CN101773043A - Corn industrialized seedling high yield cultivation technique - Google Patents

Corn industrialized seedling high yield cultivation technique Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101773043A
CN101773043A CN201010117256A CN201010117256A CN101773043A CN 101773043 A CN101773043 A CN 101773043A CN 201010117256 A CN201010117256 A CN 201010117256A CN 201010117256 A CN201010117256 A CN 201010117256A CN 101773043 A CN101773043 A CN 101773043A
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China
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seedling
corn
yield
industrialized
corns
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CN201010117256A
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Chinese (zh)
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宋恒福
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宋恒福
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Priority to CN201010117256A priority Critical patent/CN101773043A/en
Publication of CN101773043A publication Critical patent/CN101773043A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The invention discloses a novel method for planting corns, an industrialized seedling high yield cultivation technique, which is as follows: 1. vectors, nutrition bowls, mud manufactured nutrition bowls, plugs and the like are provided for seedling transplantation; 2. seedling devices comprises small-and large-scale active type devices; 3. treatments of seedling medium is carried out; 4. management of leaf cutting and seedling controlling at seedling stages is carried out; and 5. a drought-resistant cultivation method comprises addition of a water fixing agent, deep groove, high ridge, arranging plants in short distance and between wide rows, mulch film full cover, moisture-conserving and wetting and rainwater collection and drought resistance. Adopting the method to plant corns, growth times of corns can be shorten to 20 to 35 days, pesticides used in the full process of the cultivation can be reduced by 80 percent and the drought resistance can be greatly improved, so that the corns can be planted in mountain areas, ridge areas and arid areas; and the heights of the corns are reduced by 10 to 15 percent, the yield is increased by 10 to 15 percent, and investment of cost and labor is reduced by 10 percent. The invention has better increasing yield effect especially in areas without irrigation conditions.

Description

Corn industrialized seedling high yield cultivation technique
Technical field
The present invention relates to the new cultivation method of corn, its main purpose is to shorten corn in the vegetative period in land for growing field crops, can be fully used in the soil.Lack and be beneficial to environmental protection with agricultural chemicals.Increase the drought resisting degree of corn, make the arid area also can plant corn, be convenient to mechanized operation, improve output, reduce investment.
Technical background
Corn is the staple crop in the cereal crops, very big in China's area under cultivation, its cultivation method, since on the books, the change of less than nothing big substantially, lagged behind the development situation in current generation, be unfavorable for very much the expansion of cultivated area, the raising of output, the lifting of quality, after adopting corn industrialized seedling high yield cultivation technique, this situation will have very big change.Concrete superiority is:
1, shortens vegetative period, adopt seedling transplanting technique, corn can shorten 20-35 days at the earth vegetative period, just can improve the availability in soil since so greatly, increase cropping index, in China, the drought-hit area that can not plant corn become to plant the corn district, 1 ripe district is become 1 ripe half district, 1 ripe half district is become 2 ripe districts, count with this and to push away, have how many soils to make full use of, well imagine.
2; the strong corn of drought-resistant ability is more drought-resistant crop; but in sowing; sprout; the bud seedling be unearthed and seedling stage be again very can not be drought-resistant crop; this just gives cultivation process Zhongshan District; the mountain range district; very big difficulty has been brought in the arid area; the such kind of area is again the most arid season in the spring of corn seeding phase; to emerging; the masses that keep a full stand of seedings are not sure and confidence; cause the corn seeding area to reduce in a large number; after adopting factory's seedling raising and transplanting; the germination of corn; emerge and be afraid of most seedling stage the arid this section at small size facilities protection is arranged period; spend under the condition of liquid manure abundance, safety factor is very high.When growing seedlings, situation that can be different according to various places can diminish the seedling medium change greatly again, reconciles and treats different damages caused by a drought, and the drought-hit area also can add an amount of Water fixing agent in the substrate, increases the drought resisting degree.Special arid area, also can adopt zanjon, high ridge, wide line-spacing, more seedlings distance, mulch film all standing, soil moisture conservation to heat collection rain drought-resistant cultivating, this cover effective method, not only can increase output, the more important thing is and allow these regional mass peasants, found out the method for high-yield cultivating, strengthened the confidence of maize planting, thereby the paces of shaking off poverty have been accelerated, I planted experimentally in 07,08,09 3 year in this way, and only (matrix does not add Water fixing agent) all guaranteed harvest preferably by nature rain after watering the steady root water of once attacking a vital point when transplanting.
3, use pesticide-poor in maize culture process kind, used agricultural chemicals is to be used for preventing and treating underground worm more than 80%, underground worm to corn harm main period be behind corn seeding to kind, seed, kind bud and seedling stage, and make into underground pesticide dosage big, medicine is not volatile, residual life, is long, is the main source that soil, environment, water resource and corn kernel are polluted.If take seedling raising and transplanting; we can utilize sunlight, high temperature, overlay film, simple measure such as stifling to matrix; thorough Pesticidal and sterilizing; in the germination of corn, emerge and be at facilities protection and do not have the situation growth in insect pest source seedling stage; need not use agricultural chemicals, when corn was transplanted in ground by the time, the insect resistance capacity of maize seedling was very strong; according to my test, do not reach the necessity that to prevent and treat without its harm of agricultural chemicals.
4, small investment, the high employing of output industrialized seedling high yield cultivation technique is compared with traditional kind method for planting and can be saved 50% seed, saves 80% agricultural chemicals, saves 15% labour.The maize seedling of factorial seedling growth cultivation is neat, seedling is equal, seedling is complete, and various trace element collocation are complete.Since seedling stage controllability strong, generally highly short 20-30 centimetre, wind loading rating increases, output can improve 10-15%.
Summary of the invention
1, the used facility of factory's corn industrialized seedling should be provided with according to different purposes, different place, different scales; Its situation mainly contains several:
1.1 heat preserving type is grown seedlings the Spring Festival and cold district is grown seedlings, and should build heat preserving type epiphragma builder's temporary shed, this builder's temporary shed can be grown seedlings in advance, and its big I is decided according to the need seedling, and the place that water source and land for growing field crops are all nearer should be considered in the factory site;
The factory 1.2 this corn of insect protected formula is grown seedlings is mainly used in two cultivated land districts or three cultivated land districts, and weather is warmmer when growing seedlings, and various insects are all to come into play, for fear of the harm of insect to maize seedling, the factory that should have the insect protected facility;
1.3 the fixed and movable factory of growing seedlings is fixed should be in the plot in flakes more than hundred mu, that uses for many years plants supporting cooperation with other, increases the availability of facility.Be convenient to mechanized operation like this, reduce labour intensity, movable formula is with building with usefulness, small investment like this, but be not easy to mechanized operation.
2, the apparatus of growing seedlings
2.1 medium-sized nutritive cube diameter 13 * 13-16 * 16 polypotss or pond sludge nutritive cube, clay nutritive cube, the seedling stage of this feeding block seedlings raising, this seedling mainly adapted to the little plot of drought-hit area or small size between 25 days-35 days;
2.2 point disk seedling growing point disk seedling growing major advantage floor space is little, be convenient to mechanized operation management and transplanting, but corn generally can not surpass 20 day time seedling stage;
3, nutrient matrix
3.1 medium-sized nutritive cube will be selected the good soil of conglomeration, prevent to transplant the diffusing group of process kind, decreases root, quality is transplanted in influence.
3.2 point disk seedling growing and small-sized feeding block seedlings raising will be selected quality nutrient matrix preferably, as the batch of the peat composed of rotten mosses, cow dung etc., this matrix is convenient to propose and is not hindered root when cave dish kind is carried seedling, and group does not loose.
3.3 after adopting the sort of matrix before growing seedlings, all must join the desired nutritional of growing seedlings entirely, utilize sunlight, canopy film to carry out high temperature and fumigate desinsection, sterilization.
4, seedling management
Seedling management mainly contains 2 points in the different place of normal maize seedling management, and first is leaf-cutting, prolongs the campaign of seedling during the purpose of leaf-cutting, prevents that seedling is overstocked, forms the weak seedling of thin rice seedling, and prevents seedlings, and Da Ye presses seedling.Small size general used artificial leaf-cutting, and large tracts of land can be used the mechanization leaf-cutting, as the tobacco seedling leaf shearing in Yunnan; Second is exactly to control seedling, and the purpose of control seedling is to want to shorten corn to play windproof production-increasing function in the vegetative period in land for growing field crops and the height of reduction corn straw, and method is control water or uses chlormequat.
5, cultivation method
In the good place of water conservancy condition, to water once steady root water after planting, other are same as normal corn planting management.
Should take zanjon, high ridge, wide row, more seedlings, mulch film all standing, soil moisture conservation humidification in Ling Qu, mountain area, drought-hit area, collect the method for rain drought resisting, reach the purpose of high yield.

Claims (5)

1. corn industrialized seedling high yield cultivation technique is made up of plant facilities, the apparatus of growing seedlings, nutrient matrix, seedling management technology, cultivation method; Its main feature is, not the corn kind directly to be sowed in the ground to traditional cultivating method of crop, but according to the required growth time of maize seedling, broadcast in the container of different sizes, spend corn the most unmanageable seedling stage, move into the land for growing field crops then, thereby reach drought resisting, use the purpose of agricultural chemicals, high yield less.
2. corn industrialized seedling high yield cultivation technique according to claim 1 is characterized in that the used facility of factorial seedling growth, in cold spring used heat preserving type grow seedlings factory, insect protected formula grow seedlings factory, the movable and fixed factory of growing seedlings.
3. corn industrialized seedling high yield cultivation technique according to claim 1 is characterized in that the apparatus of growing seedlings, and plastics nutritive cube, pond sludge nutritive cube, seedling culture hole plate is wherein arranged, draw the square form of growing seedlings.
4. according to claim 1, corn industrialized seedling high yield cultivation technique is characterized in that used nutrient matrix reaches the desinsection to nutrient matrix, the method for sterilization and leaf-cutting, the control seedling technology of seedling management.
5. according to claim 1, when corn industrialized seedling high yield cultivation technique is characterized in that maize seedling is transplanted in ground, the Water fixing agent of employing, zanjon high ridge, wide capable more seedlings, mulch film all standing, soil moisture conservation heated, collect the culture technique that rain is taked precautions against drought.
CN201010117256A 2010-03-04 2010-03-04 Corn industrialized seedling high yield cultivation technique Pending CN101773043A (en)

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CN201010117256A CN101773043A (en) 2010-03-04 2010-03-04 Corn industrialized seedling high yield cultivation technique

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201010117256A CN101773043A (en) 2010-03-04 2010-03-04 Corn industrialized seedling high yield cultivation technique

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CN101773043A true CN101773043A (en) 2010-07-14

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102197756A (en) * 2011-05-17 2011-09-28 河南省农业科学院 Industrialized low-consumption production method of maize seedlings
CN103782754A (en) * 2013-10-19 2014-05-14 林平 Method for transplanting corn in zero-leaf stage
CN103814661A (en) * 2013-10-19 2014-05-28 林平 0-leaf stage transplanting method of sorghum hybrid sudangrass
CN103858771A (en) * 2014-04-02 2014-06-18 山东省农业科学院生物技术研究中心 Maize transgenic tissue culture seedling transplanting method
CN106304994A (en) * 2015-06-17 2017-01-11 郑浩生 Cultivation technology for promoting corn precocity

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102197756A (en) * 2011-05-17 2011-09-28 河南省农业科学院 Industrialized low-consumption production method of maize seedlings
CN103782754A (en) * 2013-10-19 2014-05-14 林平 Method for transplanting corn in zero-leaf stage
CN103814661A (en) * 2013-10-19 2014-05-28 林平 0-leaf stage transplanting method of sorghum hybrid sudangrass
CN103858771A (en) * 2014-04-02 2014-06-18 山东省农业科学院生物技术研究中心 Maize transgenic tissue culture seedling transplanting method
CN103858771B (en) * 2014-04-02 2015-09-30 山东省农业科学院生物技术研究中心 A kind of transplanting method of corn gene plantlet in vitro
CN106304994A (en) * 2015-06-17 2017-01-11 郑浩生 Cultivation technology for promoting corn precocity

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Application publication date: 20100714

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