CN101745633B - Aluminum liquid submerged slag conveyor and slag conveying method - Google Patents

Aluminum liquid submerged slag conveyor and slag conveying method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101745633B
CN101745633B CN2008102294377A CN200810229437A CN101745633B CN 101745633 B CN101745633 B CN 101745633B CN 2008102294377 A CN2008102294377 A CN 2008102294377A CN 200810229437 A CN200810229437 A CN 200810229437A CN 101745633 B CN101745633 B CN 101745633B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
aluminium liquid
slag
locomotive
piston rod
cylinder
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Application number
CN2008102294377A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN101745633A (en
Inventor
齐忠昱
方明勋
王林华
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沈阳铝镁设计研究院有限公司
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Priority to CN2008102294377A priority Critical patent/CN101745633B/en
Publication of CN101745633A publication Critical patent/CN101745633A/en
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Publication of CN101745633B publication Critical patent/CN101745633B/en

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Abstract

The invention discloses a submerged slag conveyor and a slag conveying method, in particular to a submerged conveyor and a slag conveying method used for casting large aluminium ingots.The aluminum liquid submerged slag conveyor is composed of the following structure: a machine frame is provided with an actuating device and a track, the track is internally provided with roller wheels which are arranged on a movable cart, the actuating device and the movable cart are fixed, the movable cart is connected with a movable frame on which a NO.2 cylinder is arranged, a NO.1 cylinder is fixed on the movable cart, a piston rod of the NO.1 cylinder is fixed at the lower part of the movable frame, the piston rod of the NO.2 cylinder is fixedly connected with a slag conveying plate.The invention has the following advantages and beneficial effects: the structure is simple, slag conveying effect is good, the cost is low, mechanical automation is realized, labor intensity is lowered and pollution to the environment is reduced.

Description

A kind of aluminium liquid dragveyer and drag for the slag method

Technical field

The present invention relates to a kind of dragveyer and drag for the slag method, relate in particular to a kind of aluminium liquid dragveyer when casting large aluminum ingot and drag for the slag method.

Background technology

Along with the aluminium industrial development is rapid, the little aluminium ingot about casting 20kg has not satisfied the requirement of producing, and aluminium ingot is approximately loss 0.4~0.5% in casting process, and the primary aluminum that promptly little aluminium ingot consumed will be higher than the consumption of large aluminum ingot.Little aluminium ingot needs packing when transportation, institute takes up space big, and cost strengthens, and it is imperative therefore to study the large aluminum ingot foundry production line.Aluminium ingot is in casting process, and owing to reasons such as alloying component, trace element, refining agent classification, cast drop and discharging flow, the aluminium slag appears at each processes such as aluminium liquid surface oxidation, oxide film breakdown, gauffer and the damage of reburning.The slag that drags for of aluminum current liquid mainly is that labour intensity is big by manually-operated, contaminated environment, and the casting of large aluminum ingot is if adopt the way of manually dragging for slag will be difficult to realize.

Summary of the invention

The present invention provides a kind of aluminium liquid dragveyer and drags for the slag method in order to solve the problems of the technologies described above, when its objective is the casting large aluminum ingot aluminium liquid aluminium slag is pulled out, to improve the quality of aluminium ingot.

For achieving the above object, the present invention is achieved in that a kind of slag method of dragging for of aluminium liquid dragveyer, comprises the steps: that the piston rod of No. 2 cylinders stretches out, and movable stand descends, dragging for slag plate also descends, when slag plate to be dragged for dropped to certain degree of depth on aluminium liquid surface, the piston rod of No. 2 cylinders stopped to stretch out, the reducing motor operation, the drive sprocket rotation, chain moves right the drive locomotive and moves right, and drags for slag plate and moves in aluminium liquid, and the slag that is suspended in aluminium liquid surface is pulled out; Reducing motor is out of service, the piston rod withdrawal of No. 2 cylinders, movable stand rises, drag for slag plate also along with rising, wait to rise and put in place, the piston rod of No. 2 cylinders stops withdrawal, the reducing motor reverse direction operation, and this moment, locomotive moved left, after operation puts in place, reducing motor is out of service, and the piston rod of No. 1 cylinder stretches out fast, and movable stand is around the rotation of the axle center of No. 2 bearings, movable stand hits on No. 3 bearings, sticking apply drag on the slag plate slag under the strong impact by vibrations under, the piston rod withdrawal of No. 1 cylinder, reposition.

A kind of aluminium liquid dragveyer, constitute by following structure: frame, frame is provided with transmission device, and frame is provided with track, be provided with roller in the track, roller is located on the locomotive, and transmission device and locomotive are fixed, and locomotive is connected with movable stand, on movable stand, be provided with cylinder No. 2, fix cylinder on locomotive No. 1, the piston rod of No. 1 cylinder is fixed on the bottom of movable stand, the piston rod of No. 2 cylinders with drag for slag plate and fixedly connected.

Described transmission device is made of following structure: be located at reducing motor on the frame, drive sprocket and by movable sprocket, the output shaft of reducing motor is connected with driving shaft, driving shaft is fixed in the bearing block, drive sprocket is located on the driving shaft, drive sprocket by chain be connected by movable sprocket, be located on the driven axle by movable sprocket, driven axle is located in the bearing block.

Described reducing motor is the structure that motor, decelerator and automation merge into a single whole.

Described drive sprocket and be respectively two by movable sprocket, chain is two.

Described chain is provided with chain connector.

Described chain connector and locomotive are hinged.

Described drive sprocket and be located at the two ends of frame by movable sprocket respectively.

One end of described No. 1 cylinder is hinged by No. 1 bearing and locomotive.

Described movable stand is hinged by No. 2 bearings and locomotive.

Described track is two, is provided with 2-5 roller in every track.

The below of described frame is provided with bearing No. 3.

Described No. 3 bearings are located at the end of frame.

The described slag plate bottom of dragging for has 12-20 hole.

The described slag plate that drags for is folding shape plate.

Advantage of the present invention and effect are as follows:

The present invention is simple in structure, it is effective, with low cost to drag for slag, realized mechanical automation, reduced working strength of workers and reduced pollution to environment.

Description of drawings

Fig. 1 is a structural representation of the present invention.

Fig. 2 is the plan structure schematic diagram of Fig. 1.

Fig. 3 is that the A of Fig. 1 is to the structural representation view.

Among the figure, 1, reducing motor; 2, frame; 3, chain; 4, drag for slag plate; 5, No. 1 bearing; 6, No. 1 cylinder; 7, No. 2 cylinders; 8, No. 2 bearings; 9, No. 3 bearings; 10, bearing block; 11, drive sprocket; 12, chain connector; 13, locomotive; 14, by movable sprocket; 15, movable stand; 16, track; 17, roller; 18, driving shaft; 19, driven axle.

The specific embodiment

Below the invention will be further described for the description by the specific embodiment, but protection scope of the present invention is not limit by embodiment.Those skilled in the art can make various modifications or improvement according to basic thought of the present invention, but only otherwise break away from basic thought of the present invention, all within the scope of the present invention.

As Figure 1-3, a kind of aluminium liquid of the present invention dragveyer, constitute by following structure: frame 2, frame 2 is provided with transmission device, frame 2 is provided with track 16, be provided with roller 17 in the track 16, track 16 is two, be provided with 2-5 roller 17 in every track 16, roller 17 is located on the locomotive 13, transmission device and locomotive 13 are fixing, locomotive 13 is connected with movable stand 15, movable stand 15 is hinged with locomotive 13 by No. 2 bearings 8, on movable stand 15, be provided with cylinder 7 No. 2, on locomotive 13, fix cylinder 6 No. 1, one end of No. 1 cylinder 6 is hinged with locomotive 13 by No. 1 bearing 5, the piston rod of No. 1 cylinder 6 is fixed on the bottom of movable stand 15, the piston rod of No. 2 cylinders 7 with drag for slag plate 4 and fixedly connected, drag for slag plate 4 bottoms and have 12-20 hole, drag for slag plate 4 tops and be located at bolt hole, its effect is to be convenient to change drag for slag plate, drag for slag plate 4 and be folding shape plate, its effect is the inboard splendid attire aluminium melt cinder matter of folding shape plate, and the back side is blocked on radiant heat transfer to 1 cylinder and No. 2 cylinders of No. 1 cylinder of aluminium liquid, the below of frame 2 is provided with the end that 9, No. 3 bearings 9 of No. 3 bearings are located at frame 2.

Wherein transmission device is made of following structure: be located at the reducing motor 1 on the frame 2, drive sprocket 11 and by movable sprocket 14, reducing motor 1 can rotate by positive and negative both direction, drag chain 3 move left and right, reducing motor 1 is with motor, decelerator and automation merge into a single whole and have reduced weight and volume, drive sprocket 11 is to be driven by reducing motor 1, by movable sprocket 14 is to be driven by chain 3, the output shaft of reducing motor 1 is connected with driving shaft 18, driving shaft 18 is fixed in the bearing block 10, drive sprocket 11 is located on the driving shaft 18, drive sprocket 11 by chain 3 be connected by movable sprocket 14, be located on the driven axle 19 by movable sprocket 14, driven axle 19 is located in the bearing block 10, drive sprocket 11 and be respectively two by movable sprocket 14, chain 3 is two, chain 3 is provided with chain connector 12, and chain connector 12 is hinged with locomotive 13, drive sprocket 11 and be located at the two ends of frame 2 by movable sprocket 14 respectively.

A kind of slag method of dragging for of aluminium liquid dragveyer, the piston rod that comprises the steps: No. 2 cylinders stretches out, and movable stand descends, and drags for slag plate and also descends, when slag plate to be dragged for drops to certain degree of depth on aluminium liquid surface, the piston rod of No. 2 cylinders stops to stretch out, reducing motor operation, drive sprocket rotation, chain moves right, chain connector drives locomotive and moves right, and drags for slag plate and moves in aluminium liquid, and the slag that is suspended in aluminium liquid surface is pulled out; Reducing motor is out of service, the piston rod withdrawal of No. 2 cylinders, movable stand rises, drag for slag plate also along with rising, wait to rise and put in place, the piston rod of No. 2 cylinders stops withdrawal, the reducing motor reverse direction operation, and this moment, locomotive moved left, after operation puts in place, reducing motor is out of service, and the piston rod of No. 1 cylinder stretches out fast, and movable stand is around the rotation of the axle center of No. 2 bearings, movable stand hits on No. 3 bearings, sticking apply drag on the slag plate slag under the strong impact by vibrations under, the piston rod withdrawal of No. 1 cylinder, reposition.

Claims (13)

1. the slag method of dragging for of an aluminium liquid dragveyer, it is characterized in that the piston rod that comprises the steps: No. 2 cylinders stretches out, movable stand descends, and drags for slag plate and also descends, when slag plate to be dragged for drops to certain degree of depth on aluminium liquid surface, the piston rod of No. 2 cylinders stops to stretch out, the reducing motor operation, the drive sprocket rotation, chain moves right the drive locomotive and moves right, drag for slag plate and in aluminium liquid, move, the slag that is suspended in aluminium liquid surface is pulled out; Reducing motor is out of service, the piston rod withdrawal of No. 2 cylinders, movable stand rises, drag for slag plate also along with rising, wait to rise and put in place, the piston rod of No. 2 cylinders stops withdrawal, the reducing motor reverse direction operation, and this moment, locomotive moved left, after operation puts in place, reducing motor is out of service, and the piston rod of No. 1 cylinder stretches out fast, and movable stand is around the rotation of the axle center of No. 2 bearings, movable stand hits on No. 3 bearings, sticking apply drag on the slag plate slag under the strong impact by vibrations under, the piston rod withdrawal of No. 1 cylinder, reposition.
2. aluminium liquid dragveyer, it is characterized in that constituting by following structure: frame, frame is provided with transmission device, and frame is provided with track, be provided with roller in the track, roller is located on the locomotive, and transmission device and locomotive are fixed, and locomotive is connected with movable stand, on movable stand, be provided with cylinder No. 2, fix cylinder on locomotive No. 1, the piston rod of No. 1 cylinder is fixed on the bottom of movable stand, the piston rod of No. 2 cylinders with drag for slag plate and fixedly connected; The below of described frame is provided with bearing No. 3.
3. aluminium liquid dragveyer according to claim 2, it is characterized in that described transmission device is made of following structure: be located at reducing motor on the frame, drive sprocket and by movable sprocket, the output shaft of reducing motor is connected with driving shaft, driving shaft is fixed in the bearing block, drive sprocket is located on the driving shaft, drive sprocket by chain be connected by movable sprocket, be located on the driven axle by movable sprocket, driven axle is located in the bearing block.
4. aluminium liquid dragveyer according to claim 3 is characterized in that described drive sprocket and is respectively two by movable sprocket that chain is two.
5. aluminium liquid dragveyer according to claim 3 is characterized in that described chain is provided with chain connector.
6. aluminium liquid dragveyer according to claim 5 is characterized in that described chain connector and locomotive are hinged.
7. aluminium liquid dragveyer according to claim 3 is characterized in that described drive sprocket and is located at the two ends of frame by movable sprocket respectively.
8. aluminium liquid dragveyer according to claim 2, an end that it is characterized in that described No. 1 cylinder is hinged by No. 1 bearing and locomotive.
9. aluminium liquid dragveyer according to claim 2 is characterized in that described movable stand is hinged by No. 2 bearings and locomotive.
10. aluminium liquid dragveyer according to claim 2 is characterized in that described track is two, is provided with 2-5 roller in every track.
11. aluminium liquid dragveyer according to claim 2 is characterized in that described No. 3 bearings are located at the end of frame.
12. aluminium liquid dragveyer according to claim 2 is characterized in that the described slag plate bottom of dragging for has 12-20 hole.
13., it is characterized in that the described slag plate that drags for is folding shape plate according to claim 2 or 12 described aluminium liquid dragveyers.
CN2008102294377A 2008-12-09 2008-12-09 Aluminum liquid submerged slag conveyor and slag conveying method CN101745633B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

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CN2008102294377A CN101745633B (en) 2008-12-09 2008-12-09 Aluminum liquid submerged slag conveyor and slag conveying method

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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CN101745633A CN101745633A (en) 2010-06-23
CN101745633B true CN101745633B (en) 2011-07-27

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Families Citing this family (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102069185B (en) * 2011-01-27 2012-12-19 北京机械工业自动化研究所 Automatic die flattening method and tool for metallurgical melt
CN102861911B (en) * 2012-09-18 2015-05-06 云南云铝润鑫铝业有限公司 Automatic slag remover of aluminum ingots
CN103851921B (en) * 2012-11-28 2016-01-13 沈阳铝镁设计研究院有限公司 A kind of pneumatic bucket for holding furnace
CN105195727B (en) * 2014-06-26 2017-12-19 沈阳铝镁设计研究院有限公司 A kind of control system and control method of aluminium liquid dragveyer
CN104923774B (en) * 2015-07-07 2017-03-22 云南云铝润鑫铝业有限公司 Automatic slag removal machine for ingot casting
CN108262472A (en) * 2017-01-03 2018-07-10 日轻商菱铝业(昆山)有限公司 A kind of automatic film-removing technology for aluminium alloy ingots surface film oxide
CN107377957A (en) * 2017-08-21 2017-11-24 烟台盛利达工程技术有限公司 Turn round slag cleaning device
CN108079654B (en) * 2017-12-29 2020-06-30 宁波高新区神台德机械设备有限公司 Impurity separation and cleaning device in aluminium liquid
CN110026547A (en) * 2018-05-27 2019-07-19 苏州铭阳智能科技有限公司 A kind of robot automatic collector of residue control method for ingot casting production line
CN110026549A (en) * 2018-05-27 2019-07-19 苏州铭阳智能科技有限公司 A kind of robot automatic collector of residue device for ingot casting production line

Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB2128520A (en) * 1982-09-07 1984-05-02 Outokumpu Oy A slag-scraping apparatus
CN2058115U (en) * 1989-09-21 1990-06-13 郭立友 Cinder crusher
CN1225300A (en) * 1998-07-22 1999-08-11 中南工业大学 Scraper for cleaning skimming

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB2128520A (en) * 1982-09-07 1984-05-02 Outokumpu Oy A slag-scraping apparatus
CN2058115U (en) * 1989-09-21 1990-06-13 郭立友 Cinder crusher
CN1225300A (en) * 1998-07-22 1999-08-11 中南工业大学 Scraper for cleaning skimming

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