CN101720619A - Bionic cultivation method of gentiana straminea maxim - Google Patents

Bionic cultivation method of gentiana straminea maxim Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN101720619A
CN101720619A CN201010028071A CN201010028071A CN101720619A CN 101720619 A CN101720619 A CN 101720619A CN 201010028071 A CN201010028071 A CN 201010028071A CN 201010028071 A CN201010028071 A CN 201010028071A CN 101720619 A CN101720619 A CN 101720619A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
soil
planting
straminea maxim
gentiana straminea
seed
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
CN201010028071A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN101720619B (en
Inventor
李福安
魏全嘉
李永平
田丰
李建民
王有庆
王祖训
辛存岳
童丽
张得钧
俞科贤
李向阳
刘泽华
李宗仁
刘占厚
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
MEDICAL COLLEGE OF QINGHAI UNI
MEDICAL COLLEGE OF QINGHAI UNIVERSITY
Original Assignee
MEDICAL COLLEGE OF QINGHAI UNI
MEDICAL COLLEGE OF QINGHAI UNIVERSITY
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by MEDICAL COLLEGE OF QINGHAI UNI, MEDICAL COLLEGE OF QINGHAI UNIVERSITY filed Critical MEDICAL COLLEGE OF QINGHAI UNI
Priority to CN2010100280714A priority Critical patent/CN101720619B/en
Publication of CN101720619A publication Critical patent/CN101720619A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN101720619B publication Critical patent/CN101720619B/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Abstract

The invention relates to a cultivation method of plateau plants, in particular to a bionic cultivation method of gentiana straminea maxim. The method comprises the following steps of: (1) selecting a gentiana straminea maxim planting base; (2) selecting land and treating soil; (3) preparing seeds; (4) planting; (5) building a meshy fence around the planting base when planting the gentiana straminea maxim in pastoral regions at a higher altitude; suppressing weeds as well as preventing and controlling rodents; and overwintering; and (6), harvesting and primarily processing medicinal herbs. Compared with the traditional gentiana planting method, the bionic cultivation method of the gentiana straminea maxim has the advantages that: 1. the incidence rate of annual weeds in the soil with the depth of less than 10cm can be reduced without ploughing (non-tillage) and stirring the soil when planting, thereby saving the cost; 2. the weeding control is carried out before planting by utilizing biopesticide herbicides with short residue longevity so as to suppress perennial weeds, the gentiana is easy to germinate under the overshading and water-retention of withered and yellow weeds, and the germination speed of the germinate is faster than that of the conventional method at cold areas; and 3. the mechanical cutting is adopted for weeding without pollution, thereby saving the weeding cost.

Description

A kind of bionic cultivation method of gentiana straminea maxim
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of plateau plant cultivation method, saying so to concrete analysis relates to a kind of bionic cultivation method of gentiana straminea maxim.
Background technology
Bark of ash class plant is used existing history remote inside and outside car.Gentiana straminea maxim (Gentiana stramineaMaxim.) is the important traditional medicinal plant of bark of ash that Pharmacopoeia of People's Republic of China (version in 2005) is included, and also is one of common Tibetan medicine floristics, and Tibetan medicine is called " separating Ji Gabao ".Contain gentiamarin, when compositions such as the bitter glycosides of medicine, chiratin, gentianidine, malol, volatile oil and polysaccharide.Have effects such as wind-damp dispelling, stopping numbness pain, easypro channels and collaterals, clearing away damp-heat, reducing the asthenic fever, be mainly used in treatment arthralgia due to wind-dampness, osteopyrexia and fever, jaundice with damp-heat pathogen etc.Along with the further investigation of bark of ash chemical composition, the medical value of bark of ash also more and more comes into one's own.
Qinghai " sources of three rivers " district is the genuine producing region of wild gentiana straminea maxim.Because sources of three rivers area height above sea level, temperature is low, plant growing is slow, year increment is little, gentiana straminea maxim vegetative period is than regional prolongation 1~2 year that needs of river water.
Owing to excessively excavate, indiscriminate felling of trees in addition, environmental destruction, the distribution area of gentiana straminea maxim constantly dwindles, and the resource reserves sharply descend, thus the wild resource of gentiana straminea maxim supply falls short of demand, patent " introduction and cultivation method of gentiana straminea maxim plant " formerly, the patent No.: ZL03134966.8 provides the introducing and cultivating technology of a kind of gentiana straminea maxim plant, and this technology comprises seed processing technology, artificial breeding technique and introducing and cultivating technology.The present invention handles by the gentiana straminea maxim plant seed being carried out physics and chemical method, and the plant seed germination rate is reached more than 70%; By the artificial breeding approach, can according to seedling quantity and season needs, high quality seedling is provided effectively; By transplanting or the seed sowing approach in the artificial breeding original producton location of height above sea level 1500-4500 rice, the stock number of quick-recovery gentiana straminea maxim soon, and guarantee medical material quanlity and the effective component of gentiana straminea maxim plant effectively.Patent " introduction and cultivation method of bark of ash plant " formerly, the patent No.: 031346.7.3 provides a kind of seed processing technology, artificial breeding technique and introducing and cultivating technology of comprising; The present invention is by carrying out physics and chemical treatment to seed, and the germination rate of plant seed reaches more than 70%; By the artificial breeding approach, can according to seedling quantity and season needs, high quality seedling is provided effectively; The approach of transplanting by or artificial breeding live in the original producton location of height above sea level 1500-4300 rice, the stock number of the wild gentiana straminea maxim plant in quick-recovery plateau soon, and guarantee medical material quanlity and the effective component of plateau wild plant effectively.And, have not yet to see record about the bionic cultivation method of gentiana straminea maxim plant.
Summary of the invention
The object of the present invention is to provide a kind of near the bionic cultivation method of gentiana straminea maxim of planting growth naturally.
A kind of bionic cultivation method of gentiana straminea maxim of the present invention is achieved by following technical proposals: a kind of bionic cultivation method of gentiana straminea maxim of the present invention comprises the steps:
1) selection of gentiana straminea maxim planting base
According to ecological conditions such as wild gentiana straminea maxim area height above sea level, weather, soil, the bionical planting site of gentiana straminea maxim will be chosen in height above sea level 2900-4000m, year about 0 ℃ of samming, annual precipitation 〉=500mm; Around the planting site industrial enterprise must not be arranged, more than A-road line 50m, the dusty gas discharging must not be arranged within the uptake 10km, also flue dust and dust must not be arranged, air quality will meet the one-level of GB3095-1996 ambient air quality to secondary standard;
Gentiana straminea maxim is wider to the accommodation of soil, and high mountain cold desert soil, alpine meadow soil, alpine steppe soil, mountain meadow soil, grey cinnamonic soil, chestnut soil and mountain forest soil all can be planted; Soil layer is deep, and soil organic matter content is at 2%-4%, more than the quick-acting nitrogen 60mg/kg, more than the rapid available phosphorus 15mg/kg, more than the available potassium 100mg/kg; Between the P in soil H value 7-8.3; Every content of beary metal and residue of pesticide figureofmerit should meet GB5618-1995 soil index binomial standard in the soil;
2) choosing ground and soil treatment
Arable land, abandoned land or meadow are selected in the bionical plantation of gentiana straminea maxim; When interplanting on ploughing in the agricultural region, preceding stubble and this season crop should be gramineous forage grass or gramineous crops such as oat; Plantation prescinds preceding crop or herbage the previous year, shifts out the arable land, and bare area is survived the winter, to improve ground temperature, to promote quick-actingization of nutrient;
Broadcast preceding weeding: about weed control height degree 20cm, before not blooming as yet, utilize 10% glyphosate of low-residual in the planting site, use 1000-2000ml for every mu, go out and remove annual and perennial weed; Spraying should be carried out at fine day, the mist pearl is little, the spraying even; Should add weight percentage during medication in the glyphosate and be 0.1% washing powder, or every mu of consumption adds to strengthen spread, permeability and the adhesion strength of medicine, improves 30 gram diesel oil of preventive effect; The spray medicine can be planted gentiana straminea maxim after one week;
3) seed is prepared
During the establishing in large scale gentiana straminea maxim, seed is mainly gathered from the gentiana straminea maxim plant of the stalwartness of artificial planting, requires seed full; Seed purity 〉=95%; Thousand kernel weight is not less than 0.20g, or the above grain of screening aperture 0.30mm sieve; Vitality is not less than 85%, and germination rate is not less than 70%, and cleanliness is not less than 95%, and water content is not higher than 10%; Has nomospermous color and luster smell simultaneously, no insect pest, the plague of rats;
Sowing seed the previous day soaks with the 500mg/kg Gibberellins solution, stirred once every 6 hours, elimination soak behind the 24h, become clear with flushing with clean water 2 to 3 times, water to be cleaned, spread airing half a day out, 10-20 spun yarn or dry ground doubly with seed weight stirs, and extended volume is beneficial to sowing evenly;
4) sowing
Sowing time be late May to late June, can sow after one week spraying glyphosate; Planting patterns is no-tillage broadcasting sowing or drilling, and seeding quantity is 7.5-15kg/hm 2Will through processing be mixed with fine sand the seed uniform broadcasting on the soil of handling through glyphosate, a kind of farm tools ground falls under the withered grass seed subsequently, shows in intimate contact.Withered weeds can play the effect of sunshade soil moisture conservation at the bark of ash seed germination and after emerging;
When 5) the higher pastoral region of height above sea level is planted gentiana straminea maxim, answer the networking fence around the planting site: set up netting fence then in sowing, prevent the livestock trample;
Suppress weeds: artificial mechanism cradles weeding before planting early August seed prematurity then, requires close proximity to ground to cradle; Begin manually to cradle in mid-June, second, begins conservative grazing mid-July, with expose the gentiana straminea maxim blade, suppress weeds, most of gentiana straminea maxim do not stepped on mashed being as the criterion; Gentiana straminea maxim was grown up in the 3rd year, the 4th year, can conservative grazing cattle and sheep livestock, and to weed a garden, cattle and sheep ight soil increases the soil organic matter and fertility;
The control plague of rats: utilize the D BOTULINUM TOXIN TYPE aquatic organism preparation control plague of rats that kills mouse: 1,000 ten thousand malicious valency/mL
The D BOTULINUM TOXIN TYPE aquatic organism preparation that kills mouse is made poison bait and is prevented and treated; By the hole bait throwing in, 15~20 of hole daily ration, feeding quantities; Or with the artificial bow and arrow method control plague of rats;
Survive the winter: snowfall covers naturally;
6) medicinal material is gathered and preliminary working
The gentiana straminea maxim plant of planting 3 years can generally blossom and bear fruit, the seed natural propagation that comes off; Plant spacing sparsely sheet should manually be reseeded.
Plantation 4-5 can excavate the medicinal material of having become a useful person.Gathering and process technology employing DB/T555.4-2005 bark of ash production operation rule the 4th part of gentiana straminea maxim: medicinal material is gathered and preliminary working technology (SOP).
A kind of bionic cultivation method of gentiana straminea maxim of the present invention has following beneficial effect compared with prior art: the traditional Chinese medicine bionic cultivation is a kind of ecologic planting pattern, is multi-disciplinary intersection and fusions such as Chinese pharmacology, agronomy, horticulture, ecology, agricultural engineering and management.Relatively nervous in resource, that ecotope goes from bad to worse today, carry out the traditional Chinese medicine bionic cultivation, for the sustainable use that guarantees natural resources of Chinese medicinal materials, improve the cultivation quality of medicinal material, improve the ecological environment and realize that the harmonious coexistence of man and nature has huge and profound significance, prospect is very wide, develops also more and more rapidlyer, will become a brand-new subject surely.
The bionic cultivation method is a kind of, environmental protection, high-quality, low cost, medium-height grass (Tibetan) pharmacopoeia method for planting easy and simple to handle, and gentiana straminea maxim is as the genunie medicinal materials in Qinghai, and its normal region is in the area of height above sea level 2900-4000m.This district is in pastoral area and farming-pastoral region.Traditional bark of ash plantation (ploughing-interplant sowing-field pipe) has run into that temperature is low, frost-free season lacks, weeds are many, interplant cropping intensity is difficult to difficult problems such as control.According in recent years in the experience of this district plantation gentiana straminea maxim, utilize in the viewpoint of the bionical plantation of Tibetan medicine, a kind of new kind method for planting of gentiana straminea maxim in the bionical plantation in normal region proposed.Its advantage of comparing with traditional bark of ash plantation is:
1, the incidence that (no-tillage) do not stir soil, can reduce annual weed in the following soil of 10cm is not ploughed in plantation, saves cost;
2, utilize short biopesticide weed killer herbicide of the longevity of residure to carry out weeding before broadcasting, can suppress perennial weed, wait until that weeds are withered and yellow, herbicide residue after disappearing broadcasts sowing gentiana straminea maxim in the face of land, withered and yellow weeds are sheltered from heat or light to preserve soil moisture and are beneficial to the bark of ash germination; Emerge soon than conventional method in the area that temperature is low.
3, weeding adopts machinery to cradle, and is pollution-free.Save the weeding cost.
4, bionical plantation and general planting bark of ash amount of growth are relatively.
Planting patterns The density of emerging is (individual/m 2) The number of sheets (individual) Leaf long (cm) Leaf wide (cm) Root long (cm) Rhizome thick (cm) Complete stool fresh weight (g/ strain) Overground part fresh weight (g/ strain)
Bionical ??206±??17.9 ??6.19±??1.60 ??5.32±??1.61 ??1.00±??0.33 ??14.21??±2.44 ??0.24±??0.07 ??0.55±??0.40 ??0.31±??0.23
Turn over ??148±??24.3 ??5.83±??1.22 ??6.32±??1.49 ??0.92±??0.32 ??10.20??±3.08 ??0.23±??0.05 ??0.47±??0.20 ??0.26±??0.11
Bionical increment (%) ??39.19 ??6.17 ??18.80 ??9.32 ??17.00 ??9.00 ??18.19 ??18.88
Bionic cultivation is owing to be seeded in ground surface, have again withered weeds shade, more near gentiana straminea maxim grows wild environment, gentiana straminea maxim emergence rate height (being higher than the plantation 39.19% of turning over), emerge evenly, standard deviation is less than the plantation of turning over.It is fast to emerge, and growth of seedling is fast, and main performance has: the number of sheets, leaf is long, leaf is wide, root is long, rhizome is thick, the complete stool fresh weight all be higher than traditional plant 9~18.88%.The present invention is applicable to the bionic cultivation of bark of ash, gentiana straminea maxim plant.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with embodiment a kind of bionic cultivation method of gentiana straminea maxim technical scheme of the present invention is further described.
A kind of bionic cultivation method of gentiana straminea maxim of the present invention comprises the steps:
1) selection of gentiana straminea maxim planting base
Get ecological conditions such as height above sea level, weather, soil according to wild gentiana straminea maxim distribution, the bionical planting site of gentiana straminea maxim will be chosen in height above sea level 2900-4000m, year about 0 ℃ of samming, annual precipitation 〉=500mm; Around the planting site industrial enterprise must not be arranged, more than A-road line 50m, the dusty gas discharging must not be arranged within the uptake 10km, also flue dust and dust must not be arranged, air quality will meet the one-level of GB3095-1996 ambient air quality to secondary standard;
Gentiana straminea maxim is wider to the accommodation of soil, and high mountain cold desert soil, alpine meadow soil, alpine steppe soil, mountain meadow soil, grey cinnamonic soil, chestnut soil and mountain forest soil all can be planted; Soil layer is deep, and soil organic matter content is at 2%-4%, more than the quick-acting nitrogen 60mg/kg, more than the rapid available phosphorus 15mg/kg, more than the available potassium 100mg/kg; Between the P in soil H value 7-8.3; Every content of beary metal and residue of pesticide figureofmerit should meet GB5618-1995 soil index binomial standard in the soil;
2) choosing ground and soil treatment
Arable land, abandoned land or meadow are selected in the bionical plantation of gentiana straminea maxim; When interplanting on ploughing in the agricultural region, preceding stubble and this season crop should be gramineous forage grass or gramineous crops such as oat; Plantation prescinds preceding crop or herbage the previous year, shifts out the arable land, and bare area is survived the winter, to improve ground temperature, to promote quick-actingization of nutrient;
Broadcast preceding weeding: about weed control height degree 20cm, before not blooming as yet, utilize 10% glyphosate of low-residual in the planting site, use 1000-2000ml for every mu, go out and remove annual and perennial weed; Spraying should be carried out at fine day, the mist pearl is little, the spraying even; Should add weight percentage during medication in the glyphosate and be 0.1% washing powder, or every mu of consumption adds 30 gram diesel oil with spread, permeability, adhesion strength and the raising preventive effect that strengthens medicine; The spray medicine can be planted gentiana straminea maxim after one week;
3) seed is prepared
During the establishing in large scale gentiana straminea maxim, seed is mainly gathered from the gentiana straminea maxim plant of the stalwartness of artificial planting, requires seed full; Seed purity 〉=95%; Thousand kernel weight is not less than 0.20g, or the above grain of screening aperture 0.30mm sieve; Vitality is not less than 85%, and germination rate is not less than 70%, and cleanliness is not less than 95%, and water content is not higher than 10%; Has nomospermous color and luster smell simultaneously, no insect pest, the plague of rats;
Sowing seed the previous day soaks with the 500mg/kg Gibberellins solution, stirred once every 6 hours, elimination soak behind the 24h, become clear with flushing with clean water 2 to 3 times, water to be cleaned, spread airing half a day out, 10-20 spun yarn or dry ground doubly with seed weight stirs, and extended volume is beneficial to sowing evenly;
4) sowing
Sowing time be late May to late June, can sow after one week spraying glyphosate;
Planting patterns is no-tillage broadcasting sowing or drilling, and seeding quantity is 7.5-15kg/hm 2Will through processing be mixed with fine sand the seed uniform broadcasting on the soil of handling through glyphosate, a kind of farm tools ground falls under the withered grass seed subsequently, shows in intimate contact.Withered weeds can play the effect of sunshade soil moisture conservation at the bark of ash seed germination and after emerging;
When 5) the higher pastoral region of height above sea level is planted gentiana straminea maxim, answer the networking fence around the planting site: set up netting fence then in sowing, prevent the livestock trample;
Suppress weeds: artificial mechanism cradles weeding before planting early August seed prematurity then, requires close proximity to ground to cradle; Begin manually to cradle in mid-June, second, begins conservative grazing mid-July, with expose the gentiana straminea maxim blade, suppress weeds, most of gentiana straminea maxim do not stepped on mashed being as the criterion; Gentiana straminea maxim was grown up in the 3rd year, the 4th year, can conservative grazing cattle and sheep livestock, and to weed a garden, cattle and sheep ight soil increases the soil organic matter and fertility;
The control plague of rats: utilize the D BOTULINUM TOXIN TYPE aquatic organism preparation control plague of rats that kills mouse: 1,000 ten thousand malicious valencys/mLD BOTULINUM TOXIN TYPE aquatic organism preparation that kills mouse is made poison bait and is prevented and treated; By the hole bait throwing in, 15~20 of hole daily ration, feeding quantities; Or with the artificial bow and arrow method control plague of rats;
Survive the winter: snowfall covers naturally;
6) medicinal material is gathered and preliminary working
The gentiana straminea maxim plant of planting 3 years can generally blossom and bear fruit, the seed natural propagation that comes off; Plant spacing sparsely sheet should manually be reseeded.
Plantation 4-5 can excavate the medicinal material of having become a useful person.Gathering and process technology employing DB/T555.4-2005 bark of ash production operation rule the 4th part of gentiana straminea maxim: medicinal material is gathered and preliminary working technology (SOP).
Embodiment 1.
The present embodiment bionic cultivation method of gentiana straminea maxim comprises the steps:
1) selection of gentiana straminea maxim planting base
According to ecological conditions such as wild gentiana straminea maxim area height above sea level, weather, soil, the bionical planting site of gentiana straminea maxim is chosen in height above sea level 2900m, year 0.6 ℃ of samming, annual precipitation 509mm; There is not industrial enterprise around the planting site, apart from A-road line 2000m, pollution-free gas discharging, no flue dust and dust within the uptake 10km, air quality will meet the one-level of GB3095-1996 ambient air quality to secondary standard;
Soil types is a chestnut soil, and soil layer is deep, soil organic matter content 96.5%, total soil nitrogen 4.92g/kg, rapid available phosphorus 6mg/kg, available potassium 148mg/kg; P in soil H value 7.2; Every content of beary metal and residue of pesticide figureofmerit should meet GB5618-1995 soil index binomial standard in the soil;
2) choosing ground and soil treatment
Select to plough in the planting base, preceding stubble is a highland barley, and plantation prescinds preceding stubble highland barley the previous year, shifts out the arable land, and bare area is survived the winter, to improve ground temperature, to promote quick-actingization of nutrient;
Broadcast preceding weeding: about weed control height degree 20cm, before not blooming as yet, utilize 10% glyphosate of low-residual in the planting site, use 1200ml for every mu, go out and remove annual and perennial weed; Be sprayed at fine day and carry out, add weight percentage during medication in the glyphosate and be 0.1% washing powder, one week of spray medicine back plantation gentiana straminea maxim.
3) seed is prepared
Seed is mainly gathered from the gentiana straminea maxim plant of the stalwartness of artificial planting, and seed is full; Seed purity 〉=95%; Thousand kernel weight 0.28g, vitality 87%, germination rate 75%, cleanliness 95%, water content 8% has nomospermous color and luster smell, no insect pest, the plague of rats;
Sowing seed the previous day soaks with the 500mg/kg Gibberellins solution, stirred once every 6 hours, elimination soak behind the 24h, become clear with flushing with clean water 2 to 3 times, water to be cleaned, spread airing half a day out, 10-20 spun yarn or dry ground doubly with seed weight stirs, and extended volume is beneficial to sowing evenly;
4) sowing
Sowing time is late May, is spraying the back sowing of one week of glyphosate;
Planting patterns is no-tillage broadcasting sowing, and seeding quantity is 7.5kg/hm 2Will through processing be mixed with fine sand the seed uniform broadcasting on the soil of handling through glyphosate, a kind of farm tools ground falls under the withered grass seed subsequently, shows in intimate contact.Withered weeds play the effect of sunshade soil moisture conservation at the bark of ash seed germination and after emerging;
5) answer the networking fence around the planting site: set up netting fence then in sowing, prevent the livestock trample;
Suppress weeds: artificial mechanism cradles weeding before planting early August seed prematurity then, requires close proximity to ground to cradle; Begin manually to cradle in mid-June, second, begins conservative grazing mid-July, with expose the gentiana straminea maxim blade, suppress weeds, most of gentiana straminea maxim do not stepped on mashed being as the criterion; Gentiana straminea maxim was grown up in the 3rd year, the 4th year, can conservative grazing cattle and sheep livestock, and to weed a garden, cattle and sheep ight soil increases the soil organic matter and fertility;
The control plague of rats: utilize the D BOTULINUM TOXIN TYPE aquatic organism preparation control plague of rats that kills mouse: 1,000 ten thousand malicious valencys/mLD BOTULINUM TOXIN TYPE aquatic organism preparation that kills mouse is made poison bait and is prevented and treated; By the hole bait throwing in, 15 of hole daily ration, feeding quantities;
Survive the winter: snowfall covers naturally;
6) medicinal material is gathered and preliminary working
The gentiana straminea maxim plant of planting 3 years can generally blossom and bear fruit, the seed natural propagation that comes off; Plant spacing sparsely sheet should manually be reseeded.
Plant and to excavate the medicinal material of having become a useful person in 4 years.Gathering and process technology employing DB/T555.4-2005 bark of ash production operation rule the 4th part of gentiana straminea maxim: medicinal material is gathered and preliminary working technology (SOP).
Embodiment 2.
The present embodiment bionic cultivation method of gentiana straminea maxim comprises the steps:
1) selection of gentiana straminea maxim planting base
According to ecological conditions such as wild gentiana straminea maxim area height above sea level, weather, soil, the bionical planting site of gentiana straminea maxim is chosen in height above sea level 3000m, year about 0.5 ℃ of samming, annual precipitation 550mm; There is not industrial enterprise around the planting site, apart from A-road line 80m, pollution-free gas discharging, no flue dust and dust within the uptake 10km, air quality will meet the one-level of GB3095-1996 ambient air quality to secondary standard;
Soil types is a mountain meadow soil, and soil layer is deep, and soil organic matter content is 72.4%, total soil nitrogen 2.98g/kg, rapid available phosphorus 5mg/kg, available potassium 174mg/kg; P in soil H value 8.1; Every content of beary metal and residue of pesticide figureofmerit should meet GB5618-1995 soil index binomial standard in the soil;
2) choosing ground and soil treatment
Abandoned land is selected in the planting base, and plantation prescinds preceding stubble herbage the previous year, and bare area is survived the winter, to improve ground temperature, to promote quick-actingization of nutrient;
Broadcast preceding weeding: about weed control height degree 10cm, before not blooming as yet, utilize 10% glyphosate of low-residual in the planting site, use 1500ml for every mu, go out and remove annual and perennial weed; Be sprayed at fine day and carry out, add weight percentage during medication in the glyphosate and be 0.1% washing powder, one week of spray medicine back plantation gentiana straminea maxim;
3) seed is prepared
Seed is mainly gathered from the gentiana straminea maxim plant of the stalwartness of artificial planting, and seed is full; Seed purity 〉=95%; Thousand kernel weight 0.25g, vitality 90%, germination rate 72%, cleanliness 97%, water content 7% has nomospermous color and luster smell, no insect pest, the plague of rats simultaneously;
Sowing seed the previous day soaks with the 500mg/kg Gibberellins solution, stirred once every 6 hours, elimination soak behind the 24h, become clear with flushing with clean water 2 to 3 times, water to be cleaned, spread airing half a day out, 10-20 spun yarn or dry ground doubly with seed weight stirs, and extended volume is beneficial to sowing evenly;
4) sowing
Sowing time is early June, is spraying the back sowing of one week of glyphosate;
Planting patterns is no-tillage broadcasting sowing and drilling, and seeding quantity is 15kg/hm 2Will through processing be mixed with fine sand the seed uniform broadcasting on the soil of handling through glyphosate, a kind of farm tools ground falls under the withered grass seed subsequently, shows in intimate contact.Withered weeds play the effect of sunshade soil moisture conservation at the bark of ash seed germination and after emerging;
5) answer the networking fence around the planting site: set up netting fence then in sowing, prevent the livestock trample;
Suppress weeds: artificial mechanism cradles weeding before planting early August seed prematurity then, requires close proximity to ground to cradle; Begin manually to cradle in mid-June, second, begins conservative grazing mid-July, with expose the gentiana straminea maxim blade, suppress weeds, most of gentiana straminea maxim do not stepped on mashed being as the criterion; Gentiana straminea maxim was grown up in the 3rd year, the 4th year, can conservative grazing cattle and sheep livestock, and to weed a garden, cattle and sheep ight soil increases the soil organic matter and fertility;
The control plague of rats: utilize the D BOTULINUM TOXIN TYPE aquatic organism preparation control plague of rats that kills mouse: 1,000 ten thousand malicious valencys/mLD BOTULINUM TOXIN TYPE aquatic organism preparation that kills mouse is made poison bait and is prevented and treated; By the hole bait throwing in, 20 of hole daily ration, feeding quantities;
Survive the winter: snowfall covers naturally;
6) medicinal material is gathered and preliminary working
The bark of ash plant of planting 3 years can generally blossom and bear fruit, the seed natural propagation that comes off; Plant spacing sparsely sheet should manually be reseeded.
Plant and to excavate the medicinal material of having become a useful person in 4 years.Gathering and process technology employing DB/T555.4-2005 bark of ash production operation rule the 4th part of gentiana straminea maxim: medicinal material is gathered and preliminary working technology (SOP).
Embodiment 3.
The present embodiment bionic cultivation method of gentiana straminea maxim comprises the steps:
1) selection of gentiana straminea maxim planting base
According to ecological conditions such as wild gentiana straminea maxim area height above sea level, weather, soil, the bionical planting site of gentiana straminea maxim is chosen in height above sea level 3600m, year 0.2 ℃ of samming, annual precipitation 660mm; There is not industrial enterprise around the planting site, apart from A-road line 2000m, pollution-free gas discharging, no flue dust and dust within the uptake 10km, air quality will meet the one-level of GB3095-1996 ambient air quality to secondary standard;
Soil types is an alpine meadow soil, and soil layer is deep, and soil organic matter content is 40.9%, total soil nitrogen 1.92g/kg, rapid available phosphorus 14mg/kg, available potassium 241mg/kg; P in soil H value 7.2; Every content of beary metal and residue of pesticide figureofmerit should meet GB5618-1995 soil index binomial standard in the soil;
2) choosing ground and soil treatment
Abandoned land is selected in the planting base; Plantation prescinds preceding stubble herbage the previous year, and bare area is survived the winter, to improve ground temperature, to promote quick-actingization of nutrient;
Broadcast preceding weeding: about weed control height degree 25cm, before not blooming as yet, utilize 10% glyphosate of low-residual in the planting site, use 1500ml for every mu, go out and remove annual and perennial weed; Spraying should be carried out at fine day, adds weight percentage during medication in the glyphosate and be 0.1% washing powder, one week of spray medicine back plantation gentiana straminea maxim;
3) seed is prepared
Seed is mainly gathered from the gentiana straminea maxim plant of the stalwartness of artificial planting, and seed is full, seed purity 〉=95%; Thousand kernel weight 0.25g; Vitality 90%, germination rate 75%, cleanliness 98%, water content 7%; Has nomospermous color and luster smell simultaneously, no insect pest, the plague of rats;
Sowing seed the previous day soaks with the 500mg/kg Gibberellins solution, stirred once every 6 hours, elimination soak behind the 24h, become clear with flushing with clean water 2 to 3 times, water to be cleaned, spread airing half a day out, 10-20 spun yarn or dry ground doubly with seed weight stirs, and extended volume is beneficial to sowing evenly;
4) sowing
Sowing time is mid-June, is spraying the back sowing of one week of glyphosate;
Planting patterns is no-tillage broadcasting sowing, and seeding quantity is 10kg/hm 2Will through processing be mixed with fine sand the seed uniform broadcasting on the soil of handling through glyphosate, a kind of farm tools ground falls under the withered grass seed subsequently, shows in intimate contact.Withered weeds play the effect of sunshade soil moisture conservation at the bark of ash seed germination and after emerging;
5) answer the networking fence around the planting site: set up netting fence then in sowing, prevent the livestock trample;
Suppress weeds: artificial mechanism cradles weeding before planting early August seed prematurity then, requires close proximity to ground to cradle; Begin manually to cradle in mid-June, second, begins conservative grazing mid-July, with expose the gentiana straminea maxim blade, suppress weeds, most of gentiana straminea maxim do not stepped on mashed being as the criterion; Gentiana straminea maxim was grown up in the 3rd year, the 4th year, can conservative grazing cattle and sheep livestock, and to weed a garden, cattle and sheep ight soil increases the soil organic matter and fertility;
The control plague of rats: with the artificial bow and arrow method control plague of rats;
Survive the winter: snowfall covers naturally;
6) medicinal material is gathered and preliminary working
The bark of ash plant of planting 3 years can generally blossom and bear fruit, the seed natural propagation that comes off; Plant spacing sparsely sheet should manually be reseeded.
Plant and to excavate the medicinal material of having become a useful person in 5 years.Gathering and process technology employing DB/T555.4-2005 bark of ash production operation rule the 4th part of gentiana straminea maxim: medicinal material is gathered and preliminary working technology (SOP).
Embodiment 4.
This implementation column bionic cultivation method of gentiana straminea maxim comprises the steps:
1) selection of gentiana straminea maxim planting base
According to ecological conditions such as wild gentiana straminea maxim area height above sea level, weather, soil, the bionical planting site of gentiana straminea maxim is chosen in height above sea level 4000m, year samming-1.2 ℃, annual precipitation 550mm; There is not industrial enterprise around the planting site, apart from A-road line 2500m, pollution-free gas discharging, no flue dust and dust within the uptake 30km, air quality will meet the one-level of GB3095-1996 ambient air quality to secondary standard;
Soil types is an alpine steppe soil, and soil layer is deep, and soil organic matter content is 46.2%, and total soil nitrogen 1.03g/kg is above, rapid available phosphorus 3.1mg/kg is above, available potassium 133mg/kg; P in soil H value 8.1; Every content of beary metal and residue of pesticide figureofmerit should meet GB5618-1995 soil index binomial standard in the soil;
2) choosing ground and soil treatment
The meadow is selected in the planting base, and plantation prescinds preceding stubble herbage the previous year, and bare area is survived the winter, to improve ground temperature, to promote quick-actingization of nutrient;
Broadcast preceding weeding: about weed control height degree 15cm, before not blooming as yet, utilize 10% glyphosate of low-residual in the planting site, use 2000ml for every mu, go out and remove annual and perennial weed; Be sprayed at fine day and carry out, add weight percentage during medication in the glyphosate and be 0.1% washing powder, or every mu of consumption adds 30 gram diesel oil; One week of spray medicine back plantation gentiana straminea maxim;
3) seed is prepared
Seed is mainly gathered from the gentiana straminea maxim plant of the stalwartness of artificial planting, and seed is full; Seed purity 〉=95%; Thousand kernel weight 0.22g; Vitality 90%, germination rate 81%, cleanliness 98%, water content 5%; Has nomospermous color and luster smell simultaneously, no insect pest, the plague of rats;
Sowing seed the previous day soaks with the 500mg/kg Gibberellins solution, stirred once every 6 hours, elimination soak behind the 24h, become clear with flushing with clean water 2 to 3 times, water to be cleaned, spread airing half a day out, 10-20 spun yarn or dry ground doubly with seed weight stirs, and extended volume is beneficial to sowing evenly;
4) sowing
Sowing time is late June, is spraying the back sowing of one week of glyphosate;
Planting patterns is no-tillage broadcasting sowing or drilling, and seeding quantity is 12kg/hm 2Will through processing be mixed with fine sand the seed uniform broadcasting on the soil of handling through glyphosate, a kind of farm tools ground falls under the withered grass seed subsequently, shows in intimate contact.Withered weeds play the effect of sunshade soil moisture conservation at the bark of ash seed germination and after emerging;
5) answer the networking fence around the planting site: set up netting fence then in sowing, prevent the livestock trample;
Suppress weeds: artificial mechanism cradles weeding before planting early August seed prematurity then, requires close proximity to ground to cradle; Begin manually to cradle in mid-June, second, begins conservative grazing mid-July, with expose the gentiana straminea maxim blade, suppress weeds, most of gentiana straminea maxim do not stepped on mashed being as the criterion; Gentiana straminea maxim was grown up in the 3rd year, the 4th year, can conservative grazing cattle and sheep livestock, and to weed a garden, cattle and sheep ight soil increases the soil organic matter and fertility;
The control plague of rats: utilize the D BOTULINUM TOXIN TYPE aquatic organism preparation control plague of rats that kills mouse: 1,000 ten thousand malicious valencys/mLD BOTULINUM TOXIN TYPE aquatic organism preparation that kills mouse is made poison bait and is prevented and treated; By the hole bait throwing in, 15~20 of hole daily ration, feeding quantities; With the artificial bow and arrow method control plague of rats;
Survive the winter: snowfall covers naturally;
6) medicinal material is gathered and preliminary working
The bark of ash plant of planting 3 years can generally blossom and bear fruit, the seed natural propagation that comes off; Plant spacing sparsely sheet should manually be reseeded.
Plant and to excavate the medicinal material of having become a useful person in 5 years.Gathering and process technology employing DB/T555.4-2005 bark of ash production operation rule the 4th part of gentiana straminea maxim: medicinal material is gathered and preliminary working technology (SOP).

Claims (1)

1. a bionic cultivation method of gentiana straminea maxim is characterized in that, described method comprises the steps:
1) selection of gentiana straminea maxim planting base
According to ecological conditions such as wild gentiana straminea maxim area height above sea level, weather, soil, the bionical planting site of gentiana straminea maxim will be chosen in height above sea level 2900-4000m, year about 0 ℃ of samming, annual precipitation 〉=500mm; Around the planting site industrial enterprise must not be arranged, more than A-road line 50m, the dusty gas discharging must not be arranged within the uptake 10km, also flue dust and dust must not be arranged, air quality will meet the one-level of GB3095-1996 ambient air quality to secondary standard;
Gentiana straminea maxim is wider to the accommodation of soil, and high mountain cold desert soil, alpine meadow soil, alpine steppe soil, mountain meadow soil, grey cinnamonic soil, chestnut soil and mountain forest soil all can be planted; Soil layer is deep, and soil organic matter content is more than 2%-4%, more than the quick-acting nitrogen 60mg/kg, more than the quick-acting phosphine 15mg/kg, more than the available potassium 100mg/kg; Between the P in soil H value 7-8.3; Every content of beary metal and residue of pesticide figureofmerit should meet GB5618-1995 soil index binomial standard in the soil;
2) choosing ground and soil treatment
Arable land, abandoned land or meadow are selected in the bionical planting base of gentiana straminea maxim; When interplanting on ploughing in the agricultural region, preceding stubble and this season crop should be oat or gramineous forage grass gramineous crop; Plantation prescinds preceding crop or herbage the previous year, shifts out the arable land, and bare area is survived the winter, to improve ground temperature, to promote quick-actingization of nutrient;
Broadcast preceding weeding: about weed control height degree 20cm, before not blooming as yet, utilize 10% glyphosate of low-residual in the planting site, use 1000-2000ml for every mu, go out and remove annual and perennial weed; Spraying should be carried out at fine day, the mist pearl is little, the spraying even; Should add weight percentage during medication in the glyphosate and be 0.1% washing powder, or every mu of consumption adds to strengthen spread, permeability and the adhesion strength of medicine, improves 30 gram diesel oil of preventive effect; The spray medicine can be planted gentiana straminea maxim after one week;
3) seed is prepared
During the establishing in large scale gentiana straminea maxim, seed is mainly gathered from the gentiana straminea maxim plant of the stalwartness of artificial planting, requires seed full; Seed purity 〉=95%; Thousand kernel weight is not less than 0.20g, or the above grain of screening aperture 0.30mm sieve; Vitality is not less than 85%, and germination rate is not less than 70%, and cleanliness is not less than 95%, and water content is not higher than 10%; Has nomospermous color and luster smell simultaneously, no insect pest, the plague of rats;
Sowing seed the previous day soaks with the 500mg/kg Gibberellins solution, stirred once every 6 hours, elimination soak behind the 24h, become clear with flushing with clean water 2 to 3 times, water to be cleaned, spread airing half a day out, 10-20 spun yarn or dry ground doubly with seed weight stirs, and extended volume is beneficial to sowing evenly;
4) sowing
Sowing time be late May to late June, can sow after one week spraying glyphosate;
Planting patterns is no-tillage broadcasting sowing or drilling, and seeding quantity is 7.5-15kg/hm 2Will through processing be mixed with fine sand the seed uniform broadcasting on the soil of handling through glyphosate, a kind of farm tools ground falls under the withered grass seed subsequently, shows in intimate contact.Withered weeds can play the effect of sunshade soil moisture conservation at the bark of ash seed germination and after emerging;
When 5) the higher pastoral region of height above sea level is planted gentiana straminea maxim, answer the networking fence around the planting site: set up netting fence then in sowing, prevent the livestock trample;
Suppress weeds: artificial mechanism cradles weeding before planting early August seed prematurity then, requires close proximity to ground to cradle; Begin manually to cradle in mid-June, second, begins conservative grazing mid-July, with expose the gentiana straminea maxim blade, suppress weeds, most of gentiana straminea maxim do not stepped on mashed being as the criterion; Gentiana straminea maxim was grown up in the 3rd year, the 4th year, can conservative grazing cattle and sheep livestock, and to weed a garden, cattle and sheep ight soil increases the soil organic matter and fertility;
The control plague of rats: utilize the D BOTULINUM TOXIN TYPE aquatic organism preparation control plague of rats that kills mouse: 1,000 ten thousand malicious valencys/mLD BOTULINUM TOXIN TYPE aquatic organism preparation that kills mouse is made poison bait and is prevented and treated; By the hole bait throwing in, 15~20 of hole daily ration, feeding quantities; Or with the artificial bow and arrow method control plague of rats;
Survive the winter: snowfall covers naturally;
6) medicinal material is gathered and preliminary working
The bark of ash plant of planting 3 years can generally blossom and bear fruit, the seed natural propagation that comes off; Plant spacing sparsely sheet should manually be reseeded.
Plantation 4-5 can excavate the medicinal material of having become a useful person.Gathering and process technology employing DB/T555.4-2005 bark of ash production operation rule the 4th part of gentiana straminea maxim: medicinal material is gathered and preliminary working technology (SOP).
CN2010100280714A 2010-01-08 2010-01-08 Bionic cultivation method of gentiana straminea maxim Expired - Fee Related CN101720619B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2010100280714A CN101720619B (en) 2010-01-08 2010-01-08 Bionic cultivation method of gentiana straminea maxim

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2010100280714A CN101720619B (en) 2010-01-08 2010-01-08 Bionic cultivation method of gentiana straminea maxim

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN101720619A true CN101720619A (en) 2010-06-09
CN101720619B CN101720619B (en) 2011-05-11

Family

ID=42442659

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN2010100280714A Expired - Fee Related CN101720619B (en) 2010-01-08 2010-01-08 Bionic cultivation method of gentiana straminea maxim

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN101720619B (en)

Cited By (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102318476A (en) * 2011-05-31 2012-01-18 山西圣济农牧发展有限公司 Method for planting large-leaved gentian in sloping field
CN102972173A (en) * 2012-11-19 2013-03-20 林乃瑜 Basket bamboo tending method using herbicides
CN103210754A (en) * 2012-11-23 2013-07-24 四川省农业科学院经济作物育种栽培研究所 Method for breeding gentiana macrophylla low-altitude sound seedlings
CN103250488A (en) * 2013-05-02 2013-08-21 中国农业大学 Method for promoting seed germination of large-leaved gentian
CN103262745A (en) * 2013-06-09 2013-08-28 陇西中天药业有限责任公司 Bolting and cultivating method for radix gentianae macrophyllae
CN103907429A (en) * 2014-04-29 2014-07-09 道真仡佬族苗族自治县谷森科技农业开发有限责任公司 No-tillage mulching sowing method of angelica root
CN104094761A (en) * 2014-07-16 2014-10-15 卓尼县佛赐藏药材开发有限责任公司 Hole sowing and seeding culture method of large-leaved gentian
CN105432295A (en) * 2015-12-02 2016-03-30 宁蒗县国兵生物科技有限公司 Gentiana macrophylla planting method for preventing successive cropping obstacles
CN105724026A (en) * 2016-03-08 2016-07-06 广西壮族自治区药用植物园 Radix gentianae dahuricae cultivation method
CN105746122A (en) * 2016-02-27 2016-07-13 广南县珠琳苗家中药材种植农民专业合作社 Stereoscopic inter-cropping plantation method for traditional Chinese medicinal materials
CN106613153A (en) * 2016-11-14 2017-05-10 宁夏西北药材科技有限公司 Method for interplanting gentian macrophylla on forest land in imitating wild condition
CN109041624A (en) * 2018-07-12 2018-12-21 中国农业科学院农业环境与可持续发展研究所 A kind of Degraded Alpine grassland ecology after-culture restorative procedure
CN109452118A (en) * 2018-11-02 2019-03-12 内蒙古科技大学包头医学院 A kind of radix gentiane dahuvicae type of seeding

Cited By (16)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102318476A (en) * 2011-05-31 2012-01-18 山西圣济农牧发展有限公司 Method for planting large-leaved gentian in sloping field
CN102972173A (en) * 2012-11-19 2013-03-20 林乃瑜 Basket bamboo tending method using herbicides
CN103210754B (en) * 2012-11-23 2014-12-10 四川省农业科学院经济作物育种栽培研究所 Method for breeding gentiana macrophylla low-altitude sound seedlings
CN103210754A (en) * 2012-11-23 2013-07-24 四川省农业科学院经济作物育种栽培研究所 Method for breeding gentiana macrophylla low-altitude sound seedlings
CN103250488A (en) * 2013-05-02 2013-08-21 中国农业大学 Method for promoting seed germination of large-leaved gentian
CN103250488B (en) * 2013-05-02 2015-03-04 中国农业大学 Method for promoting seed germination of large-leaved gentian
CN103262745A (en) * 2013-06-09 2013-08-28 陇西中天药业有限责任公司 Bolting and cultivating method for radix gentianae macrophyllae
CN103907429A (en) * 2014-04-29 2014-07-09 道真仡佬族苗族自治县谷森科技农业开发有限责任公司 No-tillage mulching sowing method of angelica root
CN104094761A (en) * 2014-07-16 2014-10-15 卓尼县佛赐藏药材开发有限责任公司 Hole sowing and seeding culture method of large-leaved gentian
CN105432295A (en) * 2015-12-02 2016-03-30 宁蒗县国兵生物科技有限公司 Gentiana macrophylla planting method for preventing successive cropping obstacles
CN105746122A (en) * 2016-02-27 2016-07-13 广南县珠琳苗家中药材种植农民专业合作社 Stereoscopic inter-cropping plantation method for traditional Chinese medicinal materials
CN105724026A (en) * 2016-03-08 2016-07-06 广西壮族自治区药用植物园 Radix gentianae dahuricae cultivation method
CN105724026B (en) * 2016-03-08 2019-09-27 广西壮族自治区药用植物园 A kind of radix gentiane dahuvicae cultural method
CN106613153A (en) * 2016-11-14 2017-05-10 宁夏西北药材科技有限公司 Method for interplanting gentian macrophylla on forest land in imitating wild condition
CN109041624A (en) * 2018-07-12 2018-12-21 中国农业科学院农业环境与可持续发展研究所 A kind of Degraded Alpine grassland ecology after-culture restorative procedure
CN109452118A (en) * 2018-11-02 2019-03-12 内蒙古科技大学包头医学院 A kind of radix gentiane dahuvicae type of seeding

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
CN101720619B (en) 2011-05-11

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN101720619B (en) Bionic cultivation method of gentiana straminea maxim
CN103960036B (en) A kind of sylvan life natural cultivation method of magnificent Paris polyphylla
CN104920049A (en) Method for cultivating seedlings of oil peonies
CN104641873A (en) Carrot high-yield planting method
CN103975728B (en) A kind of organic cultivation method drinking Flos Chrysanthemi
CN104782366A (en) Standardized planting method for bletilla striata
CN104429500A (en) Summer leaf vegetable organic production method
CN101194567A (en) Method for improving production volume and quality of alfalfa seed
CN102428815B (en) Good agriculture practice (GAP) method of Isodon glaucocalyx Kudo
CN102550348B (en) Cultivation method for rice direct dibble seeding in wedged ditches
CN103960037B (en) The alternating method of a kind of clover and awnless brome
CN106613616A (en) Green tea planting method
CN104429520A (en) Vegetable planting method
CN102714996B (en) Method for cultivating Shanghaiqing
CN105432290A (en) Method for breeding peony seeds
CN105123406A (en) Cultivation method for high-yield green tea trees
CN100473274C (en) Harm-free wild-imitaing red-rooted salvia root Chinese medicinal material production technology
CN104663204B (en) Wheat grown along film sides prevent and kill off the technology of clover weeds in field
CN105393736A (en) Planting method for semen cassia
CN1754424A (en) Five-finger fig root standarded and industrilized seed breeding planting method
CN106211983A (en) A kind of cultural method that can improve south yield of sweet potato
CN104145660A (en) Method for interplanting Ning fritillaria among fruit trees
CN107980529A (en) Prevent and kill off the quadrate planting method of clover weeds in field
CN105123253A (en) Seedling method for paris polyphylla
CN104396485A (en) Sunlight greenhouse seedling-raising method for improving Chinese angelica germination rate

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
C06 Publication
PB01 Publication
C10 Entry into substantive examination
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20110511

Termination date: 20160108