CN101797326B - Chinese materia medica preparation for treating borborygmus diarrhoea and preparation method thereof - Google Patents

Chinese materia medica preparation for treating borborygmus diarrhoea and preparation method thereof Download PDF

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CN101797326B
CN101797326B CN2010101621379A CN201010162137A CN101797326B CN 101797326 B CN101797326 B CN 101797326B CN 2010101621379 A CN2010101621379 A CN 2010101621379A CN 201010162137 A CN201010162137 A CN 201010162137A CN 101797326 B CN101797326 B CN 101797326B
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chinese medicine
spleen
borborygmus
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CN101797326A (en
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杜中惠
张振花
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杜中惠
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Abstract

The invention discloses a Chinese materia medica preparation for treating borborygmus diarrhoea and a preparation method thereof. The Chinese materia medica preparation comprises the following components: Chinese pulsatilla root, common yam rhizome, stir-fried gordon euryale seed, parslane herb, costus root, nutmeg, largehead atractylodes rhizome, poria, voilet, longstamen onion bulb, areca peel, golden thread and tangerine peel. When the patient also obviously suffers from lumbago, cold intolerance, hypogastric pain and diarrhoea when getting up in the morning, the Chinese materia medica preparation is added with cassia bark, south dodder seed, Chinese magnoliavine fruit and rehmannia glutinosa. When the patient suffers from obvious bellyache, abdominal distension and pain reduction after diarrhoea, the Chinese materia medica preparation is added with officinal magnolia bark, bitter orange, white paeony root, kudzu-vine root and divaricate saposhnikovia root. When the patient suffers from poor appetite and apepsia, the Chinese materia medica preparation is added with charred triplet and chicken's gizzard-membrane. The Chinese materia medica preparation of the invention has effects of calming the liver and relieving pain, regulating Qi and strengthening the spleen, tonifying spleen, lungs and kidney, tonifying middle-Jiao and Qi and lifting yang and relieving diarrhea, mainly treats symptoms of acute and chronic enteritis, colonitis, borborygmus diarrhoea caused by liver-yang hyperactivity and weak spleen and stomach, poor appetite and loose stools, limb tiredness and hypodynamia, pain releasing after diarrhoea, repeated attacks and the like, has simple formula and low manufacturing cost and can be popularized and used.

Description

A kind of treatment borborygmus diarrheal Chinese medicine preparation and preparation method thereof
Technical field
The present invention relates to contain the medicinal preparation that derives from plant, animal or mineral component, particularly a kind of treatment borborygmus diarrheal Chinese medicine preparation.
Background technology
Diseases such as every clinically volvulus, intestinal intussusception, intestinal adhesion, intestinal neoplasms, bellyworm block cause intestines to risk one's life teeth and nail and wriggle, and intestinal is linked up in attempt again, thereby the bowel sound hyperaction phenomenon just comes one after another.When the intestinal flora imbalance, various antibacterials are fermented at enteral, produced a large amount of gas, it is excessive to make that the interior content of gastrointestinal produces amplitude, or transnormal moving, so borborygmus will occur.Just usually said bowel sound hyperaction.
Common people be hungry belly can be tiptop all be normal; But, increases the borborygmus number of times if having significantly; Per minute reaches more than 15 times, and sound equipment obviously increases, and occurs sometimes " gur gling "; Have strand air-flow on the water surface, to impact and the out-of-date sound that sends seemingly, that just is called bowel sound hyperaction.For the serious patient of borborygmus even can occur just as jingle sound or metallic sound as the metal bump.Hyperfunction along with borborygmus, a burst of tormina can appear in patient, and abdominal part also can be seen intestines and become lifting as the section shape, medically is referred to as " visible peristalsis visible intestinal peristalsis ".Bowel sound hyperaction is strong " signal " of mechanical intestinal obstruction.
General borborygmus all are because the intestinal flora imbalance causes, because various antibacterials are fermented at enteral, have produced a large amount of gas, and it is excessive to make that the interior content of gastrointestinal produces amplitude, or transnormal moving, so borborygmus will occur.But and deposit many symptoms, and duration of seizure above person in accumulative total January.The existence that just indicates enteritis, gastritis.This type patient is easier to occur dyspepsia, can not fully absorb nutrition, causes the loss of nutrition and the supply of necessary nutrition on the one hand, cause bigger harm certainly will for normal psychological need.Especially Ms and friend person in middle and old age, in case the similar state of an illness appears, light malnutrition then, and heavy then dehydration causes insomnia, the colour of skin is dark yellow, becomes thin chronic disease acute attack or increase the weight of the state of an illness.Continuously March the person, be easier to cause the gastrointestinal inflammation of vicious cycle.
If borborygmus performance individualism, its cause of disease mainly is a dyspepsia.The intestinal aerogenesis is too much, and can not smooth and easyly circulate.Hazardness is less.Be main mainly in the treatment with astringency or conditioning medicine.Do not eat too many meat, the food of high protein at ordinary times, do more physical exercises.Eat fresh vegetables, fruit more.For adult borborygmus, when the intestinal flora imbalance, the especially harmful bacterium of various antibacterials is fermented at enteral, produced a large amount of gas, it is excessive to make that the interior content of gastrointestinal produces amplitude, or transnormal moving, so borborygmus will occur.Just usually said intestinal is hyperfunction.
So, increasing probiotics in the body, the growth that suppresses harmful bacterium is only at all.The symptom of enteritis is a lot, and borborygmus scarcely can individualism.Be with a lot of symptoms such as abdominal distention, bowel dysfunction, stomachache under the more situation and deposit that the patient must early find early treatment.The clinical also more gastrointestinal symptoms such as stomachache, diarrhoea, constipation occur of following.Its cause is a functional gastrointestinal disorder.Psychological abnormalities such as anxiety, depression occur as the patient, various psychotic disorders such as melancholy are also followed during hysteria borborygmus diarrheal symptom to occur.The quickening of Along with people's rhythm of life, this disease is the trend of rising.
The Therapeutic Method that adopts at present mainly contains the psychotherapy, Diet Therapy and Drug therapy.Because modern medicine is not clear and definite yet for its pathology and pathogenesis, it is passive to make that the chemical drugs treatment is absorbed in.Though chemical drugs, the tool curative effect of listing are often accompanied certain side effect at present, make the psychotherapy in the treatment of primary disease, occupy very consequence.
The traditional Chinese medical science thinks that borborygmus diarrhoea belongs to " diarrhea before dawn ", " chronic dysentery " category more.Treat this disease at present, doctor trained in Western medicine generally all adopts injection of antibiotics and useful mushroom, and radical rate is low, is prone to recurrence, and is prone to have side effects; The corresponding disease of western medicine; Being main with dioctahedral smectite, motilium, cisapride, A Luosiqiong etc. mainly, only is to treat to borborygmus, diarrheal table disease, does not deep-cut and carefully seizes; Be not based upon whole conditioning; Under the double prerequisite of controlling of body and mind,, take for a long time and can also produce the side effect that lets doctor and patient all worry so curative effect is general.Chinese patent medicine is used Spleen Invigorating and Intestine Tonifying Pill, JIECHANGYAN WAN and the intestines and stomach Yiganning capsule etc. always, and effect neither be very desirable.The traditional Chinese medical science thinks that its pathogenesis is because deficiency of spleen-YANG and kidneyYANG, weakness of the spleen and stomach, and hyperactive liver-QI attacking the stomach, therefore of excessive eating and drinking and the cold-damp summer-heat exopathogen impairment of the spleen etc. answer suppressing the hyperactive liver pain relieving, regulating qi-flowing for strengthening spleen, spleen reinforcing lung kidney, invigorating the spleen and replenishing QI and yang invigorating antidiarrheal, can cure this type of disease.
Summary of the invention
Technical problem to be solved by this invention is; A kind of simple, that processing technology is easy treatment borborygmus diarrheal Chinese medicine preparation and preparation method thereof of filling a prescription is provided; Suppressing the hyperactive liver pain relieving, regulating qi-flowing for strengthening spleen, spleen reinforcing lung kidney, invigorating the spleen and replenishing QI and yang invigorating antidiarrheal can be good at curing borborygmus diarrhoea type disease.
For solving the problems of the technologies described above, the present invention provides a kind of treatment borborygmus diarrheal Chinese medicine preparation, and the ratio of weight and number of various components is: 10~20 parts of the Radix Pulsatillaes, 10~20 parts of Rhizoma Dioscoreaes; 10~20 parts of Semen Euryales (parched), 10~15 parts of Herba Portulacaes, 10~20 parts of Saussurea lappa Clarke, 10~20 parts of Semen Myristicaes; 10~20 parts of the Rhizoma Atractylodis Macrocephalaes, 10~20 parts in Poria, 10~20 parts of Herba Violaes, 10~20 parts of Bulbus Allii Macrostemonis; 10~20 parts of Pericarpium Arecae, 10~15 parts of Rhizoma Coptidis, 10~20 parts of Pericarpium Citri Reticulataes.
Said treatment borborygmus diarrheal Chinese medicine preparation rose and promptly rushes down obvious person and can in prescription, add 10~20 parts of Cortex Cinnamomis, 10~20 parts of Semen Cuscutae, 10~20 parts of Fructus Schisandrae Chinensis, 10~20 parts in Radix Rehmanniae Preparata when sufferer companion lumbago, fear of cold, few abdomen cold type of pain, morning.
Said treatment borborygmus diarrheal Chinese medicine preparation when the sufferer companion obviously suffers from abdominal pain, abdominal distention, rushes down back alleviation of pain person and can in prescription, add 10~20 parts of Cortex Magnoliae Officinalis, 10~20 parts of Fructus Aurantiis, 10~20 parts of the Radix Paeoniae Albas, 10~20 parts of Radix Puerariaes, windproof 10~20 parts.
Said treatment borborygmus diarrheal Chinese medicine preparation is when sufferer companion poor appetite is not eaten, the person of eating without digesting can add each 10 parts of JIAOSANXIAN (Fructus Crataegi, Fructus Hordei Germinatus, Massa Medicata Fermentata)s, 10~15 parts of Endothelium Corneum Gigeriae Galli in prescription.
The dosage form of said treatment borborygmus diarrheal Chinese medicine preparation can for: tablet, sugar coated tablet, film coated tablet, enteric coated tablet, capsule, hard capsule, soft capsule, oral liquid, suck agent, granule, electuary, pill, powder, unguentum, sublimed preparation, suspensoid, solution, injection, suppository, ointment, plaster, cream, spray, drop or patch.
Said treatment borborygmus diarrheal Chinese medicine preparation, its dosage form is that the method for preparing of capsule comprises: a takes by weighing the component medical material and adds water extraction 2 times, becomes the extractum shape, is component 1;
It is the extractum shape that the b medicinal residues add the ethanol thickening filtration, is component 2;
C becomes dried cream with above-mentioned two kinds of extractum concentrate dryings, mixes and pulverizes, and it is an amount of to add starch, mixing, fill capsule.
Among the said step a, take by weighing the component medical material and can add water logging bubble 1-2 hour that 5-10 doubly measures, extract 2 times; Heating extraction 1-2 hour, be concentrated into the extractum shape, become component 1.
Among the said step b, medicinal residues can add the 60-90% soak with ethanol 0.5-1.5 hour, extracted twice, each 1-2 hour; Merge extractive liquid, filters, and concentrates; The 80-160 order filters, and the 6000-10000 rev/min of supernatant after centrifugal is the ultrafiltration post ultrafiltration of 5000-10000 through the molecular weight that dams; Ultrafiltrate concentrating under reduced pressure relative density is the extractum of 1.35 (80 ℃), heating and refluxing extraction 2 times, each 30 minutes~45 minutes; Extract active ingredient, 2 extracting solution merging are settled into the extractum shape, as component 2.
Said treatment borborygmus diarrheal Chinese medicine preparation, its dosage form is that the method for preparing of honey pill agent comprises:
The component medical material of said Chinese medicine preparation was soaked 30 minutes to 1 hour, and heated and boiled 30~40 minutes is filtered filtrate for later use; Filtering residue adds water and heats for the second time, boils 30~40 minutes, filters filtrate for later use; Filtering residue adds water again, and heated and boiled is 30~40 minutes for the third time, filters; Three filtratings are lumped together, and heating is concentrated into pasty state, puts into 70 ℃~80 ℃ oven dry of baking oven postcooling, dries postcooling, and mixing with Mel is twisted into slice; With 5g is ball wax seal packing.
Said treatment borborygmus diarrheal Chinese medicine preparation is fried in shallow oil decoction in use and is taken, can every day 1 dose, and decocting is obeyed at twice, and per 7 days is a course of treatment; When this Chinese medicine preparation is pill, capsule or tablet when using, can three times on the one, per 10 days is a course of treatment.
Borborygmus diarrheal Chinese medicine preparation of the present invention has suppressing the hyperactive liver pain relieving, regulating qi-flowing for strengthening spleen, spleen reinforcing lung kidney, invigorating the spleen and replenishing QI and yang invigorating antidiarrheal effect; Treating acute and chronic enteritis and colitis, are rushed down back pain and are relaxed diseases such as outbreak repeatedly at the borborygmus diarrhoea that liver-yang hyperactivity and weakness of the spleen and stomach cause, anorexia and loose stool, lassitude of the limbs and weakness.
The specific embodiment
The traditional Chinese medical science thinks that enteritis belongs to " diarrhea before dawn ", " chronic dysentery " category.The diarrhoea of treatment borborygmus at present, doctor trained in Western medicine generally all adopts injection of antibiotics and useful mushroom, and radical rate is low, is prone to recurrence, and is prone to have side effects; Chinese patent medicine is used Spleen Invigorating and Intestine Tonifying Pill, JIECHANGYAN WAN and the intestines and stomach Yiganning capsule etc. always, and effect neither be very desirable.The traditional Chinese medical science thinks that its pathogenesis is because deficiency of spleen-YANG and kidneyYANG, weakness of the spleen and stomach, and hyperactive liver-QI attacking the stomach, therefore of excessive eating and drinking and the cold-damp summer-heat exopathogen impairment of the spleen etc. answer suppressing the hyperactive liver pain relieving, regulating qi-flowing for strengthening spleen, spleen reinforcing lung kidney, invigorating the spleen and replenishing QI and yang invigorating antidiarrheal, can cure this type of disease.Through clinical observation, inventor of the present invention finds that this Chinese medicine preparation suffers from diarrhoea for borborygmus, and diseases such as acute chronic enteritis and colitis have splendid therapeutic effect, have alleviated the symptom of various discomforts, and the while is not found untoward reaction.Chinese medicine thinks that borborygmus diarrhoea is depression of liver-QI, due to the dysfunction of the spleen in transportation.Liver controlling conveyance and dispersion, the happiness bar reaches, emptiness of spleen and stomach, multiple unsuccessful because of mood, it is angry to be worried, psychentonia, so that depression of liver-QI, functional activity of QI being not smooth is lost it and is reached, and perverse and unreasonable manner is taken advantage of spleen, and it is not normal to cause the fortuneization conduction, appearing suffers from abdominal pain disease such as have loose bowels.Jing-Yue Complete Works draws Liu's grass window side, and the side is made up of the Rhizoma Atractylodis Macrocephalae, the Radix Paeoniae Alba, Pericarpium Citri Reticulatae and windproof four flavors; Scheme with the Rhizoma Atractylodis Macrocephalae, the Radix Paeoniae Alba, Pericarpium Citri Reticulatae and windproof four Chinese medicine thing treatment " pain is rushed down disease " also is provided in " Medical Treasures of the Golden Chamber ".Four medicines match, can spleen reinforcing soil and eliminating pathogen in the liver is wooden, and the regulating QI machine rushes down with pain relieving.Be used to treat borborygmus diarrhoea, the stool diarrhea is rushed down all diseases of back stomachache.But the medicine of above ancient prescription all adopts ripe medicine, the particularly Rhizoma Atractylodis Macrocephalae, the Radix Paeoniae Alba, the Pericarpium Citri Reticulatae concocted to be " processing " article.
The corresponding disease of western medicine; Being main with dioctahedral smectite, motilium, cisapride, A Luosiqiong etc. mainly, only is to treat to stomachache, diarrheal table disease, does not deep-cut and carefully seizes; Be not based upon whole conditioning; Under the double prerequisite of controlling of body and mind,, take for a long time and can also produce the side effect that lets doctor and patient all worry so curative effect is general.The medicine that the present invention set forth not only can be treated the misery of health, can also regulate the slight illness of psychology, and taking does not for a long time have toxic and side effects, and raw material is of high quality and at a reasonable price to be easy to get.Rhizoma Atractylodis Macrocephalae ability air making-up and spleen enlivening and dampness diuretic, the abdominal distention that is used for Deficiency and coldness of spleen and stomach is had loose bowels; The Radix Paeoniae Alba can the suppressing the hyperactive liver pain relieving and astringing YIN to stop sweating, is used for disharmony between the liver and spleen, stomachache and has loose bowels etc.; Poria ability promoting diuresis to eliminate damp pathogen and spleen-benefiting mind-tranquilizing are used for diarrhea due to hypofunction of the spleen; Rhizoma Dioscoreae can supplementing QI and nourishing YIN and spleen reinforcing lung kidney.Be used for weakness of the spleen and stomach and antidiarrheal etc.; Pericarpium Citri Reticulatae can regulating qi-flowing for strengthening spleen, is used for irritability and takes advantage of spleen, and stomachache is had loose bowels etc.; Semen Euryales, Saussurea lappa Clarke can astringe the lung nourishing kidney and arresting seminal emission antidiarrheal are used for incessant chronic diarrhea; Radix Puerariae, Herba Violae ability promoting the production of body fluid to quench thirst and yang invigorating antidiarrheal; All medicine compatibilities, the effect of playing heat-clearing and toxic substances removing, dispelling wind and heat pathogens, relieving sore throat and diminishing swelling and nourishing YIN and moistening the lung altogether.The Radix Pulsatillae in the side, Herba Portulacae, the QI invigorating yin fluid astringing helps QI invigorating to give birth to the power of the moon; The Rhizoma Atractylodis Macrocephalae is nourshing Yin and drynsessmoistening prescription, clearing heat and relieving fidgetness; Poria, reinforcing spleen and kidney, medicine carrying is up, Bulbus Allii Macrostemonis, Pericarpium Arecae, Cortex Magnoliae Officinalis makes the efficacy of a drug up, but qi and blood circulation promotion is grown and oiliness all medicines, and benefit is not stayed the stasis of blood; Fructus Aurantii blood stasis dispelling dehumidifying; The Pericarpium Citri Reticulatae appetite-stimulating indigestion-relieving, the Radix Puerariae heat clearing away disappears tired, and JIAOSANXIAN (Fructus Crataegi, Fructus Hordei Germinatus, Massa Medicata Fermentata) and Endothelium Corneum Gigeriae Galli strengthening the spleen to promote digestion are the treatment anorexia, the good medicine of food stagnation.
Radix Pulsatillae bitter in the mouth, cold in nature; Return stomach, large intestine channel; Has heat-clearing and toxic substances removing, eliminating pathogenic heat from blood to cure dysentery, the effect of removing dampness and killing parasites; Cure mainly pyretic toxicity dysentery, epistaxis, internal hemorrhoid with bleeding, leukorrhagia, pudendal pruritus, the carbuncle skin ulcer, the scrofula Radix Pulsatillae is a key medicine of controlling amebic dysentery, and is single heavy dose of with, promptly produces effect.Using into square Radix Pulsatillae Decoction always, is principal agent with these article promptly, cooperates Rhizoma Coptidis, Cortex Phellodendri, Cortex Fraxini to form the both available amebic dysentery of controlling, the also available bacillary dysentery of controlling." book on Chinese herbal medicine justice " carries it: Radix Pulsatillae mildly bitter flavor and light, the clear light weight of gas, " herbal classic " though the bitter temperature of meaning, so pyrexial malaria is mad to be prone to cure mainly, and Zhong Jing and specially to control diarrhea of heat type with tenesmus, then the Bi Feiwen medicine can be known.Its main pyretic toxicity dysentery can let out admittedly though say hardship, and elevate a turnable ladder taste clearing heat in QI system makes and does not sag, and then tenesmus all removes, really the tangible true essence of this medicine.
The Herba Portulacae sour in the mouth; Heat-clearing and toxic substances removing cold in nature; Eliminating pathogenic heat from blood to cure dysentery; It is treating stranguria to dehumidify.These article have heat-clearing and toxic substances removing, damp eliminating leukorrhagia stopping effect, are applicable to that damp invasion of lower energizer, leucorrhea with yellow discharge, sticky flavor are smelly, oliguria with yellow urine, thirsty bitter taste, red tongue with yellow fur, rolling pulse person, also can be used for diarrhea due to damp-heat, dysentery etc.
The Saussurea lappa Clarke another name Radix Aucklandiae, Radix Aucklandiae (Radix Vladimiriae) for feverfew Saussurea lappa Clarke (Aucklandia lappaDecne.), are used as medicine with root.The property of medicine is hot, bitter, temperature.Return spleen, stomach, large intestine, three warmers, gallbladder meridian.Promoting the circulation of QI to relieve pain, strengthening the spleen to promote digestion.Be used for breast gastral cavity distending pain, heavy behind the dysentery, food stagnation does not disappear, anorexia.The real intestinal antidiarrheal of Saussurea lappa Clarke.Stomachache is used to have loose bowels.Gastrointestinal tract is had excitement or suppresses two-way function, have the secretion of facilitating digestion liquid, function of gallbladder promoting, lax tracheal smooth muscle, antibacterial, diuresis, etc. effect.
Bulbus Allii Macrostemonis is hot, bitter, temperature.Return lung, stomach, large intestine channel.Regulate the flow of vital energy, the chest stuffiness relieving activates yang, eliminating stagnation.Control the thorough back of the body of obstruction of qi in the chest and cardialgia, the gastral cavity painful abdominal mass is not relaxed, and retches, and is heavy behind the dysentery, furuncle.Activating YANG and eliminating stagnation, the circulation of qi promoting intestinal stasis relieving.Be used for thoracic obstruction pain, the phlegm retention cough with asthma is let out after the dysentery heavy.Supplement to the Herbal carries it: in the accent, main chronic diarrhea is not recovered, normal evil person in the big abdomen, but cook it more.
Pericarpium Arecae is the dry peel of babassu Semen Arecae, has another name called the Semen Arecae clothing.Main product in Hainan, ground such as Guangxi, Yunnan.Winter to time spring green fruit of gathering is boiled after drying, and vertical profile two lobes strip peel, practise and claim " Pericarpium Arecae ".Acrid in the mouth; Slightly warm in nature.Return spleen; Stomach; Large intestine; Small intestine meridian.Modern study, these article have excited gastrointestinal smooth muscle, short digestive tract power effect, and effect such as the fibrinolysis of promotion is arranged." Kaibao Bencao ": the main cold and hot gas abdomen of making a psychological attack, large intestine is stopped up poison, expectorant diaphragm, the belching of acid from stomach.And fry in shallow oil with Jiang Yantong, go into to dredge the gas medicine good." detailed outline ": lowering the adverse flow of QI, aqueous vapor edema in the skin that disappears, beriberi is stopped up contrary, subtertian malaria feeling of fullness, nausea malignant histocytosis feeling of distension and oppression." book on Chinese herbal medicine is new again ": eliminating the pathogens from the lung, easing stomach-QI, dampness removing chases after wind, wide intestinal detumescence, reason waist beriberi, treating malaria disease dysentery.
The Rhizoma Coptidis heat clearing and damp drying, eliminating fire and detoxication.Be used for damp and hot feeling of fullness, the vomiting acid regurgitation, dysentery, jaundice, unconsciousness due to high fever, hyperactivity of heart-fire, dysphoria and insomnia, heat in blood is told nosebleed, conjunctival congestion, the carbuncle furuncle is quenched one's thirst in toothache; External treatment eczema, eczema, auditory meatus is suppurated.The kind clear part of the body cavity above the diaphragm housing the heart and lungs of Rhizoma Coptidis (processed with wine) is burning hot.Be used for conjunctival congestion, aphtha.Prepared RHIZOMA COPTIDIS with rhizoma zingiberis recens juice clearing stomach stomach function regulating preventing or arresting vomiting.Be used for cold and heat and tie mutually, damp and hot middle resistance, feeling of fullness vomiting.Cornel Rhizoma Coptidis soothing liver-QI stomach function regulating preventing or arresting vomiting.Be used for incoordination between the liver and stomach, the vomiting acid regurgitation.Be used for diseases such as retention of damp-heat in the interior, the intestines and stomach are damp and hot, vomiting, dysentery.Join Radix Scutellariae, Radix Et Rhizoma Rhei etc., can control the card of retention of damp-heat in the interior.To the damp and hot the intestines and stomach of being reluctant to leave, often cooperate the Rhizoma Pinelliae, Caulis Bambusae In Taenia; Join the Radix Aucklandiae, Radix Scutellariae, Radix Puerariae etc. to control dysentery.
Cortex Magnoliae Officinalis is bitter, suffering, temperature.Return spleen, stomach, lung, large intestine channel.The expectorant of effect dampness, the therapeutic method to keep the adverse QI flowing downwards is removed full.Retention of dampness in middle-JIAO, distension and fullness in the abdomen.The bitter dry suffering of these article is loose, ability dampness, and the therapeutic method to keep the adverse QI flowing downwards is removed distension again, is the key medicine of eliminating distension.Normal and Rhizoma Atractylodis, Pericarpium Citri Reticulatae are equal to usefulness, like Pingwei San (" prescription of peaceful benevolent dispensary ") stagnation of QI due to dyspepsia, abdominal distention constipation.But these article therapeutic method to keep the adverse QI flowing downwards alleviating distention in middle-JIAO, consumer product dredge stasis.Normal and Radix Et Rhizoma Rhei, the same usefulness of Fructus Aurantii Immaturus are like Cortex Magnoliae Officinalis three thing soup (" Medical Treasures of the Golden Chamber ").If the constipation with heat retention person joins Radix Et Rhizoma Rhei, Natrii Sulfas, Fructus Aurantii Immaturus, to reach the drastic purgation accumulation of heat, the effect of consumer product dredge stasis, i.e. DACHENGQI TANG (treatise on Febrile Diseases).
The Semen Euryales (parched) reinforcing the kindey to control nocturnal emission, the spleen reinforcing stopping leak.Control seminal emission, stranguria with turbid discharge, leukorrhagia, incontinence of urine, loose stool and diarrhea.Invigorating the spleen to arrest diarrhea: be used for diarrhea due to hypofunction of the spleen, often join Rhizoma Dioscoreae, Rhizoma Atractylodis Macrocephalae invigorating the spleen and replenishing QI, similar a bit for nourishing robustness food with Semen Nelumbinis, but the convergence controlling nocturnal emission with astringent drugs effect of Semen Euryales is stronger than Semen Nelumbinis, is applicable to chronic diarrhea and frequent micturition, emission, and the women is with many soreness of waist etc.Chronic diarrhea comprises chronic tuberculosis of intestine, has loose bowels just before dawn etc." Bencao Congxin ": spleen reinforcing is reinforced the kidney, and helps the gas arresting seminal emission.
The Fructus Schisandrae Chinensis temperature; Sour, sweet; Return lung, the heart, kidney channel.Restrain astringent or styptic treatment for spontaneous sweating, supplementing QI for promoting the production of body fluid, kidney calming.Be used for the chronic cough dyspnea due to deficiency, emission, enuresis frequent micturition, incessant chronic diarrhea, spontaneous perspiration, night sweat, Tianjin wound is thirsty, the deficient pulse of losing heart, interior-heat is quenched one's thirst, palpitation and insomnia.Fruit is made Chinese medicine function supplementing QI for promoting the production of body fluid, the nourishing kidney of astringing the lung, antidiarrheal, arresting seminal emission, is calmed the nerves, and can control diseases such as chronic cough dyspnea due to deficiency, the few xerostomia in Tianjin, seminal emission chronic diarrhea, forgetful insomnia.Fruit of Fructus Schisandrae Chinensis is made Chinese medicine function supplementing QI for promoting the production of body fluid, the nourishing kidney of astringing the lung, antidiarrheal, arresting seminal emission, is calmed the nerves, and can control diseases such as chronic cough dyspnea due to deficiency, the few xerostomia in Tianjin, seminal emission chronic diarrhea, forgetful insomnia.The pharmacological testing proof can be regulated central nervous system's excitement and process of inhibition, promotes body metabolism, regulates the secretion of gastric juice and bile, and hepatitis convalescent period transaminase rising person is had the reduction effect." book on Chinese herbal medicine converges and says ": the medicine that Fructus Schisandrae Chinensis, astringing QI promote the production of body fluid also.So gas that the Tang Materia Medica master restrains the dissipation of deficiency of the lung chronic cough.All deficiency of vital energy dyspnea with rapid respiration, the cough with dyspnea strain, spirit is not enough, and the arteries and veins gesture is hollow, or the impairment caused by overstrain yang-energy; It is thin that limbs are won, or empty gas is superior, spontaneous perspiration frequently, or deficiency of YIN fire inflammation is exhausted by smart unit; Or the exhaustion of YIN YANG-depletion, refreshing scattered pulse takes off, and controls it with Fructus Schisandrae Chinensis, and its acid of salty usefulness is held back and is promoted the production of body fluid, and protects reinforcing premodial qi and does not have spermatorrhea also.So go into lung last, be lowered to kidney, go into the benefit that lung has the Jiyuan of promoting the production of body fluid, going into kidney has controlling nocturnal emission with astringent drugs to support the merit of marrow.
Rhizoma Atractylodis Macrocephalae bitter in the mouth, sweet, temperature.Return spleen, stomach warp.Cure mainly invigorating the spleen and benefiting QI, the dampness diuretic, hidroschesis, antiabortive.Be used for insufficiency of the spleen lack of appetite, abdominal distention is had loose bowels, phlegm retention vertigo and palpitation, edema, spontaneous perspiration, frequent fetal movement." property of medicine opinion " carried it: monarch, and sweet in the mouth, suffering, nontoxic.Can main big migratory arthralgia, diarrhea due to disorder of qi for many years, trusted subordinate's distending pain, the broken dyspepsia that disappears, sputum is removed in appetizing, removes cold and heat, lets out under ending.Interarea light is pleased, and preserves youthful looks, and goes to deceive.The swelling of harnessing the river is full, tells vomiting, and cold type of pain in the abdomen is vomited and diarrhoea incessantly, and the insufficiency of stomach-QI cold-dysentery.
Rhizoma Dioscoreae sweet in the mouth, property are put down, and go into lung, spleen, kidney channel; Not dry oiliness, strengthening the spleen and tonifying the lung, stomach reinforcing the kidney invigorating are arranged, the benefit of reinforcing the kidney essence, hearing-improing and eyesight improving, help the five internal organs, bone and muscle strengthening, grow that will is calmed the nerves, effect of prolonging life; Cure mainly that weakness of the spleen and stomach, lassitude, inappetence, chronic diarrhea and dysentery, insufficiency of lung-QI are dry, diseases such as phlegm dyspnea cough, kidney qi loss, soreness of the waist and knees, lower limb flaccidity are weak, red swollen, the obesity of the frequent micturition of quenching one's thirst, seminal emission premature ejaculation, leukorrhagia nebulousurine, skin.Compendium of Material Medica is summarized five big functions " kidney tonifying gas, strengthening the spleen and stomach, stopping leak dysentery, the saliva that reduces phlegm, profit skin ".Rhizoma Dioscoreae is cooked congee or simmers with crystal sugar and takes after ripe, and, enteritis poor to health, deficiency of the kidney chronic diseases are all effective in cure.Strengthen the spleen and stomach: the treatment weakness of the spleen and stomach, have loose bowels, body is tired, lack of appetite, sweating due to debility.The lung benefiting nourishing kidney: these article are cold not dry, and sweet in the mouth matter profit can be treated the lung diseases such as quenching one's thirst of decreasing, seminal emission, leukorrhagia of suffering from a deficiency of the kidney.Be described as angle's medicine.
The Pericarpium Citri Reticulatae temperature; Hot, bitter; Returning the bitter substance of spleen, lung meridian Pericarpium Citri Reticulatae is representative " limonoid " with Fructus Citri Limoniae glycosides and bitter principle, and this limonoid flavor is gentle, is prone to be dissolved in water, helps the digestion of food.When Pericarpium Citri Reticulatae is used for cooking dishes.Its bitterness and other tastes are in harmonious proportion each other, can form original in style local flavor.Pericarpium Citri Reticulatae contains compositions such as volatile oil, hesperidin, vitamin B, C, and its contained volatile oil has gentle stimulation to gastrointestinal tract, but the secretion of facilitating digestion liquid is got rid of pneumatosis in the intestinal tube, stimulating appetite.Pericarpium Citri Reticulatae also is a conventional Chinese medicine simply, has spleen invigorating, the drying dampness to eliminate phlegm of ventilation, the effect of separating greasy lasting, stopping nausea and vomiting by lowering the adverse flow of QI.
Semen Myristicae (formal name used at school Myristica fragrans Houtt.) astringent medicinal; Drugs for dispelling internal cold; Qi-activating drug.The property hot bitter in the mouth, temperature.Return spleen; Stomach; Large intestine channel.Effect cures mainly the warming middle-JIAO astringing intestine to stop diarrhea; Promote qi circulation digestion promoting.Be used for diarrhea of deficiency type; Cold-dysentery; Abdominal distention; The lack of appetite vomiting; Dyspepsia does not disappear." Japan hanako materia medica ": in the accent, the therapeutic method to keep the adverse QI flowing downwards, antidiarrheal dysentery, appetizing helps digestion.The outer network of skin, the therapeutic method to keep the adverse QI flowing downwards, alcoholic intoxication is controlled cholera." Kaibao Bencao ": warming middle-JIAO, control accumulation of pathogenic cold trusted subordinate distending pain, the cholera attacked by pestiferous factors, spitting saliva, cold air, the stopping leak that helps digestion, children's's breast is suddenly." detailed outline ": warming the spleen and stomach, Gu large intestine.
Fructus Aurantii is bitter, hot, sour, temperature.Return spleen, stomach warp.The function regulating the flow of QI to ease the stomach, the stagnant relieving distension of row.Be used for the breast side of body stagnation of QI, distension pain, accumulation of food in the stomach and intes tine due to indigestion stops in the phlegm retention; Gastroptosis, proctoptosis, sub-official's prolapsus." Bencao Jingshu ": Fructus Aurantii, abnormal smells from the patient is led, and is identical generally with Fructus Aurantii Immaturus.But Fructus Aurantii Immaturus shape is little, and its gas is complete, and its property is strong, so kind assigning; Fructus Aurantii shape is big, and its gas looses, and its property is slow, and Gu Qihang is slow slightly, is with the branch of able person's chest and diaphragm lung stomach and goes into large intestine also.Its main air paralysis of itching, easing joint movement ends wind pain person, covers lung governing skin and hair, stomach master muscle; Wind and cold wets in two warps, skin pruritus then, or have a pain, or numb, this medicine has hardship to let out hot diffusing merit; Doublely can draw all wind medicines and go into two dirtyly, so required for controlling wind, ailment said due to cold or exposure is both diffusing, then saves the nature tonneau.It treats the consumptive disease cough, the bored and listless person of back of the body arm, and lid also refers to that wind and cold is strongly fragrant in the part of the body cavity above the diaphragm housing the heart and lungs, then lung qi stagnates and is bored and listless cough.
Radix Puerariae induces sweat and brings down a fever, and promotes the production of body fluid rash, yang invigorating antidiarrheal.Be used for fever caused by exogenous pathogens headache, hypertension neck pain, thirsty, quench one's thirst, measles without adequate eruption, hematodiarrhoea, have loose bowels.Compendium of Material Medica is carried: Radix Puerariae, cool in nature, gas is put down, sweet in the mouth, tool heat clearing away, pathogenic fire reducing, all effects of toxin expelling.Modern medicine study shows: the isoflavonoid puerarin in the Radix Puerariae has certain curative effect to hypertension, hyperlipidemia, hyperglycemia and cardiovascular and cerebrovascular disease.The elevate a turnable ladder yang-energy, light clear liter of the antidiarrheal of quenching the thirst Radix Puerariae loose, and the property of medicine rises to be sent out, and willow is lifted yang-energy, and A healthy wind prevails to inspire body, and body fluid cloth is capable.Rise a clear positive air of taste and quench the thirst antidiarrheal dysentery.So being usually used in treating interior-heat quenches one's thirst, measles is sent out not smooth thoroughly, diseases such as diarrhoea, dysentery.
Herba Violae is Violaceae Chinese violet, Herba Violae japonicae; The whole herb with root of leguminous plant Gueldenstaedtia verna, little Gueldenstaedtia verna or gentianaceae plant south China Radix Gentianae (property of medicine of above-mentioned these medicinal herbs is similar, field of Chinese medicines common name Herba Violae, can use with, and also the property of medicine is similar in the present invention, can use with).Can clearing away heat-damp and promoting diuresis, removing toxic substances and promoting subsidence of swelling.Control furuncle, carbuncle, scrofula, jaundice, dysentery, diarrhoea, conjunctival congestion, sore throat, venom." the southern regions of the Yunnan Province book on Chinese herbal medicine ": removing blood stasis, separate the carbuncle mange, nine kinds of hemorrhoid, all sore diseases." detailed outline ": cure mainly all carbuncle carbuncle on the back, the furuncle scrofula that swells, innominate toxic swelling, malignant boil." it is former that book on Chinese herbal medicine is asked ": removing heat from blood, detumescence poison.Control the heat in blood flaccidity due to malnutrition of tendons, deposited skin ulcer is wonderful." south of the Five Ridges gather medicinal herbs record ": make cathartic and tell medicine." Chinese herbal medicine is used in Shanghai always ": heat-clearing and toxic substances removing, externally applied toxicity removing detumescence.Control conjunctival congestion and swelling pain, hordeolum is treated pyogenic infections from tumour or sore, acute mastitis, enteritis, diarrhea, venom.
JIAOSANXIAN (Fructus Crataegi, Fructus Hordei Germinatus, Massa Medicata Fermentata) is three flavor medicine, i.e. Fructus Hordei Germinatus (parched to brown), Fructus Crataegi (parched to brown), Massa Medicata Fermentata (parched to brown).This three flavors medicine all has the good removing food stagnancyization function that stagnates, but different features is separately arranged.Fructus Hordei Germinatus (parched to brown) has the effect of good digestible starch group food; Fructus Crataegi (parched to brown) is good at treating meat or greasy dyspepsia due to too much; Massa Medicata Fermentata (parched to brown) then is beneficial to digestion rice and flour food.Three medicines share, and can strengthen digestive function significantly.Therefore, the doctor often share three medicines and is called " JIAOSANXIAN (Fructus Crataegi, Fructus Hordei Germinatus, Massa Medicata Fermentata) " clinically.
Fructus Hordei Germinatus forms through barley germination, and Fructus Hordei Germinatus is put in the pot little stir-fry to yellow, sprays clear water, and taking-up is dried, and is Fructus Hordei Germinatus (parched to brown).Fructus Hordei Germinatus (parched to brown) has invigorating the spleen and regulating the stomach, the stagnant merit of soothing liver-QIization, is used to treat that food stagnation does not disappear, disease such as distension and fullness in the abdomen, inappetence, vomiting are had loose bowels.Modern study thinks that rich in starch catabolic enzyme, conversion carbohydrase, fat enzyme, vitamin B etc. have good digestion-aid effect in the Fructus Hordei Germinatus.
Fructus Crataegi, section is dried, and puts big stir-fry to the outer wrinkly face brown of useing force in the pot, inner yellowish-brown for spending, spraying clear water, and taking-up is dried, and is