CN101710114A - Hydrology monitoring platform based on ZigBee technology - Google Patents

Hydrology monitoring platform based on ZigBee technology Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101710114A
CN101710114A CN200910232309A CN200910232309A CN101710114A CN 101710114 A CN101710114 A CN 101710114A CN 200910232309 A CN200910232309 A CN 200910232309A CN 200910232309 A CN200910232309 A CN 200910232309A CN 101710114 A CN101710114 A CN 101710114A
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China
Prior art keywords
monitoring
sensor
node
zigbee technology
hop
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CN200910232309A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
刘东鸣
王启志
郭红玲
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苏州比锝电子技术有限公司
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Priority to CN200910232309A priority Critical patent/CN101710114A/en
Publication of CN101710114A publication Critical patent/CN101710114A/en

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Abstract

The invention provides a hydrology monitoring platform based on ZigBee technology. Particularly, the ZigBee technology is effectively combined with depth of water, water temperature, pH value, conductivity and dissolved oxygen series water quality sensors so as to build efficient wireless sensor network and realize remote real-time monitoring to the hydrological condition of a target water area.

Description

A kind of hydrology monitoring platform based on the ZigBee technology

Technical field

The present invention is a kind of hydrology monitoring platform based on the ZigBee technology, this platform is primarily aimed at real-time, the long-range and large-area requirement of current hydrologic monitoring, with the wireless sensor network is framework, utilize the ZigBee technology to combine, realize remote real time monitoring target waters hydrologic(al) regime with dissolved oxygen sensor, turbidity transducer, cooling-water temperature sensor, depth of water sensor, conductivity sensor and pH value sensor etc.

Background technology

Wireless sensor network (Wireless Sensor Networks, WSN) be current that receive much concern in the world, relate to that multidisciplinary height intersects, the integrated hot research field, forward position of knowledge height.Development of technology such as sensor technology, MEMS (micro electro mechanical system), modern network and radio communication have promoted the generation and the development of modern wireless sensor network.Wireless sensor network has been expanded people's information obtaining ability, the physical message of objective world is transmitted network together link together, and will provide direct, effective, the most real information for people in next generation network.Wireless sensor network can obtain objective physical message, has very wide application prospect, can be applied to fields such as military and national defense, industrial or agricultural control, city management, biologic medical, environment measuring, rescue and relief work, hazardous location Long-distance Control.Cause the great attention of many national academias and industry member, be considered to one of technology of power that 21 century had an immense impact on.

Wireless sensor network is exactly to form by being deployed in cheap microsensor nodes a large amount of in the monitored area, the network system of the self-organization of a multi-hop that forms by communication, its objective is the information of perceived object in perception collaboratively, collection and the processing network's coverage area, and send to the observer.Sensor, perceptive object and observer have constituted three key elements of wireless sensor network.

Wireless sensor network (wireless sensor network) is called for short WSN, is a kind of network of being made up of the great quantity of small sensor.These Miniature Sensors generally are called sensor node (sensor node) or mote (dust).Generally also there is one or several base station (being called sink) to be used for concentrating the data of collecting in this kind network from Miniature Sensor.

The ZigBee technology is a short-distance wireless communication technology with uniform technical standards, and its PHY layer and mac-layer protocol are the IEEE802.15.4 consensus standard.The wireless sensor network that this paper proposes is operated on ISM (Industrial, Scientific and Medical) the frequency range 2.4GHz that exempts to pay of global general-use, and its message transmission rate is 250Kb/s, is divided into 16 channels.Belong to short-distance wireless communication technology together with bluetooth or 802.11b etc. and compare, the ZigBee technology has inborn advantage.ZigBee equipment is low power consuming devices, has the function of energy measuring and link-quality indication.Simultaneously, owing to adopted collision-avoidance mechanism (CSMA-CA), the conflict when having avoided sending data.Aspect network security, having adopted key length is 128 cryptographic algorithm, the data message that is transmitted is carried out encryption, high reliability when having guaranteed data transmission and security.Simple in structure with the wireless sensor network that the ZigBee technology is formed, volume is little, cost performance is high, placement is flexible, expansion is easy, cost is low, low in energy consumption, safe and reliable, this emerging wireless sensor network will have wide practical use.

The invention provides a kind of hydrology monitoring platform, realize remote real time monitoring target waters hydrologic(al) regime based on the ZigBee technology.

Summary of the invention

For above purpose, we have invented a kind of hydrology monitoring platform based on the ZigBee technology, be made of a plurality of wireless hydrologic monitoring nodes, the main functional modules of each node comprises power module, processor module, radio receiving transmitting module, memory module, dissolved oxygen sensor, turbidity transducer, cooling-water temperature sensor, depth of water sensor, conductivity sensor and pH value sensor etc.

This monitoring platform based on the ZigBee technical standard, by the self-organizing network of a multi-hop of communication formation, is realized the real-time remote monitoring to the target waters.

The power module of this monitoring platform has accumulator and the double guarantee of solar cell, when solar radiation is arranged directly by solar cell for supplying power and to charge in batteries, when not having solar radiation then by direct battery power.

Each monitoring node data monitored of this monitoring platform is transmitted along other sensor node hop-by-hop ground, and Monitoring Data can be routed to aggregation node through behind the multi-hop by a plurality of node processing in transmission course, arrives management node at last.The user is configured and manages sensor network by management node, issue monitoring task and collection Monitoring Data.

Description of drawings

In claims of present patent application, pointed out theme of the present invention particularly, and clearly it has been proposed patent protection.Yet with reference to following detailed description and accompanying drawing, relevant structure that can better understand the present invention and implementation method with and purpose, feature and advantage.

Fig. 1 is a kind of hydrology monitoring platform Typical Disposition based on the ZigBee technology

Embodiment

In the following detailed description, having described specific details comprehensively understands the present invention so that provide.Yet the professional and technical personnel will appreciate that the present invention also can implement with other similar details.

Each node power supply of electric power source pair of module, the sensor assembly of node is measured, is transmitted corresponding monitoring index; Data are calculated, handle, are sent at processor module; The sensor node data monitored is transmitted along other sensor node hop-by-hop ground, and Monitoring Data may be routed to aggregation node through behind the multi-hop by a plurality of node processing in transmission course, arrives management node at last.The user is configured and manages sensor network by management node, issue monitoring task and collection Monitoring Data.

Though herein declarative description certain this feature of the present invention and a kind of implementation method, for the professional and technical personnel, many modifications, replacement, variation and equivalent substitution will appear.Therefore, protection scope of the present invention is as the criterion by the scope of appended claim.

Claims (4)

1. hydrology monitoring platform based on the ZigBee technology, be made of a plurality of wireless hydrologic monitoring nodes, the main functional modules of each node comprises power module, processor module, radio receiving transmitting module, memory module, dissolved oxygen sensor, turbidity transducer, cooling-water temperature sensor, depth of water sensor, conductivity sensor and pH value sensor etc.
2. a kind of hydrology monitoring platform based on the ZigBee technology as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that: based on the ZigBee technical standard, by the self-organizing network of a multi-hop of communication formation, realize the real-time remote monitoring to the target waters.
3. a kind of hydrology monitoring platform as claimed in claim 1 based on the ZigBee technology, it is characterized in that: power module has accumulator and the double guarantee of solar cell, when solar radiation is arranged directly by solar cell for supplying power and to charge in batteries, when not having solar radiation then by direct battery power.
4. a kind of hydrology monitoring platform as claimed in claim 1 based on the ZigBee technology, each monitoring node data monitored is transmitted along other sensor node hop-by-hop ground, Monitoring Data can be by a plurality of node processing in transmission course, be routed to aggregation node through behind the multi-hop, arrive management node at last.The user is configured and manages sensor network by management node, issue monitoring task and collection Monitoring Data.
CN200910232309A 2009-12-08 2009-12-08 Hydrology monitoring platform based on ZigBee technology CN101710114A (en)

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Cited By (9)

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CN102104989A (en) * 2010-12-24 2011-06-22 南京财经大学 Wireless sensor network system for monitoring real-time data of power grid
CN102156183A (en) * 2011-05-23 2011-08-17 浙江工大盈码科技发展有限公司 Multi-parameter integrated COD (Chemical Oxygen Demand) water quality monitoring system and monitoring method thereof
CN102164424A (en) * 2011-03-25 2011-08-24 南京信息工程大学 Chicken farm cultivation monitoring system based on wireless sensor network
CN102944659A (en) * 2012-12-07 2013-02-27 武汉邮电科学研究院 Wireless sensor for detecting water quality of industrial sewage
CN103245378A (en) * 2013-03-07 2013-08-14 北京华安奥特科技有限公司 Intrinsic safety type multifunctional hydrologic monitoring platform based on Wi-Fi MESH technology
CN103267518A (en) * 2013-05-07 2013-08-28 浙江大学 Artificial upwelling marine environment multi-parameter real-time continuous three-dimensional monitoring system
CN103776431A (en) * 2014-01-23 2014-05-07 北京科技大学 Visualization method of navigation channel hydrologic monitoring information in multi-depth layers
CN105699618A (en) * 2016-03-15 2016-06-22 中天科技海缆有限公司 Real-time and online water quality monitoring system
CN109490970A (en) * 2018-11-27 2019-03-19 北京空间技术研制试验中心 A kind of planet surface exploration method

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CN101261261A (en) * 2008-04-08 2008-09-10 杭州电子科技大学 Water environment monitoring system based on ZigBee wireless technology
CN101281187A (en) * 2008-04-08 2008-10-08 杭州电子科技大学 Water environment monitoring node based on ZigBee wireless technique
KR20080109216A (en) * 2007-06-12 2008-12-17 주식회사 디지탈 전자 Feed tank automatic control executive system of ubiquitous base that use zigbee and cdma
CN101425218A (en) * 2007-10-29 2009-05-06 吉林市曼博科技有限公司 Intelligent telemetering water meter based on wireless sensor network

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WO2007139658A2 (en) * 2006-05-24 2007-12-06 Objectvideo, Inc. Intelligent imagery-based sensor
KR20080109216A (en) * 2007-06-12 2008-12-17 주식회사 디지탈 전자 Feed tank automatic control executive system of ubiquitous base that use zigbee and cdma
CN101425218A (en) * 2007-10-29 2009-05-06 吉林市曼博科技有限公司 Intelligent telemetering water meter based on wireless sensor network
CN101261261A (en) * 2008-04-08 2008-09-10 杭州电子科技大学 Water environment monitoring system based on ZigBee wireless technology
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Cited By (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102104989A (en) * 2010-12-24 2011-06-22 南京财经大学 Wireless sensor network system for monitoring real-time data of power grid
CN102164424A (en) * 2011-03-25 2011-08-24 南京信息工程大学 Chicken farm cultivation monitoring system based on wireless sensor network
CN102156183A (en) * 2011-05-23 2011-08-17 浙江工大盈码科技发展有限公司 Multi-parameter integrated COD (Chemical Oxygen Demand) water quality monitoring system and monitoring method thereof
CN102156183B (en) * 2011-05-23 2013-08-07 浙江工大盈码科技发展有限公司 Multi-parameter integrated COD (Chemical Oxygen Demand) water quality monitoring method
CN102944659A (en) * 2012-12-07 2013-02-27 武汉邮电科学研究院 Wireless sensor for detecting water quality of industrial sewage
CN103245378A (en) * 2013-03-07 2013-08-14 北京华安奥特科技有限公司 Intrinsic safety type multifunctional hydrologic monitoring platform based on Wi-Fi MESH technology
CN103267518A (en) * 2013-05-07 2013-08-28 浙江大学 Artificial upwelling marine environment multi-parameter real-time continuous three-dimensional monitoring system
CN103776431A (en) * 2014-01-23 2014-05-07 北京科技大学 Visualization method of navigation channel hydrologic monitoring information in multi-depth layers
CN103776431B (en) * 2014-01-23 2015-10-28 北京科技大学 A kind of navigation channel hydrologic monitoring information visuallization method of many degree of depth aspect
CN105699618A (en) * 2016-03-15 2016-06-22 中天科技海缆有限公司 Real-time and online water quality monitoring system
CN109490970A (en) * 2018-11-27 2019-03-19 北京空间技术研制试验中心 A kind of planet surface exploration method

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