CN101701565B - Floating impeller serial hydraulic turbine - Google Patents

Floating impeller serial hydraulic turbine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101701565B
CN101701565B CN 200910193905 CN200910193905A CN101701565B CN 101701565 B CN101701565 B CN 101701565B CN 200910193905 CN200910193905 CN 200910193905 CN 200910193905 A CN200910193905 A CN 200910193905A CN 101701565 B CN101701565 B CN 101701565B
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China
Prior art keywords
shaft
speed
gear box
bevel gear
impeller
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN 200910193905
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Chinese (zh)
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CN101701565A (en
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余炜彬
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余炜彬
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Priority to CN 200910193905 priority Critical patent/CN101701565B/en
Publication of CN101701565A publication Critical patent/CN101701565A/en
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Publication of CN101701565B publication Critical patent/CN101701565B/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
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Abstract

The invention relates to a floating impeller serial hydraulic turbine which is characterized by comprising a floating body (1), a variable-speed gear box (2), a generator (3), a bevel gear box (4), a transmission shaft (5) and an impeller group (6). The impeller group (6) comprises a plurality of shafts (61) which are connected with each other in series, wherein each shaft (61) is provided with a plurality of impellers (62); one end of the transmission shaft (5) is connected with the shafts (61) which are arranged on one end of the impeller group (6) through a universal coupling, and the other end is connected with the input shaft (41) of the bevel gear box (4); the input shaft (41) of the bevel gear box (4) is connected with a vertical output shaft (42) through a bevel gear (7a); the vertical output shaft (42) is connected with the low-speed shaft of the variable-speed gear box (2) through the bevel gear (7b); and the high-speed shaft (22) of the variable-speed gear box (2) is connected with the input shaft of a motor (3). The invention has the advantages of high reliability, long service life and wide application range.

Description

A kind of floating impeller serial hydraulic turbine
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of water turbine, particularly be used for generating or compressed-air actuated floating impeller serial hydraulic turbine on a kind of rivers,lakes and seas water surface that can be installed in small drop, belong in the renewable energy sources energy by ocean current, marine tidal-current energy and rivers stream can utilize technical field.
Background technique
At present, existing hydroelectric power plant is to build on the barrage, compiles and raise the water level in river by barrage, and the blade type water turbine that the height of water when utilizing water pouring drives the power station rotates, and drives generator again and produces electric energy.This kind stationary power generation station has the large advantage of generated energy, but such method also exists investment huge, and the construction period is long, and shipping and ecotope are had certain impact, also can produce a large amount of immigrants, thereby has limited the development of water power.In the prior art, some have occurred and utilized energy by ocean current, marine tidal-current energy and rivers stream can carry out the device of the direct generation of electricity, and a kind of is the utilized device that is mounted under the bottom, because construction cost is high, and maintenance management inconvenience, poor reliability is so be still waiting the breakthrough of technology; A kind of is the electricity generating device that can swim on the water surface, and China Patent No. discloses a kind of float type hydroelectric generator for the utility model patent of " 03236760.0 ".It is comprised of float, supporting rack platform, blade hydraulic turbine, driving mechanism, generator and pressure governor.Described float is fixed in the supporting rack platform both sides, is the end cone structure.Blade hydraulic turbine can be single group blade structure.Generator can be selected the wind-driven type generator.This device utilizes fixed stake or other fixture waterborne, is fixed in the water by the traction of chain rope.This device have cost of electricity-generating low, use and flexibly, not to be subjected to river condition restriction and the advantages such as noiseless and environmental pollution.But also there are the following problems for it: 1, blade hydraulic turbine is single group blade structure, so that the power of device is thereupon less, and does not satisfy people's needs.2, the diameter of single group blade structure is larger, can not use in the place that some current are more shallow, and using scope is little.3, the problem that has maintenance management inconvenience.
Summary of the invention
Purpose of the present invention, in order to overcome the existing energy by ocean current that utilizes, the problems referred to above that the electricity generating device of marine tidal-current energy and rivers stream energy exists, a kind of floating impeller serial hydraulic turbine is provided, it is low that it has construction cost, reliability is high, is convenient to maintenance and management, the high and characteristics applied widely of generated output.
Purpose of the present invention can reach by following technical solution:
A kind of floating impeller serial hydraulic turbine is characterized in: it comprises buoyancy aid, is arranged on speed-change gear box, generator on the buoyancy aid, is arranged on the bevel gear box of buoyancy aid bottom, and transmission shaft and impeller sets; Described impeller sets comprises the series shaft that one or more are connected in series mutually, is equipped with a plurality of impellers on each series shaft; One end of transmission shaft by Hooks coupling universal coupling be connected with the series shaft of impeller sets one end, its other end is connected with the input shaft of bevel gear box; The input shaft of bevel gear box is connected with the vertical output axle by bevel gear, and the vertical output axle is connected with the lower velocity shaft of speed-change gear box by bevel gear, and the high speed shaft of described speed-change gear box is connected with the input shaft of motor.
In the practical application, by on firmly the fixture connection is bubbled through the water column, impeller sets swims in the water described buoyancy aid by one or more than one iron chains, wire rope or nylon rope.During work, when the current that certain speed is arranged when swimming in the impeller sets in the water, the impeller of impeller sets transfers the kinetic energy of water is converted to mechanical energy at the driving backspin of current, mechanical energy is delivered to speed-change gear box by transmission shaft, bevel gear box successively, through arriving generator after the speed-change gear box speed-raising, mechanical energy converts electric energy to the most at last again.
Purpose of the present invention can also reach by following technical solution:
A kind of embodiment of the present invention is: described series shaft is made of the fluid-tight hollow tubular of sealing, the two ends of the described hollow tubular universal half-coupling of having plugged into, and the integral body of series shaft can float in the water.
A kind of embodiment of the present invention is: described impeller is made of land, two blades and pressure ring, and land is installed on the series shaft, and land is provided with two blades and a pressure ring.
A kind of embodiment of the present invention is: described speed-change gear box is a kind of Cylinder Gear roller box, and an end of the high speed shaft of Cylinder Gear roller box is connected with generator by flexible coupling.
A kind of embodiment of the present invention is: described water turbine also comprises break, anti-rotation device, and described break is arranged on high speed shaft one side of Cylinder Gear roller box; Described anti-rotation device is arranged on the square protective housing of bevel gear.
A kind of embodiment of the present invention is: described break is a kind of disk type braker, it comprises housing, be arranged on the displacement disc of the strap brake skin of enclosure interior, and the handwheel that is arranged on outside, one end of handwheel penetrates enclosure interior and contacts with displacement disc, rotates handwheel and can drive displacement disc and contact and high speed shaft is slowly stopped with rotating disk on the high speed shaft and stop; Or described break is a kind of power hydraulic pressure block brake.
A kind of embodiment of the present invention is: described anti-rotation device comprises housing, be arranged on the internal tooth card of enclosure interior, and the handwheel that is arranged on outside, one end of handwheel penetrates enclosure interior and the internal tooth clamping is touched, and the rotation handwheel can drive the internal tooth card and will block with the cylindrical gears that bevel gear connects together; Or described anti-rotation device is a kind of anti-rotation device of electronic control.
A kind of embodiment of the present invention is: the profile of described buoyancy aid is twin hull ship, its both sides are provided with floating drum or buoyancy tank, the centre is provided with the cabin for accommodating unit equipment, and the bottom in cabin is fixedly connected with bevel gear box by two dunnages, and bevel gear box is the integral sealing water tight structure.
A kind of embodiment of the present invention is: described speed-change gear box is a kind of epicyclic gearbox.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows:
1, the present invention adopts the impeller sets that is formed by a plurality of impeller serials, can increase widely current to its driving force that applies, rather than rely on a larger impeller of diameter to improve power, can lower like this difficulty and the cost made, but also because of the diameter of impeller less, can in the more shallow water channel of current, use, enlarge the using scope of water turbine.
2, the number of the number of impeller sets of the present invention and impeller can increase or reduce as required.In current weak period or period, the quantity that can increase impeller guarantees that generator power at this moment is unlikely to too low, on the contrary, the quantity that can reduce impeller in stronger period of current or period guarantees that the power of generator this moment is unlikely to too high, and avoid water turbine impaired or washed away, the utilization ratio of water turbine and Security are all increased.
3, the capital equipment of water turbine units of the present invention all is arranged on the buoyancy aid, adds that existing disk type braker has again anti-rotation device, and it is out of service where necessary that both compounding practices can be controlled unit, safeguards or adjust the quantity of impeller.It has and maintains easily and manage, and reliability is high, the advantage that increases the service life.
4, the present invention also can replace motor by air compressor is installed, and utilizes floating drum or buoyancy tank gas storage, has the advantage of applied range.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the overall structure plan view of specific embodiment 1.
Fig. 2 is the overall structure plan view of specific embodiment 1.
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of the bevel gear box in the specific embodiment 1.
Fig. 4 is the structural representation of the disk type braker in the specific embodiment 1.
Fig. 5 is the plan view of the anti-rotation device in the specific embodiment 1.
Fig. 6 is the plan view of the anti-rotation device in the specific embodiment 1.
Embodiment
Specific embodiment 1:
Fig. 1 to Fig. 6 consists of specific embodiments of the invention 1.
With reference to Fig. 1, Fig. 2 and Fig. 3, present embodiment comprises buoyancy aid 1, is arranged on speed-change gear box 2, generator 3 on the buoyancy aid 1, is arranged on the bevel gear box 4 of buoyancy aid bottom, and transmission shaft 5 and impeller sets 6; Described impeller sets 6 comprises two interconnective series shafts 61, is equipped with 3 impellers 63 on each series shaft 61; One end of transmission shaft 5 by Hooks coupling universal coupling be connected with the series shaft 61 of impeller sets 6 one ends, its other end is connected with the input shaft 41 of bevel gear box 4, the input shaft 41 of bevel gear box 4 is connected with vertical output axle 42 by bevel gear 7; Vertical output axle 42 is connected with the lower velocity shaft 21 of speed-change gear box 2 by bevel gear 7, and the high speed shaft 22 of described speed-change gear box 2 is connected with the input shaft of motor 3.Described series shaft 61 is all plugged into universal half-coupling 61a and seal fluid-tight hollow tubular of a two, and its integral body can float in the water.Described impeller 63 is made of land 63a, two blade 63b and pressure ring 63c, and land 63a is installed on the series shaft 61, and land 63a is provided with two blade 63b and a pressure ring 63c.Described speed-change gear box 2 is a kind of Cylinder Gear roller box, and an end of the high speed shaft 42 of Cylinder Gear roller box is connected with generator 3 by flexible coupling 10.Described water turbine also comprises disk type braker 8, anti-rotation device 9, and described disk type braker 8 is arranged on high speed shaft 22 1 sides of Cylinder Gear roller box; Described anti-rotation device 9 is arranged on the square protective housing 7c of bevel gear 7b.
With reference to Fig. 4, described disk type braker 8 comprises housing 81, be arranged on the displacement disc 83 of the strap brake skin 82 of housing 81 inside, and the handwheel 84 that is arranged on housing 81 outsides, one end of handwheel 84 penetrates enclosure interior and contacts with displacement disc 83, rotates handwheel 84 and can drive displacement disc 83 and contact and high speed shaft 22 is slowly stopped with rotating disk 23 on the high speed shaft 22 and stop.
With reference to Fig. 5 and Fig. 6, the profile of described anti-rotation device 9 is identical with lifting screw formula gate valve, it comprises housing 91, be arranged on the internal tooth card 92 of housing 91 inside, and the handwheel 93 that is arranged on housing 91 outsides, one end of handwheel 93 penetrates enclosure interior and contacts with internal tooth card 92, and rotation handwheel 93 can drive internal tooth card 92 and will block with the cylindrical gears 24 that bevel gear 7 connects together.
In the present embodiment, the profile of described buoyancy aid 1 is twin hull ship, and its both sides are provided with floating drum or buoyancy tank, and the centre is provided with the cabin 11 for accommodating unit equipment, the bottom in cabin 11 is fixedly connected with bevel gear box 4 by two dunnages 12, and bevel gear box 4 is the integral sealing water tight structure.In the practical application, by on firmly the fixture connection is bubbled through the water column, impeller sets swims in the water described buoyancy aid by one or more than one iron chains, wire rope or nylon rope.
Working principle of the present invention is as follows:
During work, when the current that certain speed is arranged when swimming in the impeller sets in the water, a plurality of impellers of impeller sets jointly convert the kinetic energy of current to mechanical energy and are sent to the transmission shaft that connects by Hooks coupling universal coupling, transmission shaft is delivered to mechanical energy the input shaft of bevel gear box, after the vertical output axle commutation through speed-change gear box, pass to again the lower velocity shaft of speed-change gear box, after crossing the speed-change gear box speed-raising, arrive generator, mechanical energy converts electric energy to the most at last, and whole operation process is to high speed by low speed rotation.If need to safeguard the quantity that maybe needs to adjust impeller in work to machine in the engineering, contact and high speed shaft is slowly stopped with rotating disk on the high speed shaft and stop just only need to can drive by the handwheel that rotates disk type braker displacement disc; Then the handwheel that rotates anti-rotation device can drive the internal tooth card and will block with the cylindrical gears that bevel gear connects together.Then just can safeguard the quantity that maybe needs to adjust impeller to machine.
Specific embodiment 2:
The characteristics of present embodiment are: described break 8 is a kind of power hydraulic pressure block brake.Other are identical with specific embodiment 1.
Specific embodiment 3:
The characteristics of present embodiment are: described anti-rotation device 9 is a kind of anti-rotation device of electronic control.Other are identical with specific embodiment 1 or 2.
Other embodiments:
Described speed-change gear box also can adopt epicyclic gearbox, and the quantity of the series shaft of described impeller sets 6 is 1,3,4,5 or 6, and impeller 63 quantity on the series shaft are 2,4,5 or 6; The quantity, the size that change quantity, size or the change impeller of series shaft all belong to protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (9)

1. floating impeller serial hydraulic turbine, it is characterized in that: comprise buoyancy aid (1), be arranged on speed-change gear box (2), generator (3) on the buoyancy aid (1), be arranged on the bevel gear box (4) of buoyancy aid (1) bottom, and transmission shaft (5) and impeller sets (6); Described impeller sets (6) comprises several series shafts that mutually is connected in series (61), is respectively equipped with several impellers (62) on each series shaft (61); One end of transmission shaft (5) by Hooks coupling universal coupling be connected with the series shaft that is positioned at impeller sets (6) one ends (61), its other end is connected with the input shaft (41) of bevel gear box (4); The input shaft (41) of bevel gear box (4) is connected with vertical output axle (42) by bevel gear (7a), vertical output axle (42) is connected with the lower velocity shaft (21) of speed-change gear box (2) by bevel gear (7b), and the high speed shaft (22) of speed-change gear box (2) is connected with the input shaft of motor (3).
2. a kind of floating impeller serial hydraulic turbine according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described series shaft (61) is made of the fluid-tight hollow tubular of sealing, the two ends of the described hollow tubular universal half-coupling (61a) of having plugged into, the integral body of series shaft (61) can float in the water.
3. a kind of floating impeller serial hydraulic turbine according to claim 1 and 2, it is characterized in that: described impeller (62) is made of land (62a), two blades (62b) and pressure ring (62c), land (62a) is installed on the series shaft (61), and land (62a) is provided with two blades (62b) and a pressure ring (62c).
4. a kind of floating impeller serial hydraulic turbine according to claim 1 and 2, it is characterized in that: described speed-change gear box (2) is a kind of Cylinder Gear roller box, and an end of the high speed shaft of Cylinder Gear roller box (42) is connected with generator (3) by flexible coupling (10).
5. a kind of floating impeller serial hydraulic turbine according to claim 4, it is characterized in that: described water turbine also comprises break (8), anti-rotation device (9), and described break (8) is arranged on high speed shaft (22) one sides of Cylinder Gear roller box; Described anti-rotation device (9) is arranged on the square protective housing (7c) of bevel gear (7b).
6. a kind of floating impeller serial hydraulic turbine according to claim 5, it is characterized in that: described break (8) is a kind of disk type braker, it comprises housing (81), be arranged on the displacement disc (83) of the inner strap brake skin (82) of housing (81), and the handwheel (84) that is arranged on housing (81) outside, one end of handwheel (84) penetrates enclosure interior and contacts with displacement disc (83), rotates handwheel (84) and can drive displacement disc (83) and contact with rotating disk (23) on the high speed shaft (22), and high speed shaft (22) is slowly stopped stop; Or described break (8) is a kind of power hydraulic pressure block brake.
7. a kind of floating impeller serial hydraulic turbine according to claim 5, it is characterized in that: described anti-rotation device (9) comprises housing (91), be arranged on the inner internal tooth card (92) of housing (91), and the handwheel (93) that is arranged on housing (91) outside, one end of handwheel (93) penetrates enclosure interior and contacts with internal tooth card (92), and rotation handwheel (93) can drive internal tooth card (92) and will block with the cylindrical gears (24) that bevel gear (7b) connects together; Or described anti-rotation device (9) is a kind of anti-rotation device of electronic control.
8. a kind of floating impeller serial hydraulic turbine according to claim 1 and 2, it is characterized in that: the profile of described buoyancy aid (1) is twin hull ship, its both sides are provided with floating drum or buoyancy tank, the centre is provided with the cabin (11) for accommodating unit equipment, the bottom in cabin (11) is fixedly connected with bevel gear box (4) by two dunnages (12), and bevel gear box (4) is the integral sealing water tight structure.
9. a kind of floating impeller serial hydraulic turbine according to claim 1 and 2, it is characterized in that: described speed-change gear box (2) is a kind of epicyclic gearbox.
CN 200910193905 2009-11-13 2009-11-13 Floating impeller serial hydraulic turbine Expired - Fee Related CN101701565B (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 200910193905 CN101701565B (en) 2009-11-13 2009-11-13 Floating impeller serial hydraulic turbine

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 200910193905 CN101701565B (en) 2009-11-13 2009-11-13 Floating impeller serial hydraulic turbine

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CN101701565B true CN101701565B (en) 2013-03-13

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CN102094741B (en) * 2010-12-23 2013-06-12 曾兴文 Vertical type water liquid compression annular shaft engine
CN102434712A (en) * 2011-10-19 2012-05-02 钟传继 Driving valve used on pressure pipeline
CN102758718B (en) * 2012-07-11 2015-09-16 许修武 Wave power generating ship
WO2015070411A1 (en) * 2013-11-14 2015-05-21 深圳智慧能源技术有限公司 Water-driven power generation apparatus
CN103758679B (en) * 2014-01-23 2016-08-10 山东大学 A kind of vane telescopic tidal current energy power generation
CN104863787B (en) * 2015-05-04 2017-03-08 上海海洋大学 A kind of wave stream coupling power-generating apparatus
KR102168770B1 (en) * 2016-03-22 2020-10-22 엔티엔 가부시키가이샤 Aberration and the connection structure of the two male screw shafts used for it and the connection structure of the two shafts
CN105952578B (en) * 2016-05-26 2018-07-31 哈尔滨工程大学 A kind of biplane power generator
CN105840392B (en) * 2016-06-15 2017-12-22 王德辉 A kind of Floating Tidal TRT
CN108770712A (en) * 2018-05-17 2018-11-09 蔡秋菊 A kind of herding Crosswind type feeder

Citations (3)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2064409U (en) * 1989-12-30 1990-10-24 河南石油勘探局采油工艺研究所 Smooth rod clamping device being able to lock
CN2257332Y (en) * 1995-08-04 1997-07-02 官体富 Brake of hydroelectric generating set
CN2599270Y (en) * 2003-01-24 2004-01-14 巨宏跃 Float-type hydraulic electrogenerator

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KR20040033160A (en) * 2002-10-11 2004-04-21 현대중공업 주식회사 Current energy power generation apparatus using impeller type water mill

Patent Citations (3)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2064409U (en) * 1989-12-30 1990-10-24 河南石油勘探局采油工艺研究所 Smooth rod clamping device being able to lock
CN2257332Y (en) * 1995-08-04 1997-07-02 官体富 Brake of hydroelectric generating set
CN2599270Y (en) * 2003-01-24 2004-01-14 巨宏跃 Float-type hydraulic electrogenerator

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