CN101794520B - Intelligent transportation system based on telecommunication technology and communication method thereof - Google Patents

Intelligent transportation system based on telecommunication technology and communication method thereof Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN101794520B
CN101794520B CN2010101237938A CN201010123793A CN101794520B CN 101794520 B CN101794520 B CN 101794520B CN 2010101237938 A CN2010101237938 A CN 2010101237938A CN 201010123793 A CN201010123793 A CN 201010123793A CN 101794520 B CN101794520 B CN 101794520B
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
bus
module
station board
intelligent
intelligent station
Prior art date
Application number
CN2010101237938A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN101794520A (en
Inventor
任兆玉
王宏强
赵建旺
许冠军
Original Assignee
任兆玉
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 任兆玉 filed Critical 任兆玉
Priority to CN2010101237938A priority Critical patent/CN101794520B/en
Publication of CN101794520A publication Critical patent/CN101794520A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN101794520B publication Critical patent/CN101794520B/en

Links

Abstract

The invention discloses an intelligent transportation system based on telecommunication technology, comprising buses, a plurality of bus stops and a control center; wherein the control center comprises GPRS MODEM and a master control computer loaded with GIS electronic map, the GPRS MODEM communicates with the GIS electronic map; the bus is provided with a vehicle-bone system, the vehicle-bone system comprises a first control module, the first control module is respectively connected with a GPRS communication module, a first wireless communication module and a radio frequency identification (RFID) module; the bus stop is an intelligent one and comprises a second control module, the second control module is respectively connected with an LED display module, a second communication module and an LCD display module, and the intelligent stop is also provided with an RFID tag. The system not only can cause passenger to obtain more riding information, is convenient for dispatching and is beneficial to public traffic management, but also has low price.

Description

A kind of intelligent public transportation system and communication means thereof based on telecommunication technology

Technical field

The invention belongs to the traffic control system field, relate to a kind of intelligent public transportation system, especially a kind of based on telecommunication technologies such as GPRS, RFID, radio communication and GIS intelligent public transportation system and based on the communication means of this system.

Background technology

Along with the raising of living standards of the people, the private savings automobile becomes people's walking-replacing tool, and still, when the private savings automobile was more and more, how the transport solution problem of blocking up became an important topic of big and medium-sized cities.Wherein the most effective solution is exactly to reduce the quantity of private car as far as possible, greatly develops public transport, and therefore, when living standards of the people improved, public transport was being played the part of important role in the traffic on the contrary in modern times.

At present, what the public transport station board used is traditional station board, its function singleness, and quantity of information is few, is difficult to satisfy the demand of passenger's trip.The passenger somewhere that will take bus at the station board place for example, it is the fastest to foresee which bus in advance, where has arrived, so be easy to cause blindness and time waste by bus.There are many defectives in the system that traditional in addition public traffic management uses the place, control station to get the ticket endorsed, regularly dispatch a car; In the for example driving process; Bus is in the blind area of public traffic management; So can't guarantee bus spacing in the driving process evenly, and can do nothing to help the traffic monitoring personnel and carry out effective traffic administration.

At present, what have that a kind of method is used for intelligent bus is the GPRS location, and this method utilizes GPRS to transmit data to control center, and this method is restricted in the ideal case few, and orientation range is wide.But this kind method has following shortcoming: the occlusion effect in city has deviation when causing the GPS location; Need the special location algorithm of GPS to resolve the particular location of vehicle; Use GPS module price also than higher in this method; Do not consider effective utilization of station board position distribution.

Also has a kind of method that is applied to intelligent bus in addition; Like one Chinese patent application number is 200710045444.7; Patent name is " multi-line public transport electronic station board system ", and it uses the GPRS on the public transport stop board to accomplish telecommunication to control the demonstration of each station board.Need all GP configuring RS modules of each station board in the method, the cost of whole piece circuit is higher like this, and price is more expensive comparatively speaking, and control center does not have monitor supervision platform intuitively.

One Chinese patent application number is 200610089206.1 for another example; Patent name mainly uses DSRC (Dedicated ShortRange Communication for the patent of " a kind of vehicle arrival time forecasting procedure of digital bus system "; Abbreviation DSRC) accomplishes communicating by letter of bus and station board and obtain the information of station board that vehicle arrives; Through telecommunication vehicle location is communicated to the pulpit then, and then obtains the time that it arrives other station boards through the statistical computation of pulpit.Though this method can realize for the arrive at a station prediction in advance of information of public transport preferably; But on business hand on station board and the bus and all need install the telecommunication module additional; Cost is than higher, and control center's monitor supervision platform intuitively not equally, is unfavorable for the scheduling of managerial personnel for the public transport traffic.

Summary of the invention

The objective of the invention is to overcome the shortcoming of above-mentioned prior art; A kind of intelligent public transportation system based on telecommunication technology is provided, and this system not only can make the passenger obtain more riding information, also can conveniently dispatch simultaneously; Be beneficial to the public transport traffic administration, and this system price is cheap.

The objective of the invention is to solve through following technical scheme:

This intelligent public transportation system based on telecommunication technology; Comprise bus and be distributed in the some public transport stop boards on the public bus network; Also include a control center; The main control computer that said control center comprises GPRSMODEM and the GIS electronic chart is housed, the GIS electronic chart communication on said GPRS MODEM and the main control computer; Bus is provided with onboard system, and said onboard system comprises first control module, and first control module is connected with GPRS communication module, first wireless communication module and RFID radio frequency identification module respectively; Said public transport stop board is intelligent station board, and said intelligent station board comprises second control module, and second control module is connected with LED display module, second wireless communication module and LCD display module respectively, also is provided with the RFID RFID tag on the said intelligent station board.

Above-mentioned first control module and second control module all are based on the control module of single-chip microcomputer or arm microprocessor.

Above-mentioned first wireless communication module and second wireless communication module are bluetooth module, RF communication module or Zigbee communication module.

The present invention also provides a kind of public transport communication means based on above-mentioned intelligent public transportation system, specifically may further comprise the steps:

(1), the onboard system of each bus is through vehicle-mounted RFID radio frequency identification module, reads the RFID RFID tag numbering of the intelligent station board that current bus stops, and sends first control module of the onboard system of current bus to.

(2), control center communicates by letter through the GPRS communication module of onboard system on GPRS MODEM and each bus, obtain the positional information at each bus place, and be presented on the GIS electronic chart;

(3), second wireless communication module of each intelligent station board communicates with first wireless communication module of the onboard system of the bus of stopping each intelligent station board respectively; Obtain the concrete stop information of current stop bus; And stop information is sent to second control module, second control module shows through the stop information of LED display module with current stop bus; Each intelligent station board also mails to other the intelligent station board that is adjacent behind second control module coding of stop information via the local intelligent station board with current stop bus simultaneously;

(4) after bus other intelligent station board along the line receives bus stop information through second wireless communication module; Calculate through second control module; Obtain the estimated time that bus arrives this intelligent station board, and be presented on the LCD display module of this intelligent station board.

In the above step (3), said bus stop information comprises numbering, berthing time and the car number of our station board.

The present invention has following beneficial effect:

In system of the present invention, bus and control center use GPRS to communicate, and Che Yuzhan, stand and the station between use short-distance wireless communication technology.Not only can be through the current position of certain bus of LCD display module demonstration, arrive at a station prediction and other advertising messages etc. on intelligent station board; Control center can show the operation conditions of public transit vehicle in real time through the GIS electronic chart simultaneously, thereby is very easy to the management of public transport.The present invention adopts conventional in addition and low-cost equipment is realized total system; And can realize the stable operation of system based on the communication means of this system; Technical scheme of the present invention has compared with prior art reduced cost effectively, makes intelligent public transportation system be easier to promote.

Description of drawings

Fig. 1 is a system architecture diagram of the present invention;

Fig. 2 is system works flow process figure of the present invention.

Embodiment

Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing the present invention is done and to describe in further detail:

Referring to Fig. 1 and Fig. 2; Intelligent public transportation system of the present invention mainly comprises bus, is distributed in some public transport stop boards and a control center on the public bus network; The main control computer that said control center comprises GPRSMODEM and the GIS electronic chart is housed, and the GIS electronic chart communication on GPRS MODEM and the main control computer; Bus is provided with onboard system, and onboard system comprises first control module based on single-chip microcomputer or arm microprocessor, and first control module is connected with GPRS communication module, first wireless communication module and RFID radio frequency identification module respectively.Public transport stop board is intelligent station board; It is made up of two parts, public transport stop board frame and intelligent object, and the public transport stop board frame is fixed on the station board position; On the public transport stop board frame, intelligent object is installed, the design form of public transport stop board frame can be considered according to the needs of intelligent object and combined factors such as attractive in appearance.Intelligent object comprises second control module based on single-chip microcomputer or arm microprocessor; Second control module is connected with LED display module, second wireless communication module and LCD display module respectively; On intelligent station board, also be provided with the RFID RFID tag, this RFID RFID tag directly is fixed on the public transport stop board frame and is easy to the position that scanned.

Above first wireless communication module and second wireless communication module can adopt bluetooth module of the prior art, RF communication module or Zigbee communication module.

Based on above system, public transit system communication means of the present invention is according to following steps:

(1), control center communicates by letter through the GPRS communication module of onboard system on GPRS MODEM and the bus, obtains the positional information at current bus place, and information such as vehicle-mounted number, and being presented on the GIS electronic chart.

(2), described intelligent station board obtains the RFID tag number on the current stop bus through RF communication; Then this bus arrival information is presented on the LED display module of this intelligent station board, intelligent station board is stopped information (like numbering, berthing time and the car number of this station board) with bus and is mail to the onboard system on the bus through first wireless communication module; In addition, intelligent station board mails to other the intelligent station board that is adjacent after also the bus information of stopping being encoded via second control module.

(3) after bus other intelligent station board along the line receives bus stop information, calculate the estimated time that obtains this intelligent station board of bus arrival through second control module, and be presented on the LCD display module of this intelligent station board.

As having shown wherein a kind of realization flow synoptic diagram of system of the present invention among Fig. 2:

In figure, the intelligent station board number that is arranged on a certain public bus network is the same with existing public transport stop board, is provided with n (n>1) according to the length of circuit; Serial number is by 1 to n, and wherein each intelligent station board is with the onboard system communication of bus, among the figure with the example that operates to of a bus; An all more than car on every public bus network in reality; Therefore, this system can move by many cars simultaneously, and the onboard system of bus reads the RFID RFID tag of intelligent station board; The coding of acquisition public transport stop board will arrive this bus in other website time estimated values simultaneously and station board LCD wants content displayed to give intelligent station board system.Onboard system on the bus sends to control center with the numbering of the station trade mark that is arrived and this car through GPRS, and control center sends to onboard system with the estimated value that this car arrives other intelligent station boards.Intelligence station board 1 is with this vehicle at rest our station and be delivered to estimated time of arriving other station boards intelligent station board 2; Intelligence station board 2 is given intelligent station board 1 in its data and is removed about the information of this station board; Remaining sends to next station board; And the like, be delivered to last intelligent station board n place of our station always, thereby accomplish the information transmission between each the intelligent station board on the whole piece public bus network.

Claims (4)

1. intelligent public transportation system based on telecommunication technology; Comprise bus and be distributed in the some public transport stop boards on the public bus network; It is characterized in that: also include a control center; The main control computer that said control center comprises GPRS MODEM and the GIS electronic chart is housed, the GIS electronic chart communication on said GPRSMODEM and the main control computer; Bus is provided with onboard system, and said onboard system comprises first control module, and said first control module is connected with GPRS communication module, first wireless communication module and RFID radio frequency identification module respectively; Said public transport stop board is intelligent station board, and said intelligent station board comprises second control module, and second control module is connected with LED display module, second wireless communication module and LCD display module respectively, also is provided with the RFID RFID tag on the said intelligent station board;
The onboard system of each bus reads the RFID RFID tag numbering of the intelligent station board of current bus stop through vehicle-mounted RFID radio frequency identification module, and sends first control module of the onboard system of current bus to; Control center communicates by letter through the GPRS communication module of onboard system on GPRS MODEM and each bus, obtains the positional information at each bus place, and is presented on the GIS electronic chart; Second wireless communication module of each intelligent station board communicates with first wireless communication module of the onboard system of the bus of stopping each intelligent station board respectively; Obtain the concrete stop information of current stop bus; And stop information is sent to second control module, second control module shows through the stop information of LED display module with current stop bus; Each intelligent station board also mails to other the intelligent station board that is adjacent behind second control module coding of stop information via the local intelligent station board with current stop bus simultaneously; After bus other intelligent station board along the line receives bus stop information through second wireless communication module, calculate, obtain the estimated time that bus arrives this intelligent station board, and be presented on the LCD display module of this intelligent station board through second control module; Said bus stop information comprises numbering, berthing time and the car number of our station board.
2. the intelligent public transportation system based on telecommunication technology according to claim 1 is characterized in that: said first control module and second control module all are based on the control module of single-chip microcomputer or arm microprocessor.
3. the intelligent public transportation system based on telecommunication technology according to claim 1 is characterized in that: said first wireless communication module and second wireless communication module are bluetooth module, RF communication module or Zigbee communication module.
4. the public transport communication means based on the said intelligent public transportation system of claim 1 is characterized in that, may further comprise the steps:
(1), the onboard system of each bus is through vehicle-mounted RFID radio frequency identification module, reads the RFID RFID tag numbering of the intelligent station board that current bus stops, and sends first control module of the onboard system of current bus to;
(2), control center communicates by letter through the GPRS communication module of onboard system on GPRS MODEM and each bus, obtain the positional information at each bus place, and be presented on the GIS electronic chart;
(3), second wireless communication module of each intelligent station board communicates with first wireless communication module of the onboard system of the bus of stopping each intelligent station board respectively; Obtain the concrete stop information of current stop bus; And stop information is sent to second control module, second control module shows through the stop information of LED display module with current stop bus; Each intelligent station board also mails to other the intelligent station board that is adjacent behind second control module coding of stop information via the local intelligent station board with current stop bus simultaneously;
(4) after bus other intelligent station board along the line receives bus stop information through second wireless communication module; Calculate through second control module; Obtain the estimated time that bus arrives this intelligent station board, and be presented on the LCD display module of this intelligent station board.
CN2010101237938A 2010-03-15 2010-03-15 Intelligent transportation system based on telecommunication technology and communication method thereof CN101794520B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2010101237938A CN101794520B (en) 2010-03-15 2010-03-15 Intelligent transportation system based on telecommunication technology and communication method thereof

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2010101237938A CN101794520B (en) 2010-03-15 2010-03-15 Intelligent transportation system based on telecommunication technology and communication method thereof

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN101794520A CN101794520A (en) 2010-08-04
CN101794520B true CN101794520B (en) 2012-07-04

Family

ID=42587189

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN2010101237938A CN101794520B (en) 2010-03-15 2010-03-15 Intelligent transportation system based on telecommunication technology and communication method thereof

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN101794520B (en)

Families Citing this family (17)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102184643B (en) * 2011-05-03 2015-07-15 郑州大学 Intelligent public transport crew system
CN102325371A (en) * 2011-07-26 2012-01-18 范海绍 Wireless sport team positioning and communication system
CN102682612B (en) * 2012-05-18 2014-05-07 东南大学 Integration type signalized intersection bus priority system based on bus stop platform control
CN102750623A (en) * 2012-06-15 2012-10-24 北京冶联科技有限公司 Digital coal yard automotive coal vehicle unloading point management system and method
CN107180549A (en) * 2012-08-20 2017-09-19 黄宝梅 Bus driving information indicates system
CN107369329A (en) * 2012-08-20 2017-11-21 黄宝梅 A kind of bus driving information indicates system
CN102867431A (en) * 2012-09-19 2013-01-09 江苏省交通规划设计院股份有限公司 Zigbee and RFID (Radio Frequency Identification) technology-based electronic bus stop board broadcasting system and method
CN103268710B (en) * 2013-04-11 2015-08-05 山东大学 Lead take advantage of board system and method for work based on the accurate public transport of RFID/WSN queue of arriving at a station
CN103247172A (en) * 2013-05-27 2013-08-14 苏州洁祥电子有限公司 Bus arrival time prompt system
CN103280119A (en) * 2013-05-27 2013-09-04 苏州洁祥电子有限公司 Automatic bus station reporting system
CN103366597B (en) * 2013-06-28 2016-02-24 上海新兴媒体信息传播有限公司 The method adopting ZIGBEE to carry out bus and electronic stop sign information to exchange
CN103778800A (en) * 2014-02-19 2014-05-07 东南大学 Method for setting system for notifying arrival time of small-station-space bus in advance
CN103871267B (en) * 2014-03-26 2018-05-15 东阳市天齐知识产权运营有限公司 A kind of online bus stop announcement device of bus energy-conserving and its method of work
CN103996303A (en) * 2014-04-11 2014-08-20 云南省交通科学研究所 RFID-based bus-mounted terminal device
TWI522974B (en) * 2014-10-06 2016-02-21 Chunghwa Telecom Co Ltd Arrival time prediction system and method
CN104954435A (en) * 2015-04-28 2015-09-30 青岛理工大学 ZigBee and Web GIS integrated city bus operation monitoring system
CN105321368A (en) * 2015-09-17 2016-02-10 太仓苏易信息科技有限公司 Bus prompting system

Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2005116955A1 (en) * 2004-05-19 2005-12-08 Electronic Data Systems Corporation System and method for notification of arrival of bus or other vehicle
CN1845197A (en) * 2006-03-30 2006-10-11 陈继努 Public transportation vehicle electronic stop sign information display and intelligent control management system
CN201170928Y (en) * 2008-03-18 2008-12-24 辛克瑜 RFID intelligent public transport system

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2005116955A1 (en) * 2004-05-19 2005-12-08 Electronic Data Systems Corporation System and method for notification of arrival of bus or other vehicle
CN1845197A (en) * 2006-03-30 2006-10-11 陈继努 Public transportation vehicle electronic stop sign information display and intelligent control management system
CN201170928Y (en) * 2008-03-18 2008-12-24 辛克瑜 RFID intelligent public transport system

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
CN101794520A (en) 2010-08-04

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN105006145B (en) A kind of taxi guidance scheduling system
CN105070037B (en) A kind of public traffic information platform and progress control method that integrated management is reported
CN103531025B (en) A kind of share-car method utilizing line sectionalizing method to carry out match information
CN105047012B (en) Intelligent garage guiding and pick-up navigation system and method based on RFID label tag
US9117372B2 (en) Transportation system arrival and departure time calculation and display system
CN101383089B (en) Vehicle matching scheduling system and method
CN103198564B (en) Public transportation system and public transport charging method
CN101572011B (en) System and method for intelligently dispatching and managing urban public transports
CN101315731B (en) System for implementing vehicle monitoring scheduling by GPS intelligent vehicle mounted terminal
CN103761874B (en) Mutual and the display system of intelligent public transport information
CN103200525B (en) A kind of car networking trackside information gathering and service system
CN103366552B (en) A kind of intelligent public transportation system and its implementation
CN101520945B (en) Automatic scheduling method for urban public bus lines
CN103544591A (en) Intelligent logistics distribution system and logistics distribution method based on cloud services
CN102542790B (en) Intelligent scheduling method for selecting taxi-parking passenger-carrying point
CN105489048A (en) Urban public transport issuing and querying system
CN104217585A (en) Taxi pooling method, system and server
CN105243836A (en) Carpooling method and device
CN103593997B (en) Intelligent bus locating query system
CN103198647B (en) A kind of urban intelligent transportation query system based on Internet of Things
CN101840634A (en) Urban real-time road condition interactive system, device and method based on internet of things
CN103426304B (en) Intelligent bus station system
CN105225472A (en) A kind of share-car method and apparatus
CN202748935U (en) Bus station-stopping interaction control system
CN103258424B (en) Intelligent public transport service system and control method

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
PB01 Publication
C06 Publication
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
C10 Entry into substantive examination
GR01 Patent grant
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20120704

Termination date: 20130315

C17 Cessation of patent right