CN101748575A - Method for single-sided fabric finishing - Google Patents

Method for single-sided fabric finishing Download PDF

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CN101748575A
CN101748575A CN 200810240379 CN200810240379A CN101748575A CN 101748575 A CN101748575 A CN 101748575A CN 200810240379 CN200810240379 CN 200810240379 CN 200810240379 A CN200810240379 A CN 200810240379A CN 101748575 A CN101748575 A CN 101748575A
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fabric
finishing
liquid
water
method according
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CN 200810240379
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CN101748575B (en )
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廉志军
潘菊芳
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中国纺织科学研究院
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Abstract

The invention provides a method for single-sided fabric finishing, which comprises the following steps: 1) pre-drying fabric; 2) applying finishing solution on a single side of the fabric by means of spraying; and 3) drying the fabric obtained in the second step, and obtaining the finished fabric product after drying. The method has a simple technical process, and can greatly improve the production efficiency in fabric finishing. After the single-sided finishing, such as the single-sided water-repellent and oil-repellent finishing, the fabric not only can meet the requirements for water repellence and oil repellence, but also can be worn more comfortably, thereby improving the product grade.

Description

一种用于织物单面整理的方法 A method for finishing one surface of the fabric

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明涉及织物的整理方法,更具体地,涉及织物单面整理的处理方法,可以赋予 [0001] The present invention relates to a method for finishing fabrics, and more particularly, to a processing method of finishing one side of a fabric, can impart

织物两面不同的性能。 Fabric sides of different properties. 背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 对于织物的整理,传统的方法为浸渍或浸轧,然后烘干、焙烘,这两种整理方式整理液在织物中完全均匀分布,织物的给液量达到50 %〜100 % ,甚至更高,整理后织物两面效果相同,不论是浸渍还是授轧,都属于对织物整体进行整理。 [0002] For the finishing of the fabric, the conventional method of dipping or padding, and then drying, curing, finishing both ways in the finishing liquor is uniformly distributed throughout the fabric, the fabric to the liquid amount 50% ~ 100%, even more, the same effect on both sides of the finished fabric, impregnated or both rolling granted, it belongs to the whole fabric finishing. 而织物的整理多种多样,如拒水拒油整理、抗菌整理、树脂整理、抗紫外整理、柔软整理等,传统的方法对织物进行这些整理都是双面进行。 And a variety of fabric finishing, such as water and oil repellent finishing, antibacterial finishing, resin finishing, finishing UV, soft finish, the traditional approach to these fabrics are double-sided for finishing.

[0003] 有些整理实际上在织物单面施加就足够了,如拒水拒油整理。 [0003] Some finishing actually applied to one surface of the fabric is sufficient, such as water and oil repellent finish. 经过传统拒水拒油 After the traditional water and oil repellent

整理后,织物两面都具有拒水拒油的效果,这对织物的穿着舒适性有较大影响,因为织物靠 After finishing, the fabric on both sides have the effect of water and oil repellent, which have a greater impact on the comfort of the fabric, since the fabric by

近皮肤的那面也拒水了,对汗液毫无吸附能力,织物就失去了吸汗的功能,而拒水拒油整理 Near the skin surface that is also water repellent, and there is no adsorption capacity of sweat, sweat fabric loses its function, and water and oil repellent finish

的目的实际上仅是需要织物的一面(向外的一面)具有拒水拒油功能即可。 The purpose is merely needs the fabric side (outward side) having a water and oil repellent function.

[0004] 在后整理方面,目前开发单面拒水拒油织物的方法有涂层、层压复合、印花、泡沫 [0004] After finishing, the current development of water- and oil-repellent-sided fabric with a coating method, a laminated composite, printing, foam

整理等,JP20050358097公开了一种单面的部分疏水性纤维结构及其制造方法,在纤维结构 Finishing, JP20050358097 hydrophobic fibrous structure is disclosed a method of manufacturing one surface portion, the fibrous structure

物上附着平均粒径l-100nm的无机微粒及根据需要附着吸水剂后,在纤维结构物的一个面 Average particle diameter of the inorganic fine particles was adhered l-100nm and the water absorbing agent according to the required adhesion, the surface of a fiber structure

上部分涂布疏水剂。 The partially coated with a hydrophobic agent. W02005090671公开了织物分面整理方法,该方法是将一种包含选择的 W02005090671 discloses a method for finishing fabrics facet, the method comprising the selected

性能整理剂的泡沫施涂到选择的基材面上,所采取的方式限制该性能整理剂透过基材横穿 Foam performance finish is applied to a selected surface of a substrate, taken way limiting the performance finish through the substrate

到相反基材面,因此整理剂的性能特征仅表现在整理剂施涂的基面上,另外,该方法还可以 In contrast to the substrate surface, thus finishing agent performance characteristics exhibited only at the surface finish onto the substrate, further, the method may further

将具有第二不同的性能整理剂的第二泡沫施涂到相反的基材面上,使只有第二面表现第二 The second foam having different properties a second finish is applied to the opposite surface of the substrate, so that only the second surface of the second performance

整理剂的特征。 It features the finish.

[0005] 其中涂层是使用树脂在织物单面进行涂敷,涂层整理的织物透气性较差,而且经涂层整理的织物手感不好;层压复合是将一种拒水拒油的薄膜通过层压的方式复合到织物上,也存在透气性差、手感差的问题;印花方法是采用印花的方式将拒水拒油整理剂印到织物表面,对织物手感影响也很大;泡沫整理是一种低给液整理方法,也可用于织物的单面拒水拒油整理,但需要专用发泡设备,而且对整理效果均匀性控制要求较高。 [0005] wherein a resin coating is performed in one-surface coated fabric, coated fabric finishing poor ventilation, and finished fabric was coated feel bad; laminated composite is one kind of the water and oil repellent by way of laminating the composite film to the fabric, there is poor ventilation, the problem of poor texture; printing process using printing manner is water and oil repellent finishing agent printed onto the fabric surface, also a great effect on the fabric handle; foam finishing is a low to a liquid finishing process, the fabric for one side can be water and oil repellent finish, but requires specialized foaming equipment, but also for higher finishing effect uniformity control requirements. [0006] 有关开发具有单面拒水拒油功能的织物有多种方法,如宁波雅戈尔针织染整有限公司在其专利申请CN200510060885. 5 "单面拒水拒油针织面料及其生产方法"中就公开了一种开发单面拒水拒油针织面料的方法,其内容是使用一根亲水纱和一根拒水拒油纱,通过织造过程中纱线的排列,使织物正面为拒水拒油纱,反面为亲水纱,达到织物单面拒水拒油的目的。 There are various methods of fabric [0006] For the development of water and oil repellent having one surface feature, such as Youngor Knitting Co., Ltd, in its patent application CN200510060885. 5 "water and oil repellent sided knitted fabric and its production method" in the it discloses a method of developing one surface water repellent oil repellent knitted fabric, the content of a hydrophilic yarn and using a water and oil repellent yarn by weaving yarns arranged in the front of the water-repellent fabric oil-repellent yarn back yarn is hydrophilic, one surface of the fabric to achieve the object of the water- and oil. 其缺点是受织物组织规格限制较大,仅能生产特定规格的针织面料,对大多数织物产品并不适用,不能开发其他有单面拒水拒油功能的织物产品。 The disadvantage is more limited by the specifications of the weave, can only produce specific specifications of knitted fabrics, most textile products are not suitable, not one-sided development of other textile products are water and oil repellent function. 而用后整理的方式开发单面拒水拒油的织物产品则具有较广的产品适用性。 The development of one-sided way after finishing with water and oil repellent fabric products are products with a wider applicability.

[0007] 对织物比较理想的整理方法是既能达到整理的目的,又尽可能减小对织物原有特性,如透气性、手感、颜色、外观等的影响。 [0007] Ideally the fabric finishing process is to not only achieve the purpose of finishing, and reduce the impact on the original fabric properties, such as breathability, texture, color, appearance, etc. as much as possible. 涂层、复合、印花等方法都属于对织物原有特性影 Coatings, composites, printing and other methods are all characteristics of the original fabric Movies

3响较大的方法,而泡沫整理和本发明提及的方法是较为理想的织物单面整理方法,但泡沫整理方法也有其使用的局限性。 3 greater impact method, and the method of the present invention and the foam finish mentioned one surface is an ideal fabric finishing process, but the foam method also has its limitations finishing use.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0008] 本发明的目的是提供一种织物单面整理的方法,该方法的操作过程简单,能够大大提高织物处理的生产效率,对织物进行单面整理后,例如单面拒水拒油整理,不但可以达到对织物拒水拒油的需求,还可以提高织物的穿着舒适性,提高产品档次。 [0008] The object of the present invention is to provide a method of finishing one side of a fabric, the method of operation is simple, can greatly improve the production efficiency of the treated fabrics, after finishing one surface of the fabric, for example, single water and oil repellent finish not only can achieve the fabrics water- and oil demand, but also can improve the comfort of the fabric, improve product quality. [0009] 织物单面整理的需求源自对织物功能的需求,如织物的拒水拒油功能,通常仅需要织物向外的一面具有拒水拒油功能就可以了,如果织物向内的一面也有拒水拒油功能则对织物吸汗透湿功能影响较大,穿着极不舒适,而通常的拒水拒油整理,织物两面都具有拒水拒油的功能。 [0009] one surface finishing textile fabric demand from the demand function, such as water- and oil-repellent function fabrics, the fabric typically requires only an outward side having water and oil repellent function can, if the inward side of the fabric there are also water and oil repellent effect on the function of the moisture absorbent fabric features a large, extremely comfortable to wear, while the usual water and oil repellent finish, both sides of the fabric has a water and oil repellent function. 对织物进行单面拒水拒油整理不但可以达到对织物拒水拒油功能的需求, 还可以提高织物的穿着舒适性,提高产品档次。 One side of the fabric water and oil repellent finish can be achieved not only the fabric water and oil repellent functional needs, but also improve the comfort of the fabric, improve product quality.

[0010] 为实现本发明的发明目的一种织物单面整理的方法,采用如下的技术方案: [0011 ] 1)将织物进行预烘处理; [0010] A method of finishing one side of a fabric of the present invention to achieve the object of the invention, the following technical solutions: [0011] 1) The fabric was pre-bake treatment;

[0012] 2)将整理液以喷雾的方式施加在预烘处理后的织物单面上; [0013] 3)步骤2)得到的织物进行烘干、焙烘过程即得到织物成品。 [0012] 2) The manner of finishing liquor spray applied on one surface of the fabric after the pre-bake treatment; [0013] 3) Step 2) to give the fabric drying, baking process to obtain the finished fabric.

[0014] 步骤1)所述织物包括机织物、针织物,天然纤维织物、人造纤维织物或各种混纺织物,其优选机织物或天然纤维织物。 [0014] Step a) said fabric comprising a woven fabric, a knitted fabric, natural fiber fabrics, rayon blended fabric, or various fabrics, which is preferably a woven or natural fibers.

[0015] 步骤1)所述织物的厚度为0. 15〜1. 0mm,其优选0. 25〜0. 80mm。 [0015] Step 1) the thickness of the fabric is 0. 15~1. 0mm, preferably 0. 25~0. 80mm.

[0016] 所述的预烘处理包括采用热风烘箱预烘,使织物布面的温度达到50〜18(TC,其 [0016] The pre-bake treatment including the use of hot-air oven pre-bake, the temperature of the fabric cloth reaches 50~18 (TC, which

优选80〜130°C。 Preferably 80~130 ° C.

[0017] 本发明所述的整理液是任何具有要求性能特征的整理剂都可以使用,其包括但不限于拒水拒油整理液、树脂整理液、抗紫外整理液、表面丝光化或抗皱整理液中的一种或其两种以上整理液的混合。 [0017] The finishing agent of the present invention having the desired performance characteristics of any finishing agent may be used, including but not limited to liquid water and oil repellent finishing, a resin finishing agent, ultraviolet finishing liquor, or wrinkle finish surface mercerized one or a mixture of two or more liquid finishing liquid. 有时为了织物单面达到多重性能,例如既要具有拒水拒油特性还具有抗紫外特性时,可以将拒水拒油整理液与抗紫外整理液混合后喷到织物表面,在两种以上整理液进行使用时,确保这两种整理液不发生任何化学反应,且相互不影响其各自的性能。 Sometimes, in order to achieve multi-sided fabric properties, for example, when it is necessary to have a water and oil repellent properties having a UV further characteristic, it may be water- and oil finishing after finishing solution was mixed with the ultraviolet sprayed to the fabric surface, two or more finishing when liquid is used, both to ensure that any finishing agent does not react chemically, independently of each other and relative to their respective performance.

[0018] 所述的整理液的浓度为20〜200g/L。 The concentration of the finishing solution [0018] was 20~200g / L.

[0019] 所述的整理液给液量为1%〜50%,其优选10%〜30%。 Finishing solution [0019] according to the liquid amount of 1% ~ 50%, preferably 10% ~ 30%.

[0020] 所述的给液量是指对织物上施加的整理液重量与织物重量的比值。 [0020] The amount refers to liquid ratio of the weight of finishing agent applied to the fabric weight fabrics.

[0021] 相对于浸渍或浸扎方法对织物进行整理的工艺而言,本发明的织物经过了预烘处 [0021] For the process with respect to the rolling method of dipping or finishing the fabric, the fabric of the invention through the prebaked

理,织物表面温度较高,再对织物表面通过喷雾的方式施加雾状整理液,所加的液量较少, Li, the higher the surface temperature of the fabric, and then finishing the liquid mist is applied to the fabric surface by spraying manner, less amount of fluid added,

当整理液接触到织物表面后来不及向另一面渗透即可基本干燥,后续的烘干、焙烘工艺能 When finishing the fabric surface in contact with the liquid to substantially dry time to penetrate into the other surface, the subsequent drying, curing process can

使整理剂牢牢附着在织物表面。 Finishing agent so firmly attached to the surface of the fabric. 同时,由于织物有一定温度,而且给液量较低,带液量仅为 Meanwhile, since the web has a certain temperature, and a low liquid volume, with only an amount of liquid

常规浸轧方法的10〜50%,蒸发整理液中多余水分所需的热量大大减小,织物经过热区 10~50% of the conventional padding methods, the heat required for evaporation of liquid finishing excess water is greatly reduced, the fabric through a hot zone

受热的时间可相应縮短,布速可以大幅提高,布速可提至常规浸轧方法的2〜5倍,可达到 The heating time can be shortened, can significantly improve the fabric speed, fabric speed may be raised to 2 ~ 5 times that of conventional dip rolling method can be achieved

30〜200m/min,生产效率相应提高。 30~200m / min, a corresponding increase in productivity.

[0022] 所述的拒水拒油整理液包括有机氟类整理剂,所述的有机氟整理剂的浓度为20〜200g/L,其优选30〜150g/L ;pH为4. 0〜6. 5。 [0022] The water- and oil-repellent finishing liquor comprising an organic fluorine-based finishing agent, the concentration of the organic fluoro-finishing agent is 20~200g / L, preferably 30~150g / L; pH is 4. 0~6 5. [0023] 所述的有机氟类包括但不限于聚四氟乙烯等烷烃树脂、聚五氟丙基乙烯乙酸酯等 [0023] The organic fluorine include but are not limited to alkane resins such as polytetrafluoroethylene, polyethylene pentafluoropropyl vinyl acetate

氟乙烯乙酸酯树脂、聚十五氟酰基丙烯酸酯等氟丙烯酸树脂。 Fluoro-vinyl acetate resin, a poly acrylate, fifteen fluorine-acyl-fluoro-acrylic resin.

[0024] 所述整理液的pH可以用适当的醋酸调节。 [0024] pH of the finishing solution can be adjusted with an appropriate acid.

[0025] 所述的树脂整理液包括二羟甲基二羟基乙烯脲树脂、水性丙烯酸树脂或水性聚氨酯树脂等等。 [0025] The resin finishing liquor comprising dimethylol dihydroxy ethylene urea resin, aqueous acrylic resin or aqueous polyurethane resins and the like.

[0026] 所述的树脂整理液的浓度为50〜200g/L。 [0026] The concentration of the resin solution was finishing 50~200g / L.

[0027] 在上述树脂整理液中还可以含有柔软剂0〜50g/L、催化剂0〜50g/L和/或渗透剂0〜10g/L ;其优选柔软剂0〜30g/L,催化剂1〜30g/L,渗透剂1〜10g/L。 [0027] In the resin finishing liquors may further contain softener 0~50g / L, the catalyst 0~50g / L and / or penetrant 0~10g / L; preferably softener 0~30g / L, catalyst 1 ~ 30g / L, penetrants 1~10g / L. [0028] 所述的柔软剂包括:脂肪酸衍生物柔软剂和/或有机硅类柔软剂等。 Softener [0028] comprises: a fatty acid derivative softener and / or silicone-based softener. [0029] 所述的催化剂包括:氯化镁、氟硼酸钠和/或硝酸铵等。 [0029] said catalyst comprises: magnesium chloride, sodium fluoroborate and / or ammonium nitrate. [0030] 所述的渗透剂包括:脂肪醇聚氧乙烯醚(JFC)。 Penetrant [0030] comprises: polyoxyethylene fatty alcohol ethers (JFC).

[0031] 步骤2)所述的喷雾方式施加整理液时,整理液的雾滴直径小于25 ii m。 When [0031] Step 2) applying said finishing liquid spray system, the liquid droplet diameter smaller than the finishing 25 ii m.

[0032] 本发明对预烘处理后的织物表面采用喷雾的方式给液,并且雾滴的直径比较小, [0032] The present invention uses a spray manner the surface of the fabric to the pre-bake treatment liquid, and the diameter of the droplet is relatively small,

使得整理液能均匀的分布在织物单面上,使得达到所需求的性能,同时该整理液还不会渗 Such that the finishing liquor evenly distributed on one surface of the fabric, so that the performance to the demand, while the finishing liquor retentate will not

透到织物的另一面。 Through to the other side of the fabric.

[0033] 织物经喷雾施加整理液后进行烘干、焙烘过程。 [0033] The spray-drying fabric, applying a baking process after finishing solution. [0034] 所述的烘干采用红外烘干或热风烘干。 [0034] The drying or hot air drying using infrared drying.

[0035] 所述烘干时的温度为80〜13(TC,烘干的时间为20〜180s。 [0036] 所述的焙烘采用热风烘干。 [0035] The drying temperature is 80~13 (TC, drying time 20~180s. [0036] The curing of the hot air drying.

[0037] 所述焙烘时的温度为120〜20(TC,焙烘的时间为10〜200s。 [0037] The temperature during baking is 120~20 (TC, the baking time is 10~200s.

[0038] 与现有技术相比,本发明优点在于:本发明所采用的单面织物整理方法,其工艺流 [0038] Compared with the prior art, advantages of the present invention wherein: one side of the fabric finishing process employed in the present invention, which process stream

程简单,所用的整理液的量少,织物整理工艺的成本降低;将其喷雾到预烘过的织物单面 Simple process, less reduced, the cost of the finishing process finishing solution used; and sprayed to one surface of the fabric prebaked

上,能均匀的将整理液在织物的单面的给液,由于织物的厚度、预烘的温度,使得整理液不 On the finisher solution uniformly on one surface of the liquid to the fabric, since the thickness of the fabric, the pre-bake temperature, such that the liquid does not organize

会渗透到另一面,能实现单面性能的要求,同时在操作过程中,织物整理的布速加快,提高了生产效率;而且适合于开发具有单面整理效果,如单面拒水拒油效果的织物,或者还可以 It will penetrate to the other side, to achieve the performance requirements of single-sided, while during operation, the fabric finishing cloth quicker, improved production efficiency; and finishing one surface adapted to develop the effect, such as water and oil repellent effect sided fabric, or also

开发与传统双面整理风格不同的织物,例如单面树脂整理效果的织物,经单面树脂整理的织物不但具有树脂整理织物防縮、挺括、丰满的特点,还能使织物的一面仍然具有原有触感风格,而传统树脂整理织物其两面触感都和整理前有较大不同。 Different development and traditional style double-sided fabric finishing, such as resin finishing effect of one-sided fabric, the resin finishing one side of the fabric not only has the characteristics of shrink-proof resin finishing fabrics, crisp, plump, but also the fabric side still has the original style touch, and conventional resin finishing textile feel both sides thereof and before finishing are quite different.

具体实施方式 Detailed ways

[0039] 下面对本发明的织物单面整理方法进行详细描述,但本发明不限于这里所给的具 [0039] Next, one surface of the fabric finishing process of the present invention will be described in detail, but the present invention is not limited to the given tool

体实施方式。 According to the embodiment. [0040] 实施例1 [0040] Example 1

[0041] 纯棉斜纹织物的单面拒水拒油整理: [0041] one surface of cotton twill fabric water- and oil finishes:

[0042] —般有拒水拒油整理要求的织物多具有较好的亲水性,经过处理的纯棉织物就具有较好的亲水性,本纯棉单面拒水拒油织物的生产工艺流程如下:纯棉坯布一烧毛一煮练—漂白一(染色)一定型一预烘(加热布面至80〜13(TC)—单面喷拒水拒油整理剂一红外烘干一焙烘一成品。 [0042] - as water- and oil-repellent fabric plurality refresh request has good hydrophilicity, treated cotton fabric after it has good hydrophilicity, the water and oil repellent sided cotton fabric production process is as follows: a cotton fabric singeing a scouring - bleaching a (staining) a certain type of pre-drying (heating the fabric to 80~13 (TC) - single-sided spray water and oil repellent finishing agent an infrared drying a baking a finished product.

[0043] 1)在工艺流程中,从纯棉坯布一烧毛一煮练一漂白一(染色)一定型,这个过程为普通纯棉织物处理的常规工艺,经过该工艺流程处理的织物可以成为成品,也可以作为半成品继续进行后续的处理,本实施例中将其作为半成品,继续在后续对其进行单面拒水拒油整理; [0043] 1) in the process flow, a cotton fabric from a scouring a singeing a bleach (stain) certain type, the process for the general treatment of cotton fabric with conventional processes, the process flow through the treated fabric may be the finished product, may also be used as semi-finished product to continue subsequent processing, the present embodiment as in the embodiment semifinished, proceeds sided water and oil repellent finishing them afterwards;

[0044] 2)预烘(加热布面至80〜130°C )—单面喷拒水拒油整理剂一红外烘干一焙烘, 这个过程为本发明的单面拒水拒油整理工艺流程。 [0044] 2) prebaking (heating the cloth to 80~130 ° C) - sided spray water and oil repellent finishing agent an infrared drying a baked, the process of the present invention, one surface water and oil repellent finishing process Process.

[0045] 将定型后的半成品的厚度为0. 35mm,采用热风烘箱对织物进行预烘,使其温度达到12(TC,之后,在织物单面所喷拒水拒油整理剂,所述的整理剂为聚四氟乙烯,其浓度为100g/L,织物表面给液量为20%,根据计量泵流量和布速进行计算和控制。红外烘干温度为11(TC,时间40s,织物已基本干燥,然后再在热风烘箱内在温度为16(TC焙烘50s,即得成 [0045] The thickness of the semi-finished product after setting to 0. 35mm, the fabric was hot air oven pre-bake, to a temperature of 12 (TC, after the sprayed water and oil repellent sided fabric finishing agent, said finishing agent is polytetrafluoroethylene, a concentration of 100g / L, the surface of the fabric to 20% liquid volume, is calculated and controlled in accordance with a metering pump and flow velocity distribution. An infrared drying temperature 11 (TC, time 40s, basically fabric dried, and then a hot air oven at a temperature of 16 (TC baking 50s, i.e., to obtain

PR o PR o

[0046] 3)成品,为检验、巻装、包装过程。 [0046] 3) finished for testing, Volume loaded, the packaging process.

[0047] 经过该工艺处理的纯棉织物,其接触皮肤的一面具有纯棉织物优良的亲水性和触感,而对外的一面则具有拒水拒油的功能,相对于涂层、层压复合等整理,经过该工艺处理的织物具有更好的透气性。 [0047] After the cotton fabric treatment process, which skin-contacting side having excellent hydrophilicity and feel of cotton fabrics, while the external side of the water and oil repellent having a functionality with respect to the coating, laminated composite such as finishing, the fabric treatment process after having better permeability.

[0048] 其整理面的拒水效果按国家标准GB/T 4745-1997《纺织织物表面抗湿性测定沾水试验》进行评级,拒水效果达到5级;拒油效果按国家标准GB/T 19977-2005《纺织品拒油性抗碳氢化合物试验》进行评级,拒油效果达到6级。 [0048] The water repellent effect of the surface finishing its national standard GB / T 4745-1997 "woven fabric surface was measured wet moisture resistance test" rating, the water repellent effect to 5; oil-repellent effect by the national standard GB / T 19977 2005 "textile and oil-repellent anti-hydrocarbon test" rating, oil repellent effect reaches six. [0049] 实施例2 [0049] Example 2

[0050] 纯棉斜纹织物的单面拒水拒油整理:在单面拒水拒油整理之前的工序同实施例l,单面拒水拒油整理工艺流程操作如下: [0050] one surface of cotton twill fabric water- and oil finishes: water- and oil finishes Example l previous step in the same embodiment sided, single water and oil repellent finishing process operates as follows:

[0051] 将定型后的半成品的厚度为0. 25mm,采用热风烘箱对织物进行预烘,使其温度达到ll(TC,之后,在织物单面所喷拒水拒油整理剂,所述的整理剂为聚五氟丙基乙烯乙酸酯, 其浓度为200g/L,织物表面给液量为10%,根据计量泵流量和布速进行计算和控制。再在热风烘箱内温度为IO(TC烘干时间为70s,织物已基本干燥,然后再在17(TC焙烘30s,即得 [0051] The thickness of the semi-finished product after setting to 0. 25mm, the fabric was hot air oven prebaking temperature equal to ll (TC, then, one surface of the fabric in the spray water and oil repellent finishing agent, said finish pentafluoropropyl poly vinyl acetate, a concentration of 200g / L, the surface of the fabric to 10% liquid volume, is calculated and controlled in accordance with a metering pump and flow velocity distribution again to a temperature in a hot air oven to IO (TC drying time was 70s, the fabric is substantially dry, and then at 17 (TC baking 30s, to obtain

成品o Finished o

[0052] 成品,为检验、巻装、包装过程。 [0052] The finished product for testing, Volume loaded, the packaging process.

[0053] 其整理面的拒水效果按国家标准GB/T 4745-1997《纺织织物表面抗湿性测定沾水试验》进行评级,拒水效果达到5级;拒油效果按国家标准GB/T 19977-2005《纺织品拒油性抗碳氢化合物试验》进行评级,拒油效果达到6级。 [0053] The water repellent effect of the surface finishing its national standard GB / T 4745-1997 "woven fabric surface was measured wet moisture resistance test" rating, the water repellent effect to 5; oil-repellent effect by the national standard GB / T 19977 2005 "textile and oil-repellent anti-hydrocarbon test" rating, oil repellent effect reaches six. [0054] 实施例3 [0054] Example 3

[0055] 纯棉斜纹织物的单面拒水拒油整理:在单面拒水拒油整理之前的工序同实施例l,单面拒水拒油整理工艺流程操作如下: [0055] one surface of cotton twill fabric water- and oil finishes: water- and oil finishes Example l previous step in the same embodiment sided, single water and oil repellent finishing process operates as follows:

[0056] 将定型后的半成品的厚度为0. 6mm,采用热风烘箱对织物进行预烘,使其温度达到13(TC,之后,在织物单面所喷拒水拒油整理剂,所述的整理剂为聚五氟丙基乙烯乙酸酯,其浓度为164g/L,织物表面给液量为30X,根据计量泵流量和布速进行计算和控制。再在热风烘箱内温度为9(TC烘干时间为150s,织物已基本干燥,然后再在14(TC焙烘30s,即得成 [0056] The thickness of the semi-finished product after setting to 0. 6mm, the fabric was hot air oven pre-bake, to a temperature of 13 (TC, after the sprayed water and oil repellent sided fabric finishing agent, said finish pentafluoropropyl poly vinyl acetate, a concentration of 164g / L, an amount of liquid to the textile surface 30X, calculation and control in accordance with a metering pump and flow velocity distribution. again in a hot air oven at a temperature of 9 (TC bake dry time is 150s, the fabric is substantially dry, and then at 14 (TC baking 30s, i.e., to obtain

PR o PR o

[0057] 成品,为检验、巻装、包装过程。 [0057] The finished product for testing, Volume loaded, the packaging process.

[0058] 其整理面的拒水效果按国家标准GB/T 4745-1997《纺织织物表面抗湿性测定沾水试验》进行评级,拒水效果达到5级;拒油效果按国家标准GB/T 19977-2005《纺织品拒油性抗碳氢化合物试验》进行评级,拒油效果达到6级。 [0058] The water repellent effect of the surface finishing its national standard GB / T 4745-1997 "woven fabric surface was measured wet moisture resistance test" rating, the water repellent effect to 5; oil-repellent effect by the national standard GB / T 19977 2005 "textile and oil-repellent anti-hydrocarbon test" rating, oil repellent effect reaches six. [0059] 实施例4 [0059] Example 4

[0060] 涤棉短纤珠地织物的单面拒水拒油整理 [0060] one surface of polyester spun fabric beads water- and oil finishes

[0061 ] 将经过染色的32s 50/50涤棉短纤珠地织物进行拒水拒油整理,工艺如下: [0062] 预烘一单面喷拒水拒油整理剂一红外烘干一焙烘一成品 [0061] A cotton spun through 32s 50/50 beads dyed fabric is water and oil repellent finishing process is as follows: [0062] a prebaking sided spray water and oil repellent finishing agent an infrared drying a curing a finished product

[0063] 将定型后的半成品的厚度为0.4mm,采用热风烘箱对织物进行预烘,使其温度达 [0063] The semi-finished product thickness after shaping is 0.4mm, the fabric was hot air oven pre-baked to a temperature of

到12(TC,之后,在织物单面所喷拒水拒油整理剂,所述的整理剂为聚十五氟酰基丙烯酸酯, To 12 (TC, after the sprayed water and oil repellent sided fabric finishing agent, said finishing agent is fluorine fifteen poly acrylate group,

其浓度为150g/L,织物表面给液量为30%,根据计量泵流量和布速进行计算和控制。 A concentration of 150g / L, the surface of the fabric to 30% liquid volume, is calculated and controlled in accordance with a metering pump and flow velocity distribution. 再在 Again in

红外烘干区温度为IO(TC烘干时间为90s,织物已基本干燥,然后再在热风烘箱在温度为 Infrared drying zone temperature IO (TC drying time is 90s, the fabric is substantially dry, and then a hot air oven at a temperature of

16(TC焙烘40s,即得成品。 16 (TC baking 40s, derived products.

[0064] 成品,为检验、巻装、包装过程。 [0064] The finished product for testing, Volume loaded, the packaging process.

[0065] 其整理面的拒水效果按国家标准GB/T 4745-1997《纺织织物表面抗湿性测定沾水试验》进行评级,拒水效果达到5级;拒油效果按国家标准GB/T 19977-2005《纺织品拒油性抗碳氢化合物试验》进行评级,拒油效果达到6级。 [0065] The water repellent effect of the surface finishing its national standard GB / T 4745-1997 "woven fabric surface was measured wet moisture resistance test" rating, the water repellent effect to 5; oil-repellent effect by the national standard GB / T 19977 2005 "textile and oil-repellent anti-hydrocarbon test" rating, oil repellent effect reaches six. [0066] 实施例5 [0066] Example 5

[0067] 纯棉斜纹织物的单面树脂整理 [0067] Cotton twill resin finishing one side

[0068] 将经过染色的32s纯棉斜纹织物进行单面树脂整理,工艺如下: [0069] 预烘一单面喷树脂整理剂一红外烘干一焙烘一成品 [0068] The one-side resin finishing, the process follows after 32s cotton twill fabric dyed: [0069] a pre-bake finishing agent a resin sided spray drying an infrared curing a finished

[0070] 将定型后的半成品的厚度为0. 25mm,采用热风烘箱对织物进行预烘,使其温度达到9(TC,之后,在织物单面所喷二羟甲基二羟基乙烯脲(2D)树脂整理剂,在所述的整理剂中加入有机硅类柔软剂、氯化镁以及JFC,其中在该树脂整理剂中2D的浓度为150g/L、有机硅类柔软剂的浓度为15g/L、氯化镁的浓度为8g/L、 JFC的浓度为2g/L,织物表面给液量为30%,根据计量泵流量和布速进行计算和控制。再在红外烘干区温度为IO(TC烘干时间为90s,织物已基本干燥,然后再在热风烘箱在温度为16(TC焙烘60s,即得成品。 [0071] 成品,为检验、巻装、包装过程。 [0070] The thickness of the semi-finished product after setting to 0. 25mm, the fabric was hot air oven prebaking temperature equal to 9 (TC, then, dimethylol dihydroxy ethylene urea in the discharge-sided fabric (2D ) resin finishing agent, added at the finish of the silicone-based softener, as well as the JFC magnesium chloride, wherein the concentration of the resin finishing agent 2D was 150g / L, a concentration of silicone-based softener was 15g / L, magnesium chloride concentration of 8g / L, JFC concentration of 2g / L, the surface of the fabric to 30% liquid volume, is calculated and controlled in accordance with a metering pump and flow velocity distribution again to a temperature of the infrared drying zone IO (TC drying time to 90s, the fabric is substantially dry, and then a hot air oven at a temperature of 16 (TC baking 60s, that is finished. [0071] the finished product for testing, Volume loaded, the packaging process.

[0072] 经该工艺整理的织物产品手感挺括、丰满,具有防縮防皱的功能,而且两面触感不同,一面为纯棉织物本身的触感,另一面为经树脂整理的触感,和传统树脂整理织物有很大不同。 [0072] by the product of the finishing process of the fabric feel stiff, plump, with shrink crease function, and different tactile sensation on both sides, one side of the touch cotton fabric itself, the other side is a resin-finishing touch, and conventional resin finishing the fabric with large differences.

[0073] 实施例6-9 : [0073] Example 6-9:

[0074] 实施例6-9是对纯棉斜纹织物进行单面拒水拒油整理的实施例,工艺流程其所用 [0074] Example 6-9 cotton twill fabric is water and oil repellent finish sided embodiment, the process by which they

的设备或整理液等如同实施1 ,不同的是工艺参数,具体数据如下。 Finishing equipment or the like as in Embodiment 1 was, except that the process parameters, the following specific data. [0075] [0075]

工艺参数 实施例6 实施例7 实施例8 实施例9 Example 98 Example 67 Example of process parameters embodiment

织物厚度(mm) 0. 15 0. 8 0. 48 1. 0 Fabric thickness (mm) 0. 15 0. 8 0. 48 1. 0

预烘温度(°C ) 180 50 150 80 Prebaking temperature (° C) 180 50 150 80

7<table>table see original document page 8</column></row> <table>[0076] 实施例6-9得到的织物产品其整理面的拒水效果按国家标准GB/T 4745_1997《纺织织物表面抗湿性测定沾水试验》进行评级,拒水效果达到5级;拒油效果按国家标准GB/ T 19977-2005《纺织品拒油性抗碳氢化合物试验》进行评级,拒油效果达到6级。 7 <table> table see original document page 8 </ column> </ row> <table> [0076] Examples 6-9 obtained water repellent effect of the surface finishing textile product according to its national standard GB / T 4745_1997 "woven fabric Determination of water on the surface moisture resistance test "rating, the water repellent effect to 5; oil-repellent effect by the national standard GB / T 19977-2005" Textiles anti hydrocarbon oil repellency test "rating, oil repellency effect to 6.

[0077] 为了使织物单面达到需要的性能,使用相应的整理剂,例如抗紫外整理液、表面丝光化或抗皱整理液,按照本发明的实施例1-5的操作方法可以得到具有相应性能的织物产品。 [0077] To one surface of the fabric to achieve the required performance using the appropriate finishing agent, e.g. UV finishing liquor, or wrinkle mercerized surface finishing liquor, following the procedures of Example 1-5 of the present invention can be obtained with the corresponding properties of fabric products. 本发明还对其他类型的织物,例如机织物、针织物,天然纤维织物、人造纤维织物或各种混纺织物进行单面整理,按照本发明实施例l-5操作方法进行,其织物产品均能达到相应的效果。 The present invention also to other types of fabrics, such as woven fabrics, knitted fabrics, natural fibers, rayon blended fabric, or various fabric finishing one side, for Examples l-5 operating method according to the embodiment of the present invention, the textile product which can to achieve the corresponding effect.

[0078] 本发明人将拒水拒油整理液、树脂整理液、抗紫外整理液、表面丝光化或抗皱整理液任意两种以上整理液混合,按照实施例1的操作方法进行整理,得到具有相应整理液性能的织物产品。 [0078] The present invention will be water and oil repellent finishing liquor, any two liquid resin finishing, UV finishing liquor, mercerized surface wrinkle or more finishing finishing liquor was mixed according to the finishing method of operation of Example 1 to give a respective fabric finishing liquid product performance.

Claims (10)

  1. 一种织物单面整理的方法,采用如下方法:1)将织物进行预烘处理;2)将整理液以喷雾的方式施加在预烘后的织物单面上;3)步骤2)得到的织物进行烘干、焙烘过程即得到织物成品。 A method of finishing one side of the fabric, by the following method: 1) The fabric was pre-bake process; 2) spray the finishing liquid is applied on the fabric of one-sided manner after prebaking; fabric 3) Step 2) to give the drying, baking process to obtain the finished fabric.
  2. 2. 根据权利要求1所述的方法,其特征在于,步骤1)所述织物的厚度为0. 15〜 1. OOmm,其优选0. 25〜0. 80mm。 2. The method according to claim 1, wherein the step 1) the thickness of the fabric is 0. 15~ 1. OOmm, preferably 0. 25~0. 80mm.
  3. 3. 根据权利要求1或2所述的方法,其特征在于,所述预烘处理为使织物的温度达到50〜180。 3. The method of claim 1 or claim 2, wherein the pre-bake treatment is that the fabric temperature reaches 50~180. C,其优选80〜130°C。 C, which is preferably 80~130 ° C.
  4. 4. 根据权利要求1-3任一项所述的方法,其特征在于,所述的整理液包括拒水拒油整理液、树脂整理液、抗紫外整理液、表面丝光化或抗皱整理液中的一种或其两种以上整理液的混合。 4. The method according to any one of claims 1-3, wherein the finishing liquor comprising water and oil repellent finishing liquor, liquid resin finishing, UV finishing liquor, or wrinkle mercerized surface finishing liquors one or a mixture of two or more finishing liquid.
  5. 5. 根据权利要求l-4任一项所述的方法,其特征在于,所述的整理液的给液量为1%〜 50% ,其优选10%〜30% ,所述的给液量是指施加到织物上整理液的重量和织物重量的比值。 5. A method according to any one of claims l-4 claims, wherein the amount of said finishing liquid to liquid is 1% to 50%, preferably 10% ~ 30%, according to the liquid amount It refers to the ratio of the weight of the fabric weight and fabric finishing agent is applied to.
  6. 6. 根据权利要求1或5所述的方法,其特征在于,所述的整理液的浓度为20〜200g/L。 The method according to claim 1 or claim 5, wherein the concentration of said finishing liquid is 20~200g / L.
  7. 7. 根据权利要求1所述的方法,其特征在于,所述的喷雾方式施加整理液时,整理液的雾滴直径小于25iim。 7. The method according to claim 1, wherein, when the liquid spray application of finishing manner, the liquid droplet diameter smaller than the finishing 25iim.
  8. 8. 根据权利要求1所述的方法,其特征在于,所述烘干时的温度为80-13(TC,烘干的时间为20〜180s。 8. The method according to claim 1, wherein, when the drying temperature is 80-13 (TC, drying time 20~180s.
  9. 9. 根据权利要求1所述的方法,其特征在于,所述焙烘时的温度为120-20(TC,焙烘的时间为10-200 s。 9. The method according to claim 1, wherein, when the baking temperature is 120-20 (TC, the baking time is 10-200 s.
  10. 10. 根据权利要求1所述的方法,其特征在于,所述织物包括机织物、针织物,天然纤维织物、人造纤维织物或各种混纺织物,其优选机织物或天然纤维织物。 10. The method according to claim 1, wherein said fabric comprises a woven fabric, a knitted fabric, natural fiber fabrics, rayon blended fabric, or various fabrics, which is preferably a woven or natural fibers.
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Cited By (15)

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CN101956327A (en) * 2010-09-20 2011-01-26 中国纺织工程学会;江苏大学;江苏箭鹿毛纺股份有限公司;山东沃源新型面料有限公司 Wool fabric with one-way moisture-transferring function
CN101962886A (en) * 2010-09-20 2011-02-02 中国纺织工程学会;江苏大学;山东沃源新型面料有限公司;湖南华升株洲雪松有限公司;青岛即发集团股份有限公司 Knitted fabric with single-direction moisture-transfer function
CN101962885A (en) * 2010-09-20 2011-02-02 中国纺织工程学会;江苏大学;山东沃源新型面料有限公司 Method for preparing product with one-way moisture-conducting function
CN102230279A (en) * 2011-05-11 2011-11-02 武汉纺织大学 Method for preparing single-side non-ironing textile
CN102330355A (en) * 2011-06-29 2012-01-25 深圳航天科技创新研究院 Fiber fabric composite energy absorbing material and preparation method thereof
CN103290699A (en) * 2013-05-10 2013-09-11 中华人民共和国南通出入境检验检疫局 Ultraviolet-prevention, moisture-absorption and quick-drying differentiation type finishing method of polyester fabric
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CN106400357A (en) * 2016-10-27 2017-02-15 南通中邦纺织有限公司 Production process of knitted sportswear fabric
CN106605021A (en) * 2014-09-02 2017-04-26 金恩淑 Method for preparing knitting yarn having water repellent function
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CN103290699A (en) * 2013-05-10 2013-09-11 中华人民共和国南通出入境检验检疫局 Ultraviolet-prevention, moisture-absorption and quick-drying differentiation type finishing method of polyester fabric
CN103290699B (en) * 2013-05-10 2015-01-07 中华人民共和国南通出入境检验检疫局 Ultraviolet-prevention, moisture-absorption and quick-drying differentiation type finishing method of polyester fabric
CN103741325A (en) * 2013-12-17 2014-04-23 江苏金太阳纺织科技有限公司 Manufacturing method for blended yarn weaved fabric resistant to fracture
CN104018339A (en) * 2014-05-19 2014-09-03 际华三五零九纺织有限公司 Crease-resistant finishing method for point-like crosslinked fabric based on spraying method
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CN106605021A (en) * 2014-09-02 2017-04-26 金恩淑 Method for preparing knitting yarn having water repellent function
CN104878591B (en) * 2015-06-12 2017-03-15 中原工学院 A super-finishing process hydrophobic, hydrophilic cotton fabric sided heterosexual
CN104878591A (en) * 2015-06-12 2015-09-02 中原工学院 Arranging method of super-hydrophobic and hydrophilic double-faced heterologous cotton fabric
CN105568697A (en) * 2016-02-22 2016-05-11 源兴纺织(深圳)有限公司 White four-proofing fabric production technology
CN105568592A (en) * 2016-02-22 2016-05-11 源兴纺织(深圳)有限公司 Manufacturing method for plain cotton fabric
CN106400357A (en) * 2016-10-27 2017-02-15 南通中邦纺织有限公司 Production process of knitted sportswear fabric
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