A kind of Cyclonic water filtration dust collecting device
The present invention relates to the dust collect plant in the dust catcher, especially relate to dust collect plant with water filtration.
Along with living standards of the people improve constantly and science and technology growing, dust catcher has been come into preceding tame ten thousand families, and function is also more and more many.It is the dust catcher of band water filtration function that a structure is wherein arranged, and it not only can be used for control of dust, and can wash the dust in the air-flow with the water butt in the dust catcher, thereby the air-flow that makes out sanitation and hygiene more reduce micro-dust.
The dust collect plant of traditional water filtration; general prime is the separator of dust granule; the back level is a water filter; the separator of prime dust granule and back level water filter generally are arranged in juxtaposition design; cause the not enough compact and reasonable of structure, volume ratio is bigger, is not easy to install and use; and back level water filter generally is that air-flow directly leads in the tank; utilize bump that water is washed air-flow, to reduce the granule dust, still owing to defective on the structure; cause air-flow and water not to have fully to contact mixing; make air-flow time of staying in water too short, have in addition direct short-circuit, it is many to leak dirt; so the water filtration effect is undesirable, requires further improvement.
It as the patent No. 200510040091.2 Chinese patent dust-catcher with water-filtering and vortex separation device, comprise body, main suction pipe, cyclone separator, the tangent air inlet of cyclone separator is communicated with main suction pipe, the air outlet of cyclone separator is communicated with air channel in the machine, the air channel is communicated with the dust catcher outlet grid by vacuum motor in the machine, be provided with water tumbler in the described body, main suction pipe stretches into the underwater in the water tumbler, and the tangent air inlet of cyclone separator is communicated with the upper part with the water surface of water tumbler; This invention had increased water filtering device before cyclone separator, make the pick-up performance of dust catcher better, discharge air cleaner, do not pollute, be beneficial to environmental protection.
Also having the patent No. is the whirlwind water filtering device that a kind of dust catcher of Chinese patent of 200520063342.4 is used, it is characterized in that: comprise the water tank, air flow inlet and the air stream outlet that are provided with the arcuation sidewall, wherein water tank is divided into wash water chamber and the hydrostatic chamber that connects by water-stop sheet with it, and the steam flow inlet is arranged on bottom, wash water chamber; Air stream outlet is arranged on the top in hydrostatic chamber; Also be provided with the whirlwind dust-collecting filter that dust arrester body and filter body by hollow that the air of discharging from air stream outlet is filtered are formed, described dust arrester body bottom is sealed, and top is provided with unlimited whirlwind guiding gutter; The filtration mouth of described filter body is located at dust arrester body middle part, and is provided with to cover the cover plate of described dust arrester body, and the dust arrester body combines the space that is limited and forms the whirlwind runner with filter body.
These patents are just as previously described dust catcher, have that volume is big, aqueous vapor contact mixed effect is undesirable, so there is the bad shortcoming of dust removing effects inevitably.
The inventor's a kind of Cyclonic water filtration dust collecting device that has been 200810120896.1 Chinese patent application at number of patent application for this reason; it includes the dirt bucket with total air inlet; it is characterized in that the dirt bucket in radial direction from outside to inside being furnished with the cartridge filter that constitutes grade one filter and the water filter of band water butt; wherein the cartridge filter lateral surface is provided with the dust-blocking cover of inclination at total following position of air inlet; and constituted bulky grain dust dirt chamber between the dirt bucket; filtering barrel is furnished with between dust-blocking cover and base the outside and the inboard filtering micropore that is communicated with; constituted fluid collection chamber between cartridge filter and the water filter; the sidewall of water filter is furnished with the downward air inlet of steering current rotation; the center of water filter is total discharge pipe; make between the sidewall of total discharge pipe and water filter and constituted water butt; total discharge pipe lower end is communicated with directly or indirectly with total air outlet on the dirt bucket bottom surface; the dirt bucket is provided with the bung of dirt bucket; seal the port part between dirt bucket and the cartridge filter directly or indirectly; port part between cartridge filter and the water butt; other has the guiding current to mix the current air-flow cover for conducting that contacts with the air-flow rotation; the following import of current air-flow cover for conducting is communicated with the water butt outlet; total discharge pipe upper end extends in the current cover for conducting; be provided with airscoop shroud; the crucial part of its invention is to have introduced the current cover for conducting; it is more abundant that air-flow is contacted with water; prolonged the time of staying of air-flow; dust removing effects is better; it only is that the center is provided with that but defective is the current cover for conducting; also only one of number; cause the air flow short circuit easily; directly by water filter, air-flow contacts with water and can also further improve.
Summary of the invention
Technical problem to be solved by this invention provide a kind of compact conformation rationally, air-flow contacts abundant more, good dedusting effect, multi-functional Cyclonic water filtration dust collecting device with liquid.
The present invention solves the problems of the technologies described above the technical scheme that is adopted: a kind of Cyclonic water filtration dust collecting device; it includes the dirt bucket; total air inlet and total air outlet; it is characterized in that the dirt bucket in radial direction from outside to inside being furnished with cartridge filter and the water filter that constitutes grade one filter; wherein the cartridge filter lateral surface is provided with the dust-blocking cover of inclination at total following position of air inlet; and constituted bulky grain dust dirt chamber between the dirt bucket; the barrel of cartridge filter is furnished with between dust-blocking cover and base the outside and the inboard filtering micropore that is communicated with; be provided with fluid collection chamber between cartridge filter and the water filter; water filter is a plurality of rotation washing tubes that distribute on the circumferential section; rotate the lower sides of washing tube and be furnished with steering current rotation air inlet branch mouth upwards; be immersed in the liquid of fluid collection chamber; the upper end outlet of rotation washing tube is concentrated and is communicated with, and is communicated with total air outlet on the dirt bucket.
As improvement, described a plurality of rotation washing tubes are to present even distribution on circumferential section, and top links together by concentrating cavity floor, becomes stand-alone assembly, is convenient to production and assembly.
As further improvement, it is tangential air intake that the air inlet of described rotation washing tube divides mouth, and, be provided with the cyclone guide pipe in the bottom centre of rotating the washing tube and divide mouth to cooperate with air inlet, make air intake be more prone to form whirlwind, make liquid and air-flow full contact.
Improve again, be furnished with the air-out lid in the described concentrated cavity, the air-out lid along the circumferential direction is provided with a plurality of air outlet tube mouths equably, air outlet tube mouth extends in the rotation washing tube, air-flow and liquid fluid-mixing are subjected to stopping of air-out lid easily like this, produce knock-on effect, make the liquid in the fluid have an opportunity more to assemble and separate, be not easy to be carried out rotation washing tube, improve separating of air-flow and liquid; Accordingly, concentrating cavity sidewalls to have the branch mouth of giving vent to anger that a plurality of circumference evenly are provided with, the branch mouth inboard of giving vent to anger is provided with the arc guided plate, is convenient to air-out, reduces gas-flow resistance.
Improve, described concentrated cavity top is equipped with the dash cover plate, avoids air-flow directly to run out of by total air outlet again, reduces air-flow carrying secretly liquid.And the liquid of carrying secretly has rotary steering, makes the liquid carried secretly in the translucent cover inward turning then farthest reduce the loss of the water yield, has prolonged the working time of system.
The improvement that is highly profitable is, described dirt bucket is equipped with float valve tube frame below total air outlet position, top, the sidewall of float valve tube frame has fresh air inlet, float valve tube frame top is communicated with total air outlet, be provided with float valve in the float valve tube frame, be sealed and matched with total air outlet at dirt bucket top, thereby prevent that liquid from overflowing, use more safe and reliable.
Concrete design, described rotation washing tube can be a hollow cylinder shape, or frustum shape, or from following and diminishing after upward diameter increases gradually, be convenient to guide current and air-flow to rotate in the same way like this, fully contact prolongs the time of staying of air-flow in water body, improves the washing effect.
At last, described dirt bucket, cartridge filter and water filter are that concentric is arranged, are convenient to production and assembly and air motion.
Be provided with the gas skirt circle of inversed taper platform shape, middle perforate between described float valve tube frame and the dash cover plate.
Compared with prior art, the invention has the advantages that: water filter is arranged in the cartridge filter inboard, make full use of the space in the dirt bucket, reach compact conformation, volume is little, and, utilize a plurality of rotation washing tubes in parallel, the gentle stream of current that rotation is risen further guides, make the further rotation rising in rotation washing tube of the gentle stream of current, the promotion air-flow contacts with current, prolong the time of staying of gas in water body, particularly, airborne fine dust is also surveyed the wall rotation in the action of centrifugal force lower edge, thereby realize the abundant mixing of aqueous vapor, reach high filter effect, reach better dust removing effects, and, rotation washing tube is in parallel, avoids single current cover for conducting efficient low, the air-flow short circuit is many, the defective that liquid air stream contact is balanced inadequately can dedusting, suction, water filtration, become the three-in-one dust-precipitating system of Cyclonic water filtration, in improving design, one-level is filtered and the design of cascade filtration concentric co-axial, and integral body volume more is little, space utilization degree height, the design of favourable and whole fuselage external form and integrally-built realization.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the overall stereogram of Cyclonic water filtration dust collecting device of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is a Cyclonic water filtration dust collecting device cutaway view of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is a Cyclonic water filtration dust collecting device three-dimensional cutaway view of the present invention;
Fig. 4 is the stereogram of water filter;
Fig. 5 is the three-dimensional cutaway view of water filter;
Fig. 6 is a Cyclonic water filtration dust collecting device water filtration principle schematic of the present invention;
The specific embodiment
Embodiment describes in further detail the present invention below in conjunction with accompanying drawing.
As Fig. 1-6 signal; a kind of Cyclonic water filtration dust collecting device; it includes dirt bucket 1; total air inlet 1.1; total air outlet 1.2; as the cartridge filter 2 of grade one filter with as the critical pieces such as water filter 3 of two-stage; dirt bucket 1 in radial direction from outside to inside being furnished with cartridge filter 2 and the water filter 3 that constitutes grade one filter successively; dirt bucket 1; cartridge filter 2 and water filter 3 are that concentric is arranged; wherein cartridge filter 1 lateral surface is provided with the dust-blocking cover 2.1 of inclination at total following position of air inlet; and constituted bulky grain dust dirt chamber 4 between the dirt bucket 1; the barrel of cartridge filter 2 upper area between dust-blocking cover and base is furnished with filtering micropore 2.2; with the outside and inboard the connection; be provided with fluid collection chamber 5 between cartridge filter 2 and the water filter 3; liquid adopts water usually; water filter 3 adopts a plurality of rotation washing tube 6 stand-alone assemblies that compose in parallel; rotation washing tube 6 numbers have 3～8; preferred 5～6; it on circumferential section even distribution; rotation washing tube 6 adopts hollow cylinder shape; rotate the lower sides of washing tube 6 and be furnished with steering current rotation air inlet branch mouth 6.1 upwards; air inlet divides mouthful 6.1 normally tangential air intake settings; bottom centre at rotation washing tube 6 is provided with cyclone guide pipe 6.2; divide mouth 6.1 to cooperate with air inlet; be convenient to produce whirlwind; and air inlet divides mouth 6.1 to be immersed in the liquid of fluid collection chamber 5; the top of rotation washing tube 6 links together by concentrating cavity 6.3 base plates; become stand-alone assembly; concentrate and be furnished with air-out lid 7 in the cavity 6.3; air-out lid 7 along the circumferential direction is provided with air outlet tube mouth 7.1 equably; each air outlet tube mouth 7.1 extends in the corresponding rotation washing tube 6; form the whirlwind outlet of setting-out; and have a plurality of branch mouths 6.4 of giving vent to anger at concentrated cavity 6.3 sidewalls; give vent to anger branch mouth inboard be provided with the guiding air-out arc guided plate 6.5; the branch mouth 6.4 of giving vent to anger also is evenly to be provided with at circumferencial direction; at last; concentrate cavity 6.3 tops that dash cover plate 8 is installed; dirt bucket 1 is provided with inversed taper platform shape above the dash cover plate; the gas skirt circle 9 of middle perforate; dirt bucket 1 is connected with float valve tube frame 10 below total air outlet position, top; the sidewall of float valve tube frame 10 has fresh air inlet 10.1; float valve tube frame 10 tops are communicated with total air outlet 1.2; in the float valve tube frame 10 float valve 11 is arranged; be sealed and matched with total air outlet 1.2 at dirt bucket 1 top; the upper end outlet that makes rotation wash tube 6 is like this concentrated and is communicated with, and total air outlet 1.2 final and on the dirt bucket 1 is communicated with.
Principle of the present invention is such: this dust collect plant is the double-stage filtering system; the cartridge filter 2 that first order filter filters for the bulky grain dust; cartridge filter 2 filters out most dust; the fine dust of leaving in the air enters the secondary filter inlet via the cartridge filter micropore 2.2 of grade one filter then; secondary filter is a water filter 3; water filter 3 adopts the rotation washing tube 6 of a plurality of parallel connections; the air inlet of rotation washing tube divides mouth 6.1 to be immersed in the liquid of fluid collection chamber 5; air-flow carries liquid and pours in air intake branch mouth 6.1; under the guiding of cyclone guide pipe 6.2; rotation at a high speed; liquid stream and air-flow rotate up around the sidewall of rotation washing tube 6; fully reach air-flow and contacting that liquid flows; reduced air-flow direct short-circuit; prolonged the time of staying of air-flow in water filter 3; improve the washing filtering effect greatly; when concentrating cavity 6.3; under air-out lid 7 and air outlet tube mouth 7.1 cooperations; produce knock-on effect; make the liquid in the fluid have an opportunity more to assemble and separate; be not easy to be carried out rotation washing tube 6; improve separating of air-flow and liquid; then, by gas skirt circle 9, through float valve assembly; through total air outlet 1.2; enter motor then, discharge the air of cleaning, realize the purpose that purifies air.
The water yield of absorbent function part is mainly controlled by float valve assembly; when water is drawn onto certain height; water will enter the inboard by the cartridge filter micropore of grade one filter; when reaching a certain height, because buoyancy function, float valve 11 rises; sealed total air outlet 1.2; make excessive water can not enter later system, thereby realize the suction restriction of the water yield, protection whole system.
Above described, principles more of the present invention just explain through diagrams, this specification be not be the present invention to be confined to shown in described concrete structure and the scope of application, so every the corresponding modify and equivalent that might be utilized, the claim that all belongs to the present invention and applied for.