CN101775784B - Sweeping mechanism of road sweeper - Google Patents

Sweeping mechanism of road sweeper Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101775784B
CN101775784B CN201010100274XA CN201010100274A CN101775784B CN 101775784 B CN101775784 B CN 101775784B CN 201010100274X A CN201010100274X A CN 201010100274XA CN 201010100274 A CN201010100274 A CN 201010100274A CN 101775784 B CN101775784 B CN 101775784B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
brushing
rolling
cover
dust
main rolling
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CN201010100274XA
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Chinese (zh)
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CN101775784A (en
Inventor
罗树基
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罗树基
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Priority to CN201010100274XA priority Critical patent/CN101775784B/en
Publication of CN101775784A publication Critical patent/CN101775784A/en
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Publication of CN101775784B publication Critical patent/CN101775784B/en

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Abstract

The invention discloses a sweeping mechanism of a road sweeper, comprising a main rolling-sweep shell, a main rolling sweeper, an assistant rolling-sweep shell and an assistant rolling sweeper. The sweeping mechanism of the road sweeper is characterized in that the adjacent position of the main rolling-sweep shell and the assistant rolling-sweep shell is provided with a communicated louver-type delivery port; the main rolling-sweep shell is communicated and connected with the assistant rolling-sweep shell through the louver-type delivery port arranged on the adjacent position; the main rolling-sweep shell and the assistant rolling-sweep shell are respectively provided with a main rolling-sweep elastic dust guide plate and an assistant rolling-sweep elastic dust guide plate at the lower part of the adjacent position; openings arranged on the main rolling-sweep shell and the assistant rolling-sweep shell relative to the ground are rubbish inlets; the upper part of the main rolling-sweep shell is provided with a main rolling-sweep rubbish outlet so that assistant rolling-sweep rubbishes can be smoothly delivered into a main rolling-sweep cavity, rubbishes inside the main rolling-sweep cavity can not fall into an assistant rolling-sweep cavity in a rolling-sweep way under the action of a dust baffle, thus the invention is especially suitable for sweeping on wetter road surfaces, and a small quantity of rubbishes can not be bonded on a fur brush of the assistant rolling sweeper any more under the action of the dust baffle so as to be smoothly delivered into the main rolling-sweep cavity.

Description

Sweeping mechanism of road sweeper
Technical field:
The present invention relates to a kind of cleaning agency of road sweeper, it can clean various rubbish under different environment.
Background technology:
Along with development of urbanization, the streets and lanes in city cleanings is more and more heavier with dust alleviation work, so will have the road-sweeper of various series to adapt to the demand of various environment and various rubbish.The road sweeper 200620096792.8 that former the applicant applied for and the road-sweeper of 200820103331. patents are all obtained good Expected Results through practice; But because single port is all adopted in secondary rolling and brushing of cleaning agency and main rolling and brushing; Because port is bigger; Thereby the part that comes with some shortcomings, is being to clean relatively wetter road surface especially, fraction rubbish can be bonded on the hairbrush of secondary rolling and brushing and can not send into smoothly in the main rolling and brushing chamber; And also have and can fall into the rubbish rolling and brushing in the main rolling and brushing chamber in the secondary rolling and brushing chamber, done some improvement to these problems.
Summary of the invention:
The object of the present invention is to provide a kind of simple in structure; Adopt the sweeping mechanism of road sweeper of rolling cleaning mode; It is keeping traditional cleaning mode, also has certain intake function, can be installed in the large, medium and small electric motor car; Also can under different environment, clean different rubbish separately as the miniature hand pulling type scavenging machine.Help to alleviate sanitationman's working strength and improve the road-sweeper cleannes.
The objective of the invention is to realize like this: described sweeping mechanism of road sweeper; Comprise main rolling and brushing outer cover; Main rolling and brushing; Secondary rolling and brushing outer cover and secondary rolling and brushing, its design feature is provided with the venetian blind type delivery port of ganging up for the adjacent at main rolling and brushing outer cover and secondary rolling and brushing outer cover, and main rolling and brushing outer cover connects with the venetian blind type delivery port that secondary rolling and brushing outer cover is provided with through adjacent and is connected; The bottom that described main rolling and brushing outer cover and secondary rolling and brushing cover on adjacent outward respectively is provided with main rolling and brushing elastic force dust-leading board and secondary rolling and brushing elastic force dust-leading board, and the opening that main rolling and brushing outer cover and secondary rolling and brushing outer cover are had relative to the ground is the rubbish import; Be provided with main rolling and brushing garbage outlet on main rolling and brushing outer cover top.
The object of the invention also can be realized through following technical scheme; Described sweeping mechanism of road sweeper; Its characteristics are that described venetian blind type delivery port comprises delivery port; Dust-break sheet and venetian blind type delivery port mounting bracket are formed, and in venetian blind type delivery port mounting bracket, are provided with a plurality of dust-break sheets, and the port between described dust-break sheet and the dust-break sheet is as the rubbish delivery port; And the port that forms between dust-break sheet and main rolling and brushing outer cover and the secondary rolling and brushing outer cover intersection is as the rubbish delivery port; The port that forms between dust-break sheet and the secondary rolling and brushing elastic force dust-leading board is as the rubbish delivery port, the under shed of above-mentioned all ports with oblique mode down in secondary rolling and brushing outer cover chamber, the upper shed of above-mentioned all ports with mode obliquely in the chamber of main rolling and brushing outer cover.Described sweeping mechanism of road sweeper; Its characteristics are that main rolling and brushing garbage outlet is received the refuse transport system on the car body stage casing that is installed in large-scale automobile or electric motor car; Described refuse transport system is made up of conveyer belt, conveyer belt motor, drive sprocket, drive sprocket, adjusting sprocket wheel and the support wheel of chain, band refuse hopper; Drive sprocket is to adopt to wear the axle installation, and its radius is greater than the height of refuse hopper, and refuse hopper is walked around the drive chain wheel shaft; The described conveyer belt that has a chain adopt around dustbin from arranging in one week of last bottom right to left surface and can circular flow; Through conveyer belt motor drives drive sprocket; Drive sprocket drives chain; The conveyer belt that has refuse hopper moves with chain, and it is higher than drive sprocket that the adjusting sprocket wheel is provided with the position, and its its interior rubbish of refuse hopper inclination can be poured in the dustbin when described rubbish conveyer belt ran to dustbin top; The position is provided with support wheel under the conveyer belt of band refuse hopper.Described sweeping mechanism of road sweeper, its characteristics are swept on main rolling and brushing outer cover top a two-stage conveying being installed, and two-stage conveying is swept and outer be provided with two-stage conveying and sweep outer cover, and two-stage conveying is swept outer cover and is swept delivery port through two-stage conveying and be communicated with main rolling and brushing outer cover.Described sweeping mechanism of road sweeper, its characteristics are that middle the heart channel of Hang-Shaoyin venetian blind type delivery port of described main rolling and brushing outer cover is that main rolling and brushing outer cover radius adds that the 5--20mm length distance adds the radius of secondary rolling and brushing outer cover to the distance between the secondary rolling and brushing outer cover center.Described sweeping mechanism of road sweeper, its characteristics are that its port width of formed port is 20-50mm between described dust-break sheet and the secondary rolling and brushing elastic force dust-leading board; Port width between described dust-break sheet and the dust-break sheet is 10-30mm; Formed port width is 10-40mm between dust-break sheet and main rolling and brushing outer cover and the secondary rolling and brushing outer cover intersection.Described sweeping mechanism of road sweeper, its characteristics are to be provided with or similar laterally arranging for paralleling between described dust-break sheet and the dust-break sheet, its be provided with angle with and the ground horizontal plane between angle be the 50--75 degree.Described sweeping mechanism of road sweeper, its characteristics are that described secondary rolling and brushing elastic force dust-leading board is arranged to and the angle of ground between the horizontal plane is the 30--60 degree.Described sweeping mechanism of road sweeper; Its characteristics are fixedly mounted on respectively on the venetian blind type delivery port mounting bracket for the two side ends of all dust-break sheets, and venetian blind type delivery port mounting bracket two side ends is installed on the corresponding inner face of two end plates of main rolling and brushing outer cover and secondary rolling and brushing outer cover again.
Sweeping mechanism of road sweeper of the present invention, and receive the dustbin of being located at below the main rolling and brushing garbage outlet front portion through the main rolling and brushing garbage outlet on its main rolling and brushing outer cover top, can independently use as the miniature hand pulling type scavenging machine.
Advantage of the present invention is: the present invention is simple in structure, and is cheap, easy to maintenance; Use cost is low, and can under rough environment, clean, and sweeps owing to adopt two modes of sweeping of rolling to clean with additional the dashing of air-flow; Therefore going once has the cleaning in three roads, so cleannes are higher.Because main rolling and brushing and secondary rolling and brushing are to rotate in opposite directions, reduced secondary pollution simultaneously.Also owing to adopt the venetian blind type delivery port to deliver to the rubbish in the secondary rolling and brushing outer cover chamber in the main rolling and brushing outer cover chamber; And the louver of venetian blind type delivery port (all claim down dust-break sheet) will sweep rubbish in the main rolling and brushing outer cover chamber and block and prevent to get in the secondary rolling and brushing outer cover chamber; In addition, owing to its port width of formed port between described dust-break sheet and the secondary rolling and brushing elastic force dust-leading board is 20-50mm; Port width between described dust-break sheet and the dust-break sheet is 10-30mm; Formed port width is 10-40mm between dust-break sheet and main rolling and brushing outer cover and the secondary rolling and brushing outer cover intersection, thereby secondary rolling and brushing garbage energy sends in the main rolling and brushing chamber smoothly, and the rubbish in the main rolling and brushing chamber since the effect of dust-break sheet can rolling and brushing not fall in the secondary rolling and brushing chamber.Thereby particularly suitable of the present invention cleans on relatively wet road surface, and fraction rubbish can not be bonded at through the effect of dust-break sheet on the hairbrush of secondary rolling and brushing yet again and can not send into smoothly in the main rolling and brushing chamber.
Description of drawings:
Fig. 1 is a structure principle chart of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is the large scale structure schematic diagram of cleaning agency of the present invention and induction system combination.
Fig. 2-1 is the N-N sectional structure sketch map among Fig. 2.
Fig. 2-2 is the induction system plan structure sketch map among Fig. 2.
Fig. 3 installs the medium texture schematic diagram that a two-stage conveying is swept additional for cleaning agency of the present invention.
Fig. 4 is a cleaning agency small-scale structure schematic diagram of the present invention.
Fig. 5 cuts open structural representation for the master of main rolling and brushing of the present invention.
The structure sketch map that Fig. 5-1 looks for the left side of Fig. 5.
Fig. 6 is the structural representation that main rolling and brushing elastic force dust-leading board monolithic of the present invention is connected with secondary rolling and brushing elastic force dust-leading board.
Fig. 7 is the structural representation of main rolling and brushing elastic force dust-leading board monolithic of the present invention.
Fig. 7-1 is a left TV structure sketch map among Fig. 7.
Fig. 8 is the stereogram of aeration tank of the present invention.
Fig. 9 is main rolling and brushing of the present invention and the secondary rolling and brushing schematic diagram by the transmission system of sprocket wheel and gear set drive.
Figure 10 is the location diagram of secondary rolling and brushing outer cover of the present invention, main rolling and brushing outer cover and bottom, two ends sealing portable plate thereof.
Figure 11 is fixedly mounted on the structural representation on the two end plates of main rolling and brushing outer cover and secondary rolling and brushing outer cover of touching position respectively for the two side ends of the dust-break sheet of venetian blind type delivery port of the present invention.
Figure 12 is the structural representation of cleaning agency lifting appliance of the present invention.
Figure 13 is the plan structure sketch map of Figure 12.
Figure 14 is the perspective view that has the rubbish conveyer belt of refuse hopper and chain of the present invention.
Among the figure: main rolling and brushing outer cover 1, main rolling and brushing 2, pectination dust board 3, main rolling and brushing elastic force dust-leading board 4, main rolling and brushing garbage outlet 5, secondary rolling and brushing 6, secondary rolling and brushing elastic force dust-leading board 7, secondary rolling and brushing outer cover 8; Secondary rolling and brushing venetian blind type delivery port 9, restriction 10, aeration tank 11, air inlet port 12, delivery port 13, conveyer belt 14, drive sprocket 15; Drive sprocket 16, conveyer belt motor 17 is regulated sprocket wheel 18, support wheel 19, chassis 20, refuse hopper 21, chain 22; Dustbin 23, sweeping 24, spring base 25, main rolling and brushing dust-leading board backguy 26, soft rubber sheet 27, spring 28, dust-break sheet 29; Driving gear 30, dc motor 31, secondary rolling and brushing gear 32, power chain 33, drive sprocket 34, main rolling and brushing sprocket wheel 35, two-stage conveying sweeps 36; Two-stage conveying is swept outer cover 37, and two-stage conveying is swept delivery port 38, sealing portable plate roller 39, sealing portable plate 40, sealing portable plate support link 41, banking pin 42, steamboat 43; Pallet 44, feet 45, roller 46, pulley 47, backguy 48, end plate 49, venetian blind type delivery port mounting bracket 50.
The specific embodiment:
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing and embodiment the present invention is elaborated:
Like Fig. 1, Fig. 2, Fig. 2-1, Fig. 2-2, Fig. 3, Fig. 4, Fig. 5, Fig. 5-1, Fig. 6, Fig. 7, Fig. 7-1, Fig. 8, Fig. 9, Figure 10, Figure 11, Figure 12, Figure 13, shown in Figure 14; Be sweeping mechanism of road sweeper of the present invention; It is by a main rolling and brushing outer cover 1, main rolling and brushing 2; Secondary rolling and brushing 6, secondary rolling and brushing outer cover 8, comb type dust board, compositions (seeing structural principle Fig. 1 for details) such as elastic force dust-leading board, transmission system.Its structural principle is that described cleaning agency of the present invention is mounted in stage casing, 20 bottom, chassis; Through handling the cleaning agency lifting appliance cleaning agency of the present invention is moved up and down at car body; When cleaning work; Just cleaning agency of the present invention is put down, make main rolling and brushing and secondary rolling and brushing and ground be in tangent position; When going, just cleaning agency of the present invention is promoted, make main rolling and brushing and secondary rolling and brushing built on stilts (about about 100mm-200mm) when cleaning work not; Use independently in the both sides, the left and right sides of the tangent position of secondary rolling and brushing and ground of cleaning agency of the present invention that two steamboats 43 support walking, secondary rolling and brushing are remained with ground contact, improve and clean cleannes.Cleaning agency of the present invention inside is provided with main rolling and brushing 2, main rolling and brushing outer cover 1, is provided with main rolling and brushing garbage outlet 5 on main rolling and brushing outer cover top, is provided with pectination dust board 3 in main rolling and brushing outer cover garbage outlet inboard; The pectination dust board is convenient to clear up the rubbish that is clipped in hairbrush.Adorn the secondary rolling and brushing outer cover 8 of secondary rolling and brushing 6 in being provided with main rolling and brushing outer cover adjacent position, main rolling and brushing outer cover 1 and secondary rolling and brushing outer cover 8 be at adjacent, between it and be provided with secondary rolling and brushing venetian blind type delivery port 9 (see figure 1)s of ganging up.Described venetian blind type delivery port is to deliver to the passage in the main rolling and brushing outer cover chamber as the rubbish in the secondary rolling and brushing outer cover chamber; So louver is to block to prevent to get into and be called for short the dust-break sheet in the secondary rolling and brushing outer cover chamber sweeping rubbish in the main rolling and brushing outer cover chamber; The two side ends of all dust-break sheets is fixedly mounted on respectively on the venetian blind type delivery port mounting bracket 50, is installed in through venetian blind type delivery port mounting bracket 50 on two end plates 49 inner faces of main rolling and brushing outer cover 1 and secondary rolling and brushing outer cover 8 again.The bottom that outside main rolling and brushing outer cover and secondary rolling and brushing, covers on adjacent respectively is provided with special main rolling and brushing elastic force dust-leading board 4 and secondary rolling and brushing elastic force dust-leading board 7, and main rolling and brushing outer cover and secondary rolling and brushing outer cover have suitable opening relative to the ground, are used for the rubbish import; The stepped hairbrush of similar blade (seeing Fig. 5 and Fig. 5-1) is adopted in described main rolling and brushing, and the hairbrush of dot type (or similar sheet) is adopted in secondary rolling and brushing; The secondary rolling and brushing elastic force dust-leading board 7 of secondary rolling and brushing outer cover lower end is the soft rubber dust-leading board; Described main rolling and brushing outer cover lower end master's rolling and brushing elastic force dust-leading board 4 is dust-leading boards (seeing Fig. 7, Fig. 7-1) that spring and soft rubber sheet are formed; Its last joint has only soft rubber sheet 27; A last joint that links to each other with soft rubber sheet 27 utilizes the elastic force of spring 28, soft rubber sheet 27 to make the dust-leading board return for the sheet rubber of band spring 28, and spring 28 is fixed on the spring base 25 at the sheet rubber back side; Between the secondary rolling and brushing outer cover of spring base 25 and adjacent position, be connected with main rolling and brushing dust-leading board backguy 26, can prevent that main rolling and brushing elastic force dust-leading board 4 from reversing to main rolling and brushing district.Above-mentioned main rolling and brushing elastic force dust-leading board 4 also can adopt the soft rubber sheet of not being with spring as dust-leading board.Its operating principle: because the main rolling and brushing elastic force dust-leading board in main rolling and brushing bottom is the walking of reverse road surface; Usually can push up the road surface of protrusion; At this moment soft rubber sheet 27 will be pushed up backward; When the road surface of protrusion when higher again (being higher than 20mm) will push up the sheet rubber that has spring backward; In case after having crossed the road surface of protrusion, utilize the different elastic force of each joint to make main rolling and brushing elastic force dust-leading board one joint one return that saves land, if in case main rolling and brushing elastic force dust-leading board forward when withstanding the protrusion road surface spring, soft rubber sheet will play cushioning effect.Also available band spring steel plate and soft rubber are formed; The side lower part outside that does not connect the soft rubber dust-leading board at secondary rolling and brushing outer cover installs an aeration tank 11 (seeing Fig. 2 and Fig. 9) of being with restriction additional; Inflate to aeration tank through air inlet port 12 by blast fan; Again the gas in the aeration tank is blown to the sweeping area of secondary rolling and brushing through restriction 10; Rubbish is rolled with secondary rolling and brushing sent into secondary rolling and brushing outer cover inner chamber, clean cleaner.Described main rolling and brushing, secondary rolling and brushing gear set drive (see figure 10) are to drive main rolling and brushing sprocket wheel 35 by dc motor 31 coaxial drive sprockets 34 through power chain 33 to drive secondary rolling and brushing gear 32 with dc motor 31 coaxial driving gears 30.Power set can adopt dc motor here; Main rolling and brushing and secondary rolling and brushing rotation direction are to rotate in opposite directions; Can also be provided with rotation sweeping 24 in the chassis front end both sides, to increase cleaning width and cleaning corner rubbish.Install a storage tank additional and water is transported to the atomizing of dish brush and press dirt through micro pump.
Described venetian blind type delivery port 9 (seeing Figure 11); Comprise delivery port 13; Dust-break sheet 29 is formed with venetian blind type delivery port mounting bracket 50; Venetian blind type delivery port 9 is located at main rolling and brushing outer cover 1 and secondary rolling and brushing outer cover 8 at adjacent; And make secondary rolling and brushing outer cover 8 gang up mutually or connect through venetian blind type delivery port 9 with main rolling and brushing outer cover 1; Main rolling and brushing outer cover 1 and secondary rolling and brushing outer cover 8 leave suitable gap (satisfy in concrete gap: the distance in the main rolling and brushing and secondary rolling and brushing two centers of circle is generally r1+r2+10--20mm) being positioned at adjacent, and middle the heart channel of Hang-Shaoyin venetian blind type delivery port 9 of promptly main rolling and brushing outer cover 1 is that main rolling and brushing outer cover 1 radius r 1 adds that the 5--20mm gap adds the radius r 2 of secondary rolling and brushing outer cover 8 to the distance between secondary rolling and brushing outer cover 8 centers; In delivery port, be provided with a plurality of dust-break sheets 29; Be generally between described dust-break sheet and the dust-break sheet and roughly be arranged in parallel and its spacing is that the port width is generally 10-30mm (size with main rolling and brushing outer cover and secondary rolling and brushing outer cover is set, and its width of formed port is generally 10-40mm (size with main rolling and brushing outer cover and secondary rolling and brushing outer cover is set) between dust-break sheet and main rolling and brushing outer cover 1 and secondary rolling and brushing outer cover 8 intersections; Formed port width is generally 20-50mm (size with main rolling and brushing outer cover and secondary rolling and brushing outer cover is set) between dust-break sheet and the secondary rolling and brushing elastic force dust-leading board 7; In the chamber of secondary rolling and brushing outer cover 8, above-mentioned its upper shed of all ports was obliquely in the chamber of main rolling and brushing outer cover 1 under above-mentioned its under shed of all ports was oblique.The two side ends of all dust-break sheets 29 is separately fixed on the venetian blind type delivery port mounting bracket 50, and venetian blind type delivery port mounting bracket 50 is installed on two end plates 49 inner faces of main rolling and brushing outer cover and secondary rolling and brushing outer cover.The louver of venetian blind type delivery port 9 be between the dust-break sheet for paralleling or similar laterally arranging, its be arranged to and the ground horizontal plane between angle be the 50--75 degree; The venetian blind type delivery port is to deliver to the port in the main rolling and brushing outer cover chamber as the rubbish in the secondary rolling and brushing outer cover chamber, so louver is to block to prevent to get into and be called for short the dust-break sheet in the secondary rolling and brushing outer cover chamber sweeping rubbish in the main rolling and brushing outer cover chamber.Secondary rolling and brushing elastic force dust-leading board 7 be arranged to the angle between the horizontal plane be generally 30--60 degree (size with secondary rolling and brushing outer cover is set).
Refuse transport system of the present invention can adopt the prior art structure; Also can adopt following structure of the present invention, refuse transport system (seeing Fig. 2, Fig. 2-1, Fig. 2-2): conveyer belt 14, conveyer belt motor 17, drive sprocket 15, drive sprocket 16, adjusting sprocket wheel 18 and support wheel 19 by chain 22, band refuse hopper 21 are formed.Can adjust the elasticity of chain 22 and conveyer belt 14 and guarantee normal operation through regulate sprocket wheel 18, and through the position (height that promptly is higher than drive sprocket 15 reaches suitable) of regulating sprocket wheel 18 is set thus can make refuse hopper 21 reach suitable flip angle so that garbage energy is poured in the dustbin 23 smoothly; Because drive sprocket 15 is to adopt to wear the axle installation so use hinge wheel, radius to be greater than the height of refuse hopper 21, refuse hopper 21 can be walked around the drive chain wheel shaft; Its operating principle is: the conveyer belt 14 that has chain 22 adopts around dustbin 23 side one week operation up and down; It operates to by the dustbin bottom from left to right, from top to bottom, from right to left; From top to bottom around the running of compartment traverse cycle or by the dustbin bottom from right to left, from top to bottom, from left to right; What traverse cycle turned round around the compartment from top to bottom, drive drive sprockets 15 through conveyer belt motor 17, drive sprocket 15 drives chains 22; The conveyer belt 14 that has a refuse hopper 21 is also with chain 22 operations, and the rubbish that rubbish is housed is carried and taken dustbin top to and will rubbish be poured in the dustbin 23; When the refuse hopper 21 of conveyer belt 14 moves in main rolling and brushing garbage outlet 5 beneath positions,, make conveyer belt 14 meetings along support wheel 19 level runs because positions are provided with support wheel 19 under the conveyer belt 14 of band refuse hopper 21.Also available band flute profile V-belt and flute profile vee-pulley replace the chain 22 and the sprocket wheel of refuse transport system respectively.In refuse transport system, install a dust cover additional.
Cleaning agency lifting appliance (seeing Figure 12, Figure 13); Form by backguy 48, pulley 47, roller 46, pallet 44 and feet 45; Its operating principle: pulling behaviour spurs rollers 46 through backguy 48 through pulley 47 from bar; Upwards push up feet 45, pallet 44 is moved up abreast, thereby the cleaning agency that rests on the pallet 44 is promoted.
Two ends, cleaning agency of the present invention bottom respectively are provided with two adjacent sealing portable plates 40 (seeing Figure 11); Every sealing portable plate 40 bottoms are provided with sealing portable plate roller 39; On end plate 49 outsides of main rolling and brushing outer cover that is positioned at sealing portable plate 40 tops and secondary rolling and brushing outer cover, be provided with two pin joints; On sealing portable plate 40, be provided with two pin joints; Each pin joint on the end plate 49 of main rolling and brushing outer cover and secondary rolling and brushing outer cover is connected through corresponding pin joint on connecting rod and middle pin joint and the sealing portable plate 40; On the end plate 49 of main rolling and brushing outer cover and secondary rolling and brushing outer cover, be provided with a banking pin 42, banking pin 42 is positioned at below the connecting rod 41 that is connected between pin joint and the middle pin joint on the end plate 49 of main rolling and brushing outer cover and secondary rolling and brushing outer cover.When normal cleaning work; Under the effect of banking pin 42; Make sealing portable plate 40 keep relative detent position with ground; Closed at both ends portable plate 40 forms a relative enclosure space with main rolling and brushing district and secondary rolling and brushing district, improves main rolling and brushing outer cover inner chamber and secondary rolling and brushing outer cover inner chamber vacuum, makes the cleaner of rubbish dust cleaning.But when the sealing portable plate run into protrusion ground the time swing, also can move up and down.
Basic functional principle of the present invention: cleaning agency of the present invention is through coaxial endless chain and gear driven master rolling and brushing and secondary rolling and brushing by power set.And rubbish is at first cleaned by main rolling and brushing, is sent into the conveyer belt 14 of band refuse hopper 21 by main rolling and brushing garbage outlet 5; And secondary rolling and brushing are carried out the cleaning of second road with the rubbish of main rolling and brushing drain sweep, send in the main rolling and brushing chamber through secondary rolling and brushing shutter delivery port 9, see main rolling and brushing garbage outlet 5 off until the dustbin (see figure 4) by main rolling and brushing.Recessed ground is failed to sweep in secondary rolling and brushing simultaneously or the dust of drain sweep passes through gas throttling mouth 10 by the gas that blast fan is blown into aeration tank; The sweeping area that contacts with ground to secondary rolling and brushing is blown and is penetrated; At this moment rubbish will be rolled to be brought in the secondary rolling and brushing chamber by secondary rolling and brushing thereupon again and send in the main rolling and brushing chamber through secondary rolling and brushing shutter delivery port 9, and the road-sweeper walking once just makes the road surface cleaner through main rolling and brushing, secondary rolling and brushing and air-flow towards the cleaning in three roads of sweeping like this.Because the hairbrush of similar vane type is adopted in main rolling and brushing; Air-flow is with the hairbrush fast rotational in outer cover; Pressure reduces like this, and dust is inhaled in the rolling and brushing district naturally, sees main rolling and brushing garbage outlet 5 off until dustbin 23 (see figure 4)s or waste conveyor (seeing Fig. 2, Fig. 3) through main rolling and brushing again.
The present invention can be installed a refuse transport system additional and be installed in (see figure 2) on big-and-middle-sized automobile (or electric motor car) the car body stage casing.Also can install a two-stage conveying additional and sweep 36 (see figure 3)s on main rolling and brushing outer cover of the present invention top; There is two-stage conveying to sweep delivery port 38; Two-stage conveying sweep 36 and two-stage conveying sweep outer cover 37 and form, rubbish is at first cleaned by main rolling and brushing, and secondary rolling and brushing are carried out the cleaning of second road with the rubbish of main rolling and brushing drain sweep; In secondary rolling and brushing shutter delivery port 9 is sent into main rolling and brushing outer cover chamber; Sweep delivery port 38 by main rolling and brushing through two-stage conveying and send into two-stage conveying and sweep in the outer cover chamber, sweep 3 by two-stage conveying again and send into dustbin 23, the rotation direction of main rolling and brushing and secondary rolling and brushing and two-stage conveying rolling and brushing is to rotate in opposite directions; Main rolling and brushing are for clockwise rotating, and two-stage conveying rolling and brushing and secondary rolling and brushing are for rotating counterclockwise.Can be installed in (see figure 3) on the medium-sized electric motor car car body stage casing.Also can independently use (see figure 4) as the miniature hand pulling type scavenging machine.

Claims (10)

1. sweeping mechanism of road sweeper; Comprise main rolling and brushing outer cover (1); Main rolling and brushing (2); Secondary rolling and brushing outer covers (8) and secondary rolling and brushing (6) is characterized in that being provided with the venetian blind type delivery port (9) of ganging up at the adjacent of main rolling and brushing outer cover (1) and secondary rolling and brushing outer cover (8), and main rolling and brushing outer cover (1) connects with the venetian blind type delivery port (9) that secondary rolling and brushing outer cover (8) is provided with through adjacent and is connected; Described main rolling and brushing outer cover (1) respectively is provided with main rolling and brushing elastic force dust-leading board (4) and secondary rolling and brushing elastic force dust-leading board (7) with secondary rolling and brushing outer cover (8) in the bottom of adjacent, main rolling and brushing outer cover (1) is the rubbish import with the opening that secondary rolling and brushing outer cover is had relative to the ground; Be provided with main rolling and brushing garbage outlet (5) on main rolling and brushing outer cover top.
2. sweeping mechanism of road sweeper according to claim 1; It is characterized in that described venetian blind type delivery port comprises delivery port (13); Dust-break sheet (29) and venetian blind type delivery port mounting bracket (50) are formed; In venetian blind type delivery port mounting bracket (50), be provided with a plurality of dust-break sheets; Port between described dust-break sheet and the dust-break sheet is as rubbish delivery port (13), and the port that forms between dust-break sheet and main rolling and brushing outer cover (1) and secondary rolling and brushing outer cover (8) intersection is as rubbish delivery port (13), and the port that forms between dust-break sheet and the secondary rolling and brushing elastic force dust-leading board (7) is as rubbish delivery port (13); The under shed of above-mentioned all ports with oblique down mode in secondary rolling and brushing outer cover (8) chamber, the upper shed of above-mentioned all ports with mode obliquely in the chamber of main rolling and brushing outer cover (1).
3. sweeping mechanism of road sweeper according to claim 1; It is characterized in that main rolling and brushing garbage outlet (5) receives the refuse transport system on the car body stage casing that is installed in large-scale automobile or electric motor car; Described refuse transport system is made up of conveyer belt (14), conveyer belt motor (17), drive sprocket (15), drive sprocket, adjusting sprocket wheel (18) and the support wheel (19) of chain, band refuse hopper (21); Drive sprocket (15) is to adopt to wear the axle installation; Its radius is greater than the height of refuse hopper (21), and refuse hopper (21) is walked around the drive chain wheel shaft; The described conveyer belt (14) that has chain (22) adopt around dustbin (23) from arranging in one week of last bottom right to left surface and can circular flow; Through conveyer belt motor drives drive sprocket (15); Drive sprocket (15) drives chain (22); The conveyer belt (14) that has refuse hopper (21) is regulated sprocket wheel (18) and the position is set than drive sprocket (15) height with the chain operation, and rubbish that its refuse hopper (21) tilted in it when described rubbish conveyer belt ran to dustbin top can be poured in the dustbin (23); The position is provided with support wheel (19) under the conveyer belt (14) of band refuse hopper (21).
4. sweeping mechanism of road sweeper according to claim 1; It is characterized in that on main rolling and brushing outer cover (1) top a two-stage conveying being installed sweeps (36); Two-stage conveying sweeps that (36) are outer to be provided with two-stage conveying and to sweep outer cover (37), and two-stage conveying is swept outer cover (37) and swept delivery port (38) through two-stage conveying and be communicated with main rolling and brushing outer cover (1).
5. sweeping mechanism of road sweeper according to claim 2, the middle the heart channel of Hang-Shaoyin venetian blind type delivery port (9) that it is characterized in that described main rolling and brushing outer cover (1) are that main rolling and brushing outer cover (1) radius adds that the 5--20mm length distance adds the radius of secondary rolling and brushing outer cover (8) to the distance between secondary rolling and brushing outer cover (8) center.
6. want 2 described sweeping mechanism of road sweeper according to right, it is characterized in that its port width of formed port is 20-50mm between described dust-break sheet and the secondary rolling and brushing elastic force dust-leading board (7); Port width between described dust-break sheet and the dust-break sheet is 10-30mm; Formed port width is 10-40mm between dust-break sheet and main rolling and brushing outer cover (1) and secondary rolling and brushing outer cover (8) intersection.
7. sweeping mechanism of road sweeper according to claim 2 is characterized in that between described dust-break sheet and the dust-break sheet being provided with or similar laterally arranging for paralleling, its be provided with angle with and the ground horizontal plane between angle be the 50--75 degree.
8. sweeping mechanism of road sweeper according to claim 2, it is characterized in that described secondary rolling and brushing elastic force dust-leading board (7) is arranged to and the ground horizontal plane between angle be the 30--60 degree.
9. sweeping mechanism of road sweeper according to claim 2; The two side ends that it is characterized in that all dust-break sheets is fixedly mounted on respectively on the venetian blind type delivery port mounting bracket (50), and venetian blind type delivery port mounting bracket (50) two side ends is installed on the corresponding inner face of two end plates (49) of main rolling and brushing outer cover (1) and secondary rolling and brushing outer cover (8) again.
10. miniature hand pulling type scavenging machine; It is characterized in that comprising the described sweeping mechanism of road sweeper of claim 1, the main rolling and brushing garbage outlet (5) on main rolling and brushing outer cover (1) top of sweeping mechanism of road sweeper is received the dustbin of being located at below the main rolling and brushing garbage outlet front portion (23).
CN201010100274XA 2010-01-25 2010-01-25 Sweeping mechanism of road sweeper CN101775784B (en)

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CN102635083A (en) * 2011-02-14 2012-08-15 梁海铭 Method for structuring combined roll sweepers for automatically sweeping and lifting garbage
CN102877428A (en) * 2011-07-14 2013-01-16 叶明英 Regulating structure for guide plate of street rolling sweeper and regulating mechanism of regulating structure
CN104294782A (en) * 2014-11-13 2015-01-21 罗树基 Garbage cleaning and conveying split type cleaning system
CN104328754B (en) * 2014-11-21 2016-09-28 佛山市格美清洁设备有限公司 A kind of road sweeper drives adjustment structure
CN105625231B (en) * 2015-12-26 2017-06-23 罗树基 A kind of rolling and brushing cleaning agency of road sweeper three
CN105401548A (en) * 2015-12-29 2016-03-16 福州中机联机电技术有限公司 Garbage conveying system of purely sweeping type road motor sweeper
CN105507190B (en) * 2016-02-02 2017-05-10 罗树基 Multiple rolling sweeper combined sweeping mechanism of road sweeper
CN108179712B (en) * 2018-01-16 2020-06-16 泰州市佳洁环保科技有限公司 Dust fall type urban road garbage sweeper

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