CN101736818A - Novel ventilation air-conditioning ecologic building and construction method thereof - Google Patents

Novel ventilation air-conditioning ecologic building and construction method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101736818A
CN101736818A CN200810180672A CN200810180672A CN101736818A CN 101736818 A CN101736818 A CN 101736818A CN 200810180672 A CN200810180672 A CN 200810180672A CN 200810180672 A CN200810180672 A CN 200810180672A CN 101736818 A CN101736818 A CN 101736818A
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China
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air
insulation boards
composite insulation
exhaust
plate
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CN200810180672A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN101736818B (en
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冯刚克
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冯刚克
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Publication of CN101736818B publication Critical patent/CN101736818B/en

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Abstract

The invention relates to a novel ventilation air-conditioning ecologic building which is suitable for various industrial and civil buildings. The novel ventilation air-conditioning ecologic building is characterized by comprising an ecologic ventilation air-conditioning circulation system, a ventilation air-conditioning heat and sound insulating wall, a solar energy heated air-conditioning wall, a ventilation air-conditioning floor, and the like. By utilizing solar energy and wind energy power generation to provide natural and clean power for ventilation, when the outdoor fresh air and an underground gas in a basement, i.e., ground-source heat which is warm in winter and cool in summer, are collected by the ecologic ventilating circulation system, the hot air or cold air generated by the solar energy heated air-conditioning wall and the ventilation air-conditioning floor is also delivered into a room. In addition, the residual heat in the indoor air is discharged outside after being effectively utilized by the ventilation heat and sound insulating wall which can effectively utilize the residual heat in the indoor air and an ecologic exhaust system, thereby achieving the effect of adjusting the indoor air and temperature. The invention has the advantages of commercial assembly type construction, simple and convenient construction, high working efficiency, short construction period, low cost, energy saving, environmental protection, and the like.

Description

Novel ventilation air-conditioning ecologic building and job practices thereof
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of novel ventilation air-conditioning ecologic building, particularly a kind of environmental air conditioner circulating system, the air conditioner insulated sound-proof wall that can effectively utilize the waste heat in the indoor exhaust, solar heating air-conditioning wall and air conditioner ground.
Background technology
Having room air in the present building all is directly to discharge outdoorly, and the waste heat in the room air is not utilized and the true uncared-for problem of power consumption.Simultaneously, existing air-conditioning equipment is relatively power consumption also, and the feature of environmental protection is not good enough yet.Though existing solar heating air-conditioning wall is in the ascendant, cost is too high, exists market to be difficult to accept, restrict the problem of development.In addition, at present,, generally adopt and build, the floor heating coil pipe is cast in wet trade technology way in the bed course by concrete cushion though floor panel heating ground constructions such as ground source heat are popular.Yet it exists operation numerous and diverse, takes a lot of work, time-consuming, expense material, and labour intensity is big, water consumption is many, causes defective and problems such as dust pollution.And, in case also there is the problem of the obstruction of floor heating coil pipe or the maintenance difficult of breaking.Although the radiant heating floor that some fabricated ultra-thin dry method are mated formation also occurred now, all cost is high and exist and be difficult to the problem that large tracts of land is promoted.
Summary of the invention
The objective of the invention is existing patented technologies such as " novel ground radiation air-conditioning ground surface ", " novel ventilation air-conditioning room ", " environment-protection energy-saving ventilating air-conditioning sound-insulating novel building and job practices thereof " and solar heating air-conditioning wall the basis on further study, provide a kind of and utilizing fabricated new material of various batch production and processes such as the wall of excellent thermal insulation performance, floor and roof tile; Under the prerequisite of guaranteeing exterior wall, ground and roof heat insulation, provide the novel ventilation air-conditioning ecologic building of nature cleaning electric energy for ventilation by utilizing solar energy and wind power generation; Overcome the various weak points in the above-mentioned existing building, it is applicable to various industry and civilian construction, more is applicable to the building and the reducing energy consumption engineering thereof of various band basements.
Technical scheme of the present invention: partly constitute by the environmental air conditioner circulating system, the air conditioner insulated sound-proof wall that can effectively utilize the waste heat in the indoor exhaust, solar heating air-conditioning wall and air conditioner ground etc.; Utilizing various new materials such as the wall of excellent thermal insulation performance, floor and roof tile; Under the prerequisite of guaranteeing exterior wall, ground and roof heat insulation, by utilizing solar energy and wind power generation to provide nature cleaning electric energy for ventilation, by this ecotypic ventilation circulation system with the ground vapour cool in summer and warm in winter in outdoor new wind and the basement---the ground source heat collection also is transported in each room through breast skirt place air chimney by being installed in towards the air supply duct of southern side sunny side exterior wall (hot wall), will be installed in heating installation or the cold air that solar heating air-conditioning wall on the sunny side exterior wall of southern side and air conditioner ground produces simultaneously and also send into the room in the lump; In addition, the interior exterior wall and the exterior wall extract duct of the north side back of the ventilating and thermal insulating sound insulation by can effectively utilizing waste heat in the room air, and by be installed on the roof in the exhaust chimney having can wind power generation but the collection scene electricity of air draft is outdoor for the exhaust fan of one is discharged to after the waste heat in the room air is effectively utilized again, thereby reach the effect of regulating room air and temperature.The present invention has carried out the technological improvement of following novelty to existing patented technology.
1, in conjunction with by the auxiliary electrical fan, but but the collection scene electricity that adopts not only wind power generation but also air draft for the fan of one as the intake and exhaust blower fan that ventilates; Change former indoor air supply mode from complexity for directly after the air outlet of basement window is sent into outdoor air supply duct, send into the simple air supply mode in each room through air supply duct air outlet and breast skirt place's air chimney and ventilation opening shutter shield.Invented simultaneously and can effectively utilize the wall and the exhaust system of the waste heat in the indoor exhaust, and then formed the environmental air conditioner circulating system that can make full use of natural clean energy resourcies such as solar energy, wind energy and ground source heat.
2, install in conjunction with the environmental air conditioner circulating system and exterior wall, invent that a kind of cost is low, easy operating, easy-to-install solar heating air-conditioning wall, thereby when satisfying exterior-wall heat insulation, make full use of the effect that solar energy reaches heating air conditioning.
3, invented the composite insulation boards that not only can be used for metope but also can be used for ground; Building materials such as composite wall, floor and roofing composite insulation boards and modelled after an antique watt, thereby, make wall, ground and roofing installation easier, better effects if is installed, also reduced engineering cost simultaneously.
One object of the present invention is to provide a kind of and is utilizing various new materials such as the wall of excellent thermal insulation performance, floor and roof tile; Under the prerequisite of guaranteeing exterior wall, ground and roof heat insulation, by utilizing solar energy and wind power generation to provide nature cleaning electric energy for ventilation, by this ecotypic ventilation circulation system with the ground vapour cool in summer and warm in winter in outdoor new wind and the basement---the ground source heat collection is transported in each room, and heating installation or the cold air that solar heating air-conditioning wall and air conditioner ground are produced is also sent into the room in the lump simultaneously.In addition, be discharged to after ventilating and thermal insulating noise barrier by can effectively utilizing waste heat in the room air and ecotypic exhaust system effectively utilize the waste heat in the room air outdoor, thereby reaching the purpose of regulating room air and temperature and reducing the heating air conditioning cost.
One object of the present invention is to provide new batch production assembly construction methods such as a kind of environmental air conditioner circulating system, the air conditioner insulated sound-proof wall that can effectively utilize the waste heat in the indoor exhaust, solar heating air-conditioning wall and air conditioner ground, has solved that the operation that exists in the existing building engineering is numerous and diverse, cost is high, problem such as maintenance difficult and environmental protection and energy saving are ill-conditioned.
The present invention has following advantage:
1, the present invention mainly relies on the air conditioner circulating system of honourable natural, ecological type, the air conditioner insulated sound-proof wall that can effectively utilize the waste heat in the indoor exhaust and solar heating air-conditioning wall, and fully in the collection and utilization basement ground source heat cool in summer and warm in winter etc. like this some the Nature give our clean energy resource, reach the purpose of regulating room air and temperature.Simultaneously, various recyclable building materials that use have repeatedly been invented as composite wall, floor; Composite insulation boards; Portion's member of various system supports such as circulating water pipe and solar heating air-conditioning wall.Therefore, very energy-conserving and environment-protective, and cost is low, has practicality and operability.
2, carried out the batch production fabricated construction of intensification, improve work efficiency, reduce labour intensity, reduction of erection time, and workmanship can obtain fine control.
3, make the house have more ecological effect, promptly in high building, do not open a window and also can experience one-storey house ground connection gas, the comfortable effect of ventilation, and eliminated the open a window noise of generation and the problem of dust pollution; Improved habitation environment quality.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 represents the plan view by an embodiment of novel ventilation air-conditioning ecologic building involved in the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the sectional drawing along the 1-1 line of Fig. 1, is the job practices sectional drawing by an embodiment of novel ventilation air-conditioning ecologic building involved in the present invention;
Fig. 3 is the profile along the 1-1 line of Fig. 2, is the profile by an embodiment of the novel ventilation air-conditioning ecologic building first floor involved in the present invention;
Fig. 4 is the A view of Fig. 2, is the A elevation by novel ventilation air-conditioning ecologic building first floor interior wall involved in the present invention;
Fig. 5 is the B view of Fig. 2, is the B elevation by novel ventilation air-conditioning ecologic building first floor interior wall involved in the present invention;
Fig. 6 is the sectional drawing along the 2-2 line of Fig. 1, is the sectional drawing by the embodiment of roofing exhaust chimney involved in the present invention;
Fig. 7 is the profile along the 1-1 line of Fig. 3, is the profile by the embodiment on a kind of air conditioner ground involved in the present invention;
Fig. 8 is the perspective schematic view by a kind of example of composite insulation boards involved in the present invention;
Fig. 9 is the profile along the 1-1 line of Fig. 3, is the profile by the embodiment on another kind of air conditioner ground involved in the present invention;
Figure 10 is the profile along the 2-2 line of Fig. 3, is the profile by a kind of solar heating air-conditioning wall embodiment involved in the present invention;
Figure 11 is the profile along the 3-3 line of Fig. 3, is the profile by the embodiment of another kind of solar heating air-conditioning wall involved in the present invention;
Figure 12 is the profile along the 4-4 line of Fig. 3, is the profile by the embodiment of novel ventilation air-conditioning insulated sound-proof wall involved in the present invention;
Figure 13 is the partial schematic perspective view by an embodiment of pseudo-classic style new type roof involved in the present invention;
Figure 14 is the profile along the 1-1 of Figure 13, is the profile by an embodiment of pseudo-classic style new type roof involved in the present invention;
Figure 15 is the C view of Fig. 2, is the C elevation by novel ventilation air-conditioning ecologic building basement interior wall involved in the present invention;
Figure 16 is the D view of Fig. 2, is the D elevation by novel ventilation air-conditioning ecologic building basement interior wall involved in the present invention.
The specific embodiment
Followingly embodiment is described with reference to accompanying drawing:
A kind of novel ventilation air-conditioning ecologic building example, as Fig. 1, Fig. 2 and shown in Figure 3, it is characterized in that: the present invention by the environmental air conditioner circulating system, the inner, external wall 1 and 2 that can effectively utilize the air conditioner heat preservation and soundproof of the waste heat in the indoor exhaust, solar heating air-conditioning wall 3 and 4 and air conditioner ground 5 etc. partly constitute; It is utilizing various new materials and processes such as the wall of excellent thermal insulation performance, floor and roof tile; Under the prerequisite of guaranteeing exterior wall, ground and roof heat insulation, by utilizing solar energy and wind power generation to provide nature cleaning electric energy for ventilation, ventilation circulation system by this energy-conserving and environment-protective is with the ground vapour cool in summer and warm in winter in outdoor new wind and the basement---the ground source heat collection also is transported in each room through breast skirt place air chimney 7 by being installed in towards the air supply duct 6 of southern side sunny side exterior wall (hot wall), will be installed in simultaneously on the sunny side exterior wall of southern side solar heating air-conditioning wall 3 and 4 and air conditioner ground 5 heating installation or the cold air that produce also send into the room in the lump; It during exhaust the interior exterior wall 1 and 2 and exterior wall extract duct 8 of the north side back of the ventilating and thermal insulating sound insulation by can effectively utilizing waste heat in the room air, and by be installed in the exhaust chimney on the roof 9 having can wind power generation but the collection scene electricity of air draft is outdoor for the exhaust fan 10 of one is discharged to room air again, thereby reach the purpose of adjusting room air and temperature.It is applicable to industry and civilian construction.The present invention also comprises roofing composite insulation boards 11 and modelled after an antique watt 12.The present invention has carried out the technological improvement of following novelty to existing patented technology.
1, in conjunction with by the auxiliary electrical fan, but but the collection scene electricity that adopts not only wind power generation but also air draft for the fan of one as the intake and exhaust blower fan that ventilates; Change former indoor air supply mode from complexity for directly after the air outlet of basement window is sent into outdoor air supply duct, send into the simple air supply mode in each room through air supply duct air outlet and breast skirt place's air chimney and ventilation opening shutter shield.Invented simultaneously and can effectively utilize the wall and the exhaust system of the waste heat in the indoor exhaust, and then formed the environmental air conditioner circulating system that can make full use of natural clean energy resourcies such as solar energy, wind energy and ground source heat.
2, install in conjunction with the environmental air conditioner circulating system and exterior wall, invent that a kind of cost is low, easy operating, easy-to-install solar heating air-conditioning wall, thereby when satisfying exterior-wall heat insulation, make full use of the effect that solar energy reaches heating air conditioning.
3, invented the composite insulation boards that not only can be used for metope but also can be used for ground; Building materials such as composite wall, floor and roofing composite insulation boards and modelled after an antique watt, thereby, make wall, ground and roofing installation easier, better effects if is installed, also reduced engineering cost simultaneously.
A kind of environmental air conditioner circulating system example as Fig. 1, Fig. 2 and shown in Figure 3, is characterized in that: it mainly is made of air supply air-conditioner system and exhaust system and basement ventilation system three parts.Described air supply air-conditioner system, as Fig. 1, Fig. 2 and shown in Figure 3, it is characterized in that: it is mainly maked somebody a mere figurehead ventilation ground 15, basement cavity Ventilating wall 16, basement ventilating duct 17, is installed in air supply duct 6, breast skirt place air chimney 7 and ventilation opening shutter shield 18 formations towards southern side sunny side exterior wall (hot wall) by the machine room 13 of prefabricated reinforced concrete that honourable electric one air conditioner equipment is housed or steel work, buried intake stack 14, the basement that is connected with equipment machine room and the built on stilts ventilating layer of basement; It utilizes the machine room 13 inside and outside wind and solar integrated air conditioner equipment that are contained in prefabricated reinforced concrete or steel work that outdoor fresh air is entered basement ground spacing ventilation Stilt layer 19 by intake stack 14, with the ground vapour in the basement---ground source heat gas cool in summer and warm in winter mixes, air outlet 20 by basement ventilating duct 17 and basement window place, upper end thereof is sent into air supply duct 6, sends into each room through air supply duct air outlet 21 and breast skirt place air chimney 7 and ventilation opening shutter shield 18.Described exhaust system, as Fig. 1, Fig. 2, Fig. 3, Fig. 4 and shown in Figure 5, it is characterized in that: it mainly is made of the exterior wall extract duct 8 of the cavity interior wall 1 of the air outlet on the interior wall 22, air conditioner heat preservation and soundproof, the exterior wall air outlet 23 that communicates with extract duct, the north side back, horizontal exhaust duct 24 that the exhaust chimney is led on the extract duct top and roof exhaust chimney 9 etc.; It makes room air enter the cavity interior wall cavity layer 25 that can effectively utilize waste heat in the room air by the air outlet 22 of outstanding metope, and gas outlet 26 is upwards arranged behind exterior wall air draft through hole 23, discharged roofings through exterior wall extract duct 8, horizontal exhaust duct 24 and roof exhaust chimney 9 within the walls in cavity.Described basement ventilation system, as Fig. 1, Fig. 2, Fig. 3, Figure 15 and shown in Figure 16, it is characterized in that: the outdoor fresh air that enters basement ground spacing ventilation Stilt layer 19 mixes with ground source heat gas, a direct basement skirt place air chimney 27 by communicating with the built on stilts ventilating layer in ground, and send into each room of basement by ventilation opening shutter shield 28; The basement room air enters the cavity layer 30 of the cavity exterior wall 2 of the air conditioner heat preservation and soundproof that can effectively utilize waste heat in the room air by the air outlet on the basement interior wall 29, and upwards row's horizontal exhaust duct 31 from the exhaust chimney to cavity exterior wall top and roof exhaust chimney 9 of leading to discharged roofings.Thereby form the environmental air conditioner circulating system.The present invention mainly is applicable to the industry and the civilian construction of various band basements, also comprises the industry and the civilian construction that are applicable to no basement.Directly be connected but intake stack 14 former interfaces with basement ground spacing ventilation Stilt layer 19 need be changed its course, outdoor fresh air can be reached the air outlet that is communicated with the air supply duct lower end by intake stack 14 like this and directly deliver in the air supply duct 6 with the buried air outlet in air supply duct 6 lower ends.Described extract duct 8, as Fig. 1, Fig. 2 and shown in Figure 3, it is characterized in that, the pipeline that it is 1.5~3.0m for its external surfaces square or rectangle or circle or various moulding such as circular arc or polygon are coated with the every joint length made with various metal material such as galvanized sheet irons with various finish coats is formed by connecting, and also comprises with plastics, moulds materials such as wood, fiber cement polymer and glass fiber reinforced plastic and make; Its lower end is for sealing, and propped up on the supporting plate 32 of taking root with body of wall perpendicular to ground, and its top is uncovered, and is connected with an end of the horizontal exhaust duct 24 that leads to the exhaust chimney; Its every pipe joint interface is that tongue and groove connects, and links fixing along 3 of short transverse upper, middle and lowers with body of wall; Pipeline all has circular or square or the rectangular opening that communicates with the air draft through hole at exterior wall air draft through hole 23 places by the every floor of body of wall one side.Air outlet 22 on the described interior wall and the air outlet 29 on the basement interior wall, as Fig. 2, Fig. 5 and shown in Figure 16, be square or rectangle or round hole, but different is, the former is for protruding in metope, and communicates fully with cavity interior wall cavity layer 25, and the latter then is that paperback is on metope, cavity layer with basement cavity Ventilating wall 16 around it is a complete closed, and directly communicates with the cavity layer 30 of cavity exterior wall 2.Gas outlet 26 within the walls in the described cavity, as shown in Figures 2 and 3, it is characterized in that, in cavity interior wall cavity layer 25 with the plate or the batten 33 of a block length bar shaped, side is shut with inner wall panel and inner side of outer wall respectively before and after it, shut with wall top angle its upper end, stay a joint not seal between lower end and the ground and form with its above the strip through hole that communicates of exterior wall air draft through hole 23.
At the described air supply duct 6 shown in Fig. 1, Fig. 2 and Fig. 3, it is characterized in that, it is formed by connecting the polyphenyl composite heat-insulating layer of the compound layer of surface band mo(u)lding of its inwall face for its external surfaces square or rectangle or circle or various moulding such as circular arc or polygon are coated with the usefulness of the finish coat pipeline that to mould every joint length that wood or fiber cement increased pressure board or prefabricated reinforced concrete pipe element makes be 1.0~3.0m; Its upper and lower side is sealing, its lower end is erected on the concrete cushion of outer the foot of a wall perpendicular to ground, its upper end height is to 60~150mm more than the air supply duct air outlet of the last layer of building, and every pipe joint interface is that tongue and groove connects, and links fixing along 3 of short transverse upper, middle and lowers with body of wall; Pipeline all has circular or square or the rectangular opening that communicates with air outlet 21 at the height and position place of the air supply duct air outlet 21 that leans on the every floor of body of wall one side, and has circular or square or the rectangular opening that communicates with air outlet 20 in air outlet 20 positions.It also comprise another kind be used to not have basement, its lower end imbeds circular or the square or rectangular opening underground, that it communicates with air outlet 20 and opens air supply duct in the position of directly docking with intake stack 14.
At the described breast skirt place air chimney 7 shown in Fig. 2, Fig. 4 and Figure 10, it is characterized in that: it be with rectangle square or circular mould wooden one-tenth, its length pipeline than the long 200~400mm of window, also comprise the external surface made with galvanized sheet iron or plastics or glass fiber reinforced plastic or materials such as fiber cement polymer or the polyphenylene heat insulation slab complex heat-preservation tubing with various finish coats, its two ends, left and right sides join and are connected for tongue and groove shape with cavity ventilation floor 34; Its air supply duct air outlet 21 positions by wall one side have a circular or square or rectangular opening 35 that communicates with the air supply duct air outlet, have one or more the square or circular ventilation opening 36 of rectangle in the top in the ventilation opening shutter shield 18 along its length.
Described roof exhaust chimney 9 shown in Fig. 6 is characterized in that: but but it by solar panel 42, two ends and the exhaust barrel on exhaust funnel 37, three slotted-angle shelvings 40 that are anchored at the support exhaust chimney top cover of steel pipe diagonal brace 38 on the exhaust funnel outer wall, contact joist steel pipe 39 and upper end, exhaust chimney top cover roof boarding 41, roof boarding upper berth take root go into the well on fixing word truss-steel beam 43 and 44 and the honourable electricity of collection that has not only wind power generation but also air draft concurrently fixed thereon be one exhaust fan 10 constitutes.Described exhaust funnel 37 for circular or square or rectangle or polygonal about two ends be the reinforced concrete prefabricated pipe fitting of opening, its outer surface of tube wall is coated with various finish coats, its lower end edge tube wall periphery is reserved one every 200~400mm spacing and is used for the angle sign indicating number 45 of fixedly taking root with top board structure, and with expansion bolt and top board fixation, simultaneously, be reserved with Durchgangshohle 131 with the corresponding size of exhaust duct sectional dimension in horizontal exhaust duct 31 installation place that crosses; On the tube wall of the exhaust fan 10 setting height(from bottom) positions of the electric one of scene, be reserved with and be used to install and fix the embedded iron of well word truss-steel beam 43 and 44 or reserve hole 46; The anchoring of outer wall corresponding position is reserved with steel pipe diagonal brace 38 and links fixing pre-buried rod member 47 around the exhaust funnel upper end.
A kind of scene electricity that collects is the fan example of one, as shown in Figure 6, it is characterized in that: it by have concurrently fan functionality, with the wind-driven generator 48 and the electric fan 49 of electric fan interaction, and the solar panel that is installed on exhaust chimney top cover roof boarding 41 or air-conditioning equipment machine room 13 tops is formed; This fan both can be parallel to floor mounted is used for the exhaust chimney in exhaust funnel 37 exhaust, also can be used for air-supply at the air intake of the machine room 13 of air-conditioning equipment perpendicular to floor mounted.The described wind-driven generator 48 that has fan functionality and electric fan interaction concurrently, it is characterized in that: it is parallel to ground, and to be fixed on exhaust funnel by last well word truss-steel beam 43 suitable for reading, it is a kind of small-sized wind power generator, but the motor transmission shaft 50 of the lengthening of the electric fan that its fan blade center cap and below are parallel with it is to be connected in one, when exhaust duct 24 and 31 and outdoor wind-force not enough and can't start wind-driven generator air draft generating the time, the electric energy that produces with wind-driven generator or solar panel starts electric fan 49, when air draft and driving the fan rotation air draft of wind-driven generator, carry out wind-power electricity generation.Described electric fan 49 is characterized in that: it is parallel to ground and is fixed on the top of exhaust duct 24 in the exhaust funnel and 31 by the word truss-steel beam 44 of going into the well, and the motor transmission shaft 50 and the wind-driven generator fan blade center cap of lengthening are connected in one.It also comprises between another kind of wind-driven generator and the electric fan they are connected in the motor transmission shaft of the lengthening of one, for the honourable electricity of the collection of independent split is the fan of one; It is to start electric fan by the electric energy that produces with wind-driven generator or solar panel, when directly reaching air draft by the electric fan rotation, drive the fan rotation of wind-driven generator and carry out wind-power electricity generation, solve when exhaust duct 24 and 31 and outdoor wind-force not enough and can't start the problem of wind-driven generator air draft generating.
A kind of air conditioner ground example, as Fig. 2, Fig. 3 and shown in Figure 7, it is characterized in that: make progress successively by the self-leveling cement mortar levelling floor or cement mortar tack coat 51 and the shop composite insulation boards 52 thereon that are layered on the floor, structure building from the flooring deck, circulating water pipe 53, composite floor board 54, and cavity ventilation floor 34 and cavity air intake baseboard 55 constitute around the breast skirt place air chimney 7, ground.It is applicable to the ground of various industry and civilian construction.
Described composite floor board 54 shown in Fig. 2, Fig. 3 and Fig. 7 is characterized in that: it is composited by rectangle or square basal plate 56 and bonding thereon floor finish coat 57.It also can be used as the wallboard material and is applicable to body of wall.It comprises the floor of the true qualities facing that the basal plate of no floor finish coat is intrinsic; Comprise that also it is tongue and groove shape or cancavo-convex composite floor board that another kind of adjacent edges of boards link.Its mounting method is, buckle after the limit withholds the basal plate edges of boards of adjacent composite floor board with the both wings of U type anchoring card 58, with expansion bolt 59 with supporting seat 60 in U type anchoring card and the composite insulation boards and building flooring structure fixation; Also comprise another kind of without U type anchoring card, but directly with expansion bolt or cement nail with supporting seat in composite floor board and the composite insulation boards 60 and building flooring structure fixation.Described basal plate 56 is characterized in that, it is rectangle or square fortifying fibre cement increased pressure board, also comprise with moulding wood or reinforced concrete prefabricated board or plastics or glass fiber reinforced plastic, or materials such as solid wood or compoiste wood floor or various metal sheets is made; Described floor finish coat 57 comprises sheet materials such as solid wood plate, compoiste wood floor, various metal sheet, veneer, face brick, stone material plate, plastic plate, or facing such as coated one deck facing paint.
At Fig. 2, Fig. 3, described composite insulation boards 52 shown in Fig. 4 and Fig. 8, it is characterized in that: it is after the circulating water pipe installation place, upper end of thick rectangle of 40~100mm or square extruded polystyrene warming plate 61 has 2~6 elongated square or circular grooves 62, end face and side parcel or stickup one deck glass fabricbase aluminium foil 63 thereon all around, and between the groove of plate and adhesion or cast and the supporting seat 60 of through hole in the through hole of the square or rectangle held successfully of the surrounding of plate with size, its supporting seat spacing: horizontal at plate two ends and groove between be 80~200mm; Be 100~600mm vertically along the groove length direction.It both can be used for ground and also can be used for wall thermal insulating, and it also comprises unnotched composite insulation boards 64 on the another kind of plate face.Described supporting seat is characterized in that: it is made by regeneration with waste tire rubber for square or rectangle, and its size is with the through hole of plate, and its center position is drilled with spiral shell eye through hole 65; It comprises with anticorrosion wooden unit or moulds wood or plastics or concrete precast block are made; Also comprise with concrete cast in situs and forming.
Another kind of air conditioner ground example, as Fig. 2, Fig. 3 and shown in Figure 9, it is characterized in that: make progress successively by the self-leveling cement mortar levelling floor or cement mortar tack coat 51 and the shop composite insulation boards 64 thereon that are layered on the floor, structure building from the flooring deck, circulating water pipe 53, raised flooring 66, and cavity ventilation floor 34 and cavity air intake baseboard 55 constitute around the breast skirt place air chimney 7, ground.It is applicable to various industry and civilian construction.Described composite insulation boards 64, as Fig. 8 and shown in Figure 9, its feature is with composite insulation boards 52, but to some extent difference be, composite insulation boards 64 no grooves 62, circulating water pipe is directly to be layered on above the warming plate, therefore, than composite insulation boards 52 thin 20mm.
Described raised flooring 66 shown in Fig. 9 is characterized in that: it is composited by the finish coat 68 that adheres to for rectangle or square flute profile basal plate 67 and upper end face thereof.The feature of described flute profile basal plate 67 is, its horizontal left and right sides is the built on stilts flute profile leg wing, its leg wing outside be respectively concave-convex 69 and 70 mutually to edge fit, and on recessed end limit, left side, have a screw 71 every 100~600mm, in addition, laterally between the built on stilts flute profile leg wing in the left and right sides, every 80~300mm be parallel to the flute profile leg wing be provided with together with the both sides leg wing with high ribs 72; Its vertical rear and front end does not have the built on stilts flute profile leg wing, and side plate face interface is a tongue and groove shape on it; The flute profile basal plate is made with moulding wood or fortifying fibre cement increased pressure board or reinforced concrete prefabricated forming, also comprising with materials such as plastics or plastic-steel or glass fiber reinforced plastic or various metal sheets; Described finish coat 68 comprises sheet materials such as solid wood plate, veneer, face brick, stone material plate, plastic plate or various metal sheets, or coated paint facing, or does not have the intrinsic true qualities facing of basal plate of surperficial finish coat.It not only can be used for ground but also can be used for body of wall.It also comprises the raised flooring that has only the built on stilts flute profile leg wing in the horizontal left and right sides of another kind of no ribs 72.Its mounting method is, with expansion bolt 73 pass screw 71 with supporting seat 60 and building flooring structure fixation in raised flooring flute profile leg wing concave edge 69 composite insulation boards below it after, the flute profile leg wing chimb 70 of adjacent panels is inserted concave edges 69 docks and get final product.
A kind of solar heating air-conditioning wall and mounting method example thereof, as Fig. 3 and shown in Figure 10, it is characterized in that: from exterior wall outside order successively inside hollow glass and plastic-steel frame 74 by square or rectangle, be coated with the waveform steel sheet 75 of heat absorbing coating, thick no asbestos fiber cement increased pressure board 76 of galvanized sheet or 6mm and the composite insulation boards 77 that is fixed on the structure outer constitute, before its waveform steel sheet 75 with parallel hollow glass inboard, back and parallel galvanized sheet or each formation of the thick no asbestos fiber cement increased pressure board of 6mm 76 outsides is the cavity layer 78 and 79 of 10~50mm together, and is having 1~3 gravity vent that communicates with air supply duct 80 with the lower side of the plastic-steel frame of air supply duct 6 joints; Above the cavity layer 79 along opening the hole under the windowsill of window width direction and staying 3~6 ventilation steel pipe sleeve pipes 81, its spacing is 100~300mm.It is mainly used in exterior wall breast position, also is applicable to other position of exterior wall, but intake and exhaust mouth of pipe reservation position is different; It is not only applicable to the building of structure wall, is applicable to the frame construction of non-structure body of wall and the building of steel work yet.Described waveform steel sheet 75, it is characterized by: it has the wide limit 82 of 10~30mm that engages with the plastic-steel frame for surrounding square or rectangle.It also comprise other two kinds of flap types with plate.Described composite insulation boards 77, its feature be with composite insulation boards 52, but different be no groove 62.
The mounting method of solar heating air-conditioning wall as shown in figure 10, is characterized in that carrying out according to the following steps successively:
1) with expansion bolt composite insulation boards 77 is fixed on the structure outer;
2) with screw or expansion bolt galvanized sheet or the thick no asbestos fiber cement increased pressure board 76 of 6mm are fixed on the composite insulation boards, and are reserving ventilation steel pipe sleeve pipe 81 along opening the hole under the windowsill of window width direction;
3) with screw waveform steel-sheet surrounding 82 is fixed on the plastic-steel frame;
When 4) being fixed on plastic-steel frame 74 on the composite insulation boards supporting seat with screw, expansion bolt and angle sign indicating number 83 all around, the gravity vent 80 usefulness casing joints and the air supply duct 6 of plastic-steel frame lower side are connected, and close with sealing and trimming strip 84 with obturaging around the plastic-steel frame;
5) hollow glass is installed on the plastic-steel frame 74, and the dress sealing strip.
Another kind of solar heating air-conditioning wall and mounting method example thereof, as Fig. 3 and shown in Figure 11, it is characterized in that: from the inside hollow glass 85 in exterior wall outside order successively by square or rectangle, plastic-steel frame 86, be coated with the flap shape steel sheet 87 of heat absorbing coating, PE-RT circulating water pipe 88 and the composite insulation boards 89 that is fixed on the structure outer constitute, before its flap shape steel sheet 87 with parallel hollow glass inboard, each forms the cavity layer 90 and 91 of 10~50mm together back the and parallel composite insulation boards outside, and goes out up and down at the PE-RT circulating water pipe, the water inlet interface is reserved with and is attached thereto the steel pipe interface 92 through walls and 93 that connects.It is applicable to each position of exterior wall, and it is not only applicable to the building of structure wall, also is applicable to the frame construction of non-structure body of wall and the building of steel work.Described flap shape steel sheet 87, it is characterized by: it has the wide limit 94 of 10~30mm that engages with the plastic-steel frame for surrounding square or rectangle.It also comprise other two kinds of waveforms with plate.Described composite insulation boards 89, its feature be with composite insulation boards 52, but different be that no groove 62 also comprises and adopts composite insulation boards 52.
The mounting method of another kind of solar heating air-conditioning wall as shown in figure 11, is characterized in that carrying out according to the following steps successively:
1) with expansion bolt 95 composite insulation boards 89 is fixed on the structure outer;
2) with the U-shaped card PE-RT circulating water pipe 88 is fixed on the composite insulation boards, and the PE-RT circulating water pipe tube head that goes out up and down, intakes is docked with steel pipe interface 92 and 93 through walls respectively;
3) with screw 96 flap shape steel-sheet surrounding 94 is fixed on the plastic-steel frame;
4) with screw, expansion bolt 97 and angle sign indicating number 98 plastic-steel frame 86 is fixed on the composite insulation boards all around, and obturages thermal-insulating sealing ornamental strip 100 and plastic-steel frame close all around with screw, expansion bolt and angle sign indicating number 99;
5) hollow glass 85 is installed on the plastic-steel frame 86, and the dress sealing strip.
A kind of air conditioner insulated sound-proof wall and mounting method example thereof, as Fig. 2, Fig. 3 and shown in Figure 12, it is characterized in that: inwardly constitute from exterior wall outside order successively, and forming the ventilated cavity layer 25 and 30 of twice 20~50mm inside and outside the structure wall between cushion block respectively by compound external wall panel 101, composite insulation boards 102, cushion block 103, structure wall 104, cushion block 105, composite insulation boards 106, composite inner wall plate 107.It is not only applicable to the building of structure wall, is applicable to the frame construction of non-structure body of wall and the building of steel work yet.Described compound external wall panel 101 as shown in figure 12, is characterized in that: it is composited by basal plate 108 and bonding thereon finish coat 109.It comprises the wallboard of the true qualities facing that the basal plate of no finish coat is intrinsic; Comprise that also it is tongue and groove shape or cancavo-convex compound external wall panel that another kind of adjacent edges of boards link.Described basal plate 108 is characterized in that, it is rectangle or square fortifying fibre cement increased pressure board, also comprise with moulding wood or plastics or glass fiber reinforced plastic or stone material plate, or materials such as solid wood or composite wood board or various metal sheets is made; Described finish coat 109 comprises sheet materials such as various metal sheets, face brick, veneer, plastic plate, or coated one deck facing paint etc.Its mounting method is, as shown in figure 12, buckle after the limit withholds adjacent compound external wall panel edges of boards with the both wings of U type anchoring card 110, with expansion bolt 111 with U type anchoring card and composite insulation boards supporting seat 60 and structure wall fixation; Also comprise another kind of without U type anchoring card, but directly with expansion bolt or cement nail mounting method with compound external wall panel and composite insulation boards supporting seat 60 and structure wall fixation.Described composite insulation boards 102 and 106, its feature be with composite insulation boards 52, but different be, no groove 62, and the composite insulation boards outside is 102 thicker than inboard 106.Described composite inner wall plate 107, its feature is with compound external wall panel 101.
A kind of mounting method of air conditioner insulated sound-proof wall as shown in figure 12, is characterized in that carrying out according to the following steps successively:
One, exterior wall is installed
1) cushion block 103 and structure wall are fixed earlier, passed screw 65 on the composite insulation boards supporting seat with composite insulation boards 102 and cushion block 103 and structure wall fixation with expansion bolt 112 then with cement nail;
2) buckle after the limit withholds adjacent compound external wall panel edges of boards with the both wings of U type anchoring card 110, with expansion bolt 111 with U type anchoring card and composite insulation boards supporting seat 60 and structure wall fixation.
Two, interior wall is installed
1) cushion block 105 and structure wall are fixed earlier, passed screw 65 on the composite insulation boards supporting seat with composite insulation boards 106 and cushion block 105 and structure wall fixation with expansion bolt 113 then with cement nail;
2) use expansion bolt 114 or cement nail with composite inner wall plate 107 and composite insulation boards supporting seat 60 and structure wall fixation.
A kind of pseudo-classic style new type roof and mounting method example thereof as Fig. 2, Figure 13 and shown in Figure 14, is characterized in that: make progress successively by the roof boarding or the roof slope making layer 116 that are layered on the roof truss roofing composite insulation boards 11, modelled after an antique watt 12 formation from roof construction layer 115.It is applicable to various building in the style of the ancients roofings.Described roofing composite insulation boards 11, as Figure 13 and shown in Figure 14, it is characterized in that: it is the upper surface of the extruded polystyrene warming plate that is waveform in the thick rectangle of 50~150mm or square upper surface or polystyrene thermal insulation plate 117 and side end face parcel or paste the glass fabricbase aluminium foil 118 of one deck waterproof all around, and in the through hole of the square or rectangle of holding successfully at corrugated sheet trough place adhesion or cast and through hole with big or small supporting seat 119.Its supporting seat spacing: laterally at each trough place or every 1~3 trough place; Vertically downsea line direction is 100~600mm.Described supporting seat is characterized in that: it makes its upper surface radian same waveform plate for square or rectangle by regeneration with waste tire rubber; Its size is with the through hole of plate, and its center position is drilled with spiral shell eye through hole.It comprises with anticorrosion wooden unit or moulds wood or plastics or concrete precast block are made; Also comprise with concrete cast in situs and forming.
The mounting method of pseudo-classic style new type roof as Figure 13 and shown in Figure 14, is characterized in that carrying out according to the following steps successively:
1), at roof truss upper berth roof boarding or at roofing upper berth cement mortar screeding to falls layer 116;
2), pass screw on the roofing composite insulation boards supporting seat 119 with roofing composite insulation boards 11 and roof structure fixation with expansion bolt or cement nail 120;
3), with expansion bolt or cement nail 121 with modelled after an antique watt 12 with composite insulation boards supporting seat 119 and structure wall fixation.
Shown in Fig. 2, Figure 13 and Figure 14 described modelled after an antique watt 12 is characterized in that: it is rectangle or square; It is made of waveform basal plate 122 and surperficial glaze thereof or imitative glaze finish coat 123; Its transverse ends limit is corresponding tongue and groove shape overlap edge 124 and 125; Its limit, vertical two ends also is corresponding tongue and groove shape overlap edge 126 and 127 and be drilled with hole for nailing 128 at the trough place; The trough place that pressure between vertical limit, two ends is carved with the corrugated modelled after an antique watt of overlap joint baste 129 in 1~6 road also is drilled with hole for nailing 130; Appearance after it is installed is fully with existing building in the style of the ancients roof tile.It is applicable to various building in the style of the ancients roofings.It comprises the intrinsic true qualities glaze facing of basal plate of no surperficial finish coat.Described basal plate is by comprising fortifying fibre cement increased pressure board or moulding wood or materials such as plastics or GRC or glass fiber reinforced plastic or steel sheet or aluminium alloys or galvanized sheet iron are made.

Claims (16)

1. novel ventilation air-conditioning ecologic building, it is applicable to industry and civilian construction, it is characterized in that: the present invention is made of the environmental air conditioner circulating system, the inner, external wall (1 and 2) that can effectively utilize the air conditioner heat preservation and soundproof of the waste heat in the indoor exhaust, solar heating air-conditioning wall (3 and 4) and parts such as air conditioner ground (5); It is utilizing various new materials and processes such as the wall of excellent thermal insulation performance, floor and roof tile; Guaranteeing exterior wall, under the prerequisite of ground and roof heat insulation, by utilizing solar energy and wind power generation to provide nature cleaning electric energy for ventilation, ventilation circulation system by this energy-conserving and environment-protective is with the ground vapour cool in summer and warm in winter in outdoor new wind and the basement---and the ground source heat collection also is transported in each room through breast skirt place air chimney (7) by being installed in towards the air supply duct (6) of southern side sunny side exterior wall (hot wall), will be installed in heating installation or the cold air that solar heating air-conditioning wall (3 and 4) on the sunny side exterior wall of southern side and air conditioner ground (5) produce simultaneously and also send into the room in the lump; During exhaust the interior exterior wall (1 and 2) and the exterior wall extract duct (8) of the north side back of the ventilating and thermal insulating sound insulation by can effectively utilizing waste heat in the room air, and by being installed in exhaust chimney (9) on the roof in have can wind power generation but the collection scene electricity of air draft is outdoor for the exhaust fan of one (10) is discharged to room air again, thereby reach the purpose of adjusting room air and temperature.The present invention also comprises roofing composite insulation boards (11) and modelled after an antique watt (12).
2. environmental air conditioner circulating system is characterized in that: it mainly is made of air supply air-conditioner system and exhaust system and basement ventilation system three parts.Described air supply air-conditioner system is characterized in that: it mainly is made of the machine room (13) of prefabricated reinforced concrete that honourable electric one air conditioner equipment is housed or steel work, buried intake stack (14), the basement built on stilts ventilation ground (15), basement cavity Ventilating wall (16), the basement ventilating duct (17) that are connected with equipment machine room and the built on stilts ventilating layer of basement, air supply duct (6), breast skirt place air chimney (7) and the ventilation opening shutter shield (18) that is installed in towards southern side sunny side exterior wall (hot wall); It utilizes the inside and outside wind and solar integrated air conditioner equipment of machine room (13) that is contained in prefabricated reinforced concrete or steel work that outdoor fresh air is entered basement ground spacing ventilation Stilt layer (19) by intake stack (14), with the ground vapour in the basement---ground source heat gas cool in summer and warm in winter mixes, air outlet (20) by basement ventilating duct (17) and basement window place, upper end thereof is sent into air supply duct (6), sends into each room through air supply duct air outlet (21) and breast skirt place air chimney (7) and ventilation opening shutter shield (18).Described exhaust system is characterized in that: it is mainly by the exterior wall extract duct (8) of the cavity interior wall (1) of the air outlet on the interior wall (22), air conditioner heat preservation and soundproof, the exterior wall air outlet (23) that communicates with extract duct, the north side back, horizontal exhaust duct (24) and the roof exhaust chimney formations such as (9) that the exhaust chimney is led on the extract duct top; The air outlet (22) that it makes room air pass through outstanding metope enters the cavity interior wall cavity layer (25) that can effectively utilize waste heat in the room air, and gas outlet (26) are upwards arranged behind exterior wall air draft through hole (23), discharged roofing through exterior wall extract duct (8), horizontal exhaust duct (24) and roof exhaust chimney (9) within the walls in cavity.Described basement ventilation system, it is characterized in that: the outdoor fresh air that enters basement ground spacing ventilation Stilt layer (19) mixes with ground source heat gas, a direct basement skirt place air chimney (27) by communicating with the built on stilts ventilating layer in ground, and send into each room of basement by ventilation opening shutter shield (28); The basement room air enters the cavity layer (30) of the cavity exterior wall (2) of the air conditioner heat preservation and soundproof that can effectively utilize waste heat in the room air by the air outlet on the basement interior wall (29), and upwards row's horizontal exhaust duct (31) from the exhaust chimney to cavity exterior wall top and roof exhaust chimney (9) of leading to discharged roofing.Thereby form the environmental air conditioner circulating system.The present invention mainly is applicable to the industry and the civilian construction of various band basements, also comprises the industry and the civilian construction that are applicable to no basement.Directly be connected but the former interface with basement ground spacing ventilation Stilt layer (19) of intake stack (14) need be changed its course, outdoor fresh air can be reached the air outlet that is communicated with the air supply duct lower end by intake stack (14) like this and directly deliver in the air supply duct (6) with the buried air outlet in air supply duct (6) lower end.Described extract duct (8), it is characterized in that, the pipeline that it is 1.5~3.0m for its external surfaces square or rectangle or circle or various moulding such as circular arc or polygon are coated with the every joint length made with various metal material such as galvanized sheet irons with various finish coats is formed by connecting, and also comprises with plastics, moulds materials such as wood, fiber cement polymer and glass fiber reinforced plastic and make; Its lower end is for sealing, and propped up on the supporting plate (32) of taking root with body of wall perpendicular to ground, and its top is uncovered, and is connected with an end of the horizontal exhaust duct (24) that leads to the exhaust chimney; Its every pipe joint interface is that tongue and groove connects, and links fixing along 3 of short transverse upper, middle and lowers with body of wall; Pipeline locates all to have circular or square or the rectangular opening that communicates with the air draft through hole at the exterior wall air draft through hole (23) by the every floor of body of wall one side.Air outlet (29) on air outlet on the described interior wall (22) and the basement interior wall is square or rectangle or round hole, but different is, the former is for protruding in metope, and communicate fully with cavity interior wall cavity layer (25), the latter then is that paperback is on metope, cavity layer with basement cavity Ventilating wall (16) around it is a complete closed, and directly communicates with the cavity layer (30) of cavity exterior wall (2).In the described cavity gas outlet (26) within the walls, it is characterized in that, in cavity interior wall cavity layer (25) with the plate or the batten (33) of a block length bar shaped, side is shut with inner wall panel and inner side of outer wall respectively before and after it, shut with wall top angle its upper end, stay a joint not seal between lower end and the ground and form with its above the strip through hole that communicates of exterior wall air draft through hole (23).
3. according to claim 1 and 2 described air supply ducts (6), it is characterized in that, it is formed by connecting the polyphenyl composite heat-insulating layer of the compound layer of surface band mo(u)lding of its inwall face for its external surfaces square or rectangle or circle or various moulding such as circular arc or polygon are coated with the usefulness of the finish coat pipeline that to mould every joint length that wood or fiber cement increased pressure board or prefabricated reinforced concrete pipe element makes be 1.0~3.0m; Its upper and lower side is sealing, its lower end is erected on the concrete cushion of outer the foot of a wall perpendicular to ground, its upper end height is to 60~150mm more than the air supply duct air outlet of the last layer of building, and every pipe joint interface is that tongue and groove connects, and links fixing along 3 of short transverse upper, middle and lowers with body of wall; Pipeline all has circular or square or the rectangular opening that communicates with air outlet (21) at the height and position place of the air supply duct air outlet (21) that leans on the every floor of body of wall one side, and has circular or square or the rectangular opening that communicates with air outlet (20) in air outlet (20) position.It also comprise another kind be used to not have basement, its lower end imbeds underground, its circular or square or rectangular opening that communicates with air outlet (20) and opens air supply duct in the position of directly docking with intake stack (14).
4. according to claim 1 and 2 described breast skirt place's air chimneys (7), it is characterized in that: it be with rectangle square or circular mould wooden one-tenth, its length pipeline than the long 200~400mm of window, also comprise the external surface made with galvanized sheet iron or plastics or glass fiber reinforced plastic or materials such as fiber cement polymer or the polyphenylene heat insulation slab complex heat-preservation tubing with various finish coats, its two ends, left and right sides join and are connected for tongue and groove shape with cavity ventilation floor (34); Its air supply duct air outlet (21) position by wall one side has a circular or square or rectangular opening (35) that communicates with the air supply duct air outlet, has one or more the square or circular ventilation opening (36) of rectangle in the top in the ventilation opening shutter shield (18) along its length.
5. according to claim 1 and 2 described roof exhaust chimney (9), it is characterized in that: it by solar panel (42), two ends and the exhaust barrel on exhaust funnel (37), three slotted-angle shelvings (40) that are anchored at the support exhaust chimney top cover of steel pipe diagonal brace (38) on the exhaust funnel outer wall, contact joist steel pipe (39) and upper end, exhaust chimney top cover roof boarding (41), roof boarding upper berth take root go into the well on fixing word truss-steel beam (43 and 44) but but and the collection scene electricity that has not only wind power generation but also air draft concurrently fixed thereon be the exhaust fan of one (10) formation.Described exhaust funnel (37) for circular or square or rectangle or polygonal about two ends be the reinforced concrete prefabricated pipe fitting of opening, its outer surface of tube wall is coated with various finish coats, its lower end edge tube wall periphery is reserved one every 200~400mm spacing and is used for the angle sign indicating number (45) of fixedly taking root with top board structure, and is reserved with Durchgangshohle (131) with the corresponding size of exhaust duct sectional dimension in horizontal exhaust duct (31) installation place that crosses; On the tube wall of exhaust fan (10) the setting height(from bottom) position of the electric one of scene, be reserved with and be used to install and fix the embedded iron of well word truss-steel beam (43 and 44) or reserve hole (46); The anchoring of outer wall corresponding position is reserved with steel pipe diagonal brace (38) and links fixing pre-buried rod member (47) around the exhaust funnel upper end.
6. one kind collects the honourable electric fan of one that is, it is characterized in that: it by have concurrently fan functionality, with wind-driven generator (48) and the electric fan (49) of electric fan interaction, and be installed in solar panel composition on exhaust chimney top cover roof boarding (41) or air-conditioning equipment machine room (13) top; This fan both can be parallel to floor mounted is used for the exhaust chimney in exhaust funnel (37) exhaust, also can be used for air-supply at the air intake of air-conditioning equipment machine room (13) perpendicular to floor mounted.The described wind-driven generator (48) that has fan functionality and electric fan interaction concurrently, it is characterized in that: it is parallel to ground, and to be fixed on exhaust funnel by last well word truss-steel beam (43) suitable for reading, it is a kind of small-sized wind power generator, but the motor transmission shaft (50) of the lengthening of the electric fan that its fan blade center cap and below are parallel with it is to be connected in one, when exhaust duct (24 and 31) and outdoor wind-force not enough and can't start wind-driven generator air draft generating the time, the electric energy that produces with wind-driven generator or solar panel starts electric fan (49), when air draft and driving the fan rotation air draft of wind-driven generator, carry out wind-power electricity generation.Described electric fan (49) is characterized in that: it is parallel to ground and is fixed on the top of exhaust duct (24 and 31) in the exhaust funnel by the word truss-steel beam (44) of going into the well, and the motor transmission shaft of lengthening (50) is connected in one with wind-driven generator fan blade center cap.It also comprises between another kind of wind-driven generator and the electric fan they are connected in the motor transmission shaft of the lengthening of one, for the honourable electricity of the collection of independent split is the fan of one; It is to start electric fan by the electric energy that produces with wind-driven generator or solar panel, when directly reaching air draft by the electric fan rotation, drive the fan rotation of wind-driven generator and carry out wind-power electricity generation, solve when exhaust duct (24 and 31) and outdoor wind-force not enough and can't start the problem of wind-driven generator air draft generating.
7. air conditioner ground, it is characterized in that: make progress successively by the self-leveling cement mortar levelling floor or cement mortar tack coat (51) and the shop composite insulation boards (52) thereon that are layered on the floor, structure building from the flooring deck, circulating water pipe (53), composite floor board (54), and cavity ventilation floor (34) and cavity air intake baseboard (55) formation around the breast skirt place air chimney (7), ground.It is applicable to the ground of various industry and civilian construction.
8. composite floor board according to claim 7 (54) is characterized in that: it is composited by rectangle or square basal plate (56) and bonding thereon floor finish coat (57).It also can be used as the wallboard material and is applicable to body of wall.It comprises the floor of the true qualities facing that the basal plate of no floor finish coat is intrinsic; Comprise that also it is tongue and groove shape or cancavo-convex composite floor board that another kind of adjacent edges of boards link.Its mounting method is, buckle after the limit withholds the basal plate edges of boards of adjacent composite floor board with the both wings of U type anchoring card (58), with expansion bolt (59) with supporting seat (60) in U type anchoring card and the composite insulation boards and building flooring structure fixation; Also comprise another kind of without U type anchoring card, but directly with expansion bolt or cement nail with supporting seat in composite floor board and the composite insulation boards (60) and building flooring structure fixation.Described basal plate (56) is characterized in that, it is rectangle or square fortifying fibre cement increased pressure board, also comprise with moulding wood or reinforced concrete prefabricated board or plastics or glass fiber reinforced plastic or stone material plate, or materials such as solid wood or composite wood board or various metal sheets is made; Described floor finish coat (57) comprises sheet materials such as solid wood plate, compoiste wood floor, various metal sheet, veneer, face brick, stone material plate, plastic plate, or facing such as coated one deck facing paint.
9. composite insulation boards according to claim 7 (52), it is characterized in that: it is after the circulating water pipe installation place, upper end of thick rectangle of 40~100mm or square extruded polystyrene warming plate (61) has 2~6 elongated square or circular grooves (62), end face and side parcel or stickup one deck glass fabricbase aluminium foil (63) thereon all around, and between the groove of plate and adhesion or cast and the supporting seat (60) of through hole in the through hole of the square or rectangle held successfully of the surrounding of plate with size, its supporting seat spacing: horizontal at plate two ends and groove between be 80~200mm; Be 100~600mm vertically along the groove length direction.It both can be used for ground and also can be used for wall thermal insulating, and it also comprises unnotched composite insulation boards (64) on the another kind of plate face.Described supporting seat is characterized in that: it is made by regeneration with waste tire rubber for square or rectangle, and its size is with the through hole of plate, and its center position is drilled with spiral shell eye through hole (65); It comprises with anticorrosion wooden unit or moulds wood or plastics or concrete precast block are made; Also comprise with concrete cast in situs and forming.
10. another kind of air conditioner ground, it is characterized in that: make progress successively by the self-leveling cement mortar levelling floor or cement mortar tack coat (51) and the shop composite insulation boards (64) thereon that are layered on the floor, structure building from the flooring deck, circulating water pipe (53), raised flooring (66), and cavity ventilation floor (34) and cavity air intake baseboard (55) formation around the breast skirt place air chimney (7), ground.It is applicable to various industry and civilian construction.Described composite insulation boards (64), the same composite insulation boards of its feature (52), but to some extent difference be that the no groove of composite insulation boards (64) (62), circulating water pipe are directly to be layered on above the warming plate, therefore, approach 20mm than composite insulation boards (52).
11. raised flooring according to claim 9 (66) is characterized in that: it is composited by the finish coat (68) that adheres to for rectangle or square flute profile basal plate (67) and upper end face thereof.The feature of described flute profile basal plate (67) is, its horizontal left and right sides is the built on stilts flute profile leg wing, its leg wing outside be respectively concave-convex (69 and 70) mutually to edge fit, and on recessed end limit, left side, have a screw (71) every 100~600mm, in addition, laterally between the built on stilts flute profile leg wing in the left and right sides, every 80~300mm be parallel to the flute profile leg wing be provided with together with the both sides leg wing with high ribs (72); Its vertical rear and front end does not have the built on stilts flute profile leg wing, and side plate face interface is a tongue and groove shape on it; The flute profile basal plate is made with moulding wood or fortifying fibre cement increased pressure board or reinforced concrete prefabricated forming, also comprising with materials such as plastics or plastic-steel or glass fiber reinforced plastic or various metal sheets; Described finish coat (68) comprises sheet materials such as solid wood plate, veneer, face brick, stone material plate, plastic plate or various metal sheets, or coated paint facing, or does not have the intrinsic true qualities facing of basal plate of surperficial finish coat.It not only can be used for ground but also can be used for body of wall.It also comprises the raised flooring that has only the built on stilts flute profile leg wing in the horizontal left and right sides of another kind of no ribs (72).Its mounting method is, with expansion bolt (73) pass screw (71) with supporting seat (60) and building flooring structure fixation in the composite insulation boards of raised flooring flute profile leg wing concave edge (69) below it after, the flute profile leg wing chimb (70) of adjacent panels is inserted concave edge (69) docks and get final product.
12. solar heating air-conditioning wall and mounting method thereof, it is characterized in that: from exterior wall outside order successively inside hollow glass and plastic-steel frame (74) by square or rectangle, be coated with the waveform steel sheet (75) of heat absorbing coating, thick no asbestos fiber cement increased pressure board of galvanized sheet or 6mm (76) and the composite insulation boards (77) that is fixed on the structure outer constitute, the hollow glass inboard that its waveform steel sheet (75) is preceding with parallel, each forms the cavity layer (78 and 79) of one 10~50mm back and parallel galvanized sheet or the thick no asbestos fiber cement increased pressure board of 6mm (76) outside, and is having 1~3 gravity vent that communicates with air supply duct (80) with the lower side of the plastic-steel frame of air supply duct (6) joint; Along opening the hole under the windowsill of window width direction and staying (81) 3~6 of ventilation steel pipe sleeve pipes, its spacing is 100~300mm in the top of cavity layer (79).It is mainly used in exterior wall breast position, also is applicable to other position of exterior wall, but intake and exhaust mouth of pipe reservation position is different; It is not only applicable to the building of structure wall, is applicable to the frame construction of non-structure body of wall and the building of steel work yet.Described waveform steel sheet (75), it is characterized by: it has the wide limit (82) of 10~30mm that engages with the plastic-steel frame for surrounding square or rectangle.It also comprise other two kinds of flap types with plate.Described composite insulation boards (77), the same composite insulation boards of its feature (52), but different be no groove (62).
The mounting method of solar heating air-conditioning wall is characterized in that carrying out according to the following steps successively:
1) with expansion bolt composite insulation boards (77) is fixed on the structure outer;
2) with screw or expansion bolt galvanized sheet or the thick no asbestos fiber cement increased pressure board of 6mm (76) are fixed on the composite insulation boards, and are reserving ventilation steel pipe sleeve pipe (81) along opening the hole under the windowsill of window width direction;
3) with screw waveform steel-sheet surrounding (82) is fixed on the plastic-steel frame;
When 4) using screw, expansion bolt and angle sign indicating number (83) to be fixed on plastic-steel frame (74) on the composite insulation boards supporting seat all around, the gravity vent (80) of plastic-steel frame lower side is connected with casing joint and air supply duct (6), and close with sealing and trimming strip (84) with obturaging around the plastic-steel frame;
5) hollow glass is installed on the plastic-steel frame (74), and the dress sealing strip.
13. another kind of solar heating air-conditioning wall and mounting method thereof, it is characterized in that: from the inside hollow glass (85) in exterior wall outside order successively by square or rectangle, plastic-steel frame (86), be coated with the flap shape steel sheet (87) of heat absorbing coating, PE-RT circulating water pipe (88) and the composite insulation boards (89) that is fixed on the structure outer constitute, the hollow glass inboard that its flap shape steel sheet (87) is preceding with parallel, each forms the cavity layer of 10~50mm (90 and 91) together back the and parallel composite insulation boards outside, and goes out up and down at the PE-RT circulating water pipe, the water inlet interface is reserved with and is attached thereto the steel pipe interface through walls (92 and 93) that connects.It is applicable to each position of exterior wall, and it is not only applicable to the building of structure wall, also is applicable to the frame construction of non-structure body of wall and the building of steel work.Described flap shape steel sheet (87), it is characterized by: it has the wide limit (94) of 10~30mm that engages with the plastic-steel frame for surrounding square or rectangle.It also comprise other two kinds of waveforms with plate.Described composite insulation boards (89), the same composite insulation boards of its feature (52), but different be, no groove (62) also comprises and adopts composite insulation boards (52).
The mounting method of another kind of solar heating air-conditioning wall is characterized in that carrying out according to the following steps successively:
1) with expansion bolt (95) composite insulation boards (89) is fixed on the structure outer;
2) with the U-shaped card PE-RT circulating water pipe (88) is fixed on the composite insulation boards, and the PE-RT circulating water pipe tube head that goes out up and down, intakes is docked with steel pipe interface through walls (92 and 93) respectively;
3) with screw (96) flap shape steel-sheet surrounding (94) is fixed on the plastic-steel frame;
4) use screw, expansion bolt (97) and angle sign indicating number (98) that plastic-steel frame (86) is fixed on the composite insulation boards all around, and obturage thermal-insulating sealing ornamental strip (100) and plastic-steel frame close all around with screw, expansion bolt and angle sign indicating number (99);
5) hollow glass (85) is installed on the plastic-steel frame (86), and the dress sealing strip.
14. air conditioner insulated sound-proof wall and mounting method thereof, it is characterized in that: inwardly constitute from exterior wall outside order successively, and forming the ventilated cavity layer (25 and 30) of twice 20~50mm inside and outside the structure wall between cushion block respectively by compound external wall panel (101), composite insulation boards (102), cushion block (103), structure wall (104), cushion block (105), composite insulation boards (106), composite inner wall plate (107).It is not only applicable to the building of structure wall, is applicable to the frame construction of non-structure body of wall and the building of steel work yet.Described compound external wall panel (101) is characterized in that: it is composited by rectangle or square basal plate (108) and bonding thereon finish coat (109).It comprises the wallboard of the true qualities facing that the basal plate of no finish coat is intrinsic; Comprise that also it is tongue and groove shape or cancavo-convex compound external wall panel that another kind of adjacent edges of boards link.Described basal plate (108) is characterized in that, it is rectangle or square fortifying fibre cement increased pressure board, also comprise with moulding wood or plastics or glass fiber reinforced plastic or stone material plate, or materials such as solid wood or composite wood board or various metal sheets is made; Described finish coat (109) comprises sheet materials such as various metal sheets, face brick, veneer, plastic plate, or coated one deck facing paint etc.Its mounting method is, buckle after the limit withholds adjacent compound external wall panel edges of boards with the both wings of U type anchoring card (110), with expansion bolt (111) with U type anchoring card and composite insulation boards supporting seat (60) and structure wall fixation; Also comprise another kind of without U type anchoring card, but directly with expansion bolt or cement nail (114) with compound external wall panel or inner wall panel (107) mounting method with composite insulation boards supporting seat (60) and structure wall fixation.Described composite insulation boards (102 and 106), the same composite insulation boards of its feature (52), but different be, no groove (62), and (102) in the composite insulation boards outside are thicker than inboard (106).Described composite inner wall plate (107), the same compound external wall panel of its feature (101).The mounting method of air conditioner insulated sound-proof wall is characterized in that carrying out according to the following steps successively:
One, exterior wall is installed
1) cushion block (103) and structure wall are fixed earlier, used expansion bolt (112) to pass screw (65) on the composite insulation boards supporting seat then composite insulation boards (102) and cushion block (103) and structure wall fixation with cement nail;
2) buckle after the limit withholds adjacent compound external wall panel edges of boards with the both wings of U type anchoring card (110), with expansion bolt (111) with U type anchoring card and composite insulation boards supporting seat (60) and structure wall fixation.
Two, interior wall is installed
1) cushion block (105) and structure wall are fixed earlier, used expansion bolt (113) to pass screw (65) on the composite insulation boards supporting seat then composite insulation boards (106) and cushion block (105) and structure wall fixation with cement nail;
2) use expansion bolt (114) or cement nail with composite inner wall plate (107) and composite insulation boards supporting seat (60) and structure wall fixation.
15. pseudo-classic style new type roof and mounting method thereof is characterized in that: upwards successively by the roof boarding or the roof slope making layer (116) that are layered on the roof truss, roofing composite insulation boards (11), modelled after an antique watt (12) constitute from roof construction layer (115).It is applicable to various building in the style of the ancients roofings.Described roofing composite insulation boards (11), it is characterized in that: it is the upper surface of the extruded polystyrene warming plate that is waveform in the thick rectangle of 50~150mm or square upper surface or polystyrene thermal insulation plate (117) and side end face parcel or paste the glass fabricbase aluminium foil (118) of one deck waterproof all around, and in the through hole of the square or rectangle of holding successfully at corrugated sheet trough place adhesion or cast and through hole with big or small supporting seat (119).Its supporting seat spacing: laterally at each trough place or every 1~3 trough place; Vertically downsea line direction is 100~600mm.Described supporting seat is characterized in that: it makes its upper surface radian same waveform plate for square or rectangle by regeneration with waste tire rubber; Its size is with the through hole of plate, and its center position is drilled with spiral shell eye through hole.It comprises with anticorrosion wooden unit or moulds wood or plastics or concrete precast block are made; Also comprise with concrete cast in situs and forming.The mounting method of pseudo-classic style new type roof is characterized in that carrying out according to the following steps successively:
1), at roof truss upper berth roof boarding or at roofing upper berth cement mortar screeding to falls layer (116);
2), pass screw on the roofing composite insulation boards supporting seat (119) with roofing composite insulation boards (11) and roof structure fixation with expansion bolt or cement nail (120);
3), with expansion bolt or cement nail (121) with modelled after an antique watt (12) and composite insulation boards supporting seat (119) and structure wall fixation.
16. according to claim 1 and 14 described modelled after an antique watt (12), it is applicable to various building in the style of the ancients roofings.It is characterized in that: it is rectangle or square; It is by waveform basal plate (122) and surperficial glaze or imitative glaze finish coat (123) formation; Its transverse ends limit is a corresponding tongue and groove shape overlap edge (124 and 125); Its limit, vertical two ends also is drilled with hole for nailing (128) for corresponding tongue and groove shape overlap edge (126 and 127) and at the trough place; The trough place that pressure between vertical limit, two ends is carved with the corrugated modelled after an antique watt of overlap joint baste in 1~6 road (129) also is drilled with hole for nailing (130); Appearance after it is installed is fully with existing building in the style of the ancients roof tile.It comprises the intrinsic true qualities glaze facing of basal plate of no surperficial finish coat.Described basal plate is by comprising fortifying fibre cement increased pressure board or moulding wood or materials such as plastics or GRC or glass fiber reinforced plastic or steel sheet or aluminium alloys or galvanized sheet iron are made.
CN200810180672XA 2008-11-19 2008-11-19 Novel ventilation air-conditioning ecologic building and construction method thereof CN101736818B (en)

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CN104452985A (en) * 2014-12-08 2015-03-25 山东阁林板建材科技有限公司 Environment-friendly construction heat-insulation system
CN104652783B (en) * 2015-01-15 2017-03-29 太原理工大学 A kind of wind heat presses induced multi-channel ventilating insulation system
CN104652783A (en) * 2015-01-15 2015-05-27 太原理工大学 Wind hot pressure induced multichannel ventilating and insulating system
JP2016169556A (en) * 2015-03-13 2016-09-23 株式会社竹中工務店 Building
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