CN101723082A - Flying method of airship and novel airship - Google Patents

Flying method of airship and novel airship Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101723082A
CN101723082A CN 200910214057 CN200910214057A CN101723082A CN 101723082 A CN101723082 A CN 101723082A CN 200910214057 CN200910214057 CN 200910214057 CN 200910214057 A CN200910214057 A CN 200910214057A CN 101723082 A CN101723082 A CN 101723082A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
airship
air
airbag
pressure
chamber
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CN 200910214057
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Chinese (zh)
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易思海
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易思海
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Priority to CN 200910214057 priority Critical patent/CN101723082A/en
Publication of CN101723082A publication Critical patent/CN101723082A/en

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Abstract

The invention provides a flying method of an airship, which enables the airship to fly by regulating the balance of air pressure inside and outside an air bag of the airship and comprises the following steps of: firstly placing the airship in atmosphere; inflating air into a pressure chamber of the air bag so that the air pressure inside the air bag is kept balance with atmospheric pressure outside the air bag, wherein the integral weight of the airship is larger than the air pressure, the airship can not fly; extracting air from a vacuum chamber of the air bag so that the air pressure inside the air bag is smaller than the outside atmospheric pressure and the airship flies; and then propelling the airship to run by a multifunctional power fan. The invention adopts a principle of balancing the air pressure so that the air pressure inside the air bag is smaller than the outside atmospheric pressure and the airship flies and then propels the airship to run by the multifunctional power fan; in addition, the invention has simple structure and safe and environmental-friendly use.

Description

一种飞艇的浮空方法及新型飞艇 A method of floating airship and new airship

背景技术: Background technique:

[0001] 本发明涉及飞艇技术领域,尤其是指一种飞艇的浮空方法及新型飞艇。 [0001] Technical Field The present invention relates to an airship, the airship particularly to a novel method and floating airship. [0002] 背景技术: [0002] BACKGROUND:

[0003] 随着社会的发展需要,飞艇成为空中运输、空中广告宣传、空中摄影等必不可少的飞行工具,传统飞艇大多是在气囊内冲入轻质气体,如价格较低的氢气或价格较贵的氦气等。 [0003] with the needs of social development, to become air airship transport, air advertising, aerial photography and other essential flight instruments, mostly traditional airship is a light gas into the inside of the airbag, such as hydrogen or a lower price price expensive helium. 在使用氢气时,由于氢气是一种易燃易爆的气体,使用极不安全,气囊稍有泄漏就会导致氢气与空气发生反应而爆炸。 When hydrogen is used, since hydrogen is a flammable gas, very insecure, a slight leakage would lead balloon of hydrogen gas reacts with the air blast. 在使用氦气时,虽然使用比较安全,但是氦气的提取难度高,价格昂贵,从而导致飞艇使用成本大大增加,其推广较为困难。 When using helium, although relatively safe, but high helium extraction difficult and expensive, resulting in greatly increased the cost of using airships, its marketing more difficult.

发明内容: SUMMARY:

[0004] 本发明的目的在于克服现有技术的不足,提供一种利用空气的压力平衡来进行浮空的飞艇浮空方法及新型飞艇。 [0004] The object of the present invention is to overcome the disadvantages of the prior art, provides air pressure equalization is performed utilizing a floating method and a novel floating airship airship.

[0005] 为实现上述目的,本发明所提供的技术方案为:一种飞艇的浮空方法,该方法是通过调整飞艇的气囊内外空气压力的平衡来使飞艇浮空,首先,将飞艇置于大气中,将空气充入气囊的压力室内,使气囊内的空气压力与气囊外的大气压力保持均衡,但飞艇整体重量大于空气压力,飞艇不会浮空,此时,抽出气囊的真空室内的空气,使气囊内的空气压力小于外界大气压力,飞艇浮空,然后由多功能动力风机推动飞艇行驶。 [0005] To achieve the above object, the technical solution of the present invention provides: A method for floating airship, the process is to make the floating airship airship by adjusting the balance air pressure inside and outside of the airbag, first, placed airship atmospheric, air into the pressure chamber of the airbag, the air pressure and atmospheric pressure in the airbag outside the airbag balanced, but the air pressure is greater than the overall weight of the airship, the airship will not float, this time, the airbag is drawn in the vacuum chamber air, the air pressure within the gas bag less than ambient atmospheric pressure, floating airship, and then push the multifunctional airship with powered fan.

[0006] 完成上述所述方法的新型飞艇,它包括有气囊、支撑架、空气冲气泵、真空抽气泵, 支撑架位于气囊下端,气囊内设有一个或多个真空室,真空室与气囊之间形成有压力室,气囊尾部设有垂直平衡舵,气囊两侧设有水平平衡舵,空气冲气泵和真空抽气泵分别安装在支撑架上,且分别与压力室的充气口、真空室的抽气口相连接,支撑架上还安装有多功能动力风机。 [0006] The method of the above said novel airship, comprising an airbag support frame, punch air pump, vacuum suction pump, the lower end of the support frame the airbag, the airbag are equipped with one or more vacuum chambers, and the vacuum chamber of the airbag a pressure chamber formed between the air bag is provided with a vertical tail rudders provided on both sides of the balloon inflation port and the pressure chamber, pumping horizontal rudders, impulse air pump and a vacuum exhaust pump are mounted on the support frame, respectively, of the vacuum chamber port is connected to the support frame is also equipped with multi-function powered fan.

[0007] 所述的真空室为多个,径向均匀的分布在气囊内,且多个真空室之间均通过压力室隔开。 Vacuum chamber according to [0007] of a plurality of uniformly distributed radially in the airbag, between the vacuum chamber and are separated by a plurality of pressure chambers.

[000S] 所述的压力室为多个,多个压力室之间通过空气通道相连通。 Pressure chamber [000s] said plurality, between a plurality of pressure chambers communicating through the air passage.

[ooog] 所述的压力室为一个,真空室位于室压力室内。 [Ooog] the pressure chamber is a vacuum chamber pressure in the chamber of the chamber.

[0010] 所述的多功能动力风机为两台,分别安装在支撑架左右两侧。 [0010] The multi-functional power of two fans, are mounted on the left and right sides of the support frame. [0011] 所述的垂直平衡舵位于气囊尾部上端。 The [0011] vertical rudders aft at an upper end of the airbag.

[0012] 在采用了上述方案后,利用平衡空气压力的原理,使用时,将飞艇置于大气中,空气 [0012] With the above embodiment, air pressure using the principle of equilibrium, in use, the airship stand in the atmosphere, the air

自充气口充入气囊的压力室内,使整个气囊充入的空气压力与气囊外的大气压力保持均衡即可。 Since inflation port in the pressure chamber into the airbag, so that the atmospheric pressure outside the entire airbag inflation air pressure of the airbag can be balanced. 此时压力室、真空室和气囊外的大气压平衡,但飞艇整体重量大于空气压力,所以飞艇不会浮空。 At this time, the atmospheric pressure outside the equilibrium chamber, and the vacuum chamber bladder, but the air pressure is greater than the overall weight of the airship, the airship will not float. 此时由抽气口抽出真空室内的空气。 At this time, air in the vacuum chamber is withdrawn from the suction opening. 使气囊内的空气压力小于外界大气压力,使气囊浮空,然后由多功能动力风机推动飞艇行驶,本方案的结构简单,使用安全、环保。 The air pressure within the gas bag less than ambient atmospheric pressure, the balloon floating, then the fan is driven by power multifunctional airship with simple structure of the present embodiment, the use of safety and environmental protection.

附图说明: BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF:

[0013] 图1为本发明整体结构示意图。 [0013] Fig 1 a schematic view of the overall structure of the present invention. [0014] 图2为图1的侧视图。 [0014] FIG. 2 is a side view of FIG.

[0015] 附图标记:l-气囊、2-压力室、3-真空室、4-充气口、5-抽气口、6-空气通道、7-多功能动力风机、8-垂直平衡舵、9-水平平衡舵、10_空气冲气泵、ll-真空抽气泵、12-支撑架。 [0015] reference numerals: l- airbag, the pressure chambers 2-, 3- vacuum chamber, a pneumatic port 4-, 5- suction opening, an air passage 6-, 7- multifunctional power fan, vertical rudders 8-, 9 - horizontal rudders, impulse 10_ air pump, vacuum pump suction LL-, 12 support frame.

具体实施方式: Detailed ways:

[0016] 下面结合附图1和附图2对本发明作进一步说明,本发明的较佳实施例为:本实施例所述所述的方法是通过调整飞艇的气囊1内外空气压力的平衡来使飞艇浮空,首先,将飞艇置于大气中,将空气充入气囊1的压力室2内,使气囊1内的空气压力与气囊l外的大气压力保持均衡,但飞艇整体重量大于空气压力,飞艇不会浮空,此时,抽出气囊1的真空室3内的空气,使气囊1内的空气压力小于外界大气压力,飞艇浮空,然后由多功能动力风机7推动飞艇行驶。 [0016] Figures 1 and 2 of the present invention will be further described below in connection with the accompanying drawings, preferred embodiments of the present invention is: a method according to the embodiment of the present embodiment is balanced by adjusting the air pressure inside and outside of the airship 1 to make the balloon floating airship, first, the airship will be placed in the pressure chamber 2 in the atmosphere, the air charge into the airbag 1, so that the atmospheric pressure outside the air pressure of the airbag in the airbag 1 l balanced, but the air pressure is greater than the overall weight of the airship, the airship will not float, this time, the air in the air bag out of the vacuum chamber 1 to 3, the air pressure inside the bladder 1 is less than ambient atmospheric pressure, floating airship, and multifunctional with powered fan driven airship 7.

[0017] 完成上述所述方法的新型飞艇包括有气囊1,支撑架12位于气囊1下端,气囊1内设有多个真空室3,真空室3径向均匀的分布在气囊1内,多个真空室3之间通过压力室2 分隔。 [0017] The method of the above said novel airship includes an airbag 1, the lower end of the support frame 12 is located in the airbag 1, the airbag 1 equipped with a plurality of vacuum chamber 3, the vacuum chamber 3 radially uniform distribution of the airbag 1, a plurality of between the pressure chamber 3 separated by a second vacuum chamber. 本方案的压力室2为多个,多个压力室2之间通过空气通道6相连通。 A pressure chamber 2 of the present embodiment is a plurality, a plurality of pressure chambers through the air passage 6 between the two communicating. 气囊l尾部设有垂直平衡舵8,气囊1两侧设有水平平衡舵9,水平平衡舵9使飞艇的平衡能力更强,空气冲气泵10和真空抽气泵11分别安装在支撑架12上,且分别与压力室2的充气口4、真空室3的抽气口5相连接,撑架12两端均安装有多功能动力风机7。 L airbag has a vertical tail rudders 8, the airbag 1 is provided on both sides of horizontal rudders 9, 9 so that the horizontal rudders stronger balance airship, the air pump 10 and the punch 11 the vacuum suction pump 12 are mounted on the support frame, and 4 respectively, the vacuum chamber evacuation port 53 is connected to the pressure chamber inflation port 2, the bracket 12 are attached to both ends of the multi-function powered fan 7. 采用本方案后的飞艇结构简单,利用平衡空气压力的原理,使用时,将飞艇置于大气中,空气冲气泵10将空气充入气囊1的压力室2内,使气囊1内的空气压力与气囊1外的大气压力保持均衡,但飞艇整体重量大于空气压力,飞艇不会浮空,此时,真空抽气泵11抽出气囊1的真空室3内的空气, 此时气囊l由压力室2支撑,真空室3与压力室2之间有一个大气压的压差。 Airship after a simple structure according to the present embodiment, the principle of the balancing air pressure, in use, the airship stand in the atmosphere, the air pump 10 air charge punch into the pressure chamber 2 of the airbag 1, the air pressure inside the airbag 1 and atmospheric pressure outside the airbag 1 balanced, but the air pressure is greater than the overall weight of the airship, the airship will not float, this time, the vacuum suction pump 11 extracts air in the balloon 3 of the vacuum chamber 1, the pressure chamber in air bag is supported by a 2 l , one atmosphere differential pressure between the vacuum chamber 2 and the pressure chamber 3. 使气囊l内的空气压力小于外界大气压力,飞艇浮空,然后由多功能动力风机7推动飞艇行驶。 The air pressure within the gas bag l less than ambient atmospheric pressure, floating airship, and multifunctional with powered fan driven airship 7. [0018] 所述的真空室3为一个,采用一个真空室3时,可以使飞艇的生产成本大为降低。 Said vacuum chamber [0018] 3 a, 3 using a vacuum chamber, the production cost can be greatly reduced airship. [0019] 所述的压力室2为一个时,真空室3均位于室压力室2内。 [0019] The pressure chamber 2 is a vacuum chamber pressure in chamber 3 are located inside the chamber 2.

[0020] 所述的气囊1的材料可以为涤纶,尼龙,复合膜+尼龙、复合膜+牛津布或复合膜+降落伞布。 [0020] The material of the balloon 1 may be polyester, nylon, nylon film laminated, the composite film or a composite film Oxford + + parachute cloth.

[0021] 以上所述之实施例只为本发明之较佳实施例,并非以此限制本发明的实施范围, 故凡依本发明之形状、原理所作的变化,均应涵盖在本发明的保护范围内。 Only the preferred embodiment of the present embodiment of the invention [0021] The embodiments of the above, in order not to limit the scope of the present invention, so any changes in shape under this invention, the principle made, should fall in the protection of the present invention range.

Claims (7)

  1. 一种飞艇的浮空方法,其特征在于:该方法是通过调整飞艇的气囊(1)内外空气压力的平衡来使飞艇浮空,首先,将飞艇置于大气中,将空气充入气囊(1)的压力室(2)内,使气囊(1)内的空气压力与气囊(1)外的大气压力保持均衡,但飞艇整体重量大于空气压力,飞艇不会浮空,此时,抽出气囊(1)的真空室(3)内的空气,使气囊(1)内的空气压力小于外界大气压力,飞艇浮空,然后由多功能动力风机(7)推动飞艇行驶。 A method for floating airship, characterized in that: the process is to make the airship by adjusting the air pressure inside and outside the bag balance (1) floating airship, first, the airship stand in the atmosphere, the air charge into the airbag (1 within) a pressure chamber (2), the airbag (airbag air pressure) within 1 (1 atmospheric pressure) outside the balanced, but the air pressure is greater than the overall weight of the airship, the airship will not float, this time, out of the airbag ( air) inside (31) of the vacuum chamber, the air bag (air pressure) in the ambient atmospheric pressure is less than 1, floating airship, and (7) driven by the multifunctional airship with powered fan.
  2. 2. —种新型飞艇,它包括有气囊(1)、支撑架(12)、空气冲气泵(10)、真空抽气泵(11), 其特征在于:支撑架(12)位于气囊(1)下端,气囊(1)内设有至少一个真空室(3),真空室(3)与气囊(1)之间形成有压力室(2),气囊(1)尾部设有垂直平衡舵(S),气囊(1)两侧设有水平平衡舵(9),空气冲气泵(10)和真空抽气泵(11)分别安装在支撑架(12)上,且分别与压力室(2)的充气口(4)、真空室(3)的抽气口(5)相连接,支撑架(12)上还安装有多功能动力风机(7)。 2. - new type airship, comprising an airbag (1), the support frame (12), punching the air pump (10), a vacuum exhaust pump (11), characterized in that: the support frame (12) the airbag (1) lower formed between the airbag (1) is provided with at least one vacuum chamber (3), the vacuum chamber (3) and the airbag (1) a pressure chamber (2), the airbag (1) is provided with a vertical tail rudders (S), the airbag (1) on both sides with horizontal rudders (9), an air pump punch (10) and the vacuum suction pump (11) are mounted on the support frame (12), and each pressure chamber (2) of the inflation port ( 4), the vacuum chamber (3) of the suction opening (5) is connected to the support frame (12) is also attached to the multifunction powered fan (7).
  3. 3. 根据权利要求2所述的一种新型飞艇,其特征在于:真空室(3)为多个,径向均匀的分布在气囊(1)内,且多个真空室(3)之间均通过压力室(2)隔开。 3. A novel airship according to claim 2, characterized in that: a vacuum chamber (3) into a plurality of, radially evenly distributed within the balloon (1), both between the vacuum chamber and a plurality (3) (2) separated by a pressure chamber.
  4. 4. 根据权利要求2所述的一种新型飞艇,其特征在于:压力室(2)为多个,多个压力室(2)之间通过空气通道(6)相连通。 4. A novel airship according to claim 2, wherein: communicating between the pressure chamber (2) is a plurality, a plurality of pressure chambers (2) through the air passage (6).
  5. 5. 根据权利要求2所述的一种新型飞艇,其特征在于:压力室(2)为一个,真空室(3) 位于室压力室(2)内。 5. A novel airship according to claim 2, characterized in that: a pressure chamber (2) to a vacuum chamber (3) located within the chamber pressure in chamber (2).
  6. 6. 根据权利要求2所述的一种新型飞艇,其特征在于:多功能动力风机(7)为两台,分别安装在支撑架(12)左右两侧。 A new type of airship according to claim 2, wherein: the multifunction powered fan (7) of the two, are mounted on the support frame (12) left and right sides.
  7. 7. 根据权利要求2所述的一种新型飞艇,其特征在于:垂直平衡舵(8)位于气囊(1)尾部上端。 A new airship according to claim 2, wherein: a vertical balance rudder (8) located at the upper end of the tail of the airbag (1).
CN 200910214057 2009-12-22 2009-12-22 Flying method of airship and novel airship CN101723082A (en)

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Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102205876A (en) * 2010-12-22 2011-10-05 中国特种飞行器研究所 Comprehensive control method for keeping fixed-point height of airship in stratosphere
CN102910279A (en) * 2012-10-10 2013-02-06 杨贻方 Vacuum airship
CN105383677A (en) * 2015-11-24 2016-03-09 郭鹏 Long-acting vacuum chamber satellite
CN106114811A (en) * 2016-07-28 2016-11-16 无锡信大气象传感网科技有限公司 A kind of sounding balloon
CN106218852A (en) * 2016-07-28 2016-12-14 无锡信大气象传感网科技有限公司 A kind of using method of sounding balloon
CN106314750A (en) * 2016-08-25 2017-01-11 成立 Unpowered aircraft
CN107054609A (en) * 2017-04-25 2017-08-18 哈尔滨工业大学 Modularization stratosphere floating island

Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102205876A (en) * 2010-12-22 2011-10-05 中国特种飞行器研究所 Comprehensive control method for keeping fixed-point height of airship in stratosphere
CN102910279A (en) * 2012-10-10 2013-02-06 杨贻方 Vacuum airship
CN105383677A (en) * 2015-11-24 2016-03-09 郭鹏 Long-acting vacuum chamber satellite
CN106114811A (en) * 2016-07-28 2016-11-16 无锡信大气象传感网科技有限公司 A kind of sounding balloon
CN106218852A (en) * 2016-07-28 2016-12-14 无锡信大气象传感网科技有限公司 A kind of using method of sounding balloon
CN106314750A (en) * 2016-08-25 2017-01-11 成立 Unpowered aircraft
CN107054609A (en) * 2017-04-25 2017-08-18 哈尔滨工业大学 Modularization stratosphere floating island
CN107054609B (en) * 2017-04-25 2019-06-04 哈尔滨工业大学 Modularization stratosphere floating island

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