CN101699393B - Network-facing intelligent software interface dynamic generation method - Google Patents

Network-facing intelligent software interface dynamic generation method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101699393B
CN101699393B CN 200910035887 CN200910035887A CN101699393B CN 101699393 B CN101699393 B CN 101699393B CN 200910035887 CN200910035887 CN 200910035887 CN 200910035887 A CN200910035887 A CN 200910035887A CN 101699393 B CN101699393 B CN 101699393B
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China
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interface
service
interface display
display
client
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CN 200910035887
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Chinese (zh)
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CN101699393A (en
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朱双华
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中国电子科技集团公司第二十八研究所
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Abstract

The invention discloses an intelligent software interface dynamic generation method facing a network, which comprises the following steps: standardization and development of display services of an interface; description of display demands of the interface; standardization and development of application background treatment services; and dynamic generation of the display interface. When the display interface needs to be adjusted, codes do not need to be modified, nor does a display software need to be recompiled, and a new display interface can be dynamically generated by re-defining the new interface description; when in the normal display process, the display services of the interface which are in line with the method can be automatically dynamically downloaded from various service nodes on the network according to the new demands of the interface display of a user, the new interface can be rapidly integrated by intelligent automatic splicing and combination without simultaneously starting a plurality of browser windows; when in the browsing process, the dynamic adjustment of the display interface can be supported according to the requirements of the user on the display style without writing codes and recompiling; and the method can simultaneously reduce the workload of a developer, improve the development efficiency and simplify the later maintenance.

Description

A kind of intelligent software interface dynamic generation method of network-oriented

Technical field

The present invention relates to computer software interface development, integrated and demonstration field, and system software interface modeling field, be a kind of intelligentized method that dynamically generates based on the user software interface of interface display demand of network-oriented.

Background technology

In the exploitation of traditional computer software interface, the software interface developer is on the basis in the interface development storehouse that Windows or other platform provide, according to user interface requirement, write reveal codes and Batch Processing and process, last integrated generation user software interface.In case yet user interface demonstration demand changes, the software interface developer must write reveal codes again, and related service is processed, after recompilating, could form the new software interface that user interface shows needs that satisfies, if the interface is less, this method is also feasible, but when the interface is very many, the workload of its modification will be very large, thereby can't adapt to fast the variation of user's request.

In the traditional interface procedure for displaying, the user can't be with the picture dynamic integrity of the interface display of other application in this demonstration, and for example, the interface of Sina's webpage can't dynamically add in other web interface, can only open simultaneously a plurality of windows.

In addition, in the navigation process of traditional software interface, inconsistent because of personal like and the face of concern often can occur in user's use procedure, need to dynamically adjust software interface display styles, layout etc.; And the traditional software interface development usually adopts the once mode of typing, if adjust, need to carry out code to write and recompilate its opening, extendability deficiency.

Summary of the invention

Goal of the invention: technical matters to be solved by this invention is for the deficiencies in the prior art, and a kind of intelligent software interface dynamic generation method of network-oriented is provided.

Technical scheme: the invention discloses a kind of intelligent software interface dynamic generation method of network-oriented, may further comprise the steps: a, interface display service regulation and exploitation; B, interface display requirement description; C, application background process service regulation and exploitation; D, display interface dynamically generate.

Step a, interface display service regulation and development procedure: the interface display service refer to satisfy the user interface display requirement, can reusable module, this module satisfies the eight class interface requirements that the interface display service regulation is determined, the client end interface integrated framework passes through the combination of interface display service and integrated is formed user's display interface; The interface display service regulation is to instruct software developer's development interface to show that service loads and integrated foundation to interface display for service and client end interface integrated framework.The software developer according to the interface display service regulation, utilize the foundational development storehouse to work out concrete interface display service, then with interface display service arrangement a certain service end node on network of developing, satisfy the interface display Service Source and share, and the multi-client dynamic download that distributes on the network enabled and integrated.

Particularly, the interface display of interface display service regulation regulation of the present invention is served eight class interfaces, is respectively: 1) service metadata management interface is used for the client end interface integrated framework to the management of interface display Service Instance attribute, method and event information; 2) service lifecycle management interface is used for the establishment of client end interface integrated framework, initialization and destruction interface display Service Instance; 3) method of servicing dispatch interface is used for the client end interface integrated framework and carries out calling the inner customizing method of interface display Service Instance; 4) information on services serializing and unserializing interface are used for the integrated integrated framework of client by serializing and unserializing, attribute, method, event and the data message of Save and restore interface display Service Instance; 5) service name management interface is used for the client end interface integrated framework to interface display service name, ID, class name and type information management; 6) service script executive's interface is used for the client end interface integrated framework and carries out calling the custom script method of interface display Service Instance; 7) interface is upgraded, obtained to service data, is used for the client end interface integrated framework by upgrading and obtaining, and imports into and derive interface display Service Instance data message; 8) service container management interface, be used for the client end interface integrated framework to the interface display Service Instance comprise the obtaining, add and the management such as deletion of sub-interface display Service Instance, described service container is the container that administration interface shows service; Generally be used for containing some objects at the computer realm container, then these objects managed, with the purpose that reaches flexible storage, calls; As: 1) Web container generally is used for management Web page resource (JSP+Applet), and processes for the client user provides page request; 2) Enterprise Java Bean container, general management EJB (enterprise application processing member) resource that is used for is for user side provides various processing; 3) STL template container is used for the administrative class object, and the interface functions such as storage, inquiry are provided.Software interface shows that the service development personnel realize some or all of interface according to actual needs.By this eight class interface, the client end interface integrated framework is realized the loading of interface display service, integrated and interface generation, and in the reciprocal process to the calling of the attribute of interface display service, method, event etc., for mutual, association between the interface display service provide support; In addition, the interface display service regulation both can have been developed the interface display service that has the Batch Processing processing power, the interface is arranged, also can develop have the Batch Processing processing power, without the interface display service at interface, thereby enrich the client terminal local processing power.

Step b, interface display requirement description step: this step provides a kind of interface display requirement description standard and interface display requirement description language GIDL (Graphical Interfaces Description Language).This step is used the interface display requirement description language according to interface display requirement description standard, carries out the description of software display interface; The user can pass through text editor or visualization interface edit tool, generate the interface display requirement description file that service interface shows the requirement description standard, this document is described interface display service that the software display interface comprises, service relation and the information such as layout each other; If the interface display changes in demand is made amendment to interface display requirement description file; At last this interface display requirement description Documents Department is deployed in a certain service end node on the network, carries out the resource sharing of interface display requirement description, the multi-client dynamic download that distributes on the network enabled is used and is integrated;

Step c, use background process service regulation and development procedure: using the background process service and refer to and can be called by the user interface demonstration, can be the module of multi-client service, and this module satisfies uses the two class interface requirements that the background process service regulation is determined; By to using calling of background process service, realize that software interface shows mutual and data are processed.Use the background process service regulation and be and instruct that the service of software developer's Application and Development background process and service end background service framework load, the foundation of integrated and dispatch application background process service; The software developer uses the background process service according to using the establishment of background process service regulation, then should use background process service arrangement a certain service end node on network, realizing using the background process Service Source shares, the multi-client that distributes on the network enabled calls separately or concurrent invocation, finishes the processing to concrete business function.

Particularly, the present invention uses the application background process of background process service regulation regulation and serves two class interfaces, specifically comprise: 1) service lifecycle management interface is used for the establishment of service end background service framework, initialization and destruction and uses the background process Service Instance; 2) method of servicing information management interface is managed, is called the application background process for service end background service framework and serves self-defined disposal route.Service end background service framework realizes using the scheduling of background process service by this two class interface, and this locality or remote synchronization, asynchronous service are called the ability of providing support.

Steps d, display interface dynamically generate step, and this process is comprised of two subprocess: 1) the client end interface integrated framework reads interface display requirement description file, and the required interface display service of combination dynamically generates user's display interface after resolving; If local the demonstration without respective interface serves, satisfactory interface display service be searched for, be downloaded to the client end interface integrated framework will from each service node that network distributes automatically according to the interface display service name; 2) service end background service framework customer in response end interface integrated framework request, dynamically submit required interface display requirement description file or the interface display service of user to, the client end interface integrated framework carries out dynamic load according to interface display requirement description or interface display service that service end background service framework returns; In addition, service end background service framework can also be according to the interaction demand of user interface demonstration, and the background process service is used in dynamic call, and the result is returned to the client end interface integrated framework; Each continuous, concurrent synchronous and asynchronous of multi-client that service end background service framework distributes on can network enabled is used background process service invocation request.

Described steps d the method adopts the architecture of network-oriented, but is not limited to traditional client and the man-to-man relation of service end, can be the relation of one-to-many, many-one, multi-to-multi; Support that the client end interface integrated framework is integrated to the interface display service of the single or multiple service end nodes that distribute on the network, use calling of background process service, a plurality of clients that distribute on also can network enabled are integrated to the interface display service of single service node, use calling of background process service; Service end supports single or multiple clients to using the background process service call; Whole display interface dynamically generates and is comprised of two subprocess: 1) the client end interface integrated framework reads the interface display description, the required interface display service of combination after resolving, dynamically generate the process of user's display interface, if local the demonstration without respective interface serves, satisfactory interface display service be searched for, be downloaded to the client end interface integrated framework will from each service node that network distributes automatically according to the interface display service name; 2) service end background service framework customer in response end interface integrated framework request, dynamically submit required interface display requirement description file or the interface display service of user to, the client end interface integrated framework carries out dynamic load according to interface display requirement description or interface display service that service end background service framework returns, in addition, service end background service framework can also be according to the interaction demand of user interface demonstration, the background process service is used in dynamic call, and the result returned to the client end interface integrated framework, the multi-client that the background service end frame distributes on can network enabled is continuous, each concurrent synchronous and asynchronous is used the background process service invocation request.

The above subprocess 1 concrete steps of the present invention are as follows:

1) the client end interface integrated framework reads the interface display requirement description, resolve to describe content, forms inforamtion tree, comprises the title, initial attribute of interface display service in the tree node, initially shows the information such as data, alternative events, operation;

2) client end interface integrated framework circular recursion traversal inforamtion tree;

3) the client end interface integrated framework is according to the interface display service name information that comprises in the tree node, and the dynamic load respective interface shows service, and creates respective interface demonstration Service Instance;

4) if this locality does not exist respective interface to show service, the service end background service framework that the client end interface integrated framework distributes on the network sends interface display service download request, and then dynamic interface shows service and integrated;

5) the client end interface integrated framework calls interface display Service Instance unserializing interface, and the various information that comprises in the node is reduced;

6) if this interface display Service Instance comprises sub-interface display Service Instance, the client end interface integrated framework is according to the interface display service name information that comprises in the tree node, the service of dynamic load interface display, create sub-interface display Service Instance, and will manage in the newly-built example adding father interface display Service Instance;

7) the recurrence traversal finishes, and includes the interface display Service Instance tabulation of in interface display Service Instance and manages;

8) client end interface integrated framework recycle recurrence travels through all interface display Service Instances;

9) call demonstration and create interface, according to layout information, in his father's interface display Service Instance display window, create corresponding the demonstration;

10) recurrence finishes, and generates user's display interface;

11) in the interface display process, when the user carries out interactive operation to the interface, the user interactions input is monitored/received to the client end interface integrated framework, according to event type, and current triggering object, be distributed to layer by layer respective interface by containment relationship and show Service Instance, and call the event handling interface, carry out respective handling and dynamically update demonstration; When needs and service end are carried out when mutual, monitoring/the reception of client end interface integrated framework comes the display update data between automatic network or the interface display Service Instance, according to the reception object information that comprises, Data dissemination is shown Service Instance to respective interface, and the calling data updating interface, process and dynamic display updating;

12) in the interface display process, according to mutual needs, the client end interface integrated framework is at first searched the interface display Service Instance according to interface display Service Instance title or ID, then call the instance properties management interface, realize attribute access is operated according to Property Name or ID, the call method management interface according to method name and parameter information, is realized calling the method interface; According to address, interface name, method name and the parameter information of using the background process service, the client end interface integrated framework is delivered to corresponding service end background service framework with information package, realization is to using calling of background process service interface method, if synchronization call, then carry out synchro control in the synchronization call interface, the complete ability of wait interface interchange returns to result specifically to be called; If asynchronous call, do not wait for then that interface is disposed directly to return, then when result is returned, by interface display Service Instance Data Update interface, result returned to specifically call.

The above subprocess 2 concrete steps of the present invention are as follows:

1) client end interface integrated framework shows with user interface that application background process service interface, method and the parameter information sequence that need to call turn to and calls the text formatting string; To call the text formatting string by Internet Transmission and be delivered to service end background service framework;

2) service end background service framework calls the text formatting string according to what receive, is deserialized as interface interchange information;

3) service end background service framework, according to the mapping relations between interface interchange information and the service of practical application background process, the service of load application background process, and be converted into calling the actual treatment function;

4) service end background service framework turns to the result sequence and calls as a result returned text string, and passes the client end interface integrated framework back by Internet Transmission;

5) the client end interface integrated framework receives and calls result text string and unserializing, and the unserializing result is passed to concrete interface display service, shows final process result by the interface display service.

In the above step b of the present invention and the steps d, interface requirement description language GIDL (GraphicalInterfaces Description Language) and interface display requirement description standard are provided; Interface display requirement description language GIDL, in order to support interface display intelligence to generate and the customization of interface display demand, a kind of level that proposes, tree-shaped, extendible text label language according to interface display requirement description standard, to the demonstration of interface software, alternately control and data three large key elements provide a description respectively support, it mainly comprises 6 speech like sound labels, is specially: 1) display element type label; 2) attribute description label; 3) data description label; 4) method is described label; 5) dynamically show the resource type label; 6) correlating event is processed and is described label.Interface display requirement description regulation and stipulation interface display requirement description must comprise following key element: 1) go out all interface display service names that interface display need to be used by interface display element type label column, describe interface display service association attributes by the attribute description label, comprise that the interface display service provides attribute and Custom Attributes information.The corresponding interface display Service Instance of interface display element is the basic composition of interface display; An interface display Service Instance uses a display element type label, it is the essential information node of interface display service describing, be called the interface display node element, it comprises the sub-information node about attribute description, data description, method description and event description; 2) by the level between the interface display node element, tree-shaped relational structure describe between the interface display Service Instance relation side by side, comprise or the relation such as containing; 3) information such as interface display Service Instance layout are described by the attribute description label; 4) by the data description label content or the data resource address information that the interface display Service Instance need to show described; 5) the interactive action event response script of interface display Service Instance is described by the event description label; 6) by method label is described and the event description label column goes out all method names and the parameter that the interface display service need to be called.Then developer or user, according to interface display requirement description standard, use interface display requirement description language GIDL, carry out software display interface requirement description, the user can be by text editor or the visualization interface edit tool of working out according to the interface service regulation, carry out concrete interface display requirement description, describe the information such as interface display service, relation each other and layout that the software display interface comprises; In case the interface display demand changes, can make amendment to interface display requirement description file; At last, to be deployed in a certain service end node on the network according to the concrete interface display requirement description Documents Department that interface display requirement description standard is write, satisfy the resource sharing of interface display requirement description, the multi-client dynamic download that distributes on the network enabled is used and is integrated.Beneficial effect: the intelligent software interface dynamic generation method that the invention provides a kind of network-oriented, when the software display interface that adopts this method to generate need to be adjusted, need not revise code, recompilate software for display, can by redefining new interface display requirement description, dynamically generate new display interface.In normal procedure for displaying, can be according to the new needs of user interface demonstration, automatic from network each service node dynamic download meets the interface display service of this method, and by intelligent automatic Mosaic, combination, fast integration is new interface.In navigation process, can support display interface dynamically to adjust according to user's display styles requirement, need not to carry out code and write and recompilate; In interface generation, demonstration and reciprocal process, can be according to the man-machine interaction requirements of process, intelligent drives shows conversion, show that the mutual and Local or Remote between the service uses calling of background process service; The method also can reduce developer's workload simultaneously, improves development efficiency, easy later maintenance.

Dynamic download is as requested from the remote download to this locality among the present invention; Dynamic load is that local resource or dynamic download are loaded integrated use dynamically to local resource.

1), adopt based on describing the interface mode that generates the present invention compared with prior art has the following advantages:, when display interface need to be adjusted, need not to revise code, recompilate software for display, can by redefining new interface description, dynamically generate new display interface.2), in navigation process, can be according to user's display styles requirement, support display interface dynamically to adjust, need not to carry out code and write and recompilate.3), the method adopts the architecture of network-oriented, but is not limited to traditional client and the man-to-man relation of service end, can be the relation of one-to-many, many-one, multi-to-multi; Support that the client end interface integrated framework is integrated to the interface display service of the single or multiple service end nodes that distribute on the network, use calling of background process service, a plurality of clients that distribute on also can network enabled are integrated to the interface display service of single service node, the calling of background process service; Service end is supported single or multiple clients calling various application background process services.4), support the thin-client working method, can according to user's request, automatically download interface display requirement description file from the single or multiple service nodes that network distributes; Can be according to the interface display needs, the single or multiple service node dynamic download that automatically distribute from network meet the interface display service of this method, and by intelligent connecting, combination, fast integration is new interface, and need not to open simultaneously a plurality of windows of browsing.5), in interface generation, demonstration and reciprocal process, can be according to the man-machine interaction requirements of process, intelligent drives shows conversion, show that the mutual and Local or Remote between the service uses calling of background process service.6), the method can reduce developer's workload, raising development efficiency, easy later maintenance.

Description of drawings

Below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments the present invention is done further to specify, above-mentioned and/or otherwise advantage of the present invention will become apparent.

Fig. 1 is schematic diagram of the present invention.

Fig. 2 interface display service development interface synoptic diagram.

Fig. 3 uses background process service development interface synoptic diagram.

The dynamic product process figure of Fig. 4 display interface.

The remote service call flow chart of Fig. 5 network-oriented.

Embodiment:

As shown in Figure 1, main method step of the present invention comprises: a, interface display service regulation and exploitation; B, interface display requirement description; C, application background process service regulation and exploitation; D, display interface dynamically generate.

Step a, the invention provides the interface display service regulation, this regulation and stipulation 8 class interfaces of interface display service development, see Fig. 2, be respectively: 1) service metadata management interface is used for the client end interface integrated framework to the management of attribute, method and the event information of interface display Service Instance; 2) service lifecycle management interface is used for the establishment of client end interface integrated framework, initialization and destruction interface display Service Instance; 3) method of servicing dispatch interface is used for the client end interface integrated framework and carries out calling the inner customizing method of interface display Service Instance; 4) information on services serializing and unserializing interface are used for the client end interface integrated framework by serializing and unserializing, attribute, method, event and the data message of Save and restore interface display Service Instance; 5) service name management interface is used for the client end interface integrated framework to information managements such as interface display service name, ID, class name and types; 6) service script executive's interface is used for the client end interface integrated framework and carries out calling the custom script method of interface display Service Instance; 7) interface is upgraded, obtained to service data, is used for the client end interface integrated framework by upgrading and obtaining, and imports into and derive interface display Service Instance data message; 8) service container management interface is used for obtaining, add and the management such as deletion of the client end interface integrated framework interface display Service Instance that service comprises to interface display.Software interface shows that the service development personnel realize some or all of interface according to actual needs.

By this eight class interface, the client end interface integrated framework is realized the loading of interface display service, integrated and interface generation, and in the reciprocal process to the calling of the attribute of interface display service, method, event etc., for mutual, association between the interface display service provide support.In addition, the interface display service regulation both can have been developed the interface display service that has the Batch Processing processing power, the interface is arranged, also can develop have the Batch Processing processing power, without the interface display service at interface, thereby enrich the client terminal local processing power.

The user is divided into three major types according to the interface display service of this standard exploitation, the first kind is that standard interface shows service, be standard man-machine interface (UI) element, as: button, label, tabulation, text box, dialog box, form, menu, tool bar, status bar, dock, tree, drop-down list etc.; Equations of The Second Kind is that General Purpose Interface shows service, as: figure, image, chart, form, form, video etc.; The 3rd class is that special interface shows service, is specifically to need for each field, follows the interface display service regulation, and the service of Application standard interface display and General Purpose Interface show the application layer interface display service of service development.Wherein standard interface shows that service and General Purpose Interface show that service is referred to as the foundational development storehouse.User's display interface is formed by this three classes interface display Service Assembly.

At last, a certain service end node that will distribute at network according to the interface display service arrangement of standard exploitation realizes that the interface display Service Source is shared, the multi-client dynamic download that distributes on the network enabled and integrated.

Step b, interface display requirement description step, this step provide a kind of interface display requirement description language GIDL (Graphical Interfaces Description Language) and interface display requirement description standard; Interface display requirement description language GIDL, in order to support interface display intelligence to generate and the customization of interface display demand, a kind of level that proposes, tree-shaped, extendible text label language according to interface display requirement description standard, to the demonstration of interface software, alternately control and data three large key elements provide a description respectively support, it mainly comprises 6 speech like sound labels, is specially:

1, display element type label

This label is used for describing the type information that shows employed interface display service, and the display element type label can increase and constantly expand along with the interface display service, the corresponding type label of each interface display service; Repeat for fear of the tag name name, formulated the tag name Naming conventions, specific as follows: 1) the interface display service of User Exploitation, adopt " exabyte _ function name _ version ", as: CETC_GIS_1.0 represents the GIS interface display service of CETC exploitation.2) basic interface display service, adopt function name _ version, such as GDialog_1.0, GMVFrame_1.0, GSVFrame_1.0, GView_1.0, GStatusBar_1.0, GToolBar_1.0, GMenu_1.0, GDockBar_1.0, GButton_1.0, GEdit_1.0, GStatic_1.0, GComboBox_1.0, GToolBarButton_1.0 etc.

2, attribute description label

This label is used for describing the attribute information that the interface display Service Instance comprises, and comprises attribute and user-defined attribute information that the interface display service provides, and it is as follows that specific object is described standard:

(1) the attribute description form that provides of interface display service:

In interface display element description node attribute, add the interface display Service Properties, nodal community is called interface display Service Properties name, and property value is corresponding concrete interface display Service Properties value, and its concrete form is as follows:

Attribute-name=" property value "

As:<GDialog_1.0Name=" LogInDlg " Rect=" 0,0,300; 250 " Caption=" log in dialog box "/it has described a title and has been " logging in dialog box ", layout be a dialog box demonstration resource of " 0,0; 300,250 " rectangle size.

(2) user-defined attribute information description form:

" User Defined attribute description " label is called " GParam ", comprises two attributes " ParamName " (attribute-name), " ParamValue " (property value); By the User Defined attribute description, realize that the interface display function expands and Information Access, it exists with interface display element child node form, can comprise a plurality of Custom Attributes, and concrete form is as follows:

<interface display element type label 〉

<GParam ParamName=" attribute-name " ParamValue=" property value "/〉

……

</interface display element type label 〉

As:

<GDialog>

<GParam?ParamName=″ServerIP″ParamValue=″192.168.11.3″/>

</GDialog>

It has been described a dialog box and has shown that the incidental attribute of resource " ServerIP " is " 192.168.11.3 ".

3, data description label

The data description label is " Data ", and it exists with interface display element child node form, and data description node of an interface display service, describes the interface display service by this label and shows required demonstration data message; Because each interface display service shows that data description mode and content structure there are differences, so only do pro forma constraint, its concrete form is as follows:

<interface display element type label〉<Data 〉

According to interface display service characteristic self-defining data description scheme;

</Data>

</interface display element type label 〉

The below is the description that a tree control shows data:

<GTreeCtrl>

<Data>

<TNode Name=" forecast center 1 " image=" 0 " imageOpen=" 1 " Checked=" 3 "

isOpen=″TRUE″>

<TNode Name=" meteorological 1 " image=" 0 " imageOpen=" 1 " Checked=" 3 "/〉

</TNode>

</Data>

</GTreeCtrl>

4, method is described label

Method is described label and is " Script ", then adds " Function " before method realizes, adds " End " after method realizes.Method is described label and is existed with interface display element child node form, and the corresponding method description node of interface display service; This label is mainly used in describing the User Defined processing logic, is a kind of text based script describing method, expands important role in interface alternation logic control and function; These customizing methods can directly be called by script, also can directly be called by interface display service and client end interface integrated framework; Its concrete form is as follows:

<interface display element type label 〉

<Script>

Function functional based method name (parameter list)

The function specific implementation;

End;

</Script>

</interface display element type label〉as:

<GButton?Caption=″Add″>

<Script>

function?Add(x,y)

c=x+y;

ret?c;

End;

</Script>

It has described a self-defined addition process logic of a button the inside.

</GButton>

5, dynamically show the resource type label

Show that dynamically the resource type label is " DynamicGIDLResource ", a interface display requirement description only has one dynamically to show the resource type node, and all dynamic interfaces show that resource all is described in its child node; It is dynamic resource that this label is mainly used in identifying its display element that comprises, and these resources can be according to the interface display requirements of process, by client end interface integrated framework dynamic load and integrated demonstration; Its concrete form is as follows:

<DvnamicGIDLResource>

Interface display to be loaded is described

</DynamicGIDLResource>

As:

<DynamicGIDLResource>

" 0,0,300,250 " Caption=" log in dialog box "〉to<GDialog_1.0Name=" LogInDlg " Rect=

<GStatic_1.0Name=" UserNameLabel " Rect=" 35,50,103,71 " Caption=" user name

″/>

<GEdit_1.0?Name=″UserNameEdit″Rect=″126,54,281,75″Caption=″″

IsBorder=″TRUE″/><GStatic_1.0?????????????????Name=″PassWordLabel″

Rect=" 36,100,104,124 " Caption=" password "/〉

<GEdit_1.0?Name=″PassWordEdit″Rect=″126,101,281,122″EditType

=″PassWord″/>

" 58,159,158,185 " Caption=" log in<GButton_1.0 Name=" LogInButton " Rect=

″/>

<GButton_1.0Name=" ExitButton " Rect=" 166,158,266,185 " Caption=" withdraw from "/〉

</GDialog_1.0>

</DynamicGIDLResource>

It has described a log-in interface resource description that is used for dynamic load.

6, correlating event is processed label

Correlating event is processed label form and method is described labels class seemingly, coexists with the method description node; This label is used for describing interface display service interaction action event response script, and the user can control interface alternation logic and funcall by event scripts; Its concrete form is as follows:

<interface display element type label 〉

<Script>

Function event-handling method name (parameter list)

Event handling realizes;

End;

</Script>

</interface display element type label 〉

As:

<GButton?Caption=″Add″>

<Script>

Function?OnClick()

x=GetA();

y=GetB();

Total=Add(x,y)

End;

function?Add(x,y)

c=x+y;

ret?c;

End;

</Script>

It has described a button click event, finishes the addition calculation to two numerical value of user's input.

Interface display requirement description standard comprises following key element:

1) goes out all interface display service names that interface display need to be used by interface display element type label column, describe interface display service association attributes by the attribute description label, comprise that the interface display service provides attribute and Custom Attributes information.The corresponding interface display Service Instance of interface display element is the basic composition of interface display; An interface display Service Instance uses a display element type label, it is the essential information node of interface display service describing, be called the interface display node element, it comprises the sub-information node about attribute description, data description, method description and event description;

2) by the level between the interface display node element, tree-shaped relational structure describe between the interface display Service Instance side by side, comprise or the relation such as containing;

3) information such as interface display Service Instance layout are described by the attribute description label;

4) by the data description label content or the data resource address information that the interface display Service Instance need to show described;

5) process the interactive action event response script that the description label is described the interface display Service Instance by correlating event;

6) by method label is described and the event description label column goes out all method names and the parameter that the interface display service need to be called.

Developer or user, according to interface display requirement description standard, use interface display requirement description language GIDL, carry out software display interface requirement description, the user can pass through text editor or visualization interface edit tool, generate the interface display requirement description file that service interface shows the requirement description standard, this document is described interface display service that the software display interface comprises, service relation and the information such as layout each other; In case the interface display demand changes, only need interface display requirement description file is made amendment; At last, this interface display requirement description Documents Department is deployed in a certain service end node on the network, satisfies the resource sharing of interface display requirement description, the multi-client dynamic download that distributes on the network enabled is used and is integrated.

Step c, the invention provides and use the background process service regulation, this regulation and stipulation use two class interfaces of background process service development, see Fig. 3, be respectively: 1) service lifecycle management interface is used for the establishment of service end background service framework, initialization and destruction and uses the background process Service Instance; 2) method of servicing information management interface is managed, is called the application background process for service end background service framework and serves self-defined disposal route.Service end background service framework is realized using the scheduling of background process service by this two class interface, then will be according to background process service arrangement a certain service end node on network of standard exploitation, satisfying the background process Service Source shares, and the multi-client that distributes on the network enabled calls separately or concurrent invocation, realizes the processing to concrete business.

1. steps d, the dynamic generating principle of display interface as shown in Figure 1, the method adopts the architecture of network-oriented, but is not limited to traditional client and the man-to-man relation of service end, can be the relation of one-to-many, many-one, multi-to-multi; Support that the client end interface integrated framework is integrated to the interface display service of the single or multiple service end nodes that distribute on the network, use calling of background process service, a plurality of clients that distribute on also can network enabled are integrated to the interface display service of single service node, use calling of background process service; Service end supports single or multiple clients to various application background process service calls, it is comprised of two subprocess: 1) the client end interface integrated framework reads the interface display description, the required interface display service of combination after resolving, dynamically generate the process of user's display interface, if local the demonstration without respective interface serves, satisfactory interface display service be searched for, be downloaded to the client end interface integrated framework will from each service node that network distributes automatically according to the interface display service name; 2) service end background service framework customer in response end interface integrated framework request, dynamically submit required interface display requirement description file or the interface display service of user to, the client end interface integrated framework carries out dynamic load according to interface display requirement description or interface display service that service end background service framework returns, in addition, service end background service framework can also be according to the interaction demand of user interface demonstration, the background process service is used in dynamic call, and the result returned to the client end interface integrated framework, the multi-client that service end background service framework distributes on can network enabled is continuous, each concurrent synchronous and asynchronous is used the background process service invocation request.Subprocess 1 as shown in Figure 4, concrete steps comprise: the client end interface integrated framework reads the interface display requirement description, resolve to describe content, form inforamtion tree, comprise the title, initial attribute of interface display service in the tree node, initially show the information such as data, alternative events, operation;

2. client end interface integrated framework circular recursion travels through inforamtion tree;

3. the client end interface integrated framework is according to the interface display service name information that comprises in the tree node, and the dynamic load respective interface shows service, and creates respective interface demonstration Service Instance;

4. if this locality does not exist respective interface to show service, the service end background service framework that the client end interface integrated framework distributes on the network sends interface display service download request, and the service of dynamic download interface display is also integrated;

5. the client end interface integrated framework calls interface display Service Instance unserializing interface, and the various information that comprises in the node is reduced;

6. if this interface display Service Instance comprises sub-interface display Service Instance, the client end interface integrated framework is according to the interface display service name information that comprises in the tree node, the service of dynamic load interface display, create sub-interface display Service Instance, and will manage in the newly-built example adding father interface display Service Instance;

7. the recurrence traversal finishes, and includes the interface display Service Instance tabulation of in interface display Service Instance and manages;

8. client end interface integrated framework recycle recurrence travels through all interface display Service Instances;

9. call demonstration and create interface, according to layout information, in his father's interface display Service Instance display window, create corresponding the demonstration;

10. recurrence finishes, and generates user's display interface;

11. in the interface display process, when the user carries out interactive operation to the interface, the user interactions input is monitored/received to the client end interface integrated framework, according to event type, and current triggering object, be distributed to layer by layer respective interface by containment relationship and show Service Instance, and call the event handling interface, carry out respective handling and dynamically update demonstration; When needs and service end are carried out when mutual, monitoring/the reception of client end interface integrated framework comes the display update data between automatic network or the interface display Service Instance, according to the reception object information that comprises, Data dissemination is shown Service Instance to respective interface, and the calling data updating interface, process and dynamic display updating;

12. in the interface display process, according to mutual needs, the client end interface integrated framework is at first searched the interface display Service Instance according to interface display Service Instance title or ID, then call the instance properties management interface, realize attribute access is operated according to Property Name or ID, the call method management interface according to method name and parameter information, is realized calling the method interface; According to address, interface name, method name and the parameter information of using the background process service, the client end interface integrated framework is delivered to corresponding service end background service framework with information package, realization is to using calling of background process service, if synchronization call, then carry out synchro control in the synchronization call interface, the complete ability of wait interface interchange returns to result specifically to be called; If asynchronous call, do not wait for then that interface is disposed directly to return, then when result is returned, by interface display Service Instance Data Update interface, result returned to specifically call.

Service end background service framework customer in response end interface integrated framework request flow process in the steps d, such as Fig. 5, service end background service framework comprise management to the interface display service library, interface display description document management, use the background process service scheduling and with the communication of client, service end background service framework provides interface display service download request to process and interface display is described two background process services of download request processing, and concrete steps are as follows:

1. the client end interface integrated framework shows with user interface that application background process service interface, method and the parameter information sequence that need to call turn to and calls the text formatting string; To call the text formatting string by Internet Transmission and be delivered to service end;

2. service end background service framework calls the text formatting string according to what receive, is deserialized as interface interchange information;

3. service end background service framework, the mapping relations between processing according to interface interchange information and practical application, the service of load application background process, and be converted into calling the actual treatment function;

4. service end background service framework turns to the result sequence and calls as a result returned text string, and passes the client end interface integrated framework back by Internet Transmission;

5. the client end interface integrated framework receives and calls result text string and unserializing, and the unserializing result is passed to concrete interface display service, shows final process result by the interface display service.

Adopt the intelligent interface dynamic generating system of the network-oriented of above step realization, when user's demonstration demand changes, need not to revise code, only need to make amendment to interface display requirement description file, illustrating needs integrated new interface display service, and the interface integrated framework is according to the new new display interface of interface display requirement description file generated; When the user wishes to adjust the interface display style, under the on-line execute state, can adjust by the mode that pulls layout and the style of display interface; When the interface display of integrated other display interface of needs is served, can pass through the network inquiry mode, download required interface display service from the different service nodes that network distributes, by intelligent connecting, combination, generate fast new integrated display interface.

The present invention can be applicable to computer software interface development, integrated and demonstration field, also can be applicable to system software interface modeling field, thereby can Effective Raise software interface integration capability, reduce software interface exploitation, maintenance workload, have good dirigibility, allow dynamically to adjust the software display interface by revising the interface display requirement description; For interface development personnel, interface personnel, final user provide the tenability of different levels, it has a extensive future, and can create considerable Social benefit and economic benefit.

The invention provides a kind of thinking and method of intelligent software interface dynamic generation method of network-oriented; method and the approach of this technical scheme of specific implementation are a lot; the above only is preferred implementation of the present invention; should be understood that; for those skilled in the art; under the prerequisite that does not break away from the principle of the invention, can also make some improvements and modifications, these improvements and modifications also should be considered as protection scope of the present invention.In the present embodiment not clear and definite each ingredient all available prior art realized.

Claims (5)

1. the intelligent software interface dynamic generation method of a network-oriented is characterized in that, may further comprise the steps:
Interface display service regulation and development procedure, described interface display service refers to satisfy user interface display requirement, reusable module, this module satisfies the eight class interface requirements that the interface display service regulation is determined, the client end interface integrated framework passes through the combination of interface display service and integrated is formed user's display interface; The interface display service regulation is that development interface shows that service loads and integrated foundation to interface display for service and client end interface integrated framework; According to the service of interface display service regulation establishment interface display, with this interface display service arrangement a certain service end node on network, carry out the interface display Service Source and share, and the multi-client dynamic download that distributes on the network enabled and integrated;
Eight class interfaces that interface display service regulation described in interface display service regulation and the development procedure is determined are:
The service metadata management interface is used for the client end interface integrated framework to the management of interface display Service Instance attribute, method and event information;
The service lifecycle management interface is used for the establishment of client end interface integrated framework, initialization and destruction interface display Service Instance;
The method of servicing dispatch interface is used for the client end interface integrated framework and carries out calling the inner customizing method of interface display Service Instance;
Information on services serializing and unserializing interface are used for the client end interface integrated framework by serializing and unserializing, attribute, method, event and the data message of Save and restore interface Service Instance;
Service name management interface is used for the client end interface integrated framework to interface display service name, ID, class name and type information management;
The service script executive's interface is used for the client end interface integrated framework and carries out calling the custom script method of interface display Service Instance;
Interface is upgraded, obtained to service data, is used for the client end interface integrated framework by upgrading and obtaining, and imports into and derive interface display Service Instance related data information;
The service container management interface, what be used for sub-interface display Service Instance that the client end interface integrated framework comprises the interface display Service Instance obtains, adds and delete management;
Interface display requirement description step according to interface display requirement description standard, is used the interface display requirement description language, carries out the description of software display interface; By text editor or visualization interface edit tool, generate the interface display requirement description file of interface display requirement description standard, this document is described interface display service, service relation and the layout information each other that the software display interface comprises; If the interface display changes in demand occurs, interface display requirement description file is made amendment; At last this interface display requirement description Documents Department is deployed in a certain service end node on the network, carries out the resource sharing of interface display requirement description, and the multi-client dynamic download that distributes on network enabled use and integrated;
Using background process service regulation and development procedure, use the background process service and refer to and can be called by the user interface demonstration, is the module of multi-client service, and this module satisfies uses the two class interface requirements that the background process service regulation is determined; By to using calling of background process service, realize that software interface shows mutual and data are processed; Using the background process service regulation is the foundation that the service of Application and Development background process and service end background service framework load, application background process integrated and scheduling is served; According to using the service of the concrete application of background process service regulation establishment background process, should use background process service arrangement a certain service end node on network, carrying out the background process Service Source shares, and the multi-client that distributes on the network enabled calls separately or concurrent invocation, finishes the processing to concrete business function;
Using two definite class interfaces of the background process service regulation of application described in background process service regulation and the development procedure is:
The service lifecycle management interface is used for the establishment of service end background service framework, initialization and destruction and uses the background process Service Instance;
Method of servicing information management interface is managed, is called the application background process for service end background service framework and serves self-defined disposal route;
Display interface dynamically generates step, comprise that the client end interface integrated framework reads interface display requirement description and two subprocess of service end background service framework customer in response end interface integrated framework request: described client end interface integrated framework reads the interface display requirement description, the required interface display service of combination dynamically generates display interface after resolving; If local the demonstration without respective interface serves, satisfactory interface display service be searched for, be downloaded to the client end interface integrated framework will from each service node that network distributes automatically according to the interface display service name; The interface integrated framework request of described service end background service framework customer in response end, dynamically submit to required interface display to describe or the interface display service, the client end interface integrated framework receives interface display requirement description or the interface display service that service end background service framework returns, and dynamic load; The mutual request that described service end background service framework shows according to user interface, the background process service is used in dynamic call, and the result is returned to the client end interface integrated framework; Each synchronous and asynchronous call request that the multi-client that distributes on the service end background service framework network enabled is continuous, concurrent.
2. the intelligent software interface dynamic generation method of a kind of network-oriented according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described interface display requirement description language, the intelligence generation of support interface display and the level of interface display requirement description, tree-shaped, extendible text label language, to the demonstration of interface software, alternately control and data three large key elements provide a description respectively support, it comprises six speech like sound labels, comprising:
The display element type label is used for describing the type information that shows employed interface display service;
The attribute description label is used for describing the attribute information that the interface display Service Instance comprises;
The data description label is used for describing the interface display service and shows required demonstration data message;
Method is described label, is used for describing the User Defined script method;
Dynamically show the resource type label, being used for its display element that comprises of sign is dynamic resource, and this resource is according to the interface display requirements of process, by client end interface integrated framework dynamic load and integrated demonstration;
Correlating event is processed and is described label, is used for describing interface display service interaction action event response script.
3. the intelligent software interface dynamic generation method of a kind of network-oriented according to claim 2, it is characterized in that, described interface display requirement description step median surface shows that the requirement description standard comprises following key element: go out all interface display service names that interface display need to be used by interface display element type label column, describe interface display service association attributes by the attribute description label, comprise that the interface display service provides attribute and Custom Attributes information; The corresponding interface display Service Instance of interface display element is the basic composition of interface display; An interface display Service Instance uses a display element type label, it is the essential information node of interface display service describing, be called the interface display node element, it comprises the sub-information node about attribute description, data description, method description and event description; By the level between the interface display node element, tree-shaped relational structure describe between the interface display Service Instance side by side, comprise or containment relationship; By the attribute description label interface display Service Instance layout information is described; By the data description label content or the data resource address information that the interface display Service Instance need to show described; Process the interactive action event response script that the description label is described the interface display Service Instance by correlating event; Label is described and the event description label column goes out all method names and the parameter that the interface display service need to be called by method.
4. the intelligent software interface dynamic generation method of a kind of network-oriented according to claim 1 is characterized in that, described client end interface integrated framework reads interface display requirement description subprocess and may further comprise the steps:
The client end interface integrated framework reads the interface display requirement description, resolve to describe content, forms inforamtion tree, comprises the title, initial attribute of interface display service in the tree node, initially shows data, alternative events, operation information;
Client end interface integrated framework circular recursion traversal inforamtion tree;
The client end interface integrated framework is according to the interface display service name information that comprises in the tree node, and the dynamic load respective interface shows service, and creates respective interface demonstration Service Instance;
If this locality does not exist respective interface to show service, the client end interface integrated framework then sends interface display service download request by the service end background service framework that distributes on network, and the service of dynamic download interface display is also integrated;
The client end interface integrated framework calls interface display Service Instance unserializing interface, and the information that comprises in the node is reduced;
If this interface display Service Instance comprises sub-interface display Service Instance, the client end interface integrated framework is according to the interface display service name information that comprises in the tree node, the service of dynamic load interface display, and create sub-interface display Service Instance, and will manage in the newly-built example adding father interface display Service Instance;
The recurrence traversal finishes, and includes the interface display Service Instance tabulation of in interface display Service Instance and manages;
Client end interface integrated framework recycle recurrence travels through all interface display Service Instances;
Call demonstration and create interface, according to layout information, in his father's interface display Service Instance display window, create corresponding the demonstration;
Recurrence finishes, and generates display interface;
In the interface display process, when interactive operation is carried out at the interface, mutual input is monitored or received to the client end interface integrated framework, according to event type, and current triggering object, be distributed to layer by layer respective interface by containment relationship and show Service Instance, and call the event handling interface, carry out respective handling and dynamically update demonstration; When needs and service end are carried out when mutual, the monitoring of client end interface integrated framework or reception come the display update data between automatic network or the interface display Service Instance, according to the reception object information that comprises, Data dissemination is shown Service Instance to respective interface, and the calling data updating interface, process and dynamic display updating;
In the interface display process, according to mutual needs, the client end interface integrated framework is at first searched the interface display Service Instance according to interface display Service Instance title or ID, then calls the instance properties management interface, realizes attribute access is operated according to Property Name or ID; The call method management interface is realized calling the method interface according to method name and parameter information; According to the address of using the background process service, interface name, method name and parameter information, the client end interface integrated framework is delivered to respective service end background service framework with information package, realization is to using calling of background process service interface method, if synchronization call, then in the synchronization call interface, carry out synchro control, the complete ability of wait interface interchange returns to result specifically to be called, if asynchronous call, do not wait for then that interface is disposed and directly return, then when result is returned, by interface display Service Instance Data Update interface, result returned to specifically call.
5. according to claim 1 or the intelligent software interface dynamic generation method of 4 described a kind of network-orienteds, it is characterized in that described service end background service framework customer in response end interface integrated framework request subprocess may further comprise the steps:
Application background process service interface, method and parameter information sequence that described client end interface integrated framework need to call interface display turn to calls the text formatting string, will call the text formatting string by Internet Transmission and be delivered to service end;
Described service end background service framework calls the text formatting string according to what receive, is deserialized as interface interchange information;
Described service end background service framework, according to the mapping relations between interface interchange information and the practical application processing, the service of load application background process, and be converted into calling the actual treatment function;
Described service end background service framework turns to the result sequence and calls as a result returned text string, and passes the client end interface integrated framework back by Internet Transmission;
Described client end interface integrated framework receives and calls result text string and unserializing, and the unserializing result is passed to concrete interface display service, shows final process result by the interface display service.
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