CN101719525A - Static multifunctional concentrating solar cell device and use thereof - Google Patents

Static multifunctional concentrating solar cell device and use thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101719525A
CN101719525A CN200910109809A CN200910109809A CN101719525A CN 101719525 A CN101719525 A CN 101719525A CN 200910109809 A CN200910109809 A CN 200910109809A CN 200910109809 A CN200910109809 A CN 200910109809A CN 101719525 A CN101719525 A CN 101719525A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
curved
solar
solar battery
transparent
solar cell
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Pending
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CN200910109809A
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Chinese (zh)
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肖立峰
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肖立峰
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Priority to CN200910109809A priority Critical patent/CN101719525A/en
Publication of CN101719525A publication Critical patent/CN101719525A/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B10/00Integration of renewable energy sources in buildings
    • Y02B10/10Photovoltaic [PV]
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/50Photovoltaic [PV] energy

Abstract

The invention relates to a static multifunctional concentrating solar cell device and use thereof. The solar cell device comprises at least one solar cell unit each having a closed housing. The housing comprises a transparent top plane and a curved surface positioned under the transparent top plane which are connected. The curved surface is a reflecting surface. At least one solar panel is arranged in the housing further filled with transparent liquid medium. The device may track the light of the sun without moving, can realize sunlight concentration, in particular concentration of most diffused light, and also can reduce the number of the solar panels to a large extent; and the device is low in production cost and can be mounted and used under various different mounting conditions. Furthermore, the device can be used as materials for roofing and outer wall decoration and thermal insulation or structural material.

Description

Static multifunctional concentrating solar cell device and purposes
[technical field]
The present invention relates to solar energy equipment, particularly relate to a kind of need not moving and to follow the tracks of sunray, realize the sunlight gathering, can significantly reduce the solar panel consumption, the static multifunctional concentrating solar cell device that reduces cost.
[background technology]
As everyone knows, solar energy is inexhaustible, but people still fail the extensive important energy source of utilizing.Along with the minimizing of fossil energy and rising steadily of price such as coal, oil, natural gases, the mankind directly obtain energy and have become more and more important from solar energy.At present existing various solar utilizing equipment are used, as opto-electronic conversion and photo-thermal conversion equipment etc.Wherein, photoelectric conversion device mainly comprises directly the device by the solar panel generating and sunray is focused on the device that is positioned near the solar panel generating the focus.For the former, it need be provided with a large amount of cell panels just can reach certain energy output, thereby with high costs; For the latter, it need be provided with the sunray tracking means, by rotating to follow the tracks of sunray, reduce the solar panel consumption to carry out optically focused, it is subjected to the restriction of mounting condition, and installation and maintenance and operating cost are higher, also need solve the problem that solar panel need dispel the heat and cool off under this condition.
[summary of the invention]
The present invention is intended to address the above problem, and provide a kind of need not moving to follow the tracks of sunray, the realization sunlight is assembled, the particularly gathering of most of diffused light, can significantly reduce the solar panel consumption, production cost is low, and the liquid cools ability is arranged self, is suitable for the static multifunctional concentrating solar cell device of installing and using under multiple different mounting conditions.
The present invention also aims to provide the purposes of this device.
For achieving the above object, the invention provides a kind of static multifunctional concentrating solar cell device, this solar battery apparatus comprises at least one solar battery cell, each solar battery cell has the housing of a sealing, this housing is formed by connecting by a transparent top plan and a curved surface that is positioned at its underpart, described curved surface is a reflecting surface, is provided with at least one solar panel in housing, and is full of the transparent liquid medium in housing.
Curved surface is formed by connecting by the sphere that is positioned at the bottom and the conical surface that is positioned at sphere top, the centre of sphere of sphere is positioned near the intersection point of axial line and top plan, be provided with topping up and wire outlet in curved bottom portion, the output lead of a solar battery cell is drawn by described topping up and wire outlet.
Angle between the conical surface and the top plan is 25 °~40 °.
Curved surface can be made by transparent or non-transparent material, and the reflecting surface of the curved surface of being made by transparent material is formed at its outer surface, and the reflecting surface of the curved surface of being made by non-transparent material is formed at its inner surface.
Rule or be densely covered with a plurality of small embossments or depression brokenly on the curved surface.
Solar panel and top plan are perpendicular.
The optical index of transparent liquid medium is 0.9~1.1 times of optical index of housing (10) material.
This solar battery apparatus is that a plurality of solar battery cells are installed in the plate body of inner hollow, the plate body top board is provided with and the corresponding hole of described each solar battery cell, be filled with in the plate body and the corresponding foamed plastics of a plurality of solar battery cell shapes, a plurality of solar battery cells and plate body top board and foamed plastics are adhesively fixed, and a plurality of solar battery cell output leads are inner and connect or the output of contacting at plate body.
Described static multifunctional concentrating solar cell device is as roofing and exterior wall surface decorative, insulation or structural material.
Contribution of the present invention is that it efficiently solves the high problem of cost for solar power generation.The light medium that solar battery cell of the present invention forms by special curved surface and transparent liquid medium and housing is to refraction, reflection and the total reflection of sunray, realized sunlight, the particularly gathering of most of diffused light, its light-receiving area can reach 6~15: 1 with the ratio (being concentration ratio) of solar panel area, therefore can significantly reduce solar panel, and cause the significantly reduction of production cost.Device of the present invention can be installed and used at the side to light of different gradient, and is not subjected to the restriction of mounting condition.Characteristics such as the present invention also has simple in structure, and is easy to implement, of many uses can be used as roofing and exterior wall surface decorative, insulation or structural material.
[description of drawings]
Fig. 1 is a solar battery cell example structure vertical view of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is that the A of Fig. 1 is to view.
Fig. 3 is the solar panel embodiment schematic diagram of solar battery cell of the present invention, wherein, Fig. 3 A is a T shape solar panel schematic diagram, Fig. 3 B is I-shaped solar panel schematic diagram, Fig. 3 C is another I-shaped solar panel schematic diagram, and Fig. 3 D is another I-shaped solar panel schematic diagram.
Fig. 4 is a light path principle figure of the present invention, and wherein, Fig. 4 A is a vertical view, and Fig. 4 B is that the A of Fig. 4 A is to view.
Fig. 5 is the example structure schematic diagram of device of the present invention, and wherein, Fig. 5 A is a schematic perspective view, and Fig. 5 B is a floor map, and Fig. 5 C is that the C of Fig. 5 B is to cutaway view.
[embodiment]
Consult Fig. 5 A~Fig. 5 C, static multifunctional concentrating solar cell device 200 of the present invention comprises at least one solar battery cell 100, and in the present embodiment, this device comprises five solar battery cells 100.
As Fig. 1~shown in Figure 3, each solar battery cell 100 has the housing 10 of a sealing, and this housing is formed by connecting by top plan 11 and curved surface 12, and described top plan 11 is made by high-transparent glass or polymethyl methacrylate.Described curved surface 12 is a reflecting surface, as Fig. 2, this curved surface 12 is formed by connecting by the sphere 121 that is positioned at the bottom and the conical surface 122 that is positioned at sphere top, for increasing the optically focused ratio, in this example, the described conical surface 122 is made of the taper seat 1221,1222 of the different taperings of two coaxial lines, and described taper seat 1222 is tangent with sphere 121.This curved surface 12 is by the clear glass global formation.Outer surface at described curved surface 12 is silver-plated, forms mirror surface.Described top plan 11 is corresponding with the openend shape of curved surface 12, and bonding or welding is fixed with curved surface 12 upper ends.In this example, the angle between described taper seat 1221 and the top plan 11 is 39 °, and the angle between described taper seat 1222 and the top plan 11 is 32 °.The output lead 21 that is provided with topping up and 123, one solar battery cells 100 of wire outlet in curved surface 12 bottoms is drawn by described topping up and wire outlet 123.After in housing 10, being full of transparent liquid medium 30 described topping up and wire outlet 123 usefulness fluid sealants are sealed.
For fear of when the light vertical irradiation when the top plan 11, owing to the light concentrations causes the damage of solar panel, on curved surface 12, be densely covered with corrugated small embossment 124 regularly.
As Fig. 1, Fig. 2, in housing 10, be provided with a solar panel 20, it can adopt the polysilicon solar cell plate, and this solar panel 20 is perpendicular with top plan 11.This solar panel 20 can be the worker's shape solar panel 20A shown in Fig. 3 A, also can be worker's shape solar panel 20B, the 20D of the distortion shown in Fig. 3 B or Fig. 3 D, can also be the T shape solar panel 20C shown in Fig. 3 D, different solar panel shapes is used for the different domatic to obtain the effect of optimum reception sunlight of different latitude area, and optically focused is than maximum simultaneously.For guaranteeing that the best accepts sunlight, to make the longest edge and the revolution of the earth plane parallel of solar panel when mounted as far as possible.
Be full of transparent liquid medium 30 in housing 10, in this example, this transparent liquid medium is a high concentration salt solution, and it should be full of the space in the whole housing 10.In this example, the optical index of this transparent liquid medium 30 is 0.98 times of optical index of housing 10 materials, makes both basic identical.
When sunlight vertical irradiation during to described solar battery cell 100, sunray can gather near the center of solar panel 20.As shown in Figure 4, when sunlight oblique illumination during to described solar battery cell 100, sunlight can gather the different parts of solar panel 20.
Fig. 5 A~Fig. 5 C shows an embodiment of solar battery apparatus of the present invention, in this example, in the plate body 40 of inner hollow, be provided with five solar battery cells 100, this plate body 40 is made of top board 41, side plate 42, base plate 43, wherein, top board 41 is provided with and the corresponding hole of described each solar battery cell, be filled with foamed plastics 44 in the plate body 40, the upper surface shape of foamed plastics is corresponding with five solar battery cell shapes, and each solar battery cell 100 is adhesively fixed with plate body top board 41 and foamed plastics 44.In the present embodiment, the solar panel 20 usefulness leads of five solar battery cells phase also connects, and total output lead 22 is drawn by plate body 40 sides.
Static multifunctional concentrating solar cell device of the present invention can be used as roofing and exterior wall surface decorative, insulation or structural material.

Claims (9)

1. static multifunctional concentrating solar cell device, it is characterized in that, this solar battery apparatus comprises at least one solar battery cell (100), each solar battery cell (100) has the housing (10) of a sealing, this housing is formed by connecting by a transparent top plan (11) and a curved surface (12) that is positioned at its underpart, described curved surface (12) is a reflecting surface, in housing (10), be provided with at least one solar panel (20), and in housing (10), be full of transparent liquid medium (30).
2. static multifunctional concentrating solar cell device as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that, described curved surface (12) is formed by connecting by the sphere that is positioned at the bottom (121) and the conical surface (122) that is positioned at sphere top, the centre of sphere of sphere (121) is positioned near the intersection point of axial line and top plan (11), be provided with topping up and wire outlet (123) in curved surface (12) bottom, the output lead (21) of solar battery cell (100) is drawn by described topping up and wire outlet (123).
3. static multifunctional concentrating solar cell device as claimed in claim 2 is characterized in that, the angle between the described conical surface (122) and the top plan (11) is 25 °~40 °.
4. static multifunctional concentrating solar cell device as claimed in claim 2, it is characterized in that, described curved surface (12) can be made by transparent or non-transparent material, the reflecting surface of the curved surface of being made by transparent material is formed at its outer surface, and the reflecting surface of the curved surface of being made by non-transparent material is formed at its inner surface.
5. static multifunctional concentrating solar cell device as claimed in claim 4 is characterized in that, described curved surface (12) is gone up rule or is densely covered with a plurality of small embossments or depression (124) brokenly.
6. static multifunctional concentrating solar cell device as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that, described solar panel (20) is perpendicular with top plan (11).
7. static multifunctional concentrating solar cell device as claimed in claim 2 is characterized in that, the optical index of described transparent liquid medium (30) is 0.9~1.1 times of optical index of housing (10) material.
8. static multifunctional concentrating solar cell device as claimed in claim 2, it is characterized in that, this solar battery apparatus is that a plurality of solar battery cells (100) are installed in the plate body (40) of inner hollow, plate body (40) top board is provided with and the corresponding hole of described each solar battery cell, be filled with in the plate body (40) and the corresponding foamed plastics of a plurality of solar battery cell shapes (44), a plurality of solar battery cells (100) and plate body top board (41) and foamed plastics are adhesively fixed, and a plurality of solar battery cell output leads (21) are inner and connect or the output of contacting at plate body (40).
9. static multifunctional concentrating solar cell device as claimed in claim is as roofing and exterior wall surface decorative, insulation or structural material.
CN200910109809A 2009-11-20 2009-11-20 Static multifunctional concentrating solar cell device and use thereof Pending CN101719525A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN200910109809A CN101719525A (en) 2009-11-20 2009-11-20 Static multifunctional concentrating solar cell device and use thereof

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN200910109809A CN101719525A (en) 2009-11-20 2009-11-20 Static multifunctional concentrating solar cell device and use thereof

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN101719525A true CN101719525A (en) 2010-06-02

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Family Applications (1)

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Country Status (1)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101943484A (en) * 2010-06-28 2011-01-12 肖立峰 Stationary reflecting surface concentrating solar boiler
CN102568845A (en) * 2010-12-21 2012-07-11 北京大学 Solar cell module

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101943484A (en) * 2010-06-28 2011-01-12 肖立峰 Stationary reflecting surface concentrating solar boiler
CN101943484B (en) * 2010-06-28 2012-02-01 肖立峰 Stationary reflecting surface concentrating solar boiler
CN102568845A (en) * 2010-12-21 2012-07-11 北京大学 Solar cell module
CN102568845B (en) * 2010-12-21 2015-10-28 北京大学 A kind of solar module

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Open date: 20100602