CN101718066B - Fast rail-exchanging vehicle for jointless track and rail-exchanging method - Google Patents

Fast rail-exchanging vehicle for jointless track and rail-exchanging method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101718066B
CN101718066B CN2009102257122A CN200910225712A CN101718066B CN 101718066 B CN101718066 B CN 101718066B CN 2009102257122 A CN2009102257122 A CN 2009102257122A CN 200910225712 A CN200910225712 A CN 200910225712A CN 101718066 B CN101718066 B CN 101718066B
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China
Prior art keywords
rail
clamping device
track
relayable
new
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN2009102257122A
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CN101718066A (en
Inventor
邓建华
韩伯领
汪波
王首雄
向涌
刘小毅
高静华
叶备
刘莎
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ZHUZHOU INNOTRAN RAILWAY EQUIPMENT CO Ltd
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ZHUZHOU INNOTRAN RAILWAY EQUIPMENT CO Ltd
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Priority to CN2009102257122A priority Critical patent/CN101718066B/en
Publication of CN101718066A publication Critical patent/CN101718066A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN101718066B publication Critical patent/CN101718066B/en
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Abstract

The invention relates to a fast rail-exchanging vehicle for a jointless track and a rail-exchanging method. The front and back ends of a travel mechanism of a fast rail-exchanging vehicle for a railway are provided with a guardrail recovering device; a crosstie-pressing device, a steel rail retraction device for clamping and moving a new steel rail and an old steel rail, a steel rail clincher and an operating position are arranged at intervals below the vehicle body between two bogies of the travel mechanism, the operating position is arranged according to the need; and the crosstie-pressing device and the steel rail clincher are arranged respectively close to the bogies at the two ends; and the vehicle can perform the marshalling operation together with the auxiliary vehicles, such as a fastener recovered vehicle, and the like. When the fast rail-exchanging vehicle for the railway is adopted for construction, the operation is divided into two parts of the old steel rail retraction operation and the new steel rail retraction operation which are synchronously carried out. The vehicle can reach the rail-exchanging speed of more than 2km/h, can be applied to the fast rail-exchanging need of the jointless track, complete the rail exchanging within 50 meters and is suitable for the construction needs of the section with less curve radius. The invention has the advantages of safety and high degree of automation.

Description

A kind of gapless track track quick track switching operating working vehicle and the method that switches tracks thereof
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of railway the switch tracks working vehicle and the method that switches tracks thereof, particularly a kind of track quick track switching operating working vehicle and track quick track switching operating method that is used to change gapless track.
Background technology
Switch tracks method and machinery of present railway is existing multiple; The dissimilar replacing track machines that are adapted to different purposes are disclosed like Chinese patent CN2263610Y CN2871617, CN2510526Y, CN1152169C; The method that is adopted generally is that new rail is put in by the old rail and after removing most of fastener of old rail, while walking old rail is moved away from rail support groove through mechanical piecemeal continuously, and the limit is placed in the mode of working continuously in the rail support groove piecemeal continuously with new rail; In the prior art; The large-scale machinery that switches tracks must be changed sleeper when switching tracks as the train overhaul that Switzerland matisa company is produced, can not accomplish the single operation that switches tracks, and causes huge, the narrow application range of construction cost; Operating efficiency is low; Usually can only reach the operating speed that switches tracks of 1km/h, can't be adapted at short notice (being the skylight point) and accomplish the work that switches tracks, can't guarantee the overall operation of circuit.The skylight point switches tracks and requires short-term efficient, and is safe and efficient, can only be accomplished switching tracks usually by a working vehicle; Or establish a less important work car in addition and carry out less important works such as fastener recovery; Usually need in 50 meters, accomplish switching tracks,, generally before switching tracks, adopt artificial dismounting mode to remove 90% fastener for reduce the workload that switches tracks as far as possible; The construction operation length that switches tracks is generally the length of two main frames; And the operation operating mode of large-scale construction equipment (like the P95 overhaul row of Switzerland matisa) differs greatly with it, and its construction operation length is generally more than 9 main frame length, can in 200 meters, accomplish switching tracks usually with many Tai Tai working vehicle; The rail stress differs widely, and its rail folding and unfolding, fastener recovery, guard rail hoisting method and device all can't directly be used.In the prior art, the skylight point general simple and easy equipment that switches tracks that adopts that switches tracks, the relevant coordinative construction personnel that are equipped with up to a hundred even hundreds of people are with the completion track quick track switching operating, and automaticity is low and increased potential safety hazard.
In the skylight point switches tracks process; Distance is short because it switches tracks; Displacement, the deformation of new rail and old rail are bigger, all need bear bigger active force, cause the new rail and the old rail that carry section all to be difficult to the state of being kept upright; The generation of security incident such as cause that easily the machinery that switches tracks is tumbled, slided down, the safety that jeopardizes the constructor.During operation, above-mentioned security incident takes place more easily on bend.The simple and easy rail draw off gear that switches tracks machinery only is provided with two rail clamping devices usually, and one is used for new rail clamping and is seated to rail support groove, and another is used for moving with old rail clamping and from rail support groove; In the operation process that switches tracks, the in place of its new rail waits work to accomplish by manual work, because the quantity of rail clamping device is few; The bite of rail and is not subjected to displacement factors such as will being in differing heights, varying level position in the process different method of clamping is set switching tracks according to rail very little, and the torsion of new rail and old rail is mainly by Artificial Control; Both be difficult to be effectively controlled; Have potential safety hazard again, during the two-wire operation, old rail is difficult to guarantee to be placed in certain scope in unloading process and after the dismounting; Influence the operation of another circuit, jeopardize traffic safety greatly.
The simple and easy machinery that switches tracks is not provided with counter-rail apparatus; Because be difficult to guarantee the constant distance between erectility and the two rails after track is removed fastener, the wheel of running mechanism very easily causes security incidents such as working vehicle slides down or tumbles in operation process, very easily sliding down like this; General processing method all need could be accomplished reseting procedure by other equipment; As adopt crane that construction machinery integral body such as working vehicle are sling, the artificial cooperation carried out steering framing wheel to resetting, or adopts a plurality of hydraulic jacks to withstand on different at different position and different construction machinery is supported jacking to certain height; Fit into road wheel to resetting by manual work again; In this process, because bogie of the prior art is not fixed into one in vertical direction, in the car body uphill process; Bogie part needs jacking separately once more usually, could accomplish steering framing wheel to the contraposition of track, reset.Because car body walking mechanism self does not possess hoisting device voluntarily, the site requirements of hoisting operation and equipment requirements are all higher, and the operating worker number that plays multiple process is more, and constructor's safety is difficult to guarantee.
On the other hand, in the process of switching tracks, old rail and sleeper can carry sleeper up in the process that it moves upward because of the adhesion of rubber cushion usually; Be subjected to displacement, railway ballast slides into sleeper bottom, causes that sleeper is arranged, installation position is irregular; Lay for new rail and cause difficulty; What influence switched tracks carries out continuously, and efficient is low, and rail relayer major part of the prior art is not provided with presses the pillow device; Press the pillow device though the P95 train overhaul that Switzerland matisa company is produced is provided with, it works the principal organ that presses the pillow effect is two pressure pillow wheels that are connected on the car body.During operation, press the pillow wheel to roll along car body operation direct of travel near two one steel rail inboards respectively for two, this rolling presses the shortcoming of pillow mode to be that the pressure pillow face of roller and sleeper is a circular arc; Contact area is little, and the general pillow device of pressing can only be pushed down a sleepers simultaneously, and when actual job; Often not only a sleepers glues rail because of the aging of rubber cushion, and might be taken up simultaneously by several sleepers, if adopt this pressure pillow mode; Only push down a sleepers, and other sleepers are not pushed down, railway ballast slides into the sleeper bottom; A series of problems still exist to cause sleeper to be arranged, the position is irregular etc., press the pressure pillow effect of pillow device to completely lose, and still have potential safety hazard.
In addition; Because each blocked point and switches tracks mileage all about 2 kilometers when the skylight point switched tracks; Manual recovery efficient is low; In the point of skylight, accomplish fastener and reclaim very difficulty, the fastener retracting device of large-scale construction equipment can not the accommodation curve radius less as sweep construct less than 180 meters highway section, material is lost seriously.Therefore but the method and apparatus that switches tracks of the prior art does not provide track quick track switching operating and the quick simultaneously machinery that reclaims the metal fastener, does not fit into and utilizes skylight point track quick track switching operating needs, needs further to improve.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is exactly to above-mentioned present situation; A kind of gapless track track quick track switching operating working vehicle is provided; It can reach the above operating speed that switches tracks of 2km/h, can be suitable for the needs of gapless track track quick track switching operating, in 50 meters, accomplishes switching tracks; And the construction in the less highway section of accommodation curve radius needs, and has safety, advantage that automaticity is high.
Another object of the present invention is to provide a kind of gapless track track quick track switching operating operational method; It adopts the construction of gapless track track quick track switching operating working vehicle; It can reach the operating speed that switches tracks of 2km/h, and can be suitable for the needs of gapless track track quick track switching operating, and has safety, advantage that automaticity is high.
Technical scheme of the present invention is:
A kind of railway track quick track switching operating working vehicle; It is characterized in that: it comprises and switches tracks working vehicle's walking mechanism and be arranged between walking mechanism forecarriage and the trailing bogie pillow of the pressure under car body device, rail draw off gear, rail place device, operative position; The described working vehicle's walking mechanism that switches tracks is provided with guard rail hoisting device; Described pressure pillow device is arranged at after the forecarriage; Described rail place device is near the trailing bogie setting, and described rail draw off gear is made up of the rail clamping device of tongs more than two pairs and interval setting more than five at least at least.
As to further improvement of the present invention; Described guard rail hoisting device is under the car body at the rear of the place ahead of walking mechanism forecarriage and trailing bogie, to be fixed with the guard rail hoisting device respectively; On forecarriage and trailing bogie, be respectively arranged with anti-drop device; Described guard rail hoisting device be provided with make track be kept upright and two rails between constant distance, with walking mechanism integral jacking and the parts that laterally move, described anti-drop device is provided with and makes bogie and the vertical fixedly all-in-one-piece of car body parts.
As to further improvement of the present invention; Described pressure pillow device comprises that following away the horizontally disposed strip of mechanism's car body direct of travel presses the pillow plate, pressing wheel device is suspended in the scalable oil cylinder car body under, the parallel telescopic action loop bar of stretching down with oil cylinder and with being fixed in the strip support under the car body on oil cylinder, the movable loop bar, described pressure is rested the head on plate and is provided with at least four pinch rollers.
As to further improvement of the present invention; Described rail draw off gear comprises tumbling-type rail clamping device and slidingtype rail clamping device; Be arranged at the rail clamping device I that presses between pillow device and the forecarriage and contiguous to press the rail clamping device II of pillow device be the tumbling-type rail clamping device with the clamp assemblies that contacts with the rail flange of rail and side rolling; Rail clamping device IV, the rail clamping device V of contiguous rail place device setting and be arranged at rail clamping device II and rail clamping device III between the rail clamping device IV and be the slidingtype rail clamping device that has with the sliding-contact of the rail flange of rail, the clamp assemblies that contacts with the rolling of rail side; The distance that described rail clamping device III, rail clamping device IV, rail clamping device V satisfy between the two rails is that 750~3200mm, rail foot surface are the requirement of 0~1000mm from the distance of rail support groove bottom surface; The described suspension at interval that switches tracks between two bogies of working vehicle's walking mechanism successively is provided with tongs, rail clamping device I, presses pillow device, rail clamping device II, rail clamping device III, rail clamping device IV, rail clamping device V, tongs, rail place device, and described rail clamping device IV, rail clamping device V, rail place device are contiguous each other to be provided with.
As to further improvement of the present invention, it combines working vehicle's group with the less important work car, and described rail draw off gear also comprises at least two tumbling-type rail clamping devices that are arranged under the less important work car car body.
As to further improvement of the present invention; The less important work car is the fastener recovery vehicle; The front and back end of described fastener recovery vehicle walking mechanism is provided with the guard rail hoisting device; Hang at interval successively under the car body between described fastener recovery vehicle walking mechanism two bogies and be provided with rail clamping device I, tongs, fastener retracting device, tongs, rail clamping device I; The fastener retracting device of described fastener recovery vehicle is that magnetic attaches belt conveyer, and described fastener recovery vehicle is provided with the fastener collection box of two car body rear and front ends that are placed in.
As to further improvement of the present invention, the last terminal that the magnetic of described fastener recovery vehicle attaches belt conveyer is supported on the body panel by oscillating bearing through U type connector.
A kind of gapless track railway track quick track switching operating operational method; It adopts above-mentioned railway track quick track switching operating working vehicle construction; It carries out less important work such as fastener recovery by the less important work car earlier preceding, and by the working vehicle that the switches tracks operation that switches tracks, the operation that switches tracks is divided into relayable rail folding and unfolding operation and new rail folding and unfolding operation two parts again; Described relayable rail folding and unfolding operation is carried out with new rail folding and unfolding operation simultaneously; Described relayable rail folding and unfolding operation be earlier with old rail vertical-lift behind the spatial altitude that staggers with new rail, again with old rail level to the inside or the outside push, get into old rail and be scheduled to installation position; Described new steel rail laying operation is earlier new rail to be presetted in the rail both sides, after rail support groove is left in the relayable rail lifting, new rail is promoted and vertically transfers to rail support groove.
As to further improvement of the present invention; It is divided into two groups with the new rail of rail clamping device basis more than seven of rail draw off gear and the trajectory that switches tracks of relayable rail; One group is the new rail draw off gear that is used for the new rail of clamping; Another group is for being used for the relayable rail draw off gear of clamping relayable rail; Described new rail draw off gear comprises four rail clamping devices at least, and wherein at least two are arranged under the less important work car, and at least two are arranged under the working vehicle that switches tracks; Described relayable rail draw off gear comprises at least three rail clamping devices that are arranged under the working vehicle that switches tracks; It is that the new rail that is positioned over relayable rail two side lines side is in place to rail support groove, simultaneously relayable rail is moved away from rail support groove and is placed on the heart, is placed on the heart by rail clamping device II, rail clamping device III, rail clamping device V clamping at least after described relayable rail is sling from rail support groove by tongs; Described new rail is sent into the rail place device by its rail support groove of sending in place by rail clamping device IV clamping by three rail clamping device I clamping after being sling from the side, road by tongs at least again.
As to further improvement of the present invention; It is divided into two groups with the new rail of rail clamping device basis more than seven of rail draw off gear and the trajectory that switches tracks of relayable rail; One group is the new rail draw off gear that is used for the new rail of clamping; Another group is for being used for the relayable rail draw off gear of clamping relayable rail; Described new rail draw off gear comprises four rail clamping devices at least, and wherein at least two are arranged under the less important work car, and at least two are arranged under the working vehicle that switches tracks; Described relayable rail draw off gear comprises at least three rail clamping devices that are arranged under the working vehicle that switches tracks; It is that the new rail that is positioned over side, relayable rail road is in place to rail support groove, simultaneously relayable rail is moved away from rail support groove and is placed on the sleeper both sides, places the sleeper both sides by rail clamping device II, rail clamping device III, rail clamping device IV clamping at least after described relayable rail is sling from rail support groove by tongs; Described new rail by tongs from the road other sling the back by after at least three rail clamping device I clamping again by rail clamping device V clamping, deliver to rail place device entering rail support groove in place.
The present invention is such use when point switches tracks in the skylight:
1) long rail string that adopts long rail train to have welded before the operation is transported to the operation building site and unloads and be placed into outside the sleeper.
2) the artificial fastener of progressively removing operation section 9/10 before the operation day skylight point, and with the fastener bulk storage of pulling down to the road heart.
3) traction locomotive and fastener recovery vehicle, the working vehicle that switches tracks unite marshalling, and before the point of skylight, reach to stop near the setting and treat a little.
4) it is in place that skylight point beginning, unit proceed to setting " position, Longkou " back.
5) each the guard rail hoisting device in fastener recovery vehicle, the working vehicle that switches tracks is in place.
6) manual work begin the dismounting " Longkou " near the residue not the dismounting 1/10 fastener, and with the fastener bulk storage of pulling down to the road heart.
7) the artificial old rail of guiding tongs clamping and sawed-off " Longkou " rail.
8) the fastener recovery vehicle is in place, puts down the fastener retracting device, starts the fastener conveyer belt.
9) promote old rail, and each rail jack is adjusted to job state.
10) the new rail of artificial guiding tongs clamping, and get into each rail clamping device, get into job state.
11) unit moves ahead, artificial not 1/10 fastener of dismounting of dismounting fastener recovery vehicle bottom residue that continues, and with the fastener bulk storage of pulling down to the road heart.
12) fastener that is scattered in the heart is adsorbed on the fastener conveyer belt, and the fastener conveyer belt is sent to fastener in the fastener collection box at fastener recovery vehicle two ends.
Switch tracks when 13) unit moves ahead: be positioned over other and two kinds of operation operating mode adjustment of road heart rail jack according to old rail, track new, relayable rail is respectively:
When old rail is placed on the heart; Press shown in Fig. 4, the trajectory shown in Figure 5; Unit moves ahead in the process, and relayable rail is placed into orbit centre by the track of " rail support groove--tongs--the rail clamping device II--rail clamping device III--rail clamping device V--road heart "; New rail then is put in the sleeper rail support groove by the track in " by the road--tongs--rail clamping device I--rail clamping device I--rail clamping device I--rail clamping device IV--rail place device--rail support groove ".
When old rail is placed on the railway roadbed both sides; Press shown in Fig. 6, the trajectory shown in Figure 7; Unit moves ahead in the process, and relayable rail is placed into the track both sides by the track of " rail support groove--tongs--rail clamping device II--rail clamping device III--rail clamping device IV--sleeper both sides ";
New rail then is put in the rail support groove by the track in " by the road--tongs--rail clamping device I--rail clamping device I--rail clamping device I--rail clamping device V--rail place device--rail support groove ".
14) in place and clamping connection of installation splice bar or welding connection after manual work utilizes the short distance of rail place device to draw the rail function with new rail aligning joint location.
Beneficial effect of the present invention is:
The present invention is owing to all be provided with rail relayer guard rail hoisting device (being applied for a patent separately by the applicant) in the front and back of each working vehicle; Needs are carried, the rail level and the side of the new rail of whole first-class fasteners are not controlled to have removed the old rail Buddhist monk of most of fastener; Play certain centralizing function, the gauge that can when operation, keep two rails to be between erectility and two rails is constant, and the guard rail hoisting device also can be with respect to the whole swing of two one steel rails of clamping simultaneously; Produce certain side-play amount; Reduce the active force of bend rail to car body, with adapt to working vehicle's group in the curve highway section needs during operation, the guard rail hoisting device can avoid working vehicle in operation process, to slide down to greatest extent; Prevent the generation of derailment accident, guarantee job safety.Even also can vehicle be resetted after sliding down through the guard rail hoisting device, need not to adopt other lifting appliances, convenient and safe, workload is little, and operating efficiency is high, satisfies the needs of rapid construction.Bogie rose with maintenance and car body synchronously when the anti-drop device of bogie can make the mechanical car body that switches tracks rise; Realize wheel to the track contraposition; Owing to leave the gap between anticreep bearing and the locknut, in normal operation, extension fortune process, can not cause between bogie and the car body stuck because being provided with anti-drop device.
The present invention is owing to be provided with pressure pillow device (being applied for a patent separately by the applicant); Press and to work the member of pressing the pillow effect in the pillow device and be set to strip and press the pillow plate, increased the contact area and the span of pressing pillow member and sleeper greatly, even there is plurality of sleepers former thereby carried up by rail with relayable rail while that sticks together because of ageing of rubber etc.; Also be enough to simultaneously with its whole pressure holdings; Avoid railway ballast to slide into the sleeper bottom, guarantee that sleeper arrangement and position not because of being carried up the change in the process of switching tracks, influence the in place of rail; Play and press the pillow effect, eliminated the potential safety hazard that produces therefrom.
The present invention is owing to be provided with the rail draw off gear of being made up of the rail clamping device more than five (being applied for a patent separately by the applicant); In operation process; Rail clamping device through being distributed in diverse location grasps rail, can effectively control new rail and old rail because of the active force that the distance weak point that switches tracks, displacement, deformation produce greatly, realizes the machinery control automatically to rail; Avoid manpower to be controlled to be main existing potential safety hazard, be implemented in and accomplish the process that switches tracks in 50 meters.Promptly new rail is carried out clamping in less important work car section, can effectively control new rail,, can make new rail keep the bending with line synchronization in advance, the active force of the stylish rail that switches tracks is reduced greatly especially in the curve highway section during operation.Each rail clamping device agent structure is identical; Has good interchangeability; The structure of different rail clamp assemblies can play different effects, and the tumbling-type rail draw off gear (applicant applies for a patent separately) that promotes and receive new rail can reduce friction, and rail is got into smoothly; When rail has got into the interspersed again entering rail of rail draw off gear I, rail draw off gear II draw off gear III, rail draw off gear IV, rail draw off gear V; Adopting slidingtype rail draw off gear (applicant applies for a patent separately), be the needs of erectility with load-bearing and the control rail that satisfies rail, and shovel falls the rubber pad that is bonded at the relayable rail bottom surface because of aging.Each rail clamping device can require to regulate the center to center distance of two rails according to the rail track; Adapt to rail is in differing heights and horizontal range in the folding and unfolding process requirement; When the curve operation,, reduce the distortion action power between rail and the rail draw off gear through each mechanism's coordination of rail draw off gear.Each rail clamping device reasonable Arrangement under the operation car body; Near the rail place device, be provided with two rail clamping devices; The exchange of convenient new rail clamping and old rail clamping device; Adapt to the requirement that old rail is placed on the two kinds of different operating modes in the inboard or the outside, other when waiting construction of bridge section as being placed at old rail, can guarantee that rail can be positioned over inboard job requirements.
The present invention is owing to be provided with fastener recovery vehicle (being applied for a patent separately by the applicant) as the less important work car; It can efficiently adsorb bulk storage in the road in the heart fastener; And with absorption fastener evenly be stored in two fastener collection boxes at less important work car two ends; Realize all carrying, satisfy the movement requirement that trailing or leading bogie load-carrying difference is no more than respective standard.The last terminal transmission cylinder of uploading belt conveyor is by being fixed on the car body by the oscillating bearing supporting through U type connector; Transmission cylinder one point location in terminal in the realization; Make and upload belt conveyor integral body through oscillating bearing, two height adjusters realization three-point support location that are supported on the rail; This support pattern makes the fastener recovery vehicle through the less track of curve the time, and it uploads on the belt conveyor terminal can be in the swing in vertical, horizontal, vertical three direction certain angle scopes, avoids in the prior art being squinted in time terminal to cause side-play amount excessive because of uploading belt conveyor; Roller takes place to slide down or stuck phenomenon; Eliminate safe hidden trouble, improve operating efficiency, guarantee that magnetic rolls drum and can remain at the middle position between the two rails; Satisfy the job requirements of car body on the less track of sweep; Simple in structure, reliable, need not manual intervention in the operation process, can satisfy and on the circuit of sweep >=180m, carry out the needs that fastener reclaims operation.
Because rolling drum, magnetic of the present invention is the permanent magnet material; Strengthened the adsorption capacity of magnetic drum, when improving the absorption height, the high sleeper face operating mode in low two ends in the middle of can being adapted to; Make its absorption width bring up to 800~900mm by 500mm of the prior art; Its magnetic rolls the drum length degree can cover the width interval more than 90% between two tracks, can will become scattered about two interorbital fasteners and all reclaim, and has improved the fastener rate of recovery greatly; Fastener when also greatly reducing manual work dismounting fastener is placed requirement, improves operating efficiency effectively.
The present invention can be suitable for the needs of gapless track track quick track switching operating, and has safety, advantage that automaticity is high.
Railway track quick track switching operating of the present invention working vehicle important technological parameters does
1 synthetic job efficient 3.0km/h
2 operation hauling speeds (when switching tracks operation), 0~3.2km/h
3 operating environment temperature-20 ℃~+ 50 ℃
4 lighting conditions satisfy the night work condition
5 hang fortune highest running speed 120km/h
6 through smallest curve radius 180m
7 gauges: unit is hung the requirement that fortune meets GB 146.1-83 full gauge railway vehicle gauge of the locomotive.
Description of drawings
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing the present invention is further described:
Fig. 1 is a fastener recovery vehicle structural representation of the present invention
Fig. 2 is the working vehicle's structural representation that switches tracks of the present invention
Fig. 3 places road heart trajectory master for relayable rail of the present invention and looks sketch map
Fig. 4 places road heart trajectory schematic top plan view for relayable rail of the present invention
Fig. 5 places sleeper both sides trajectory master for relayable rail of the present invention and looks sketch map
Fig. 6 places sleeper both sides trajectory schematic top plan view for relayable rail of the present invention
Fig. 7 is the structural representation front view of tumbling-type rail clamping device of the present invention
Fig. 8 is the structural representation upward view of tumbling-type rail clamping device of the present invention
Fig. 9 is the structural representation front view of slidingtype rail clamping device of the present invention
Figure 10 is the structural representation upward view of slidingtype rail clamping device of the present invention
Figure 11 is a guard rail hoisting device structural representation front view of the present invention
Figure 12 is a guard rail hoisting device structural representation upward view of the present invention
Figure 13 is an anti-drop device structural representation of the present invention
Figure 14 presses pillow apparatus structure schematic front view for the present invention
Figure 15 presses pillow apparatus structure signal left view for the present invention
Figure 16 is the local structural representation in terminal on the belt conveyer of uploading of fastener recovery vehicle of the present invention
Figure 17 is that fastener recovery vehicle A of the present invention is to view
Among the figure:
1; Fastener recovery vehicle 2; Bogie 3; Rail draw off gear I 4; Tongs 5; Car-body of operation car 6 switches tracks; Rail draw off gear II 7; Rail draw off gear III 8; Rail draw off gear IV 9; Rail draw off gear V 10; Rail place device 11; Suspension bracket 12; Vertical oil cylinder 13; Hang shipping unit 14; Whole oscillating oil cylinder 15; Horizontal accent oil cylinder I 16; Guide holder 17; Strut 18; Small slide block I 19; Big slide block I 20; Horizontal accent oil cylinder II 21; Tread roller 22; Cylinder roller 23; Small slide block II 24; Big slide block II 25; Flange of rail roller 26; Tread pinch roller I27; Small slide block III 28; Big slide block III 29; Vertical roller I 30; Vertical roller II 31; Tread pinch roller II 32; Guard rail hoisting device 33; The vertical oil cylinder 34 of guard rail; Hang shipping unit 35; The whole oscillating oil cylinder 36 of guard rail; Guard rail suspension bracket 37; Supporter 38; Guard rail assembly 39; Vertical roller 40; Horizontal roller 41; Guard rail strut 42; Centrepin 43; Anticreep bearing 44; Locknut 45; Body center plate 46; Center bearing 47; Support 48; Square guide pin bushing 49; Oil cylinder 50; Circular guide pin bushing 51; Hang fortune latch 52; Circular guide rod 53; Press pillow plate 54; Pinch roller 55; Square guide rod 56; Chain 57; Roller 60; Wire tensioner 61; Press pillow device 62; Fastener collection box 63; Upload belt conveyor 64; Magnetic rolls drum 65; Height adjuster 66; Elevating mechanism 67; Oscillating bearing 68; Body panel 69; Holder 70; Belt 71; U type driving coupling part 72; The fastener retracting device
The specific embodiment
Embodiment 1:
A kind of railway track quick track switching operating working vehicle; As shown in Figure 2; The front and back end of the working vehicle's walking mechanism that switches tracks is provided with guard rail hoisting device 32; Car body between two bogies 2 of walking mechanism is arranged at intervals with the pressure that is used for the pressure holding sleeper for 5 times and rests the head on device 61, is used for clamping and moves the rail draw off gear of new rail and relayable rail, 6 operative positions that are used for rail rail place device 10 in place, are provided with as required, and pressure is rested the head on device 61 and is provided with near the bogie 2 at two ends respectively with rail place device 10.
The rail draw off gear comprises five rail clamping devices; Each rail clamping device has the positioning component of same structure; Wherein five rail clamping devices are suspended under working vehicle's 5 car bodies that switch tracks along the car body direction of travel at interval; Comprise each one of the rail clamping device I3, rail clamping device II6, rail clamping device III7, rail clamping device IV8, rail clamping device V9 of the clamp assemblies that has different structure respectively, two are arranged at the less important work car 1 time in addition, are rail clamping device I3.
Rail clamping device I3, rail clamping device II6 are tumbling-type rail clamping device; Rail clamping device III7, rail clamping device IV8, rail clamping device V9 are the slidingtype clamping device; Rail clamping device I3 is near the bogie of front end; Rail clamping device IV8, rail clamping device V9 contiguous each other and with rail place device 10 contiguous settings of adjacent back end bogie, rail clamping device II6, rail clamping device III7 are distributed in rail clamping device I3 and rail clamping device IV8 interlude.The structure of the positioning component of rail clamping device I3, rail clamping device II6, rail clamping device III7, rail clamping device IV8, rail clamping device V9 is: the suspension bracket 11 with crossbeam is fixed under the car body underframe; Strip guide holder 16 by two scalable vertical oil cylinders 12 suspensions of vertically down stretching from suspension bracket 11 crossbeams, be perpendicular to the length over ends of body direction and be horizontally disposed with; Guide holder 16 is arranged with guide rail with two the big slide blocks of horizontal movement above that suspend; The motion of two big slide blocks respectively by fixed end be fixed on the guide holder 16, movable end and joining two the scalable horizontal accent oil cylinder I15 controls of big slide block; Big slide block constitutes the clamping rail assemblies with the parts that are provided with on it; Suspension bracket 11 is provided with the following boom more than two; Wherein there are two following booms and guide holder 16 to keep at a distance and hinged by two pairs of struts 17 and guide holder 16 along the length over ends of body direction; Also have one to be positioned at same vertical section and to pass through telescopic integrally-regulated oil cylinder 14 hinged with guide holder 16 in the following boom with guide holder 16; Also be provided with the extension fortune mechanism 13 that is connected with suspension bracket 11 on the guide holder 16, hanging fortune mechanism 13 is to hang transportation and sales and flexible chaining from the rigidity of 11 times suspensions of suspension bracket, and integrally-regulated oil cylinder 14 is positioned on the base of chaining with the pin joint of guide holder 16.
The structure of the clamp assemblies of rail clamping device I 3 is: shown in Fig. 7-8; Big slide block I 19 has the big slide block box-shaped plate of inner space along guide holder 16 vertical strips of stretching, being symmetricly set in down under the guide holder 16; The top of big slide block box-shaped plate is provided with the guide groove that matches with guide holder 16 guide rails; The top of the inner space of big slide block box-shaped plate is provided with the guide rail of suspension small slide block I; The motion of small slide block I is fixed on the horizontal accent oil cylinder II20 control on the big slide block box-shaped plate by an end; Be hung with vertical roller under the small slide block I that hangs on the guide rail; That the top of the outer two sides of big slide block box-shaped plate all is fixed with is that level is stretched out, be in the tread roller 21 of sustained height with vertical roller, and the bottom of big slide block box-shaped plate end face is fixed with the cylinder roller 22 that stretches out from the end face level, and the difference in height of cylinder roller 22 upper surfaces and tread roller 21 is the rail height;
The structure of the clamp assemblies of rail clamping device II6 is: shown in Fig. 9-10; Big slide block II24 has the big slide block box-shaped plate of inner space along guide holder 16 vertical strips of stretching, being symmetricly set in down under the guide holder 16; The top of big slide block box-shaped plate is provided with the guide groove that matches with guide holder 16 guide rails; The top of the inner space of big slide block box-shaped plate is provided with the channled rail of suspension small slide block II23; The motion of small slide block II23 is fixed on the horizontal accent oil cylinder II20 control on the big slide block box-shaped plate by an end; Small slide block II23 top is for embedding the slide block of channled rail; The bottom is the small slide block box-shaped plate that strip has the inner space, and said big slide block box-shaped plate, small slide block box-shaped plate two opposing end faces are for constituting the concave surface of rail grasping part, and the end face bottom is fixed with the cylinder roller 22 that level is stretched out; Tread roller, the bottom that the top, side of big slide block box-shaped plate, small slide block box-shaped plate all is fixed with the clamping rail side that horizontal symmetrical stretches out is fixed with the flange of rail roller 25 of the clamping rail flange of rail side that horizontal symmetrical stretches out, and the difference in height of tread roller and flange of rail roller 25 is the rail height;
The structure of the clamp assemblies of slidingtype rail clamping device is: shown in Figure 13-15; Big slide block III28 vertically stretches, is symmetricly set in the rectangular plate under the guide holder 16 down along guide holder 16; The top of rectangular plate is provided with the guide groove that matches with guide holder 16 guide rails; The bottom of rectangular plate is provided with the guide rail of suspension small slide block III27; The motion of small slide block III27 is fixed on the horizontal accent oil cylinder II20 control on the big slide block III28 by an end; The end of guide rail is hung with the vertical roller I29 that the bottom has horizontal rail support face; Small slide block III27 is arranged with vertical roller II30 identical with vertical roller I structure, setting in parallel, the two sides of big slide block III28 are provided with tread pinch roller I26 and the tread pinch roller II31 with horizontal pressure holding face, and tread pinch roller I26, tread pinch roller II31 pressure holding face are between vertical roller I29, vertical roller II30; The distance of tread pinch roller I26 and vertical roller I29, vertical roller II30 rail support face is the rail height; The pressure holding face of tread pinch roller II31 is higher than tread pinch roller I26 pressure holding face, and tread pinch roller I26 and vertical roller I29, vertical roller II30 constitute the rail grasping part, and it is the needs in 750mm~3200mm that the horizontal level of two block length battens on guide holder 16 is controlled to be the center to center distance that relative distance satisfies the two rails grasping part by horizontal accent oil cylinder I15;
In the clamp assemblies of rail clamping device III7; It is inboard that vertical roller II30 is positioned at vertical roller I29; Be controlled at vertical roller I29 inboard by scalable horizontal accent oil cylinder II20 and move horizontally, it is the needs in 800mm~3000mm that the horizontal level of two block length battens on guide holder 16 is controlled to be the center to center distance that relative distance satisfies the two rails grasping part by horizontal accent oil cylinder I15 and horizontal accent oil cylinder II20;
In the clamp assemblies of rail clamping device IV8, rail clamping device V9; Vertical roller II30 is positioned at the vertical roller I29 outside; Being controlled at the vertical roller I29 outside by scalable horizontal accent oil cylinder II20 moves horizontally; It is the needs in 800mm~3000mm that the horizontal level of two block length battens on guide holder 16 is controlled to be the center to center distance that relative distance satisfies the two rails grasping part by horizontal accent oil cylinder I15 and horizontal accent oil cylinder II20; In the time of in working order, the guide holder 16 of rail clamping device V9 highly is lower than the guide holder 16200mm of rail clamping device IV8.
Guard rail hoisting device such as Figure 11, shown in Figure 12; It comprises perpendicular to the strip supporter 37 of car body 1 direct of travel setting, supporter 37 fixedly is suspended in the guard rail suspension bracket 36 under the car body and controls the control device that supporter 37 moves; Two ends under the supporter 37 respectively are provided with the guard rail assembly 38 of one group of clamping rail; Center to center distance between two guard rail assemblies 38 equates with the gauge between the gapless track two rails; Guard rail assembly 38 comprises uprightly be installed on supporter 37 soffits a pair of be used to the to roll vertical roller 39 of clamping rail two sides; Two respectively self-supporter 37 two sides levels stretch out the horizontal roller 40 of rail level on the pressure holding rail that is used to roll; Control device comprises the vertical oil cylinder of two scalable guard rails that supporter 37 is moved up and down with respect to car body 33, makes supporter 37 along the whole oscillating oil cylinder 35 of the telescopic guard rail of its length direction horizontal movement, and whole oscillating oil cylinder 35 1 ends of guard rail are fixed on the bearing of guard rail suspension bracket 36, and the other end is fixed in an end of supporter 37; Guard rail suspension bracket 36 is provided with that to stretch pillar under two hinged with the two ends of supporter 37 by two guard rail struts 41 respectively, and guard rail suspension bracket 36 is provided with hangs shipping unit 34.
The cartridge of bogie is provided with anti-drop device; Shown in figure 13; Cartridge comprises be connected with car body body center plate 45 and the center bearing 46 that is connected with bogie 2, and anti-drop device comprises that to be arranged at center bearing 46 centers, that upwards stretch out and pass the centrepin 42 of body center plate 45, and centrepin 42 upper ends are for being used to install locknut 44 thread segments; At the anticreep bearing 43 that also is provided with on the centrepin 42 between locknut 44 and car body, remain with the gap between anticreep bearing 43 and the locknut 44.
Press pillow device 61; Shown in Figure 14-15; It comprises along the horizontally disposed strip of car body direct of travel press pillow plate 53, be suspended in scalable oil cylinder 49 car body under, with the oil cylinder 49 parallel telescopic action loop bars that descend to stretch and with being fixed in the strip support 47 under the car body on oil cylinder 49, the movable loop bar; Press pillow plate 53 to be provided with four pinch rollers 54, movable loop bar comprises the square movable loop bar and the circular movable loop bar of oil cylinder 49 both sides that are placed in, and square movable loop bar is formed by square guide pin bushing 48 with at interior flexible square guide rod 55; Square guide pin bushing 48 is provided with 57, two roller 57 symmetries of two symmetrical embeddings roller on it and is butted on square guide rod 55 surfaces.
Circular movable loop bar is formed by circular guide pin bushing 50 with at interior flexible circular guide rod 53; Strip presses the two ends of pillow plate 53 by two chains that suspend for 47 times from support, 56 suspensions; The two ends up and down of chain 56 and oil cylinder 49 are the hinged securement mode; The upper end of movable loop bar is fixed on the support 47, and the lower end is articulated in presses on the pillow plate 53, and the length of chain 56 can be regulated by wire tensioner 60; All have on the guide pin bushing of movable loop bar and the guide rod and can insert the extension transportation and sales hole that hangs fortune latch 51, pressing the suspension height of pillow plate 53 duties is that pinch roller 54 can offset with the sleeper face.
Prove that through related detection railway track quick track switching operating working vehicle important technological parameters does
1 synthetic job efficient 3.0km/h
2 operation hauling speeds (when switching tracks operation), 0~3.2km/h
3 operating environment temperature-20 ℃~+ 50 ℃
4 lighting conditions satisfy the night work condition
5 hang fortune highest running speed 120km/h
6 through smallest curve radius 180m
7 gauges: unit is hung the requirement that fortune meets GB 146.1-83 full gauge railway vehicle gauge of the locomotive.
Embodiment 2:
A kind of railway track quick track switching operating working vehicle; As shown in Figure 2; It is to combine working vehicle's group by switch tracks working vehicle and less important work car (as shown in Figure 1); Less important work car 1 is positioned at working vehicle's 5 directions of advance that switch tracks; The front and back end of the working vehicle's walking mechanism that switches tracks is provided with guard rail hoisting device 32, and the car body between two bogies 2 of walking mechanism is arranged at intervals with the pressure that is used for the pressure holding sleeper for 5 times and rests the head on device 61, is used for clamping and moves the rail draw off gear of new rail and relayable rail, 6 operative positions that are used for rail rail place device 10 in place, are provided with as required, and pressure is rested the head on device 61 and is provided with near the bogie 2 at two ends respectively with rail place device 10.
The rail draw off gear comprises seven rail clamping devices; Wherein five be arranged under the car-body of operation car that switches tracks, two be arranged under the less important work car car body; Each rail clamping device has the positioning component of same structure; Wherein five rail clamping devices are suspended under working vehicle's 5 car bodies that switch tracks along the car body direction of travel at interval; Comprise each one of the rail clamping device I3, rail clamping device II6, rail clamping device III7, rail clamping device IV8, rail clamping device V9 of the clamp assemblies that has different structure respectively, two are arranged at the less important work car 1 time in addition, are rail clamping device I3.
Rail clamping device I3, rail clamping device II6 are tumbling-type rail clamping device; Rail clamping device III7, rail clamping device IV8, rail clamping device V9 are the slidingtype clamping device; Rail clamping device I3 is near the bogie of front end; Rail clamping device IV8, rail clamping device V9 contiguous each other and with rail place device 10 contiguous settings of adjacent back end bogie, rail clamping device II6, rail clamping device III7 are distributed in rail clamping device I3 and rail clamping device IV8 interlude.The structure of the positioning component of rail clamping device I3, rail clamping device II6, rail clamping device III7, rail clamping device IV8, rail clamping device V9 is: the suspension bracket 11 with crossbeam is fixed under the car body underframe; Strip guide holder 16 by two scalable vertical oil cylinders 12 suspensions of vertically down stretching from suspension bracket 11 crossbeams, be perpendicular to the length over ends of body direction and be horizontally disposed with; Guide holder 16 is arranged with guide rail with two the big slide blocks of horizontal movement above that suspend; The motion of two big slide blocks respectively by fixed end be fixed on the guide holder 16, movable end and joining two the scalable horizontal accent oil cylinder I15 controls of big slide block; Big slide block constitutes the clamping rail assemblies with the parts that are provided with on it; Suspension bracket 11 is provided with the following boom more than two; Wherein there are two following booms and guide holder 16 to keep at a distance and hinged by two pairs of struts 17 and guide holder 16 along the length over ends of body direction; Also have one to be positioned at same vertical section and to pass through telescopic integrally-regulated oil cylinder 14 hinged with guide holder 16 in the following boom with guide holder 16; Also be provided with the extension fortune mechanism 13 that is connected with suspension bracket 11 on the guide holder 16, hanging fortune mechanism 13 is to hang transportation and sales and flexible chaining from the rigidity of 11 times suspensions of suspension bracket, and integrally-regulated oil cylinder 14 is positioned on the base of chaining with the pin joint of guide holder 16.
The structure of the clamp assemblies of rail clamping device I3 is: shown in Fig. 7-8; Big slide block I19 has the big slide block box-shaped plate of inner space along guide holder 16 vertical strips of stretching, being symmetricly set in down under the guide holder 16; The top of big slide block box-shaped plate is provided with the guide groove that matches with guide holder 16 guide rails; The top of the inner space of big slide block box-shaped plate is provided with the guide rail of suspension small slide block I; The motion of small slide block I is fixed on the horizontal accent oil cylinder II20 control on the big slide block box-shaped plate by an end; Be hung with vertical roller under the small slide block I that hangs on the guide rail; That the top of the outer two sides of big slide block box-shaped plate all is fixed with is that level is stretched out, be in the tread roller 21 of sustained height with vertical roller, and the bottom of big slide block box-shaped plate end face is fixed with the cylinder roller 22 that stretches out from the end face level, and the difference in height of cylinder roller 22 upper surfaces and tread roller 21 is the rail height;
The structure of the clamp assemblies of rail clamping device II6 is: shown in Fig. 9-10; Big slide block II24 has the big slide block box-shaped plate of inner space along guide holder 16 vertical strips of stretching, being symmetricly set in down under the guide holder 16; The top of big slide block box-shaped plate is provided with the guide groove that matches with guide holder 16 guide rails; The top of the inner space of big slide block box-shaped plate is provided with the channled rail of suspension small slide block II23; The motion of small slide block II23 is fixed on the horizontal accent oil cylinder II20 control on the big slide block box-shaped plate by an end; Small slide block II23 top is for embedding the slide block of channled rail; The bottom is the small slide block box-shaped plate that strip has the inner space, and said big slide block box-shaped plate, small slide block box-shaped plate two opposing end faces are for constituting the concave surface of rail grasping part, and the end face bottom is fixed with the cylinder roller 22 that level is stretched out; Tread roller, the bottom that the top, side of big slide block box-shaped plate, small slide block box-shaped plate all is fixed with the clamping rail side that horizontal symmetrical stretches out is fixed with the flange of rail roller 25 of the clamping rail flange of rail side that horizontal symmetrical stretches out, and the difference in height of tread roller and flange of rail roller 25 is the rail height;
The structure of the clamp assemblies of slidingtype rail clamping device is: shown in Figure 13-15; Big slide block III28 vertically stretches, is symmetricly set in the rectangular plate under the guide holder 16 down along guide holder 16; The top of rectangular plate is provided with the guide groove that matches with guide holder 16 guide rails; The bottom of rectangular plate is provided with the guide rail of suspension small slide block III27; The motion of small slide block III27 is fixed on the horizontal accent oil cylinder II20 control on the big slide block III28 by an end; The end of guide rail is hung with the vertical roller I29 that the bottom has horizontal rail support face; Small slide block III27 is arranged with vertical roller II30 identical with vertical roller I structure, setting in parallel, the two sides of big slide block III28 are provided with tread pinch roller I26 and the tread pinch roller II31 with horizontal pressure holding face, and tread pinch roller I26, tread pinch roller II31 pressure holding face are between vertical roller I29, vertical roller II30; The distance of tread pinch roller I26 and vertical roller I29, vertical roller II30 rail support face is the rail height; The pressure holding face of tread pinch roller II31 is higher than tread pinch roller I26 pressure holding face, and tread pinch roller I26 and vertical roller I29, vertical roller II30 constitute the rail grasping part, and it is the needs in 750mm~3200mm that the horizontal level of two block length battens on guide holder 16 is controlled to be the center to center distance that relative distance satisfies the two rails grasping part by horizontal accent oil cylinder I15;
In the clamp assemblies of rail clamping device III7; It is inboard that vertical roller II30 is positioned at vertical roller I29; Be controlled at vertical roller I29 inboard by scalable horizontal accent oil cylinder II20 and move horizontally, it is the needs in 800mm~3000mm that the horizontal level of two block length battens on guide holder 16 is controlled to be the center to center distance that relative distance satisfies the two rails grasping part by horizontal accent oil cylinder I15 and horizontal accent oil cylinder II20;
In the clamp assemblies of rail clamping device IV8, rail clamping device V9; Vertical roller II30 is positioned at the vertical roller I29 outside; Being controlled at vertical roller I 29 outsides by scalable horizontal accent oil cylinder II20 moves horizontally; It is the needs in 800mm~3000mm that the horizontal level of two block length battens on guide holder 16 is controlled to be the center to center distance that relative distance satisfies the two rails grasping part by horizontal accent oil cylinder I 15 and horizontal accent oil cylinder II 20; In the time of in working order, the guide holder 16 of rail clamping device V9 highly is lower than the guide holder 16200mm of rail clamping device IV8.Guard rail hoisting device such as Figure 11, shown in Figure 12; It comprises perpendicular to the strip supporter 37 of car body 1 direct of travel setting, supporter 37 fixedly is suspended in the guard rail suspension bracket 36 under the car body and controls the control device that supporter 37 moves; Two ends under the supporter 37 respectively are provided with the guard rail assembly 38 of one group of clamping rail; Center to center distance between two guard rail assemblies 38 equates with the gauge between the gapless track two rails; Guard rail assembly 38 comprises uprightly be installed on supporter 37 soffits a pair of be used to the to roll vertical roller 39 of clamping rail two sides; Two respectively self-supporter 37 two sides levels stretch out the horizontal roller 40 of rail level on the pressure holding rail that is used to roll; Control device comprises the vertical oil cylinder of two scalable guard rails that supporter 37 is moved up and down with respect to car body 33, makes supporter 37 along the whole oscillating oil cylinder 35 of the telescopic guard rail of its length direction horizontal movement, and whole oscillating oil cylinder 35 1 ends of guard rail are fixed on the bearing of guard rail suspension bracket 36, and the other end is fixed in an end of supporter 37; Guard rail suspension bracket 36 is provided with that to stretch pillar under two hinged with the two ends of supporter 37 by two guard rail struts 41 respectively, and guard rail suspension bracket 36 is provided with hangs shipping unit 34.
The cartridge of bogie is provided with anti-drop device; Shown in figure 13; Cartridge comprises be connected with car body body center plate 45 and the center bearing 46 that is connected with bogie 2; Anti-drop device comprises that to be arranged at center bearing 46 centers, that upwards stretch out and pass the centrepin 42 of body center plate 45; Centrepin 42 upper ends are the thread segment that is used to install locknut 44, at the anticreep bearing 43 that also is provided with on the centrepin 42 between locknut 44 and car body, remain with the gap between anticreep bearing 43 and the locknut 44.
Press pillow device 61; Shown in Figure 14-15; It comprises along the horizontally disposed strip of car body direct of travel press pillow plate 53, be suspended in scalable oil cylinder 49 car body under, with the oil cylinder 49 parallel telescopic action loop bars that descend to stretch and with being fixed in the strip support 47 under the car body on oil cylinder 49, the movable loop bar; Press pillow plate 53 to be provided with four pinch rollers 54, movable loop bar comprises the square movable loop bar and the circular movable loop bar of oil cylinder 49 both sides that are placed in, and square movable loop bar is formed by square guide pin bushing 48 with at interior flexible square guide rod 55; Square guide pin bushing 48 is provided with 57, two roller 57 symmetries of two symmetrical embeddings roller on it and is butted on square guide rod 55 surfaces.
Circular movable loop bar is formed by circular guide pin bushing 50 with at interior flexible circular guide rod 53; Strip presses the two ends of pillow plate 53 by two chains that suspend for 47 times from support, 56 suspensions; The two ends up and down of chain 56 and oil cylinder 49 are the hinged securement mode; The upper end of movable loop bar is fixed on the support 47, and the lower end is articulated in presses on the pillow plate 53, and the length of chain 56 can be regulated by wire tensioner 60; All have on the guide pin bushing of movable loop bar and the guide rod and can insert the extension transportation and sales hole that hangs fortune latch 51, pressing the suspension height of pillow plate 53 duties is that pinch roller 54 can offset with the sleeper face.
The front and back end of fastener recovery vehicle 1 walking mechanism is provided with guard rail hoisting device 32; Upload that the terminal is a driving drum on the belt conveyer 63; Driving drum is by motor-driven; Following terminal is that the magnetic that is used to draw fastener rolls drum 64, be provided with the edge rib and at a distance from the belt of band fastener is uploaded, the fastener horizontal conveyance device be respectively to two horizontal belt conveyers of different length direction extension; Upload that end is provided with part flow arrangement on the belt conveyor 63, part flow arrangement is provided with the chute that twice extend to two horizontal belt conveyer initiating terminals respectively.
The car body rear and front end is provided with the fastener collection box 62 of accepting fastener, under the car body between fastener recovery vehicle walking mechanism two bogies 2 successively at interval suspension be provided with rail clamping device I3, tongs 4, upload belt conveyor 63, tongs 4, rail clamping device I 3.Shown in Figure 16-17; The belt conveyor 63 of uploading of fastener recovery vehicle attaches belt conveyer for magnetic; Upload the driving drum central axis two ends at the last terminal of belt conveyor 63 and go up point supportings by two of U type driving coupling part 71, U type driving coupling part 71 has a lower fulcrum, lower fulcrum by oscillating bearing 67 supportings through holder 69 on body panel 68; Magnetic rolls drum 64 and is the permanent magnet material, and it is 800mm that magnetic rolls drum 64 length.The distance of uploading 63 times terminals of belt conveyor and car body bottom surface is by being fixed in integral elevating mechanism 66 controls on the car body or fixing with car body; The central axis that magnetic rolls drum 64 is installed on the height adjuster 65; Height adjuster 65 have can the roller of walking on the rail be fixed on the roller, roll drum 64 central axiss, have the support body of height adjustment mechanism along the car body direct of travel level supporting magnetic that protracts, it is to satisfy the requirement of distance between 0~500mm that magnetic rolls drum 64 minimum points and sleeper face in the up-down of short transverse by the height adjustment mechanism controls that magnetic rolls drum 64.
When the rail draw off gear that adopts above-mentioned gapless track track quick track switching operating working vehicle group carries out rail folding and unfolding operation; The other new rail of relayable rail two side lines is in place to rail support groove with being positioned over; When simultaneously relayable rail being moved away from rail support groove and being placed on the heart; Like Fig. 3, shown in Figure 4, relayable rail is undertaken by the track of " rail support groove--the rail clamping device II6--rail clamping device III7--rail clamping device V9--road heart "; New rail is undertaken by the track in " by the road--rail clamping device 3--rail clamping device I3--rail clamping device I3--rail clamping device IV8--rail place device 4--rail support groove ".
When the rail draw off gear that adopts above-mentioned gapless track track quick track switching operating working vehicle group carries out rail folding and unfolding operation; The other new rail in relayable rail road is in place to rail support groove with being positioned over; When simultaneously relayable rail being moved away from rail support groove and being placed on the sleeper both sides; Like Fig. 5, shown in Figure 6, relayable rail is undertaken by the track of " rail support groove--rail clamping device II6--rail clamping device III7--rail clamping device IV8--sleeper both sides "; New rail is undertaken by the track in " by the road--rail clamping device I3--rail clamping device I3--rail clamping device I3--rail clamping device V9--rail place device 4--rail support groove ".

Claims (7)

1. gapless track track quick track switching operating working vehicle; It is characterized in that: comprise switching tracks working vehicle's walking mechanism and being arranged at the pillow of the pressure under car body device, rail draw off gear, rail place device, operative position between walking mechanism forecarriage and the trailing bogie; The described working vehicle's walking mechanism that switches tracks is provided with guard rail hoisting device; Described pressure pillow device is arranged at after the forecarriage; Described rail place device is near the trailing bogie setting, and described rail draw off gear is made up of at least two pairs of tongs and five rail clamping devices that are provided with at interval at least;
Described guard rail hoisting device is under the car body at the rear of the place ahead of walking mechanism forecarriage and trailing bogie, to be fixed with the guard rail hoisting device respectively; On forecarriage and trailing bogie, be respectively arranged with anti-drop device; Described guard rail hoisting device be provided with make track be kept upright and two rails between constant distance, with walking mechanism integral jacking and the parts that laterally move, described anti-drop device is provided with and makes bogie and the vertical fixedly all-in-one-piece of car body parts; Described pressure pillow device comprises that following away the horizontally disposed strip of mechanism's car body direct of travel presses the pillow plate, pressing wheel device is suspended in the scalable oil cylinder car body under, the parallel telescopic action loop bar of stretching down with oil cylinder and with being fixed in the strip support under the car body on oil cylinder, the movable loop bar, described pressure is rested the head on plate and is provided with at least four pinch rollers; Described rail draw off gear comprises tumbling-type rail clamping device and slidingtype rail clamping device; Be arranged at the rail clamping device I of pressing between pillow device and the forecarriage and contiguous to press the rail clamping device II of pillow device be the tumbling-type rail clamping device with the clamp assemblies that contacts with the rail flange of rail and side rolling; Rail clamping device IV, the rail clamping device V of contiguous rail place device setting and be arranged at rail clamping device II and rail clamping device III between the rail clamping device IV and be the slidingtype rail clamping device that has with the sliding-contact of the rail flange of rail, the clamp assemblies that contacts with the rolling of rail side; The distance that described rail clamping device III, rail clamping device IV, rail clamping device V satisfy between the two rails is that 750~3200mm, rail foot surface are the requirement of 0~1000mm from the distance of rail support groove bottom surface; The described suspension at interval that switches tracks between two bogies of working vehicle's walking mechanism successively is provided with tongs, rail clamping device I, presses pillow device, rail clamping device II, rail clamping device III, rail clamping device IV, rail clamping device V, tongs, rail place device, and described rail clamping device IV, rail clamping device V, rail place device are contiguous each other to be provided with.
2. gapless track track quick track switching operating according to claim 1 working vehicle; It is characterized in that: described gapless track track quick track switching operating working vehicle and less important work car combine working vehicle's group, and described rail draw off gear also comprises at least two tumbling-type rail clamping devices that are arranged under the less important work car car body.
3. gapless track track quick track switching operating according to claim 2 working vehicle; It is characterized in that: the less important work car is the fastener recovery vehicle; The front and back end of described fastener recovery vehicle walking mechanism is provided with the guard rail hoisting device; Hang at interval successively under the car body between described fastener recovery vehicle walking mechanism two bogies and be provided with rail clamping device I, tongs, fastener retracting device, tongs, rail clamping device I; The fastener retracting device of described fastener recovery vehicle is that magnetic attaches belt conveyer, and described fastener recovery vehicle is provided with the fastener collection box of two car body rear and front ends that are placed in.
4. gapless track track quick track switching operating according to claim 3 working vehicle, it is characterized in that: the last terminal that the magnetic of described fastener recovery vehicle attaches belt conveyer is supported on the body panel by oscillating bearing through U type connector.
5. gapless track railway track quick track switching operating operational method; It adopts each described gapless track track quick track switching operating working vehicle construction of claim 2-4; It reclaims less important work by the less important work car at the preceding fastener that carries out earlier, and by the working vehicle that the switches tracks operation that switches tracks, the operation that switches tracks is divided into relayable rail folding and unfolding operation and new rail folding and unfolding operation two parts again; Described relayable rail folding and unfolding operation is carried out with new rail folding and unfolding operation simultaneously; Described relayable rail folding and unfolding operation be earlier with old rail vertical-lift behind the spatial altitude that staggers with new rail, again with old rail level to the inside or the outside push, get into old rail and be scheduled to installation position; Described new steel rail laying operation is earlier new rail to be presetted in the rail both sides, after rail support groove is left in the relayable rail lifting, new rail is promoted and vertically transfers to rail support groove.
6. gapless track railway track quick track switching operating operational method according to claim 5; It is characterized in that: it is divided into two groups with the new rail of rail clamping device basis more than seven of rail draw off gear and the trajectory that switches tracks of relayable rail; One group is the new rail draw off gear that is used for the new rail of clamping; Another group is for being used for the relayable rail draw off gear of clamping relayable rail; Described new rail draw off gear comprises four rail clamping devices at least, and wherein at least two are arranged under the less important work car, and at least two are arranged under the working vehicle that switches tracks; Described relayable rail draw off gear comprises at least three rail clamping devices that are arranged under the working vehicle that switches tracks; It is that the new rail that is positioned over relayable rail two side lines side is in place to rail support groove, simultaneously relayable rail is moved away from rail support groove and is placed on the heart, is placed on the heart by rail clamping device II, rail clamping device III, the clamping of rail clamping device V at least after described relayable rail is sling from rail support groove by tongs; Described new rail is sent into the rail place device by its rail support groove of sending in place by the clamping of rail clamping device IV by the clamping of three rail clamping device I after being sling from the side, road by tongs at least again.
7. gapless track railway track quick track switching operating operational method according to claim 5; It is characterized in that: it is divided into two groups with the new rail of rail clamping device basis more than seven of rail draw off gear and the trajectory that switches tracks of relayable rail; One group is the new rail draw off gear that is used for the new rail of clamping; Another group is for being used for the relayable rail draw off gear of clamping relayable rail; Described new rail draw off gear comprises four rail clamping devices at least, and wherein at least two are arranged under the less important work car, and at least two are arranged under the working vehicle that switches tracks; Described relayable rail draw off gear comprises at least three rail clamping devices that are arranged under the working vehicle that switches tracks; It is that the new rail that is positioned over side, relayable rail road is in place to rail support groove, simultaneously relayable rail is moved away from rail support groove and is placed on the sleeper both sides, places the sleeper both sides by rail clamping device II, rail clamping device III, the clamping of rail clamping device IV at least after described relayable rail is sling from rail support groove by tongs; Described new rail by tongs from the road other sling the back by after the clamping of at least three rail clamping device I again by the clamping of rail clamping device V, deliver to rail place device entering rail support groove in place.
CN2009102257122A 2009-11-23 2009-11-23 Fast rail-exchanging vehicle for jointless track and rail-exchanging method Expired - Fee Related CN101718066B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

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CN103898814B (en) * 2014-04-21 2015-08-12 湖南敏锐科技有限公司 Switch tracks working vehicle and assemble method thereof with traverse moving function, switch tracks operational method
CN104264549B (en) * 2014-10-15 2016-08-17 株洲时代电子技术有限公司 Track quick track switching operating Operation Van and operational method thereof
CN104264550B (en) * 2014-10-19 2016-04-27 金鹰重型工程机械有限公司 Railway switches tracks working vehicle
CN104499390B (en) * 2014-12-25 2016-01-20 西南交通大学 A kind of rail-welding vehicle multistage rail saves soldered replacement work method
CN104948515B (en) * 2015-04-30 2017-06-06 株洲时代电子技术有限公司 Guard rail hoisting device and its hydraulic system control method
CN108797235B (en) * 2017-07-20 2020-05-08 中铁二十一局集团路桥工程有限公司 Continuous dragging type track laying construction process for 25-meter standard track
CN107687113B (en) * 2017-09-08 2019-05-07 中车沈阳机车车辆有限公司 The anti-turning-up devices of rail
CN107761488B (en) * 2017-10-26 2019-07-30 刘美琴 A kind of railway construction machine guard rail hoisting device

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