CN101711663B - Endoscope axially provided with lighting fiber - Google Patents

Endoscope axially provided with lighting fiber Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101711663B
CN101711663B CN 200910218701 CN200910218701A CN101711663B CN 101711663 B CN101711663 B CN 101711663B CN 200910218701 CN200910218701 CN 200910218701 CN 200910218701 A CN200910218701 A CN 200910218701A CN 101711663 B CN101711663 B CN 101711663B
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endoscope
beam
barrel
disposed
lens
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CN 200910218701
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Chinese (zh)
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CN101711663A (en )
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吕建成
姚胜利
李小刚
王炜
白龙
马福新
马红章
骆永明
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飞秒光电科技(西安)有限公司
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Abstract

The invention relates to an endoscope axially provided with lighting fiber, solving the technical problems that the endoscope in the prior art has heavy hand feel and large volume, is not favourable for endoscope asepsis protection, has long combination and separation time of endoscope, video cable and circumscribed light beams as well as has high cost. The endoscope comprises an endoscope body, an endoscope tube fixed on the front end of the endoscope body, a built-in light beam, a combination line and a coherent fiber bundle arranged in the endoscope tube. The endoscope has the advantage oflight operation and reduces occupation space of the endoscope hand-held position.

Description

一种轴向设置照明光纤的内窥镜 An axial setting of the endoscope illumination fiber

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明涉及一种医疗器械,尤其涉及一种到医用内窥镜。 [0001] The present invention relates to a medical instrument, particularly to a medical endoscope to. 背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 随着现代化科学技术的发展,医用硬管内窥镜已经被广泛的应用于医疗领域,它是人类窥视体内器官的重要工具之一。 [0002] With the development of modern science and technology, medical rigid endoscopes have been widely used in the medical field, it is an important tool for human peep internal organs. 目前临床上使用的医用硬管内窥镜的后端图像显示及获取方式主要有三种:第一种,如图1所示,是在内窥镜的后端设计了目镜37,通过目镜37获取图像;第二种,如图2所示,是将设计有目镜37的硬管内窥镜通过耦合镜头与光电转换传感器39组合并在监视器或显示器上获取图像;第三种,如图3所示,是硬管内窥镜不带目镜直接通过耦合镜头40与光电转换传感器39联接并在监视器或显示器上获取图像。 Currently rear rigid endoscopes of the medical image using the display and obtaining clinically There are three main ways: first, as shown, is designed at the rear end of the endoscope eyepiece 371, acquires an image through the eyepiece 37 ; second, as shown in FIG, 2 is designed with rigid endoscopes eyepiece 37 through 39 in combination with the coupling lens and the photoelectric conversion sensor acquires an image on a monitor or display; the third, shown in Figure 3 is rigid endoscopes without eyepiece acquired images on a monitor or display directly coupled with the lens 40 and the photoelectric conversion sensor 39 is coupled.

[0003] 目前,这三种内窥镜的照明光纤的光输入端接口设计均是沿内窥镜的径向布置的,有的光纤的光轴垂直于内窥镜光轴,有光纤的光轴与内窥镜光轴成一定角度,这些沿内窥镜的径向布置的结构均存在如下缺点: [0003] Currently, optical input interfaces of these three design endoscope illumination fiber are arranged in the radial direction of the endoscope, the optical axis of the optical fiber in an endoscope and some optical axis, the optical fiber has the endoscope shaft axis angled radially disposed along the endoscope these structures are the following disadvantages:

[0004] 1、内窥镜操作时手感沉重:由于光纤是沿内窥镜的径向布置的,当外接光纤与内窥镜联接后,使得内窥镜的重心偏离了内窥镜的光轴,在内窥镜操作时产生了一个附加力矩,医生在操作时必须用力来平衡这一力矩,使得手感沉重,手臂酸困。 [0004] 1, the endoscope operation feel heavy: Since the optical fiber is arranged in the radial direction of the endoscope when the endoscope is coupled with the external optical fiber, such that the center of gravity deviates from the optical axis of the endoscope of the endoscope generating an additional torque during endoscopic procedures, the physician must balance the force during operation of the torque, so that the feel heavy, arm soreness. 在内窥镜进入人体内腔道时感到操作不便,特别是有些内窥镜在手术或检查时需要转动一定的角度那就更困难了。 Inconvenience when operating the endoscope into the body lumen road, especially when endoscopic surgery or some need to check it more difficult to rotate a certain angle.

[0005] 2、内窥镜手持部位体积增加:由于内窥镜照明光纤的输入端在内窥镜上是沿内窥镜的直径方向布置的,使内窥镜的径向尺寸加大。 [0005] 2, increasing the volume of the endoscope holding portion: Since the input end of the endoscope in the endoscope illumination fiber diameter direction of the endoscope is disposed, so that the radial dimension of the endoscope to increase. 占用了一定的手术操作空间,给其使用带来了不便。 Occupy a certain amount of operative space, to their use inconvenience.

[0006] 3、不利于内窥镜的无菌防护:由于不带目镜的内窥镜不能浸泡消毒和高温消毒, 因此通常要在手持部位加装无菌防护套。 [0006] 3, is not conducive to the sterile endoscope protection: since the endoscope eyepiece not without immersion sterilization and high temperature sterilization, it is often installed to the handheld portion sterile protective sheath. 由于内窥镜照明光纤的输入端在内窥镜上是沿内窥镜的直径方向布置的,在内窥镜的手持部位形成了T字形结构,给内窥镜手持部位的无菌防护套的设计安装造成了困难。 Since the endoscope illumination fiber input end of the endoscope is disposed in the diameter direction of the endoscope in the endoscope holding portion forms a T-shaped structure, to the sterile protective sheath of the endoscope holding portion design and installation caused difficulties.

[0007] 4、增加了内窥镜与视频线和外接径向布置的光束36的组合与分离时间:由于视频线和外接光束与内窥镜是在两个部位结合的,组合与分离必须在两个部位进行操作,多了一次操作,延长了组合与分离时间。 [0007] 4, increasing the separation time in combination with the endoscope and the external video line 36 is radially arranged beams: light beam due to the external video cable and the endoscope are bonded in two locations, it must be combined with a separate two operation portions, a multi-operation, in combination with the extension of the separation time.

[0008] 5、在内窥镜和外接视频线、光束并合线上有两个插头、插座,一个是视频线插头、 插座,另一个是外接光束插头38、插座,增加了材料成本和装配成本。 [0008] 5, in the endoscope and the external video line, line merging beam has two plugs, sockets, a video cable plugs, sockets, and the other is external beam plug 38, socket, increased material costs and assembly cost.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0009] 本发明目的是提供一种轴向设置照明光纤的内窥镜,以克服现有技术内窥镜手感沉重、体积大、不利于内窥镜的无菌防护、内窥镜与视频线和外接光束的组合与分离时间长以及成本高的技术问题。 [0009] The object of the present invention is to provide an endoscope illumination fiber disposed axially to overcome the prior art endoscopes feel heavy, bulky, sterile protection against the endoscope, the endoscope video line and long separation time, and combined with the high cost of the technical problem of the external light beam.

[0010] 本发明的技术方案为:[0011] 一种轴向设置照明光纤的内窥镜,其特殊之处是: [0010] aspect of the present invention is: [0011] An endoscope illumination fiber disposed axially, is particularities:

[0012] 包括镜体、固定在镜体前端的镜管、内置光束、并合线以及设置在镜管内的传像束;所述镜体包括镜筒、镜头、CCD光电传感器、插座,所述传像束从镜管内伸入镜筒的前端,所述镜头和CCD光电传感器设置在镜筒内部中间,所述插座设置在镜筒的后端;所述插座包括内置光束插座和视频线母针芯;所述传像束、镜头、CCD光电传感器构成光学成像系统,所述CCD光电传感器的输出端与视频线母针芯相连;所述内置光束的一端与内置光束插座相连,其另一端从镜筒的前端伸入镜管内,其中部轴向设置在CCD光电传感器和镜头的外侧但偏离内窥镜的轴线;所述并合线包括外接插头、视频线、光束、视频线插头、光束插头,所述外接插头包括视频线公针芯和光锥;所述视频线的一端与视频线公针芯相连,其另一端与视频线插头相连;所述光束的一端与光锥耦 [0012] comprising a mirror body fixed to the end of the scope of the mirror tube, built-beam, and merging wire disposed in mirror image fiber tube; said mirror body comprises a barrel, lens, CCD photoelectric sensor, a receptacle, the the distal end extending into the barrel from the image fiber tube inner mirror, the lens and the photosensor CCD disposed inside the intermediate lens barrel, the rear end of the socket is provided in the lens barrel; said socket comprises a socket and a built-in video beam line female contacts die; the image fiber, lens, CCD photosensors constituting the optical imaging system, connected to the output of the photosensor CCD video line female contacts; built-in one end of the beam is connected to the built-in socket beam, from the other end the front end of the inner barrel projects into the mirror tube, wherein the outer portion is disposed axially photosensor CCD and lens, but offset from the axis of the endoscope; and close the external line comprises a plug, video cable, light, video cable plug, the plug beam the external video cable plug includes a light cone and male contacts; end of the video cable is connected to the video line male contacts and the other end connected to the video line plug; end of the beam coupled to the light cone 合,其另一端与光束插头相连;所述视频线公针芯与视频线母针芯插接配合,所述光锥插入内置光束插座内并与内置光束耦合。 Together, the plug and the other end connected to the beam; the video line the video line male contacts female contacts mating connector, the light cone is inserted into the receptacle and is built within the beam built-beam coupling.

[0013] 上述镜管内并行设置有物镜镜筒和光束套管,传像束的前端及自聚焦物镜设于物镜镜筒内,且自聚焦物镜设置于传像束前方,内置光束设置在光束套管内。 [0013] within the mirror tube is provided with a parallel beam lens barrel and the cannula, the distal end of the image bundle from the sleeve and the beam focusing objective lens disposed in the lens barrel, and the self-focusing lens disposed in front of the image fiber, the light beam is provided built tube.

[0014] 上述镜管内设置有物镜镜筒和光束套管,且物镜镜筒设置在光束套管内;自聚焦物镜和传像束的前端设于物镜镜筒内,且聚焦物镜设置于传像束前方;所述内置光束设置在光束套管和物镜镜筒之间。 Within [0014] the mirror tube is provided with a light beam and the objective lens barrel sleeve, and the lens barrel is disposed within the beam tube; focusing objective from the distal end of the image bundle and disposed in the lens barrel, and the focus of the objective lens disposed in the image bundle front; a built-in beam is provided between the beam and the objective lens barrel sleeve.

[0015] 上述镜头可沿轴向调节;所述镜筒上设有可固定镜头位置的镜头调节螺钉。 [0015] The lens can be adjusted in an axial direction; the lens position can be fixed with the adjustment screw on the lens barrel.

[0016] 上述镜筒上设置有可调节传像束中心相对于C⑶光电传感器中心位置的调节螺钉。 [0016] The adjusting screw is provided with an adjustable image bundle with respect to the center position of the center of the photosensor C⑶ said barrel.

[0017] 上述锁紧帽上设置有锁紧杆,用于锁紧帽的限位并增加锁紧力矩; [0017] provided on said locking bar has a locking cap, the locking cap and the stopper for tightening torque increases;

[0018] 上述并合线包括分线盒,分线盒的前端将视频线和光束并行后送入外接插头,分线盒的后端将视频线和光束分开。 [0018] The wire includes merging junction box, the junction box of the front end of the external connection plug into the parallel beam and the video line, the junction box and the rear end of the beam to separate the video cable.

[0019] 上述镜筒上设置有锁紧帽,用于将镜鞘固定在镜筒上。 [0019] disposed on said barrel with a locking nut for fixing the sheath on the mirror barrel.

[0020] 本发明的技术效果为: [0020] Technical effects of the invention are:

[0021] 1、内窥镜操作轻便。 [0021] 1, the endoscope easy operation. 由于内窥镜的照明光纤是沿内窥镜的轴向设计的,没有外接光纤带来的附加力矩,手术中内窥镜操作轻便,转动灵活。 Since the endoscope of the endoscope illumination fiber along an axial design, there is no additional torque caused by an external optical fiber, endoscopic surgical operation light, flexible rotation.

[0022] 2、减少内窥镜手持部位所占用的空间。 [0022] 2, to reduce the space occupied by the endoscope holding portion. 由于内窥镜的照明光纤是沿内窥镜的轴向设计的,从而减少了外接光纤所占用的空间。 Since the endoscope illumination fiber along the axial direction of the endoscope design, thus reducing the space occupied by an external optical fiber.

[0023] 3、有利于内窥镜手柄部位的无菌防护。 [0023] 3, facilitate a sterile protection of the endoscope at the handle. 由于内窥镜的照明光纤是沿内窥镜的轴向设计的,内窥镜的手柄部位是圆柱形结构而非T字形结构,便于套装无菌防护套。 Since the endoscope of the endoscope illumination fiber along the axial design, the handle portion of the endoscope is T-shaped structure rather than cylindrical configuration, facilitates aseptic packages protective cover.

[0024] 4、缩短了内窥镜视频线和传光束的插拔时间。 [0024] 4, to shorten the transmission line and the video endoscope plug beam time. 由于内窥镜的视频线和光束设计为二合一的插头插座,只需插拔一次就能完成外接视频线、光束与内窥镜的组合与分离。 Since the endoscope video lines and the beam combo plug and socket design, only one plug can be done in combination with a separate external video cable, a beam with the endoscope.

[0025] 5、降低了生产成本。 [0025] 5, reducing production costs. 由于内窥镜的视频线和光束的插头、插座设计为二合一结构, 减少了材料消耗并降低了加工及装配费用。 Because the plug and the endoscope video line beam, combo socket structure is designed to reduce the material consumption and reduce the processing and assembly costs.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0026] 图1是现有的第一种带目镜内窥镜的光束径向布置结构图。 [0026] FIG. 1 is a conventional arrangement of a first light beam radially configuration diagram of an endoscope with an eyepiece.

[0027] 图2是现有的第二种带目镜的内窥镜的光束径向布置结构和光电传感器联接的结构图。 [0027] FIG. 2 is a configuration diagram of a conventional arrangement of a light beam radially with the second endoscope eyepiece and a photosensor coupled. [0028] 图3是现有不带目镜的内窥镜的光束径向布置结构和光电传感器联接的结构图。 [0028] FIG. 3 is a configuration diagram of the beam structure disposed radially without a conventional endoscope eyepiece and a photosensor coupled.

[0029] 图4是内窥镜的结构示意图。 [0029] FIG. 4 is a schematic diagram of an endoscope.

[0030] 图5是图4中A处的第一种结构放大图,即第一种镜管的结构示意图。 [0030] FIG. 5 is a first structure 4 at A in an enlarged view, a schematic view of a first configuration, i.e. the mirror tube.

[0031] 图6是镜体的结构示意图。 [0031] FIG. 6 is a schematic view of the lens body.

[0032] 图7是并合线的结构示意图。 [0032] FIG. 7 is a schematic view of line merging.

[0033] 图8是图4中A处的第二种结构放大图,即第二种镜管的结构示意图。 [0033] FIG 8 is a second structure A of FIG. 4 an enlarged view of a schematic structure of the tube, i.e. the second mirror.

[0034] 附图标记如下: [0034] reference numerals are as follows:

[0035] 1-并合线,2-并合线软护套,3-外接光束,4-光束外套,5-视频线公针芯,6_外接插头,7-针芯绝缘套,8-插座,9-视频线母针芯,10-插座绝缘体,11-内置光束插座,12-内置光束,13-CXD光电传感器视频线,14-CXD光电传感器,15-C⑶光电传感器压圈,16-镜头, 17-镜头调节螺钉,18-前护套,19-镜筒,20-调节螺钉,21-镜管,22-锁紧帽,23-锁紧杆, 24-传像束,25-后护套,26-紧定螺钉,27-光锥,28-分线盒,29-视频线,30-光束,31-光束插头,32-视频线插头,33-物镜镜筒,34-自聚焦物镜,35-光束套管,36-径向布置的光束,37-目镜,38-外接光束插头,39-光电传感器,40-耦合镜头。 [0035] 1- merging line, line merging sock 2-, 3- external light beam, beams coat 4-, 5- video line male contacts, the plug external 6_, 7-pin core insulation sheath, 8- socket, 9- video line female contacts, socket-insulator 10-, 11- built socket beam, the beam built 12-, 13-CXD photosensor video cable, 14-CXD photoelectric sensor, 15-C⑶ photosensor pressure ring, 16- lens, 17 lens adjustment screw, the sheath 18 before, 19 barrel, the adjustment screw 20, the mirror tunnel 21, 22 locking cap, the locking lever 23-, 24- image bundles, after 25 jacket, set screws 26-, 27- cone of light junction box 28-, 29- video lines, beam 30-, 31- plug beam, 32- video cable plug, the objective lens barrel 33, from focus 34- the objective lens, the beam tube 35, radially arranged beams 36-, 37- ocular, external beam plug 38-, 39- photoelectric sensor, a coupling lens 40.

具体实施方式 detailed description

[0036] 由图4至图8可知,在镜管21内设置有传像束M和内置光束12,其中传像束M 用于传递图像信息,内置光束12用于传递照明光信息。 [0036] apparent from FIG. 4 to FIG. 8, a mirror tunnel 21 is provided with a built-in image fiber and the light beam 12 M, wherein M image bundles for transmitting image information, the built-in illumination light beam 12 for transferring information. 在传像束M的上端部设置有物镜镜筒33和自聚焦物镜34,其中传像束M和自聚焦物镜34用环氧胶与物镜镜筒33固定,内置光束12和物镜镜筒33用环氧胶与镜管21固定。 In the upper portion of the image bundle M is provided with a self-focusing lens barrel 33 and the objective lens 34, wherein the image fiber self-focusing of the objective lens 34 and the M fixed with epoxy glue 33 and the objective lens barrel, the built-in beam 12 and an objective lens with a lens barrel 33 epoxy adhesive tube 21 and the mirror is fixed. 镜管21用焊接或胶结的方式固定安装在镜筒19中。 Mirror tube 21 by welding or cementing is fixed mounted in the lens barrel 19. 自聚焦物镜34用于获取物体的图像信息并将物体的影像传递至传像束M 上端面,传像束M将所获得的图像信息传递到传像束M的下端面,通过设置在镜筒19中镜头16将图像信息耦合到C⑶光电传感器14的靶面上,镜头16可通过镜头调节螺钉17 调节轴向位置后固定,CCD光电传感器14安装在后护套25中并用CCD光电传感器压圈15 固定,CCD光电传感器14可将所获得的光信号转变为视频电信号,通过视频线四将视频电信号传至监视器或显示器上实现图像显示。 Transferred from the image focusing lens 34 for acquiring image information of an object and an object to the end face on the image bundles M, transfer the image information to image bundles M to the lower end surface of the obtained image bundles of M, provided by the barrel 19, the lens 16 is coupled to the image information C⑶ target surface of the photosensor 14, the lens 16 may be fixed after adjusting the axial position of the adjusting screw 17 through a lens, CCD photosensor 14 is mounted in the sheath 25 and the CCD photosensor clamping ring 15 is fixed, the CCD photoelectric sensor 14 may be optical signal into an electric signal obtained by the video by the video image display on a video line of an electric signal transmitted to the monitor or display four. 在镜筒19上设置有调节螺钉20可调节传像束24中心相对于C⑶光电传感器14的中心位置。 Provided with an adjustment screw 20 can adjust the center position of the photosensor 14 C⑶ image guide with respect to the central beam 24 on the barrel 19.

[0037] 内置光束12的下后部设置在镜头16和C⑶光电传感器14的外部,内置光束12 的下端部安装于内置光束插座11内并用环氧胶固定,内置光束插座11的外部设置有插座绝缘体10,插座绝缘体10的外部设置有插座8。 [0037] The rear beam 12 is provided at the built-in lens 16 and the outer C⑶ photosensor 14, the lower end portion of the built-in light beam 12 is attached to the built-in receptacle 11 and fixed with an epoxy adhesive, disposed outside the built-beam receptacle socket 11 has the insulator 10, the socket 10 has an insulator disposed outside the socket 8. 在插座绝缘体10内平行于内置光束12轴线设置有视频线母针芯9,视频线母针芯9与CXD光电传感器视频线13连接。 The insulator 10 within the socket 12 parallel to the axis of the light beam with a built-in video line female contacts 9, 9 video cable is connected to the female contacts CXD photosensor 13 video lines. 插座8设置在后护套25内并用紧定螺钉沈固定。 Shen and socket 8 is provided with a set screw secured within the sheath 25.

[0038] 在镜筒19上设置有锁紧帽22,用于将镜鞘固定在内窥镜的镜筒上。 [0038] provided with a locking nut 22 for fixing the mirror in the sheath of the endoscope barrel 19 in the lens barrel. 在锁紧帽22 上设置有锁紧杆23,用于锁紧帽22的限位并增加锁紧力矩。 On the locking cap 22 is provided with a locking lever 23, for limiting the locking cap 22 and increase the tightening torque.

[0039] 在外接并合线1即外接视频线、传光束并合线的外接插头6内设置有光束外套4, 在光束外套4内设置有外接光束3和光锥27,其中光锥27的大端与外接光束3耦合,光锥27的小端可与内窥镜的内置光束12耦合,光锥27具有光能量聚集效应,可提高外接照明光输入至内置光束12的光能量。 6 is disposed within [0039] the external line merging i.e. external video line 1, propagating beams merging line plug has an external jacket beam 4, is provided in the beam 4 has an external jacket 3 and the light beam cone 27, wherein the light cone 27 is large and an external coupling end beam 3, the light cone the small end 27 may be coupled to the endoscope 12 built-in beam, light cone 27 having a light energy concentration effect, can improve the external illumination light input to the beam 12 of light energy built. 在外接插头6内还有与光束外套4并行设置的针芯绝缘套7,针芯绝缘套7内设置有视频线公针芯5。 An external plug in the core pin 6 there is disposed parallel to the beam 4 of the outer insulating jacket 7, the insulating sheath is provided with a core pin video cable 7 5 male contacts. [0040] 在并合线1上端套装有并合线软护套2,在视频线、光束并合线1下端设置有分线盒观,在分线盒观的下端设置有视频线四和视频线插头32,在分线盒观的下端还设置有光束30和光束插头31。 [0040] There are merging in the merging line sock upper line 1 Set 2, the video cable, the lower end of a beam line merging concept box with a partition, is provided with four video lines in the video and lower junction box View cord 32, the lower end of the distribution box provided with a View light beam 30 and the plug 31.

Claims (8)

  1. 1. 一种轴向设置照明光纤的内窥镜,其特征在于:包括镜体、固定在镜体前端的镜管01)、内置光束(12)、并合线(1)以及设置在镜管(21)内的传像束04);所述镜体包括镜筒(19)、镜头(16)、CCD光电传感器(14)、插座(8),所述传像束Q4) 从镜管内伸入镜筒(19)的前端,所述镜头(16)和CCD光电传感器(14)设置在镜筒(19)内部中间,所述插座(8)设置在镜筒(19)的后端;所述插座(8)包括内置光束插座(11)和视频线母针芯(9);所述传像束(M)、镜头(16)、CCD光电传感器(14)构成光学成像系统,所述CCD光电传感器(14)的输出端与视频线母针芯(9)相连;所述内置光束(1¾的一端与内置光束插座(11)相连,其另一端从镜筒(19)的前端伸入镜管内,其中部轴向设置在CCD光电传感器(14)和镜头(16)的外侧但偏离内窥镜的轴线;所述并合线(1)包括外接插头(6)、视频线( An endoscope illumination fiber disposed axially, characterized by: a mirror body fixed to the end of the scope of the mirror tunnel 01), built-in light beam (12), merging line (1) and is provided in the mirror tube in the image bundles (21) 04); said mirrors comprises a barrel (19), a lens (16), CCD photosensor (14), the socket (8), the image bundles Q4) extending from the mirror tube the rear end of the barrel (19) in front of the lens (16) and a CCD photosensor (14) disposed in the barrel (19) intermediate the interior of the socket (8) disposed in the barrel (19); the said socket (8) comprises a built-in socket beam (11) and a video line female contacts (9); the image bundles (M), camera (16), CCD photosensor (14) constituting the imaging optical system, a CCD photosensor (14) an output terminal of the video line female contacts (9) are connected; said built-beam (light beam outlet end of the built-in (11) 1¾ is connected to the other end extending into the mirror from the front end of the lens barrel (19) an inner tube, wherein the outer portion is disposed axially CCD photosensor (14) and lens (16) but offset from the axis of the endoscope; and close the line (1) comprises an external connector (6), a video cable ( ¾)、光束(30)、视频线插头(32)、光束插头(31),所述外接插头(6)包括视频线公针芯(5)和光锥(XT);所述视频线09)的一端与视频线公针芯(5)相连,其另一端与视频线插头(32)相连;所述光束(30)的一端与光锥耦合,其另一端与光束插头(31)相连;所述视频线公针芯(5)与视频线母针芯(9)插接配合, 所述光锥插入内置光束插座(11)内并与内置光束(1¾耦合。 ¾), the beam (30), a video cable plug (32), the plug beam (31), the external connection plug (6) comprises a video line male contacts (5) and a light cone (XT); the video line 09) of One end of the video line male contacts (5) connected to the other end of the video line plug (32) is connected; coupling light cone of the light beam (30) at one end and the other end of the beam plug (31) is connected; the video line male contacts (5) with a video line female contacts (9) inserted with the light beam into the built-cone socket (11) and the built-in light beam (1¾ coupling.
  2. 2.根据权利要求1所述的轴向设置照明光纤的内窥镜,其特征在于:所述镜管内并行设置有物镜镜筒(3¾和光束套管(35),传像束04)的前端及自聚焦物镜(34)设于物镜镜筒(3¾内,且自聚焦物镜(34)设置于传像束04)前方,内置光束(1¾设置在光束套管(3¾内。 The axial direction of the endoscope set according to claim 1, the illumination optical fibers, wherein: said objective lens barrel with a front end arranged in parallel (3¾ sleeve and the beam (35), image bundle 04) in the mirror tube and a self-focusing lens (34) provided in the lens barrel (the 3¾, and self-focusing lens (34) disposed in the image bundle 04) in front of the built-in light beam (1¾ sleeve disposed in the beam (the 3¾.
  3. 3.根据权利要求1所述的轴向设置照明光纤的内窥镜,其特征在于:所述镜管内设置有物镜镜筒(3¾和光束套管(35),且物镜镜筒(3¾设置在光束套管(3¾内;自聚焦物镜(34)和传像束04)的前端设于物镜镜筒(3¾内,且自聚焦物镜(34)设置于传像束04)前方;所述内置光束(1¾设置在光束套管(3¾和物镜镜筒(33) 之间。 The axial direction of the endoscope set according to claim 1, the illumination optical fibers, wherein: the objective lens is provided with a barrel (3¾ sleeve and the beam (35) of the mirror tube, and the objective lens barrel (3¾ provided beam tube (inner 3¾; self-focusing lens (34) and the image bundle 04) is provided on the front end of the objective lens barrel (the 3¾, and self-focusing lens (34) disposed in the image bundle 04) forward; the built-beam (1¾ sleeve disposed between the beam (3¾ and an objective lens barrel (33).
  4. 4.根据权利要求1或2或3所述的轴向设置照明光纤的内窥镜,其特征在于:所述镜头(16)可沿轴向调节;所述镜筒(19)上设有可固定镜头(16)位置的镜头调节螺钉(17)。 The axial claim 1 or 2 or claim 3 disposed in the endoscope illumination fiber, wherein: said lens (16) can be adjusted in an axial direction; the barrel (19) may be provided on the lens fixed lens (16) adjusting the position of screw (17).
  5. 5.根据权利要求4所述的轴向设置照明光纤的内窥镜,其特征在于:所述镜筒(19)上设置有可调节传像束04)中心相对于CCD光电传感器(14)中心位置的调节螺钉00)。 The axial claim 4, wherein the illumination fiber is provided an endoscope, wherein: said barrel (19) disposed 04) has an adjustable with respect to the image bundle (14) on the center of the photosensor CCD position adjusting screw 00).
  6. 6.根据权利要求5所述的轴向设置照明光纤的内窥镜,其特征在于:所述并合线(1) 包括分线盒(¾),分线盒08)的前端将视频线09)和光束(30)并行后送入外接插头(6), 分线盒的后端将视频线09)和光束(30)分开。 According to claim 5 axially disposed endoscopic illumination optical fibers, wherein: the merging line (1) comprises a junction box (¾), junction box 08) the front end of the video cable 09 into an external plug (6) after) and beam (30) in parallel, the rear end of the junction box of the video line 09) and beam (30) separately.
  7. 7.根据权利要求6所述的轴向设置照明光纤的内窥镜,其特征在于:所述镜筒(19)上设置有锁紧帽(22),用于将镜鞘固定在镜筒(19)上。 The axial direction of the endoscope is provided in claim 6, wherein the illumination fiber, wherein: there is provided a locking cap (22) of said barrel (19), for fixing the mirror barrel sheath ( 19).
  8. 8.根据权利要求7所述的轴向设置照明光纤的内窥镜,其特征在于:所述锁紧帽02) 上设置有锁紧杆(23),用于锁紧帽02)的限位并增加锁紧力矩。 The locking nut is provided with a stopper locking bar (23) 02), for locking the cap 02): according to claim 7, wherein said axially disposed endoscopic illumination optical fibers, wherein and increased tightening torque.
CN 200910218701 2009-10-30 2009-10-30 Endoscope axially provided with lighting fiber CN101711663B (en)

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