CN101789188A - Dynamic parking navigation system used at inner part of parking lot - Google Patents

Dynamic parking navigation system used at inner part of parking lot Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101789188A
CN101789188A CN201010131051A CN201010131051A CN101789188A CN 101789188 A CN101789188 A CN 101789188A CN 201010131051 A CN201010131051 A CN 201010131051A CN 201010131051 A CN201010131051 A CN 201010131051A CN 101789188 A CN101789188 A CN 101789188A
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China
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parking
module
navigation
wireless
dynamic
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CN201010131051A
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Chinese (zh)
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刘征
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天津信电科技发展有限公司
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Priority to CN201010131051A priority Critical patent/CN101789188A/en
Publication of CN101789188A publication Critical patent/CN101789188A/en

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Abstract

The invention relates to a dynamic parking navigation system used at the inner part of a parking lot. The dynamic parking navigation system is formed by the connection of an on-vehicle parking navigation terminal, a parking lot navigation server and a wireless parking space detecting network through wireless communication. The wireless parking space detecting network is formed by the connection of parking space detectors through wireless communication, and the parking space detectors are respectively arranged on parking spaces. The on-vehicle parking navigation terminal is arranged in a vehicle to be parked. By integrating the functions of detecting as well as collecting the parking spaces in the parking lot and positioning as well as navigating the vehicle to be parked, the dynamic parking navigation system thoroughly solves the problems of difficult parking space finding and difficult parking at the inner part of the parking lot, and meanwhile is convenient for a parking user to quickly as well as accurately find the target parking space. With full-automatic and intelligent navigation, the dynamic parking navigation system is of great significance in increasing the parking efficiency of the large-sized parking lot particularly the indoor parking lot, shortening the finding as well as waiting time of the user, and improving the utilizing rate of the parking spaces.

Description

The dynamic parking navigation system that is used for inside, parking lot

Technical field

The present invention relates to the automobile navigation control system, especially a kind of dynamic parking navigation system that is used for inside, parking lot.

Background technology

At present, along with the fast development of automobile industry, the problem of parking difficulty is more and more serious in the city.In order to solve the problem that parking space lacks, set up the parking garage in a lot of cities.The parking garage is very complicated in design and use, and increasing of waiting to stop also makes inside, parking lot be difficult to seek the parking stall, and parking is wasted time and energy.Because the parking garage can't receive the GPS positioning signal, therefore can't utilize the GPS technology to realize the self-navigation function.At the problems referred to above, people have proposed following auxiliary system or equipments of parking:

1, (application number is patent documentation " navigator parking stall message pick-up indicating device ": 200620015505.6) disclose a kind of navigator parking stall message pick-up indicating device, it has increased wireless receiving module and parking stall functional module on the basis of navigator, by the parking stall information channeling conduct that on navigator, receives and send in the demonstration parking lot, but, it is a stopping guide equipment in essence, rather than navigational system, it can only obtain the information in current parking lot, wait the position at a place of stopping but can not locate, so can't carry out real-time navigation in inside, parking lot.The user can only oneself go to seek suitable parking stall and park, and can not formulate specific parking service for each user according to present parking lot situation.The situation that if the user is unfamiliar with the parking lot or many automobiles of synchronization enter simultaneously, the rough sledding that causes many automobiles to go to same parking stall simultaneously easily influences the uniform dispatching in parking lot.

2, (application number is patent documentation " intelligent parking position guide management device ": 200510036127.X) disclose a kind of intelligent parking position guide management device, its flicker by pilot lamp on the parking stall of allocating in advance guides the user to stop, this method has solved the automatic booting problem of parking stall, seeks the parking stall but this method is not easy to the user.If the parking stall that the user distributes is advanced into earlier waits to stop and take, system can't carry out dynamic assignment once more according to the variation of parking space information to the user in real time, causes the disorder of system, brings bigger inconvenience to the user.

3, patent documentation " based on the parking lot of CAN bus lead the position and management devices " (application number is: 200820068766.3) disclose a kind of parking lot based on the CAN bus lead the position and management devices, it utilizes parking stall statistics and bootstrap module, determines the parking spot channeling conduct by the indication of avigation light.This method can only be monitored each regional parking stall number distribution situation in real time, when causing wagon flow to be concentrated easily to the guiding in zone, cause full position, this zone and wait in a large number to stop and be blocked in this regional situation, system in this case dynamically update and guide not prompt enough.

Summary of the invention

The objective of the invention is to overcome the deficiencies in the prior art, propose a kind ofly can improve the parking efficient in parking lot and reduce the dynamic parking navigation system that is used for inside, parking lot that the user seeks the stand-by period.

The present invention solves its technical matters and takes following technical scheme to realize:

A kind of dynamic parking navigation system that is used for inside, parking lot, connect and compose by wireless communication mode by vehicle-mounted parking navigation terminal, parking ground navigation server and wireless parking stall measure network, this is wireless, and the parking stall measure network is connected and composed by wireless communication mode by the parking space detector that is installed on each parking stall, in this vehicle-mounted parking navigation terminal is installed in and waits to stop.

And, adopt less radio-frequency to carry out communication between vehicle-mounted parking navigation terminal, parking ground navigation server, the wireless parking stall measure network, adopt less radio-frequency to carry out communication between the parking space detector in the wireless parking stall measure network, the frequency of operation of described less radio-frequency is 433MHz.

And, described vehicle-mounted parking navigation terminal comprises main control module, LCD display module, touch-screen load module, wireless telecommunications and locating module, and main control module is connected with LCD display module, touch-screen load module, wireless telecommunications and locating module respectively by the I/O interface.

And described main control module adopts the S3C6410 processor, and described wireless telecommunications and locating module adopt the CC430 module, and described display module adopts 5 inches very color liquid crystal displays.

And, described parking space detector comprises CPU module, wireless communication module, geomagnetic sensor module and power management module, CPU module is connected with wireless communication module and geomagnetic sensor module respectively by the I/O interface, and power management module is connected with CPU module, wireless communication module, geomagnetic sensor module provides power supply for each module.

And, what described CPU module adopted is the MSP430 microprocessor chip, described wireless communication module adopts CC1101 hyperchannel radio-frequency (RF) transceiver, and described geomagnetic sensor module adopts the MMC2120MG sensor, and what described power management module adopted is the LP2985 power supply chip.

And described parking ground navigation server is connected and composed by computing machine and wireless communication apparatus that parking navigation software is installed.

Advantage of the present invention and good effect are:

1, this dynamic parking navigation system is with the geomagnetic sensor technology, technology of Internet of things and embedded technology organically combine, waiting to stop and sending data with the peripherad parking space detector of the forms of broadcasting after entering the parking lot of vehicle-mounted parking navigation terminal is installed, parking space detector can detect the state of all parking stalls in real time and the current location determining to wait to stop after send to the parking ground navigation server, the parking ground navigation server according to the parking condition of all current parking stalls of parking lot and a current location of waiting to stop determine current idle parking stall, calculating is waited to stop and is sent vehicle-mounted parking navigation terminal to the driving path of target parking stall and by wireless parking stall measure network, automatically for treating that parking carries out parking navigation, its implementation procedure is full-automatic, intelligent navigation, thereby improved the parking efficient in parking lot, reduced the user and sought the parking stall time.

2, adopt the radio frequency communication mode of 433MHz to carry out the data transmission between the parking space detector of this dynamic parking navigation system, vehicle-mounted parking navigation terminal, the parking ground navigation server, solved the insurmountable indoor positioning navigation problem of GPS technology, simultaneously, parking space detector, vehicle-mounted parking navigation terminal adopt modular design to guarantee the reliability service of system and are convenient to and safeguard.

3, this dynamic vehicle-mounted parking navigation terminal show navigator result automatically of parking navigation system, can also be undertaken alternately by the touch-screen load module, make the user that sufficient independence be arranged when stopping, convenient for users to use, satisfied user's different needs.

4, the present invention integrates parking position detect, collect, wait to stop a location, navigation feature, thoroughly solve the problem that parking stall difficulty, parking difficulty are looked in inside, parking lot, the user of being convenient to stop searches out target parking position quickly and accurately, its implementation procedure is full-automatic, intelligent navigation, this system to promote large parking lot particularly the parking garage parking efficient, reduce the user and seek the stand-by period, improve the parking stall utilization factor and have vital role.

Description of drawings

Fig. 1 is a system of the present invention connection diagram;

Fig. 2 is the circuit block diagram of vehicle-mounted parking navigation terminal;

Fig. 3 is the circuit block diagram of parking space detector.

Embodiment

Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing the embodiment of the invention is further described.

A kind of dynamic parking navigation system that is used for inside, parking lot, as shown in Figure 1, connected and composed by wireless communication mode by vehicle-mounted parking navigation terminal, parking ground navigation server and wireless parking stall measure network, this is wireless, and the parking stall measure network is connected and composed by wireless communication mode by the parking space detector that is installed on each parking stall.All adopt wireless radio frequency mode to carry out communication between vehicle-mounted parking navigation terminal, parking ground navigation server, the wireless parking stall measure network and between the parking space detector of wireless parking stall measure network internal, the frequency of operation of this radio frequency communication adopts 433MHz.In vehicle-mounted parking navigation terminal was packed in and waits to stop, parking space detector was installed on each parking stall of inside, parking lot, and the parking ground navigation server can be installed in any position of inside, parking lot.Vehicle-mounted parking navigation terminal has demonstration, touch operation and wireless communication function, mainly be responsible for the parking lot internal map storage, show with the communication of parking space detector and with navigation results; Parking space detector be responsible for to be collected the parking stall status information in parking lot on the one hand, positions and carries out exchanges data with the parking navigation server by treating to stop with vehicle-mounted parking navigation terminal called on the other hand; The parking ground navigation server is connected and composed by computing machine and wireless communication apparatus that parking navigation software is installed, its device be responsible for compiling the real-time status information in all parking stalls and the positional information that remains to be stopped, utilize its inner parking navigation software to calculate guidance path for the user, navigation results finally sends to vehicle-mounted parking navigation terminal by wireless parking stall measure network and shows, the guiding user finishes the parking navigation function.

As shown in Figure 2, vehicle-mounted parking navigation terminal comprises main control module, LCD display module, touch-screen load module, wireless telecommunications and locating module, and main control module is connected with LCD display module, touch-screen load module, wireless telecommunications and locating module respectively by the I/O interface.Main control module receives the data of other modules and handles, and the result of processing shows that by the LCD display module touch-screen load module can be operated control to vehicle-mounted parking navigation terminal.In the present embodiment, main control module adopts the S3C6410 processor, the LCD display module adopts 5 inches very color liquid crystal displays, wireless telecommunications and locating module adopt the CC430 module, this CC430 module comprises MSP430 microprocessor and CC1101 hyperchannel radio-frequency (RF) transceiver in fact, inner CC1101 hyperchannel radio-frequency (RF) transceiver and adjacent inspection vehicle bit detector and parking ground navigation server carry out wireless communication function, inner microprocessor MSP430 controls the communication function of CC1101 hyperchannel radio-frequency (RF) transceiver and carries out interaction process with main control module, simultaneously the MSP430 microprocessor by detect its with the adjacent vehicle bit detector between communication signal intensity, treat parking and position.

As shown in Figure 3, parking space detector is connected and composed by CPU module, wireless communication module, geomagnetic sensor module and power management module, CPU module is connected with wireless communication module and geomagnetic sensor module respectively by the I/O interface, and power management module is connected with CPU module, wireless communication module, geomagnetic sensor module provides power supply for each module.CPU module is responsible for the functions such as scheduling, parking stall measure, location and wireless telecommunications of inner each module, is the core of parking space detector.Wireless communication module is responsible for the transmitting-receiving and the forwarding of information, comprises parking space information, locating information, command information, response message etc., parking space detector, vehicle-mounted parking navigation terminal and parking ground navigation server etc. near the node of wireless telecommunications comprises.The geomagnetic sensor module can detect the parking information that has or not of parking stall, place in real time, and send this information to CPU module, CPU module realizes entering the positioning function of stopping waited in this zone alternately by wireless communication module and contiguous parking space detector, and this locating information is fed back to vehicle-mounted parking navigation terminal and parking ground navigation server.In the present embodiment, CPU module adopts the MSP430 microprocessor chip, wireless communication module adopts CC1101 hyperchannel radio-frequency (RF) transceiver, and the geomagnetic sensor module adopts the MMC2120MG sensor, and what described power management module adopted is the LP2985 power supply chip.

Concrete job step of the present invention and flow process are as follows:

1, the parking space detector on each parking stall detects parking stall state separately in real time, and it is pooled to the parking ground navigation server in parking lot;

2, wait to stop and sail the parking lot into, load the cartographic information in current parking lot automatically, vehicle-mounted parking navigation terminal utilizes wireless telecommunications and locating module constantly to carry out less radio-frequency broadcasting;

3, a parking space detector that is positioned at around waiting to stop can be received vehicle-mounted parking navigation terminal information, because the position of parking space detector is fixed, thereby can receive that the broadcast message of vehicle-mounted parking navigation terminal, the signal power of receiving information locate a current location of waiting to stop according to it, then locating information is sent to the parking ground navigation server;

4, the parking ground navigation server is in the status information of having collected current all parking stalls, parking lot and behind the position of waiting to stop, according to user's navigation setting (as the distance current location recently, the distance outlet recently, near wait to stop minimum etc.) select current idle parking stall, after determining the idle parking stall of target, utilize navigation algorithm, the calculating driving path with the target parking stall of waiting to stop sends to vehicle-mounted parking navigation terminal with navigation results by parking space detector then;

5, a user that waits to stop is docked in assigned address according to the navigation results that vehicle-mounted parking navigation terminal shows with car.

Positioning principle of the present invention is as follows:

1, below each parking stall of inside, parking lot, parking space detector is installed, the installation site of each parking space detector is known, be that the absolute position of parking space detector in whole parking lot is known, these parking space detectors are as treating a reference mode that positions that stops.

2, because the signal intensity of wireless telecommunications and communication distance are a fixing relation, signal intensity one timing when communication, node to be measured is being that the center of circle, a certain regular length are on the circle of radius with the reference mode, when the quantity of reference mode during more than 3, can determine the position of node to be measured.

3, wait to stop enter the parking lot after, vehicle-mounted parking navigation terminal sends data with the peripherad parking space detector of form of less radio-frequency broadcasting, and parking space detector (reference mode) is calculated the position for the treatment of parking (vehicle-mounted parking navigation terminal) according to the intensitometer of communication signal.

4, the parking space detector position that will wait to stop sends to the parking ground navigation server by wireless parking stall measure network, subsequently, treating behind every certain interval of time (as 1 second) stops carries out one-time positioning, and positional information is forwarded to the parking ground navigation server.

It is emphasized that; embodiment of the present invention is illustrative; rather than it is determinate; therefore the present invention is not limited to the embodiment described in the embodiment; every other embodiments that drawn by those skilled in the art's technical scheme according to the present invention belong to the scope of protection of the invention equally.

Claims (7)

1. dynamic parking navigation system that is used for inside, parking lot, it is characterized in that: connect and compose by wireless communication mode by vehicle-mounted parking navigation terminal, parking ground navigation server and wireless parking stall measure network, this is wireless, and the parking stall measure network is connected and composed by wireless communication mode by the parking space detector that is installed on each parking stall, in this vehicle-mounted parking navigation terminal is installed in and waits to stop.
2. the dynamic parking navigation system that is used for inside, parking lot according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: adopt less radio-frequency to carry out communication between vehicle-mounted parking navigation terminal, parking ground navigation server, the wireless parking stall measure network, adopt less radio-frequency to carry out communication between the parking space detector in the wireless parking stall measure network, the frequency of operation of described less radio-frequency is 433MHz.
3. the dynamic parking navigation system that is used for inside, parking lot according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described vehicle-mounted parking navigation terminal comprises main control module, LCD display module, touch-screen load module, wireless telecommunications and locating module, and main control module is connected with LCD display module, touch-screen load module, wireless telecommunications and locating module respectively by the I/O interface.
4. the dynamic parking navigation system that is used for inside, parking lot according to claim 3, it is characterized in that: described main control module adopts the S3C6410 processor, described wireless telecommunications and locating module adopt the CC430 module, and described display module adopts 5 inches very color liquid crystal displays.
5. the dynamic parking navigation system that is used for inside, parking lot according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described parking space detector comprises CPU module, wireless communication module, geomagnetic sensor module and power management module, CPU module is connected with wireless communication module and geomagnetic sensor module respectively by the I/O interface, and power management module is connected with CPU module, wireless communication module, geomagnetic sensor module provides power supply for each module.
6. the dynamic parking navigation system that is used for inside, parking lot according to claim 5, it is characterized in that: what described CPU module adopted is the MSP430 microprocessor chip, described wireless communication module adopts CC1101 hyperchannel radio-frequency (RF) transceiver, described geomagnetic sensor module adopts the MMC2120MG sensor, and what described power management module adopted is the LP2985 power supply chip.
7. the dynamic parking navigation system that is used for inside, parking lot according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described parking ground navigation server is connected and composed by computing machine and wireless communication apparatus that parking navigation software is installed.
CN201010131051A 2010-03-24 2010-03-24 Dynamic parking navigation system used at inner part of parking lot CN101789188A (en)

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