CN101773083B - Breeding and cultivation method of hybrid Oxyeleotris marmoratus Bleeker - Google Patents

Breeding and cultivation method of hybrid Oxyeleotris marmoratus Bleeker Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101773083B
CN101773083B CN2010101043114A CN201010104311A CN101773083B CN 101773083 B CN101773083 B CN 101773083B CN 2010101043114 A CN2010101043114 A CN 2010101043114A CN 201010104311 A CN201010104311 A CN 201010104311A CN 101773083 B CN101773083 B CN 101773083B
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fish
oxyeleotris
pool
pond
water
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CN101773083A (en
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陆昌胜
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DONGGUAN OCEAN AND FISHERY ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING STATION
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DONGGUAN OCEAN AND FISHERY ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING STATION
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, e.g. of fish

Abstract

The invention belongs to the technical field of breeding and cultivating, in particular to a breeding and cultivating method of hybrid Oxyeleotris marmoratus Bleeker. The method comprises four aspects of totally artificial propagation, fry rearing, adult fish cultivation production and fish disease prevention and cure on hybrid Oxyeleotris marmoratus Bleeker, wherein the totally artificial propagation is characterized in that Oxyeleotris marmorata and Oxyeleotris lineolatus are crossed into hellbender which is the improved variety of the hybrid Oxyeleotris marmoratus Bleeker by a scientific method by utilizing the advantages of two fishes of the Oxyeleotris marmorata and the Oxyeleotris lineolatus; the hellbender gathers the bright color, the good external appearance and the tender and smooth meat texture of the Oxyeleotris marmorata, avoids the defects that the original fish variety is afraid of light, has the habit of hiding in soil and and is fierce and avoids the murder phenomenon that big fishes swallow little fishes and gathers the advantages that the Oxyeleotris lineolatus has gentle nature, does not hide in the soil, is not afraid of light and is not fierce; the hellbender is easy to feed and catch and has high yield; moreover, the fry price of the hellbender is three times the fry price of the Oxyeleotris marmorata, and the price of the commodity adult fish is higher than 30 percent the price of the Oxyeleotris lineolatus; and the hellbender has obvious economic benefits, is welcomed by raisers and is also welcomed by eaters.

Description

Breeding and cultural method of hybridization bamboo shoot shell fish
Technical field
The invention belongs to and breed and the cultural technique field, be specifically related to hybridize breeding and cultural method of bamboo shoot shell fish.
Background technology
The Along with people's growth in the living standard, the food on the dining table not only will be of high nutritive value, but also requirement coloured, fragrant, flavor; As valuable food fish and Oxyeleotris lineolatus, have another name called Australia bamboo shoot fish, though delicious flavour; Warm in nature suitable, do not keep in dark place, the mud of not diving, but appearance is not good, the fish body is grey black; The look that eats in the color is bad, has influenced people's edible interest; As the clouding Oxyeleotris marmoratus of valuable food fish, have another name called safe bamboo shoot fish equally, its appearance is better, and it is yellow that the fish body is; Though meet the look in people's edible demand, fragrance is not as good as Australia bamboo shoot fish, and fearness is seen light, the latent mud of love; Disposition is violent, likes to eat similar small fish, is difficult for feeding, and yields poorly; Thereby can make their color complementary Australia bamboo shoot fish and the hybridization of safe bamboo shoot fish, can cause people's nutritional requirement and appetite requirement; Again can output high, bring high economic benefit, capture as the research topic of culture fishery for many years always.
Summary of the invention
The objective of the invention is to: with valuable food fish clouding Oxyeleotris marmoratus and Oxyeleotris lineolatus crossbreeding and improvement; Seek out that breeding is fast, survival rate is strong, nutritive value is high, eat the bamboo shoot shell fish of the Hybrid that looks good, smell good and taste good; Have another name called beautiful bamboo shoot, and cultivate cultural method.
Of the present invention being achieved in that
The present invention includes artificial propagation, fry rearing, finished product fish culture and four aspects of fish disease prevention and cure of beautiful bamboo shoot fish:
1, artificial propagation:
(1) seed selection.Choosing is healthy, look beautiful, the ripe fish in two ages in winter of height is cooked kind of a fish, according to public female 1: 1 ratio collocation, puts special-purpose pond into, 300 pairs of every mu of density.
(2) grasp season.Generally water temperature is to more than 24 ℃ before annual May Day, and fish begins to oestrus, and at this moment will do artificial fish nest, prepares to lay eggs to fish.After female fish laid eggs, public fish is the drying hatching in the fish nest, and fry is spent and looses after the fertilized egg broken shell.In order to improve incubation rate better, we are recovered to thermostatic chamber to fertilized egg and carry out artificial oxygenation hatching.The thermostatic chamber incubation temperature is 26 ℃~32 ℃ just emerged through 48~60 hours, and incubation rate reaches 95%, and into preprepared training seedling pond was just put fish fry in the back of emerging in 12 hours.
2, the cultivation of growing seedlings:
In 12 hours, put training seedling pond after the fertilized egg broken shell into.The condition in pond is: 1000~1200m 2The pond area; 1~1.2 meter of the pond depth of water, mud are few, pool slanted floor, change water condition, water quality is good, after strict specific process water quality treatment, puts the pool under the fry spray; Cooperate nursing with fish fry open-mouthed bait and ice fresh fish slurry; Through the nursing of 50 day time, fry can grow up to 4~5cm/ tail, and this specification just can go out the pool and forward to and educate the thick seedling pool and raise.
3, the finished product fish culture is produced: forming the pond area of fish optimum is 5~6 mu, about 1.5~1.8 meters of the depth of waters, and water quality will be got well, and the oxygenation condition is arranged, and preferably divides two stages to feed.
Phase I: fish is in the 10cm/ tail fry stage, and every mu of water surface is thrown seedling 6000-8000 tail, and bait-throwing method is: during the fry, throw something and feed all around along the side of a pond with rarer fish slurry.Support to 15~20cm/ tail, 150 gram/tails and divide the pool.
Second stage: the branch pool is that specification is separately supported by size, arranges 3000~4000 tails for every mu.Pond as water condition is good can the breeding density height.Support to finished product fish 500~750 gram/tails always.Before seedling is put in the pond, must handle, clean out the trash fish shrimp on the old pool and cultivate water quality in the malicious pool, guarantee the nursing smoothly safely of bamboo shoot shell fish; Bamboo shoot shell fish belongs to predacious fish, and the most handy ice fresh fish of artificial feeding son breaks into the fish slurry and feeds, one day a meal of only need throwing something and feeding; How in the afternoon about 4 thirty to 5 o'clock the time feed bait; Bait-throwing method is that thicker fish slurry is is evenly thrown something and fed along the pool, also can fix a point to throw something and feed, and feeding volume generally is 3%~3.5% of a fish body weight.
Can concentrate fixed point to throw something and feed during the stage to fish mid-term to finished product fish; Bamboo shoot shell fish (beautiful bamboo shoot) after the hybridization need not resemble the spot Oxyeleotris marmoratus fish and feed with live fish is young, feeds the ice fresh fish and can reduce the bait cost widely, forms 500 gram finished product fishes and only needs 6 jin of-6.5 jin of bait; And because piscinity is docile; Can big fish swallowing little fish, so output is also very high, general one mu of pool can produce more than 2,000 jin of finished product fish; Higher more than 50% than clouding Oxyeleotris marmoratus and Oxyeleotris lineolatus, the kind after the hybridization is prone to feed, is prone to fish for, is prone to transportation.
4, fish disease prevention and cure: fish disease prevention and cure will be noted some: first point: bamboo shoot shell fish is that the subtropics fish is afraid of low temperature a little; To build warm canopy so survive the winter; The temperature that assurance has safety to culture; Culture temperature and remain between 16~35, the bait throwing in temperature is at 24~30 ℃, as eating after fresh fish will fully thaw with freezing.Second point: the good inventory of GPRS, be sure not to cause waste and polluted water is wanted material reducing when being higher than 33 ℃ when water temperature is lower than 24 ℃, be lower than 16 ℃ like water temperature and will stop to feed when being higher than 35 ℃.Thirdly, regularly carry out the pond water sterilization, medicine commonly used is optimum to be bleaching powder, looses and sprinkle in the full pool of consumption 3PPM.During like the pond water unstable, loose to sprinkle on the full pool of available crystal chlorophos medicine, consumption 0.35-0.4PPM, and Ru Chishui is dense, fertile can to add ferrous sulfate 0.2PPM with copper sulphate 0.5-0.6PPM when green, and loose and sprinkle in the full pool, and words with good conditionsi are preferably often changed water.Carried out aspect some at this, just be difficult for taking place fish disease, breed just is effective smoothly.
Advantage of the present invention and good effect are: utilized clouding Oxyeleotris marmoratus and two kinds of fishes of Oxyeleotris lineolatus advantage separately through scientific method, hybridized into the beautiful bamboo shoot fish of improving the breed of bamboo shoot shell fish.Hybridization bamboo shoot shell fish collection get the color of clouding Oxyeleotris marmoratus fish beautiful, sell lover, meat soft, avoided original fish keep in dark place, dive the mud custom, violently eat little cannibalisation phenomenon greatly; Collect again line taking line Oxyeleotris marmoratus fish warm in nature suitable, dive mud, do not keep in dark place, not fierce and cruel, be prone to feed, be prone to fish for; And can go out high yield; And the fry price exceeds three times than clouding Oxyeleotris marmoratus fry, and commodity adult fish price is higher by 30% more than than Oxyeleotris lineolatus fish.So hybridization bamboo shoot shell fishes (beautiful bamboo shoot) are favored by the raiser very, welcome by the eater.
Embodiment
1, artificial propagation:
(1) seed selection.Choosing is healthy, look beautiful, the ripe fish in two ages in winter of height is cooked kind of a fish, according to public female 1: 1 ratio collocation, puts special-purpose pond into, 300 pairs of every mu of density.
(2) grasp season.Generally water temperature is to more than 24 ℃ before annual May Day, and fish begins to oestrus, and at this moment will do artificial fish nest, prepares to lay eggs to fish.After female fish laid eggs, public fry is the drying hatching in ovary, and fry is spent and looses after the fertilized egg broken shell.In order to improve incubation rate better, we are recovered to thermostatic chamber to fertilized egg and carry out artificial oxygenation hatching.Just emerge through 48~60 hours, incubation rate reaches 95%, and into preprepared training seedling pond was just put fish fry in the back of emerging within 12 hours.
2, the cultivation of growing seedlings:
Pond condition: select 1000m 2Few, the pool slanted floor of 1.2 meters of pond, the depth of waters, mud, have change water condition, water quality is the good water quality of handling through strictness;
Throw seedling: throwing seedling should be good at weather, and water temperature is more than 24 ℃ the time, gets just to go out the pool under the young hatching spray, throws every mu of 20-30 of seedling amount ten thousand tails,
Bait-throwing method: throw something and feed all around along the side of a pond with fish fry open-mouthed bait or the rarer fish slurry of ice fresh fish.Eat every days two.Through the nursing of 50 day time, fry can grow up to 4-5cm one tail, goes out the pool then and forwards into the fish pond to and raise.
3, the finished product fish culture is produced:
Pond condition: 6 mu of pond areas, depth of water 1.5-1.8 rice, water quality is good, and the oxygenation condition is arranged, and before seedling is put in the pond, must handle, clean out the trash fish shrimp on the old pool and cultivate water quality in the malicious pool, guarantees the nursing smoothly safely of bamboo shoot shell fish.
Throw seedling: the fry of 10cm/ tail, every mu of water surface is thrown seedling 6000 tails,
Bait-throwing method: bamboo shoot shell fish belongs to predacious fish, feeds one day a meal of throwing something and feeding so break into the fish slurry with ice fresh fish son; 4 thirty to 5 o'clock is fed bait in the afternoon; During bait-throwing method is fry, throw something and feed around along the side of a pond, support to 15~20cm/ tail/or the 150 gram/tail time-division pools with rarer fish slurry.
The branch pool: the branch pool is that specification is separately supported by size, arranges 3000 tails for every mu.Pond as water condition is good can the breeding density height.After dividing the pool, throw something and feed with thicker fish slurry fixed point, feeding volume generally is the 3%-3.5% of fish body weight, supports to finished product fish 500~750 gram/tails always.
The feeding method in fish mid-term to finished product fish stage is to concentrate fixed point to throw something and feed behind the branch pool.
4. fish disease prevention and cure: bamboo shoot shell fish is that the subtropics fish is afraid of low temperature a little; To build warm canopy so survive the winter, guarantee to have the temperature of safety breed, culture temperature and remain between 16~35 ℃; Best bait throwing in temperature is at 24~30 ℃, as eating after fresh fish will fully thaw with freezing.The good inventory of GPRS is wanted material reducing when being higher than 33 ℃ when water temperature is lower than 24 ℃, is lower than 16 ℃ like water temperature and will stops to feed when being higher than 35 ℃.Will regularly carry out the pond water sterilization, sterilize with bleaching powder when Chi Shui stablizes, consumption is 3PPM, looses and sprinkle in the full pool.During like the pond water unstable, with crystal chlorophos medicine, loose and sprinkle in the full pool, and consumption is 0.35-0.4PPM, and when Ru Chishui is dense, fertilely can add ferrous sulfate 0.2PPM with copper sulphate 0.5-0.6PPM when green, loosing and sprinkle in the full pool, often change water.
Above content is merely preferred embodiment of the present invention, and for those of ordinary skill in the art, according to thought of the present invention, the part that on embodiment and range of application, all can change, present embodiment should not be construed as limitation of the present invention.

Claims (4)

1. breeding and cultural method of hybridization bamboo shoot shell fish is characterized in that: comprising: artificial propagation, the cultivation of growing seedlings, finished product fish culture and fish disease prevention and cure four-stage;
Wherein, artificial propagation is through safe bamboo shoot fish; Have another name called clouding Oxyeleotris marmoratus and Australia bamboo shoot fish; Have another name called the Oxyeleotris lineolatus cross mating and become improving the breed-beautiful bamboo shoot of bamboo shoot shell fish; Artificial propagation comprises: 1, male parent is an Oxyeleotris lineolatus, and female parent is the clouding Oxyeleotris marmoratus, 2, male parent is the clouding Oxyeleotris marmoratus, and female parent is an Oxyeleotris lineolatus;
(1) seed selection: the ripe fish that choosing is healthy, look beautiful, height was two ages in winter is cooked kind of a fish, according to the ratio collocation of the female 1:1 of public affairs, puts special-purpose pond into, 300 pairs of every mu of density;
(2) grasp season: water temperature is to more than 24 ℃ before annual May Day, and fish begins to oestrus, and at this moment will do artificial fish nest; Preparation is laid eggs to fish, and after female fish laid eggs, public fish is the drying hatching in the fish nest; Fry is spent and looses after the fertilized egg broken shell, and in order to improve incubation rate better, we are recovered to thermostatic chamber to fertilized egg and carry out artificial oxygenation hatching; 26 ℃ ~ 32 ℃ of thermostatic chamber incubation temperatures; Emerge through 48 ~ 60 hours, incubation rate reaches 95%, and the back of emerging was just put fish fry into preprepared growing seedlings at 12 hours and cultivated the pond;
Wherein, grow seedlings that to cultivate the pond area be 1000 ~ 1200m 2, 1.0 ~ 1.2 meters of the depth of waters, mud is few; Pool slanted floor, change water condition, water quality is the water quality of handling through strictness, and weather will be got well when throwing seedling, and water temperature is more than 24 ℃, gets just to go out young hatching and spend down the pool, every mu of 20-30 of throwing seedling amount ten thousand tails; After the nursing through 50 day time, fry grows up to the 4-5cm tail, and this moment, planting percent had 40%, and at this moment fry will arrive and educate the thick seedling pool and educate thick seedling, every mu 20,000 tail; Support again to long 10 cm of tail and go out the pool, divide specification to the pond culture of finished product fish culture;
Wherein, finished product fish culture pond area is 6 mu, depth of water 1.5-1.8 rice, and water quality is good; Divide two stages to feed;
Phase I: fish is in the 10cm/ tail fry stage, and every mu of water surface is thrown seedling 6000 tails, and bait-throwing method is: during the fry, throw something and feed around along the side of a pond with rarer fish slurry, fosterly divide the pool to 15-20cm/ tail or 150 gram/tails;
Second stage: the branch pool is that specification is separately supported by size; Arrange 3000 tails to throw the pool for every mu; The pond breeding density good like water condition is high, supports to finished product fish 500 gram/tails, before seedling is put in the pond always; The pond will be done the malicious pool and handled, cleans out the trash fish shrimp on the old pool and cultivate water quality, guarantees the nursing smoothly safely of bamboo shoot shell fish; Artificial feeding breaks into the fish slurry with ice fresh fish son and feeds, one day a meal of throwing something and feeding, and 4 thirty of afternoon to 5 o'clock is fed bait, and bait-throwing method is to throw something and feed around thicker fish is starched evenly along the pool, and feeding volume is 3% ~ 3.5% of a fish body weight;
Wherein, fish disease prevention and cure: culture temperature and remain between 16 ~ 35 ℃, the bait throwing in temperature is at 24 ~ 30 ℃, wants material reducing when being higher than 33 ℃ when water temperature is lower than 24 ℃, will stop to feed when being higher than 35 ℃ when water temperature is lower than 16 ℃; Add the ferrous sulfate sterilization regularly with the bleaching powder sterilization or with the chlorophos sterilization, or with copper sulphate, the full pool is unreasonable like a shrew, often change water.
2, breeding and cultural method of hybridization bamboo shoot shell fish according to claim 1 is characterized in that: finished product fish culture second stage, the feeding method in fish mid-term to finished product fish stage replaces with and concentrates fixed point to throw something and feed behind the branch pool.
3, breeding and cultural method of hybridization bamboo shoot shell fish according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the breed temperature of finished product fish is at 20 ~ 33 ℃, and the bait throwing in temperature is at 24 ~ 30 ℃, and in the breed stage of finished product fish, primary water was changed in the fish pond in 10 ~ 15 days.
4, breeding and cultural method of hybridization bamboo shoot shell fish according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the fish disease prevention and cure in the breed is regularly to carry out the pond water sterilization; Sterilize with bleaching powder when Chi Shui stablizes, consumption is 3PPM, looses and sprinkle in the full pool; During the pond water unstable, with the sterilization of crystal chlorophos medicine, consumption is 0.35-0.4PPM; Loose and sprinkle in the full pool, if pond water dense be fertilely to add ferrous sulfate 0.2PPM sterilization with copper sulphate 0.5-0.6PPM when green, the full pool is loose bold and vigorous.
CN2010101043114A 2010-01-30 2010-01-30 Breeding and cultivation method of hybrid Oxyeleotris marmoratus Bleeker Expired - Fee Related CN101773083B (en)

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Families Citing this family (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104247682A (en) * 2013-06-27 2014-12-31 叶旖龙 Culturing method for hybrid marble goby
CN103380751A (en) * 2013-06-28 2013-11-06 句容市苏苑稻米专业合作社 Culture method of Thai Marble Goby
CN105075941B (en) * 2015-08-05 2018-01-05 珠海市现代农业发展中心 Tip sleeper and Oxyeleotris marmoratus cross breeding method
CN106359186A (en) * 2016-08-30 2017-02-01 苏州市阳澄湖三家村蟹业有限公司 Culture method of oxyeleotris mannoratus

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