CN101720656A - Substrate-cultivating method for potted apples - Google Patents

Substrate-cultivating method for potted apples Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101720656A
CN101720656A CN200810152314A CN200810152314A CN101720656A CN 101720656 A CN101720656 A CN 101720656A CN 200810152314 A CN200810152314 A CN 200810152314A CN 200810152314 A CN200810152314 A CN 200810152314A CN 101720656 A CN101720656 A CN 101720656A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
potted
apple
substrate culture
nutrient solution
liquid
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN200810152314A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张晓玉
李树海
刘洪章
杨丽芳
高扬
贾爱军
樊春芬
胡忠惠
张芝萍
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Tianjin Forestry and Fruit Tree Institute
Original Assignee
Tianjin Forestry and Fruit Tree Institute
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Tianjin Forestry and Fruit Tree Institute filed Critical Tianjin Forestry and Fruit Tree Institute
Priority to CN200810152314A priority Critical patent/CN101720656A/en
Publication of CN101720656A publication Critical patent/CN101720656A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • Y02P60/216

Abstract

The invention relates to a new substrate-cultivating method for potted apples. The production process thereof comprises the following steps of: cultivating seedlings, screening plants, preparing a substrate, preparing nutrient solution, irrigating the nutrient solution and the like. The produced potted apples cultivated by the method have vigorous growth, full flower buds, and fragrant and sweet taste of the fruits; and the method saves water, fertilizer and energy, and opens up a new approach for the development of the apple miniascape industry.

Description

A kind of substrate-cultivating method for potted apples
Technical field
The present invention design is after several organic and inorganic chemistry materials are mixed by a certain percentage, as special matrix planting pot apple, and the method that is aided with the nutrient solution pouring and plant is grown vigorously.
Background technology
Potted apple is a kind of new method of apple cultivation, is the fresh content of penjing art.It has brand-new meaning and important function to aspects such as horticultural gardening, urban construction and family's greenings.In addition, potted apple is improving urban environment, increasing the urban green space area and is providing the aspects such as test data of science to play an important role for scientific research or teaching unit.In potted apple production, exist to be difficult at present carrying, easily produce damage by disease and insect, fruit color not good, produce the nutritional deficiency disease problems such as difficulty that cause bearing fruit, directly affect growing and the potted landscape quality of plant.Aspect foreign exchange earning, because external soil immigration is forbidden on ground such as the U.S., Canada and Australia, the band soil potted landscape of China's traditional mode of production is restricted, fail to enter these markets.So overcoming this type of drawback raising apple potted landscape quality by substrate culture has great significance.
Substrate culture also claims soilless culture (Soilless culture).Be meant without soil, and make cultivation matrix, water a kind of science method of growing plants of complete nutrition liquid then with the organic or inorganic chemical substance.Substrate culture is compared with traditional soil cultivation pattern, and conspicuous advantage is arranged:
Not limited by the soil.Can be on the roof, balcony, corridor, wall and other place cultivate, and enlarged the cultivation scope of penjing plant.
2. growth is fast, stalwartness, and well developed root system, the cycle is short, quality height, the appreciation effect of raising potted landscape.
3. save nutrient, moisture.In the earth culture, the moisture of irrigation loses because of evaporation, loss, seepage mostly.Show that after deliberation the earth culture mode is Duoed 3 times than the substrate culture water consumption.Substrate culture easily replenishes nutrient, and fertilizer cost is reduced.
4. give full play to the shallow strange style of potted landscape, the appreciation effect of outstanding scenery makes the apple potted landscape gracefulness more attractive in appearance that becomes.
5. it is less not have weeds, no nematode, damage by disease and insect, avoids polluting sanitation and hygiene.
6. reduce labor intensity, reduce labour expenditure.The substrate culture potted landscape, the one, save numerous and diverse work of turning over basin, the 2nd, carry light.
The superiority of substrate culture is that after all the artificial root system of plant environment of creating has replaced soil environment, can effectively solve the contradiction of insoluble moisture, air and nutrient supply in traditional soil cultivation, crop root is under the optimum environmental condition, thus the appreciation effect of maximum performance penjing plant.
Summary of the invention
The substrate culture method that the purpose of this invention is to provide a kind of potted apple.Be to mix the back as main cultivation matrix with special ratios, be aided with the nutrient solution cultivation method of pouring regularly with the peat composed of rotten mosses, perlite, vermiculite.
Technical scheme of the present invention is:
(1) cultivates nursery stock
Apple seedling is planted in the field, can be during the seedling growth, turn round the tip, spray method control plant height such as chemical agent and be no more than 70cm by pinching, and turn out an amount of side shoot and make it to satisfy the required branch amount of apple potted landscape moulding.
(2) screening plant
Be chosen in the healthy and strong nursery stock (require trunk diameter 〉=2cm, the branch amount is enriched, and is easy to moulding) of field growing 2-3, go up basin February in spring to April.Before the last basin nursery stock root soil water is washed down, cut old root, weak root, promote new root to sprout.
(3) preparation matrix
1. select the high-quality peat composed of rotten mosses, perlite, vermiculite (sheet footpath 3-5mm) to mix in 3: 1: 1 ratios.
The cultivation matrix physical and chemical index
2. after above-mentioned material being mixed, carry out disinfection.Sterilization method 1: matrix divided be layered on the ground, tanned by the sun in the sun 2-3 days.Method 2: with 40~50 times of 40% formaldehyde dilutions, and it evenly is sprayed on the matrix that mixes, covered 24 hours, can use in air-dry two weeks after throwing off film with plastic film.
(4) go up the basin field planting
Select the flowerpot of 30-35cm bore, bottom discharge port lid one tile will be pruned good plant field planting in flowerpot, and the matrix of filling is apart from about the basin mouth 3cm.Water after the field planting at once one time permeable, place in the cool.
(5) preparation nutrient solution
A liquid: Na 2-EDTA 20mg/L FeSO 47H 2O 20mg/L
B liquid: H 3BO 33mg/L MnSO 44H 2O 2.1mg/L ZnSO 47H 2O0.22mg/L
CuSO 4·7H 2O 0.08mg/L (NH 4) 2MnO 4 0.02mg/L
C liquid: Ca (NO 3) 2960mg/L
D liquid: KNO 31200mg/L KH 2PO 4320mg/L MgSO 4190mg/L
(6) pouring nutrient solution
Water one time of nutrition liquid weekly since late April.A, B, four kinds of nutrient solutions of C, D are mixed the back pouring according to given concentration equal-volume, and each every basin waters 1L, and all the other times normally water.Entering resting stage can stop to water nutrient solution.
Specific embodiment
The above is an exemplary embodiments.
Take the apple potted landscape of above cultivation mode plantation, the tree bulk-growth is vigorous, and bud enriches full, compares no significant difference by calculating average percentage of fertile fruit with the percentage of fertile fruit under the soil cultivation pattern, and tree body damage by disease and insect reduces; Every basin water consumption decreased average 65% under the substrate culture pattern, average weight reduces 50%.
Advantage of the present invention is:
1, overcome that soil easily hardens in the traditional cultivation pattern, nutrition supply is unbalanced, grows easily the drawbacks such as a large amount of germs, insect pest, and root system of plant is under the environmental condition of optimum growth.
2, water-saving is economized fertilizer, energy savings. Under Artificial Control, guarantee the supply of moisture and nutrient to greatly reduce seepage, loss, volatilization and the evaporation of liquid manure in the soil cultivation by the scientific management of nutrient solution.
3, the material method that adopts meets current environmental protection, efficient, energy-conservation principle, and the new way of having opened up the apple bonsai industry development is expected to obtain good social benefit.

Claims (7)

1. the substrate culture method of a potted apple is characterized in that: be to mix the back as main cultivation matrix with the peat composed of rotten mosses, perlite, vermiculite with special ratios, be aided with the nutrient solution cultivation method of pouring regularly.
2. the substrate culture method of potted apple according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: when cultivating nursery stock, apple seedling is planted in the field, during this time can be by pinching, turn round the tip, spray method control plant height such as chemical agent and be no more than 70cm, turn out an amount of side shoot and make it to satisfy the required branch amount of apple potted landscape moulding.
3. the substrate culture method of potted apple according to claim 1 is characterized in that: during the screening plant, be chosen in the healthy and strong nursery stock (require trunk diameter 〉=2cm, the branch amount is enriched, and is easy to moulding) of field growing 2-3, go up basin February in spring to April.Before the last basin nursery stock root soil water is washed down, cut old root, weak root, promote new root to sprout.
4. the substrate culture method of potted apple according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: cultivation medium formula and physical and chemical index meet following requirement.
The high-quality peat composed of rotten mosses, perlite, vermiculite (sheet footpath 3-5 millimeter) mix in 3: 1: 1 ratios.
The cultivation matrix physical and chemical index
5. the substrate culture method of potted apple according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: nutrient solution prescription is as follows
A liquid: Na 2-EDTA 20mg/L FeSO 47H 2O 20mg/L
B liquid: H 3BO 33mg/L MnSO 44H 2O 2.1mg/L ZnSO 47H 2O0.22mg/L
CuSO 4·7H 2O?0.08mg/L (NH 4) 2MnO 4 0.02mg/L
C liquid: Ca (N0 3) 2960mg/L
D liquid: KNO 31200mg/L KH 2PO 4320mg/L MgSO 4190mg/L.
6. the substrate culture method of potted apple according to claim 1 is characterized in that: pouring nutrient solution method is, waters one time of nutrition liquid weekly since late April.A, B, four kinds of nutrient solutions of C, D are mixed the back pouring according to given concentration equal-volume, and each every basin waters 1L, and all the other times normally water.Entering resting stage stops to water nutrient solution.
7. potted apple according to claim 1 is characterized in that: the tree bulk-growth is vigorous, and bud enriches full, and average percentage of fertile fruit is compared no significant difference with the percentage of fertile fruit under the soil cultivation pattern, and tree body damage by disease and insect is few; Every basin water consumption reduces 65% under the substrate culture pattern, and average weight reduces 50%.
CN200810152314A 2008-10-14 2008-10-14 Substrate-cultivating method for potted apples Pending CN101720656A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN200810152314A CN101720656A (en) 2008-10-14 2008-10-14 Substrate-cultivating method for potted apples

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN200810152314A CN101720656A (en) 2008-10-14 2008-10-14 Substrate-cultivating method for potted apples

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN101720656A true CN101720656A (en) 2010-06-09

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN200810152314A Pending CN101720656A (en) 2008-10-14 2008-10-14 Substrate-cultivating method for potted apples

Country Status (1)

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102659479A (en) * 2012-05-08 2012-09-12 山东省农业科学院玉米研究所 Medium and method for culturing potted corn
CN102972268A (en) * 2012-11-28 2013-03-20 吴太平 Method for potting and selling apples after being outdoor grown
CN103570441A (en) * 2012-08-03 2014-02-12 天津绿动植物营养技术开发有限公司 Nutrient solution for adjusting growth of Malus sieversii
CN104262044A (en) * 2014-08-28 2015-01-07 凤阳县兴科农业生态发展有限公司 Perlite compounded organic fertilizer suitable for apple tree planting and preparation method thereof

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102659479A (en) * 2012-05-08 2012-09-12 山东省农业科学院玉米研究所 Medium and method for culturing potted corn
CN103570441A (en) * 2012-08-03 2014-02-12 天津绿动植物营养技术开发有限公司 Nutrient solution for adjusting growth of Malus sieversii
CN103570441B (en) * 2012-08-03 2015-03-25 天津绿动植物营养技术开发有限公司 Nutrient solution for adjusting growth of Malus sieversii
CN102972268A (en) * 2012-11-28 2013-03-20 吴太平 Method for potting and selling apples after being outdoor grown
CN104262044A (en) * 2014-08-28 2015-01-07 凤阳县兴科农业生态发展有限公司 Perlite compounded organic fertilizer suitable for apple tree planting and preparation method thereof

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Application publication date: 20100609

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