CN101816433B - Method for producing composite bean curd with duck blood - Google Patents

Method for producing composite bean curd with duck blood Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101816433B
CN101816433B CN201010160089XA CN201010160089A CN101816433B CN 101816433 B CN101816433 B CN 101816433B CN 201010160089X A CN201010160089X A CN 201010160089XA CN 201010160089 A CN201010160089 A CN 201010160089A CN 101816433 B CN101816433 B CN 101816433B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
duck
duck blood
blood
bean curd
aqueous solution
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Application number
CN201010160089XA
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Chinese (zh)
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CN101816433A (en
Inventor
徐为民
王道营
诸永志
刘芳
曹建民
李超
陈菲
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江苏省农业科学院
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Priority to CN201010160089XA priority Critical patent/CN101816433B/en
Publication of CN101816433A publication Critical patent/CN101816433A/en
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Publication of CN101816433B publication Critical patent/CN101816433B/en

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Abstract

The invention relates to a method for producing composite bean curd with duck blood and belongs to the technical field of deep processing of agricultural products. The method comprises the following steps of: raw material pretreatment of collecting duck blood, anticoagulation, filtering and the like; treatment of high-pressure homogenization and ultrasonic wall breaking, composite mixing of flavoring and a water retention agent, vacuum degassing, calcium chloride-sodium chloride aqueous solution coagulation crosslinking and sizing, and a sealing and pasteurization process. The process greatlyimproves the quality and safety of the bean curd with duck blood, realizes industrialized production of the duck blood, and well solves the problems that nutritional ingredients of the bean curd withduck blood have low digestion and utilization rate; the texture is not exquisite enough and the section is coarse. An obtained product has smooth surface, black red lustre, leveled section, no pores and delicious flavor; and compared with a conventional method for processing the bean curd with duck blood, the method has the advantages of easy absorption of rich nutrition, high quality, health andsafety and remarkable economic benefit.

Description

A kind of production method of composite bean curd with duck
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of production method of broken wall type composite bean curd with duck, belong to technical field of agricultural product process.
Background technology
The courageous and upright cold flavor of duck is salty, has and enriches blood and clearing heat and detoxicating effect." book on Chinese herbal medicine is just read " record: the special merit detoxifcation of duck blood, but must separate the method ear that also passes on from one to another at all times in hot drink side.Duck blood contains the protein about 16% except that the moisture that contains about 85%, be rich in mineral element and multivitamins such as iron, zinc, potassium, contains multiple bioactivator in addition, has very high nutritive value.Can treat dysentery, over-strained hemoptysis, the women diseases such as hectic fever, dysentery characterized by white mucous stool of passing through with duck blood.For all boraxs, arsenic, vegetable poisoning etc., gavaging with duck blood all has curative effect preferably.Duck blood can also be treated the warm blood upper punch, apoplexy is dizzy and the control tumor in digestive tract.Duck blood also is rich in ferroheme, and it has very high medical value, has very widely on the field of medical science and health products research and uses.
Along with developing rapidly of meat duck aquaculture, the duck blood resource is day by day abundant.At present, except that part duck blood mixes feed is used by being processed into blood meal, also have considerable part as offal treatment, this is the significant wastage of resource, has seriously polluted environment again.Having with duck blood on the food products market of Japan and American-European many countries is the sausage of raw material, dessert etc.In China, people also like duck blood is made the dish of blood bean curd, and are referred to as " liquid meat ".But common Bean curd with duck blood tangent plane is more coarse, quality is fine and smooth inadequately, and wherein haemocyte is complete, and the nutritional labeling digestive utilization ratio of duck blood is very low.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this invention is to provide a kind of is that raw material is made the quality exquisiteness, is beneficial to digestion, the production technology of the Bean curd with duck blood that is of high nutritive value with duck blood.
The present invention includes that the preliminary treatment of duck blood, compound mix, blood coagulation is crosslinked with typing, vacuum outgas and seal and sterilization steps, be characterized in: before compound mixes, carry out duck blood broken wall treatment, described broken wall treatment be with duck blood behind homogeneous under 20 ± 5Mpa, 20 ± 1 ℃ of temperature environments, handle 30 ± 2min through 40 ± 5kHz, 15 ± 1 ℃ ultrasonic wave again.
The present invention makes duck haemocyte fragment less than 100nm after duck blood broken wall treatment, thereby has solved the problem that the nutritional labeling digestive utilization ratio is low and quality is fine and smooth inadequately.
At the more coarse problem of Bean curd with duck blood tangent plane, the present invention has taked compound mixing, blood coagulation crosslinking technological, solves in conjunction with vacuum degassing process again.
Described duck blood of the present invention preliminary treatment is: collect duck blood when the meat duck is butchered immediately, in 8min, in duck blood, add concentration then and be 0.9~1.0% trisodium citrate aqueous solution, stir the back with the double gauze filtration, collect filtrate and refrigerate under 4 ℃ of temperature environments; The mass ratio of described duck blood and trisodium citrate aqueous solution is 3: 1.
Compound of the present invention mixes: sodium alginate, shitosan, paddy propionamide enzyme, white granulated sugar and monosodium glutamate are accounted in the duck blood behind 0.1%, 0.15%, 0.01%, 0.3%, 0.1% the ratio adding broken wall of gross mass of duck blood and trisodium citrate aqueous solution stirring and evenly mixing respectively.
Blood coagulation of the present invention is crosslinked with typing to be: inject the mixed aqueous solution of calcium chloride and sodium chloride in the typing container, then the duck blood system is loaded in the box, leave standstill behind the mixing to typing; The total mass ratio of the gross mass of described duck blood and trisodium citrate aqueous solution and the mixed aqueous solution of calcium chloride and sodium chloride is 10: 1; In the mixed aqueous solution of described calcium chloride and sodium chloride, calcium chloride quality percentage composition is 2.5%, and sodium chloride quality percentage composition is 10%.
Vacuum outgas of the present invention is: carry out vacuum outgas 5 ± 1min under 10 ± 1 ℃ of conditions.
Sterilization of the present invention is: the duck blood after will sealing solidifies the back fully and adopts 79 ± 2 ℃ of sterilization 40 ± 1min.
To sum up, the invention provides a kind of nutrition, safety, standardized novel Bean curd with duck blood production technology, with existing traditional Bean curd with duck blood processing technology and application number is that the processing method (calling relevant patent in the following text) of a kind of duck blood in box of 200810124657.3 is compared, and has following advantage:
1, nutritious easy absorption: since this process using broken wall treatment, make hemoglobin, mineral matter, vitamin etc. from haemocyte, dissociate out, help digesting and assimilating of nutritional labeling.
2, quality quality height: the present invention again in conjunction with vacuum degassing process, efficiently solves the coarse problem of Bean curd with duck blood tangent plane by compound mixing, blood coagulation crosslinking technological, and product all is better than traditional handicraft and relevant patent technology at aspects such as color and luster, local flavor and mouthfeels.
3, safe and sanitary: the present invention only uses natural additive for foodstuff in process of production, does not use any essence, pigment etc.In addition,, compare, obvious safe and sanitary with the Bean curd with duck blood of handicraft workshop production because the standardization and normalization of technology makes product quality be protected.
4, remarkable in economical benefits: the present invention efficiently solves the industrialization processing problems of Bean curd with duck blood, and the shelf life of product can reach more than 15 days at 4 ℃, and the comprehensive utilization of duck blood and added value will significantly improve.The present invention simultaneously also can drive the development of breed of meat duck and processing industry, realizes growth of agricultural efficiency, increasing peasant income, and forms local characteristic product and industrial chain.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is respectively hardness, elasticity, the shearing stress diagram that adopts tradition, relevant patent and technology Bean curd with duck blood of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is a process chart of the present invention.
The specific embodiment
One, production technology:
1) pretreatment of raw material: collect duck blood when the meat duck is butchered immediately, get 300g duck blood, in 8min, in duck blood, add 100g concentration then and be 0.9~1.0% trisodium citrate aqueous solution, filter with double gauze after stirring, collect filtrate, refrigeration is under 4 ℃ of temperature conditions, and is standby.
2) broken wall treatment: duck blood makes cell fragment less than 100nm through 20 ± 5Mpa, 20 ± 1 ℃ of high-pressure homogeneous processing, adopts 40 ± 5kHz, 15 ± 1 ℃ ultrasonic wave to handle 30 ± 2min then.
3) compound mixes: take by weighing respectively and sodium alginate 0.40g, shitosan 0.60g, paddy propionamide enzyme 0.04g, white granulated sugar 1.20g, monosodium glutamate 0.40g are added in the duck blood behind the broken wall stirring and evenly mixing respectively.
4) vacuum outgas: under 10 ± 1 ℃ of cryogenic conditions, carry out vacuum outgas (vacuum is 0.01MP), keep 5 ± 1min.
5) blood coagulation crosslinked with typing: in forming box, inject 40g calcium chloride-sodium-chloride water solution (calcium chloride quality percentage composition is 2.5%, sodium chloride quality percentage composition be 10%), then duck blood all poured in the forming box, left standstill after stirring 18 minutes.
6) seal: can seal mouth after the typing of duck blood.
7) sterilization: the duck blood after the packing leaves standstill 10min again, adopts 79 ± 2 ℃ of sterilizations 40 ± 1 minutes then, is cooled to the freezer of beating sign indicating number, decals after the room temperature, going into 4 ℃.
Two, quality quality:
Product of the present invention is the comparison with traditional handicraft and relevant patent technology at aspects such as color and luster, matter structure, local flavor and mouthfeels:
The different Bean curd with duck blood processing technologys of table 1 are to the influence of product quality
Annotate: the equal value representation of n=3, result; L *Expression brightness, a *The degree that expression is red, b *The degree that expression is yellow.
Bean curd with duck blood smooth surface, color and luster that the present invention makes are dark red, smooth, the pore-free of tangent plane, delicate mouthfeel, flavour deliciousness.Product reaches the commercial sterilization requirement through microorganism detection, and the shelf-life is 15 days at 4 ℃.
From Fig. 1 as seen: the present invention again in conjunction with vacuum degassing process, efficiently solves the coarse problem of Bean curd with duck blood tangent plane by compound mixing, blood coagulation crosslinking technological, and product all is better than traditional handicraft and relevant patent technology at aspects such as color and luster, local flavor and mouthfeels.

Claims (3)

1. the production method of a composite bean curd with duck, comprise that the preliminary treatment of duck blood, compound mix, blood coagulation is crosslinked with typing, vacuum outgas and seal and sterilization steps, it is characterized in that before compound mixes, carrying out duck blood broken wall treatment, make duck haemocyte fragment less than 100nm, described broken wall treatment be with duck blood behind homogeneous under 20 ± 5Mpa, 20 ± 1 ℃ of temperature environments, handle 30 ± 2min through 40 ± 5kHz, 15 ± 1 ℃ ultrasonic wave again; Described compound mixes: sodium alginate, shitosan, paddy propionamide enzyme, white granulated sugar and monosodium glutamate are accounted in the duck blood behind 0.1%, 0.15%, 0.01%, 0.3%, 0.1% the ratio adding broken wall of gross mass of duck blood and trisodium citrate aqueous solution stirring and evenly mixing respectively; Described blood coagulation is crosslinked with typing to be: inject the mixed aqueous solution of calcium chloride and sodium chloride in the typing container, then the duck blood system is loaded in the box, leave standstill behind the mixing to typing; The total mass ratio of the gross mass of described duck blood and trisodium citrate aqueous solution and the mixed aqueous solution of calcium chloride and sodium chloride is 10: 1; In the mixed aqueous solution of described calcium chloride and sodium chloride, calcium chloride quality percentage composition is 2.5%, and sodium chloride quality percentage composition is 10%; Described vacuum outgas is: carry out vacuum outgas 5 ± 1min under 10 ± 1 ℃ of conditions.
2. according to the production method of the described composite bean curd with duck of claim 1, it is characterized in that the preliminary treatment of described duck blood is: collect duck blood when the meat duck is butchered immediately, in 8min, in duck blood, add concentration then and be 0.9~1.0% trisodium citrate aqueous solution, stir the back with the double gauze filtration, collect filtrate and refrigerate under 4 ℃ of temperature environments; The mass ratio of described duck blood and trisodium citrate aqueous solution is 3: 1.
3. according to the production method of the described composite bean curd with duck of claim 1, it is characterized in that described sterilization is: the duck blood after will sealing solidifies the back fully and adopts 79 ± 2 ℃ of sterilization 40 ± 1min.
CN201010160089XA 2010-04-30 2010-04-30 Method for producing composite bean curd with duck blood CN101816433B (en)

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Families Citing this family (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102058108B (en) * 2010-11-16 2012-10-31 河南工业大学 Preparation method for clear-soup chicken meatballs packaged by compound bag
CN101999680B (en) * 2010-11-23 2012-10-31 河南工业大学 Preparation method of natural food extract for increasing gel hardness of duck blood product
CN102150872A (en) * 2010-11-23 2011-08-17 河南工业大学 Preparation method for improving gel hardness of chicken blood product by using natural food extract
CN102793198B (en) * 2011-05-25 2015-10-21 北京金水红生物科技研究院 The industrialized preparing process of edible animal blood
CN102258202A (en) * 2011-06-15 2011-11-30 天津宝迪农业科技股份有限公司 Chicken blood tofu and production method thereof
CN102630966A (en) * 2012-05-03 2012-08-15 重庆三峡学院 Preparation method of chicken blood cake
CN106962800A (en) * 2017-03-08 2017-07-21 徐州丫丫食品科技有限公司 A kind of animal blood processing method based on supersonic cell broken wall
CN107198132A (en) * 2017-06-19 2017-09-26 中国农业科学院农产品加工研究所 Improve the preparation method of blood tofu texture
CN107960584A (en) * 2017-11-08 2018-04-27 常州武城服饰有限公司 A kind of dry beancurd fresh keeping method
CN107865326A (en) * 2017-11-09 2018-04-03 江苏省农业科学院 The preparation method of compound south candle juice Bean curd with duck blood

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101352243B (en) * 2008-08-28 2011-11-02 南京雨润食品有限公司 Method for processing duck blood in box
CN101480255B (en) * 2009-01-22 2012-10-31 得利斯集团有限公司 Method for producing novel pig blood tofu using pig blood serum and peptide iron

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Assignee: Shanghai Genon Biological Product Co., Ltd.

Assignor: Jiangsu Academy of Agricultural Sciences

Contract record no.: 2011990000754

Denomination of invention: Method for producing composite bean curd with duck blood

Granted publication date: 20110126

License type: Exclusive License

Open date: 20100901

Record date: 20110808