A kind of automatic peeling device for high-voltage hot-line work
The present invention relates to the automatic peeling device for high-voltage hot-line work that a kind of cable to high-tension line divests insulation sheath automatically.
The live line working of high-tension line is the important means of power equipment test, maintenance, transformation, and it reduces loss of outage, guarantees that power grid security makes a great contribution for improving power supply reliability.What at present high-tension line operation frequency was maximum is charged wiring task, divests the wire insulation skin and then be essential step the most.Operation field extensively adopts aerial lift device with insulated arm medial potential working method now, and operating personnel use the manipulation original tool manually to finish the peeling task, and its labour intensity is big, efficient is low, automatization level is low, and the most important operator of being directly contacts high-voltage conducting wires, has very big potential safety hazard.
Summary of the invention
Purpose of the present invention is exactly for solving above technical deficiency, a kind of automatic peeling device for high-voltage hot-line work is provided, it is by means of the manipulator clamping (supplemental support) that is installed on the aerial lift device with insulated arm, carry out the automatic peeling device of high-tension line live line working, thereby substitute original manual peeling tool, increase substantially operating efficiency and processing safety, alleviate operating personnel's labour intensity.
For achieving the above object, the present invention is by the following technical solutions:
A kind of automatic peeling device for high-voltage hot-line work of the present invention, it comprises supporting and positioning mechanism, peeling procedure and controlling organization; Described supporting and positioning mechanism comprises support, and an end of described support is vertically connecting the upper end and is being the positioning splint of anchor clamps, but two ends, the left and right sides respectively are connected with support by spring respectively and the left and right slide block of move left and right; Described peeling procedure comprises the incomplete ratchet mechanism, motor and the motor that are provided with cutter and the incomplete transmission mechanism between the ratchet mechanism, and activity is connected on described incomplete ratchet mechanism lower end and the left slider; Described controlling organization comprises and being used for the spacing electromagnet of described left and right slide block, the lower electromagnet of positioning splint clamping and the control device of motor.
Automatic peeling device for high-voltage hot-line work of the present invention, described motor and not exclusively the transmission mechanism between the ratchet mechanism comprise the crank disc that is connected motor output shaft and vertically be connected on the incomplete ratchet mechanism and the bottom is provided with the rocking bar in strip hole, horizontal expansion has elongate rod on the described crank disc edge, and elongate rod is horizontally through the strip hole of rocking bar.Not exclusively ratchet mechanism matches with positioning splint.The positioning splint below is provided with to clamp uses lower electromagnet.
Automatic peeling device for high-voltage hot-line work of the present invention, described support is a U-shaped, the outside horizontal expansion of U-shaped open end of end has left underframe and right underframe about support, underframe end, a left side is the left spring fixed head, and right underframe end is right spring dead plate, and left spring one end is connected with the left spring fixed head, the other end is connected with left slider, right spring one end is connected with right spring dead plate, and the other end is connected with right slide block, and described two slide block settings and corresponding left underframe and right underframe activity are connected.
Automatic peeling device for high-voltage hot-line work of the present invention, described left and right two slide blocks are on same horizontal line, described incomplete ratchet mechanism lower end is provided with the fixed block of inverted T-shaped, described two slide blocks are the I-shape construction that top is provided with inverted T-slot, and described left slider upper end is connected with incomplete ratchet mechanism activity.
Automatic peeling device for high-voltage hot-line work of the present invention, described incomplete ratchet mechanism comprise incomplete ratchet, with stay bolt be fixed on the incomplete ratchet ratchet fixedly fixture block, with the fixing movable clip block and the cam bit that are connected by rotating shaft of fixture block of ratchet; Described cutter is arranged on the movable clip block.
Automatic peeling device for high-voltage hot-line work of the present invention, described left underframe bottom is provided with the left electromagnet that matches with left slider, and left electromagnet is installed in left underframe bottom by left electromagnet fixed head; The bottom of described right underframe is provided with the right electromagnet that matches with right slide block, and right electromagnet is installed in right underframe bottom by right electromagnet fixed head; Left side electromagnet, right electromagnet all are connected with control device.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows: be applicable to high-voltage hot-line work, can not have a power failure during operation, reduced the loss that has a power failure and cause.Automatic peeling device can replace hand peeling, has reduced artificial labour intensity, has improved efficient, and the operator can directly not contact high-voltage conducting wires, has improved fail safe.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the positive perspective view of the present invention.
Among the figure: 1, aerial condutor, 2, positioning splint, 3, incomplete ratchet mechanism, 4, ratchet is fixture block fixedly, and 5, cam bit, 6, movable clip block, 7, cutter, 8, fixed block, 9, right underframe, 10, right slide block, 11, right electromagnet fixed head, 12, right electromagnet, 13, right spring, 14, right spring dead plate, 15, control device, 16, support, 17, the support handgrip, 18, elongate rod, 19, crank disc, 20, motor, 21, rocking bar, 22, left slider, 23, left side electromagnet, 24, left side electromagnet fixed head, 25, left side underframe, 26, left spring, 27, the left spring fixed head.
The present invention will be further described below in conjunction with accompanying drawing and embodiment.
As shown in Figure 1, the present invention is made up of supporting and positioning mechanism, peeling procedure and controlling organization, comprise support 16, motor 20, control device 15, left and right slide block, crank disc 19, rocking bar 21, left and right electromagnet, not exclusively ratchet, ratchet fixedly partly form by fixture block 4, movable clip block 6, cam bit 5 etc.
Wherein, supporting and positioning mechanism mainly comprises support 16, and support 16 adopts the U-shaped structure, and the horizontal respectively phase epitaxy in the two ends of U-shaped opening stretches out left underframe 25 and right underframe 9, the T-slot that is provided with down on left underframe 25 and the right underframe 9; Left and right slide block adopts top to be provided with the I-shape construction of inverted T-slot, and left and right slide block bottom and left underframe 25 and 9 activities of right underframe are connected.Left side underframe 25 and right underframe 9 ends are provided with left and right spring dead plate, and left slider 22 links to each other with right spring dead plate 14 with left spring fixed head 27 with right spring 13 by left spring 26 respectively with right slide block 10.Left and right slide block promptly in the extension, effect lower edge of left and right spring respectively left, move right.Support 16 is provided with specially can be for the support handgrip 17 of manipulator clamping, keeps stablizing static in whole peeling process, does not move with cutter.
Peeling procedure comprises the transmission mechanism between motor 20, incomplete ratchet mechanism 3 and motor 20 and the incomplete ratchet mechanism 3.Not exclusively ratchet mechanism 3 comprises incomplete ratchet, ratchet fixedly fixture block 4, movable clip block 6, cam bit 5 and cutter 7.Not exclusively ratchet is convenient to aerial condutor 1 and is entered in the ratchet slot, not exclusively ratchet and ratchet fixedly fixture block 4 usefulness stay bolts be connected, pawl disk and rocking bar 21 usefulness lag bolts are connected as a single entity; Movable clip block 6 is connected with bolt with cutter 7 parts, movable clip block 6 simultaneously by rotating shaft and ratchet fixedly fixture block 4 link to each other; Ratchet fixedly is connected and fixed piece 8 in fixture block 4 lower ends, and not exclusively ratchet mechanism 3 is connected by fixed block 8 and slide block activity.Cam bit 5 with run through ratchet fixedly the connecting rod of fixture block 4 and movable clip block 6 link to each other, cam bit 5 rotates realizes fixedly the stepping up and unclamp of fixture block 4 and movable clip block 6 of ratchets.Transmission mechanism between motor 20 and the incomplete ratchet mechanism 3 comprises crank disc 19, elongate rod 18 and rocking bar 21, utilizing key to connect links motor 20 output shafts and crank disc 19 together, horizontal elongate rod 18 1 ends are fixed on crank disc 19 edges, other end hinge is received on the support 16, the strip hole of rocking bar 21 bottoms is passed in the centre, and rocking bar 21 upper ends are connected on the incomplete ratchet.The circular motion of motor 20 outputs is converted into the reciprocal oscillating motion of rocking bar 21 around aerial condutor 1 central shaft.Motor 20 adopts DC speed-reducing.
Controlling organization comprises left and right electromagnet and control device 15, and wherein left and right underframe below is separately installed with the right electromagnet fixed head 11 of fixing right electromagnet 12 and the left electromagnet fixed head 24 of fixing left electromagnet 23.Be respectively arranged with a telescopic shaft on the left and right electromagnet, telescopic shaft must not stretch out electromagnet during electricity at electromagnet under the elastic force effect.When electromagnet gets when electric, telescopic shaft is subjected in the magnetic attraction indentation electromagnet.The telescopic shaft of electromagnet can play the position-limiting action to slide block.End at support 16 vertically is provided with positioning splint 2, and the top of positioning splint 2 is the anchor clamps that are used to clamp aerial condutor, and strap 2 belows are equipped with lower electromagnet, and the telescopic shaft of dependence lower electromagnet is realized stepping up of strap 2 and unclamped.Control device 15 is installed on the support 16, is the switch control each electromagnet and motor 20 power on/off, to change anyway, also can adopt the break-make that the switch that remote control signal receiver realizes is installed.Adopt the 12V battery to power,, on circuit design, taked measures such as anti-electromagnetic interference, overcurrent protection, overvoltage protection, anti-reverse protection in order to realize the reliability of circuit to DC speed-reducing.
Its operation principle is: it comprises four processes, is respectively:
Prepare before the peeling: with incomplete ratchet mechanism 3 by be installed on ratchet fixedly fixed block 8 and right slide block 10 activities on the fixture block 4 be connected.The right spring 13 that stretches, it is spacing to use right electromagnet 12 telescopic shafts to stretch out, and compresses left spring 26 simultaneously, utilizes left electromagnet 23 telescopic shafts to stretch out spacing.Cam bit 5 is unclamped, make ratchet fixedly fixture block 4 and movable clip block 6 open mouth, rotate incomplete ratchet mechanism 3 and expose breach.Regulate cutter 7 angles of inclination and cutting depth to desired value.
Hang the cutter process: manipulator clamping peeling support is near aerial condutor 1, positioning splint 2 openings; Adjust support 16, aerial condutor 1 is put into positioning splint 2 openings, incomplete ratchet mechanism 3 breach and ratchet fixedly fixture block 4 and movable clip block 6 openings; Lower electromagnet gets electric, and positioning splint 2 clamping support hollow wires 1 prevent to be out of shape in aerial condutor 1 working angles; Stir cam bit 5, the locking ratchet is fixture block 4 and movable clip block 6 fixedly, regulates the incision angle of inclination and the degree of depth of the cutter 7 that is fixedly connected on movable clip block 6 simultaneously, guarantees to prick in the aerial condutor 1.
Working angles: after compressing cutter 7, it is electric that right electromagnet 12 is got, and its telescopic shaft retracts, and right spring 13 is released resilience, drives right slide block 10 and move right, this moment right slide block 10 and not exclusively fixedly fixed block 8 disengagings of fixture block 4 of ratchet.By the Remote control set for adjusting, DC speed-reducing 20 is exported with appropriate speed.Utilizing key to connect links motor 20 output shafts and crank disc 19 together, drive rocking bar 21 swings by the elongate rod 18 that is installed on crank disc 19 edges, thereby motor 20 output circular motion are converted into rocking bar 21 reciprocal oscillating motions, drive pawl disk around aerial condutor 1 central axis reciprocating motion, elongate rod 18 1 end hinges are received on the support 16.When ratchet cover plate left side touches the right side of positioning splint 2, form cutter 7 ring cuttings, thereby stripping insulated hull and lead disengaging are finished whole working angles.
Pluck the cutter process: the fine motion of control motor, make incomplete ratchet rotation proper angle, guarantee that the inverted T-slot aligning of left slider 22 is installed on the fixedly fixed block 8 of the inverted T-shaped of fixture block 4 lower ends of ratchet.Left side electromagnet 23 gets electric, and its telescopic shaft retracts, and left spring 26 is released, and repulsive-type maglev left slider 22 moves right, and blocks fixed block 8; Unclamp positioning splint 2 and cam bit 5, at this moment whole incomplete ratchet mechanism 3 and cutter 7 break away from aerial condutor 1.