CN101759488A - Culture medium of apricot spore mushroom and preparation method thereof - Google Patents

Culture medium of apricot spore mushroom and preparation method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101759488A
CN101759488A CN200810207549A CN200810207549A CN101759488A CN 101759488 A CN101759488 A CN 101759488A CN 200810207549 A CN200810207549 A CN 200810207549A CN 200810207549 A CN200810207549 A CN 200810207549A CN 101759488 A CN101759488 A CN 101759488A
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China
Prior art keywords
parts
spore mushroom
substratum
apricot spore
grains
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CN200810207549A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN101759488B (en
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余荣琳
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上海高榕生物科技有限公司
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Abstract

The invention discloses a culture medium of apricot spore mushroom, which comprises the following components based on parts by weight: 26-32 parts of corn core, 5-11 parts of rice bran, 18-22 parts of bran, 18-22 parts of sawdust, 15-19 parts of tofu pulp, 4-6 parts of beer grains and 0.5-1.5 parts of oyster shell fossil. The source of raw materials is abundant, the price is low, the nutrition is abundant, and the oyster shell fossil and the beer grains can adjust the pH value of the culture medium to provide good nutrition growth environment for the apricot spore mushroom and has obvious effect for increasing yield. The preparation method of the culture medium comprises the steps of disintegrating the granularity of the raw materials below 4mm and stirring by means of adding water, so that the mixing of the culture medium is even, the bottling is easy, the nutrition is balanced, the apricot spore mushroom can be regularly grown, the picking time is shortened, and the quality is improved.

Description

The substratum of apricot spore mushroom and preparation method
Technical field
The invention belongs to the fungus growing technique field, particularly relate to a kind of substratum and preparation method of apricot spore mushroom.
Background technology
Prior art is often selected cotton seed hulls for use, and corn cob, wheat bran, wood chip, starting material such as lime are mixed with the nutrition source of solid medium as the apricot spore mushroom growth.Disclose a kind of substratum of apricot spore mushroom as " Hebei agricultural science and technology ", the prescription and the weight proportion of its raw material are as follows: cotton seed hulls 46%, weed tree sawdust 35%, wheat bran 15%, Semen Maydis powder 2%, lime carbonate 1%, sugar 1%." extraordinary economic animals and plants " disclose a kind of substratum of apricot spore mushroom for another example, and the prescription and the weight proportion of its raw material are as follows: cotton seed hulls 2000kg, wheat bran 400kg, Semen Maydis powder 50kg, brown sugar 20kg, calcium superphosphate 4kg, urea 4kg, unslaked lime 25kg.The ratio of two kinds of prescription cotton seed hullss is bigger, and because of being with velveteen on the cotton seed hulls, mechanical type stirs bottling machine bottling difficulty, the quality of influence bottling.It is unreasonable that overall in addition prescription also exists nutritive props, is unfavorable for the growth of apricot spore mushroom.
The preparation method of prior art substratum is that starting material are passed through grinding and processing simply, and granularity is bigger, adds water then and mixes stirring, substratum mixes uneven, and the bottling difficulty, and nutrition is unbalanced, it is irregular to grow, and causes prolong degradation problem under the quality collection period.
Summary of the invention
The objective of the invention is to be to overcome above-mentioned the deficiencies in the prior art, a kind of substratum of apricot spore mushroom is provided, the starting material source is abundant, cheap, and is nutritious reasonable, helps the apricot spore mushroom growth.
Another object of the present invention also is to provide a kind of preparation method of this apricot spore mushroom substratum.
The objective of the invention is to realize in the following manner: a kind of substratum of apricot spore mushroom, make by the following weight parts proportion raw material: 26~32 parts of corn cobs, 5~11 parts in rice bran, 18~22 parts in wheat bran, 18~22 parts of wood chips, 15~19 parts of residue from beans after makings, 4~6 parts of brewer's grains, 0.5~1.5 part in shellfish fossil.
The weight part proportioning of each raw material of screening formulation of the present invention is: 28~30 parts of corn cobs, 7~9 parts in rice bran, 19~21 parts in wheat bran, 19~21 parts of wood chips, 16~18 parts of residue from beans after makings, 4.5~5.5 parts of brewer's grains, 0.8~1.2 part in shellfish fossil.
The weight part proportioning of each raw material of optimum formula of the present invention is: 29 parts of corn cobs, 8 parts in rice bran, 20 parts in wheat bran, 20 parts of wood chips, 17 parts of residue from beans after makings, 5 parts of brewer's grains, 1 part in shellfish fossil.
The medium preparation method of apricot spore mushroom of the present invention in turn includes the following steps:
(a) earlier culture medium raw material is ground into particle, granularity will be below 4mm; (b) in proportion corn cob, wood pellet are added water and stirred 12~18 minutes, to the culture material water content be 40~45%, restir 28~32 minutes; (c) add rice bran, wheat bran, residue from beans after making, brewer's grains, shellfish fossil more in proportion in the compound of step (b), stirred 28~32 minutes, adding water to the culture material water content is 65~68%, restir 15~30 minutes; (d) pack into plantation bottle of the substratum compound that step (c) is stirred.
The substratum of apricot spore mushroom of the present invention has following advantage: the first, and these starting material: corn cob, wheat bran, rice bran, residue from beans after making, brewer's grains all are the waste materials of agriculture production, scientifically utilize the waste material of agricultural, promote the circulation of agricultural resource.The second, these starting material sources are abundant, cheap.The 3rd, utilize these starting material of microbiological degradation, the pollution that causes is few, has also reduced the pollution of waste material simultaneously.The 4th, contain a large amount of mycoprotein through the culture material after the microbiological degradation utilization, can be used as animal-feed and use.The 5th, these substratum can provide abundant nutrition for Pleurotus eryngii, and wherein shellfish fossil of Jia Ruing and brewer's grains can be regulated the pH value of substratum, and the interpolation of residue from beans after making can improve water content greatly, the growing environment that provides for Pleurotus eryngii; Integrate the purpose that can reach increasing both production and income.
The preparation method of the substratum of apricot spore mushroom of the present invention has following advantage: be with starting material grinding and processing granularity below 4mm, granularity is less, add water then and mix stirring, substratum mixes, bottling easily, and is balanced in nutrition, and it is neat to help the apricot spore mushroom growth, shorten collection period, and quality improves.
Embodiment
Embodiment 1: take by weighing raw material by following part by weight: 29 parts of corn cobs, 8 parts in rice bran, 20 parts in wheat bran, 20 parts of wood chips, 17 parts of residue from beans after makings, 5 parts of brewer's grains, 1 part in shellfish fossil.(a) earlier culture medium raw material is ground into particle, granularity will be below 4mm; (b) in proportion corn cob, wood pellet are added water and stirred 15 minutes, to the culture material water content be 42%, restir 30 minutes; (c) add rice bran, wheat bran, residue from beans after making, brewer's grains, shellfish fossil more in proportion in the compound of step (b), stirred 30 minutes, adding water to the culture material water content is 66%, restir 20 minutes; (d) pack into plantation bottle of the substratum compound that step (c) is stirred.
Embodiment 2: take by weighing raw material by following part by weight: 25 parts of corn cobs, 10 parts in rice bran, 18 parts in wheat bran, 21 parts of wood chips, 16 parts of residue from beans after makings, 5.4 parts of brewer's grains, 1.2 parts in shellfish fossil.(a) earlier culture medium raw material is ground into particle, granularity will be below 4mm; (b) in proportion corn cob, wood pellet are added water and stirred 18 minutes, to the culture material water content be 41%, restir 32 minutes; (c) add rice bran, wheat bran, residue from beans after making, brewer's grains, shellfish fossil more in proportion in the compound of step (b), stirred 29 minutes, adding water to the culture material water content is 67%, restir 25 minutes; (d) pack into plantation bottle of the substratum compound that step (c) is stirred.
Embodiment 3: take by weighing raw material by following part by weight: 30 parts of corn cobs, 7 parts in rice bran, 21 parts in wheat bran, 18 parts of wood chips, 18 parts of residue from beans after makings, 4.2 parts of brewer's grains, 0.6 part in shellfish fossil.(a) earlier culture medium raw material is ground into particle, granularity will be below 4mm; (b) in proportion corn cob, wood pellet are added water and stirred 13 minutes, to the culture material water content be 44%, restir 29 minutes; (c) add rice bran, wheat bran, residue from beans after making, brewer's grains, shellfish fossil more in proportion in the compound of step (b), stirred 31 minutes, adding water to the culture material water content is 68%, restir 18 minutes; (d) pack into plantation bottle of the substratum compound that step (c) is stirred.

Claims (5)

1. the substratum of an apricot spore mushroom, it is characterized in that: it is made by the following weight parts proportion raw material: 26~32 parts of corn cobs, 5~11 parts in rice bran, 18~22 parts in wheat bran, 18~22 parts of wood chips, 15~19 parts of residue from beans after makings, 4~6 parts of brewer's grains, 0.5~1.5 part in shellfish fossil.
2. according to the substratum of the described apricot spore mushroom of claim 1, wherein the weight part proportioning of each raw material is: 28~30 parts of corn cobs, 7~9 parts in rice bran, 19~21 parts in wheat bran, 19~21 parts of wood chips, 16~18 parts of residue from beans after makings, 4.5~5.5 parts of brewer's grains, 0.8~1.2 part in shellfish fossil.
3. according to the substratum of the described apricot spore mushroom of claim 1, wherein the weight part proportioning of each raw material is: 29 parts of corn cobs, 8 parts in rice bran, 20 parts in wheat bran, 20 parts of wood chips, 17 parts of residue from beans after makings, 5 parts of brewer's grains, 1 part in shellfish fossil.
4. the medium preparation method of a claim 1,2 or 3 described apricot spore mushrooms, this method comprises the steps:
(a) earlier culture medium raw material is ground into particle, granularity will be below 4mm;
(b) in proportion corn cob, wood pellet are added water and stirred 12~18 minutes, to the culture material water content be 40~45%, restir 28~32 minutes;
(c) add rice bran, wheat bran, residue from beans after making, brewer's grains, shellfish fossil more in proportion in the compound of step (b), stirred 28~32 minutes, adding water to the culture material water content is 65~68%, restir 15~30 minutes;
(d) pack into plantation bottle of the substratum compound that step (c) is stirred.
5. according to the medium preparation method of the described apricot spore mushroom of claim 4, it is characterized in that: starting material are added in the agitator kettle stir, stir siccative earlier, and then add the water stirring in proportion.
CN 200810207549 2008-12-23 2008-12-23 Culture medium of apricot spore mushroom and preparation method thereof CN101759488B (en)

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Cited By (15)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101946638A (en) * 2010-09-20 2011-01-19 福建省曲斗香酒业有限公司 Method for culturing cordyceps militaris by distilled grain
CN102197760A (en) * 2011-03-29 2011-09-28 福建绿宝食品集团有限公司 Cultivating method of hypsizygus marmoreus
CN102326506A (en) * 2011-03-24 2012-01-25 上海雪榕生物科技股份有限公司 Ecological cultivation method by utilizing flammulina velutipes culture medium to cultivate pleurotus eryngii
CN102442862A (en) * 2011-03-24 2012-05-09 上海雪榕生物科技股份有限公司 Formula and preparation method of hypsizygus marmoreus culture medium
CN102503662A (en) * 2011-10-13 2012-06-20 成都榕珍菌业有限公司 Culture medium for Pleurotus eryngii bag cultivation and preparation method thereof
CN103333025A (en) * 2013-07-18 2013-10-02 司天戎 Culture medium capable of culturing compact pleurotus eryngii and preparation method of culture medium
CN103333024A (en) * 2013-07-18 2013-10-02 司天戎 Facilitating pleurotus eryngii culture medium and preparation method thereof
CN103420720A (en) * 2013-07-24 2013-12-04 浙江百兴食品有限公司 Base material formula for cultivation of pleurotus eryngii and using method
CN104108984A (en) * 2014-06-18 2014-10-22 东至县兴农菌业有限责任公司 Pleurotus eryngii culture medium made of cotton seed hulls and preparation method thereof
CN104311246A (en) * 2014-09-28 2015-01-28 铜陵市香江食用菌种植有限责任公司 Culture medium of pleurotus geesteranus and preparation method of culture medium
CN104326803A (en) * 2014-09-28 2015-02-04 铜陵市香江食用菌种植有限责任公司 Culture medium of calcium-rich pleurotus eryngii
CN104541984A (en) * 2015-01-28 2015-04-29 上海光明森源生物科技有限公司 Culture compost for industrial production of grifola frondosa
CN104926464A (en) * 2015-06-10 2015-09-23 柳州市宝杨种植专业合作社 Culture compost for industrial cultivation of pleurotus eryngii
CN104945156A (en) * 2015-07-06 2015-09-30 合肥福泉现代农业科技有限公司 Efficient culture medium facilitating improvement of stress resistance of hypsizygus mammoreus bigelow and preparing method
CN109526565A (en) * 2018-12-13 2019-03-29 成都中延榕珍菌业有限公司 A kind of Pleurotus eryngii liquid fermentation medium and strain cultivation method and method for planting almond abalone mushroom

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CN101061777A (en) * 2006-04-28 2007-10-31 刘魁 Pleurotus eryngii cultivating material
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CN101182266A (en) * 2007-10-31 2008-05-21 杭州农发科技开发有限公司 Method for planting selenium-enriched pleurotus eryngii and culture medium thereof

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Cited By (17)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101946638B (en) * 2010-09-20 2011-12-28 福建省曲斗香酒业有限公司 Method for culturing cordyceps militaris by distilled grain
CN101946638A (en) * 2010-09-20 2011-01-19 福建省曲斗香酒业有限公司 Method for culturing cordyceps militaris by distilled grain
CN102326506A (en) * 2011-03-24 2012-01-25 上海雪榕生物科技股份有限公司 Ecological cultivation method by utilizing flammulina velutipes culture medium to cultivate pleurotus eryngii
CN102442862A (en) * 2011-03-24 2012-05-09 上海雪榕生物科技股份有限公司 Formula and preparation method of hypsizygus marmoreus culture medium
CN102197760A (en) * 2011-03-29 2011-09-28 福建绿宝食品集团有限公司 Cultivating method of hypsizygus marmoreus
CN102503662A (en) * 2011-10-13 2012-06-20 成都榕珍菌业有限公司 Culture medium for Pleurotus eryngii bag cultivation and preparation method thereof
CN103333024B (en) * 2013-07-18 2015-06-10 司天戎 Facilitating pleurotus eryngii culture medium and preparation method thereof
CN103333025A (en) * 2013-07-18 2013-10-02 司天戎 Culture medium capable of culturing compact pleurotus eryngii and preparation method of culture medium
CN103333024A (en) * 2013-07-18 2013-10-02 司天戎 Facilitating pleurotus eryngii culture medium and preparation method thereof
CN103420720A (en) * 2013-07-24 2013-12-04 浙江百兴食品有限公司 Base material formula for cultivation of pleurotus eryngii and using method
CN104108984A (en) * 2014-06-18 2014-10-22 东至县兴农菌业有限责任公司 Pleurotus eryngii culture medium made of cotton seed hulls and preparation method thereof
CN104311246A (en) * 2014-09-28 2015-01-28 铜陵市香江食用菌种植有限责任公司 Culture medium of pleurotus geesteranus and preparation method of culture medium
CN104326803A (en) * 2014-09-28 2015-02-04 铜陵市香江食用菌种植有限责任公司 Culture medium of calcium-rich pleurotus eryngii
CN104541984A (en) * 2015-01-28 2015-04-29 上海光明森源生物科技有限公司 Culture compost for industrial production of grifola frondosa
CN104926464A (en) * 2015-06-10 2015-09-23 柳州市宝杨种植专业合作社 Culture compost for industrial cultivation of pleurotus eryngii
CN104945156A (en) * 2015-07-06 2015-09-30 合肥福泉现代农业科技有限公司 Efficient culture medium facilitating improvement of stress resistance of hypsizygus mammoreus bigelow and preparing method
CN109526565A (en) * 2018-12-13 2019-03-29 成都中延榕珍菌业有限公司 A kind of Pleurotus eryngii liquid fermentation medium and strain cultivation method and method for planting almond abalone mushroom

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