CN101805523A - Superfine biological powder filling masterbatch and method for preparing same - Google Patents

Superfine biological powder filling masterbatch and method for preparing same Download PDF

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CN101805523A
CN101805523A CN 201010144898 CN201010144898A CN101805523A CN 101805523 A CN101805523 A CN 101805523A CN 201010144898 CN201010144898 CN 201010144898 CN 201010144898 A CN201010144898 A CN 201010144898A CN 101805523 A CN101805523 A CN 101805523A
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biological
screw extruder
masterbatch
superfine
powder
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CN101805523B (en
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王文广
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王文广
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Abstract

The invention relates to superfine biological powder filling masterbatch and a method for preparing the same. The superfine biological powder filling masterbatch is characterized by facilitating the diffusion of the superfine biological powder in resin, improving the production environment in the workshop, reducing the product cost, improving the content of the biomass in the plastic product, emitting less carbon and being environmental friendly. The superfine biological powder filling masterbatch comprises one or more or the combination of at least three of the wax, the EVA, the PE, the PP, the PS, the PLA, the PHA, the PBS, the PBAT, the PPC and the PCL which are all carrier resin. The superfine biological powder refers to animal or plant power of over 300 meshes and other additives. The superfine biological powder filling masterbatch specifically comprises 20-70% of the carrier, ultra-fine powder 27-77% of superfine biological powder, 1-10% of compatible agent, 1-10% of dispersing agent, the 0.05-0.5% of surface treatment agent, of 0.5-2% of lubricant, 0-30% of filler, 0.2-2% of heat stabilizer, 0.1-0.5% of antioxidant and 0-2% of other additives. The superfine biological powder filling masterbatch is prepared by mixing, plastifying, extruding and granulating the components with the twin-screw extruder or the mixer or/and the single screw extruder.

Description

一种超细生物粉末填充母料及其制备方法 Superfine powder filled masterbatch and biological preparation

技术领域: FIELD:

[0001 ] 本发明涉及一种超细生物粉末填充母料及其制备方法。 [0001] The present invention relates to an ultrafine powder filled masterbatch biological preparation method thereof. 本发明母料主要应用于各类树脂的填充改性,利于超细生物粉末在树脂中的充分分散,可直接与各类树脂混合后加工成型。 Masterbatch of the present invention is mainly applied to various types of modified resin filling, beneficial biological ultrafine powder was well dispersed in the resin, all types can be mixed directly with the resin molding process. 该发明母料的功效为:降低产品成本,改善生产环境,减少石油基树脂消耗,提高产品中生物质含量,降低二氧化碳的排放量,增加绿色环保成分。 The efficacy of the invention, masterbatch is: to reduce product costs, improve the production environment, reduced consumption of petroleum-based resin, improving raw material content in the products, to reduce carbon dioxide emissions, increased green component. 树脂填充本发明母料后,当含量在30%以下时对树脂机械性能影响较小。 After the resin filler masterbatch of the present invention, when the content is below 30% has little effect on the mechanical properties of the resin.

技术背景: technical background:

[0002] 资源和环境问题是人类社会发展面临的两大挑战,也是塑料工业实现可持续发展的两大瓶颈。 [0002] resources and the environment are two major challenges facing the development of human society, but also the plastic industry to achieve two major bottlenecks for sustainable development. 传统的树脂大都以石油为原料合成,消耗大量的石油资源。 Most conventional resin synthesized from petroleum, consume a large amount of petroleum resources. 而石油为不可再生资源,总有耗尽的一天。 The oil is non-renewable resources, there is always exhausted one day. 如何减少石油的消耗速度是本发明专利的主要目的。 How to reduce oil consumption rate is the primary object of the present invention patent. 本发明中超细生物粉末在制品中含量可达27 %〜77 %左右,可节省27 %〜77 %的石油基树脂,而超细生物粉末为可循环再生资源,取之不尽用之不竭,而且焚烧时二氧化碳的排放量仅为石油基树脂的20%左右。 The present invention, ultrafine powders of biological products in a content of up to about 27% ~77% ~77% can save 27% of the petroleum-based resin and the ultra-fine powder to be recycled bio-resources, with the not inexhaustible dried, and carbon dioxide emissions of incineration is only about 20% of the petroleum-based resin.

[0003] 目前市场上涉及超细植物粉母料的专利为空白,与其接近的专利都为无机物填充母料,不具有生物质材料,其次是载体树脂完全采用石油基合成树脂为主要原料,不具有环保性能,具体列举如下: [0003] The present patent relates to plants ultrafine powder masterbatches on the market as a blank, to close thereto patents inorganic filler masterbatch, without having a biomass material, followed by petroleum-based carrier resin completely synthetic resin as the main raw material, no environmental performance, specifically exemplified as follows:

[0004] 1,02131310. 5 一种聚烯烃填充母料及其生产方法 [0004] 1,02131310. 5 a polyolefin filled masterbatch and production method

[0005] 2、86107768聚烯烃改性填充母料及其制造方法 [0005] 2,86107768 modified polyolefin masterbatch filler and manufacturing method thereof

[0006] 3、88101604以铝体系偶联剂为改性剂的新型填充母料 [0006] 3,88101604 novel filler masterbatch aluminum coupling agent system for the modifier

[0007] 4、87107742. 6高压聚乙烯填充母料 [0007] 4,87107742. 6 LDPE filled masterbatch

[0008] 5,88106061. 5玻璃微珠塑料填充母料及其加工工艺 [0008] 5,88106061. 5 glass beads and plastic filler masterbatch process

[0009] 6、89105786. 2 一种聚烯烃填充改性母料及其生产方法 [0009] 6,89105786. 2 filled with modified polyolefin masterbatch and production method thereof

[0010] 7,98120630. 1聚烯烃填充母料及其生产工艺 [0010] 7,98120630. 1 and filled polyolefin masterbatch production process

[0011] 8、01107047. 1聚烯烃填充母料及其制备方法 [0011] 8,01107047. 1 filled polyolefin masterbatch and method of preparation

[0012] 9,200510025550. X碳酸钙填充母料及其生产工艺 [0012] 9,200510025550. X and calcium carbonate filler masterbatch production process

[0013] 10、200510010542. 8聚丙烯树脂专用填充母料 [0013] 10,200510010542. 8 dedicated filling polypropylene resin masterbatch

[0014] 11,200610119119. 6黑色塑料用填充母料及其制备方法 [0014] 11,200610119119. 6 black plastic filler masterbatch preparation method thereof

[0015] 12,200810141355. 7透明增强填充母料 [0015] 12,200810141355. 7 transparent reinforcing filler masterbatch

[0016] 技术内容: [0016] technical content:

[0017] 本发明的目的在于解决超细生物粉末直接用于生产时环境污染问题和在树脂中的分散问题。 [0017] The object of the present invention is to solve environmental pollution problems and problems in the resin dispersed ultrafine powder was used directly in the biological production.

[0018] 本发明的目的还在于降低产品成本,提高了塑料制品的生物质含量,并赋予其低碳环保性能。 [0018] The object of the present invention is to reduce product costs, increased biomass content of plastic products, and to impart a low-carbon environmental performance.

[0019] 本发明的另一目的在于公开了上述超细生物粉末填充母料及其制备方法。 [0019] Another object of the present invention to disclose a microfine powder filled masterbatch biological preparation method thereof.

[0020] 本发明的填充母料主要由以下几种材料构成:载体树脂、超细生物粉末、相容剂、分散剂、表面处理剂、润滑剂、无机填料、热稳定剂、抗氧剂及其它助剂。 [0020] filled masterbatch of the present invention is mainly composed of the following materials: carrier resin, ultrafine powders of biological, compatibility agents, dispersing agents, surface treating agents, lubricants, inorganic fillers, heat stabilizers, antioxidants and other additives.

[0021] 本发明所述材料构成中载体包括各类聚合物如蜡类、EVA、PE(包括VLDPE、 ULDPE)、PP、PVC, PS、ABS、PET、TPU、PMMA, SBS、PLA、PHA, PBS、PBAT, PPC, PCL 等一种或两种以上的组合物,优选完全降解类聚合物PLA、PHA, PBS、PBAT, PPC、PCL其中的一种或两种及两种以上混合物,载体含量一般在20 %〜70 %。 [0021] The carrier material of the present invention include various types of configuration such as polymer waxes, EVA, PE (including VLDPE, ULDPE), PP, PVC, PS, ABS, PET, TPU, PMMA, SBS, PLA, PHA, PBS, PBAT, PPC, PCL and the like, one or two or more of the composition, preferably complete degradation of the polymer PLA, PHA, PBS, PBAT, PPC, PCL wherein one or two, and mixtures of two or more, the content of the carrier generally 20% ~ 70%.

[0022] 本发明所述材料构成中的超细生物粉末为天然植物的杆、叶、果实及果壳等如秸秆粉、稻壳粉、木粉及竹粉等,动物的壳、蹄、骨、角、毛等如羽毛粉、骨粉、贝壳粉等,粒度达到300目以上,超细生物粉末含量一般在27%〜77%。 [0022] The present invention is a biological material ultra-fine powder of the natural plant stem, leaf, fruit and nut shell flour and the like such as straw, rice husk powder, wood and bamboo powder, animal shells, hoof, bone , angle, hair, etc. such as feather meal, bone meal, shell powder and the like, a particle size of 300 mesh or more, the content of ultrafine powders of biological typically 27% ~77%.

[0023] 本发明所述材料构成中的相容剂是指聚合物的官能团接枝产物,具体如马来酸酐接枝聚乙烯、马来酸酐接枝聚丙烯、马来酸酐接枝ΡΗΑ、马来酸酐接枝PBS等,相容剂的含量一般在〜10%。 [0023] In the present invention, the material constituting the compatibilizing agent refers to a functional group of the grafted polymer product, particularly such as maleic anhydride grafted polyethylene, maleic anhydride grafted polypropylene, maleic anhydride grafted ΡΗΑ, MA anhydride grafted and PBS, the content in compatibilizing agent is generally ~ 10%.

[0024] 本发明所述材料构成中的分散剂是指聚乙烯蜡、聚丙烯蜡、氧化聚乙烯蜡、EVA蜡等,目的是提高超细植物粉在树脂中的分散均勻性,分散剂的含量一般在〜10%。 [0024] The material in the present invention means a dispersant polyethylene wax, polypropylene wax, oxidized polyethylene wax, EVA wax, aims to improve the uniformity of dispersion of ultrafine powders of plants, the dispersant in the resin content is generally ~ 10%.

[0025] 本发明所述材料构成中的表面处理剂是指偶联剂,偶联剂包括钛酸酯偶联剂、铝酸酯偶联剂、铝钛复合偶联剂、硅烷偶联剂。 [0025] The surface treating agent of the present invention, the material constituting the coupling means, coupling agents include titanate coupling agents, aluminum coupling agent, titanium aluminum compound coupling agent, a silane coupling agent. 主要是为了提高超细植物粉与载体树脂之间的界面结合力,表面处理剂的含量一般在0. 05%〜0. 5%。 Mainly to improve the content of the surface treatment agent interfacial binding force between the powder and the ultrafine plant carrier resin is generally 0.05% ~ 0. 5%.

[0026] 本发明所述材料构成中的润滑剂是指白油、石蜡、硬脂酸、硬脂酰胺、油酸酰胺、芥酸酰胺中的一种或几种的组合物,润滑剂的含量一般在0. 5%〜2%。 [0026] The material in the present invention refers to lubricant white oil, paraffin wax, stearic acid, stearic acid amide, oleic acid amide, erucic acid amide of one or more of the composition, the lubricant generally 0.5% ~ 2%.

[0027] 本发明所述材料构成中的填充剂是指碳酸钙、滑石粉、硫酸钡等无机填料的一种或几种组合物。 The [0027] material of the present invention refers to fillers, calcium carbonate, talc, an inorganic filler such as barium sulfate, one or several compositions. 所选的粉体细度应大于325目,优选1250目的粉体。 The selected powder fineness greater than 325 mesh, the powder is preferably 1250 purpose. 无机填料的含量一般在0%〜30% Content of the inorganic filler is generally 0% ~ 30%

[0028] 本发明所述材料构成中的热稳定剂是指有机锡类、金属皂类复配物如钙/锌等, 优选复配物为本发明的热稳定剂,含量一般在0. 2 %〜2 %左右。 [0028] The material of the present invention is constituted in a heat stabilizer refers to an organic tin-based, metal soap complex thereof such as calcium / zinc heat stabilizer is preferably a complex composition of the present invention, content is generally 0.2 about% ~ 2%.

[0029] 本发明所述材料构成中的抗氧剂是指主抗氧剂和辅助抗氧剂复配使用,如抗氧剂1010/168,含量为0. 0. 5%ο [0029] The material constituting the present invention refers to the primary antioxidant and the antioxidant is a compound used secondary antioxidants, such as antioxidants 1010/168, an amount of 0. 0. 5% ο

[0030] 本发明所述材料构成中的其它助剂是指成核剂、扩链剂、光亮剂、增白剂、增塑剂、 除味剂、防粘剂其中的一种或两种及两种以上的组合物。 [0030] The material constituting the present invention refers to the other adjuvants nucleating agents, chain extenders, brighteners, whitening agents, plasticizers, deodorants, wherein the release agent and one or both of combination of two or more thereof. 含量一般在0%〜2%。 Content is generally from 0% ~ 2%.

[0031] 根据制品对填充母料不同要求,在本发明体系中构成填充母料的各种组分基本配比为:载体20%〜70%,超细生物粉末27%〜77%,相容剂〜10%,分散剂〜10%, 表面处理剂0. 05 %〜0. 5 %,润滑剂0. 5 %〜2 %,填充剂0 %〜30 %,热稳定剂0. 2 %〜 2%,抗氧剂0. 〜0.5%,其它助剂0%〜2%。 [0031] The various components of the article filler masterbatch different requirements, the system constituting the filler in the masterbatch of the present invention are substantially ratio: 20% ~ 70% carrier, 27% of ultrafine powders of biological ~77% compatible agent ~ 10%, ~ 10% dispersing agent, surface treating agent, 0.05% ~ 0. 5%, 0.5% ~ 2% lubricant, 0% ~ 30% filler, heat stabilizer 0.2% ~ 2%, 0.5 ~ 0.5% of antioxidant, 0% ~ 2% other additives.

[0032] 本发明的填充母粒是通过下述方法制备的: [0032] Filled the present invention are prepared by the following method:

[0033] 1.对于需要加入的填充剂需进行预处理,处理方法是按配方准确称量填充剂投入到高速混合中,在不于于60°C情况下高速混合烘干处理,干燥好后转入低速并加入相应的表面处理剂,在40〜50°C左右下再进行高速混合处理3〜15分钟,处理好后放入低混机中冷却混合待用。 After [0033] 1. the need for added filler need for pre-treatment method according to the formulation is accurately weighed filler into a high speed mixing, high speed mixing in the drying process without to within 60 ° C, and dried well into corresponding low speed and add the surface treating agent, at about 40~50 ° C then mixed at high speed under 3~15 minutes treatment, post-treatment and put into a low mixing compounder cooling stand.

[0034] 2.按配方称量配方中其他组分投入到高速混合机中高速混合,温度控制在50〜 60°C,高速混合时间大约为5〜20分钟,使超细生物粉末完全分散开。 [0034] 2. Formulation weighing recipe was charged to the other ingredients mixed at high speed in a high speed mixer, a temperature controlled at 50~ 60 ° C, high speed mixing time is about 5~20 minutes, ultrafine powder is completely dispersed bio .

[0035] 3.本发明的混炼塑化造粒方式有两种:[0036] 一种是经高速混合机将配方中各组分混合均勻,混合温度不高于60°C,混合时间约为2〜8分钟,然后将混合好的物料投入到双螺杆挤出机中在70〜150°C温度下混炼塑化造粒,双螺杆的转速控制在每分钟80〜500转。 Mixing plastics granulated embodiment [0035] 3. The present invention in two ways: [0036] A is a high-speed mixer by the components of the formulation are mixed, the mixing temperature is not higher than 60 ° C, the mixing time is about is 2~8 minutes, and then the mixed material into a twin screw extruder pelletized plasticized kneaded at a temperature of 70~150 ° C, the twin screw speed control 80~500 rpm.

[0037] 另一种是将配方中个组分一同投入到密炼机/单螺杆挤出机中,在70〜150°C下用密炼机混炼塑化,混炼时间在5〜20分钟,然后采用单螺杆挤出机在60〜130°C下挤出造粒,即得到本发明所述的全降解基色母料。 [0037] Another formulation is a component together into the mixer / single-screw extruder, plasticized and kneaded in a Banbury mixer at 70~150 ° C, kneading time at 5~20 min, and then single screw extruder pelletized at 60~130 ° C, to obtain the degradation of the whole group of the masterbatch of the present invention.

[0038] 本发明所述的造粒方式可以是水冷拉条造粒、水环造粒、水下造粒或磨面热切造粒。 [0038] Granulation embodiment of the present invention may be water-cooled strand pelletizer, water ring pelletizer, underwater pelletizing or grinding Pelletizing. 对于需要水冷的粒子应进行干燥,干燥温度为60〜70°C,干燥时间以水分含量低于0. 5%为标准。 Need for water cooling of the particles should be dried, the drying temperature is 60~70 ° C, the drying time to a moisture content below 0.5% for the standard.

[0039] 本发明所述双螺杆挤出机采用积木式同向平行双螺杆,双螺杆长径比以大于28 : 1,不宜超过48 : 1为宜,最好选择40 : 1.以免物料在螺杆内长时间受热而致分解。 [0039] The present invention is a twin screw extruder using the building block with parallel twin-screw, twin-screw aspect ratio greater than 28: 1, not more than 48: 1 is appropriate, best choice 40: 1. In order to avoid material heating caused the decomposition of the long screw.

[0040] 本发明所述密炼机/单螺杆挤出机,其中密炼机采用加压式密炼机,单螺杆挤出机长径比不宜不大于20 : 1,选择8 : 1或是10 : 1即可,螺杆宜采渐变形螺杆为好,以减少因材料被强制剪切而降解的可能性。 [0040] The present invention mixer / single-screw extruder, wherein the pressurized mixer type mixer, a single screw extruder should not be greater than the aspect ratio of 20: 1, select 8: 1, or 10: 1 can be screw shaped screw should adopt the gradient as well as to reduce the possibility of material being forced by shear degradation.

[0041] 应用实例如下: [0041] Application examples are as follows:

[0042]实例一: [0042] Example a:

[0043] 配方:(单位为kg) [0043] Units of formula :( kg)

[0044] P34HB(4HB 含量10% ) : 40 [0044] P34HB (4HB content 10%): 40

[0045] 超细生物粉: 40 [0045] Biological ultrafine powder: 40

[0046] Ca/Zn 1 [0046] Ca / Zn 1

[0047]碳酸钙 12. 5 [0047] Calcium Carbonate 12.5

[0048]酞酸酯: 0. 5 [0048] phthalate: 0.5

[0049] 马来酸酐接枝PHA : 5 [0049] The maleic anhydride grafted PHA: 5

[0050]石蜡 0. 5 [0050] Paraffin 0.5

[0051] 1010 0.2 [0051] 1010 0.2

[0052] 168 0. 3 [0052] 168 0.3

[0053] 制备方法采用双螺杆混炼挤出造粒,方法如下: [0053] Preparation using a twin screw kneading extruder granulation, as follows:

[0054] 将高速混合机温度升高到110°C,然后将称量好的碳酸钙投入高速混合机中高速混合,借助碳酸钙与高速混合机内壁之间的摩擦,,使碳酸钙的温度达到100°c以上,约2〜 3min后投入计量好的酞酸酯偶联剂,进行高速搅拌混合,混合温度110°C,处理时间为5分钟,然后再转入低速冷却混合,处理好的物料放出待用。 [0054] The high-speed mixer temperature was raised to 110 ° C, weighed and then put into a high speed mixer of calcium carbonate mixed at high speed, by means of the friction between the inner wall of the calcium carbonate and the high-speed mixer ,, the temperature of the calcium carbonate more than 100 ° c, for about metered into 2~ 3min phthalate coupling agent, a high-speed mixing, the mixing temperature 110 ° C, the processing time was 5 minutes, and then transferred to a low speed mixing cooled, deal material released stand-by.

[0055] 然后再依次投入已计量好的P34HB、钙/锌稳定剂、1010、168、马来酸酐接枝PHA和石蜡在高速下混合一到三分钟,然后转入低速冷却搅拌混合,放出配混好的物料。 [0055] and then sequentially inputs have a metered P34HB, calcium / zinc stabilizers, 1010,168, maleic anhydride grafted PHA and paraffin mixed at high speed for one to three minutes, and then stirred and mixed into the low speed cooling, discharged with mixed good material. 将混配好的物料加入到双螺杆的料斗中通过双螺杆的混炼塑化然后挤出造粒。 The compounded material was added to the hopper of a twin screw kneading the plasticized by a twin-screw extruder and then pelletized. 选用的双螺杆挤出机螺杆长径比为36 : 1,螺杆直径为675,双螺杆加工温度从加料段到机头设置依次为80°C -100 °C -110°C -120°C -125°C -130°C -130°C _135°C -130°C,其中后两区为机头温度,前面六段为机身温度。 Selection of a twin screw extruder Screw 36: 1, a screw diameter of 675, a twin-screw from the feed zone to a processing temperature of the order of the head set 80 ° C -100 ° C -110 ° C -120 ° C - 125 ° C -130 ° C -130 ° C _135 ° C -130 ° C, after which the two areas of the head temperature, the temperature of the foregoing sixth fuselage. 螺杆转速为120转/分钟。 A screw speed of 120 revolutions / min. 造粒采用水环造粒方式,然后进行干燥冷却即可。 Granulated using water ring granulation method, and then dried to cool.

[0056]实例二 : [0056] Example II:

[0057] P34HB(4HB 含量10% ) : 20[0058] PBS 20 [0057] P34HB (4HB content 10%): 20 [0058] PBS 20

[0059] 超细生物粉: 40 [0059] Biological ultrafine powder: 40

[0060] Ca/Zn 1 [0060] Ca / Zn 1

[0061] 硫酸钡 10 [0061] Barium sulfate 10

[0062] 马来酸酐接枝PBS 5 [0062] Maleic anhydride graft PBS 5

[0063] 氧化聚乙烯蜡 2 [0063] an oxidized polyethylene wax 2

[0064]石蜡 1. 5 [0064] Paraffin 1.5

[0065] 1010 0. 2 [0065] 1010 0.2

[0066] 168 0. 3 [0066] 168 0.3

[0067] 以上材料采用密炼机/单螺杆挤出机进行制备,具体方法如下: [0067] The above materials used mixer / single-screw extruder prepared, as follows:

[0068] 将以上物料按配方称量好后一并投入到密炼机中在不高于150度温度情况下进行混炼塑化,混炼时间以物料塑化完全为准,在此期间至少要三次以上进行排气和对物料进行翻转。 [0068] The above materials were weighed according to the formulation good mixer together into not more than plasticizing kneading, the kneading time at temperatures of 150 degrees to plastics materials based solely, at least during this period to more than three times the material is exhausted and flip. 使各种物料充分混合均勻并塑化完全然后投入到单螺杆挤出机中进行造粒,单螺杆挤出机温度控制在70〜130度即可,然后对造好的粒子进行筛分就得到本发明超细生物粉末填充母料。 Various materials so fully mixed and fully plasticized and then into a single-screw extruder and pelletized, a single screw extruder in temperature control can be 70~130 degrees, then made a good sieved particles is obtained The present invention is a biological ultrafine powder filled masterbatch. 把该母料按一定比例与被填充成型(如:PHA、PBS、PLA等)进行简单混合后,即可直接用于生产各种产品。 The proportion of the masterbatch to be filled by a certain molding (eg: PHA, PBS, PLA, etc.) after a simple mixing, can be directly used to produce various products.

Claims (10)

  1. 一种超细生物粉末填充母料及其制备方法,其特征在于一种超细生物粉末填充母料可直接与树脂混合加工,提高化学塑料制品的生物质含量,赋予其低碳环保性能。 Ultrafine biological filler masterbatch powder and a preparation method, wherein biological superfine powder filler masterbatch can be mixed directly with the resin processing, improved biomass content of chemical plastics, impart lower environmental performance. 该母料主要由以下几种材料构成:载体树脂、超细生物粉末、相容剂、分散剂、表面处理剂、润滑剂、无机填料、热稳定剂、抗氧剂及其它助剂。 The masterbatch mainly composed of the following materials: carrier resin, ultrafine powders of biological, compatibility agents, dispersing agents, surface treating agents, lubricants, inorganic fillers, heat stabilizers, antioxidants and other additives. 该母料可采用双螺杆挤出机或密炼机/单螺杆挤出机两种不同工艺技术路线来实现。 The masterbatch may employ a twin screw extruder or mixer / single-screw extruder in two different process technologies to achieve route.
  2. 2.如权利要求1所述超细生物粉末填充母料构成,其特征在于构成该发明的填充母料具体配比为:载体20%〜70%,超细生物粉末27%〜77%,相容剂〜10%,分散剂1 %〜10 %,表面处理剂0. 05 %〜0. 5 %,润滑剂0. 5 %〜2 %,填充剂0 %〜30 %,热稳定剂0. 2%〜2%,抗氧剂0. 1%〜0. 5%,其它助剂0%〜2%。 1 2. The biological ultrafine powder filled masterbatch composed claim, wherein the filler masterbatch constituting the invention specifically ratio: 20% ~ 70% carrier, 27% of ultrafine powders of biological ~77% relative compatibilizer ~ 10%, ~ 10% 1% dispersant, surface treating agent, 0.05% ~ 0. 5%, 0.5% ~ 2% lubricant, 0% ~ 30% filler, heat stabilizer 0. ~ 2% 2% antioxidant 0.1% ~ 0. 5%, 0% ~ 2% other additives.
  3. 3.如权利要求1所述载体树脂包括各类聚合物如蜡类、EVA、PE (包括VLDPE、ULDPE)、 PP、PVC, PS、ABS、PET、TPU、PMMA, SBS、PLA、PHA, PBS、PBAT, PPC, PCL 等一种或两种以上的组合物。 3. The resin as claimed in claim 1 comprising a carrier of various types of polymers such as waxes, EVA, PE (including VLDPE, ULDPE), PP, PVC, PS, ABS, PET, TPU, PMMA, SBS, PLA, PHA, PBS , PBAT, PPC, PCL, etc. or two or more compositions.
  4. 4.如权利要求3所述载体树脂,优选完全降解类聚合物PLA、PHA, PBS、PBAT, PPC、PCL 和低熔点材料如蜡类、EVA、VLDPE、ULDPE、LDPE、LLDPE、LLDPE、PP中的一种或两种及两种以上混合物。 4. The carrier as claimed in claim 3 resin PHA, PBS, PBAT, PPC, PCL and low melting point materials such as waxes, EVA, VLDPE, ULDPE, LDPE, LLDPE, LLDPE, PP required, preferably complete degradation of the polymer PLA, one or two, and mixtures of two or more.
  5. 5.如权利要求4所述载体树脂,更进一步的优选完全降解类聚合物PLA、PHA, PBS、 PBAT, PPC、PCL中的一种或两种及两种以上的混合物。 5. The carrier resin as claimed in claim 4, further preferably complete degradation of the polymer PLA, PHA, PBS, PBAT, PPC, PCL is one or two, and mixtures of two or more.
  6. 6.如权利1所述超细生物粉末为动植物两类,天然植物的杆、叶、果实及果壳等如秸秆粉、稻壳粉、木粉及竹粉等,动物的壳、蹄、骨、角、毛等如羽毛粉、骨粉及贝壳粉等,用闪爆法等方法处理后粒度达到300目以上。 As claimed in claim 1 ultrafine powders of biological types of animals and plants, natural plant stem, leaf, fruit and nut shell flour and the like such as straw, rice husk powder, wood and bamboo powder, animal shells, hoof, bone, horn, hair, etc. such as feather meal, bone meal, shell powder and the like, after treatment with steam explosion method, method 300 mesh size or more.
  7. 7.如权利要求1所述相容剂是指聚合物的官能团接枝产物,具体如马来酸酐接枝聚乙烯、马来酸酐接枝聚丙烯、马来酸酐接枝PHA、马来酸酐接枝PBS等。 7. The compatibilizing agent of claim 1 refers to a functional group of the grafted polymer product, in particular such as maleic anhydride grafted polyethylene, maleic anhydride grafted polypropylene, maleic anhydride grafted the PHA, then maleic anhydride sticks and PBS.
  8. 8.如权利要求1所述超细生物粉末填充母料的制备方法,可采用双螺杆挤出机或密炼机/单螺杆挤出机两种不同工艺技术路线来实现,其特征在于:双螺杆挤出机工艺路线是已经处理好的物料与其它所有物料通过高速混合机混合均勻后由双螺杆挤出机完成混炼塑化挤出造粒;密炼机/单螺杆挤出机工艺路线是已经处理好的物料与其它所有物料一同投入到密炼机中在完成混合的同时也一并完成混炼塑化,再由单螺杆挤出机挤出造粒。 8. The method of preparing a biological ultrafine powder filler masterbatch as claimed in claim, or a twin screw extruder may be used mixer / single-screw extruder in two different process technologies to achieve route, wherein: bis routing screw extruder is a good material has been treated with all other materials uniformly mixed by a high speed mixer after completion of the plasticization kneading extruder, a twin screw extrusion granulation; mixer / single-screw extruder routings Handled material is already put together with all other materials into the mixer can all be done while the mixing is complete plasticization kneading, a single screw extruder and then extrusion granulation.
  9. 9.如权利要求8所述超细生物粉末填充母料的制备方法,其特征在于:两种方法都包括了如下几个步骤:(1)称量:称量载体树脂、超细生物粉末、相容剂、分散剂、表面处理剂、润滑剂、无机填料、热稳定剂、抗氧剂及其它助剂。 8 9. The method of preparing ultrafine powders of biological filler masterbatch as claimed in claim, characterized in that: Both methods comprise the following steps: (1) Weigh: carrier resin weighed, ultrafine powders of biological, compatibility agents, dispersing agents, surface treating agents, lubricants, inorganic fillers, heat stabilizers, antioxidants and other additives. (2)无机粉体的处理:将称量好的无机粉体及相应表面处理剂在高速混合机中进行处理,如果不需要加入无机粉体的母料则不需要此步骤。 (2) treatment of the inorganic powder: inorganic powder weighed and the corresponding surface treatment agent in a high speed mixer, if no inorganic powder masterbatch is added in this step is not required. (3)混合:是将处理过的无机粉体和称量好的载体树脂、超细生物粉末、相容剂、分散齐IJ、润滑剂、热稳定剂、抗氧剂及其它助剂进行混合。 (3) mixing: is treated inorganic powder and carrier resin weighed, ultrafine powders of biological, compatibilizers, homogeneous dispersion IJ, lubricants, heat stabilizers, antioxidants and other additives were mixed . (4)混炼塑化:将步骤(3)的混合物料通过双螺杆挤出机或密炼机/单螺杆挤出机进行混炼塑化并挤出。 (4) mixing and plasticization: mixing the material of step (3) by a twin-screw extruder or mixer / single-screw extruder and kneaded and extruded plasticized. (5)造粒:将步骤(4)通过机头挤出的物料制成颗粒。 (5) Granulation: The step (4) extruding the material through a die into pellets. (6)干燥:对于步骤(5)水冷造的粒子进行干燥处理。 (6) drying: for step (5) drying the treated particles made water-cooling.
  10. 10.如权利要求9所述超细生物粉末填充母料制备方法,其特征在于:所述步骤(2)高速混合处理温度为80〜120°C,时间为3〜15分钟;步骤(3)高速混合温度不高于120°C, 混合时间为2〜8分钟;步骤(4)双螺杆挤出机温度控制在70〜150°C,双螺杆转速控制在每分钟80〜500转;密炼机/单螺杆挤出机的温度控制:密炼机温度为70〜150°C,单螺杆挤出机温度为60〜150°C ;步骤(5)造粒方式是水冷拉条造粒、水环造粒、水下造粒或磨面热切造粒中的一种。 10. The method for preparing a biological 9 ultrafine powder filler masterbatch as claimed in claim, wherein: said step (2) high-speed mixing processing temperature of 80~120 ° C, time of 3~15 minutes; Step (3) High speed mixing temperature not higher than 120 ° C, the mixing time is 2~8 min; step (4) twin-screw extruder controlled to a temperature of 70~150 ° C, the twin screw speed at 80~500 rpm; mixing temperature control / single-screw extruder: mixer temperature of 70~150 ° C, a single screw extruder a temperature of 60~150 ° C; step (5) is water cooled granulated embodiment strand pelletizer, water ring granulation, underwater pelletizing or grinding pelletizing of one. 并优选磨面热切造粒,其次是水冷拉条造粒、水环造粒、水下造粒; 步骤(6)干燥温度为60〜120°C,干燥时间以水份含量低于0. 5%为标准。 Pelletizing and preferably grinding, followed by water-cooled strand pelletizer, water ring pelletizer, underwater pelletization; Step (6) the drying temperature of 60~120 ° C, the drying time to a moisture content of less than 0.5 % as the standard.
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CN104894844A (en) * 2015-06-24 2015-09-09 安徽皖翎羽绒制品有限公司 High-elasticity down composite heat-insulating material and preparation method thereof
CN105482416B (en) * 2015-12-21 2018-02-09 河南大学 A kind of Wholly-degradable poly (propylene carbonate) composite and preparation method thereof
CN105482416A (en) * 2015-12-21 2016-04-13 河南大学 Completely degradable polypropylene carbonate composite and preparation method thereof
CN105542433A (en) * 2016-01-05 2016-05-04 安徽一招百势训练器材研究开发有限公司 Inner filling material for human-shaped training device for body building
CN105968630A (en) * 2016-05-18 2016-09-28 深圳市志海实业股份有限公司 High-temperature plastic alloy material
CN105885191A (en) * 2016-05-24 2016-08-24 黑龙江幸福人生物合成树脂科技开发有限公司 Vermin-proof antibacterial biosynthetic resin
CN106566184A (en) * 2016-11-03 2017-04-19 铜陵桂生生态养殖有限公司 Non-toxic breathable rigid plastic scorpion nest for scorpion breeding
CN106947173A (en) * 2017-02-08 2017-07-14 佛山市南海精置塑料有限公司 Light penetration spreads soft plastic transparent plate
CN106947179A (en) * 2017-02-22 2017-07-14 阳光盛景(北京)生态科技股份有限公司 A kind of degradative plastic film for filler of being degraded containing string
CN107033567A (en) * 2017-05-16 2017-08-11 广州找塑料新材料科技有限公司 Peanut shell powder filled polypropylene lactic acid composite material and preparation method thereof
CN108129807A (en) * 2018-01-16 2018-06-08 佛山科学技术学院 A kind of biodegradable functional master batch composition and preparation method thereof

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