CN101769130B - Method for conveying drill pipe used for oil drilling on/off drill stand - Google Patents

Method for conveying drill pipe used for oil drilling on/off drill stand Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101769130B
CN101769130B CN2010103008064A CN201010300806A CN101769130B CN 101769130 B CN101769130 B CN 101769130B CN 2010103008064 A CN2010103008064 A CN 2010103008064A CN 201010300806 A CN201010300806 A CN 201010300806A CN 101769130 B CN101769130 B CN 101769130B
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China
Prior art keywords
pipe
drill
drilling
rig floor
drilling pipe
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CN2010103008064A
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CN101769130A (en
Inventor
黄可唯
李斌
刘春全
梁俊萍
李阳
邓艳
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Chengdu Shiwei Technology Co Ltd
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Chengdu Shiwei Technology Co Ltd
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Abstract

The invention discloses a method for conveying an up and down drill floor of a drill pipe for oil drilling, comprising the following steps: (1) moving the drill pipe (15) on a pipe rack (1) onto a conveying device (2) positioned in front of the pipe rack (1) so as to horizontally place the drill pipe (15) on the conveying device; (2) the conveying device (2) driving the drill pipe (15) to penetrate through a drill floor ramp way (13) and enter the bottom of the drill floor (16); (3) after penetrating through the drill floor ramp way (13) in the step 2, lifting the front end of the drill pipe (15) step by step till the front end entering in a mouse hole (14) of the drill floor surface; (4) continuing moving the drill pipe (15) till the drill pipe (15) penetrating through the mouse hole (14) of the drill floor surface and reaching the requirements on height and angle. The conveying method has simple operation, can effectively improve the safety and the efficiency of the drill pipe in the conveying engineering and completes the conveying of the drill pipe from the pipe rack to the mouse hole by taking full use of the structural space of the existing drill floor.

Description

A kind of carrying method of drill pipe used for oil drilling on/off drill stand
Technical field
The invention belongs to the oil drilling technology field, relate to a kind of carrying method of drill pipe used for oil drilling on/off drill stand concretely.
Background technology
Along with the national economic development, the demand of petroleum gas is increasing, and this just requires the exploration and development velocity efficiency to need to improve; In the drilling well drilling process, need constantly to increase drilling pipe, traditional way is; Drilling pipe divides sleeve pipe and drilling rod to arrange respectively in the both sides, ground in rig the place ahead; Artificial wire rope with winch is wrapped in drilling pipe one end, and the other end twines the rope made of hemp by manual work traction conduct guiding, and winch and manual work cooperatively interact the total ground of drilling pipe is drawn on the anchor road; Unclamp the rope made of hemp of artificial traction guiding usefulness, drilling pipe is delivered to rig floor along the anchor road through the ramp by winch.At this moment, need workman on the rig floor to draw elevator drilling pipe is blocked and promotes, drilling rod just need be placed into operations such as connecing vertical rod in the mouse hole in this way, and is subsequent use after accomplishing, if sleeve pipe carries out next step operation with regard to directly slinging to borehole position.
Drilling pipe as shown in Figure 2 moves to table top mouse hole assigned address overall process all in the outside completion of rig floor with the path of B → C → D → E from pipe rack in the aforesaid way; After the horizontal feed through on the long gradient anchor road to rig floor; Adopt the elevator device cooperate simultaneously artificial auxiliary with drilling pipe rise to certain altitude and vertically after move to simultaneously and aim at the mouse hole and inject in the mouse hole; This mode wastes time and energy, and inserts after especially must drilling pipe being risen to suitable height, and drilling pipe rocks greatly when cooperating the people auxiliary; Dangerous high, the situation that drilling pipe clashes into the workman often appears.
Open work simultaneously is many, receives the natural cause restriction many, and labour intensity is big, and efficient is low, has potential safety hazard, and efficient is low, and this in a way mode has hindered drilling efficiency greatly.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this invention is to provide and a kind ofly can effectively improve the safety and efficiency of drilling pipe in conveying engineering, made full use of the carrying method that existing rig floor structure space is accomplished the drill pipe used for oil drilling on/off drill stand of drilling pipe from pipe rack to the mouse hole course of conveying.
Technical scheme of the present invention is following:
A kind of carrying method of drill pipe used for oil drilling on/off drill stand, this method is carried out according to the following steps;
(1), the drilling pipe on the pipe rack is moved into place on the conveyer in said pipe rack the place ahead, drilling pipe is lain in a horizontal plane on the conveyer;
(2), conveyer drives drilling pipe and passes entering rig floor bottom, rig floor ramp;
(3), said drilling pipe front end is progressively lifted the mouse hole that gets into the rig floor table top until front end after in step 2, passing the ramp of rig floor;
(4), continuing to move said drilling pipe passes the mouse hole of rig floor table top and arrives height and angle requirement until drilling pipe.
Adopt this kind mode to make full use of the structure space of existing rig floor; Drilling tool is sent into back lifting front end from the rig floor bottom level to pass mouse hole and becomes vertical state to reach and put requirement; This mode settles at one go have been avoided carrying from rig floor is outside in the existing mode, especially behind rig floor, also need promote suitable height last, inserts mouse hole again; Whole process is restive and have potential safety hazard, and the more long-acting rate of drilling pipe moving line is lower simultaneously.
When drilling pipe exposes the rig floor table top when long, have adjustment hole on the ground that is positioned under the said mouse hole, thereby make the drilling pipe end portion fall into said adjustment hole the drilling pipe length of exposing the rig floor table top is diminished.
Beneficial effect: the present invention is simple to operate, effectively improves the safety and efficiency of drilling pipe in conveying engineering, make full use of existing rig floor structure space accomplish drilling pipe from pipe rack to the mouse hole course of conveying.
Description of drawings
The present invention will explain through example and with reference to the mode of accompanying drawing, wherein:
The running status figure of drilling pipe among Fig. 1 the present invention;
Feed status figure in Fig. 2 background technology;
Fig. 3 realizes device structure sketch map in the embodiment of the invention;
Fig. 4 is conveyer and a track fit structure sketch map among Fig. 3;
Fig. 5 is the upward view of conveyer;
Fig. 6 is the A-A direction sectional view of Fig. 5;
Fig. 7 is the conveying equipment layout plan.
The specific embodiment
Shown in Fig. 1: a kind of carrying method of drill pipe used for oil drilling on/off drill stand, this method is carried out according to the following steps;
1, the drilling pipe on the pipe rack 1 15 is moved into place on the conveyer 2 in said pipe rack 1 the place ahead, drilling pipe 15 is lain in a horizontal plane on the conveyer;
2, conveyer 2 drives drilling pipe 15 and passes 13 entering rig floors, 16 bottoms, rig floor ramp;
3, in step 2, pass behind the rig floor ramp 13 said drilling pipe 15 front ends are progressively lifted the mouse hole 14 that gets into the rig floor table top until front end;
4, continuing to move said drilling pipe 15 passes the mouse hole 14 of rig floor table top and reaches height and angle requirement until drilling pipe 15.
When reclaiming drilling rod, can accomplish by the identical path reverse operating of above-mentioned steps.
When drilling pipe 15 exposes the rig floor table top when long, have adjustment hole 17 on the ground that is positioned under the said mouse hole 14, thereby make drilling pipe 15 end portions fall into said adjustment hole 17 drilling pipe 15 length of exposing the rig floor table top are diminished.
Said method adopts and accomplishes like Fig. 1,3,4,5,6, the mechanism shown in 7; This mechanism comprises pipe rack 1, conveyer 2 and track 3; Said pipe rack 1 go out the top that pipe end is positioned at said track 3; Said conveyer 2 comprises transmission motor 4, transmits reel 5, transfer bogie 6, support arm 7, lifting motor 8 and elevating ram 10; Said a pair of transmission reel 5 is arranged in the two ends of said track 3, is wound with between the two transmission reels 5 and transmits drag-line 9, and this drag-line 9 is connected on the line shaft of said transfer bogie 6 simultaneously; Said support arm 7 one ends are hinged on the said transfer bogie 6; The other end is provided with and slides driven pulley 11, and said support arm 7 is made up of support bar 7a and the expansion link 7b that pair of parallel is provided with, and said support bar 7a hollow and two support bar 7a opposed inside have gathering sill 7c; Said expansion link 7b is sleeved in the said support bar 7a; The rear end is fixed with the riser 12 of cross section for " L " shape between the two expansion link 7b, and front end is provided with support member 7h, and said support bar 7a two ends are provided with and promote reel 7d; Be wound with between the two lifting reel 7d and promote drag-line 7e, this drag-line 7e is connected on the said riser 12 simultaneously; Said elevating ram 10 1 ends and said transfer bogie 6 are hinged, and the other end and said support bar 7a are hinged.
Be provided with lifting locating wheel 7f. near the said said support bar 7a that slides driven pulley 11 1 ends
Support member 7h at said expansion link 7b front end is made up of a pair of cone of support wheel.
Said transmission motor 4 is fixedly installed on said track 3 and transmits motor 4 clutch ends and is connected with the said wherein turning cylinder of a transmission reel 5.
Said lifting motor 8 is fixedly installed on said support bar 7a and lifting motor 8 clutch ends are connected with the said wherein turning cylinder of a lifting reel 7d.
Adopt said structure concrete step below pressing to accomplish concretely:
1, the drilling pipe on the said pipe rack 1 is rolled on the conveyer 2 on the said track 3, wherein drilling pipe falls between the two support bar 7a of said support arm 7 and one side and 2 supports of support member 7h through said riser 12;
2, start the said transfer bogie 6 of said transmission drag-line 9 pullings of said transmission motor 4 drives and on said track 3, walk, transfer bogie 6, support arm 7 and elevating ram 10 integral body move to rig floor at this moment;
3, pass rig floor ramp 13 back control elevating rams 10 when said support arm 7 front ends are held up at said conveyer 2, advance and hold up and carry out simultaneously just going into mouse hole 14 until the drilling pipe front end;
4, on the basis of step 3; The said support arm 7 of continuation drive moves ahead and continues liftings through elevating ram 10; Pass mouse hole with support arm 72 rotations relatively of contact point with pin joint and the drilling pipe and the said mouse hole 14 of transfer bogie 6 until drilling pipe this moment;
5, to the rig rig floor of differing heights and the drilling rod of different size; Starting lifting motor 8 drives said lifting drag-line 7e and promotes or put down expansion link 7b and be fixed on the height of the said drilling pipe of riser 12 adjustment on the expansion link 7b; The height that makes drilling pipe upper end expose the rig floor face from mouse hole reaches lays requirement, passes angle through the control and regulation drilling pipe that transmits motor 4 and elevating ram 10 at the same time and makes it arrive the requirement that regulation satisfies the old and new's rig diverse location above rig floor.
In said step 5; Expose the height of rig floor face when long; Through the adjustment hole of opening over against ground, mouse hole below 17, adjust lifting motor 8 release lifting drag-line 7e and make expansion link 7b and the riser 12 vertical drilling pipes that support fall into the height that adjustment hole 17 interior reduction drilling pipes expose the rig floor face.
Reverse operating by above-mentioned steps during withdrawal gets final product; Concretely: the vertical rod that drilling rod is formed is passed mouse hole and lower end from top to bottom and is dropped on cross section in the said support arm on the riser of " L " shape; Unclamp the snap close between every joint drilling rod in the vertical rod, from beginning progressively oppositely to send every drilling rod back to pipe rack through conveyer bottom.
Certainly the method among the present invention is not only accomplished through said structure; Core of the present invention is that drilling pipe is to penetrate rig floor and in rig floor, pierce into rat hole from the bottom up from the rig floor below earlier; We also can adopt traditional delivery vehicle in moving, and for example adopt that winch hangs etc.Height that scalable passes rat hole in this process and the different seat requirement of the old and new's rig above angle adapts to rig floor.

Claims (2)

1. the carrying method of a drill pipe used for oil drilling on/off drill stand, it is characterized in that: this method is carried out according to the following steps;
(1), the drilling pipe (15) on the pipe rack (1) is moved into place on the conveyer (2) in said pipe rack (1) the place ahead, drilling pipe (15) is lain in a horizontal plane on the conveyer;
(2), conveyer (2) drives drilling pipe (15) and passes rig floor ramp (13) entering rig floor (16) bottom;
(3), in step 2, pass behind the rig floor ramp (13) said drilling pipe (15) front end is progressively lifted the mouse hole (14) that gets into the rig floor table top until front end;
(4), continuing to move said drilling pipe (15) passes the mouse hole (14) of rig floor table top and arrives height and angle requirement until drilling pipe (15).
2. the carrying method of a kind of drill pipe used for oil drilling on/off drill stand according to claim 1; It is characterized in that: when drilling pipe (15) exposes the drilling pipe (15) of rig floor table top when long; Ground being positioned under the said mouse hole (14) has adjustment hole (17), make drilling pipe (15) end portion fall into said adjustment hole (17) thus drilling pipe (15) length of exposing the rig floor table top is diminished.
CN2010103008064A 2010-01-27 2010-01-27 Method for conveying drill pipe used for oil drilling on/off drill stand Active CN101769130B (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2010103008064A CN101769130B (en) 2010-01-27 2010-01-27 Method for conveying drill pipe used for oil drilling on/off drill stand

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CN101769130B true CN101769130B (en) 2012-03-21

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Families Citing this family (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103696710B (en) * 2012-09-28 2016-04-20 中国石油化工股份有限公司 Aboveground working string conveying device
CN103410457B (en) * 2013-08-15 2018-11-30 青岛泰众能源技术有限公司 Automate power ramp
CN103590764B (en) * 2013-11-21 2016-05-11 四川宏华石油设备有限公司 Drilling tool carrying method
CN104533318B (en) * 2015-01-30 2017-02-22 杨若森 Automatic oil pipe dismounting device

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4474520A (en) * 1982-03-02 1984-10-02 Ingram Corporation Pipe handling machine
EP0129968A1 (en) * 1983-05-02 1985-01-02 Branham Industries, Inc. Pipe pick-up and lay-down apparatus for drilling
CN2093237U (en) * 1991-05-29 1992-01-15 宝鸡石油机械厂 Automatic conveyer for drilling tool
CN2763475Y (en) * 2004-12-29 2006-03-08 大港油田集团有限责任公司 Drill stem conveyer
CN101787860A (en) * 2010-01-27 2010-07-28 成都世唯科技有限公司 Conveying mechanism and method of upper drilling platform and lower drilling platform of drilling pipe used for petroleum drilling

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4474520A (en) * 1982-03-02 1984-10-02 Ingram Corporation Pipe handling machine
EP0129968A1 (en) * 1983-05-02 1985-01-02 Branham Industries, Inc. Pipe pick-up and lay-down apparatus for drilling
CN2093237U (en) * 1991-05-29 1992-01-15 宝鸡石油机械厂 Automatic conveyer for drilling tool
CN2763475Y (en) * 2004-12-29 2006-03-08 大港油田集团有限责任公司 Drill stem conveyer
CN101787860A (en) * 2010-01-27 2010-07-28 成都世唯科技有限公司 Conveying mechanism and method of upper drilling platform and lower drilling platform of drilling pipe used for petroleum drilling

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