CN101673450B - Device for intelligent fertilizing, watering, alarming and managing based on environmental parameter and method therefor - Google Patents

Device for intelligent fertilizing, watering, alarming and managing based on environmental parameter and method therefor Download PDF

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CN101673450B
CN101673450B CN2009102355318A CN200910235531A CN101673450B CN 101673450 B CN101673450 B CN 101673450B CN 2009102355318 A CN2009102355318 A CN 2009102355318A CN 200910235531 A CN200910235531 A CN 200910235531A CN 101673450 B CN101673450 B CN 101673450B
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watering
environmental parameter
alarming
main control
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CN101673450A (en
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兰泽华
马丽霞
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兰泽华
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Abstract

The invention relates to a device for intelligent fertilizing, watering, alarming and managing based on an environmental parameter and a method therefor, aiming at managing the fertilizing and watering for crops in an agriculture house. The device comprises an environmental parameter acquisition unit, a real-time monitoring unit, a control mainframe, a display unit and an input unit, wherein the environmental parameter acquisition unit comprises an air temperature and humidity sensor, a plurality of soil humidity sensors and a plurality of environmental parameter data conversion module, is in charged of acquiring the environmental parameters such as the environment air temperature and humidity, the soil humidity and the like in real time and transmits the environmental parameters into the control mainframe as the analysis and judgment basis for alarming; the real-time monitoring unit comprises a real-time scan module and a timer module and is in charge of monitoring the environmental parameters in real time and analyzing, judging and alarming according to the data information of the crops; the control mainframe comprises an operation system supporting imaging display, a user operation control platform and a backstage timing scan service program, ensures the real-time alarming prompt under the system boot-up state and provides an interactive platform for the user to operate the information of the crops.

Description

Device for intelligent fertilizing, watering, alarming and managing and method based on environmental parameter
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of real-time monitoring environment parameter, can supply the user to report to the police to be provided with and be provided with the device for intelligent fertilizing, watering, alarming and managing and the method based on environmental parameter of automatic enforcement warning according to environmental parameter and time of fire alarming.
Background technology
Fertilising and to water be the important step in the agricultural production is watered, quantitative fertilization is the requisite measure of increasing production without increasing the work force on time.Peasant household often carries out fertilizing, watering by experience in the middle of the reality, and this has just influenced the promptness and the science of fertilizing, watering.The intelligent fertilization system equipment of developing both at home and abroad at present generally is a kind ofly to offer the intelligence system of peasant household with integrated service mode, and function is surveyed, joined, executes to collection is one, has realized the agricultural fertilizer scientific management to a certain extent.But volumes are big on the one hand, price is high for these intelligence systems, and on the other hand, therefore also not multiple to booth or farmland, the alarming and managing function of the fertilizing, watering of crop in batches is difficult to popularize.
Summary of the invention
To the problems referred to above; Device for intelligent fertilizing, watering, alarming and managing and the method based on environmental parameter that the present invention relates to can be according to the ambient temperature and humidity data that collect in real time; Automatically whether the batch crop in the judgment data storehouse needs fertilizing, watering, then plays the warning music alarm automatically like the needs fertilizing, watering, in addition; Also can be set to the fertilizing, watering time point of confirming through experimental knowledge in the system; After this time point arrived, the warning music alarm is opened and play in system automatically, realizes the fertilizing, watering, alarming to crops, flowers.System has intellectuality, controls the characteristics simple, mobile convenient, that cost is low.
The technical scheme that the present invention takes is: a kind of device for intelligent fertilizing, watering, alarming and managing based on environmental parameter; It comprises at least: a real-time monitoring unit; Said unit comprises storer, controller, arithmetical unit and IO interface; Whether the data message and the analysis and judgement that are used for the collection of real-time reception environment parameter acquisition unit meet alert if, and it links to each other with main control system through serial ports; A main control system comprises cpu, storage unit, data-interface and shows output interface, and this main control system is connected with display unit, input block and environmental parameter collecting unit through above-mentioned each expansion interface; An environmental parameter collecting unit comprises aerial temperature and humidity inductor and soil parameters inductor, is used for gathering in real time environmental parameter, imports main control system into through said data-interface; A display unit is used to show link to each other the graphical interfaces of man-machine interaction with main control system through said demonstration output interface; An input block is used to control personnel's input control signal and carries out setting operation, connects main control system through said data-interface or wireless connections mode.
Method based on the device for intelligent fertilizing, watering, alarming and managing of environmental parameter comprises step:
One, by real-time monitoring unit timing monitoring environment parameter;
Two, automatic start-up control main frame is also reported to the police when each environmental parameter reaches setting value, and the reference information of fertilizing, watering is provided for the control personnel by main control system;
Three, after the control personnel carry out the action of watering and/or apply fertilizer with reference to main control system prompting, executed information feedback is inputed to main control system;
Four, main control system calculates next water and/or apply fertilizer a little time, temperature and temperature information according to the execution information of feedback;
Five, main control system next information of watering and/or applying fertilizer a little that will calculate gained is input to real-time monitoring unit, is used for real-time monitoring unit with reference to carrying out watering next time and/or applying fertilizer warning.
Technique effect of the present invention is; Automatically gather the crop growth environment data and judge crops fertilizer behaviour in service, soil moisture and temperature regime, the prompting user application in time that when crop need be applied fertilizer or water, gives the alarm is watered and is shown detailed fertilizing, watering information.This is the reasonable management fertilizing, watering, reduces agricultural dealer the practitioner is required effective help is provided, and greatly reduces the cost to the fertilizing, watering situation management.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the hardware structure diagram based on the device for intelligent fertilizing, watering, alarming and managing of environmental parameter of expression embodiments of the invention;
Fig. 2 is the method schematic diagram based on the device for intelligent fertilizing, watering, alarming and managing of environmental parameter of expression embodiments of the invention;
Embodiment
For making characteristic of the present invention and advantage obtain clearer understanding,, elaborate as follows below in conjunction with accompanying drawing:
Systemic-function of the present invention mainly comprises: (1) is according to the automatic warning function of the humiture that collects automatically; The function of (2) also reporting to the police according to the time point automatic start up system of setting; (3) crops, flowers data management function; (4) crops, flowers data imports and exports function.
As shown in Figure 1, hardware structure diagram of the present invention has been described.In Fig. 1; Device for intelligent fertilizing, watering, alarming and managing hardware based on environmental parameter comprises main control system 1, real-time monitoring unit 2, alternating current-direct current transformation reducing transformer 3, environmental parameter collecting unit 4, display unit 5, IR remote controller 6, warning audio amplifier 7, serial ports 8, data-interface 9, COBBAIF 10, infrared remote control interface 11, shows output interface 12 and interface expansion slot 13 that wherein: wherein environmental parameter collecting unit 4 is gathered environmental parameters (comprising air themperature and humidity, soil moisture data) in real time and data are passed through data-interface 9 connection main control systems 1; Monitoring unit 2 real-time monitoring environment parameters are obtained environmental data and analysis and judgement and whether are met alert if from environmental parameter collecting unit 4 in real time, will send the start alerting signal to main control system 1 through serial ports 8 if meet alert if; When main control system 1 receives the report for police service enabling signal, start the host computer system display alarm information and play the warning music through warning audio amplifier 7; Main control system 1 starts back run user operating platform automatically, is used for the control personnel crop information is operated; Telepilot 6 is realized wireless connections with infrared remote control interface and main control system 1, is used to the personnel's that control control input; Output device comprises display unit 5 and warning audio amplifier 7, respectively through showing that output interface 12 and COBBAIF 10 are connected with main control system 1; Interface expansion slot 13 can be used for external connection keyboard, mouse as control personnel input equipment.
In addition, this alarm unit can also be the emitter of an ability to portable mobile terminal transmission prompting message, specifically can be a SMS dispensing device, is connected in main control system, can send information by being provided with to designated user.
As shown in Figure 2, the method schematic diagram based on the device for intelligent fertilizing, watering, alarming and managing of environmental parameter that the present invention relates to has been described.In Fig. 2, divide following several steps based on the method for the device for intelligent fertilizing, watering, alarming and managing of environmental parameter:
Step S0: the environmental parameter collecting unit is gathered ambient parameter data in real time, and gives the foundation of real-time monitoring unit as the analysis and judgement warning with the air humidity/temperature that collects, soil moisture data transmission;
Step S1: real-time monitoring unit operation service program real time scan; Its work is divided into two parts: the one, and the time of fire alarming point of each crops in the scanning crops database; Then send enabling signal when arriving time of fire alarming point to main control system; These time of fire alarming points are to be set according to the growing requirements of Different Crop by the control personnel; The control personnel can make amendment and set through operation control platform, and the 2nd, whether the environmental data and the analysis and judgement of the collection of real-time reception environment parameter acquisition unit meet alert if, then send enabling signal to main control system when meeting alert if;
Step S2: the main control system normality is in off-mode, when receiving the enabling signal that step S1 sends, starts;
Step S3: main control system starts back operation system, and what adopt in the present embodiment is the linux operating system after the cutting, and operating system is that the application software operation provides and stablize file operation support and graphical and shows support;
Step S4: behind the os starting, start application program, start backstage environmental parameter collection service routine and automatic analysis and judgment simultaneously and whether meet alert if; The data message of crops is with the storage of xml document form, the required fertilising/information of watering in storage crops base attribute information and the growth course; Application program in operational process to the read-write of this xml file;
Step S5: offer foreground function program of control personnel behind the application program launching, fertilising warning setting, watering, alarming setting, the information inquiry of applying fertilizer, the information inquiry of watering, crops/flowers database navigation, data importing derivation, humiture demonstration in real time and system specialization and closing function are provided;
Step S6: if when from the real time scan service of step S1 and S4, finding to meet alert if then start the backstage alert program; Play the warning music or send prompting message and list the Crop Information that need water or apply fertilizer to portable mobile terminal, prompting control personnel water accordingly or apply fertilizer action; The control personnel input to main control system with executed information feedback after carrying out the action of watering and/or apply fertilizer with reference to alarm message reminding; Main control system calculates next water and/or apply fertilizer a little time, temperature and temperature information according to the execution information of feedback; Next information of watering and/or applying fertilizer a little that main control system will calculate gained is input to real-time monitoring unit, is used for real-time monitoring unit with reference to carrying out watering next time and/or applying fertilizer warning.
Working state of system is gathered ambient temperature and humidity through sensor in real time down automatically; And crops, the comparison of flowers fertilizing, watering humiture value in real-time and the database; Automatically list the crops and the displaying audio file that need fertilizing, watering and report to the police, the prompting user should be to crops, flowers fertilizing, watering; Under the system standby state; Can be according to the fertilizing, watering, alarming time point that is provided with down in working order, after corresponding time point arrives, automatic start up system; List the crops and the displaying audio file that need fertilizing, watering and report to the police, the prompting user should be to crops, flowers fertilizing, watering.
The present invention has following sorrow point:
The first, automatically gather ambient temperature and humidity, judge automatically and carry out fertilizing, watering, alarming, have the high characteristics of intelligent degree;
The second, the hardware controlling main frame is a core with Intel Atom, simultaneously integrated multiple hardwares such as the timing single-chip microcomputer of low-power consumption (regularly monitoring unit), Temperature Humidity Sensor, and the system that makes has the low-power consumption characteristics;
Three, system has conveniently moving, controls characteristic of simple;
Four, employing is based on crops, flowers humiture attribute, the characteristic information storage format of XML, and the system that makes has the characteristics of favorable expandability.
Five, this intelligent fertilizing warning system can be widely used in the fertilizing, watering, alarming and managing on green house of vegetables, flower shed, farm etc.
But six, reasonable management fertilizing, watering after the use reduces the requirement to the practitioner, and then reduces the fertilizing, watering management costs.
What native system was realized is the fertilizing, watering intelligent alarm management function to multiple, batch crops, flowers; And it is existing to satisfy the control device of automatic watering function according to a certain condition point, and therefore follow-up above-mentioned intelligent alarm management system and the control type device planned integrated integratedly, forms the fertilizing, watering, alarming total management system that function is more powerful, promoted extension is wider.
Above-described instance has been done detailed explanation to the implementation of various piece of the present invention.But concrete way of realization of the present invention is not limited thereto; Those skilled in the art for technical field; Under the situation of spirit that does not deviate from the method for the invention and claim scope, the various conspicuous change that it is carried out is all within protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (9)

1. the device for intelligent fertilizing, watering, alarming and managing based on environmental parameter is characterized in that, comprises at least:
A real-time monitoring unit; It is a regularly single-chip microcomputer; It comprises storer, controller, arithmetical unit and IO interface; Whether the data message and the analysis and judgement that are used for the collection of real-time reception environment parameter acquisition unit meet alert if, and it links to each other with main control system through serial ports, automatic start-up control main frame of this real-time monitoring unit and warning when each environmental parameter reaches setting value;
A main control system comprises cpu, storage unit, data-interface and shows output interface, and this main control system is connected with display unit, input block and environmental parameter collecting unit through each expansion interface; This main control system normality is in off-mode, starts when receiving the enabling signal that real-time monitoring unit sends;
An environmental parameter collecting unit comprises aerial temperature and humidity inductor and soil parameters inductor, is used for gathering in real time environmental parameter, imports main control system into through said data-interface;
A display unit is used to show link to each other the graphical interfaces of man-machine interaction with main control system through said demonstration output interface;
An input block is used to control personnel's input control signal and carries out setting operation, connects main control system through said data-interface or wireless connections mode;
Other comprises an alarm unit, and it directly is built in main control system; This alarm unit is an ability is sent an emitter from prompting message to portable mobile terminal.
2. the device for intelligent fertilizing, watering, alarming and managing based on environmental parameter as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that: described environmental parameter collecting unit comprises aerial temperature and humidity sensor and a plurality of soil parameters inductors that are distributed in the field diverse location.
3. the intelligent fertilizing, watering, alarming and managing method based on environmental parameter of using each said device of claim 1-2 is characterized in that, comprises step at least:
One, by real-time monitoring unit timing monitoring environment parameter;
Two, automatic start-up control main frame is also reported to the police when each environmental parameter reaches setting value, and the reference information of fertilizing, watering is provided for the control personnel by main control system;
Three, after the control personnel carry out the action of watering and/or apply fertilizer with reference to main control system prompting, executed information feedback is inputed to main control system;
Four, main control system calculates next environmental parameter setting value a little of watering and/or apply fertilizer according to the execution information of feedback;
Five, main control system next the environmental parameter setting value of watering and/or applying fertilizer a little that will calculate gained is input to real-time monitoring unit, is used for real-time monitoring unit with reference to carrying out watering next time and/or applying fertilizer warning.
4. the intelligent fertilizing, watering, alarming and managing method based on environmental parameter as claimed in claim 3 is characterized in that: described environmental parameter comprises air themperature and humidity and soil data.
5. the intelligent fertilizing, watering, alarming and managing method based on environmental parameter as claimed in claim 4 is characterized in that: the collection of described soil data is to average through the soil parameters aggregation of data that a plurality of soil parameters sensors that will be distributed in each zones of different of experiment field obtain to obtain.
6. the intelligent fertilizing, watering, alarming and managing method based on environmental parameter as claimed in claim 3 is characterized in that: the reference information that described main control system provides comprises, crop title, crop-planting zone, applies fertilizer and waters water yield information.
7. the intelligent fertilizing, watering, alarming and managing method based on environmental parameter as claimed in claim 3; It is characterized in that: described main control system has user's operating platform, and it comprises the crop information library inquiry, the information inquiry of applying fertilizer, the information inquiry of watering, fertilising are reported to the police and be provided with, watering, alarming setting and database import and export part.
8. the intelligent fertilizing, watering, alarming and managing method based on environmental parameter as claimed in claim 3 is characterized in that: described water and/or fertilization time point through main control system with user's operating platform input, or calculate by real-time monitoring unit.
9. like each described intelligent fertilizing, watering, alarming and managing method based on environmental parameter of claim 3-8, it is characterized in that: described actuation of an alarm comprises startup main frame display alarm information, plays the warning music or sends prompting message to portable mobile terminal.
CN2009102355318A 2009-10-19 2009-10-19 Device for intelligent fertilizing, watering, alarming and managing based on environmental parameter and method therefor Active CN101673450B (en)

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CN101943899B (en) * 2010-07-12 2012-09-12 中国农业大学 Man-machine interaction system of agricultural variable fertilizing machine
CN102172158A (en) * 2011-03-08 2011-09-07 上海交通大学 Vegetable production water and fertilizer management system based on handheld equipment
EA030261B1 (en) * 2011-05-18 2018-07-31 Георг Фритцмайер Гмбх Унд Ко. Кг Method for determining an amount of agrochemicals to be applied
CN102445933B (en) * 2011-10-14 2013-06-12 兰泽华 System for monitoring, alarming and managing farmland greenhouses based on Internet of things
CN102487788A (en) * 2011-12-15 2012-06-13 南京成风大气信息技术有限公司 Intelligent spray irrigation discharge control system based on weather information services
CN104125769B (en) * 2012-05-31 2016-08-17 杭州宅耕农业科技有限公司 A kind of system that plant watering is reminded
CN102845283B (en) * 2012-09-24 2014-05-28 王春晔 Intelligent irrigation control management system for irrigator
CN105432205A (en) * 2014-06-05 2016-03-30 扬州市土壤肥料站 Soil attribute parameter estimation method, fertilizer application program recommended method and fertilizer preparation program recommended apparatus
CN104267173A (en) * 2014-09-30 2015-01-07 山西省农业科学院棉花研究所 Automatic alarming device for soil drought
CN104920170A (en) * 2015-06-03 2015-09-23 广东千森园林科技股份有限公司 Automatic garden spraying system
CN106649827A (en) * 2016-12-29 2017-05-10 深圳前海弘稼科技有限公司 Planting reminding method, server and system
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CN110720287B (en) * 2019-10-28 2021-04-30 安徽省锐凌计量器制造有限公司 Liquid fertilizer field fertilizing method based on big data analysis
CN110999616B (en) * 2019-12-17 2021-08-10 厦门雅众建设集团有限公司 Intelligent fertilization method for garden greenbelt

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