke outlet of pyrocrack furnace, this system includes and is with multiple cascade gas exhaust duct 27, the venting port of this multiple cascade gas exhaust duct connects combustion chamber of furnace body, hot gas water surge chamber 28 is equipped with in the centre, dual wet carbon granules strainer 29 is equipped with in the surge chamber bottom, the other end connects double tower type wet type gas-solid separator 30, the gas-solid separator tail end is by pipe connection air inducing device 31, the gas-solid separator lower end is by the rear section aqueduct of pipe connection air inducing device, aqueduct utilizes the pressure of air inducing device aqueous vapor to be pushed the chimney 32 of equipment afterbody, chimney is made up of three parts, the bottom is the moisture separator 33 of drum tank-like body, in for being used for the heat exchanger 34 of gas phase separation, top is gas exhaust duct 35, alkaline water liquid spray thrower 36 is equipped with at this pipeline middle part.
Described inflammable gas generating recycling system is connected in the gas pipeline 37 in the main equipment, when special-purpose gas compressor is reduced to gas pressure 0.5MPA and plays first step combustion gas dehydration simultaneously, again gas is delivered to the special-purpose gas compressor 38 in the second stage, this compressor is reduced to gas pressure 1MPA again when playing for the second time the combustion gas dehydration simultaneously, inflammable gas is delivered to combustion gas storage vessel 39, holder is provided with two air outlets, an air outlet leads to the pyrocrack furnace of main equipment as the fuel of this stove, its gas is to send through the secondary decompression by method, decompression for the first time is to arrive 0.4-0.5MPA through pressure regulating equipment 40 decompressions, reduces to 0.1-0.2MPA through second pressure regulating equipment 41 by 0.4-0.5MPA again and delivers to the burner hearth burning; Another air outlet leads to gaseous fuel generator 42, and its inflammable gas is to enter gaseous fuel generator after another pressure regulating equipment reduces pressure 0.1-0.5MPA again by method, and generator adopts the mode of mixing in the machinery.
Described hot gas recovery system is collected by 43 pairs of hot gas of air-water interchanger by the red-hot gas that generator 42 work operations produce, this air-water interchanger adopts the heat pipe heat-conducting, by heat pipe 51 with the heat-transfer system of copper more than 1000 times heat conduction to recirculated water, hot water is delivered to wind cabinet 45 through heat pump 44, by warm air output tube 62 the above warm air of 120 degree is delivered to the drying plant utilization of environment-friendly and high-energy low sulphur coal system again by the wind cabinet, the generator warm air of the heat exchange of passing through after heat exchanger 46 coolings, is discharged through gas flue 63 again.
Described thermal conductive pipe is some vacuum thermal pipes 51, be provided with heat dissipation metal rifle 54 at vacuum heat-conduction Guan Yiduan, between adjacent vacuum thermal pipe, be provided with cigarette water interlayer 55 and thermal insulation layer 64, described air-water interchanger 43 1 ends are provided with hot gas inlet tube 52 and sourdine 53, the bottom is provided with carbon dust cleaning mouth 56, and be provided with Sewage outlet 57 at the end that the hot gas inlet tube is set, and circulating hot water pipe 58 is in order to connect heat pump 44 and air-water heat exchanger 43, what described heat exchanger 46 was arranged at the air-water heat exchanger is oppositely arranged the Sewage outlet the other end, this heat exchanger upper and lower ends is provided with circulating water outlet 59, the upper end is provided with circulating water entrance 60, and this end links to each other with the wind cabinet by being provided with circulating hot water pipe 61 simultaneously.
Described environment-friendly and high-energy low sulphur coal system with in plastic waste, damaged tire, the oil refining process the i.e. thick black carbon recycling of the recrement that can not gasify, include the preaging device 47 that thick carbon black is carried out ageing, handle through heat steam treater 48 again, the coarse carbon black that to handle is as major ingredient again, add the compatibility material therein, the compatibility material is raw coal, ferrocene, six methynes, four ammoniums, sodium hydroxide, unslaked lime and cakingagent, form coal-based material, wherein major ingredient shared weight percent in coal-based material is 45%-60%; Then coal-based material is made readymade coal, described thick carbon black is carried by ground screw feeder 64 and carbon black input tape 65.
Utilize in the process in concrete production, fs, with the waste or used plastics of water content 40% after the oven dry of hot air dries equipment, water content is reduced to 20%, its warm air derives from Fig. 8 hot gas recovery system, concrete collection work is handled by thermal energy collecting device 66, waste or used plastics after the drying is sent into pyrocrack furnace 3 continually through conveying belt, the feeding amount is 14 tons (calculating with two bar ovens), begin to finish to cracking from heating, used fuel oil 1100Kg, additional materials is aluminium, catalyzer such as zinc and calcium oxide, its ratio by adding raw material the average 1.5% of weight behind the branch of anhydrating, the equipment electricity consumption is 336 degree, time production cycle is 28 hours, produce gas, 11.62 tons of diesel oil mixing oils, the cracking residuum is that coarse carbon black is 60Kg, and this coarse carbon black is delivered to high energy low sulphur coal production system together with the wet toner of receiving at the tail gas environment-friendly disposal system of pyrocrack furnace and done the recycling processing, simultaneously by the about 872m of the inflammable gas that produces in the oil refining process 3, this combustible gas Co20-24%, carbonic acid gas Co2 1-3%, hydrogen H2 8-12%, CmHn are mainly methane 3-4.2% etc., and this combustible gas is sent into combustion gas storage vessel 39 as the fuel gas generation purposes through cleaning except tar and compression.
Subordinate phase enters second stage device through the mixing oil after the cracking, and this system's day output is 14 tons, and the heating tool of this device is silicon controlled rectifier heating in medium frequency equipment 110KW, with required electricity consumption 750 degree behind the gas produced, the diesel oil mixing oil tangent line.
Phase III, after second stage device is handled, bavin in the cut, gasoline are sent into a refining unit to be handled, through cleaning, taste removal, decolour, come unstuck, operation such as dewaxing, the total amount of gained bavin, gasoline is 10.67 tons, and diesel oil is treated can to arrive state II standard after synthetic, and gasoline is 93# gasoline, residuum in treating processes is through alkalinisation treatment, utilizes hermetic means of delivery to be generally pipeline and sends into high energy low sulphur coal production system and make recycling and handle.
The quadravalence section, the inflammable gas of being exported by the combustion gas storage vessel enters the internal-mixing gas electricity generator after decompression, specifically can adopt the Jinan 500KW/h of oil electric engine factory product, above-mentioned 872m after described subordinate phase is handled 3Combustible gas 3925 degree that can generate electricity, the hot gas that produces in power generation process changes warm air into through recovery of heat recycling system, changes warm air into together with the vent gas treatment residual heat hydro-thermal of pyrocrack furnace and unites and send into hot air dries equipment initial in the fs and use.
This enforcement is example with the oil refining by waste plastic, and all have that principle is identical with present embodiment or approximate with basic structure with it, all within protection domain of the present invention.
Compared with prior art, the individual event of existing installation is integrated, the single environmental protection production concept of existing relatively single technology, can effectively stop the secondary pollution that the residuum after environmental protection is produced causes soil and air ambient, or because the pollution that have more hazardness of single environmental protection mode before producing; System equipment of the present invention is one group of environment-friendly cycle production and recycling equipment, from primary environmental protection produce residue slag thing and obnoxious flavour, high-temperature gas remakes secondary environmental protection production recycling, the economic chain of real waste environmental protection production cycle can be played, the good beneficial effect of without sewage discharge, the discharging of no flue dust, the discharging of no room temperature, no noxious gas emission, ordorless, the discharging that has no irritating odor, low, the self-produced energy recycle of noise may be reached or reach.

Claims (6)

1. equipment is produced in the comprehensive utilization of the renewable energy resources of a waste or used plastics, tire, used oil, it is characterized in that: the recycling system, hot gas recovery system and the environment-friendly and high-energy low sulphur coal system that comprise the main equipment that cooperatively interacts, second stage device, third stage device, pyrolyzer vent gas treatment environment friendly system, inflammable gas generating; Wherein said main equipment comprises: be starting point by conveying belt (2), the petroleum products waste is transported to the air pressure type automatic feeding machine (1) that is moved by rail, advance cracking and catalyzing stove (3) to carry out cracking and catalyzing raw material and obtain gas-oil mixture, there is an automated randomized reactor (5) of scraping wall cutter (4) in this cracking and catalyzing furnace zone, body of heater is connected to cracking tail gas environmental protecting device system simultaneously, with after level equipment produced in the oil gas wax oil separating tool first for gas wax oil separator (6) conduct by the cracking and catalyzing stove in proper order, be connected with first step condenser (7) again in turn, hydrolock oil separator (8), water seal security device (9), hydrolock negative pressure device (10), heavy oil carrying container (11), when gas-oil mixture enters mixing oil carrying container (13) through horizontal condenser (12), the inflammable gas of failing to liquefy enters in the vertical combustion gas and water scrubber (14) thereupon, this water scrubber is set up double seal security device (15), and inflammable gas enters the recycling system of inflammable gas generating after the water scrubber washing; Described second stage device comprises distillation catalytic tower (16), the distilland of this equipment comes from the mixing oil in the mixing oil carrying container (13) in the main equipment, the type of heating of distillation catalytic tower adopts the silicon controlled rectifier intermediate frequency heating method, there is a frequency heating device (17) to link to each other with the distillation catalytic tower, waste or used plastics oil after cracking, tire oil or used oil enter distillation tower and handle the back and enter vertical (type) condenser (18) again through water seal cut out (19) according to the tangent line of the different gasification temperatures of various materials, enter bavin, gasoline carrying container (20); Described third stage device is diesel oil refining and gasoline degumming equipment, this equipment is starting point by first step chemistry decarburization removal of impurities synthesizer (21), through floating device (22), dewaxing except carbon except glue device (23), oil product in bavin in the device of the described second stage, the gasoline carrying container (20) enters this dewaxing except the glue device through input channel, this dewaxing is drum taper agitator except the glue device, be provided with in the agitator and stand to baffle plate, the bottom is provided with agitates the boiling device, stirs flow pattern and stirs to cut stream mode; The chemical agent of required interpolation is arranged in the additive container (24), and be divided into that chemical agent adds the district and alkaline liquid adds the district, useful thing after treatment is transported to dreg-liquid separator (25) again, this machine filter order is from 200 order to 350 orders, the fluid of crossing after filtration is transported to refining oil synthesis tank (26), the working forms of this jar separates cascade filtration, the first step is that reverse plus-pressure filters, the second stage is for forward filtering, the filtering layer of this secondary is provided with filtration medium carrying orifice plate, its filtration medium is the solid particulate thing, being filtered thing will add the chemical agent additive and place in the additive container (24), after gained oil product after the above processing is qualified on inspection, enter the oil depot storage area, the waste material that is produced by each refining stage simultaneously is delivered to environment-friendly and high-energy low sulphur coal system recycling by special transfer device, the waste gas that produces through each refining stage, useless flavor is discharged by sea water bath and charcoal filter through the dedicated vent pipes road; Described pyrolyzer vent gas treatment environmental protecting device system links to each other with the smoke outlet of pyrocrack furnace, this system includes and is with multiple cascade gas exhaust duct (27), the venting port of this multiple cascade gas exhaust duct connects combustion chamber of furnace body, hot gas water surge chamber (28) is equipped with in the centre, dual wet carbon granules strainer (29) is equipped with in the surge chamber bottom, the other end connects double tower type wet type gas-solid separator (30), the gas-solid separator tail end is by pipe connection air inducing device (31), the lower end is by the rear section aqueduct of pipe connection air inducing device, aqueduct utilizes the pressure of air inducing device aqueous vapor to be pushed the chimney (32) of equipment afterbody, chimney is made up of three parts, the bottom is the moisture separator (33) of drum tank-like body, in for being used for the heat exchanger (34) of gas phase separation, top is gas exhaust duct (35), and alkaline water liquid spray thrower (36) is equipped with at this pipeline middle part.
2. equipment is produced in the comprehensive utilization of the renewable energy resources of waste or used plastics as claimed in claim 1, tire, used oil, it is characterized in that: described decarburization removal of impurities synthesizer (21), except carbon floats device (22), dewaxing is got rid of pipeline (49) and adopted pressurized air (50) force feed toward environment-friendly and high-energy low sulphur coal system except glue device (23) lower end all connects waste residue is provided with additive container (24) at dreg-liquid separator equally between the refining oil synthesis tank (26).
3. waste or used plastics as claimed in claim 1, tire, equipment is produced in the renewable energy resources comprehensive utilization of used oil, it is characterized in that: described inflammable gas generating recycling system is connected in the gas pipeline (37) in the main equipment, when special-purpose gas compressor is reduced to gas pressure 0.5MPa and plays first step combustion gas dehydration simultaneously, again gas is delivered to the special-purpose gas compressor (38) in the second stage, this compressor is reduced to gas pressure 1MPa again when playing for the second time the combustion gas dehydration simultaneously, inflammable gas is delivered to combustion gas storage vessel (39), holder is provided with two air outlets, an air outlet leads to the pyrocrack furnace of main equipment as the fuel of this stove, its gas is to send through the secondary decompression by method, decompression for the first time is to arrive 0.4-0.5MPa through pressure regulating equipment (40) decompression, reduces to 0.1-0.2MPA through second pressure regulating equipment (41) by 0.4-0.5MPa again and delivers to the burner hearth burning; Another air outlet leads to gaseous fuel generator (42), and its inflammable gas is to enter gaseous fuel generator after another pressure regulating equipment reduces pressure 0.1-0.5MPa again by method, and generator adopts the mode of mixing in the machinery.
4. waste or used plastics as claimed in claim 1, tire, equipment is produced in the renewable energy resources comprehensive utilization of used oil, it is characterized in that: described hot gas recovery system is collected hot gas by air-water interchanger (43) by the red-hot gas that generator (42) work operation produces, this air-water interchanger adopts the heat pipe heat-conducting, the heat pipe that passes through (43) with the heat transfer coefficient of copper more than 1000 times heat conduction to recirculated water, hot water is delivered to wind cabinet (45) through heat pump (44), by warm air output tube (62) the above warm air of 120 degree is delivered to the drying plant utilization of environment-friendly and high-energy low sulphur coal system again by the wind cabinet, the generator warm air of the heat exchange of passing through after heat exchanger (46) cooling, is discharged through gas flue (63) again.
5. waste or used plastics as claimed in claim 4, tire, equipment is produced in the renewable energy resources comprehensive utilization of used oil, it is characterized in that: described thermal conductive pipe is some vacuum heat-conduction pipes (51), be provided with heat dissipation metal wheel (54) at vacuum heat-conduction Guan Yiduan, between adjacent vacuum thermal pipe, be provided with cigarette water interlayer (55) and thermal insulation layer (64), described air-water interchanger (43) one ends are provided with hot gas inlet tube (52) and sourdine (53), the bottom is provided with carbon dust cleaning mouthful (56), and be provided with Sewage outlet (57) at the end that the hot gas inlet tube is set, and circulating hot water pipe (58) is in order to connect heat pump (44) and air-water heat exchanger (43), what described heat exchanger (46) was arranged at the air-water heat exchanger is oppositely arranged the Sewage outlet the other end, this heat exchanger upper and lower ends is provided with circulating water outlet (59), the upper end is provided with circulating water entrance (60), and this end links to each other with the wind cabinet by being provided with circulating hot water pipe (61) simultaneously.
6. waste or used plastics as claimed in claim 1, tire, equipment is produced in the renewable energy resources comprehensive utilization of used oil, it is characterized in that: described environment-friendly and high-energy low sulphur coal system is with plastic waste, damaged tire, in the oil refining process the i.e. thick black carbon recycling of the recrement that can not gasify, include the preaging device (47) that thick carbon black is carried out ageing, handle through heat steam treater (48) again, the coarse carbon black that to handle is as major ingredient again, add the compatibility material therein, the compatibility material is raw coal, ferrocene, six methynes, four ammoniums, sodium hydroxide, unslaked lime and cakingagent, form coal-based material, wherein major ingredient shared weight percent in coal-based material is 45%-60%; Then coal-based material is made readymade coal.
CN2010101900127A 2010-06-02 2010-06-02 Production equipment for comprehensively utilizing renewable energy resources of waste and old plastics, tires and waste engine oil Expired - Fee Related CN101824332B (en)

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