CN101708585B - Crystal ball face milling machine - Google Patents

Crystal ball face milling machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101708585B
CN101708585B CN2009102073881A CN200910207388A CN101708585B CN 101708585 B CN101708585 B CN 101708585B CN 2009102073881 A CN2009102073881 A CN 2009102073881A CN 200910207388 A CN200910207388 A CN 200910207388A CN 101708585 B CN101708585 B CN 101708585B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
vertical
bracket
horizontal
crystal ball
fixed
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CN2009102073881A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN101708585A (en
Inventor
黄永生
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陈小青
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Priority to CN2009102073881A priority Critical patent/CN101708585B/en
Publication of CN101708585A publication Critical patent/CN101708585A/en
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Publication of CN101708585B publication Critical patent/CN101708585B/en

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Abstract

The invention discloses a crystal ball face milling machine, which has a unique structure, is skillfully designed, can automatically position and clamp aluminum bar in aluminum assembly, allows a bracket towing mechanism to independently and accurately position and move along a horizontal or vertical direction relative to a milling disc mechanism, effectively improves production efficiency and accuracy. The invention solves a technical problems existing in the prior art that the positioning-clamping process of the aluminum bars is time consuming and labor consuming and the bracket towing mechanism cannot change the positions relative to the milling disc according to processing requirements, so that the face-milling range of the crystal ball becomes smaller and the production efficiency is low. The crystal ball face milling machine comprises a machine frame, a milling disc mechanism arranged on the machine frame and a pair of bracket towing mechanisms which horizontally slide along slide rails on the machine frame and are arranged on the machine frame and matched with the milling disc mechanism, wherein the bracket towing mechanisms are fixedly provided with the aluminum bars; the machine frame is provided with a mechanism which can make each bracket towing mechanism independently move on the machine frame along the horizontal or vertical direction; and the aluminum bars are fixed on the bracket towing mechanisms by movable type dovetail groove clamps.

Description

A kind of crystal ball face milling machine
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of quartzy Workpiece machining apparatus, relate in particular to a kind of crystal ball face milling machine.
Background technology
Existing quartzy flour milling machine comprises frame, bracket and disc-grinding mechanism, the relative frame horizontal slip of bracket connects, bracket is provided with the aluminium row who grips crystal ball, aluminium row again with crystal ball flour milling guiding mechanism, crystal ball flour milling angle-adjusting mechanism links to each other, mill can lifting, early stage mill is artificial lifting, whenever finish a flour milling processing, mill all will be retracted into initial position, rise to the height that needs behind the conversion machined surface again and continue processing, therefore in process, need frequent lifting mill, caused production efficiency low thus, artificial lifting positioning accuracy is poor, thereby has directly influenced product quality.
Chinese patent " a kind of crystal ball face milling machine (CN200995351Y) " discloses a kind of crystal ball flour milling device, it comprises frame, bracket and disc-grinding mechanism, disc-grinding mechanism comprises sheathed catheter, bottom, driven pulley, conduit, be provided with axial restraint in the conduit, the circumferential main shaft that rotates, the main shaft top is provided with mill, frame lower is provided with worm screw, worm screw one end is connected with stepper motor, be engaged with worm gear on the worm screw, be fixed with cam on the worm-wheel shaft, cam is pressed with the pulley of the lifting support bottom that is located at its top and is touched, and axially directed hole is opened in the sheathed catheter both sides, and lifting support passes pilot hole and is connected with conduit.This device is by the conduit in the lifting support connecting duct cover, main shaft is set in the conduit, mill is set on the main shaft, drive worm gear by the stepper motor rotary worm and rotate, and then drive the cam rotation that is fixed on the worm-wheel shaft, promote the lifting support lifting by cam, finally reach the purpose of lifting mill, but, exist the equipment relative cost higher, problems such as poor stability by the lifting of Electric Machine Control mill.
Chinese patent: " the quartzy facet machine (CN201002202Y) of a kind of full-automatic aluminium row lift " discloses a kind of crystal ball flour milling device again, it comprises frame, bracket and disc-grinding mechanism, frame is connected with the bracket horizontal slip, bracket is provided with the clamping device of quartzy blank, the flour milling guiding mechanism, bracket comprises the framework that is located at the mill below, framework is made of supporting plate and two symmetrically arranged base plates, base plate is provided with guide pillar, vertically slidely connect wallboard on the guide pillar, the clamping device of quartzy base is located on the two relative wallboards with the flour milling guiding mechanism, cross-over connection has guide rod on two base plates, base plate is connected with the guide rod horizontal slip, the guide rod two ends are provided with identical skewback, and skewback rolls with the guide wheel that is located at the wallboard bottom and contacts, and is connected with guide-bar driving mechanism on the guide rod.This device is the aluminium row automatic lifting by the quartzy blank of Electric Machine Control clamping, reduced equipment cost relatively, improved stability, simultaneously again by two groups of quartzy base clamping devices are set on bracket, thereby can disposablely finish the flour milling processing of crystal ball in enormous quantities, improve production efficiency.But because two groups of quartzy base clamping devices are slided synchronously by the relative mill of same motor-driven, making two groups of quartzy base clamping devices make as a whole relative mill slides in fixing scope, relative position between two groups of quartzy base clamping devices is constant, cause to change separately according to processing request in the crystal ball process relative position of quartzy base clamping device and mill thus, thereby crystal ball flour milling scope is diminished, reduced production efficiency, simultaneously owing to the aluminium row of fixing quartzy base clamping device is fixed on the fixed mount by clamp, the location clamping process wastes time and energy during clamping, production efficiency is low, simultaneously since two aluminium to come on vertical direction and the horizontal direction relative position constant, therefore the quartzy base that two aluminium are arranged on four corners is parallel to the mill working face simultaneously, therefore cause the qualification rate and the precise decreasing of product, be not suitable for doing high-precision quartzy product.
Summary of the invention
The present invention has mainly provided a kind of delicate structure, be skillfully constructed, aluminium row can locate clamping during clamping automatically, and two groups of quartzy base clamping devices can independently accurately move the location along level or vertical direction relative to disc-grinding mechanism, thereby increased the flour milling scope of crystal ball, effectively raise the crystal ball face milling machine of production efficiency and precision, having solved the aluminium registration clamping process that exists in the prior art wastes time and energy, quartzy base clamping device can't change the relative position of itself and mill according to processing request, thereby crystal ball flour milling scope is diminished, technical problems such as production efficiency is low.
Above-mentioned technical problem of the present invention is mainly solved by following technical proposals: a kind of crystal ball face milling machine, comprise frame and be located on the frame disc-grinding mechanism and along being located at a pair of bracket mechanism that slide rail horizontal slip on the frame is located on the frame and is matched with disc-grinding mechanism, be fixed with aluminium row in bracket mechanism, described frame is provided with and can makes each bracket mechanism horizontal mobile mechanism of moving of along continuous straight runs independently on frame; Described bracket mechanism is provided with the vertical travel mechanism that vertical direction moves; Described aluminium row is fixed in the bracket mechanism by self-holding movable dovetail groove anchor clamps.By the vertical travel mechanism that can make each bracket mechanism horizontal mobile mechanism that along continuous straight runs moves on frame independently and vertically move is being set on the frame, make each bracket mechanism become independently working cell, foundation independently horizontal mobile mechanism is located its relative disc-grinding mechanism at an arbitrary position, anchor clamps contact with mill in the time of can preventing the increase of crystal ball commentaries on classics face angle thus, increase the flour milling angle range of crystal ball, improved operating efficiency; Automatically locate by movable dovetail groove anchor clamps again and clamp aluminium row, make aluminium registration clamping process time saving and energy saving, automation control good reliability, efficient height.
As preferably, the distribution that on frame, is centrosymmetric of described bracket mechanism, described bracket mechanism comprises left cylindrical guide and right cylindrical guide and is fixed in left cylindrical guide and the supporting plate on right cylindrical guide top and be fixed in left cylindrical guide and connecting plate that right cylindrical guide bottom cooperates with slide rail, vertically slip cap is connected to left slider on described left cylindrical guide, vertically slip cap is connected to right slide block on described right cylindrical guide, first fixed mount, one end at described aluminium row place changes the face device by crystal ball and links to each other with left slider, and the other end of first fixed mount links to each other with the right slide block that is provided with aluminium row pivot angle locking device.The bracket mechanism that upper end by left and right cylindrical guide is connected with supporting plate respectively, lower end and connecting plate fixed combination form frame structure drives aluminium row and slides up and down by being arranged at slide block on the left and right cylindrical guide again, and is simple in structure; Aluminium row's a end changes the face device by crystal ball again and links to each other with slide block, the other end links to each other with the right slide block that is provided with aluminium row pivot angle locking device, can arrange pivot angle locking device locking aluminium row pivot angle by aluminium, prevent that flour milling from adding the man-hour crystal ball and rotating on the mill surface, improve the flour milling quality.
As more preferably, described aluminium row pivot angle locking device comprises brake block, described brake block is slidingly connected by dovetail slide rail and second fixed mount that is fixed on the right slide block, corresponding to a side end face of dovetail slide rail and vertical the linking to each other of radially outer edge face of arc brake(-holder) block, link to each other with pivot angle locking cylinder on second fixed mount corresponding to the opposite side end face of dovetail slide rail; Described right slide block is provided with the pivot angle worm screw, and the pivot angle worm screw links to each other with swing angle electric by the pivot angle splined shaft, and described arc brake(-holder) block is coaxial to cover at pivot angle worm gear outer rim with pivot angle worm screw interworking.The locking of existing aluminium row pivot angle all adopts the centre-to-centre spacing of adjusting worm gear and worm screw to finish, worm gear and worm screw are easy to wear, excesssive gap can't be locked when serious, locking mechanism among the present invention is exquisite simple, the arc brake(-holder) block is held the lock mode positional precision height of worm gear outer rim tightly, thereby can improve crystal ball flour milling qualification rate and production efficiency, reduce production costs.
As more preferably, described crystal ball changes the face device and comprises first vertical umbrella tooth and the first horizontal umbrella tooth that is connected with first vertical umbrella tooth Vertical Meshing, the outer rim of described first vertical umbrella tooth links to each other synchronously with left slider, the inner edge of first vertical umbrella tooth links to each other with commentaries on classics surface motor on being located at supporting plate by splined shaft, and the described first horizontal umbrella tooth links to each other with first fixed mount by half a coupler.It generally is by motor direct-drive that crystal ball of the prior art changes face, and therefore torsion increases when aluminium row pin number increases, and easily causes motor desynchronizing, thereby reduces product quality.The present invention cooperate to realize that by the umbrella tooth crystal ball changes face, adjusts umbrella gear ratio and can increase terminal output torque, and stability of rotation, precision height, compact in design, cost are low.
As preferably, described self-holding movable dovetail groove anchor clamps comprise the dovetail groove body that is arranged with dovetail boss and following dovetail boss, the described dovetail boss of going up is located on the movable block, described dovetail boss down is located on first fixed mount, described upward dovetail boss medial surface is provided with oblique spigot surface corresponding to the extended surface of first fixed mount, and movable block is slidingly connected by the dovetail groove clamping cylinder and first fixed mount that is located on first fixed mount on described oblique spigot surface.By being made as, dovetail groove has first fixed mount and two parts of movable block that have the dovetail boss of dovetail boss down, movable block can be slidingly connected between the slip and first fixed mount on the oblique spigot surface on first fixed mount by last dovetail boss medial surface again, when the aluminium at dovetail place is arranged clamping, movable block is hidden on first fixed block along moving on the oblique spigot surface, aluminium row dovetail can be packed on the following dovetail boss from top to bottom, needn't slip into from the dovetail groove end face, convenient and swift; Movable block links to each other with cylinder, and the control clamping is time saving and energy saving automatically, efficient is high.
As preferably, the horizontal lead screw nut that described horizontal mobile mechanism comprises horizontal lead screw and is threaded with horizontal lead screw, described horizontal lead screw and slide rail are located on the frame in the same way, one end of described horizontal lead screw links to each other with horizontal sliding motor on being fixed in frame, and the other end of horizontal lead screw links to each other with frame; Described horizontal lead screw nut links to each other with connecting plate.Rotate by the driven by motor horizontal lead screw, the horizontal lead screw nut of Pei Heing promptly drives bracket mechanism and slides simple in structure, accurate positioning along slide rail with it.
As preferably, described vertical travel mechanism comprises the slide block that is vertical at the vertical screw mandrel on the connecting plate and is threaded with vertical screw mandrel, and described slide block links to each other with lifting motor by the worm and gear transmission, and described lifting motor is fixed in the top of supporting plate.Rotate by the vertical screw mandrel of driven by motor, the vertical wire rod thread of Pei Heing promptly drives aluminium and arranges on first fixed mount at place and move simple in structure, accurate positioning with it; The kind of drive of slide block by worm and gear links to each other with lifting motor, operates steadily, gearratio is big.
As more preferably, described lifting motor is a dual-axle motor, the coaxial respectively second horizontal umbrella tooth that is arranged with in the two ends of dual-axle motor output shaft, the described second horizontal umbrella tooth be set in vertical thread masthead end and connect with the coaxial second vertical umbrella tooth Vertical Meshing that is connected of slide block.Cooperate stability of rotation, precision height, compact in design, cost low by the umbrella tooth.
As preferably, in described bracket mechanism, be provided with laser detector, it comprises controller, fixed support and the travel(l)ing rest that can on fixed support, slide, have vertical through hole on the travel(l)ing rest, optical fiber head is installed in the through hole, have the air cavity that intersects vertically with through hole on the described travel(l)ing rest, a piston that matches with it is arranged in described air cavity, described air cavity two ends are respectively first air inlet and are combined into gas port, described first air inlet and the described gas port that is combined into are connected with electromagnetic gas valve respectively, and described electromagnetic gas valve is connected with compressed air source; Described fixed support is connected with first fixed mount.Processing of the prior art is set zero point artificially, or adopts and shut down the depression bar detection, and efficient is low and precision is not high.Automatically detect crystal ball and mill distance by laser detector, the positioning accuracy height has guaranteed product quality and production efficiency.
As preferably, described disc-grinding mechanism comprises that center mill and coaxial rings are enclosed within the annular mill of center mill outer rim, and described center mill working face is different with the surface roughness of annular mill working face, and the working face of center mill is higher than annular mill working face.By a center mill and the ring set annular mill in center mill outer rim is set, and the working face surface roughness difference of two mills, the annular mill in the outside are used for flour milling processing, and inner center mill is used for polishing processing, clamping of two procedures, the efficient height.
Therefore, a kind of crystal ball face milling machine of the present invention has following advantage: by two bracket mechanisms horizontal mobile mechanism that along continuous straight runs moves on frame independently and vertically mobile vertical travel mechanism, the relative disc-grinding mechanism of bracket mechanism can be located arbitrarily, thereby increase the flour milling angle range of crystal ball, improved operating efficiency; Automatically locate by movable dovetail groove anchor clamps again and clamp aluminium row, time saving and energy saving, good reliability, efficient height; By aluminium row pivot angle locking device locking aluminium row pivot angle, prevent that flour milling from adding the man-hour crystal ball and rotating on the mill surface, improve the flour milling quality; By level and the vertical travel mechanism that screw mandrel rotates, simple in structure, accurate positioning; Automatically detect crystal ball and mill distance by laser detector, the positioning accuracy height has guaranteed product quality; Terminal output torque can be increased by adjusting umbrella gear ratio, the not enough problem of the moment of torsion that causes because of reasons such as stitch increase can be solved.
Description of drawings:
Fig. 1 is the perspective view of a kind of crystal ball face milling machine of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is the axial cutaway view of bracket that removes among Fig. 1 after the frame.
Fig. 3 is the A-A cutaway view of Fig. 2.
Fig. 4 is the structural representation of movable dovetail groove anchor clamps.
Fig. 5 is the structural representation of aluminium row pivot angle locking device.
Fig. 6 is the structural representation of laser detector.
The concrete thing mode of implementing:
Below by embodiment, and in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, technical scheme of the present invention is described in further detail.
Embodiment:
As depicted in figs. 1 and 2, a kind of crystal ball face milling machine of the present invention, comprise frame 1 and the disc-grinding mechanism 9 that is located on the frame 1, and be located on the frame 1 and can be along 11 horizontal slips of the slide rail on the frame 1 and a pair of bracket mechanism 2 that is centrosymmetric and distributes that matches with disc-grinding mechanism 9, in bracket mechanism 2, be fixed with aluminium row 5 by self-holding movable dovetail groove anchor clamps 6, on frame 1, be provided with two horizontal mobile mechanisms 3 corresponding to bracket mechanism 2, horizontal mobile mechanism 3 can make corresponding bracket mechanism 2 on frame 1 independently along continuous straight runs move, in bracket mechanism 2, be provided with the vertical travel mechanism 4 that vertical direction moves.Bracket mechanism 2 comprises left cylindrical guide 211 and right cylindrical guide 212, be fixed with supporting plate 22 on left cylindrical guide 211 and right cylindrical guide 212 tops, the bottom is fixed with the connecting plate 24 that cooperates with slide rail 11, vertically slip cap is connected to left slider 231 on left cylindrical guide 211, vertically slip cap is connected to right slide block 232 on right cylindrical guide 212, between supporting plate 22 and connecting plate 24, be provided with first fixed mount 51, first fixed mount, 51 1 ends change face device 14 by crystal ball and link to each other with left slider 231, the other end of first fixed mount 51 links to each other with the right slide block 232 that aluminium row pivot angle locking device 7 has been installed, be provided with movable dovetail groove anchor clamps 6 on first fixed mount 51, aluminium row 5 is fixed on first fixed mount 51 by movable dovetail groove anchor clamps 6.
As Fig. 3 and shown in Figure 5, aluminium row pivot angle locking device 7 comprises by dovetail slide rail 72 and is fixed in the brake block 71 that second fixed mount 73 on the right slide block 232 is slidingly connected, brake block 71 is corresponding to a side end face of dovetail slide rail 72 and vertical the linking to each other of radially outer edge face of arc brake(-holder) block 74, link to each other with pivot angle locking cylinder 75 on second fixed mount 73 corresponding to the opposite side end face of dovetail slide rail 72, on right slide block 232, be connected with the vertical pivot angle splined shaft 54 that links to each other with swing angle electric 15 output shafts, swing angle electric 15 output shafts are fixed in downwards on the supporting plate 22, on pivot angle splined shaft 54, be set with pivot angle worm screw 55, arc brake(-holder) block 74 is coaxial cover at pivot angle worm gear 53 outer rims of pivot angle worm screw 55 interworkings.
As shown in Figure 2, crystal ball changes face device 14 and comprises first vertical umbrella tooth 141 and the first horizontal umbrella tooth 142 that is connected with first vertical umbrella tooth 141 Vertical Meshing, the outer rim of first vertical umbrella tooth 141 links to each other synchronously with left slider 231, the inner edge of first vertical umbrella tooth 141 links to each other with commentaries on classics surface motor 13 on being located at supporting plate 22 by splined shaft 143, and the first horizontal umbrella tooth 142 links to each other with first fixed mount 51 by half a coupler 145.
As depicted in figs. 1 and 2, horizontal mobile mechanism 3 comprise horizontal lead screw 31 and be socketed in horizontal lead screw 31 on the horizontal lead screw nut 32 that is threaded with horizontal lead screw 31, horizontal lead screw 31 is fixed on the frame 1 in the same way with slide rail 11, one end of horizontal lead screw 31 links to each other with horizontal sliding motor 10 on the frame 1, the other end of horizontal lead screw 31 and frame 1 are rotatedly connected, and horizontal lead screw nut 32 links to each other with connecting plate 24.
As depicted in figs. 1 and 2, vertically travel mechanism 4 comprises the vertical screw mandrel 41 that is vertical on the connecting plate 24 and is socketed in the slide block 23 that is threaded with vertical screw mandrel 41 on the vertical screw mandrel 41, slide block 23 links to each other with twin shaft lifting motor 12 on being fixed on supporting plate 22 by the worm and gear transmission, the two ends of dual-axle motor output shaft are coaxial respectively to be fixed with second horizontal umbrella tooth 121, the second horizontal umbrella teeth 121 and to be fixed on vertical screw mandrel 41 tops and to connect with slide block 23 coaxial second vertical umbrella tooth 122 Vertical Meshing that are connected with sheathed.
As shown in Figure 4, self-holding movable dovetail groove anchor clamps 6 comprise the movable block 63 that has dovetail boss 61 and have first fixed mount 51 of dovetail boss 62 down, the medial surface of last dovetail boss 61 is provided with oblique spigot surface 64 corresponding to the extended surface of first fixed mount 51, and movable block 63 clamps cylinder 65 by the dovetail groove that is fixedly linked with first fixed mount 51 and first fixed mount 51 is slidingly connected on oblique spigot surface 64.
As shown in Figure 1, disc-grinding mechanism 9 comprises the annular mill 92 that is used for the crystal ball flour milling that the center mill 91 that is used for crystal ball polishing and coaxial rings are enclosed within center mill 91 outer rims, and the working face of center mill 91 is higher than annular mill 92 working face 20mm.
As Fig. 1 and shown in Figure 6, in bracket mechanism 2, be provided with laser detector 8, it comprises controller (not drawing among the figure), fixed support 82 and the travel(l)ing rest 83 that can slide on fixed support 82, fixed support 82 is connected with first fixed mount 51.This laser detector is used for the distance between detection fiber 87 and center mill 91 or annular mill 92 working faces, and promptly mill is detected.Travel(l)ing rest 83 is " L " shape, the horizontal component of travel(l)ing rest 83 has the circular through hole 89 vertical with tested surface, optical fiber head 87 is installed in the through hole 89, and controller links to each other with optical fiber head 87 by optical fiber 85, has seal washer to prevent gas leakage between optical fiber head 87 and the travel(l)ing rest 83.Optical fiber head 87 is equipped with lens, makes laser more concentrated.Also have the air cavity 812 that intersects vertically with through hole 89 on the travel(l)ing rest 83, air cavity 812 is cylindrical, and the center line of the center line of through hole 89 and air cavity 812 intersects, and the diameter of air cavity 812 is greater than the diameter of through hole 89.Air cavity 812 1 ends are first air inlet 811, the other end is for being combined into gas port 814, the described gas port 814 that is combined into is connected with second air inlet 88 and the 3rd air inlet 86 respectively by pipeline, and the pipeline that is combined into gas port 814 and the 3rd air inlet 86 is provided with one-way throttle valve 813.A piston that matches with air cavity 810 is arranged in the air cavity 812, and the distance of through hole 89 to first air inlets 811 is greater than piston 810 length, through hole 89 to the distance that is combined into gas port 814 less than piston 810 length.First air inlet 811, second air inlet 88 and the 3rd air inlet 86 are connected with electromagnetic gas valve 816 respectively.Electromagnetic gas valve 816 is provided with the 4th air inlet 817, the four air inlets 817 and is connected with compressed air source by filter device (not drawing among the figure).Travel(l)ing rest 83 vertical portions have square through hole respectively, and vertical fine setting screw rod 84 is housed, and fine setting screw rod 84 keeps relative fixed by jump ring and travel(l)ing rest 83 in the vertical directions.Have and finely tune the screw that screw rod 84 matches in the middle of the fixed support 82, finely tune the screw that screw rod 84 passes fixed support 82, travel(l)ing rest 83 relative fixed supports 82 are slided, regulate the distance of travel(l)ing rest 83 and tested surface by rotating fine setting screw rod 84.Fixed support 82 passes through fixedly travel(l)ing rest 83 of clamping screw 81.
When the present invention uses, start dovetail groove and clamp cylinder 65, the medial surface of the movable block 63 that has a dovetail boss 61 by last dovetail boss 61 slides on the oblique spigot surface 64 on first fixed mount 51 and makes progress, movable block 63 is hidden in the top of first fixed mount 51, dovetail groove is finished and is opened, the aluminium that is fixed with the crystal ball base is arranged in the dovetail groove that 5 dovetails hang over down dovetail boss 62 places, dovetail contacts with touch sensor 66 contacts on the dovetail groove bottom surface, device is controlled movable block 63 automatically by automatic control system and is glided along oblique spigot surface 64, aluminium row 5 is fixedly clamped on first fixed mount 51, start horizontal sliding motor 10 then, the horizontal lead screw 31 that horizontal sliding motor 10 drives coaxial connection rotates, by thread bush be connected on the horizontal lead screw 31 horizontal lead screw nut 32 drive connected connecting plate 24 make bracket mechanism 2 along 11 horizontal slips of the slide rail on the frame 1 to desired location.Start swing angle electric 15 and change surface motor 13, drive aluminium row 5 and go to the setting swash angle position, restart pivot angle locking cylinder 75,74 reaches of arc brake(-holder) block are crimped on pivot angle worm gear 53 outer edge sides with pivot angle worm screw 55 interworkings, locking aluminium row 5 swash angle position.Startup is changeed surface motor 13 and is connected with a joggle by the first horizontal umbrella tooth 142 that splined shaft 143 drives on first vertical umbrella tooth 141, the first vertical umbrella teeth 141 and the half a coupler 145, thereby drive aluminium row rotating shaft screw mandrel 52 carry out commentaries on classics face.Restart twin shaft lifting motor 12, lifting motor 12 drives vertical screw mandrel 41 by the coaxial second horizontal umbrella tooth 121 that is socketed in the two ends of output shaft with sheathed second vertical umbrella tooth 122 engagements that are fixed on vertical screw mandrel 41 tops and rotates, connected first fixed mount 51 of slide block 23 drives that is connected on the vertical screw mandrel 41 by thread bush moves down along left slider 231 and right slide block 232, controller control electromagnetic gas valve 816 in the laser detector is opened second air inlet 88 simultaneously, compressed air is pushed piston 810 to first air inlet 811, through hole 89 is opened, open the 3rd air inlet 86 then, close second air inlet 88, through hole 89 is the ejection low speed flow downwards, produces a stable clean gas field between tested surface and optical fiber head 87.Controller control lifting motor 12 promotes first fixed mount 51 and moves down, after zero point is processed in 51 arrival of first fixed mount, controller is opened first air inlet 811, the 3rd air inlet 86 is closed, piston 810 is pushed toward being combined into gas port 814 1 sides, starts disc-grinding mechanism 9 motors, center mill 91 and annular mill 92 coaxial rotations, beginning process water geode, first fixed mount 51 is got back to mechanical zero after the process finishing.During the conversion machined surface, start twin shaft lifting motor 12 and drive first fixed mount 51 along moving on the cylindrical guide, restart swing angle electric 15 and change surface motor 13, drive aluminium row 5 and go to the setting swash angle position, starting changes surface motor 13, and the first horizontal umbrella tooth 142 that splined shaft 143 drives on first vertical umbrella tooth 141, the first vertical umbrella teeth 141 and the half a coupler 145 is connected with a joggle, drive the flour milling on the same ring of aluminium row rotating shaft screw mandrel 52 conversions, till finishing a ring surface processing.During processing another one anchor ring, start swing angle electric 15 and finish angular transformation, start horizontal sliding motor 10 and set horizontal level, repeat aforesaid operations again with changeing surface motor 13.During the flour milling processing, start horizontal sliding motor 10, the horizontal lead screw 31 that horizontal sliding motor 10 drives coaxial connection rotates, be connected on the connected connecting plate 24 of horizontal lead screw nut 32 drives on the horizontal lead screw 31 by thread bush, make bracket mechanism 2 in one section interval along the 11 horizontal back and forth movements of the slide rail on the frame 1, to eliminate the unidirectional texture on the crystal ball flour milling.
Specific embodiment described herein only is that design of the present invention is illustrated.The technical staff of the technical field of the invention can make various modifications or replenishes or adopt similar mode to substitute described specific embodiment, but can't depart from spirit of the present invention or surmount the defined scope of appended claims.

Claims (9)

1. crystal ball face milling machine, comprise frame and be located on the frame disc-grinding mechanism and along being located at a pair of bracket mechanism that slide rail horizontal slip on the frame is located on the frame and is matched with disc-grinding mechanism, be fixed with aluminium row in bracket mechanism, it is characterized in that: described frame (1) is provided with and can makes each bracket mechanism (2) horizontal mobile mechanism (3) of moving of along continuous straight runs independently on frame (1); Described bracket mechanism (2) is provided with the vertical travel mechanism (4) that vertical direction moves; Described aluminium row (5) is fixed in the bracket mechanism (2) by self-holding movable dovetail groove anchor clamps (6); Described self-holding movable dovetail groove anchor clamps (6) comprise the dovetail groove body that is arranged with dovetail boss (61) and following dovetail boss (62), the described dovetail boss (61) of going up is located on the movable block (63), described dovetail boss (62) down is located on first fixed mount (51), described upward dovetail boss (61) medial surface is provided with oblique spigot surface (64) corresponding to the extended surface of first fixed mount (51), is slidingly connected with first fixed mount (51) by the dovetail groove clamping cylinder (65) that is located on first fixed mount (51) at the movable block (63) on the described oblique spigot surface (64).
2. a kind of crystal ball face milling machine according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described bracket mechanism (2) distribution that on frame (1), is centrosymmetric, described bracket mechanism (2) comprises left cylindrical guide (211) and right cylindrical guide (212) and is fixed in left cylindrical guide (211) and the supporting plate (22) on right cylindrical guide (212) top and be fixed in left cylindrical guide (211) and connecting plate (24) that right cylindrical guide (212) bottom cooperates with slide rail (11), go up vertical slip cap at described left cylindrical guide (211) and be connected to left slider (231), go up vertical slip cap at described right cylindrical guide (212) and be connected to right slide block (232), first fixed mount (51) one ends at described aluminium row (5) place change face device (14) by crystal ball and link to each other with left slider (231), and the other end of first fixed mount (51) links to each other with the right slide block (232) that is provided with aluminium row's pivot angle locking device (7).
3. a kind of crystal ball face milling machine according to claim 2, it is characterized in that: described aluminium row's pivot angle locking device (7) comprises brake block (71), described brake block (71) is slidingly connected by dovetail slide rail (72) and second fixed mount (73) that is fixed on the right slide block (232), corresponding to a side end face of dovetail slide rail (72) and vertical the linking to each other of radially outer edge face of arc brake(-holder) block (74), link to each other with pivot angle locking cylinder (75) on second fixed mount (73) corresponding to the opposite side end face of dovetail slide rail (72); Described right slide block (232) is provided with pivot angle worm screw (55), and pivot angle worm screw (55) links to each other with swing angle electric (15) by pivot angle splined shaft (54), and described arc brake(-holder) block (74) is coaxial to cover at pivot angle worm gear (53) outer rim with pivot angle worm screw (55) interworking.
4. a kind of crystal ball face milling machine according to claim 2, it is characterized in that: described crystal ball changes face device (14) and comprises first vertical umbrella tooth (141) and the first horizontal umbrella tooth (142) that is connected with first vertical umbrella tooth (141) Vertical Meshing, the outer rim of described first vertical umbrella tooth (141) links to each other with left slider (231) synchronously, the inner edge of first vertical umbrella tooth (141) links to each other with commentaries on classics surface motor (13) on being located at supporting plate (22) by splined shaft (143), and the described first horizontal umbrella tooth (142) links to each other with first fixed mount (51) by half a coupler (145).
5. a kind of crystal ball face milling machine according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described horizontal mobile mechanism (3) comprises horizontal lead screw (31) and the horizontal lead screw nut (32) that is threaded with horizontal lead screw (31), described horizontal lead screw (31) is located on the frame (1) in the same way with slide rail (11), one end of described horizontal lead screw (31) links to each other with horizontal sliding motor (10) on being fixed in frame (1), and the other end of horizontal lead screw (31) links to each other with frame (1); Described horizontal lead screw nut (32) links to each other with connecting plate (24).
6. a kind of crystal ball face milling machine according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described vertical travel mechanism (4) comprises vertical screw mandrel (41) that is vertical on the connecting plate (24) and the slide block (23) that is threaded with vertical screw mandrel (41), described slide block (23) links to each other with lifting motor (12) by the worm and gear transmission, and described lifting motor (12) is fixed in the top of supporting plate (22).
7. a kind of crystal ball face milling machine according to claim 6, it is characterized in that: described lifting motor (12) is a dual-axle motor, the coaxial respectively second horizontal umbrella tooth (121) that is arranged with in the two ends of dual-axle motor output shaft, the described second horizontal umbrella tooth (121) be set in vertical screw mandrel (41) top and connect with coaxial second vertical umbrella tooth (122) Vertical Meshing that is connected of slide block (23).
8. according to claim 1 or 2 or 3 or 4 described a kind of crystal ball face milling machines, it is characterized in that: in described bracket mechanism (2), be provided with laser detector (8), it comprises controller, fixed support (82) and the travel(l)ing rest (83) that can on fixed support (82), slide, have vertical through hole (89) on the travel(l)ing rest (83), optical fiber head (87) is installed in the through hole (89), have the air cavity (812) that intersects vertically with through hole (89) on the described travel(l)ing rest (83), a piston that matches with it (810) is arranged in the described air cavity (812), described air cavity (812) two ends are respectively first air inlet (811) and are combined into gas port (814), described first air inlet (811) and the described gas port (814) that is combined into are connected with electromagnetic gas valve (816) respectively, and described electromagnetic gas valve (816) is connected with compressed air source; Described fixed support (82) is connected with first fixed mount (51).
9. a kind of crystal ball face milling machine according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described disc-grinding mechanism (9) comprises that center mill (91) and coaxial rings are enclosed within the annular mill (92) of center mill (91) outer rim, described center mill (91) working face is different with the surface roughness of annular mill (92) working face, and the working face of center mill (91) is higher than annular mill (92) working face.
CN2009102073881A 2009-10-21 2009-10-21 Crystal ball face milling machine CN101708585B (en)

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CN103341803B (en) * 2013-07-03 2015-08-26 浙江名媛工艺饰品有限公司 A kind of crystal blank automatic grinding and polishing system and grinding and polishing machinery thereof
CN103707189A (en) * 2013-12-27 2014-04-09 浙江凯吉机械设备制造有限公司 Plate type clamp grinding machine
CN104741998B (en) * 2014-10-30 2019-07-02 李永友 The multi-station polishing machine of wooden toy building
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CN106315938B (en) * 2016-10-14 2019-08-30 台州市绿野环保工程有限公司 Sewage treatment equipment
CN106985035A (en) * 2017-02-27 2017-07-28 梧州市东麟宝石机械有限公司 A kind of ball refiner
CN106881645A (en) * 2017-02-28 2017-06-23 梧州市东麟宝石机械有限公司 A kind of fine grinding device of the pearl base of jewel
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