CN101748006B - Grease dirt cleaning agent for bituminous pavement and preparation method - Google Patents

Grease dirt cleaning agent for bituminous pavement and preparation method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101748006B
CN101748006B CN2010100172226A CN201010017222A CN101748006B CN 101748006 B CN101748006 B CN 101748006B CN 2010100172226 A CN2010100172226 A CN 2010100172226A CN 201010017222 A CN201010017222 A CN 201010017222A CN 101748006 B CN101748006 B CN 101748006B
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parts
speed
cleaning agent
bituminous pavement
dirt cleaning
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CN2010100172226A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN101748006A (en
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于新
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河海大学
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Abstract

The invention relates to a grease dirt cleaning agent for bituminous pavement and a preparation method, and the grease dirt cleaning agent is prepared by the following steps: stirring and emulsifying sodium dodecylsulphonate (SDS) and alpha-olefin sulfonate (AOS) to prepare non-ionic surfactant mixed latex; stirring and emulsifying alkyl polyglucoside (APGS) and fatty alcohol-polyoxyethlene ether (FAPE) to prepare anionic surfactant mixed latex; mixing the non-ionic surfactant mixed latex with the anionic surfactant mixed latex; and adding ethanol and deionized water, stirring and emulsifying, and cooling to obtain the product. The grease dirt cleaning agent for bituminous pavement in the invention has the advantages of strong dirt-removing power, low production cost and convenient usage, and is easy to dissolve in water; all components thereof can be completely in biodegradation; and the used waste water can be discharged directly without toxicity and pollution on environment.

Description

A kind of grease dirt cleaning agent for bituminous pavement and preparation method
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of grease dirt cleaning agent for bituminous pavement and preparation method, particularly relate to a kind of grease dirt cleaning agent for bituminous pavement and preparation method who is rich in multiple degradable tensio-active agent.
Background technology
Along with the high speed development of domestic high-grade highway, transport by road proportion in national economy is increasing, and the lorry of road running is more and more.Because China's automobile mechanical manufacture level is started late untimely with the lorry maintaining, domestic lorry vehicle condition generally is not that fine, leakage of oil incident happens occasionally, and for arterial highway and freeway toll station, this situation is particularly general.In addition, in the expressway construction process, construction machinery and road vehicle also can often cause the contaminated by diesel oil on road surface.
Bituminous pavement is the road surface form that high grade highway pavement adopts usually, and research road surface oil (is example with diesel oil) and bituminous chemical constitution are visible, and the two structure has very big similarity; According to " the similar principle that mixes ", the greasy dirt on road surface, especially saturated branch, fragrance divide content than higher greasy dirt; Because boiling point is higher relatively; Not volatile, viscosity is little, and bituminous cements is shown very high solvency power and seepage force.This effect can cause a series of disadvantageous effects to bituminous pavement.At first.Road surface oil directly influences pitch and the adhesivity of gathering materials to bituminous infiltration and swelling action, causes ravelling, causes the road surface oil place that diseases such as swag take place; Greasy dirt is formed the pitch that the bituminous swelling action also can influence road crust, shows that tar middle oil divides content to increase, and softening temperature reduces, and penetration degree increases, and causes the high-temperature stability of road crust to reduce, and is prone to produce diseases such as rut.In addition, because the increase of asphalt component and diminishing of viscosity, under the situation of big voidage; The influence of gravitate; Thereby asphalt component will cause segregation to the migration of compound lower floor, cause the road surfaces bituminous cements that the bonding force that gathers materials is reduced, and cause ravelling; If the road surface voidage is less, pitch oozes under being difficult for, and then possibly produce the phenomenon of surface " bellding ", makes the frictional coefficient on road surface reduce significantly, has a strong impact on traffic safety.
Behind the bituminous pavement generation oil pollution, how handling to eliminate oil pollution to the bituminous pavement disadvantageous effect, is the technical barrier that always perplexs road engineering circle; Someone attempts adopting emulsified bitumen to spray polluting the road surface; But almost do not have effect, nowadays unique solution route is excavated to change to the contaminated by diesel oil place exactly and is filled out, and not only cost is high, quality is wayward for this; And having influenced the use on road surface, social influence is also bigger.
Summary of the invention
In order to solve the problems referred to above that prior art exists, the purpose of this invention is to provide a kind of grease dirt cleaning agent that is specifically designed to bituminous pavement, this product soil removability is strong, and production cost is low, easy to use and the equal ability of all compositions complete biodegradable is free from environmental pollution.
Another object of the present invention provides a kind of preparation method of above-mentioned grease dirt cleaning agent for bituminous pavement.
The objective of the invention is to realize like this: a kind of grease dirt cleaning agent for bituminous pavement, form for 55~65 parts by 10~15 parts of nonionogenic tensides, 15~20 parts of ASs, 10 parts of ethanol, deionized water in weight fraction.
Said nonionogenic tenside is that sodium laurylsulfonate and sulfonated form according to 3: 2 stirring and emulsifying of weight ratio.
Said AS is that alkyl poly glucoside and AEO form according to 1: 1 stirring and emulsifying of weight ratio.
The preparation method of a kind of grease dirt cleaning agent for bituminous pavement provided by the invention, this method may further comprise the steps composition:
(1) sodium laurylsulfonate and sulfonated being mixed according to weight ratio at 3: 2, is speed homogenizing emulsifying 3~5min of 60~80r/min according to stirring velocity; Afterwards, the speed high speed shear emulsification 5~10min according to 2000~2500r/min makes the nonionogenic tenside mixed emulsion;
(2) be mixing in 1: 1 with alkyl poly glucoside and AEO according to part by weight, homogenizing emulsifying 3~5min under the stirring velocity of 60~80r/min; Afterwards, at speed high speed shear emulsification 5~10min of 2000~2500r/min, make the AS mixed emulsion again;
(3) be (10~15) with nonionogenic tenside mixed emulsion, anion surface activity mixed emulsion, ethanol and deionized water according to part by weight: (15~20): 10: mix (55~65); And mixed solution is heated to 50 ℃~60 ℃; According to speed high speed shear emulsification 20~25min of 2000~2500r/min, the faint yellow emulsion that cooling obtains is bituminous pavement special oily soil sanitising agent.
Beneficial effect of the present invention is:
The grease dirt cleaning agent for bituminous pavement that the present invention relates to is the mixture of kinds of surface promoting agent; Has extremely strong ability of cleaning greasy dirt; Can remove the greasy dirt on bituminous pavement surface rapidly; The bituminous pavement surface by oil pollution after, can remove clean in 3~5 minutes behind the grease dirt cleaning agent for bituminous pavement that spraying invention relates to.In addition; The product that the present invention relates to is easy to use; These article are water-soluble by 1: 10~1: 20, be sprayed onto the scavenging solution for preparing equably on the road surface that needs to clean with pneumatic spray gun, power washer or road cleaning Vehicle, wait to soak into after 3~5 minutes to rinse well and get final product with water blast gun.If do not have water blast gun, also available big hairbrush or besom are scrubbed, and treat the disengaging of scrubbing grease, dirt or get loose behind the road surface, totally to get final product with flushing with clean water again.The grease dirt cleaning agent for bituminous pavement that the present invention relates to is soluble in water, and the equal fully biodegradable of material therefor uses back sewage directly to discharge, and is nontoxic, pollution-free, environmentally friendly.
Greasy dirt at first is softening surface to the influence of bituminous pavement; In order to estimate the result of use of these article; Select asphalt type SMA13 and AK13 commonly used on the domestic motorway for use, respectively the situation that contaminated by diesel oil and no contaminated by diesel oil are arranged has been carried out asphalt uniaxial compressive strength test and wheel tracking test.
(1) asphalt uniaxial compressive strength test sample dimensions is Φ 150 * 100, adopts the gyratory compaction moulding, and the design voidage adopts 6%.Test specimen is divided into 5 groups, every group of 6 test specimens.Behind first group of specimen molding, no greasy dirt is handled; Behind second group of specimen molding, surfaces coated 10ml diesel oil; Behind the 3rd group of specimen molding, surfaces coated 10ml diesel oil after 1 hour, adopts these article to remove at interval; Surfaces coated 10ml diesel oil behind the 4th group of specimen molding after 2 hours, adopts these article to remove at interval; Surfaces coated 10ml diesel oil behind the 5th group of specimen molding after 3 hours, adopts these article to remove at interval.Table 1 is a comparison of test results under the different condition.
These article of table 1 use compound uniaxial compressive strength test result (20 ℃, Mpa)
(2) test temperature of asphalt mixture in track test is 60 ℃, and wheel load is 0.7Mpa.Test specimen is divided into five groups, every group of 3 blocks of rut plates.Behind first group of specimen molding, no greasy dirt is handled; Behind second group of specimen molding, surfaces coated 10ml diesel oil; Behind the 3rd group of specimen molding, surfaces coated 10ml diesel oil after 1 hour, adopts these article to remove at interval; Surfaces coated 10ml diesel oil behind the 4th group of specimen molding after 2 hours, adopts these article to remove at interval; Surfaces coated 10ml diesel oil behind the 5th group of specimen molding after 3 hours, adopts these article to remove at interval.Table 2 is asphalt mixture in track test result contrasts under the different condition.
Asphalt mixture in track test result under the table 2 different tests condition (dynamic stability, inferior/mm)
Test-results shows that greasy dirt (diesel oil) has tangible ramollescence to asphalt, adopt the road surface that these article remove to pollute after; Can obviously reduce the bating effect of greasy dirt road pavement, in addition, behind the oil pollution bituminous pavement; More early use these article to remove, it is obvious more to improve effect.
Embodiment
Through the mode of embodiment, technical scheme of the present invention is elaborated below, but protection scope of the present invention is not limited to said embodiment.
Embodiment 1
A kind of grease dirt cleaning agent for bituminous pavement is characterized in that: be made up of for 65 parts 10 parts of nonionogenic tensides, 15 parts of ASs, 10 parts of ethanol, deionized water in weight fraction.
Said nonionogenic tenside is that 6 parts of sodium laurylsulfonates and 4 parts of stirring and emulsifying of sulfonated form.
Said AS is that 7.5 parts of alkyl poly glucosides and 7.5 parts of stirring and emulsifying of AEO form.
A kind of preparation method of grease dirt cleaning agent for bituminous pavement, this method may further comprise the steps:
(1) with 6 parts of sodium laurylsulfonates and 4 parts of mixing of sulfonated, be the speed homogenizing emulsifying 3min of 60r/min according to stirring velocity; Afterwards, the speed high speed shear emulsification 5min according to 2500r/min makes 10 parts of nonionogenic tenside mixed emulsions;
(2) with 7.5 parts of alkyl poly glucosides and 7.5 parts of mixing of AEO, homogenizing emulsifying 3min under the stirring velocity of 60r/min; Afterwards, at the speed high speed shear emulsification 5min of 2500r/min, make 15 parts of AS mixed emulsions again;
(3) with 10 parts of nonionogenic tenside mixed emulsions, 15 parts of anion surface activity mixed emulsions, 10 parts of ethanol and 65 parts of mixing of deionized water; And mixed solution is heated to 50 ℃; According to the speed high speed shear emulsification 20min of 2500r/min, the faint yellow emulsion that obtains after the cooling is bituminous pavement special oily soil sanitising agent.
Embodiment 2
A kind of grease dirt cleaning agent for bituminous pavement is characterized in that: be made up of for 55 parts 15 parts of nonionogenic tensides, 20 parts of ASs, 10 parts of ethanol, deionized water in weight fraction.
Said nonionogenic tenside is that 9 parts of sodium laurylsulfonates and 6 parts of stirring and emulsifying of sulfonated form.
Said AS is that 10 parts of alkyl poly glucosides and 10 parts of stirring and emulsifying of AEO form.
A kind of preparation method of grease dirt cleaning agent for bituminous pavement, this method may further comprise the steps:
(1) with 9 parts of sodium laurylsulfonates and 6 parts of mixing of sulfonated, be the speed homogenizing emulsifying 5min of 80r/min according to stirring velocity; Afterwards, the speed high speed shear emulsification 10min according to 2500r/min makes 15 parts of nonionogenic tenside mixed emulsions;
(2) with 10 parts of alkyl poly glucosides and 10 parts of mixing of AEO, homogenizing emulsifying 5min under the stirring velocity of 80r/min; Afterwards, at the speed high speed shear emulsification 10min of 2500r/min, make 20 parts of AS mixed emulsions again;
(3) with 15 parts of nonionogenic tenside mixed emulsions, 20 parts of anion surface activity mixed emulsions, 10 parts of ethanol and 55 parts of mixing of deionized water; And mixed solution is heated to 60 ℃; According to the speed high speed shear emulsification 25min of 2500r/min, the faint yellow emulsion that obtains after the cooling is bituminous pavement special oily soil sanitising agent.
Embodiment 3
A kind of grease dirt cleaning agent for bituminous pavement is characterized in that: be made up of for 55 parts 10 parts of nonionogenic tensides, 20 parts of ASs, 10 parts of ethanol, deionized water in weight fraction.
Said nonionogenic tenside is that 6 parts of sodium laurylsulfonates and 4 parts of stirring and emulsifying of sulfonated form.
Said AS is that 10 parts of alkyl poly glucosides and 10 parts of stirring and emulsifying of AEO form.
A kind of preparation method of grease dirt cleaning agent for bituminous pavement, this method may further comprise the steps:
(1) with 6 parts of sodium laurylsulfonates and 4 parts of mixing of sulfonated, be the speed homogenizing emulsifying 4min of 70r/min according to stirring velocity; Afterwards, the speed high speed shear emulsification 8min according to 2500r/min makes 10 parts of nonionogenic tenside mixed emulsions;
(2) with 10 parts of alkyl poly glucosides and 10 parts of mixing of AEO, homogenizing emulsifying 4min under the stirring velocity of 70r/min; Afterwards, at the speed high speed shear emulsification 8min of 2500r/min, make 20 parts of AS mixed emulsions again;
(3) with 10 parts of nonionogenic tenside mixed emulsions, 20 parts of anion surface activity mixed emulsions, 10 parts of ethanol and 55 parts of mixing of deionized water; And mixed solution is heated to 55 ℃; According to the speed high speed shear emulsification 25min of 2200r/min, the faint yellow emulsion that obtains after the cooling is bituminous pavement special oily soil sanitising agent.
Embodiment 4
A kind of grease dirt cleaning agent for bituminous pavement is characterized in that: be made up of for 60 parts 15 parts of nonionogenic tensides, 15 parts of ASs, 10 parts of ethanol, deionized water in weight fraction.
Said nonionogenic tenside is that 9 parts of sodium laurylsulfonates and 6 parts of stirring and emulsifying of sulfonated form.
Said AS is that 7.5 parts of alkyl poly glucosides and 7.5 parts of stirring and emulsifying of AEO form.
A kind of preparation method of grease dirt cleaning agent for bituminous pavement, this method may further comprise the steps:
(1) with 9 parts of sodium laurylsulfonates and 6 parts of mixing of sulfonated, be the speed homogenizing emulsifying 4min of 70r/min according to stirring velocity; Afterwards, the speed high speed shear emulsification 5min according to 2500r/min makes 10 parts of nonionogenic tenside mixed emulsions;
(2) with 7.5 parts of alkyl poly glucosides and 7.5 parts of mixing of AEO, homogenizing emulsifying 5min under the stirring velocity of 80r/min; Afterwards, at the speed high speed shear emulsification 8min of 2500r/min, make 15 parts of AS mixed emulsions again;
(3) with 15 parts of nonionogenic tenside mixed emulsions, 15 parts of anion surface activity mixed emulsions, 10 parts of ethanol and 60 parts of mixing of deionized water; And mixed solution is heated to 60 ℃; According to the speed high speed shear emulsification 25min of 2000r/min, the faint yellow emulsion that obtains after the cooling is bituminous pavement special oily soil sanitising agent.

Claims (1)

1. grease dirt cleaning agent for bituminous pavement is characterized in that this sanitising agent is to be processed by following steps:
(1) sodium laurylsulfonate and sulfonated are mixed according to weight ratio at 3: 2; Be after speed homogenizing emulsifying 3~5min of 60~80r/min according to stirring velocity; Speed high speed shear emulsification 5~10min according to 2000~2500r/min makes the AS mixed emulsion;
(2) be mixing in 1: 1 with alkyl poly glucoside and AEO according to part by weight, homogenizing emulsifying 3~5min under the stirring velocity of 60~80r/min; Afterwards, at speed high speed shear emulsification 5~10min of 2000~2500r/min, make the nonionogenic tenside mixed emulsion again;
(3) be 10~15: 15~20 with AS mixed emulsion, nonionogenic tenside mixed emulsion, ethanol and deionized water according to part by weight: 10: 55~65 mix; And mixed solution is heated to 50 ℃~60 ℃; According to speed high speed shear emulsification 20~25min of 2000~2500r/min, cooling.
CN2010100172226A 2010-01-05 2010-01-05 Grease dirt cleaning agent for bituminous pavement and preparation method CN101748006B (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111088117A (en) * 2019-12-30 2020-05-01 吉林大学 Permeable asphalt pavement cleaning agent and preparation method thereof

Families Citing this family (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103421616A (en) * 2010-06-30 2013-12-04 杨红宇 Cleaning agent
CN103045401B (en) * 2013-01-19 2014-12-24 重庆新安洁景观园林环保股份有限公司 Water-base oil dirt cleaning agent and preparation method thereof
CN106929188A (en) * 2015-12-31 2017-07-07 朴莲花 Cleaning agent and its preparation method and application
CN106753843A (en) * 2016-12-16 2017-05-31 常州市鼎日环保科技有限公司 A kind of preparation method of environment-friendly type road surface oil cleaning agent
CN111335234A (en) * 2020-03-10 2020-06-26 中南林业科技大学 Method for restoring gaps of porous asphalt pavement

Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1250804A (en) * 1999-11-11 2000-04-19 上海家化联合股份有限公司 Detergent able to remove dirt of chewing gum from ground
CN1524939A (en) * 2003-09-15 2004-09-01 李伟光 Multifunctional scrubbing cleanser
CN101016500A (en) * 2007-02-05 2007-08-15 大连三达奥克化学有限公司 Water-based strong force degreaser

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1250804A (en) * 1999-11-11 2000-04-19 上海家化联合股份有限公司 Detergent able to remove dirt of chewing gum from ground
CN1524939A (en) * 2003-09-15 2004-09-01 李伟光 Multifunctional scrubbing cleanser
CN101016500A (en) * 2007-02-05 2007-08-15 大连三达奥克化学有限公司 Water-based strong force degreaser

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111088117A (en) * 2019-12-30 2020-05-01 吉林大学 Permeable asphalt pavement cleaning agent and preparation method thereof

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