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Device for debonding and cleaning fish oosperm

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Publication number
CN101692797A
CN101692797A CN 200910197296 CN200910197296A CN101692797A CN 101692797 A CN101692797 A CN 101692797A CN 200910197296 CN200910197296 CN 200910197296 CN 200910197296 A CN200910197296 A CN 200910197296A CN 101692797 A CN101692797 A CN 101692797A
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CN
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provided
trough
debonding
oosperm
pipe
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CN 200910197296
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Chinese (zh)
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CN101692797B (en )
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吴凡
王健
郁蔚文
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中国水产科学研究院渔业机械仪器研究所;
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    • Y02A40/81

Abstract

The invention relates to a device for debonding and cleaning fish oosperm. The device for debonding and cleaning fish oosperm is characterized in that a debonding agent trough (19) is provided with a water inlet pipe (18); the bottom of the debonding agent trough (19) is provided with a discharging agent pipe (14) and an aerator (15); the bottom of the debonding and cleaning trough (19) is provided with a material discharging pipe (4) and an aeration ring (3); the upper edge of the debonding and cleaning trough (19) is provided with a screen ring (20) and the periphery thereof is provided with an overflow ring trough (22); the bottom of the overflow ring trough (22) is provided with a water inlet pipe (2); the upper opening of the screen ring (20) is provided with a oosperm inlet (21); an oosperm collecting internal trough (7) is provided with an arc-shaped bottom; the upper periphery is provided with a screen (5); an oosperm collecting external trough (6) is a provided with a conical bottom (10), the center of which is connected with a drainage pipe (11); a sieve pore shelf (9) is provided with the aeration ring pipe (8); and the discharging agent pipe (14) of the debonding agent trough (19) is connected with the debonding and cleaning trough (1) at high attitude by a water pump (13), and the lower part thereof is connected with the upper opening of the oosperm collecting trough by the material discharging pipe (4). In the invention, standardization of the debonding and cleaning procedure of the oosperm can be ensured, the automation can be realized, the damage rate of the oosperm can be reduced, the labor intensity can be decreased and the water can be saved.

Description

鱼类受精卵脱粘清洗装备 Fish eggs debonding cleaning equipment

(一) 技术领域 (A) Technical Field

[0001] 本发明涉及鱼类受精卵孵化的装置设备,特别是涉及便于采用自动化控制的一种 [0001] The present invention relates to fish hatching equipment device, and particularly to facilitate the use of an automated control

鱼类粘性受精卵进行脱粘清洗的装置设备。 Fish eggs apparatus for viscous cleaning apparatus debonding.

(二) 背景技术 (B) Background Art

[0002] 鱼类受精卵孵化是整个繁殖工作中最重要的环节之一,必须根据影响胚胎发育的环境条件选择适当的孵化方法,人工调控孵化环境,精心管理,保证胚胎能够正常发育,才能达到提高孵化率与出苗率的目的。 [0002] Fish hatching throughout the breeding work is one of the most important part, you must select the appropriate incubation method according to the environmental conditions that affect embryonic development, regulation of artificial incubation environment, carefully managed to ensure the normal development of the embryo in order to achieve the purpose of improving the germination rate and hatching rate.

[0003] 相当品种鱼类的受精卵为粘性卵,人工采卵授精取得的粘性受精卵,如要进行孵化缸、孵化环道流水孵化,提高孵化率,必须先经脱粘处理,具体脱粘方法如下:一种为泥浆脱粘法,先将黄泥晒干磨成粉,使用时将黄泥粉与水混合成泥浆水,用80目筛网过滤后,人工用手不停地搅动泥浆水,并将受精卵慢慢倒入不断搅动的泥浆水中脱粘。 [0003] considerable variety of fish fertilized egg viscous, artificial insemination ovum obtained viscous fertilized eggs to hatch as a cylinder, a ring channel hatching water incubation, hatching rate increase, must be treated by debonding, particularly debonding a method as follows: a method of debonding slurry, dried and ground into powder first Wong, Wong use mixing flour with water into a slurry of water, filtered with a 80 mesh screen, the artificial hand stirring constantly mud water, stirring constantly and slowly pour eggs muddy water debonding. 连续搅动泥浆水十几分钟,然后将泥浆水连同受精卵一起放在筛网上滤去泥浆,筛出鱼卵,用清水清洗干净受精卵,计数后放入孵化器中孵化。 Ten minutes with continuous agitation muddy water, the muddy water together with eggs and placed on a screen with the slurry was filtered off, sieved eggs, fertilized eggs cleaned with water, after incubation are counted into the incubator. 另一种为滑石粉脱粘法,用滑石粉加食盐溶于水中制成悬浮液,然后将受精卵慢慢倒入,不断搅拌滑石粉悬浮液,约10多分钟后即可达到脱粘效果,如果一次脱粘效果不理想,可再重复做一次。 Another method debonding talc, talc add salt dissolved in water to prepare a suspension, and then slowly poured into the fertilized egg, the talc suspension is stirred continuously, can achieve the effect of debonding after about 10 minutes If a debonding effect is not ideal, can be repeated once again.

[0004] 现在水产品苗种生产中,人工受精的过程是全手工操作的,其中包括粘性受精卵的脱粘、清洗工序。 [0004] Now aquatic seed production, the process of artificial insemination is hand operated, which includes an adhesive debonding of fertilized eggs, the cleaning step. 主要存在的问题是:①脱粘剂均匀度不稳定(脱粘剂为悬浮液);②手工脱粘不均匀、不彻底,③受精卵易受人为感染和污染;④清洗不彻底、清洁度仅凭经验; ⑤人工操作劳动强度大,操作不规范不标准,产量低效率低;⑥无法进行计算机自动控制, 无法规范操作,无法进一步提高工作效率。 The main problems are: ① debonder uniformity unstable (debonders is a suspension); ② uneven debinding hand, is not complete, the susceptible human fertilized egg ③ infection and contamination; ④ not thoroughly cleaned, cleanliness a rule of thumb; ⑤ manual labor-intensive, non-standard operations are not standardized, inefficient production rate; ⑥ not be automatic computer control, can not regulate the operation, not to further improve work efficiency.

(三) 发明内容 (Iii) Disclosure of the Invention

[0005] 本发明的目的是要提供一种结构简单,标准化、可以方便实现自动化,脱粘、清洗的强度和时间便于控制,暴气式水体搅拌系统的搅拌时间和强度可控,操作简单、安全可靠的鱼类受精卵脱粘清洗装备。 [0005] The object of the present invention is to provide a simple, standardized, can be easily automated, debonding, and the cleaning time easy to control the strength, water boldness of formula stirring system controllable intensity and mixing time, simple operation, safe and reliable fish eggs debonding cleaning equipment.

[0006] 本发明的目的是由以下技术方案提供和实现。 [0006] The object of the present invention is to provide and implemented by the following technical solutions.

[0007] 鱼类受精卵脱粘清洗装备,其特征在于:所述装备包括脱粘剂槽、脱粘清洗槽和集卵槽三大部分; [0007] Fish eggs debonding cleaning equipment, wherein: said groove arrangement comprises a debonding agents, debonding egg collection tank cleaning tank and three parts;

[0008] 所述脱粘剂槽为一上口敞开的筒体或箱体,上方设置进水管,底部设有排放口、排剂管和暴气器; [0008] The release agent is a catchy groove open cylinder or housing, disposed above the inlet pipe is provided with a bottom discharge opening, the discharge tube and the boldness of an agent;

[0009] 所述脱粘清洗槽呈圆底锅状或圆锥底锅状,脱粘清洗槽底部中央设置出料管,并架空水平设置一暴气环,在脱粘清洗槽的上沿口安装一个底圆直径和脱粘清洗槽的上沿口相同的锥形筛网环,在筛网环的外周边为一圈溢流环槽,溢流环槽的底部开设进出水管,锥形筛网环的上口为受精卵放入口; [0009] The cleaning bath debonded circular conical bottom end of the pot-shaped or cup-shaped, bottom center cleaning tank disposed debonding outlet tube, and a sharp overhead gas ring disposed horizontally, is mounted on the bead in the cleaning tank debinding a bottom diameter and debonding cleaning tank in the same mesh opening conical ring, the outer periphery of the screen as a circle ring overflow annular groove, open out of the overflow pipe at the bottom of the annular groove, a conical screen catchy fertilized eggs into the mouth ring;

[0010] 所述集卵槽为集卵内槽和集卵外槽双层结构,集卵内槽具有圆弧形平底,上部周边为网筛;集卵外槽为锥形底,锥形底中心连接排水管,在锥形口设置筛孔搁板,在筛孔搁板上设置暴气环管,集卵内槽搁置在集卵外槽锥形口的筛孔搁板上; [0010] The egg collection groove is a groove and the current collector egg egg outer tub bilayer structure, the egg collection having arcuate flat groove, the periphery of the upper mesh screen; egg collection groove is a tapered outer end, the tapered bottom central drain connection, provided in the tapered opening mesh shelves, boldness collar disposed on a mesh shelf, groove set eggs shelf rests on a mesh outer current collector eggs tapered slot opening;

[0011] 脱粘剂槽的排剂管由水泵连接至位于高位的脱粘清洗槽,脱粘清洗槽的下部由出料管连接至集卵槽的上口。 [0011] debonder agent tank discharge pipe is connected by a pump to the debonding of the cleaning tank located in the upper, the lower portion of the washing tank debonding from the discharge pipe is connected to the upper opening groove set eggs.

[0012] 进一步,所述网筛和筛网环的孔径为60至80目。 [0012] Further, the mesh and the mesh aperture ring is 60 to 80 mesh.

[0013] 进一步,所述脱粘清洗槽底面架空1厘米高度设置一暴气环;所述脱粘剂槽底部 [0013] Further, the bottom surface of the overhead cleaning debonding height 1 cm provided with a boldness ring; off the bottom of the groove agent

以均布方式设置暴气器;所述集卵外槽锥形底上搁置的筛孔搁板为冲孔搁板。 In a uniform manner boldness; said set resting on the outer conical bottom groove egg is punched mesh shelf shelf.

[0014] 进一步,所述脱粘剂槽、脱粘清洗槽和集卵槽之间由管路和阀门进行连接和和接 [0014] Further, the groove debonding agents, debonding between the cleaning tank and egg collection tank is connected by pipes and valves and the ground, and

通、关闭。 Pass, closed.

[0015] 进一步,所述脱粘剂槽、脱粘清洗槽和集卵槽之间由管路和阀门进行连接,所述阀门为电磁阀,由计算机按规定的时间和次序开启和关闭各电磁阀。 [0015] Further, the groove debonding agents, debonding between the cleaning tank and egg collection tank connected by piping and a valve is a solenoid valve, in chronological order, and a predetermined opening and closing of the solenoid by a computer valve. [0016] 关于鱼类受精卵脱粘清洗装备的使用方法: [0016] on fish eggs detackification cleaned using the method and equipment:

[0017] ①在脱粘剂槽中定量进水和配制脱粘剂液并启动底部暴气器,使悬浮状脱粘剂液均匀; [0017] ① in water quantitative vessel and debonder formulation debonder solution and start the bottom of the scrubber storm, the suspension was uniformly shaped debonder;

[0018] ②启动水泵,定量将脱粘剂槽内的脱粘剂从底部出料管送入脱粘清洗槽,同时打开脱粘清洗槽底部暴气环暴气,调节并锁定暴气量,将待脱粘的鱼类受精卵从受精卵放入口定量放入脱粘清洗槽内,进行定时脱粘程序; [0018] ② start the pump, the quantitative debonders debonder vessel from the bottom of the tube into the cleaning tank debinding, debinding cleaning tank while opening the boldness of the bottom ring boldness, violent gas adjusted and locked, the debonding fish eggs to be debonded from the fertilized egg into the mouth program debonding quantitatively into the cleaning tank, the timing;

[0019] ③脱粘程序结束进入定时清洗程序,关闭脱粘清洗槽底部暴气环,同时从脱粘清洗槽底部的出料管送入清水,使鱼类受精卵在清洁流水中反复清洗,多余的水通过粘清洗槽上口的筛网环溢出,溢出的水经外圈溢流环槽由进出水管排出,受精卵被挡在筛网环内; [0019] ③ debonding regular cleaning program enters the routine ends, the bottom of the washing tank close debonding boldness ring, while the bottom of the cleaning tank from the discharge tube into the debonding water, for fish eggs repeated washing in running water cleaning, excess water cleaning bath by adhesive catchy ring sieve overflow, the overflow of the water through the outer annular groove is discharged out of the pipe from the fertilized egg is blocked in the screen loop;

[0020] ④在定时清洗程序进行过程中,定量注入清水至集卵槽并打开集卵槽暴气环管暴 [0020] ④ in the timing of the washing program is in progress, the quantitative collection of eggs into the water tank and to open the set eggs storm collar groove boldness

气,定量将经清洗的受精卵与水由脱粘清洗槽的下部出料管送至集卵槽的上口,进入集卵 Gas, the zygote Quantification cleaned with water from the lower tank cleaning debonding discharge pipe to the upper opening groove set eggs into the egg collection

内槽,打开底部的排水管,周边的暴气将受精卵集中在集卵内槽的中央,保证受精卵不被水 Groove, the bottom of the drain opening, the periphery of the boldness fertilized eggs current concentrated at the center of the groove, to ensure that water will not be fertilized egg

流挤在集卵内槽的周壁,水经集卵内槽周边网筛滤出,由底部的排水管排出; Ovo squeeze flow collector tank circumferential wall, the water tank was set in ovo surrounding mesh screen was filtered off, the drain discharged from the bottom;

[0021] ⑤最终,经脱粘清洗的鱼类受精卵集中存放在集卵内槽圆弧形平底部。 [0021] ⑤ Finally, the cleaned fish by debonding fertilized eggs stored centrally at the bottom of the groove circular arc current level.

[0022] 进一步,在清洗程序完毕,清水从溢流环的进出水管送入,逆向对脱粘清洗槽内壁 [0022] Further, in the cleaning process has been completed, water is fed out from the overflow pipe loop, the reverse inner wall of the cleaning tank debonding

进行冲洗,并由脱粘清洗槽下部出料管送至集卵内槽。 Rinsing by debonding washing tank discharge pipe to the lower portion of the egg collector groove.

[0023] 进一步,所述待脱粘的鱼类受精卵在脱粘清洗槽1内脱粘时间为3分钟至15分钟,暴气环3的暴气量为至水流呈微沸状;所述待脱粘的鱼类受精卵在脱粘清洗槽内清洗时间为5分钟至10分钟,暴气环3的暴气量为零,冲洗水流呈微沸状。 [0023] Further, the debonded fish eggs to be critical in the washing tank air debinding debinding time is 3-15 minutes 1, boldness ring 3 is to boil water as a shape; said to be fish eggs in debonding debonding cleaning tank cleaning time is 5-10 minutes, boldness violent gas ring 3 is zero, the flushing water flow was slightly boiling shape.

[0024] 本发明鱼类受精卵脱粘清洗装备,除脱粘剂槽可为聚乙烯、聚丙烯、聚氯乙烯等塑料注塑定制或购置标准制品外,其余可为304或316不锈钢标准板材加工制造;连接管路为国标PVC或ABS管材及相应部件;泵可采用变频离心式管道泵、流量及扬程和设备容量相匹配,设备操作过程可由计算机自动控制。 [0024] The present invention is fish eggs debonding cleaning equipment, in addition to the groove debonders may be polyethylene, polypropylene, polyvinyl chloride, or the acquisition of standard plastic injection custom products, the rest may be a standard 304 or 316 stainless steel plate processing manufacturing; GB connecting line is PVC or ABS pipes and the corresponding member; centrifugal pump pipeline pump frequency can be used, and the flow and lift equipment capacity matches during device operation by computer control.

[0025] 本专利为解决现有技术中存在的缺点或不足之处所采取的技术手段: [0025] This patent premises in order to solve the shortcomings or deficiencies in the prior art of technical means:

[0026] ①暴气式水体搅拌系统解决了悬浮状脱粘剂均匀度的不稳定; [0026] ① boldness of formula stirred water solution of a suspension system off the instability of uniformity agent;

[0027] ②暴气式水体搅拌系统暴气时间、强度的可控以及对流态的最佳调节,解决了手 [0027] ② boldness of water was stirred formula boldness time system, optimal adjustment of a controllable intensity and a convection state, the hand solved

工脱粘不均匀、不彻底、受精卵易受人为感染和污染等问题;[0028] ③受精卵的清洗工艺采用底部中央进水以及对进水流速、流量、流态及清洗时间的调节控制,解决了清洗程度的规范控制和有效降低了受精卵破损率; Workers debonding uneven, is not complete, the susceptible human fertilized egg and infection pollution problems; [0028] ③ fertilized bottom center cleaning process uses water as well as inlet flow rate, the flow rate regulation control, time and cleaning flow regime , cleaning solution and degree of authority control effectively reduces the fertilized egg breakage rate;

[0029] ④逆向从受精卵脱粘、脱粘清洗槽上口的周围环状环溢流环槽的进排水口进水、经不锈钢筛网环入脱粘清洗槽周壁以冲洗残留壁上的受精卵进入集卵槽的技术手段解决了目前人工操作中受精卵的人为浪费现象; [0029] ④ reverse debonded from the fertilized egg, into the outlet debonding water washing tank around the mouth of the overflow annular groove an annular ring, the stainless steel mesh into the ring peripheral walls debonding cleaning tank to flush residual wall fertilized egg into the technical means of collection trough solve human waste in the current manual operation of fertilized eggs;

[0030] 定量预进水至集卵外槽并在集卵外槽及集卵内槽间设置环状暴气环管暴气,可调节并锁定暴气量使水体呈轻沸状技术,解决了人工集卵过程中受精卵的贴壁挤压、破损的问题。 [0030] Quantitative water to pre-set the eggs and an annular outer groove boldness boldness loop between the current collector and the outer tank eggs in ovo groove can be adjusted and locked violent gas low-boiling substantially water-like technology to solve set eggs fertilized during artificial adherent extrusion, breakage problems.

[0031 ] 本发明的优越性和有益效果: [0031] The advantages and benefits of the present invention:

[0032] ①实现了人工受精的过程中粘性受精卵脱粘、清洗工序的规范化、标准化,可以实现自动化控制; [0032] ① a process of artificial insemination to achieve viscous fertilized debonding standardized washing step, standardized, automated control may be implemented;

[0033] ②暴气式水体搅拌系统解决了悬浮状脱粘剂均匀度的不稳定; [0033] ② boldness of formula stirred water solution of a suspension system off the instability of uniformity agent;

[0034] ③暴气式水体搅拌系统暴气时间、强度的可控以及对流态的最佳调节,解决了手工脱粘不均匀、不彻底、受精卵易受人为感染和污染等问题; [0034] ③ boldness of water was stirred formula boldness time system, optimal adjustment of a controllable intensity and a convection state, to solve the uneven debinding hand, is not complete, the fertilized egg and infection of the susceptible human pollution problems;

[0035] ④受精卵的清洗工艺采用底部中央进水以及对进水流速、流量及清洗时间的调节控制,可规范清洗程度和降低受精卵的破损率; [0035] ④ fertilized bottom center cleaning process uses water as well as water flow, flow control regulation and cleaning time, and reduce can regulate the degree of cleaning of the fertilized egg breakage rate;

[0036] ⑤逆向从受精卵脱粘、脱粘清洗槽上口的周围环状环溢流环槽的进排水口进水、 [0036] ⑤ reverse debonded from the fertilized egg, into the outlet debonding water washing tank around the mouth of the overflow annular groove an annular ring,

经不锈钢筛网环入脱粘清洗槽周壁以冲洗残留壁上的受精卵进入集卵槽的技术手段解决 Through a stainless steel mesh into the ring peripheral walls debonding cleaning tank to flush residual wall into the fertilized egg collection groove Means for Solving

了目前人工操作中受精卵的人为浪费现象; The current manual operation fertilized human waste;

[0037] ⑥解决人工操作劳动强度大、节水等问题。 [0037] ⑥ solve large manual labor intensity, water and other issues.

[0038] 到2010年底,上海尚有5万余亩老旧养殖池塘需要进行标准化改造。 [0038] By the end of 2010, there are 50,000 acres of old Shanghai ponds need to be standardized transformation. 国家农业部在2009年初提出"力争在十二五末完成2000万亩中低产池塘标准化改造"的目标,全国各类水产品良种场的改造也位列其中。 Ministry of Agriculture in early 2009 that "strive to be completed in 2000 acres of low-yielding standardization of the pond at the end of the second five" goal, the transformation of the various types of aquatic breeding farm is also among them. 本专利的创新点在未来的全国各类水产品良种场的改造必将直接带来或必然产生最直接的技术效果。 The innovation of this patent will bring direct or consequential most direct technical effect in the future transformation of the various types of aquatic breeding farm.

(四) 附图说明 (Iv) Brief Description of Drawings

[0039] 图1为本发明鱼类受精卵脱粘清洗装备的一种实施方式的结构配置简图;[0040] 图2为本发明鱼类受精卵脱粘清洗装备使用方法的一种实施例的操作流程简图。 An embodiment of a cleaning equipment fish eggs debonding methods of use [0040] of the present invention, FIG. 2; zygote debonded structure configuration diagram of an embodiment of the cleaning equipment of the [0039] present invention. FIG. 1 fish the operation flow diagram. [0041] 图中:1是脱粘剂槽,2是进出水管,3是暴气环,4是出料管,5是网筛,6是集卵外槽,7是集卵内槽,8是暴气环管,9是筛孔搁板,10是锥形底,11是排水管,12是管路,13是水泵,14是排剂管,15是暴气器,16是排放口, 17是阀门,18是进水管,19是脱粘剂槽,20是筛网环,21是受精卵放入口, 22是溢流环槽。 [0041] FIG: 1 is a debonder tank, is out of the pipe 2, 3 is violent gas ring, the discharge tube is 4, 5 is a mesh, the outer groove 6 is set egg, the egg is a groove 7, 8 binge gas loop, the shelf 9 is a mesh, a conical bottom 10, a drain 11, a conduit 12, a pump 13, a discharge refrigerant pipe 14, 15 is boldness, a discharge port 16, 17 is a valve inlet 18, the groove 19 is debonding agents, is a screen ring 20, the fertilized egg is placed in the mouth 21, the overflow annular groove 22.

(五) 具体实施方式 (E) Detailed Description

[0042] 以下结合附图进一步详细说明本发明的方法和设备结构。 [0042] The method and apparatus described in further detail structures of the present invention is conjunction with the drawings.

[0043] 在异育银鲫良种孵化场苗种生产中鱼类受精卵脱粘清洗装备的使用。 [0043] In different carp breeding fish hatchery fertilized seed production debonding cleaned using the equipment.

[0044] —种鱼类受精卵脱粘清洗装备,所述装备包括脱粘剂槽19、脱粘清洗槽1和集卵 [0044] - species of fish eggs debonding cleaning equipment, said equipment comprising a release agent tank 19, washing tub 1 and debonding set eggs

槽三大部分; Slot three parts;

[0045] 所述脱粘剂槽19为一上口敞开的筒体或箱体,上方设置进水管18,底部设有排放口16、排剂管14和暴气器15; [0045] The release agent is a catchy groove 19 open cylinder or housing, disposed above the inlet pipe 18, a bottom provided with a discharge port 16, discharge pipe 14 and the boldness agent 15;

[0046] 所述脱粘清洗槽19呈圆底锅或圆锥底锅状,脱粘清洗槽19底部中央设置出料管4,并架空水平设置一暴气环3,在脱粘清洗槽19的上沿口安装一个底圆直径和脱粘清洗槽19的上沿口相同的锥形筛网环20,在筛网环20的外周边为一圈溢流环槽22,溢流环槽22的底部开设进出水管2,锥形筛网环20的上口为受精卵放入口21 ;当脱粘清洗槽19内水多出来时,可以从上方溢入溢流环槽22,从底部开设进出水管2排出,而受精卵被上方筛网环20挡在里面。 [0046] The cleaning bath 19 debonded circular conical bottom end of the pot or cup-shaped, central cleaning debonding groove bottom portion 19 is provided a discharge pipe 4, and provided with a sharp horizontal overhead gas ring 3, a cleaning tank 19 in the debonding the bead mounted on a bottom circle diameter of the cleaning tank 19 and debonding of the mouth ring 20 is tapered in the same screen, the screen ring 20 on the outer periphery of a circle overflow annular groove 22, annular groove 22 of the overflow 2 defines the bottom of the upper opening out of the pipe, the tapered ring 20 of the screen opening 21 into the fertilized egg; when debonding the cleaning bath 19 when the extra water can overflow into the overflow annular groove 22 from above, from the bottom up and out discharge pipe 2, and the fertilized egg is above the stopper ring 20 inside the screen.

[0047] 所述集卵槽为集卵内槽7和集卵外槽6双层结构,集卵内槽7具有圆弧形平底,上部周边为网筛5 ;集卵外槽6为锥形底IO,锥形底10中心连接排水管ll,在锥形口设置筛孔搁板9,在筛孔搁板9上设置暴气环管8,集卵内槽7搁置在集卵外槽6锥形口的筛孔搁板9上; [0047] The egg collection groove is a groove 7 and the egg collector current egg-layer structure outside the grooves 6, 7 having a set ovo arcuate flat groove, the upper periphery of the mesh 5; egg collector is conical outer groove 6 end of the IO, the tapered bottom 10 connected to the central drain ll, mesh shelves 9 disposed in the tapered opening, boldness collar 8 is provided on the mesh shelves 9, the groove 7 rests set eggs in the egg outside the collection tank 6 conical sieve opening on the shelf 9;

[0048] 脱粘剂槽19的排剂管14由水泵13连接至位于高位的脱粘清洗槽1,脱粘清洗槽1的下部由出料管4连接至集卵槽的上口。 [0048] debonder agent discharge pipe 19 of the groove 14 by the water pump 13 is connected to the cleaning tank located at the high debonding 1, debonding of the cleaning tank 1 by the lower portion of the pipe 4 is connected to the upper opening groove set eggs.

[0049] 网筛5和筛网环20的孔径为60至80目。 Pore ​​[0049] 5 mesh and 20 mesh ring of 60 to 80 mesh. 可以满足阻挡受精卵从网筛5和筛网环20网孔中流出。 Blocking flow from the fertilized egg to meet 5 mesh sieve and 20 mesh in a ring.

[0050] 由所述脱粘清洗槽1面架空1厘米高度设置一暴气环3 ;所述脱粘剂槽1底部以均布方式设置暴气器15。 [0050] The debonded from the surface of the cleaning tank 1 1 cm Height overhead gas ring 3 provided with a storm; debonder the bottom groove 1 is provided in a uniformly distributed manner boldness 15.

[0051] 所述集卵外槽6锥形底10上搁置的筛孔搁板9为冲孔搁板,加工方便。 [0051] The tapered outer egg collection tank 6 rests on the bottom shelf 10 mesh perforated shelves 9, easy to process.

[0052] 脱粘剂槽19、脱粘清洗槽1和集卵槽之间由管路12和阀门17进行连接和和接通、 [0052] The groove 19 debonding agents, debonding between the cleaning tank 1 and the egg collector and groove connection and closing valve 17 and a line 12,

关闭。 shut down. 以便于工作按照脱粘和清洗要求进行操作和控制。 For operation and control according to claims debonding and cleaning work.

[0053] 脱粘剂槽19、脱粘清洗槽1和集卵槽之间由管路12和阀门17进行连接,所述阀门17为电磁阀,由计算机按规定的时间和次序开启和关闭各电磁阀,可以实现自动化作业,提高作业的标准化和工作效率。 [0053] debonder groove 19, between the washing tub 1 and debonding egg collection tank connected by line 12 and valve 17, the valve 17 is a solenoid valve, in chronological order, and each of the predetermined opening and closing by a computer solenoid valve, can automate operations, improve standardization and efficiency of operations.

[0054] 相应鱼类受精卵脱粘清洗装备的使用方法: [0054] The corresponding cleaning fish eggs detackification use of equipment:

[0055] ①在脱粘剂槽19中定量进水和配制脱粘剂液并启动底部暴气器15,使悬浮状脱粘剂液均匀; [0055] ① in the quantitatively debonder formulation grooves 19 and water removal agent was started and the boldness of the bottom 15, the suspension was uniformly shaped debonder;

[0056] ②启动水泵13,定量将脱粘剂槽19内的脱粘剂从底部出料管14送入脱粘清洗槽1,同时打开脱粘清洗槽1底部暴气环3暴气,调节并锁定暴气量使悬浮状脱粘剂液呈轻沸状,将待脱粘的鱼类受精卵从受精卵放入口21定量放入脱粘清洗槽1内,进行定时脱粘程序; [0056] ② start the pump 13, the release agent in the quantitative debonder groove 19 from the bottom of the discharge pipe 14 into the cleaning tank 1 debonded, while the open bottom of the washing tub 1 debonding boldness boldness ring 3, adjusting the suspension and gas-like locking storm debonder was low-boiling liquid form, to be debonded from fertilized fish eggs quantitative introduction port 21 into the cleaning tank debinding, debinding timing program;

[0057] ③脱粘程序结束进入定时清洗程序,关闭脱粘清洗槽1底部暴气环3,同时从脱粘清洗槽1底部的出料管4送入清水,使鱼类受精卵在清洁流水中反复清洗,多余的水通过粘清洗槽1上口的筛网环20溢出,溢出的水经外圈溢流环槽22由进出水管2排出,受精卵被挡在筛网环20内; [0057] ③ debonding regular cleaning program enters the routine ends, closing the bottom of washing tub 1 debonding boldness ring 3, and water 4 is fed from the bottom of washing tub 1 debonding of the discharge tube, so that the cleaning water in fish fertilized egg repeated washing, excess water washing tub 1 catchy adhesive mesh ring 20 through an overflow, the overflow of the water through the outer annular groove 22 is discharged from the overflow out of the pipe 2, the fertilized egg is blocked in a mesh ring 20;

[0058] ④在定时清洗程序进行过程中,定量注入清水至集卵槽并打开集卵槽暴气环管8暴气,定量将经清洗的受精卵与水由脱粘清洗槽1的下部出料管4送至集卵槽的上口,进入集卵内槽7,打开底部的排水管11,周边的暴气将防止受精卵贴壁受挤压而集中在集卵内槽7的中央,水由自重,经集卵内槽7周边网筛5滤出,由底部的排水管11排出;[0059] ⑤最终,经脱粘清洗的鱼类受精卵集中存放在集卵内槽7圆弧形平底部。 [0058] ④ in the timing of the washing program is in progress, the quantitative collection of eggs into the water tank and to open the set eggs boldness loop groove 8 boldness, quantified by the lower debonding out the washing tub 1 through the rinse water and fertilized drain pipe 11, the periphery of the tube 4 boldness set eggs to the upper opening groove, the groove 7 into the set eggs, fertilized eggs will prevent opening the bottom of the adherent is squeezed concentrated in ovo central collector groove 7, by the weight of water, dried egg collection groove 7 surrounding the mesh 5 was filtered off, the drain pipe 11 is discharged from the bottom; [0059] ⑤ finally, the cleaned fish by debonding stored centrally fertilized egg collector arcuate groove 7 shaped flat bottom. [0060] 在清洗程序完毕,清水从溢流环22的进出水管2送入,逆向对脱粘清洗槽1内壁 [0060] In the cleaning process has been completed, water from the overflow pipe 22 of the ring 2 is fed out, the inner wall of the washing tub 1 reverse debonding

进行冲洗,并由脱粘清洗槽1下部出料管4送至集卵内槽7,此技术是本发明的一项特色,以 Rinsing, washing tub 1 by debonding tube 4 to the lower portion of the collection tank 7 ovo, this technique is a feature of the invention, to

冲洗残留壁上的受精卵,解决了目前人工操作中受精卵的人为浪费现象。 Rinse the remaining walls of the fertilized egg to solve the human waste in the current manual operation of fertilized eggs.

[0061] 所述待脱粘的鱼类受精卵在脱粘清洗槽1内脱粘时间为3分钟至15分钟,暴气环 [0061] The fish eggs to be debonded debinding in the cleaning tank 1 debinding time is 3-15 minutes, boldness ring

3的暴气量为至水流呈微沸状;所述待脱粘的鱼类受精卵在脱粘清洗槽1内清洗时间为5 3 is to violent gas stream a boil-like form; the fish eggs to be debonded cleaning the cleaning tank 1 debinding time of 5

分钟至10分钟,暴气环3的暴气量为零,冲洗水流呈微沸状。 Min to 10 min, boldness violent gas ring 3 is zero, the flushing water flow was slightly boiling shape.

[0062] 在以上技术参数的范围内,能达到较好的脱粘清洗目的,也便于由此编制控制程序,实现计算机控制的自动化作业。 [0062] In the range of the above technical parameters can achieve better adhesion de automation cleaning purposes, thereby also facilitating the preparation of a control program, and computer-controlled.

[0063] 上海金山丰泽水产良种场是一家专业从事异育银鲫良种孵化的市级水产良种场。 [0063] Shanghai Jinshan Fortress aquatic breeding farm is specialized in the different varieties of carp hatching municipal aquatic breeding farm. 现有的苗种孵化生产工艺是全人工操作,生产工艺水平低下、操作工人劳动强度大、产品数量和质量难以有所突破。 Existing hatchery seed production process is all manual, the low level of production technology, operating large labor intensity, quantity and quality is difficult to achieve a breakthrough. 在2009年市级水产良种场标准化改造项目专家评审中,与会专家形成一致意见要求改变此现状,实现机械化装备作业。 In the 2009 municipal expert assessment of aquatic breeding farm standardized transformation project, the experts form the consensus required to change this status quo, mechanized equipment operation. 经预测,采用以上技术,鱼类受精卵在经过本发明技术脱粘清洗后的存活率较现有人工作业技术将提高25%左右;同时将减轻人工作业强度,节约人工约200%,而在采用计算机控制后,又可节省70%的人工;节约用水可达30%左右,脱粘清洗的速度提高,縮短了约20%的时间,大大提高了鱼类受精卵脱粘清洗作业的效率。 It predicted using the above techniques, fish eggs in the art after debonding survival after cleaning of the present invention will increase by 25% the prior art manual work around; the same time reduce the manual work intensity, labor-saving about 200%, and after computer controlled, artificial and save 70%; water saving up to 30%, debonding cleaning speed, shortened by about 20% of the time, greatly improving the cleaning operation of fish eggs debonding efficiency .

Claims (5)

  1. 鱼类受精卵脱粘清洗装备,其特征在于:所述装备包括脱粘剂槽(19)、脱粘清洗槽(1)和集卵槽三大部分;所述脱粘剂槽(19)为一上口敞开的筒体或箱体,上方设置进水管(18),底部设有排放口(16)、排剂管(14)和暴气器(15);所述脱粘清洗槽(19)呈圆底锅状或圆锥底锅状,脱粘清洗槽(19)底部中央设置出料管(4),并架空水平设置一暴气环(3),在脱粘清洗槽(19)的上沿口安装一个底圆直径和脱粘清洗槽(19)的上沿口相同的锥形筛网环(20),在筛网环(20)的外周边为一圈溢流环槽(22),溢流环槽(22)的底部开设进出水管(2),锥形筛网环(20)的上口为受精卵放入口(21);所述集卵槽为集卵内槽(7)和集卵外槽(6)双层结构,集卵内槽(7)具有圆弧形平底,上部周边为网筛(5);集卵外槽(6)为锥形底(10),锥形底(10)中心连接排水管(11),在锥形口设置筛孔搁板(9),在筛孔搁板(9)上设置暴气环 Fish eggs debonding cleaning equipment, characterized in that: said arrangement comprises a debonder groove (19), debonding cleaning tank (1) and the egg collector trough three parts; debonder the groove (19) is a catchy open cylinder or box provided inlet (18) above the bottom provided with a discharge port (16), rows of coolant tubes (14) and the boldness (15); debonded said cleaning tank (19 ) circular conical bottom end of the pot-shaped or cup-shaped, debonding cleaning tank (19) provided at the bottom center of the tube (4), and a horizontally disposed overhead boldness ring (3), the debonding washing tank (19) the bead mounted on a bottom circle diameter and debonding washing tank (19) of the same mesh tapered bead ring (20), the outer periphery of the screen ring (20) to turn the overflow annular groove (22 ), the overflow annular groove bottom (22) defines upper opening inlet and outlet pipe (2), a conical screen ring (20) is placed in the mouth fertilized egg (21); said egg collector groove is set eggs groove ( (6) 7-layer structure) and the outer groove set eggs, egg collection groove (7) has an arc-shaped flat, the upper periphery of the mesh (5); egg collection outer groove (6) is a cone-shaped bottom (10) conical bottom (10) connected to the central drain pipe (11), arranged mesh shelves (9) in the tapered opening is provided on a gas ring storm mesh shelves (9) 管(8),集卵内槽(7)搁置在集卵外槽(6)锥形口的筛孔搁板(9)上;脱粘剂槽(19)的排剂管(14)由水泵(13)连接至位于高位的脱粘清洗槽(1),脱粘清洗槽(1)的下部由出料管(4)连接至集卵槽的上口。 Tube (8), the egg collector groove (7) rests on a shelf set eggs mesh outer groove (6) of the cone opening (9); debonder groove (19) of the discharge refrigerant tube (14) by a water pump (13) is connected to the lower portion of the upper debonding washing tank (1), debonding cleaning tank (1) from the tube (4) is connected to the upper opening groove set eggs.
  2. 2. 根据权利要求l所述鱼类受精卵脱粘清洗装备,其特征是所述网筛(5)和筛网环(20)的孔径为60至80目。 2. l The fish eggs debonded cleaning equipment according to claim, wherein said mesh (5) and a mesh ring (20) of a pore size of 60 to 80 mesh.
  3. 3. 根据权利要求1所述鱼类受精卵脱粘清洗装备,其特征是: 由所述脱粘清洗槽(1)底面架空1厘米高度设置一暴气环(3);所述脱粘剂槽(1)底部以均布方式设置暴气器(15);所述集卵外槽(6)锥形底(10)上搁置的筛孔搁板(9)为冲孔搁板。 3. The method of claim 1 debonding cleaning equipment fish eggs, characterized in that: the debonding a cleaning tank (1) a bottom surface provided with a trolley 1 cm Height boldness ring (3); said debonder (1) uniformly distributed in the bottom of the groove provided boldness (15); said collector rests on a conical bottom (10) of the outer groove eggs (6) mesh shelves (9) is punched shelf.
  4. 4. 根据权利要求l所述鱼类受精卵脱粘清洗装备,其特征是所述脱粘剂槽(19)、脱粘清洗槽(1)和集卵槽之间由管路(12)和阀门(17)进行连接和接通、关闭。 The fish eggs to the debonded l cleaning equipment, wherein said debonding agent tank (19), debonding between the cleaning tank (1) and the groove by the line set eggs (12) as claimed in claim and a valve (17) is connected and turned off.
  5. 5. 根据权利要求l所述鱼类受精卵脱粘清洗装备,其特征是所述脱粘剂槽(19)、脱粘清洗槽(1)和集卵槽之间由管路(12)和阀门(17)进行连接,所述阀门(17)为电磁阀,由计算机按规定的时间和次序开启和关闭各电磁阀。 5. The fish eggs l debonded cleaning equipment, wherein said debonding agent tank (19), debonding between the cleaning tank (1) and the groove by the line set eggs (12) as claimed in claim and a valve (17) connecting said valve (17), in chronological order, and the predetermined opening and closing the solenoid valves by the computer is a solenoid valve.
CN 200910197296 2009-10-16 2009-10-16 Device for debonding and cleaning fish oosperm CN101692797B (en)

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102550452A (en) * 2011-12-31 2012-07-11 江苏省海洋水产研究所 Cultivating method of Sea anemone parents
CN103026995A (en) * 2013-01-07 2013-04-10 中国水产科学研究院渔业机械仪器研究所 Unsticking and cleaning device for fish fertilized eggs
CN103053455A (en) * 2013-01-07 2013-04-24 中国水产科学研究院渔业机械仪器研究所 Fish germ cell mucus removing and washing system and technical process thereof
CN104904628A (en) * 2015-05-05 2015-09-16 中国水产科学研究院渔业机械仪器研究所 Fry hatching and breeding system

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3850143A (en) 1972-09-05 1974-11-26 Ralston Purina Co Method of handling shrimp
CN2549929Y (en) 2002-02-27 2003-05-14 解岗 Washing groove for shellfish fertilized ovum particle
CN1165217C (en) 2002-07-04 2004-09-08 天津市换新水产良种场 Viscidity-removing method of viscous fertilized fish roe and its equipment

Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102550452A (en) * 2011-12-31 2012-07-11 江苏省海洋水产研究所 Cultivating method of Sea anemone parents
CN102550452B (en) 2011-12-31 2013-09-11 江苏省海洋水产研究所 Cultivating method of Sea anemone parents
CN103026995A (en) * 2013-01-07 2013-04-10 中国水产科学研究院渔业机械仪器研究所 Unsticking and cleaning device for fish fertilized eggs
CN103053455A (en) * 2013-01-07 2013-04-24 中国水产科学研究院渔业机械仪器研究所 Fish germ cell mucus removing and washing system and technical process thereof
CN103053455B (en) 2013-01-07 2014-10-22 中国水产科学研究院渔业机械仪器研究所 One kind of fish eggs debonding, process and cleaning system
CN103026995B (en) * 2013-01-07 2015-05-27 中国水产科学研究院渔业机械仪器研究所 Unsticking and cleaning device for fish fertilized eggs
CN104904628A (en) * 2015-05-05 2015-09-16 中国水产科学研究院渔业机械仪器研究所 Fry hatching and breeding system
CN104904628B (en) * 2015-05-05 2017-10-03 中国水产科学研究院渔业机械仪器研究所 One kind of fish hatcheries breeding system

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