CN101818573B - External heat preservation technology method of wall by means of pouring polyurethane heat preservation layer with disassembly-free mould - Google Patents

External heat preservation technology method of wall by means of pouring polyurethane heat preservation layer with disassembly-free mould Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101818573B
CN101818573B CN2010101661516A CN201010166151A CN101818573B CN 101818573 B CN101818573 B CN 101818573B CN 2010101661516 A CN2010101661516 A CN 2010101661516A CN 201010166151 A CN201010166151 A CN 201010166151A CN 101818573 B CN101818573 B CN 101818573B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
dismantling formwork
insulation layer
disassembly
heat preservation
cast polyurethane
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN2010101661516A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN101818573A (en
Inventor
康玉范
康鹏
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Liaoning day high and New Technology Co., Ltd.
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HARBIN TIANSHUO BUILDING MATERIAL INDUSTRY Co Ltd
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Priority to CN2010101661516A priority Critical patent/CN101818573B/en
Publication of CN101818573A publication Critical patent/CN101818573A/en
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Publication of CN101818573B publication Critical patent/CN101818573B/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
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Abstract

The invention provides an external heat preservation technology method of a wall of a civil building and an industrial building, in particular to an external heat preservation technology method of a wall by means of pouring a polyurethane heat preservation layer with a disassembly-free mould. The method specifically comprises the following steps of: fixing a disassembly-free mould on the base face of the wall through anchor bolts according to the standard of a discharging wire when constructing; previously leaving a hollow cavity with the same depth as the poured polyurethane heat preservation layer; coating a bonding and sealing material on the four end faces of the disassembly-free mould to prevent the PU from outward leaking when pouring the polyurethane during installing; adjusting the planeness of the outer surface and fixing by taking the outer surface of the disassembly-free mould as the standard during installing; installing the anchor bolts with the separation distance of 300-500mm to prevent the disassembly-free mould from deforming caused by the outer expansion when pouring the polyurethane; or firstly fixing an anti-expansion standard supporting bracket on the base face of the wall with the anchor bolts according to the positions of a perpendicular discharging wire and a horizontal elastic wire; previously leaving the position with the depth of the disassembly-free mould and the hollow cavity with the depth of the polyurethane heat preservation layer; coating the bonding and sealing material at the four end faces of the mould when installing the disassembly-free mould to prevent the PU from leaking when pouring the polyurethane heat preservation layer; after installing the disassembly-free mould, supporting a PU cushion block between the disassembly-free mould and the base face of the wall; and pouring the polyurethane heat preservation layer, so that the disassembly-free mould and the base face of the wall are firmly bonded into a whole.

Description

Non-dismantling formwork cast polyurethane insulation layer outer wall heat insulating process
Technical field: the present invention relates to civilian and industrial construction outer wall heat insulating process, be specially a kind of with non-dismantling formwork cast polyurethane insulation layer outer wall heat insulating process.
Background technology: polyurethane coating method construction at present forms and does various surface-veneer engineeredly be widely accepted behind the insulation layer again.But because it is surface-veneer engineered to exist floating in a large number, ejecta pollution and follow-up multiple working procedure just can finish in the construction, working procedure is numerous and diverse, and the quality control difficulty is big, particularly remains safety hidden danger during the binding face tile facing.Along with the lasting raising of energy conservation standard, the exterior-wall heat insulation of other heat insulating material more is faced with insulation layer and continues to thicken above more than the 100mm simultaneously, for the exterior-wall heat insulation engineering that multiple facing requires is brought many complicated difficult problems.At coastal windy area of heavy rainfull and northern frore area, this type of problem is more outstanding especially.
Summary of the invention: the object of the present invention is to provide the template of a kind of specialized non-dismantling formwork of producing, do not remove the non-dismantling formwork cast polyurethane insulation layer outer wall heat insulating process that becomes decorative layer or directly carry out facing constructions such as daub or binding face tile at its external surface after the construction as the cast polyurethane insulation layer.The object of the present invention is achieved like this: be will prevent that with crab-bolt bloated primary standard support is fixed on the wall base face by vertical unwrapping wire and horizontal snap the line position earlier, reserve non-dismantling formwork thickness position and polyurethane heat-insulation layer thickness cavity, PU reveals when preventing the cast polyurethane insulation layer, when being installed, non-dismantling formwork smears the material that is bonded and sealed at its four end face, after non-dismantling formwork is installed, be supported between non-dismantling formwork and the wall base face with the PU cushion block, cast polyurethane insulation layer then, non-dismantling formwork and wall base face firmly are bonded as one, realize the dual binding structure that the anchor bonding is closed; The thickness of polyurethane insulation coating is 10mm~150mm, directly carry out the facing construction after removing the anti-primary standard support that expands at the non-dismantling formwork external surface, when wall facing is coating ornamental surface, handle the hole mouth of crab-bolt earlier with repairing putty, handle the adjacent panels seam with flexible putty, perhaps by flexible putty the non-dismantling formwork surface completely scrape 1-2 all over after, carry out coating brushing construction; When wall facing is decorating surface brick, smear the face brick bonding rubber cement face brick that directly bonds on the surface of non-dismantling formwork, if in the time of will being with L type tongue and groove heat-insulating decorative composite board Surface Machining to be face brick-imitation, then directly form the outer heat insulating work of face brick-imitation behind the cast polyurethane insulation layer; When being designed to aluminium plastic sheet-imitation curtain wall facing, keep somewhere the Ornamental Stitching width at L type tongue and groove position and be coated with the material that is bonded and sealed by designing requirement when band L type tongue and groove heat-insulating decorative composite board is installed, directly form aluminium plastic sheet-imitation curtain wall insulation and decoration engineering behind the cast polyurethane insulation layer, thereby finish outer heat insulating work unitary construction.The hard decorative plate is an inorganic plate.Band L type tongue and groove heat-insulating decorative composite board is that hard decorative plate and EPS, XPS, PU heat insulating material form at factory's produced with combination.The external surface of hard decorative plate or band L type tongue and groove heat-insulating decorative composite board is to become face brick-imitation or aluminium plastic sheet-imitation curtain wall facing in factory process.The anti-primary standard support that expands is metal making or wooden, becomes the outside fix carriage of Fast Installation construction and overcome outer the expanding of cast polyurethane to cause the non-dismantling formwork distortion.The material that is bonded and sealed bond adjacent non-dismantling formwork and when preventing the cast polyurethane insulation layer PU leak.Advantage of the present invention is: the floating contaminated environment of the no polyurethane spittle in the insulation layer work progress, and economical with materials 15---25%; Directly form insulation layer behind the cast polyurethane, overcoat is integrated.Both hard decorative plate or band L type tongue and groove heat-insulating decorative composite board were if be processed as face brick-imitation facing style for non-dismantling formwork, and then once-cast forms the heat preservation decoration integrative engineering; Also can once construct forms the engineering of integrating of imitative aluminum screen wall facing, than coating ornamental surface, the decorating surface brick material-saving that then more saves time.Therefore no matter present technique forms face brick-imitation, imitative plastic-aluminum curtain wall, it is reliable that coating ornamental surface, decorating surface brick all have outer heat insulating work simple structure, easy construction is quick, the duration is short, cost performance is reasonable, workmanship and safe, engineering life-span can with building body with comprehensive advantages such as life-spans.And industry, civilian construction in the various energy conservation standards in southern and northern each department have comprehensive adaptive capacity.Existing building reducing energy consumption engineering is had more can be in the technical advantage of the direct construction of former metope.
Description of drawings: Fig. 1 is the outer heat insulating work structural principle schematic diagram of coating ornamental surface of the present invention, and Fig. 2 is a decorating surface brick engineering structures principle schematic of the present invention; Fig. 3 is the outer heat insulating work structural principle schematic diagram of face brick-imitation of the present invention; Accompanying drawing 4 is looked schematic diagram for the anti-bloated primary standard support structural principle master of the present invention; Accompanying drawing 5 is the anti-bloated primary standard support ladder shape structural principle elevational schematic view of the present invention.
The specific embodiment: be metal making or the wooden anti-primary standard support 12 that expands of single or ladder shape to be fixed on the wall base face 1 with crab-bolt 6 by vertical unwrapping wire and horizontal snap the line position earlier, reserve non-dismantling formwork both hard decorative plate 3 or band L type tongue and groove heat-insulating decorative composite board 9 thickness positions and polyurethane heat-insulation layer thickness cavity 13, PU reveals when preventing cast polyurethane insulation layer 2, non-dismantling formwork is installed was both smeared the material 7 that is bonded and sealed at its four end face when hard decorative plate 3 or band L type tongue and groove heat-insulating decorative composite board 9, non-dismantling formwork had been after both hard decorative plate 3 or band L type tongue and groove heat-insulating decorative composite board 9 had been installed, and was supported in both hard decorative plates 3 or be with between L type tongue and groove heat-insulating decorative composite board 9 and the wall base face 1 of non-dismantling formwork with PU cushion block 14.The cast polyurethane insulation layer 2 then, and non-dismantling formwork both hard decorative plate 3 or band L type tongue and groove heat-insulating decorative composite board 9 firmly are bonded as one with wall base face 1, realize the dual coupling arrangement that the anchor bonding is closed.Thickness 10mm~the 150mm of polyurethane insulation coating 2 all can.Directly carry out the facing construction after removing the anti-primary standard support 12 that expands at non-dismantling formwork both hard decorative plate 3 or band L type tongue and groove heat-insulating decorative composite board 9 external surfaces.When wall facing is coating ornamental surface, handle the hole mouth of crab-bolt 6 earlier with repairing putty 5, handle the adjacent panels seam with flexible putty 4.In case of necessity again with flexible putty 4 non-dismantling formwork both hard decorative plate 3 or band L type tongue and groove heat-insulating decorative composite board 9 surfaces completely scrape 1-2 all over after, carry out coating 8 brushing constructions; When wall facing is decorating surface brick, smear directly bonding face brick 11 of face brick bonding rubber cement 10 on the surface of non-dismantling formwork both hard decorative plate 3 or band L type tongue and groove heat-insulating decorative composite board 9.If in the time of will being with L type tongue and groove heat-insulating decorative composite board 9 Surface Machining to be face brick-imitation, then cast polyurethane insulation layer 2 backs directly form the outer heat insulating work of face brick-imitation; When being designed to aluminium plastic sheet-imitation curtain wall facing, keep somewhere the Ornamental Stitching width at L type tongue and groove position and be coated with the material 7 that is bonded and sealed by designing requirement when band L type tongue and groove heat-insulating decorative composite board 9 is installed, cast polyurethane insulation layer 2 backs directly form aluminium plastic sheet-imitation curtain wall insulation and decoration engineering.Thereby finish outer heat insulating work unitary construction.

Claims (4)

1. non-dismantling formwork cast polyurethane insulation layer outer wall heat insulating process, the template of a kind of specialized non-dismantling formwork of producing as the cast polyurethane insulation layer is provided, do not remove the non-dismantling formwork cast polyurethane insulation layer outer wall heat insulating process that becomes decorative layer or directly carry out facing constructions such as daub or binding face tile at its external surface after the construction, it is characterized in that: the cast polyurethane insulation layer, hard decorative plate or band L type tongue and groove heat-insulating decorative composite board, flexible putty, repairing putty, crab-bolt, material is bonded and sealed, coating, face brick bonding rubber cement, face brick, the anti-primary standard support that expands, cavity, the PU cushion block; Specific practice is as follows: be will prevent that with crab-bolt bloated primary standard support is fixed on the wall base face by vertical unwrapping wire and horizontal snap the line position earlier, reserve non-dismantling formwork thickness position and polyurethane heat-insulation layer thickness cavity, PU reveals when preventing the cast polyurethane insulation layer, when being installed, non-dismantling formwork smears the material that is bonded and sealed at its four end face, after non-dismantling formwork is installed, be supported between non-dismantling formwork and the wall base face with the PU cushion block, cast polyurethane insulation layer then, non-dismantling formwork and wall base face firmly are bonded as one, realize the dual binding structure that the anchor bonding is closed; The thickness of polyurethane insulation coating is 10mm~150mm, directly carry out the facing construction after removing the anti-primary standard support that expands at the non-dismantling formwork external surface, when wall facing is coating ornamental surface, handle the hole mouth of crab-bolt earlier with repairing putty, handle the adjacent panels seam with flexible putty, perhaps by flexible putty the non-dismantling formwork surface completely scrape 1-2 all over after, carry out coating brushing construction; When wall facing is decorating surface brick, smear the face brick bonding rubber cement face brick that directly bonds on the surface of non-dismantling formwork, if in the time of will being with L type tongue and groove heat-insulating decorative composite board Surface Machining to be face brick-imitation, then directly form the outer heat insulating work of face brick-imitation behind the cast polyurethane insulation layer; When being designed to aluminium plastic sheet-imitation curtain wall facing, keep somewhere the Ornamental Stitching width at L type tongue and groove position and be coated with the material that is bonded and sealed by designing requirement when band L type tongue and groove heat-insulating decorative composite board is installed, directly form aluminium plastic sheet-imitation curtain wall insulation and decoration engineering behind the cast polyurethane insulation layer, thereby finish outer heat insulating work unitary construction.
2. a kind of non-dismantling formwork cast polyurethane insulation layer outer wall heat insulating process according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the hard decorative plate is an inorganic plate.
3. a kind of non-dismantling formwork cast polyurethane insulation layer outer wall heat insulating process according to claim 1 is characterized in that: band L type tongue and groove heat-insulating decorative composite board is that hard decorative plate and EPS or XPS or PU heat insulating material form at factory's produced with combination.
4. a kind of non-dismantling formwork cast polyurethane insulation layer outer wall heat insulating process according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the anti-primary standard support that expands is metal making or wooden, becomes the outside fix carriage of Fast Installation construction and overcome outer the expanding of cast polyurethane to cause the non-dismantling formwork distortion.
CN2010101661516A 2010-05-10 2010-05-10 External heat preservation technology method of wall by means of pouring polyurethane heat preservation layer with disassembly-free mould Expired - Fee Related CN101818573B (en)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102031866B (en) * 2010-11-15 2016-10-26 刁宏伟 A kind of disassembly-free heat-insulation decoration formwork and installation method thereof
CN102561685B (en) * 2010-12-13 2016-01-27 五冶集团上海有限公司 The construction method of residence energy saving material extrusion molding polystyrene polyfoam warming plate
CN102433974B (en) * 2011-12-02 2013-03-13 江西昌南建设集团有限公司 Curtain wall-imitating wall insulation technical method by anchoring and pasting inorganic heat-insulation decorative composite board
CN103216093B (en) * 2013-04-28 2016-06-22 苏州市世好建材新技术工程有限公司 A kind of wall face applies foamed heat insulating layer process
CN107938941A (en) * 2017-11-29 2018-04-20 贵州兴贵恒远新型建材有限公司 Energy-saving structure integration assembled heat insulation wall
CN107842128A (en) * 2017-11-29 2018-03-27 贵州兴贵恒远新型建材有限公司 The construction method of energy-saving structure integration assembled heat insulation wall
CN108312303A (en) * 2018-04-24 2018-07-24 吕东东 The vertical adjustable mold of flue or pipe envelope

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US7735292B2 (en) * 2005-04-14 2010-06-15 Massie Michael C Masonry cavity wall construction and method of making same
CN100999918B (en) * 2006-12-25 2011-04-20 青岛瑞易通建设工程有限公司 Manufacture method of pouring polyurethane heat insulating wall
CN201268896Y (en) * 2008-04-25 2009-07-08 韩增生 On-site non-cushion block fixed disassembling-free mold pouring polyurethane rigid foam heat-preserving wall

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Owner name: LIAONING TIANSHUO HIGH-TECH CO., LTD.

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Effective date: 20131114

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Inventor after: Lu Yuan

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Address after: 113299 No. 8, hi tech city, Li Shi Economic Development Zone, Liaoning, Fushun

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Patentee before: Harbin Tianshuo Building Material Industry Co., Ltd.

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CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee