CN101798865B - Stone gluing process for outer-wall heat insulating decoration - Google Patents

Stone gluing process for outer-wall heat insulating decoration Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101798865B
CN101798865B CN2010101346992A CN201010134699A CN101798865B CN 101798865 B CN101798865 B CN 101798865B CN 2010101346992 A CN2010101346992 A CN 2010101346992A CN 201010134699 A CN201010134699 A CN 201010134699A CN 101798865 B CN101798865 B CN 101798865B
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China
Prior art keywords
stone
stone facing
facing
gluing
heat insulating
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN2010101346992A
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CN101798865A (en
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杜森
李晓军
吴琼
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杜森
李晓军
吴琼
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A30/00Adapting or protecting infrastructure or their operation
    • Y02A30/24Structural elements or technologies for improving thermal insulation
    • Y02A30/244Structural elements or technologies for improving thermal insulation using natural or recycled building materials, e.g. straw, wool, clay or used tires

Abstract

The invention discloses a stone gluing process for outer-wall heat insulating decoration, which radically solves the problems that the heat insulating decoration systems established by the traditional wet gluing process and the traditional dry-hanging stone process have poor fireproof performance, complex process, longer construction period and potential safety hazard due to a heavier outer-wall heat insulating system. The process has the technical points that a stone facing is connected on the outer side of the wall body by using a connector, and then a heat-insulating gluing material is filled between the wall body and the stone facing, wherein the construction temperature is more than or equal to 0 DEG C so as to ensure the wall body and the building materials dry. The process is suitable for outer-wall heat insulation of industrial and civil constructional engineering.

Description

Stone gluing process for outer-wall heat insulating decoration
Technical field
The present invention relates to building field, particularly a kind of stone gluing process for outer-wall heat insulating decoration that is applicable to industry and civil building engineering.
Background technology
In recent years, high speed development along with urban construction, improving constantly of living standards of the people, people to the requirement of comfort living more and more widely carry out the transition to building the dual concern of inside and outside layout and decoration gradually from the attention to the building interior topology layout.In this case, in order to guarantee the dual-use function of building exterior wall heat preserving and decoration, the builder is provided with marble slab, granite at the outermost layer of building exterior wall heat preserving system usually, and ceramic tile etc. have the constructional materials of decoration function.
At present, domestic exterior-wall heat insulation construction technology relatively more commonly used has traditional wet adhering process and dry-hang stone technology.Wherein, traditional wet adhering process shown in figure two, mainly is to utilize cement mortar bonding and thermal insulation layer at exterior surface of wall, utilizes stone materials such as the bonding reason slabstone of cement mortar then at the insulation layer external surface, and utilizes cement nail that stone material is fixed; Dry-hang stone technology shown in figure three, mainly is to utilize cement mortar bonding and thermal insulation layer at exterior surface of wall, and the suspension member by built-in fitting on the body of wall and setting on it is articulated in the insulation layer outside with stone material then.More than two kinds of construction technologies satisfied the requirement that ornamental stone material is set at external wall to a certain extent, but also mainly exist following defective: at first, no matter be above-mentioned wet adhering process or dry-hang stone technology, its insulation layer all adopts extruded sheet, the polyphenyl plate that does not possess fire-resistant condition substantially.When temperature reached 70 ℃, extruded sheet, polyphenyl plate began softening the contraction, become liquid in the time of 150 ℃, in case the rapid avalanche of the outer warm system of breaking out of fire exterior wall will bring very serious direct secondary disaster.Secondly, the traditional wet adhering process and the construction of dry-hang stone technology are comparatively complicated, such as keel, insulation layer being set, floated coat, grouting procedure, external wall plastering levelling and inner steel work technology etc.Because traditional wet adhering process articulates stone material by the bonding stone material of cement mortar, dry-hang stone technology by steel construction piece, so with the passage of time, when aging or steel construction piece is corroded when colloid, the serious consequence that might cause stone material to come off just, it is attractive in appearance not only to influence external wall, has had a strong impact on the safety of external insulation system simultaneously.In addition, above-mentioned two kinds of construction technologies also exist the problem that the construction period is long, used constructional materials is more, outer wall heat preservation system is heavier.Given this, existing exterior-wall heat insulation construction technology still needs to improve.
Summary of the invention
The objective of the invention is for a kind of stone gluing process for outer-wall heat insulating decoration of simple to operate, energy-conserving and environment-protective is provided.Solve fundamentally that the existing fireproof performance of insulation and decoration system that conventional wet adhering process and dry-hang stone technology sets up is poor, complex technical process, the construction period is long, outer wall heat preservation system is heavier and then have the problem of potential safety hazard, when possessing good heat-insulating property, effectively prevent coming off of ornamental stone, potential safety hazard is dropped to minimum, safe and reliable.Its construction technology is simple, exempt a lot of construction technologies, saved a lot of constructional materialss, and execution conditions require lower, and construction cost is lower, saves construction fund, very economically valuable.
Technical scheme of the present invention is: a kind of stone gluing process for outer-wall heat insulating decoration, its technical essential is: utilize connector to connect stone facing in wall outer side, between body of wall and stone facing, fill the insulation adhesive material then, its construction temperature 〉=0 ℃, guarantee body of wall and constructional materials drying, its concrete construction sequence is as follows: at first, described stone facing is carried out scale processing, and boring the deep hole of several about 5mm of system at described stone facing back, screw rod is adhesively fixed in deep hole; Relative position at described body of wall bores the system deep hole, and installs fixture additional; Utilize connector to connect described fixture and standing screw on described body of wall and the stone facing respectively; Utilize the slit between the adjacent described stone facing of glue rod filling; Between described body of wall and stone facing, fill the insulation adhesive material; Treat to take out described glue rod after described insulation adhesive material is filled fully, the place stamps weather-proof structure glue in adjacent described stone facing slit.
The stone facing that connects earlier certain altitude below in wall outer side, between body of wall and stone facing, fill the insulation adhesive material then, form outer wall heat preservation system completely, above completed described outer wall heat preservation system, continue to connect described stone facing, filling insulation adhesive material afterwards again, reciprocal successively, until finishing whole outer wall heat preservation systems.
Described insulation adhesive material adopts polyurethane.
Fiberglass gridding cloth or iron net are set between described body of wall and the stone facing.
Advantage of the present invention and positive technique effect are: because the present invention utilizes the connector of the bolt of corrosion resistance and corrosion resistance and fixture etc. with marble, granite, stone facing materials such as ceramic tile are connected with precast wall body or brick wall body, inject insulation adhesive material-polyurethane again between stone facing material and above-mentioned body of wall.The building facing that utilizes this technology to make, allow to produce an amount of variation by force with under the situation that earthquake takes place at wind-force, with absorption portion wind-force and seismic forces, and crackle does not appear, because of its filler polyurethane possesses good caking property and elasticity, after wind-force and seismic forces, surperficial stone facing also resets with structure.This technology and traditional wetting are glued and dry-hanging compares, and have exempted grouting procedure and inner steel work technology.Can shorten construction period and alleviate the building deadweight, very big raising shock resistance, the more important thing is and prevented that effectively the saline and alkaline pigment that waits in the grouting is to the osmosis pollution of stone facing and the pigment pollution of dried hanging hang structure corrosion generation, reduced potential safety hazard, safety, energy saving and the facing quality and the sensory effects of building have been improved.In addition, because the outside finish harmomegathus that seasonal outdoor difference variation causes distortion may come off the facing plate.Construction technology of the present invention can prevent the come off generation of casualty accident of stone facing effectively, and because of its packing material has good harmomegathus ability, the mounting process of this stone gluing facing plate can be used with process matching such as curtain wall.Concrete advantage of the present invention is as follows:
1, You Yi fireproof performance.The polyurethane of this process using be thermosetting resin, and stone facing is a B1 level material, and thermosetting resin has very strong fire endurance in the tendency that is subjected to have under the situation of high temperature carbonization, can reduce the secondary disaster that may cause when fire takes place greatly.
2, constructing operation is simple, shortens the construction period.The existing relatively simpler more science of technology of this technology, can finish the construction of insulation layer and decorative cover is disposable, saved other technologies such as activitiess such as brush coating, external wall plastering levellings, so saved the engineering time in a large number, promptly save the construction period of other technologies, saving time again in both material saving concerning the builder, has saved construction cost greatly.
3, good anti-corrosion.The polyurethane of this process using is the organic solvent material of acid and alkali-resistance, possesses good anti-corrosion, construction technology takes to be bonded as the master, anchoring is auxilliary, this process has been saved the keel of traditional handicraft, cement mortar, insulation layer, floated coat has also just avoided floated coat to come off the safety problem that connector weathers and causes.
4, the process system of ultralight, economical with materials reduces construction costs.
This technology uses material to be superthin stone, and its thickness is compared with existing construction technology well below the thickness of the cladding Artistic stone material of tradition, can save a large amount of constructional materialss, makes whole building possess lighter body.
For example: traditional about 150 kilograms/square meter of its material weight of wet adhering process; About 120 kg/the square meter of the material weight of dry-hang stone technology; And the material weight of this stone gluing process is≤28 kilograms.
5, environmental protection.The polyurethane material that technology of the present invention is filled possesses good caking property, and main to be bonded as in the construction, anchoring is auxilliary, has saved the cementing agent of traditional handicraft, has reduced the pollution to environment.
6, energy-conservation.The employed insulation adhesives of technology of the present invention polyurethane can reach best building heat preservation requirement.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is stone gluing process for outer-wall heat insulating decoration structure node figure of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is conventional wet adhering process structure node figure;
Fig. 3 is traditional cladding process structure node diagram.
Sequence number explanation among the figure: 1 body of wall, 2 iron nets, 3 stone facinges, 4 insulation adhesive materials, 5 weather-proof structure glue, 6 standing screws, 7 connectors, 8 bloated nails, 9 cement mortar, 10 cement nails, 11 insulation layers, 12 built-in fittings, 13 suspension members.
The specific embodiment
This stone gluing process for outer-wall heat insulating decoration mainly is to utilize connector 7 to connect stone facing 3 in body of wall 1 outside, fills insulation adhesive material 4 then between body of wall 1 and stone facing 3.
The material requirements of this technology:
1, determines kind, color, the specification of stone facing 3 according to designing requirement.
2, install or uneasy glaze fibrous mesh cloth or iron net 2 according to building structure.
3, waterproof clay is used for seal connector 7 and the bloated nail of fixture 8--etc.
4, select to meet required standard connector 7, expansion bolt, nail etc. expands.
5, insulation adhesive material 4----such as polyamine fat, granular polystyrene mortar etc.Polyurethane can be that 1: 1 black material and white material formed by weight ratio, guarantee packing material fully, fully, reach intensity.
The main facility that this technology adopted: bench drill, anodontia cast-cutting saw, Churn drill, power drill, spanner, compression pump etc.
Operating condition:
Construction temperature must not be lower than 0 degree, and on-the-spot metope, material must be dry.Rainy day can not construct.
Its concrete construction sequence is as follows: as shown in Figure 1, at first, stone facing 3 is carried out scale processing, general one 0.5 square metre square, and bore the deep hole of several about 5mm of system at stone facing 3 backs, and 3-4 better, and screw rod 6 is adhesively fixed in deep hole; Then, at the relative position brill system deep hole of body of wall 1, and install fixture 8 additional, as the nail etc. that expands; Next utilize connector 7 to connect body of wall 1 and marble, granite, stone facinges such as ceramic tile 3, connector 7 one ends are connected with standing screw 6 and utilize nut fastening, the other end is connected with expand nail or other fixture 8, reserve the cavity of 40~50mm between stone facing 3 and the body of wall 1, be used as and fill insulation adhesive material 4, the insulation of its cavity size requires and decides with should depending on construction; Utilize the slit between the adjacent stone facing 3 of glue rod filling; Fill the insulation adhesive material between body of wall 1 and stone facing 3, insulation adhesive material 4 preferably adopts polyurethane; Wait to be incubated adhesive material 4 and fill the glue rod at place, slit between the adjacent stone facing of back taking-up fully, the place stamps weather-proof structure glue 5 in stone facing 3 slits.When above-mentioned body of wall 1 is the brick wall body, fiberglass gridding cloth or iron net 2 can be set between body of wall 1 and stone facing 3.In this technology, connector 7 can become steel construction piece, brace etc. according to design of building structures, and its mounting means determines according to concrete structure.
This technology can adopt the mode that is layering, the stone facing 3 that connects earlier certain altitude below in body of wall 1 outside, between body of wall 1 and stone facing 3, fill insulation adhesive material 4 then, form outer wall heat preservation system, above outer wall heat preservation system, continue again afterwards to connect stone facing 3, fill insulation adhesive material 4, reciprocal successively, until finishing whole outer wall heat preservation systems.

Claims (4)

1. stone gluing process for outer-wall heat insulating decoration, it is characterized in that: utilize connector to connect stone facing in wall outer side, between body of wall and stone facing, fill the insulation adhesive material then, its construction temperature 〉=0 ℃, guarantee body of wall and constructional materials drying, its concrete construction sequence is as follows: at first, described stone facing is carried out scale processing, and boring the deep hole of several 5mm of system at described stone facing back, screw rod is adhesively fixed in deep hole; Relative position at described body of wall bores the system deep hole, and installs fixture additional; Utilize connector to connect described fixture and standing screw on described body of wall and the stone facing respectively; Utilize the slit between the adjacent described stone facing of glue rod filling; Between described body of wall and stone facing, fill the insulation adhesive material; Treat to take out described glue rod after described insulation adhesive material is filled fully, the place stamps weather-proof structure glue in adjacent described stone facing slit.
2. stone gluing process for outer-wall heat insulating decoration according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the stone facing that connects earlier certain altitude below in wall outer side, between body of wall and stone facing, fill the insulation adhesive material then, form outer wall heat preservation system completely, above completed described outer wall heat preservation system, continue to connect described stone facing, filling insulation adhesive material afterwards again, reciprocal successively, until finishing whole outer wall heat preservation systems.
3. stone gluing process for outer-wall heat insulating decoration according to claim 1 and 2 is characterized in that: described insulation adhesive material adopts polyurethane.
4. stone gluing process for outer-wall heat insulating decoration according to claim 1 and 2 is characterized in that: fiberglass gridding cloth or iron net are set between described body of wall and the described stone facing.
CN2010101346992A 2010-03-30 2010-03-30 Stone gluing process for outer-wall heat insulating decoration Expired - Fee Related CN101798865B (en)

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102900217B (en) * 2012-07-07 2016-09-07 陈熙 A kind of extension pastes exterior wall tile
CN102839804B (en) * 2012-09-14 2015-01-28 陈晓通 Method for paving and sticking stone materials or ceramic tiles
CN105604286B (en) * 2015-12-22 2018-01-12 河北久建建筑装饰工程有限公司 A kind of heat preservation stone angle steel horizontal type fixed setting method

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EP1365082A1 (en) * 2002-05-23 2003-11-26 Powerwall Systems Limited Panel
CN1442586A (en) * 2003-04-07 2003-09-17 中国人民解放军第四军医大学第一附属医院 External insulating layer of external wall of ultra high-rise building and its making method
CN2809084Y (en) * 2005-03-28 2006-08-23 郭祥山 Structure parts for implementing outside thermal insulating decoration for reinforced wall
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